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2019-02 08

[General]Hanyang Castle I

A medical doctor is, in most cases, recognized as one of the most prestigious professions out there due to its long and arduous process of study and practice, dedication to serving humanity, and their special trust and bond with patients. On top of their paramount existence in the field, stability and financial rewards also plant hopes in a mother’s heart for her child to pursue the superb footsteps of becoming a doctor. In some cases, this hope becomes a bit too forced upon children, resulting in a high level of stress for the child, having to go through the endless hours of private education. A Korean drama show called “SKY Castle” portrays insight on such problems, ultimately caused by the unstable Korean education system. A Korean drama called "SKY Castle" (Photo courtesy of topstarnews.net) “SKY Castle” is the name of the luxurious private town where wealthy doctors and professors live. The drama focuses on the lives of the housewives vigorously pushing forward their plans on their children to make them enter the most prestigious universities. They bring in an academic coach that costs millions, and who had successfully helped one of their children be admitted to the medical department at one of the most prestigious universities. However, the story unfolds as the lives of the families in that town slowly crumble under the hands of their academic coach who pushes the limits of the children to compete and do whatever they can to gain good results. The show received a 23.8 percent viewer rating and was able to draw on the empathy of viewers. It also began to impact people to think about their mindset and faults in the private education system, which is almost a mandatory component in Korean education. Reflecting on this trend, six medical students from HYU were brought to talk about their personal experiences preparing for medical school. HYU medical students in front of the HYU medical building HYU’s medical department can be divided into two: the Department of Pre-Medicine and the Department of Medicine. All medical students admitted to the medical department must go through two years of pre-medicine, and then four years of medicine for graduation. The pre-medicine period allows students to gain an understanding of the basics of medical studies. Cho Yoong (Department of Pre-Medicine, 2nd year), Oh Hyun-joong (Department of Pre-Medicine, 2nd year), Yeh Hye-lin (Department of Pre-Medicine, 2nd year), and Jeong Yoo-jin (Department of Pre-Medicine, 2nd year) joined us for the interview. Q. What made you choose this path of becoming a doctor? Yeh: I always had an interest for human beings. I thought that learning about our bodies in the medical field would give me more insight, so I chose this path. Oh: I decided to become a doctor when I was in middle school. Ever since I was in elementary school, I worked as a volunteer. I saw many people who were in poor health conditions, and even saw many who died in the end. I decided that a doctor is a profession that can give practical help to these people. (From left) Yeh Hye-lin (Department of Pre-Medicine, 2nd year) and Oh Hyun-joong (Department of Pre-Medicine, 2nd year) are quizzing each other on human anatomy. Cho: I was always interested in the science field, but I didn’t want to just become researcher. I thought I could combine the humanity aspect to my interests and thus decided to become a doctor. Jeong: For me, I wanted to become a doctor from a very young age. To be honest, it was because of medical dramas, but in the end, I became more passionate about my dream as I encountered many types of doctors I didn’t want to become. It motivated me into becoming one that I can be proud of. (From left) Jeong Yoo-jin (Department of Pre-Medicine, 2nd year) and Cho Yoong (Department of Pre-Medicine, 2nd year) are going through their textbook. Q. How was your medical school preparation life? Oh: Cho and I actually went to a science high school. It is a completely different education system from other high schools in the sense that the curriculum is already pretty much like that of a university. The courses are of pre-university level, and we were exposed to more competitions, camps, or anything that we could put into our record. To be completely honest, I think that the school itself can be seen as an academic coach or a university-prep “coordinator” as mentioned in the drama, SKY Castle. But of course, good results don’t come without hard work. I had classes from eight to five, then studied from six to twelve or one in the morning. Luckily during my sophomore year, my course schedule was a bit more flexible. I also continuously entered in numerous competitions and biology-related camps. Oh is focused on his studies after school. Yeh: I went to an autonomous private school, which supposedly seeks to widen students’ choices and spur healthy competition among schools. I still studied for twelve hours every day. I did sleep for seven to eight hours because, if not, I wouldn’t be able to focus. On Saturdays, I made sure to take a break from studying to have some time alone. Jeong: In my case, it was more like a wave of study and break periods. When I’m studying, I have to study hardcore and feel like I’m actually studying harder than anyone else in the room. I would sleep around one and start studying again around four. Of course, I also gave myself a break on Sundays, where I would sleep in till eleven and not study at night. Q. Did you need private education? Oh: Now that I look back, I don’t think I needed private education as much as I did before. Those academies are mere tools rather than your real asset. For HYU’s medical department, I think private education isn’t that helpful because students only need to hand in their resumes. Of course, it all depends on which application track you choose. Yeh: I think that it did help a bit. When I was in high school, I did go to many academies, but looking back, I think it wasn’t necessary to go to that many. I think people receive private education more because they’re scared that they’re going to fall behind. Personally, it would have been better to make more use of online courses offered by those academies. Oh and Cho's study materials from high school Cho: I think maybe in certain cases, private education is needed more to get into a better high school. I agree with Yeh that it’s more a psychological thing, where people feel anxious about not having enough information compared to fellow competitors to get into a university. Jeong: In my case, my mother wasn’t a fan of private education. So I usually studied alone except for when I was in the final year of prepping for university. I went to academies just to prepare for the entrance exam. Q. Have you ever heard of an academic coach like the one in SKY Castle? Yeh: I felt like the academic coach in that show was a bit of an exaggeration. Students get consultations, but I think it’s more focused on what they can do to prepare their resumes or enhance their academic capabilities. Cho: I also don’t know if there’s actually a coach like that, but I am aware that there are consultants out there who help students forge their resumes and academic records into a presentable story. Jeong: I agree. I don’t know if there’s a “coordinator,” or a coach solely for medical schools, but I have heard of consultants helping with students’ resumes or highly paid private tutors. (From left) Oh and Yeh are demonstrating a classical piece they're practicing at the orchestra club. Q. Now that you are a medical student at HYU, how has your life changed? Oh: At least for pre-medicine students, our lives aren’t that different from other students. We also start school in March and take a maximum of 22 credits per semester. It’s our only chance of living as a “normal” university student, participating in club activities and such. After the joyful two years, it will be four full years of just studying, so we do as much as we can now. Cho: We just need to make sure we don’t flunk, and luckily, we also have our “YAMA” (You Are My Angel; an accumulation of previous exam questions students can use to prep for exams). Apart from that, I take part in choir and rap clubs. Yeh: We are all part of multiple clubs. Oh and I are both in orchestra, and I also take part in the art club. Jeong: I also take part in volunteer, hip hop, dance, and computer clubs. The medical department alone has a whole hallway of numerous clubs that medical students can join. Park Joo-hyun julia1114@hanyang.ac.kr Photos by Park Geun-hyung

2019-02 04

[General]Briefing Session for Social Innovation Majors

What are some advantages of majoring in Social Innovation? According to LINC+ enterprise organization's professor Park Seong-soo, it grants you the capacity and mindset as a change-maker. To be a change-maker is to be equipped with the right perspective and capacity to make a positive change to the reality that one resides in. On January 31st, 2018, at the seminar room of the University Museum, the first briefing session for the Social Innovation major was held. The introduction to the briefing session is being given by Shin Yong-jin from the Social Innovation Center. LINC+ enterprise organization's professor Park Seong-soo is introducing the major of Social Innovation and the mindset to be constructed through its courses. Kim Min-seok, an alumnus of Hanyang University who is currently working for the LG company, stressed the importance of social innovation throughout his presentation. He demonstrated it through the LG and Samsung employment website in that most companies look for workers who can ceaselessly produce innovative ideas and who can work creatively. He emphasized that, with a clear-cut purpose for the major of Social Innovation which is to innovate the society by truly learning through the newly developed methods of teaching, fitting into the criteria that many companies today ask for will be a more seamless transition. “Things can't be realized right at the moment, but all of your experiences and learnings will help you to complete your puzzle in the long run," said Kim Min-seok during his presentation. Lee A-jin (Department of Financial Management, 4th year) took social innovation courses as one of the liberal arts lectures last semester. In the brief course, recommendation presentation, she said that she hopes to become an advertisement designer. Through the social innovation lectures that she took, she came to the conclusion that she wants to create advertisements that influence society and change it in a positive way. For those majoring in Social Innovation, plans have been constructed on creating and operating employment, entrepreneurship, academic clubs, as well as drawing on support from professionals through mentoring. “It is all in the hope that our students become social innovators who contribute to companies, schools, and to ventures," said Shin Yong-jin, who took charge of the event. He encouraged the participating students to visit him at the Social Innovation Center to ask any questions regarding the course or to give any suggestions on new ways of teaching his courses. Kim Hyun-soo soosoupkimmy@hanyang.ac.kr Photos by Kang Cho-hyun

2019-02 04

[Academics][Researcher of the Month] How to Effectively Create Eco-friendly Energy Using FOG

When we flush the toilet, the waste goes to the sewage treatment plant where the solid waste called sludge is separated from liquid waste. It seems as if this sludge will have no further use, but that turned out to be false. In fact, sludge is a massively important energy source for humans. In ‘Recent trends in anaerobic co-digestion: Fat, oil, and grease (FOG) for enhanced biomethanation,’ Professor Jeon Byong-hun (Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Engineering) explains the new trend in anaerobic digestion called, ‘anaerobic co-digestion,’ which is recently receiving a lot of attention. Anaerobic co-digestion yields energy through combusting not only the sewage sludge but also the lipidic waste such as fat, oil, and grease. FOG contains dense carbon and, thus, can largely increase the amount of methane when co-digested, which in turn can increase the amount of energy. Professor Jeon Byong-hun (Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Engineering) explains the anaerobic co-digestion, which creates methane from sludge and FOG, which can be combusted to create eco-friendly energy. When sludge gets processed in the sewage treatment plant, this biomass is broken down by micro-organisms in the absence of oxygen. This results in several end products, and one of them is methane. Methane could in turn be combusted to generate energy – a renewable, eco-friendly energy. This process is called anaerobic digestion. The anaerobic digestion is a necessary process used world-wide in order to reduce the amount of sewage sludge as well as to create eco-friendly energy. However, anaerobic digestion with only the sewage sludge as its source yielded an insignificant amount of energy, and there needed to be a way to increase the yielded energy. The diagram explains the ordinary sewage treatment in Phase 1 and the process of anaerobic co-digestion in Phase 3. (Photo courtesy of Jeon) Nonetheless, there have been several drawbacks in this particular process, which Jeon acknowledges and has suggested a new direction for the research. The problem is that long chain fatty acids (LCFA) contained in FOG inhibits the process, creating problems such as sludge floatation, washout, and scum formation. In the paper, Jeon discussed numerous pretreatment approaches and the latest techniques to solve these problems. Finally, based on the laboratory, pilot, and full-scale investigations, he concluded that the co-digestion of sludge and FOG greatly increased biomethane production, and presented several factors (such as concentration of FOG loading, mixing intensity, reactor configuration, and operation conditions) as the influential factor in improving the biomethane production. Jeon highlights the necessity of this particular form of bioenergy. “Most forms of energy can only be electrical energy. Solar, wind, and even atomic energy are all electrical energy only. Electrical energy is important, but it cannot replace everything, especially fossil fuel. Fossil fuel can be converted into electrical energy, but unlike other electrical energy sources, it can also become liquid, as well as gas and a solid energy carrier, and do many things, such as being put into transportation vehicles. The bioenergy coming from sludge and FOG can replace this portable energy source. Basically, this energy can do what any other eco-friendly energy cannot do,” Jeon emphasized. (Front row, middle) Jeon and his students pose for a photo in the laboratory. Lim Ji-woo il04131@hanyang.ac.kr Photos by Kang Cho-hyun

2019-01 30

[Academics][Excellent R&D] ACEnano Toolbox for H2020

Whilst the rapid development of technology has made our lives immensely easier, it has also brought unavoidable consequences that have affected our society. It is a double-edged sword with ongoing debates among scholars, civilians, and politicians regarding the extent to which it should be regulated to safeguard our society, resulting in such different standards and regulations imposed onto products. Yoon Tae-hyun (Department of Chemistry), is in the process of developing a toolbox that would allow companies to avoid clashes with these different regulations imposed in each country. H2020 stands for horizon 2020, which marks the project's initial deadline in the year 2020 massively funded by the European Union. (Photo courtesy of NewsH) Yoon’s work in the field of analytical chemistry involves analyzing the influence of each nanoparticle that is also vastly used in our daily products such as makeup and humidifier sterilizers, depending on their size, shape, component, physical or chemical response, and biological influence. His focus is on developing the ACEnano toolbox (Analytical and Characterization Excellence in nanomaterial toolbox), which is an international cooperative research between Korea and the European Union (EU) with the goal of H2020 (Horizon 2020). With the goal of creating a nanomaterial risk assessment tool, he wishes to help companies overcome the different regulatory barriers in each country when exporting their products. “Each country has its own legal and regulatory systems that companies must pass before putting their products out in the market. Most companies do have the capacity to develop high quality and effective products to bring maximum profit, but they don’t have enough capacity nor specialized knowledge in the safety area that ultimately prevents them from entering the market,” said Yoon. ACEnano toolbox development steps (Photo courtesy of Yoon) The project is carried out with ACEnano international consortium, with main members from the EU such as Austria, Germany, and Sweden, as well as partner countries such as Korea, China, and Mexico. The research also involves global equipment and manufacturing companies to add practicality. The developed toolbox will help companies using nanotechnology to minimize any potential harm coming from the nanoparticles on the human body or the environment, hence giving it the name, "safety by design." “The fact that companies will also be able to develop environmentally and physically safe, high quality and effective products and thus have no problems with tough regulations in different countries will allow countries to avoid clashes and lead to continuous exchange,” stated Yoon. According to Yoon, the EU has already started registering all nanomaterials since 2018, and Korea plans to follow its steps in 2023. This creates an opportunity for partial commercialization of the toolbox in just two to three years. He believes that in order to protect the environment from nano-chemical materials and our health from unregulated nano-chemical products, it is definitely crucial for there to be regulations. However, there should also be a global standard that rules out unnecessary and tough regulations that are not based on scientific evidence to also allow companies to be more interactive with their products and their development. “Recently, there have been frequent chemical material accidents that have instigated debate on whether to have tougher regulations or not. However, I don’t think this is a simple black-and-white matter to decide. New technology is always a double-edged sword, and we should look for ways to minimize the negatives and maximize the positives,” said Yoon. Park Joo-hyun julia1114@hanyang.ac.kr

2019-01 28

[General]The Launch of 2019 Student Organizations

The student organizations of Hanyang University have been newly launched, alongside the beginning of the new year. Made up of a total of 12 colleges and 4 divisions, all student organizations on the Seoul Campus have been launched in various forms. The school's student body was elected in the form of an Emergency Planning Committee similar to last year (click to read about last year's EPC), headed by Shin Dong-myeong (Department of Policy, 3rd year), the current president of the College of Policy Science. Four representatives, including Shin, gathered in order to share the background of the constitution of each organization: Pyo Young-eun (Department of Applied Art Education, 3rd year), Heo Yoon-seong (Department of Life Science, 4th year), and On Jung-yun (Division of International Studies, 3rd year). The formation of the Emergency Planning Committee With the formal School Student Council failing to launch this year due to the short turnout of voters, an Emergency Planning Committee had to be, once again, formed following last year. As stated in the school regulations, the vacancy of an elected school president had to be filled by one of the college and division presidents. Elected by a mutual vote among the college and division presidents, Shin was elected as the head of the 47th Emergency Planning Committee with a term until the by-election, which is planned to be held around the end of this March. According to Shin, his main role as the head of the Emergency Planning Committee is to successfully hold the planned by-election, full-scale meetings of student representatives, tuition-deliberation committee, and executive training practice. As Shin does not have the legitimacy that the original school president has, not being elected through a full election, he stated that he would focus on the most basic and crucial issues, rather than spreading oneself too thin. Shin also showed his hopes towards a prepared candidate running for the upcoming by-election, while giving his apologies to the students of the College of Policy Science due to his negligence of duties of his original position as the college president. College of Education The College of Education also had to form an Emergency Planning Committee this year due to the originally elected candidates receding. Pyo, the president of the Department of Applied Art Education, was elected as the head of the committee through a mutual election between the presidents of the six departments that consists the college. As the head of committee, Pyo has been put in a position where she has to lead the college until the by-election, which will be held in March. Currently, her largest role is successfully holding the college’s ‘Orientation for new students ('saeteo’ in Korean).’ It was only after taking the position of the head of the Emergency Planning Committee that Pyo was able to learn the importance of a representative student organization. She explained that the existence of an actual organization that speaks for the students makes a great difference for the actual welfare that they receive during their school life. “Although elected through a mutual election, I will do my full responsibility as the head of the committee, making the vacancy of president unfelt by students of the College of Education,” maintained Pyo. (From left) Pyo Yeong-eun (Department of Applied Art Education, 3rd year), head of the Emergency Planning Committee of the College of Education and Heo Yoon-seong (Department of Life Science, 4th year), head of the Construction Preparation Committee of the College of Natural Sciences, are explaining the formation of each student organization. College of Natural Sciences Due to the College of Natural Sciences having to form an Emergency Planning Committee for two successive years, the college formed a Construction Preparation Committee this year, under the judgement that an official student council would be hard to form if an Emergency Planning Committee was formed for a long period. Heo became the head of the committee with future plans for running for president of the college student council during the by-election in March. According to Heo, the following two are of his top priority: successfully setting down an official student council within the college and recovering the lost trust and welfare students. As for future plans, Heo is planning to organize various programs that meet the needs of the college students, such as book sharing and mentoring programs. Having the main task of setting down an official student council, Heo asserted the responsibility he has as the head of committee. “I believe that I am in an important transitional situation in the College of Natural Sciences. Above all, I will put the recovery of trust between the students and student council as the most prioritized task as both the head of committee and president if I am elected as president through the by-election,” stated Heo. Division of International Studies The Division of the International Studies (DIS) is one of the colleges and divisions to have an officially elected student council. Having worked for the division student council for the past two years, On decided to run for president with the thought of returning the help that she has received during her past school years. Fully aware of the heavy responsibility that the position requires, On stated that she will do her best in making a comfortable environment for the students of the DIS. On also shared her thoughts upon the position of the student council as an organization that not only represents but also helps lead the student-made culture. As for more detailed plans, On is planning to provide an environment in which the students of the DIS can more freely share and pursue their various career paths. A good example would be changing the original Career Development course into one that matches the requirements of students and organizing various study groups or extracurricular activities. She also mentioned how the International Building is currently shared by various students and, thus, needs to make a notice board for the DIS students that would help them become updated with important information. As the president of the DIS, On shared her hopes towards making a division that the students have a sense of belonging and can be fully proud of. On Jung-yun (Division of International Studies, 3rd year), the president of the DIS, is explaning her plans of leading this year's DIS student council. Although the four students are all put in different situations, there is no doubt that they are all taking the full responsibility of their current positions. They also all agreed upon the importance of a fully operative student organization that speaks for the students and helps provide them with a more colorful school life. With each and every student organization working for the enhanced benefits of the students of Hanyang, all four showed their determination towards fulfilling their tasks as a representative of each division. Choi Seo-yong tjdyd1@hanyang.ac.kr Photos by Kang Cho-hyun

2019-01 28

[General]The 2019 Book Concert for Freshmen at ERICA Campus

Book Concerts for freshmen admitted to Hanyang University have been held since 2016, and this year’s 4th event took place on the 23rd of January. The first 200 students who signed up for this event through the ERICA Academic Information Center and Library and who qualified as being admitted to the school through early admissions were invited. The purpose of holding book concerts is to motivate freshmen to read, and to inform them about the school library to help them become familiar to an institution that may take up the most important role throughout college life. The 2019 Book Concert for the freshmen of Hanyang University was held at the theater in the Student Union Building, ERICA Campus. Students received an eco-bag and a book by Seo Min titled, “Diary Rather Than Rice.” A student is reading the book that he just received. A brief introduction by the dean of students is taking place. After performing several songs, students from the Department of Applied Music are sharing their college life experiences with freshmen students. “I was impressed by the part when the seniors recommended the perfect restaurant to go on a date if you are a CC (campus couple)," said Lee Heon-ji from Gunpo High School, a freshman majoring in Software Technology. “I heard that professor Seo Min, who is well known for his expertise in parasitology was coming, so my interest in biology led me to join this program," said Lee Seon-yong from Gimcheon High school, a freshman in the Department of Marine Science and Convergence Engineering. Those who first signed up for the event, or arrived first, received prizes such as a laptop pouch, an external hard disk and a supplementary battery. Others were chosen by drawing. A brief book talk session was held that consisted of Lee Go-eun, the announcer, asking some questions to the freshmen who may be curious about professor Seo. While writing is a major concern for many college students, Seo offered a tip that to write better is to write a little every single day. Professor Seo advised students to read a variety of books instead of reading one book repeatedly in order to find “your own book.” “You can be a great person if you write in your diary every day until you graduate university,” Seo said, filling the theater with laughter. Then professor Seo gave a presentation about why it is important to write diaries. Seo emphasized that there will be times when writing is unavoidable, whether it is a resume or a test. Writing on a regular basis can help deliver one's opinion better. He also stressed that writings from the general public diversify materials of drama and movies. As an example, he talked about The Devil Wears Prada, which is a novel based on an ordinary woman’s experience as an assistant for a Vogue editor-in-chief. “Materials for books, dramas, or movies all come from our own experiences, which is why we need ordinary people to write--for the sake of variety in materials.” Seo explained the importance of writing in diaries using many relatable and humorous reasons that students could easily understand and sympathize with. According to professor Seo, writing has the power of self-objectification. When watching soccer games, the audience is able to look at the whole picture, and, therefore, find it easy to criticize soccer players, while the players only look at the ball in front of them. Writing, in this sense, gives you the strength to reflect on yourself. Students are given time to ask professor Seo questions after the presentation. An introduction of the ERICA Academic Information Center and Library was given as the last number of the program. The 2019 Book Concert for freshmen at Hanyang University was a huge success in welcoming students to the school, as well as to introducing them to the world of reading and writing. During the entire program, students were laughing and listening carefully at the same time. With the big encouragement from the ERICA Academic Information Center and Library and from the author and professor Seo Min, students learned the importance of writing in diaries on a daily basis, and how to use the school library, where all the reading starts. A note said by Seo that students could take home was, “write in your diary with the heart of a gazelle being chased by a cheetah.” Kim Hyun-soo soosoupkimmy@hanyang.ac.kr Photos by Lee Jin-myung

2019-01 28

[General]Newspaper Through Professor - 'Taxi’ vs ‘Kakao Carpool’

On December 10th, 2018, followed by January 9th, 2019, two taxi drivers killed themselves by setting themselves on fire. It was their strong stand against Kakao’s implementation of the carpool service, and a forewarning of aggravating conflict between the taxi industry and Kakao Mobility (a subsidiary of Kakao, a South Korean internet company). Professor Kang Kyung-woo (Department of Transportation Engineering) shared his view on this controversial social issue. Professor Kang Kyung-woo (Department of Transportation Engineering) shared his insight of the current state of the conflict, the reason behind it, and a suggested solution. The current situation: taxi industry vs Kakao carpool Kakao T Carpool is a new service recently introduced by Kakao Mobility. The app connects the drivers and the users needing a ride, and who have the same destination. Its service seemed to propose many advantages: Traffic congestion is solved. Drivers can make extra money. Users can use the service for a cheaper price than a taxi, and Kakao takes brokerage. All seemed fine until a conflict arose when taxi drivers revolted against it, claiming that the service was extorting their jobs. “The current law states that any private rental of transportation with a charge is illegal but allows carpool during busy commuting times. The problem is, this ‘commuting time’ has not been specified,” pinpointed Kang. According to the taxi industry, this vague definition of 'commuting time' allows the carpool business to run 24 hours, significantly menacing the taxi drivers’ ‘right to live.’ Kakao opposes, claiming that the service is not at all against the law for every user has a different commuting time. Also, they argue that it does not severely affect the taxi industry because carpool drivers’ service is restricted to two times a day. The taxi industry refutes this claim by saying that there is no way of knowing whether a driver has used the service more than twice or not. The tense deadlock manifested itself into three strikes of taxi drivers since October and two tragic deaths. Without a solution, Kakao has currently postponed the official launch of the app. A taxi driver is shouting for a revision of the carpool law. (Photo courtesy of Reuters) What caused the conflict?--Kang's perspective The reason behind the taxi driver's furious reaction, as Kang diagnosed, is the economy. As he analyzed, taxi drivers were already suffering from low income, which means losing their jobs to the carpool service seemed fatal to their living. In addition, there is also an issue regarding the cost of their taxi driver’s license. Selling and buying of a taxi driver’s license used to be around 100 to 120 million won. However, after the implementation of the carpool service, even those without a taxi driver’s license can get paid from the passengers, and the license is now only worth around 80 million won. Kang forecasts that it could ultimately cost nothing if the carpool service becomes more popular. After three months since the beginning of the conflict, both sides are still struggling to find the middle grouund. Kang says it is time for the government to intervene with a mediated settlement. "Kakao should provide the taxi drivers with some financial aid, such as offering a portion of the profit that comes from carpool service," says Kang. "The government, hand in hand with Kakao and the taxi industry, needs to find a middle ground and set a specific rule to support the taxi industry." Lim Ji-woo il04131@hanyang.ac.kr Photos by Lee Jin-myung

2019-01 22

[General]Hanyang Establishes a Graduate School Department Devoted to Blockchain

It is a transition period we are living in; terms like the ‘Fourth Industrial Revolution’, ‘artificial intelligence’, and ‘Blockchain’ are all new, but all the while familiar, and they seem to be undoubtedly important as we near the future. Most notably, the Blockchain syndrome is sweeping over universities. Hanyang also recently founded the Department of Blockchain Computing and Cryptoeconomics, recruiting its first new students last month. The Department of Blockchain Computing and Cryptoeconomics recruited its first new students from December 21st to the 27th. (Photo courtesy of Department of Blockchain Computing and Cryptoeconomics) This graduate school aims to train students particularly in the fields of Blockchain and cryptocurrency. In order to graduate, students are to take classes for a total of 26 credits during the period of four semesters. 20 professors from various different majors, such as the College of Engineering, College of Business, the Graduate School of Law, and the College of Medicine will lead these classes. A particular thing about the major is that they offer two major tracks for courses in education: the technology track and business track. Classes for the technology track focus on the technological aspects of Blockchain, such as in programming and coding. Classes for the business track focus on the business studies including FinTech marketing and business start-up. Students are welcome to choose classes of any track that suit their needs to build on their career. The recruitment of this newly-founded department was held from December 21st to the 27th. The entrance examination consisted of an application evaluation and interviews. A member of the College of Engineering Administration Team 5, Ha Dong-wan, explained, “in order to assess students’ abilities from multiple dimensions, we assess not only their grades and research plan, but also their work experience, corporate philanthropic activities, and various other data.” Following the foundation of Blockchain laboratory in September, Hanyang’s establishment of the Department of Blockchain Computing and Cryptoeconomics directly reflects the amount of promising attention the field is receiving. “Blockchain is expected to play a central role in this future industry,” says Ha. “Hanyang University, with the foundation of the department, anticipates facilitating these related studies and pave the road for future Blockchain experts." Lim Ji-woo il04131@hanyang.ac.kr

2019-01 22

[General]The Returning "Fossil" Students

The sensitivity to age not only constructs the basic hierarchical structure of Korean society but also engenders comical situations like calling older students fossils. Accentuating the fact that a student is old enough to be a fossil or ammonite, or even worse, petroleum extracted from the fossil, the supposedly good-natured banter usually applies to juniors, seniors, and returning students who have taken a break from school for various reasons. This interesting culture unique to Korea has generated numerous heartbreaking yet hilarious stories about the daily lives of the “fossil-seonbaes” (seniors). Kim Byeong-gil (Department of Applied Art Education, 2nd year) and Kim Chun-woo (Department of International Studies, 3rd year), are happily sharing their experiences as a returning student. Back from the army and off to a new start Kim Byeong-gil (Department of Applied Art Education, 2nd year), successfully finished his first semester as a returning student. Although he just finished his sophomore year, he had taken three years off from school to travel, obtain experience, and serve in the military. The first thing he noticed was how different the campus culture was. “I felt like I was reborn as a freshman. People were more sensitive about the whole drinking culture and everyone, especially the hubaes (juniors), seemed to be very passionate about their studies. It really motivated me as well, and luckily, I was able to achieve the highest marks I’ve ever received throughout my school years. I’ve also found my new passion for this industry and wish to work in the design sector for art museums upon graduation,” said Kim. Kim (Department of Applied Art Education, 2nd year) also found his new passion for drawing and design. He works for a hat shopping mall and is in charge of their website. According to Kim, he had heard many stories about how students returning from the army lived sorrowful lives, studying alone and eating pickleless kimbap while hiding in a bathroom stall. However, while Kim’s daily schedule was kept simple, it did not involve any of the fearful rumors told by many of his seonbaes. “I usually wake up, go to school, go to a café or to the library to work on my projects, and come home by ten. I think the image of the returning student really depends on how they act after they’ve started their semester. The extra experience and age can become a merit if used wisely, and I definitely try my best. I don’t think I’ve fully adapted to my new lifestyle as a student, but my New Year’s resolution is to focus on my school projects and to have fun.” Coming back home from a “thug-life” Kim Chun-woo (Department of International Studies, 3rd year), who just returned from studying at Virginia Tech University in America, was one of the top students in his major, yet he still wanted to feel sense of freedom in a different environment. As a result, Kim chose Virginia Tech because his cousins had graduated from that school. “Being an exchange student was one of the best experiences I’ve had. America was truly the land of freedom. Even their night life was vigorous, and it seemed like most students there were living the true definition of a “thug-life.” I lived my own version of a thug-life by working out and hanging out with my friends untill five in the morning, doing the very minimum in group projects, and so on,” said Kim. Kim Chun-woo (Department of International Studies, 3rd year) is making a hand-sign symbolizing Virginia Tech University. The first thing that Kim noticed after returning to Korea was the air quality difference. He reminisced how he could eat snowflakes in the States while assuming he would be poisoned upon his attempt to do so here. However, he was quite joyful about the news that a famous Korean actress would be enrolling at HYU as a freshman. “I look forward to my remaining semesters here in HYU. One of my happiest memories about this school is running around the campus and screaming with my friends. We weren’t even drunk, but it was just crazy and fun. We even created a song together, and I am certain that we will continue our friendship even after graduation. This school means a lot to me, and I hope that I can now focus on being true to myself, building relationships with professors and friends regardless of our age. After graduation, I plan on working in the entertainment industry as a producer.” Travelling never ends Kim Min-seok (School of Business, 4th year) also just finished his first semester upon returning from his long travel. Like many others, Kim also wanted to break away from the load of responsibilities and expectations. His wished to do so before the end of his twenties which led him to fly off to Peru in October of 2017. From then on, he travelled to Bolivia, Chile, Argentina, and Brazil for about four months. “The most impactful place for me was at Arequipa, Peru. I went on a tour for two nights and three days at Colca Canyon, which is the worlds’ second deepest canyon, twice the depth of the renowned Grand Canyon. There was a very kind, elderly couple in their 70s who always fell behind the group due to their age and health, but they never gave up. The day we finished the tour and successfully climbed back up the canyon, they hugged each other and cried. I would never forget that moment.” Kim Min-seok (School of Business, 4th year) during his long travels (Photo courtesy of Kim) Kim’s life while travelling was so mentally fulfilling that he was actually afraid that he would dread his life back in Korea. However, he realized that had gained the courage to willfully detach himself from the heavy stress of responsibilities and expectations. “I decided that my life in Korea is a continuation of my travels, instead of thinking that I am back to a gloomy reality. Someone had told me that you gain the most when you travel with a free mind. I did have the opportunity to learn and heal a lot as a person. My new goal is to travel again to Africa before my 20s ends.” Kim and the elderly couple after the Colca Canyon tour (Photo courtesy of Kim) Park Joo-hyun julia1114@hanyang.ac.kr Photos by Kang Cho-hyun

2019-01 21

[General]The Re-release of the Musical ‘The Cold-Heart’

The musical, ‘The Cold-Heart,’ directed by Professor Yoo Hwa-jung (Department of Voice), is planned to be held at the Seongdong Foundation for Arts and Culture from this January 25th to February 3rd. Supported by the Ministry of Education, the National Research Foundation of Korea, and the Hanyang University LINC+ Business Center, the musical is being re-released due to the fervent response that it received back in 2017. The Cold-Heart (Das Kalte Herz) Based on the original German novel, Das Kalte Herz (The Cold-Heart, 1927), the musical provides the same message that the novel did 200 years ago, applying that message to the problems that have occurred in the current capitalist society. The question of ‘what are the true values of our life?’ penetrates throughout the whole musical and novel, giving their viewers something to think about, especially against the materialistic values that many hold in the contemporary world. According to Yoo, during the dramatization process, additional details were added to the musical in order to target a wider audience. Professor Yoo Hwa-jeong (Department of Voice), the director of 'The Cold-Voice', is explaining the main theme and message that the original novel and dramatized musical provides. The musical starts the same as in the novel with Peter selling his heart to the evil giant Michelle in exchange for an infinite amount of gold. This results in Peter lacking the ability to sympathize with others, becoming a cold figure that prioritizes materialistic values only. The main plot builds itself on this situation with Peter’s efforts of finding his heart from Michelle and discovering the true values of life. Although the musical and novel do share the main theme, several differing details eventually lead them to come to a different conclusion, which is also something for the viewers to look forward to. The process of production The musical was originally held in 2017, as a product of the Department of Theater and Film’s Graduate School workshop. Yoo directed the musical during her Master’s degree in Theater Directing, being successfully able to converge it with her original knowledge of music during the directing process. The whole music list, consisted of 25 songs, was composed by Jeong Seung-yeon (College of Music, Master’s Degree), setting a fine example of a successful collaboration between the two departments. First staged only within the school theater last year, the strong requests towards its re-release have enabled it to be held outside of school boundaries. The actors of 'The Cold-Heart', consisting of students from the Department of Theater and Film, are practicing scenes from the musical. Being decided to be held at the Seongdong Foundation for Arts and Culutre (SFAC), which has conducted an MOU with Hanyang University, the musical had to go through several revisions. As a start, the technical staff members were replaced with professionals who graduated from Hanyang and are currently active in the actual field. Only the actors, out of the total staff, are formed from students, chosen based upon a nominated audition conducted by Yoo herself. Following a hard-working process of preparation, the musical is finally ready to be staged from the 25th. “The musical is well dramatized to make the best of every one of the starring characters, alongside its strong tunable features. The plot itself was also revised with additional themes that target all viewers that are over 12 years old,” explained Yoo during the interview. The SFAC and Yoo have agreed to provide tickets to the residents of the Seongdong district and members of Hanyang at a discounted price of 5000 won in order to promote their enjoyment of cultural life. Tickets can be reserved both on the SFAC website and Inter-Park. (Link to the ticket reservation page) Choi Seo-yong tjdyd1@hanyang.ac.kr Photos by Park Guen-hyung