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2017-07 16

[Event]International Invitation from Hanyang University- HISS

A month long, annually held exchange student program HISS (Hanyang International Summer School) welcomed the foreign students from all over the world on July 1st. HISS has met its 20th anniversary with nearly 2,000 international students in the program, which initially began in 1997 with 20 students. Standing out in all South Korean universities with the highest number of foreign participants, HISS of 2017 has drew up its curtain. The first culture experience program of Week 1 at HISS has been successfully ended. (Photo courtesy of the OIA) Catching two birds with one stone HISS has two goals to achieve for the provided month- academics and Korean cultural programs. Within only four weeks, it may seem hard to provide both educational and cultural programs to 2,000 foreign students. However, OIA (Office of International Affairs) of Hanyang University (HYU) has efficiently divided the academic workload and cultural experience program through subtle time management. “OIA has frequently established more lectures during the HISS which count up to 120 now. Also, enhancing the quality of the classes provided by HYU is another primary mission of ours,” said Angie Lee of the OIA. It included about 120 lectures on engineering, literature, international studies, and more. Weekly cultural programs for the exchange students are also planned by the OIA. On week 1, foreign students who were interested in Korean music, especially K-Pop, had a visit to the SM Town, which is a musical tourist site sponsored by SM Entertainment. On the second week, a friendship party was held on a cruise floating from Yeouido to Jamsil Han River Parks. Later on, OIA planned to escort the foreign students to an amusement park called Everland and a waterpark Carribbean Bay. Their last activity will be held at the Boryeong Mud Festival. Exchange students are enjoying their second activity of the HISS on the cruise. Students are smiling after experiencing various programs provided at the Cruise Party. The highlight of all activities was the cruise party, which News H accompanied with. The party took about two hours where students could enjoy the band performance, special foods, and the beautiful night view of the Han River. “This is my first time staying in Korea, and in Asia. I am enjoying the active atmosphere of Koreans and their unique culture. I’m also looking forward to the HISS programs every weekend,” said Elias El Araj from Netherlands. Also, Mika Auyezkhan from Kazakhstan showed her love for the Korean culture- “I was always interested in Korean culture and I am glad that I chose Hanyang University because it let me experience a lot in South Korea. I also love how they have solid educational structure.” Mountain to surmount Behind the delightful programs of the HISS, there are three OIA staffs and other volunteers who support the whole program. “As the number of participants is increasing every year, it becomes harder for us to manage all students’ circumstances like health. We already had a few visits to hospital with our students,” laughed Rick Punt of OIA. However, despite the augmenting size of the HISS program, OIA and HYU volunteers are paying careful attention to the students to prevent any accidents. “We are still proud that Lee, Punt, and I are leading the HISS, even though our July in calendar disappears completely,” said Min-joo Park of the OIA. “Without love for the HISS, I don’t think the program can be so successful. As we recap all students’ overall thoughts and reviews, we will constantly strive for the better HISS every year,” added Lee. Friendship between Korean volunteers of HYU and foreign students from the globe has become stronger through various activities. Aside from the internal difficulties, external factors such as international circumstances and the state of affairs also impact the HISS. “This year, students from the United States dwindled due to the recent North Korean crisis. However, number of Singaporean and Kazakh students augmented due to the increasing interests in the Korean culture,” said Punt. HISS, where unforeseeable and urgent situations sometimes take place, still remains as one of the best exchange program in South Korea due to the efforts people at the backstage put in. Kim Ju-hyun kimster9421@hanyang.ac.kr Photos by Choi Min-ju

2017-07 04

[Academics]Ground Breaking Advancement in Medical Magnetic Robot

The era of robots wandering inside a human body for medical treatments is about to face our generation. Though the research is still in the process of developing magnetic fields and improving robots, the actual application of the medical robots is expected to occur in a decade. In his research “Magnetic Navigation System Utilizing Resonant Effect to Enhance Magnetic Field Applied to Magnetic Robots,” professor Jang Gun-hee of the Department of Mechanical Engineering proposes the improvement of the magnetic navigation system (MNS) via RLC (stands for resistor, inductor, and capacitor) circuit in the hope of its medical application. Generation of strong magnetic fields in high frequency When doctors treat for blood vessels related illness like coronary artery diseases or have to execute endoscopic surgeries, they often use catheters (thin tube made from medical grade materials) controlled by their hands and medical, empirical sensations. However, these catheters don’t have the sufficient controllability for the physicians due to their long, flexible wires. “The main point of this research was to minimize the surgical errors that these catheters may incur. So, we decided to make magnetic robots that are microscopic enough to wander inside our vessels,” said Jang. The types of robots currently in technical development are various- fish type robots, wobby-like robots, swimming robots, helical robots, and more. However, the magnetic robots especially intrigue the academia. “Compressed springs inside the robot will spread out, enhancing its drilling capability inside the vessels, which its movements will be guided by the magnetic system. Improvements in this MNS are significantly vital, as every mechanical motion of the magnetic robots is proportional to the external magnetic field,” emphasized Jang. Jang has been working on the magnetic navigation system research for about 12 years, which currently resulted in the torque magnetic field on the right. Through the experiments to unclog the blocked area of tubular environments, Jang and his students researched on a novel MNS with the resonant effect of the RLC circuit. “Simply saying, these robots with the MNS have magnets. When the north pole of the magnet approaches another north pole, it will push, and vice versa in the case of the south pole. This is the simplistic picture of how the magnetic robots and the MNS are working,” said Jang. Advancement to this fundamental phenomenon, Jang refers to the "closed right hand rule" (Ampere Law that relates the net magnetic field along a closed loop to the electric current passing through the loop) to explain his research. “In our newly developed MNS, inside the diameter of 50 centimeters wide spherical environment, we can create and control strong magnetic field in any direction which eventually generates useful various mechanical motions of the magnetic robots,” highlighted Jang. Another unconventional discovery of Jang’s research is the application of resonant frequency in the RLC circuit to amplify the magnetic field of the robot. RLC stands for resistance, inductance, and capacitance which all are in the influential relationships in science. When the alternating voltage is increased, the resistance should be divided to flow the current. However, as the alternating frequency of voltage increases, the current decreases due to the inductance of the coil. “We eliminate the effect of inductance with the application of varying capacitance that leads to maximizing the current and the magnetic field in high frequency,” explained Jang. This phenomenon was able to generate fast drilling motion of the magnetic robot to unclog the blocked area of blood vessels. Furthermore, application of the MNS developed a crawling robot that can also deliver drugs into a human body, which Hanyang University gained its international patent of. (Video courtesy of Jang) Hopes for the scientific improvement It has been a decade since Jang has been working on this magnetic robot research. The beginning of all dates back to when his mother was hospitalized due to her coronary artery disease in the heart. “The doctor told me that the illness is genetic and I may also be in danger. So, I thought that rather than believing in the doctor’s hand and the catheter, I should believe in science to develop this surgical methodology and first test on me,” said Jang. During the several years that Jang has been working with his students, he also began to long for fostering his students and their success. “I was always interested in the concept of a motor since I was young. This academic desire eventually led me to become a scholar, but since I became a professor of many students and a father of two daughters, I began to be intrigued to their life-long academic achievements,” reminisced Jang. Ph.D students of the Department of Mechanical Engineering- Lee Won-seo (left) and Nam Jae-kwang (right), also participated in the research with their professor Jang. It is estimated that after more technical amendments of this mechanical robot, it will be capable of testing on animals, and then applied to human surgeries, which will take about a decade. During this journey to scientific achievements, Jang realized that efforts are what science really value. “Just like my students who endeavored all their desires to science to leap higher, I hope that the South Korean scientific academia will also hope for the brighter future,” reminded Jang. Kim Ju-hyun kimster9421@hanyang.ac.kr Photos by Kim Youn-soo

2017-07 03

[Event]Hanyang University, Korea’s Largest International Summer School

Hanyang University will hold the entrance ceremony of Korea's largest International Summer School on July 3rd at Seoul Campus Paiknam Music Hall in Seongdong-gu, Seoul. Approximately 2,000 students, including 1,690 international students from 54 countries, participate in this international summer school. The number of overseas college students participating at Hanyang Summer School is at a minimum 100 to the maximum of 1000 more students than the other major universities in Korea. The International Summer School, which will be held for four weeks until the 28th of next month, will invite 32 foreign and 22 domestic faculties from all fields, such as humanities, business, and natural sciences, for high-quality education. In addition, Hanyang International Summer School have organized various events such as Han River cruise party, Nanta performance, Boryeong mud festival, water park visit, and entertainment agency tour to make foreign students feel Korean culture. "We will do our best so that foreign students can make a good impression on Korea and come back again through this international summer school," said Shin Seung-kuk, head of International Affairs Team at Hanyang University.

2017-07 03

[Performance]Participant of the Korea-United Nations Development Programme

Hanyang University’s Institute for Health and Society (IHA), formerly called as Institute for Community Health, is a research center that practices comprehensive study regarding public health issues in general. Established in Jan. 1st, 1998, it consists of the Center for Mind-Body Research (focusing on specific diseases and their exposures, including mental health), the Center for Community Health Research (studying health promotion, development of healthy community, workforce and policies), and the Center for Transnational Health Research (focusing on global public health). IHA was previously selected and worked as the participant of Korea-United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) / United Nations Office for South- South Cooperation (UNOSSC) Cooperation program Phase 1. Recently, IHA was again chosen for Phase 2 from 2017 to 2019 due to its exemplary performance. Dr. Lee Eun-young, the research professor of the center who took responsibility of the center's project of the program, kindly explained about its work in Phase 1, called the ‘Healthy Schools Development Project 1’, and its future plans for Phase 2. Improving the health and environment of developing nations Dr. Lee of Institute for Health and Society. The Korea-UNDP/UNOSSC Cooperation Program is a project aimed to improve the capabilities of developing countries led by UNDP with Ministry of Education, and Ministry of Science and Technology of the Republic of Korea in Phase 1, and Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning in Phase 2. Its goal is to identify each nation's problems in the areas of education, science, technology, and ICT, and to seek their solutions in order to lower the country's poverty level. The two phases of the program have some dissimilarities due to the different ministries that took responsibility. In the first phase, each institute worked individually in separate countries. IHA focused on improving school health of Laos, Nepal, Mongolia, and Sri Lanka. The latter stage’s obligation was that the institutes should cooperate with each other and develop the school health and environment of Indonesia and Cambodia. The reason to the application to the Korea-UNDP/UNOSSC Cooperation Program of IHA traces back to its former project. It was held in Yangpyeong-gun, Gyeonggi-do with the goal of improving the health of local residents, students, and educational faculty, centered around schools. It showed how changing the perspectives of the public officials can lead to improved health of the students in schools with decreasing number of students and lacking resources. Dr. Lee decided to take part in the Korea-UNDP/UNOSSC Cooperation Program with the anticipation that similar project might also work in the developing countries as well. Teaching to fish, instead of giving one What differed from other institutes in Phase 1 was that IHA did not give out specific plans in advance to the schools. “What we tried to do is to give the schools the strength to develop their facilities or environment by themselves,” Dr. Lee said. This was done by giving opportunity to the schools to find out the problems and carry out their plans to solve them, by conducting surveys and letting them to assess and prioritize important health issues from the results. According to Dr. Lee, persuading the school’s staff members including the principal and the teachers, about the importance of health was the difficult part. However, once persuaded, the school’s staff was passionate to alleviate the quality of school health in their own ways. Dr. Lee is explaining about the stories of the schools she had experienced and helped to change during 'Healthy Schools Development Project 1'. Mongolia had a severe problem of tooth decay, due to the culture of treating their guests with assortments of sweets. The teachers and the principal of Darkhan’s School No.9 tackled the issue by making educational materials for students, and meeting local dentists in person to ask them to give their students check-ups. In addition, even though Mongolia’s schools have a school nurse and health education teachers, there was no standardized textbook for teaching. So the school teachers came up with a supplement textbook for hygiene and sanitation, allowing for some uniformity in education. In Nepal, menstruation periods of female students made them to skip schools due to the lack of disposable sanitary pads and proper treatments. During the process of IHA’s project, the principal and the teachers of Basu Higher Secondary School decided to make the pads out of fabric together with the students, listening to their stories of hardships at the same time. The results were worthwhile, leading to higher attendance with no hygiene or cost issues in the process. Now Dr. Lee and IHA is preparing for ‘Healthy Schools Development Project 2’. The project is incorporating water purification technology of Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST) to schools. Simultaneously, the Canaan Global Leadership Center and Sookmyung Women’s University are working for improving income with farmers who are living around the schools. “We believe that cooperating with other institutes matches with our research philosophy and will amplify our scope of research,” Dr. Lee said. IHA participated in the first workshop for ‘Programme for Capacity Development for Poverty Reduction through South-South and Triangular Cooperation in Science and Technology’ in Cambodia on June 12th and going to join the same workshop in Indonesia. Jang Soo-hyun luxkari@hanyang.ac.kr Photos by Choi Min-ju

2017-06 26

[Academics]Assessing the Effectiveness of Global Marketing Strategies

Professor Kim Bo-young of the Department of Business has been nominated as the researcher of the week for her active research in the field of international business and marketing. In her paper, “Assessment of the Economic Benefits from US Meat Export Federation’s (USMEF) Marketing Investment in South Korea”, Kim explains how controllable economic factors such as marketing expenditure can have substantial impact on enhancing international trade and business. A photo of Professor Kim (Photo couresy of Kim) More specifically, this research aims to estimate the economic impacts of USMEF marketing investment for commodity on US beef in South Korea. An econometric framework has been developed to assess the effectiveness of USMEF’s marketing strategies and promotional programs in South Korea, by developing an import demand model for US beef and eliciting Benefit-Cost-Ratio (BCR) of USMEF’s promotion investment. From this analysis, 1) the relationships between selected uncontrollable and controllable economic variables and the US beef demand in South Korea are assessed, and 2) with BCR simulation analysis, the return on promotion investment (ROI) of USMEF is derived. In the first stage, the baseline scenario was constructed with the estimated import demand which is set to historical level (i.e.100%) of marketing expenditure, then compared with a counterfactual scenario, where marketing expenditure was hypothetically reduced by 75% below the historical level. The difference between the two scenarios implies the impact of reduction in marketing investment. Hypothetically, 75% reduction in USMEF marketing investment would have decreased US beef import in South Korea, a possible reduction of 20.68% in US beef import demand. (Photo courtesy of Kim) In the second stage, BCR is calculated (i.e.). is the benefit of USMEF promotion investment (i.e. the additional net revenue of US beef due to increased export volume & export price), and is the cost of USMEF promotion investment (i.e. the sum of the various marketing costs). Using this BCR calculation approach, 9 simulated scenarios are generated, which suggest BCRs for US beef with USMEF promotion investments over nine different market and supply conditions. The graph above shows a caculation of BCR. (Photo courtesy of Kim) The study results show that increase in USMEF promotion investment had a significant and positive impact on the net revenue of US beef export to Korea over the period of 2007-2013. The estimates of BCRs ranged from 2.20 to 9.66 under 9 different market scenarios, indicating that on the average, the benefits of USMEF promotion is greater than the cost of USMEF promotion for all 9 scenarios. For example, 9.66 for BCR imply that the benefit of USMEF promotion is 9.66 times greater than the cost. In translation, under the 10% net margin scenario, every dollar invested in USMEF promotion to Korea market generated a return of U$9.66 at most. The incremental benefits for US beef (i.e. additional net revenue) range from U$15.73 million (=10 & =3%) to U$69.95 million (=2 & =10%). Thus, there are substantial returns on USMEF promotion investment. When it comes to international trade of commodity products, there are varying degrees of control over factors that affect their economic benefits in the foreign market. Exchange rates, the price of substitutes, income growth in importing country are some examples of uncontrollable variables affecting commodity exporters. Nonetheless, the study results suggest that there is convincing evidence of commodity promotion expenditure in foreign market, exerting a significant positive influence on the commodity import demand. Thus, promotion investment by international marketing agency can be viewed as an important controllable variable for successful export of commodity. Korean commodity exporters may need to take this as a lesson in developing their export marketing strategies in the future. Currently, Kim is in charge of the Korea Institute of Sustainable Economy (KISE) and her research team is conducting Korea-Japan-China triad comparative analysis on the Omni channel marketing and retailing. By using corporate big data and survey, she is exploring the optimal development of the Omni channel in retail markets in Korea, Japan and China. Kim plans to expand her studies on consumer analytics and international business/data analytics for better understanding of rapidly evolving global retail markets. Yun Ji-hyun uni27@hanyang.ac.kr

2017-06 25

[General]2017 Global Business Startup Idea Hackathon

On June 21st, 2017, the Global Business Startup Idea Hackathon was held in the HIT building, hosted by National IT Industry Promotion Agency and the Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning. The competition was open to anyone interested in business startups, ranging from students at Hanyang University (HYU) to high school students. Around 150 participants entered the competition and 15 teams formed through the idea-sharing process. About 40% of the participants were foreign students from 16 different countries. Diverse types of events had provided for the participants. A 'Talk Concert Session' was held, where alumni entrepreneurs of HYU gave speeches about their success and how they became successful. During break, souvenirs were handed out and prizes were made available through a lottery to keep the participants focused. Ideas to change the world The basic goal of the event was to spread the passion of global business startups, which was why the topic of this event has been “to find the right business item based on a certain country”. Since most of the teams consisted of at least one or more foreigners (in some, most of the group members have been foreigners), there had been some language barriers as well. “We are communicating in three different languages and I am a little overwhelmed right now,” said Angela Baumann (Department of Accounting, 3rd year). Angela and her teammates are enjoying the competition. Business ideas were mostly related to China due to its large target population and a lot of participants had come from China as well. Some teams however, decided to target Korea. Ahmed Al-Anesi, who came from Yemen and currently enrolling at HYU for an MBA, had come up with the idea of linking foreign students who have lived for a while in Korea with foreign tourists, since it is hard for tourists to see the untranslated parts of Korea. “There’s more fun in the unknown areas of Korea and since a lot of us have lived here for three to four years, it would be better for tourists to match themselves with us who know the city more,” explained Anesi. Ideas that have been accumulated and refined over a period of time were highly appreciated during the assessment session. “We do realize that it was a short period of time to put together the ideas of six to seven different people. Some teams had developed their ideas for a longer period of time and we could tell the difference,” said Choi. The winner of the event was team 'Class China', which put forward the idea of developing a language lab on YouTube. “It was a privilege to meet my teammates through this contest and I will work hard to become an entrepreneur who makes Hanyang proud,” said Jung Chang-hee (Korean Language & Literature, ’16). Kang and his teammates are discussing their startup idea. Winners of the Hackathon gathered to take a group picture. With these brilliant ideas roaming around, it would be a great experience for those who are interested in business startups to participate in these contests to learn more about how startups are planned and set up, getting to know people from other fields in the process. Kim Seung-jun nzdave94@hanyang.ac.kr Photos by Choi Min-ju

2017-06 22

[Event]Hanyang University Invites Ambassador of Kenya to Korea

Hanyang University Institute for Euro African Studies is to hold a colloquium on 'the way to advance into the Kenyan market to diversify exports.' Ambassador Mohamed Gello will be speaking at this event as an honored guest, which will take place at 3pm, June 22 at the College of Social Sciences Buidling #415, Seoul Campus.

2017-06 18

[Academics]Precise Diesel Engine Control in Action

Professor Sunwoo Myoung-ho of the Department of Automotive Engineering is an expert in the field of internal combustion engines and serves as a director at ACE lab. His paper, “Simplified Decoupler-Based Multivariable Controller with a Gain Scheduling Strategy for the Exhaust Gas Recirculation and Variable Geometry Turbocharger Systems in Diesel Engines,” discusses a novel method of applying a new control strategy in order to reduce the emission of nitroxide in diesel engines. Sunwoo explains precise diesel engine control and how it works. One critical disadvantage of diesel engine is that after the combustion, nitroxide is produced along with carbon monoxide and hydrocarbon and other chemicals. Once nitroxide meets water, it becomes nitrite hydrate (H2NO3) which could cause asthma and other bronchial diseases. There are two solutions that could be suggested to reducing nitroxide. First, is to control the engine in an extremely precise method, and, second, is to use catalyst to reduce nitroxide. One certain benefit that could arise from Sunwoo’s studies is that it makes diesel engines more of a “green car” in addition to being fuel efficient. As the production of nitroxide level gets significantly lower, it results in improvement of air pollution, less bronchial diseases for people and reduction of exhaust fume as well. Sunwoo has been researching on clean diesel, which focuses on making the diesel engines much cleaner and greener, for decades . Another program that Sunwoo, along with Hyundai Motor Company, has been focusing on for the past five years is meeting the Euro 7 standards. Euro 7 is the regulation of exhaust gases which is expected to go into effective in 2019. The draft for meeting the regulations has been produced so far. Sunwoo is planning to produce the cleanest internal combustion engine possible. "Think different, and act different." Sunwoo has provided some valuable advice for Hanyang students: “Find what you like the most. This is the primary mission of college life. Make your career different from others. This is the most important mission of all. Finally, never give up and do your best.” Kim Seung-jun nzdave94@hanyang.ac.kr Photos by Kim Youn-soo

2017-06 12

[Student]Collective Intelligence Kicks In

“Two heads are better than one” is a phrase often used to describe a situation where a task is better carried when more than one person is involved. While some people prefer to study alone and concentrate to the full, others like to study in a group and exchange mutual help. The Smart Learning and Learning Center is running a 'Global Learning Community' program that supports community learning activities and cultural experience activities for major courses since 2014. The program, which allows 4 to 6 team members to study as well as cultural exchanges, is paid up to 500,000 won. We are actively conducting this semester, and we have looked into the Global Learning Community 7 activity, which is about a week before the final evaluation. Consistent and diligent studying Lee Ji-yeon, the principal researcher, is overseeing the overall progress. The global learning community is a program developed to develop creative learning methods and improve communication and collaboration skills through self-directed, community learning. It is also possible to develop global communication skills through exchange of learning and cultural exchange with foreign students. At the beginning of each semester, a team member who submits a detailed application plan will be selected by the Smart Teaching and Learning Center. Most students who apply for team are required to work with students who attend classes in the same major, but international students who are having difficulties in studying their major or those who want to study hard with other friends are more than welcomed to apply. The aim of the Global Learning Community Program is to provide an opportunity for Korean students and foreign students to study together in harmony and to share their knowledge and culture for better learning, obtaining mutual benefits from one another. The program intends to give a helping hand to those foreign students who are struggling to follow along with their class content due to language barrier. By having weekly meetings to review their class contents, students can stay away from procrastination and keep up with their learnings. On top of this academic pursuits, students are expected to experience different cultures from each other and broaden their cultural knowledge. Starting from this semester, supporter system has been adopted, in response to participant students’ feedback that it would be helpful to have a more thorough check-up system that manages the communication and difficulties among members of each team. There are total three assistant teachers, all of whom are graduate students. Each assistant teacher is in charge of helping students in different languages: Chinese, English, and Korean. "We have added a feedback system to support students' learning activities in depth and detail. For example, we have been using the supporter system since this semester to help foreign students understand how much they are learning, whether there is a need for learning support, or to facilitate communication between team members," commented Lee. Assistant teacher Noh Ah-young (Department of Education, Master’s Program) and one team leader, Ahn Jae-won (Division of Business Administration, 4th year) Outstanding team of exemplary work The 'Friends Management' team was conducted at the beginning of the 'Project Management' class in Business Administration. The group did not simply took the program as an opportunity for themselves to come together and help each other, but further extended to create a project in which they embraced other fellow students to join in. They created a culture exchange program where 20 students joined Korean traditional clothes hanbok experience and tea-house field trip. “When submitting the monthly report, a lot of students put the focus on what they studied and how they kept up with it. However, Ahn’s team showed innovativeness and creativity in their project and demonstrated perfectly for what this program aims to achieve,” commented Lee. Ahn’s team did a great job in bringing about a cultural exchange not only among its team members but to those outside the group, which makes its achievement even more outstanding. “This program provided me with an opportunity to get closer with people who I may have simply regarded as a temporary group project teammate.” Jeon Chae-yun chaeyun111@hanyang.ac.kr Photos by Choi Min-ju

2017-06 12

[Academics]Bringing Unknown Species into the Light

Professor Lee Won-choel of the Department of Life Science is a researcher who studies biological diversity, animal taxonomy, sociobiology, and marine biology. A passionate animal taxonomist who specializes in meiofauna, microscopic organisms living in the sea floor, Lee found and classified over 100 new species. His recent paper, “A new species of the genus Nannopus (Copepoda, Harpacticoida, Nannopodidae) from the mudflat of Ganghwa Island, Korea” introduces his discovery of Nannopus ganghwaensis. Lee talks about his discovery of Nannopus ganghwaensis. The species Nannopus ganghwaensis, which belongs to the order of harpacticoid copepods of meiofauna group is a discovery Lee made during his scientific project regarding researching life in Ganghwa mudflat. In order to clarify that it is entirely new, Lee took several steps. First of all, he observed that the specimen displays general features of a harpacticoid through microscope. Then Lee proceeded into a more complicated procedure, using electronic microscope and carefully examining and dissecting each segment, including each legs and hairs. The next step was identifying the specimen through literary data analysis. Comparing and contrasting each feature of harpaticoid copepods species through this procedure, Lee could find other species of harpacticoids that looked most similar to the newly found ones. “Nannopus ganghwaensis had general features to those species. But when observed much closer into its finest detail, it has its own distinctive features such as having a smooth seta, or thick hair, without additional fine hairs at the end of the forth inner leg. In addition, the innermost seta at the fifth exopod was fused into the segment,” Lee said. Above are pictures of Nannopus ganghwaensis that Lee drew. After dissection, Lee drew the specimen onto a sheet of paper. The most important of the whole process, the carefully measured drawings were later used in his thesis. After pictures were taken through electronic microscope, additional DNA analysis that distinguishes the species was done. Since Lee specializes in marine biology, he not only explores Korean seas but ventures out to oceans worldwide, scuba diving in the North and South Pole, the Maldives, New Caledonia, and more to collect samples of microscopic marine life. Currently, Lee is a project leader in the BK21 Plus Eco-Bio Fusion Research Team, which focuses on training graduate students. In addition, Lee is working for the National Institute of Biological Resources, publishing illustrated guides to newly-discovered and researched organisms. Lee helped to publish the illustrated guide of invertebrate fauna in Korea. “The socioeconomic significance of biological diversity research is that one’s country can be fully aware of its biological resources. This means that the country in question can demand other nations of the same profit when the latter is making use of the former’s resources, according to Convention on Biological Diversity,” Lee explained. In addition, Lee’s field of research gives basic information about organisms due to his work of classifying and finding new species. When secondary research is necessary because of medical reasons, data about various species is more than necessary. Lee’s personal goal is to open international conferences in Korea for students to attend with ease. This was achieved when he organized the 15th International Meiofauna Conference in 2013 and the 12th International Conference on Copepods in 2014 at Hanyang University. “I think I will continue to research as I have always done. There are 4000 harpacticoid copepods and about 2.5 million of them are yet to be found." Lee’s passion is run by his pure interest and enjoyment in finding, classifying, and giving names to new species that are brought into light through his endeavors. Lee scuba dives into the deep sea to collect specimens for his studies. (Photo courtesy of Lee) As a researcher, Lee believes that studying what one truly enjoys lasts long. “In society, people’s choices of their careers are too limited because of social or economic pressures. But people, especially those planning to become researchers, should find their interests in the direction that the masses haven't yet taken in order to strengthen their academic foundation,” Lee advised. Jang Soo-hyun luxkari@hanyang.ac.kr Photos by Moon Ha-na