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2018-03 05

[Event]2018 Hanyang Graduation Ceremony

2018 Hanyang University Graduation Ceremony was held at Hanyang Olympic Gymnasium in Seongdong-gu, Seoul in the morning on February 22. In this ceremony, 2,583 students were granted bachelor's degree at Seoul Campus. ▲ Graduates are throwing their graduation caps into the air. ▲ After the commencement, juniors are tossing seniors shoulder-high. ▲ After the commencement, graduates are taking pictures for commemoration with their family. ▲ After the commencement, graduates are taking pictures together for commemoration. ▲ After the commencement, foreign graduates are taking pictures for commemoration. ▲ This year's ‘Graduation Ceremony’ was held at Hanyang Olympic Gymnasium in Seongdong-gu, Seoul in the morning on February 22.

2018-03 05

[Academics][Researcher of the Month] The Result of a Small Curiosity

For centuries, cancer has been mankind’s mulish enemy that has taken away countless lives. Scientists and researchers are unceasingly putting effort into developing a cure for cancer, including Choi Je-min (Department of Life Science) who recently paved another road to effectively treating cancer in his paper “Regulation of chitinase-3-like-1 in T cell elicits Th1 and cytotoxic responses to inhibit lung metastasis.” First, starting his research from a small curiosity for a certain component in our cell called chitinase, Choi unveiled the secret related to the immune system for cancer and accomplished the first step of creating a drug for the disease. "My research began from the question 'why?'" Chitin may sound familiar due to its presence in the exoskeletons of arthropods such as crabs, lobsters, and shrimps and some insects and molluscs. A derivative of the word is chitinase, which is a component that reshapes or dissolves and digests chitin for animals. Such a component also exists in the human body, which has no specific function of its own. Knowing this fact, Choi was eager to find out why it still exists in our body and what it does. Without a function, the component lost its name and has come to be called ‘chitinase-3-like-1.’ “If it is completely useless, why do we have it? When such a question arises, we biologists experiment in one of two ways: remove it or increase its amount. In this case, I decided to remove it to see what happens in the testing mouse. Since chitinase is used to protect the body in plants, I guessed that it would have something to do with our immune system.” After removing the component from the mouse, Choi’s discovery was surprising. The type of cell called T cell which plays a key role in cell-mediated immunity, specifically Th1 and CTL, were greatly activated. In other words, chitinase-3-like-1 were acting as the deactivator of the T cells, which play a central role in battling cancer. Choi had two model mice in his experiment, one with the component and the other without it. He inserted cancer cells in both mice and compared the outcome. Expectedly, the mouse without the component showed much lower development of cancer while the other showed the opposite. This means by removing chitinase-3-like-1, which allows the T cells to be activated, immunity for cancer considerably increases. “The experiment let me figure out that if chitinase-3-like-1 are removed from our body, it could work as an excellent anticancer treatment.” Quenchingly, his question was answered by the result of his experiment. Choi and his students are conducting their research on chitinase-3-like-1. Based on his finding, Choi took another step to develop an anticancer drug. Since it is impossible to remove DNA from the human body, there had to be another way to remove the component from our body. Therefore, he went ahead and worked to create a drug that restrains the chitinase-3-like-1-creating DNA from producing more of the component. With a technique called RNA-interference which removes the undesired or mutated RNA in the body, Choi targeted the chitinase-3-like-1 RNA after converting it to RNA from DNA and attempted to remove the undesired component to increase cancer immunity. Using a technique called peptide-based drug delivery, Choi attached the RNA version of the component with peptide bonds in the drug and aimed to spread the medicament throughout the body. This resulted in deactivation of the chitinase-3-like-1-creating DNA and thus an escalation of cancer immunity. “Although it could take about a decade before this drug becomes commercialized and widely used, it could be a breakthrough once it does. The underlying prinicple of my research is always to produce a useful outcome that could actually be put into use and not just end in the lab. I could say that our establishment philosophy ‘Love in deed’ fits well with my goal,” smiled Choi. He emphasized that it is always important to sometimes question the basic things, even the things that are already proven to be a fact. Through his research and experiments, Choi wants to discover more unknown facts. Choi will continue his research to experiment with cells and create more drugs to be used practically. "'Love in deed' in the laboratory!" Jeon Chae-yun chaeyun111@hayang.ac.kr Photos by Choi Min-ju

2018-03 01

[General]Feminism and Its Problems

Feminism by definition refers to the belief that women should have political, economic and social equality with men. As studies have shown the correlation between the empowerment of women and the development of a society, achieving gender equality has been a goal for all societies. Especially with the widespread use of media, ideologies of feminist activists have affected both women and men all across the globe through what is known as the ‘three waves of feminism’ and their sub-branches. While feminism itself with all its good intentions has indeed empowered women to achieve wonders, feminism today is under fire under the accusation of having degenerated. Whether this accusation comes from those who are “anti-feminists” or those who are simply giving constructive criticism, it is a matter of another never-ending debate that revolves around the fine lines between the support of women’s rights, reverse discrimination, and blatant ignorance. "The more I have spoken about feminism, the more I have realized that fighting for women's rights has too often become synonymous with man-hating. If there is one thing I know for certain, it is that this has to stop." Emma Watson, actress To refresh our memories of the major feminist movements that led to what feminism is today, the history of feminism can be broken up into three main waves: the First Wave (19-20c) which dealt with women’s suffrage movements; the Second Wave (1960s-80s) where feminists saw women’s cultural and political inequalities as inextricably linked and recognized the sexist power structures within the society; and the Third Wave (1990s-present) where feminists are mainly divided between those who believe that there are distinct differences between the two sexes, and those who believe that there are no inherent differences between them and that gender roles are due to social conditioning. An example of a sub-branch of feminism is Separatist feminism which believes that women must initiate and maintain the separation from male-defined, male-dominated institutions, roles, relationships, and so on that are operating for the benefit and maintenance of male privilege. The feminist movement has indeed brought change not only in Western society where it originated, but also in other parts of the world. While it is an undeniable fact that women nowadays still do encounter discrimination in different parts of their lives, it is also true that we are better off than the past as we are provided with greater access to education, nearly equitable pay with men, legal protection, and so on. To make further progress, it is crucial to be able to reflect on where we are now exactly and to have clearer goals. Unfortunately, feminism has many branches which makes this harder, but if not dealt with now, it will only derive further conflict among people. Two problems of feminism One of the major problems of feminism is that unlike other movements, it doesn’t have any clearly defined or measurable goals to accomplish, which makes it absent of a definite end. In a sense, this means that it is impossible for some feminists to have a satisfying conclusion. This can be seen in the case where French, one of the major languages in Europe, is en peril mortel (“in mortal danger”). Some feminists argue that the gendered nature of French promotes sexist outcomes, and that it should be changed to become gender-neutral or gender-inclusive. To some, changing the core foundation of a language may sound bizarre, but for these radical feminists who believe that they must do whatever they can to free themselves from the inherently oppressive and dominating patriarchal system, it is another reminder of their struggles and suffering. “Feminism isn’t about making women strong. Women are already strong. It’s about changing the way the world perceives that strength.” G.D. Anderson (author) Another one of the few problems of feminism, is the fact that the term “anti-feminist” is used to silence academic debate about feminism. Being able to reflect and absorb constructive criticism is a crucial step to making improvements. However, when it comes from the opposite sex, some feminists label their opponents as “anti-feminists” and prevent them from identifying with feminist struggles, as men are supposedly granted inherent privileges that prevent them from truly understanding. When such criticism come from women, they too are seen as anti-feminists who have betrayed fellow women. Can we still call these women true feminists? What actually defines a true feminist? The current feminist trend in the West seems to show how a lot of the so-called feminists have forgotten that they actually have what other women in the world like Uganda and Somalia are struggling for in life-threatening situations. In Uganda, a man can claim a women as his wife through rape. These women aren’t provided with proper education or legal protection, and they are still denied moral and financial support. They are the ones who are truly oppressed while women in the West are coming up with “safe spaces” (created by teachers, educational institutions, or student bodies who refuse to tolerate certain topics) and “trigger warnings” (statements at the start of something to warn someone that it may possibly distress them) to “protect” themselves from the “oppressive patriarchal rape culture.” Too many young feminists are too occupied with their own constant struggle and supposed victimhood to reach out to the women who are truly suffering from oppression. Park Joo-hyun julia1114@hanyang.ac.kr

2018-02 28

[Academics]What Makes People Prosocial

Have you ever wondered what makes some people particularly social and not others? Kim, Sanghag (Department of Sociology) tried to identify the relationship among empathy, attachment to parents, and prosociality. Prosociality refers to behaviors that are intended to benefit others. Kim mentioned that there was not a lot of research done to figure the relations among the aforementioned three aspects of human psychology. To make matters worse, research on empathy predominantly focused on older children from around 11 to 15 years of age, as morality was conceived as a cognitive process. Kim is enthusiastically explaining about his work. That focus has recently shifted to younger children – as young as just a few months old – and the findings in the differences in emotional empathy at such an early stage have emphasized the importance in the influence of nurture on empathy and the prosociality of a person. Kim stressed that one of the strengths of his recent paper titled, ‘Relational Antecedents and Social Implications of the Emotion of Empathy: Evidence from Three Studies’ is the quality of data that the team has collected over the course of 12 years. In order to discern the link among empathy, attachment, and prosociality, the research team had used three forms of studies: family study, play study, and the parent-child study. In the studies, a child’s empathy for either the mother or father was elicited under a scripted, stimulated distress paradigm, where the parents acted upon a detailed script to see the child’s reaction. The entire process was recorded for later coding, capturing the child’s expressions of emotion through facial, verbal, and behavioral means. The child’s attachment security was measured under the Strange Situation Paradigm (SSP) and the Attachment Q-Set. In the former measure, the child was left with a stranger and the action was analyzed through coding; while in the latter measure, the parents were asked about the attachment security. The last and probably the most important measure, the child’s prosociality was measured in a peer context in order to determine whether the child took turns when playing, askings for things nicely, and so on. The solid line represents a significant effect, and the dashed line represents a nonsignificant effect. Graph A represents the mother– child dyads and B for the father– child dyads. Further explanation is below. Photo courtesy of Kim Through such vigorous research from middle class families with various educational and ethnic backgrounds to high risk families with financial issues, Kim and the research team were able to draw lines between the factors. Attachment here turned out to be a moderated mediation. Moderated mediation is a statistical term where the effect of an independent variable A on an outcome variable C via a mediator variable B differs depending on the levels of a moderator variable D. In this context, the effect of ‘empathy’ on the outcomes ‘prosociality’ depends on the level of the moderator's ‘attachment security’, as you can see in the graph. There is an arrow pointing to the solid line between empathy and prosociality. What is surprising about the finding is the impact of empathy on prosociality, which is stronger when the attachment level is lower. This goes against the common perception that the better the relationship between the parents and a child, the better the child behaves in society. However, this does not necessarily mean that children are more prosocial when they have a bad relationship with their parents, but that the impact of empathy is noticeably stronger under an undesirable context. “This research will provide supporting evidence that prosocial behavior and empathy is at least partially due to the environment, as infants are a good subject to see the effects of nature and nurture. They do not have any other contaminating factors that the researchers have to take into account,” said Kim. "Don't be afraid to take the path that nobody else chooses. With the know-hows acquired from the deserted place, you will be able to succeed in the well known fields too," encouraged Kim. Kim, unlike most social science researchers, is highly interested in what induces positive aspects from people such as happiness, morality, and identity. “Social science and social psychology to be specific, are great tools in explaining to me and the people around me. What we feel, acknowledge, and learn is what makes this area so fascinating for me,” smiled Kim. He plans to continue his research further on the three key words both in Korea and in the United States. Kim So-yun dash070@hanyang.ac.kr Photos by Choi Min-ju

2018-02 22

[Performance]Hanyang University employment rate at 72.7%, ranking in the top 3

The employment rate of graduates at Hanyang University is the third highest among the major universities. According to the Jongro Academy Haneul Education, which analyzed the employment rate of 194 universities in 2016 (graduates from August 2015 and February 2016) by using the government education statistics service on Jan. 19, Hanyang University had an increase of 4 points bringing it to a total of 72.7%, ranking third among the 42 largest universities with more than 3,000 graduates. Sungkyunkwan University ranked first at 76.4%. The following universities comprise ranks 2 through 10 in the top 10 universities by employment rate, respectively: Korea University (73.8%), Hanyang University (72.7%), Seoul National University (70.6%), Yonsei University (70.1%), Soongsil University (69.0%), Inha University (68.3%), Dongguk University (68.2%), Gachon University (68.1%), and Chung Ang University (67.6%). According to the employment rate by departments, the Medical Department was the highest at 83.9%, followed by Engineering (69.4%), Social Studies (62.9%), Art, Music and Physical Studies (62.5%), Nature (60.7%), and Humanities (57.5%). The average employment rate for all universities was 67.7%, up 0.2 percent from the previous year (67.5%). According to a news article from the Korea Times on February 19th, Oh Jong-woon, the director of Haneul Education at the Jongno Academy, said, "Despite the recent drop in the number of unemployed college graduates last month from 7,000 last year, it will still be difficult to solve the unemployment problem for youths unless a dramatic employment stabilization policy comes out." Ranking University The number of graduates The number of graduates for employment The number of graduates employed Employment rate (%) Employment rate (Male) Employment rate (Female) Employment rate of privious year (%) 1 Sungkyunkwan Uni 4417 3516 2685 76.4 79.4 71.0 74.8 2 Korea Uni 4393 3250 2400 73.8 78.4 67.1 72.7 3 Hanyang Uni 3696 2895 2104 72.7 75.8 66.8 68.7 4 Seoul National Uni 3375 2185 1543 70.6 74.0 66.6 70.1 5 Yonsei Uni 4414 3229 2264 70.1 72.3 67.4 70.2 6 Soongsil Uni 3149 2819 1946 69.0 70.6 66.8 66.3 7 Inha Uni 3830 3346 2284 68.3 72.0 62.3 68.1 8 Dongguk Uni 3140 2579 1758 68.2 71.8 63.9 67.6 9 Gachon Uni 4330 3929 2675 68.1 69.2 67.2 67.9 10 Chung Ang Uni 5292 4688 3168 67.6 70.7 64.1 66.4

2018-02 20

[Performance]Hanyang University ranked 2nd in the nation in 'THE Asia University Rankings'

In 'THE Asia University Rankings' by the Times Higher Education (THE), a U.K. based institution for evaluating universities, Hanyang University ranked second in the nation on the International Reputation Category and was recognized for their great reputation among foreign students and in international academia. This assessment, which is considered to be the most credible in Asia, is based on five indicators: Citations, Industry Income, International Outlook, Research, and Teaching, respectively. Hanyang University ranked 38th in Asia with 41.9 points in Citations, 84.7 points in Industry Income, 56.4 points in International Outlook, 45.5 points in Research, and 40.7 points in Teaching. Hanyang is ranked eighth among domestic universities. ▲ Rankings and Score Details of Hanyang University (Source: THE official homepage) This year, a total of 359 universities were evaluated, and the top 200 rankings were released. Among the domestic universities, Seoul National University occupied 9th in Asia and 1st in the nation. In addition, the following Korean universities were ranked accordingly in the list of THE 2018 Asia University Rankings: KAIST (10th), POSTECH (12th), Sungkyunkwan (13th), Yonsei University (20th), UNIST (22nd), Korea University (24th), Hanyang University (38th), GIST (39th), Kyung Hee University (40th), Chung-Ang University (50th), Ewha Womans University (65th), Ulsan University (77th), Konkuk University (95th), Pusan National University (97th), and Sejong University (100th). The university which occupied the top spot in THE Asia University Rankings 2018 is the National University of Singapore, followed by Tsinghua University, occupying 2nd, , and Peking University, occupying 3rd. The University of Hong Kong (HKU) ranked 4th, and the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST) and Nanyang Technological University ranked 5th. ▶ Click here to see THE 2018 World University Rankings (click)

2018-02 12

[General]Hanyang Trail-Doolehgil Recreated on Our Hands

Hanyang University is known to have many hills, making the two-dimensional map less useful. It is not hard to encounter a visitor or a freshman on campus asking for directions year-round. The Industry-University Cooperation Foundation and the Wooyang Cooperation joined forces to develop Smart Doolehgil last April, which had its opening ceremony on December 12th. On Friday, January 9th, the team joined the 2018 College Lab Technology Start-up Demo Day in the Coex for the demonstration. News H joined the event to further explore the Smart Doolehgil. The Smart Doolehgil application is running on a tablet. The application can be downloaded from the Google Playstore. Visitors, freshman, and the visually impaired Doolehgil is a Korean word that refers to a walking road that goes around something. The Hanyang Doolehgil, therefore, refers to Hanyang’s eight scenic points and the roads that connect them. A 2.6km-long trail that passes through the campus covers major historical monuments and buildings of Hanyang. The trail provides a restful environment for people and an opportunity to see the whole Sungdong-gu at a glance. Unfortunately, there are some people that cannot join the majority due to their visual impairment. Smart Doolehgil provides guidance to those who are not familiar with the campus but mainly for the visually impaired. “We are always interested in corporate social responsibility (CSR) and have the technology to provide better guidance,” said Kim Jin-hong (Chemistry, '85), the CEO of Wooyang Cooperation. Smart Doolehgil was created with Wooyang Corporation’s technology in making beacon devices combined with the Hanyang Industry-University Cooperation Foundation’s data processing technology. A beacon is an intentionally conspicuous device designed to attract attention to a specific location. More than 350 beacon sensors planted on campus are now working as the new guide dog. Kim Jin-hong (Chemistry, '85), the CEO of Wooyang Cooperation, is enthusiastically explaining the background story of the Smart Doolehgil system. For better mobility With the smartphone application and a shoe sole, the visually impaired or individuals with very poor vision can locate buildings, ATMs, and bathrooms. A pair of location devices is embedded in the specially designed shoe sole, and vibrates in the direction where the person has to move to. For instance, if a walker needs to turn right at a corner, the sole in their right shoe vibrates. The device also lets the user know whenever he or she is facing a staircase, a hazardous place, or has arrived to their destination. The smartphone application is used together with the device to provide verbal instruction. Both Kim and Jang Gi-sool (Manager, Industry-University Cooperation Foundation) mentioned that Kim Hee-jin (Management, 4th year) helped a lot, especially in giving insight from the perspective of the visually impaired, from what they need the most in order to enhance their mobility. She also contributed in choosing the location of the device to be inserted in the shoes, where it was least apparent from the outside. Other options, such as the wrists or neck, would have discouraged the handicapped from using the system. The shoe sole vibrates to alert the user about the direction or any hazards. The product has not yet been placed on the consumer market as it is still under development. The Smart Doolehgil, however, is accessable only via the smartphone application. “We still need more progress. The most important thing is the preciseness, as many blind people cannot find the entrance of the building even if they succeed in finding the building itself. The more accurate it is, the better,” mentioned Kim. The Smart Doolehgil’s opening ceremony was in December, but the system is constantly developing based on user experience. Both the Wooyang Cooperation and HYU plan to exhibit the technology to the mass market during the upcoming entrance ceremony in March when the need for an accurate map and guidance system within the campus is at its highest. Kim’s ultimate goal is to grow his company as a social enterprise. With the success of the technology within Hanyang University, the Wooyang Cooperation will expand the system to roads and buildings outside the campus, yielding even better mobility for the visually impaired. Kim So-yun dash070@hanyang.ac.kr Photos by Choi Jin-myung

2018-02 04

[Academics][Excellent R&D] From Harmful to Useful

It is undoubtable that global warming and air pollution are two of the most serious and urgent problems that countries all over the world need to worry about as members of the planet. However, due to the industrial development and the necessities of life, goals and promises of reducing harmful gas are not successfully being met by the majority of the countries that pledge to do so. Sang Byoung-in (Department of Chemical Engineering), in an attempt to reduce the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, has suggested a way to make use of the bountiful resources around us in his research by the name, ‘Power to Gas Technology for Stability of Future Energy Provision.’ "The amount of carbon dioxide can be effectively reduced by capturing it and turning it into a useful gas." Previously, there has been an approach suggested to reduce carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. It was to capture and store it, then bury it deep underground or under the ocean ground so that it would not cause any pollution in the air. This method is not being pervasively used because of the unfitting geological condition of Korea and its tremendous cost considering the amount of carbon dioxide that needs to be handled. To counteract this complication, Sang researched methods to utilize the captured carbon dioxide. By capturing the carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and separating hydrogen and methane in it, a new source of energy is created. Since methane gas is used in almost every aspect of our society, Sang’s research could greatly contribute to alleviating the current situation concerning air pollution and energy depletion. “Hydrogen could also be derived, but methane is a better option as it has a much wider range of usage and that it is far easier to store. Hydrogen would require costly equipment to deposit, unlike methane, which could be stored within affordability.” There are several reasons why methane gas is such a good product out of carbon dioxide. Since methane gas is commonly used in our daily life, converting carbon dioxide into methane gas would be both economically and environmentally favorable. It also means this new source of energy will be extremely convenient and effortless to supply. Since 90 to 100 percent of Korea is covered with methane gas pipelines, the newly generated energy will be conveniently supplied through the current infrastructure. Moreover, unlike other gases such as hydrogen, methane gas is easy to store because it does not require a special tank for storage. Hydrogen is difficult to store due to its minuscule molecular size, demanding special tanks of higher price. Most importantly, methane gas is incomparably more widely used—for power, heat, mobility, and more. By turning carbon dioxide into mathane, useful energy can be generated. (Photo courtesy of Sang) Furthermore, Sang’s research also focuses on cultivating the microorganism that produces methane on its own only by feeding on carbon dioxide and hydrogen. Such a microorganism is called hydrogenotrophic methanogen (methane-producing organism that feed on hydrogen), which could be cultivated in water of 55 to 65 degrees Celsius. Inside water, just by absorbing carbon dioxide and hydrogen, the microorganism could produce methane. The problem is, these microorganisms are quite fastidious and challenging to harvest. They are strictly anaerobic, meaning they cannot survive once they encounter oxygen. To overcome this challege, Sang is currently researching to successfully nurture the microorganism. In addition, his further goal of research is to cultivate methanogen that does not require hydrogen. The reason why the microorganism feeds on hydrogen is because they need electrons in it. However, Sang wants to cut down the cost of nurturing these microorganism by removing hydrogen in their production. To provide what they need for survival, Sang will research deeper on feeding the microorganism directly from the electrode so that the process of microorganism producing methane would be more effective in terms of cost and productivity. Sang and his students in his lab are researching to evolve microorganism that feeds on electrons. Jeon Chae-yun chaeyun111@hanyang.ac.kr Photos by Lee Jin-myung

2018-01 31

[Event]The Hanyang Career Development Center

In the relentless battle for employement, students of Hanyang can take some comfort in knowing that there is a group of people devoted to supporting their cause. Asking for no price in return, employees at the Hanyang Career Development Center dedicate their time and energy to provide various education, counseling, and information that students may need during their journey to begin a career. To express gratitude and to update information about the center, News H interviewed Shin Yong-zin who is a manager of the Hanyang Institute for Talent Development and Career Development Center. The Hanyang Career Development Center is most busy during summer and winter breaks. Challenge Again Marking its third consecutive opening, the initial education process for the “Challenge Again” program, hosted by the Career Development Center, was held on the 24th of this January. The Challenge Again program is an employment counseling and support system that works in a manner similar to that of school clubs, dubbing it with a more familiar name, the “Employment Club.” Shin explained that the most crucial characteristic of the Challenge Again program that differentiates it from other employment programs previously held in Hanyang, or any other school, is that the target subjects for this program are graduates. “This program is for imminent graduates, as well as students who had graduated within three years. It started last summer, and has received extremely positive feedback.” Shin continued to explain that most graduates lack an infrastructure that supports their extensive employment. “They have nowhere to rely on other than expensive institutions in places like Gangnam.” The Career Development Center aimed to support these graduates, and so far, they have been quite successful. As of January 22nd, the applications for the program is over for this semester. The member who have received their initial education on the 24th will participate in a diagnostic consulting, where professionals will talk about the student’s career plan, aptitude, employment status, and so on. Based on the analysis of the counseling, students will be formed into groups, where each group will then be assigned an application manager from a major company or a professional consultant as a mentor. The program will last for the next 6 months, with regular counseling held 8 times throughout the schedule. In detail, the group activities and consulting will revolve around three main pillars; analysis of companies and profession, assembling and reviewing self-introduction documents for application, and demonstrative job interviews. The overall process will be more intense in sense of manner and content, as the subjects are graduates whose employment are of great urgency. The program is also free of charge, giving the program yet another advantage for those seeking to take part of it. The inital education for the Challenge Again program took place on the 24th. A major supporter of Hanyang For students still in their years of studying, you do not need to feel left out. The Challenge Again program is one of the three major programs that host students of Hanyang, and the other two programs are open for all students to take advantage of. One of these programs is the Hanyang Job School. The Job School program consists of employment education as well as a group camping activity, where experts in the field of career counseling, job application, and company human resources are recruited to provide a realistic interview environment. Regardless of what stage of career pursuit that each student is currently in, this program gives them an edge on what corporations and the society realistically look for in an applicant. Shin also added that there is extensive support for this program by the school, and that employment rates of participants had once even marked up to 80%. The other major program hosted by the Career Development Center is the Competitive Career Roadmap Exhibition. While the other two programs are targeted towards students in their 3rd to 4th grade, and even graduate status, the Career Roadmap competition is held for younger students. It provides them a chance to create a roadmap regarding the field, career, and company that a student wishes to pursue. Shin emphasized that this program is not just held to create a professional roadmap but roadmaps of student’s lives concerning their life goals and plans. A demonstration job interview conducted by the Job School program. (Photo courtesy of Career Development Center) A Mecca for Hanyang employment Other than the three major programs introduced, the Hanyang Career Development Center has various programs and systems in place to support students’ career pursuits. Any student can sign up for career counseling or an application document review online. The Career Development Center also provides a list of applicable internship programs that students can easily access. Furthermore, the center provides career aptitude tests and education for the National Competency Standard Exam. Shin also expressed ambition when he talked about a new system that the center was devising, which he introduced as the “Open Online Recruitment.” According to Shin, most students focus too much on getting employed at major conglomerates that they overlook smaller-scale companies that provide benefits that are just as good. Some of these companies have constant openings, which was a crack of opportunity that Shin hoped to take advantage of. The new program will allow students to upload promotional content about themselves in a designated system, and a number of selected companies will freely access these contents and contact students for job openings. Although construction for this system is still underway, Shin has high hopes that it could further help students. “I wish more students would visit and take advantage of the Career Development Center. Our school is the only one in the country that has a lounge dedicated to employment, yet it is not used as much as we hope.” Shin ambitiously projected that he plans to make the center a Mecca for employment. He desired nothing more but for students to benefit from the great facilities within Hanyang. Lee Changhyun pizz1125@hanyang.ac.kr Photos by Kang Cho-hyun

2018-01 31

[Academics][Researcher of the Month] Producing Energy by Wearing Clothes

Clothes that create electricity is not something in a movie anymore. In the midst of searching for various renewable energy, Professor Hong Jin-pyo (Department of Physics) created a new energy source that is created through friction in a single thread, as demonstrated in his research, ‘Hierarchically Nanostructured 1D Conductive Bundle Yarn-Based Triboelectric Nanogenerators.’ Hong conducted his research on energy-producing threads. When designing a wearable device, people generally think of light and slim devices attached on one’s clothes or body, usually charged by a solar heat system. This is referred as a two-dimension technology, as an object is placed upon another object. This does have its own benefits but also contains deficits such as weight and energy sources. Therefore, Hong created a one-dimension energy source – a thread that is used when weaving clothes. “Once a material is attached to clothing, the efficiency lacks uniformity,” explained Hong. He invented a thread that can produce energy itself, without having to attach anything onto a particular piece of clothing. The threads that make up the clothing could create energy itself. This thread, also named as a ‘triboelectric nanogenerator’, is a structure made from the notion of friction that we experience in our daily lives. For example, when we rub a balloon to our hair, friction occurs, resulting in a form of spiky hair. This phenomenon occurs when an electron is moved from one object to another, when these two objects continuously collide with each other. Depending on the characteristics of an object, one object would lose electrons and the other would gain electrons, meaning some sort of slight energy is formed. In this thread, polymer and aluminum are used; the former collects the electrons and the latter releases the electrons. Therefore, once the body wearing the clothing weaved from this thread moves, energy is created. The microscophic strucuture of a thread. (Photo courtesy of Hong) This triboelectric nanogenerator is still in the midst of its research. As this thread is extremely thin, Hong’s research team created a conductive bundle yarn so that they could have more strength. Moreover, he attached polymer-like nanostructures onto a single thread, so that the thread could have an increased surface area of energy production. Once energy is created through a larger surface area, bigger energy could be created within a single thread. This whole process is also known as a tribo electric effect. This one-dimension thread has a bright future in front of them, as technology closer to human are fondly being conducted on. “Once a sensor could be attached onto the thread, even more tasks could be done. This sensor could send whatever information they require to the owner’s smartphone, once the sensor adapts a Bluetooth function,” commented Hong, when asked about the future of this invention. He wished that this function would be able to let citizens to have control of their IoT (Internet of Things, a system of interrelated computing devices, mechanical and digital machines, object, animals or people that are provided with unique identifiers) through their energy producing clothes. "Keep trying! No matter what!" As Hong has not majored in clothing and textiles, he is not yet an expert of clothing, but has not been afraid of pioneering this area. “I had been proceeding my research in semiconductors at first. As new technologies evolved, I believed it was important to keep up with these changes to improve what I have been initially doing,” reminisced Hong. As he had achieved an unexpected success through his passion, he also gave the same advice to all Hanyangians. “Don’t make excuses. What really matters is whether you tried your best or not. I wish all of you can improve yourself through endless challenges!” On Jung-yun jessica0818@hanyang.ac.kr Photos by Choi Min-ju and Lee Jin-myung