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2018-03 11

[General]Silent Criminals in the Corner

Peeping Toms are becoming a serious issue in Korea these days, with the number of victims rising. The so-called ‘hidden camera,’ ‘illegal shooting,’ and ‘secret camera’ are attracting more attention as there is an increasingly loud voice calling for strict measures. It is a form of crime where a person secretly takes a picture of or films another and spreads it or takes pleasure themselves. The place of illegal shooting ranges from subways and their stations to public toilets and saunas. How is Hanyang’s safety regarding this issue? Let us take a look at our campus’s status. Fortunate, but not to be relieved Through many public interviews, it was revealed that many women stay alert when using public facilities, especially bathrooms. In most cases, fear is generated in them due to the awareness of hidden cameras that may be filming them, heightened by the possibility of the footage being spread online. What is very pitiful is the fact that the advancement of technology is acting in favor of this illegal act. The unnoticeably small size of the camera makes them next to impossible to detect at a glance. Articles reporting on hidden cameras are appearing daily in headlines in Korea. Is Hanyang safe from this crime? A rumor based on true incidents spread among students that a student had a secret camera on the body and was filming another student. With rising voices and heightened tension, Hanyang’s Property Management Team is regularly executing hidden camera inspections four times a year. According to the inspection last year that ran from June 12th to June 17th which examined every single women’s bathroom throughout the campus, the outcome was positive: not a single hidden camera was detected. The investigation takes place from night time to dawn when there are fewer users of the bathrooms to minimize disturbance. Kim Hyeon-min, a staff of the Property Management Team “It takes about a week to examine all the women's bathrooms on campus. We make sure to go through every single one of them. Fortunately, no camera was detected. Although we are going to continue with our detection program to make sure that our campus is safe, the best way to put a stop to this issue is to stop the installation of hidden cameras from the beginning,” said Kim Hyeon-min from the Property Management Team. Despite the satisfying outcome of the investigation, the rumors among the students cannot be ignored. From both inside and outside of our campus, hidden cameras and secret cameras are becoming a more serious crime that leads to heightened tension and nervous attitudes. Let’s keep it up Besides the efforts of the Property Management Team, some groups of individual students and the student council are voluntarily running a project involving renting a hidden camera detecting machine and scrutinizing bathrooms. The machine is a high performance, high-frequency detecting device that can locate a hidden camera if one is present. In addition, Seong-dong Police Station conducted a hidden camera detection program that inspected all the bathrooms and changing rooms on campus, the result of which was also clear. Furthermore, on ERICA campus, students are stepping out of their comfort zone and doing the investigation by themselves with the camera detector. Derived from these situations is the fact that Hanyang is free of installed hidden cameras. From these investigations and their results, it could be concluded that Hanyang is safe from hidden cameras. However, it is too early to be relieved because not every inch of the campus has been inspected. In order to prevent such crimes from flourishing on campus, efforts and awareness of both the students and the faculty are needed. Students who participated in hidden camera detection activity last month (Photo courtesy of Kukminilbo) Jeon Chae-yun Photos by Kang Cho-hyun

2018-03 09

[Admission ]Opening of International Winter School in Hanyang

Hanyang University launched an opening ceremony of 2017 International Winter School in Paiknam Music Hall of Seoul Campus, located in Sungdong-gu of Seoul. About 300 students from 20 different countries attended in this ceremony. The number of participants have tripled compared to last year. ▲ Participants are taking memorial pictures ▲Students of College of Music are performing a welcome stage for foreign students in the ceremony ▲Students of College of Music are performing a welcome stage for foreign students in the ceremony ▲Foreign students are enjoying the welcome performance composed by students of College of Music. ▲Foreign students are enjoying the welcome performance composed by students of College of Music.

2018-03 07

[Performance]Paiknam Academic Information Center & Library Wins Korea Library Award

▲Paiknam Academic Information Center & Library received the first ever Korean library award at the 50th Korea Library Awards on February 22nd On February 22, the director of the Paiknam library Eom Ik-sang won the grand prize at the 50th Korea Library Awards. Hanyang was the sole recipient among the other universities. The Korean Library Awards is given by the Korean Library Association for selecting organizations and individuals who have contributed to the development of libraries nationwide. Paiknam library was recognized for its efforts on 'innovation' by remodeling libraries for user convenience and sharing their performances at seminars. ▲ Director Eom receiving the prize "I am very pleased to receive a meaningful prize in the year of the 70th anniversary of the opening of Hanyang University Library," said Professor Eom at the Department of Chinese Language & Literature. He added "We will do our best to contribute to other universities by making the Paiknam Academic Information Center a model of the nation`s university library."

2018-03 07

[Event]2018 Hanyang University Entrance Ceremony

Hanyang University held 2018 Entrance Ceremony at Olympic Gymnasium in Seongdong-gu, Seoul, on February 28th. 3,555 freshmen took part in this event. ▲ Hanyang University’s president Lee Young-moo is delivering a lecture regarding the advent of 4th Industrial Revolution. ▲ Students of College of Music are performing for the event’s participants at Aejeemun. ▲Freshment and faculty members are performing on the stage. ▲ Freshment and faculty members are performing on the stage. ▲ A freshman holding a paper plane where her dream is written on. ▲ Freshmen are participating in the event.

2018-03 06

[General]The Sound of a Korean Classic

“As a child, I always hated playing the piano. Gayageum was a possible alternative at the time, and that’s how I started.” Amused by her recollection, Cho Young Jae (Department of Korean Traditional Music, ’03) added that her mother noticed that playing the gayageum was one of the few things that Cho never lost interest in. Recently beginning her career as a gayageum performer and actor, Cho answered that she felt exhilarated these days with her newfound dream. A late bloomer Before establishing a new career, Cho was a music teacher. She taught in middle and high schools, using her experience of having studied music throughout her life. “I was a very passionate student. I wanted to be just as recognized academically as I was musically.” Cho double majored in the department of media communications with the goal of becoming a producer for music programs. It was also a great opportunity for her to make new friends and study a new field. Although she eventually began studying to become a teacher at the will of her parents, the people she met and the things she learned became unexpectedly relevant with her new career. “It was a short, but very impactful part of my life.” Cho stated that as an actor beginning in her thirties, she was freed from the pressure to look young and flawless. During her days as a teacher, Cho realized that she always felt the urge to stand on stage. According to Cho, although she felt accomplishment from teaching, she always held more pride as a musician than as a teacher. “I realized how beautiful the gayageum sounded after I left the field. Throughout my high school and university years, I was only obsessed with becoming the best. The pressure to come in first blocked out the sound.” Cho recollected how she came across a video of a gayageum hobbyist and discovered for the first time how truly beautiful the sound was. “Freed from all the pressure, I could finally open my ears to the music.” Following her decision, she compiled her first album with the name “Gayageum Young Jae”. The name has a double meaning, as the Korean word “young jae” also refers to a talented person. The Pyeong Chang experience “After my debut, I had the chance to become part of a television program related to baseball. The team became one of the ambassadors for the Pyeong Chang Olympics, giving me the opportunity to feature in the Pyeong Chang Olympics theme song.” Cho summarized the Olympics as a “very tough experience.” As she was part of the cheering team, she had to perform cheer routines when there was no gayageum music needed. Furthermore, as no cars were allowed to park throughout the arena, she had to carry the rather large instrument herself. One of her most painful memories was a routine done during the alpine games. As she was not specifically informed about the routine, which took place in the middle of the ski slope, she had to perform in a short outfit with heels. Furthermore, the instrument was too heavy to carry down the stairs, so she had to come down on the slope. “I can still remember the gasps and murmurings on the way down. It must have been quite a seen, me coming down the slopes in short pants and heels. Looking back, although it was tough, my participation in the Olympics was a very meaningful and definitely unforgettable experience. Cho’s musical path According to Cho, most existing fusion music, aimed at popularizing Korean traditional music, is Western music played with Korean traditional instruments. However, she always placed more value on the traditional songs and style. “We could play Beethoven on the gayageum, but it wouldn’t have much profundity. It would be an interesting sight, but withoutmuch musical value.” As every instrument has an original chord and rhythm that goes along with it, a thorough understanding of the instrument is needed to play different types of music. Cho’s album contains tango and jazz on the gayageum, which required intense scrutiny of the genres’ melodies and chords. Cho also plans to experiment with electronic dance music (EDM) on the gayageum. Although it is generally said that Korean traditional music is popular these days, not a lot of people listen to it in Korea asompared to Western countries where classical music is listened to much more frequently, Korean traditional music still has many obstacles to overcome. Musicians of traditional music also receive much more attention and better treatment in the Western world. To bridge this gap, Cho answered that she will continue to study the gayaguem to create a more general and popular genre of music. “One of the crucial elements of this plan is to gain the publics’ attention, and I hope to do so by establishing myself as a brand. I plan on acting and appearing on television shows to better gain influence.” "I am thrilled every day, and am happy of my new path" As a word of advice to students, Cho answered that students should invest more in themselves than in their future employment. Drawing on experience from her time as a teacher, Cho firmly stated that employment is not our goal in life. “We get carried away by these things, but what is truly important is finding who we are and what we want to do. With my newfound dream and career, I have troubling sleeping some nights due to thoughts of excitement and expectation.” Cho stated that the years as a university student are even more crucial, as the investments made in those years are returned several times over in the future. Cho's musical pursuit can be followed through Lee Changhyun Photos by Lee Jin Myung

2018-03 05

[General]Hanyang, investment proposals of up to 5 billion won from domestic and foreign investment companies

▲ Hanyang University participated in the world's largest electronics show known as the '2018 Consumer Electronics Show' (CES), which was held in Las Vegas from January 9th to the 12th (local time). On display were products by the Innovative Startup, fostered by Hanyang University, as well as state-of-the-art technology from the university. Hanyang University participated in the ‘2018 International Electronic Product Expo (henceforth, CES)’, the world's largest electronics show, which was held in Las Vegas from January 9th to the 12th (local time), achieving remarkable results such as in export counseling, investment promotion, and collaboration from overseas buyers and global investment institutions. For the third consecutive year, Hanyang University is unique among domestic universities that participated in CES, showcasing innovative products for global consumers and global companies. This year, seven startup products were exhibited along with advanced technology from the university, which had been on display at the seven booths at the university innovation zone. During this CES, products that received interest from global investment institutions and global companies were as follows: △ IoT-based disaster prevention system △ smart exercise equipment △ augmented reality lens for smart glasses, etc. Jo Young-jin, the CEO of RosettaTech, and who presented the IoT-based disaster prevention system, said, "We received investment proposals of up to 5 billion won from domestic and foreign investment companies, and detailed discussions are under way with domestic and foreign companies with technical partnership and intention to purchase products." Yoon Moo-hyun, the CEO of Buffett, who is in the process of crowd funding smart exercise equipment at Indiegogo, a world-wide crowd funding organization, said, "I was invited to a private party for crowd funding and had an export consultation meeting with global buyers. “Export negotiations are progressing with companies from Mexico and Japan in the order of a maximum of $60,000." The CEO of LetinAr, Kim Jae-hyeok (Department of Industrial Engineering 13), who has participated in CES for the second consecutive year and released the augmented reality lens for smart glasses, discussed investment cooperation with a number of global companies such as Apple, Microsoft, Snap, Magic Lip, etc." At this 2018 CES, overseas global accelerators and America's finest universities showed high interest in the exchange and cooperation with Korean universities. According to officials of Hanyang University, "At the CES 2018, BRINC, a global accelerator, promoted programs for discovering global startups, while the University of Nevada was interested in interacting with Korean universities by providing internships and other programs for student exchange programs." Yoo Hyun-oh, a professor in the Division of Industrial Convergence (Head of Hanyang Startup Support Foundation ), said, "Hanyang commissioned a mentor group to support the global expansion of Korean startups and student internships when installing Startup Lap in Silicon Valley, USA. “We will actively support all companies participating in CES 2018 to help them grow into global startups."

2018-03 05

[Event]2018 Hanyang Graduation Ceremony

2018 Hanyang University Graduation Ceremony was held at Hanyang Olympic Gymnasium in Seongdong-gu, Seoul in the morning on February 22. In this ceremony, 2,583 students were granted bachelor's degree at Seoul Campus. ▲ Graduates are throwing their graduation caps into the air. ▲ After the commencement, juniors are tossing seniors shoulder-high. ▲ After the commencement, graduates are taking pictures for commemoration with their family. ▲ After the commencement, graduates are taking pictures together for commemoration. ▲ After the commencement, foreign graduates are taking pictures for commemoration. ▲ This year's ‘Graduation Ceremony’ was held at Hanyang Olympic Gymnasium in Seongdong-gu, Seoul in the morning on February 22.

2018-03 05

[Academics][Researcher of the Month] The Result of a Small Curiosity

For centuries, cancer has been mankind’s mulish enemy that has taken away countless lives. Scientists and researchers are unceasingly putting effort into developing a cure for cancer, including Choi Je-min (Department of Life Science) who recently paved another road to effectively treating cancer in his paper “Regulation of chitinase-3-like-1 in T cell elicits Th1 and cytotoxic responses to inhibit lung metastasis.” First, starting his research from a small curiosity for a certain component in our cell called chitinase, Choi unveiled the secret related to the immune system for cancer and accomplished the first step of creating a drug for the disease. "My research began from the question 'why?'" Chitin may sound familiar due to its presence in the exoskeletons of arthropods such as crabs, lobsters, and shrimps and some insects and molluscs. A derivative of the word is chitinase, which is a component that reshapes or dissolves and digests chitin for animals. Such a component also exists in the human body, which has no specific function of its own. Knowing this fact, Choi was eager to find out why it still exists in our body and what it does. Without a function, the component lost its name and has come to be called ‘chitinase-3-like-1.’ “If it is completely useless, why do we have it? When such a question arises, we biologists experiment in one of two ways: remove it or increase its amount. In this case, I decided to remove it to see what happens in the testing mouse. Since chitinase is used to protect the body in plants, I guessed that it would have something to do with our immune system.” After removing the component from the mouse, Choi’s discovery was surprising. The type of cell called T cell which plays a key role in cell-mediated immunity, specifically Th1 and CTL, were greatly activated. In other words, chitinase-3-like-1 were acting as the deactivator of the T cells, which play a central role in battling cancer. Choi had two model mice in his experiment, one with the component and the other without it. He inserted cancer cells in both mice and compared the outcome. Expectedly, the mouse without the component showed much lower development of cancer while the other showed the opposite. This means by removing chitinase-3-like-1, which allows the T cells to be activated, immunity for cancer considerably increases. “The experiment let me figure out that if chitinase-3-like-1 are removed from our body, it could work as an excellent anticancer treatment.” Quenchingly, his question was answered by the result of his experiment. Choi and his students are conducting their research on chitinase-3-like-1. Based on his finding, Choi took another step to develop an anticancer drug. Since it is impossible to remove DNA from the human body, there had to be another way to remove the component from our body. Therefore, he went ahead and worked to create a drug that restrains the chitinase-3-like-1-creating DNA from producing more of the component. With a technique called RNA-interference which removes the undesired or mutated RNA in the body, Choi targeted the chitinase-3-like-1 RNA after converting it to RNA from DNA and attempted to remove the undesired component to increase cancer immunity. Using a technique called peptide-based drug delivery, Choi attached the RNA version of the component with peptide bonds in the drug and aimed to spread the medicament throughout the body. This resulted in deactivation of the chitinase-3-like-1-creating DNA and thus an escalation of cancer immunity. “Although it could take about a decade before this drug becomes commercialized and widely used, it could be a breakthrough once it does. The underlying prinicple of my research is always to produce a useful outcome that could actually be put into use and not just end in the lab. I could say that our establishment philosophy ‘Love in deed’ fits well with my goal,” smiled Choi. He emphasized that it is always important to sometimes question the basic things, even the things that are already proven to be a fact. Through his research and experiments, Choi wants to discover more unknown facts. Choi will continue his research to experiment with cells and create more drugs to be used practically. "'Love in deed' in the laboratory!" Jeon Chae-yun Photos by Choi Min-ju

2018-03 01

[General]Feminism and Its Problems

Feminism by definition refers to the belief that women should have political, economic and social equality with men. As studies have shown the correlation between the empowerment of women and the development of a society, achieving gender equality has been a goal for all societies. Especially with the widespread use of media, ideologies of feminist activists have affected both women and men all across the globe through what is known as the ‘three waves of feminism’ and their sub-branches. While feminism itself with all its good intentions has indeed empowered women to achieve wonders, feminism today is under fire under the accusation of having degenerated. Whether this accusation comes from those who are “anti-feminists” or those who are simply giving constructive criticism, it is a matter of another never-ending debate that revolves around the fine lines between the support of women’s rights, reverse discrimination, and blatant ignorance. "The more I have spoken about feminism, the more I have realized that fighting for women's rights has too often become synonymous with man-hating. If there is one thing I know for certain, it is that this has to stop." Emma Watson, actress To refresh our memories of the major feminist movements that led to what feminism is today, the history of feminism can be broken up into three main waves: the First Wave (19-20c) which dealt with women’s suffrage movements; the Second Wave (1960s-80s) where feminists saw women’s cultural and political inequalities as inextricably linked and recognized the sexist power structures within the society; and the Third Wave (1990s-present) where feminists are mainly divided between those who believe that there are distinct differences between the two sexes, and those who believe that there are no inherent differences between them and that gender roles are due to social conditioning. An example of a sub-branch of feminism is Separatist feminism which believes that women must initiate and maintain the separation from male-defined, male-dominated institutions, roles, relationships, and so on that are operating for the benefit and maintenance of male privilege. The feminist movement has indeed brought change not only in Western society where it originated, but also in other parts of the world. While it is an undeniable fact that women nowadays still do encounter discrimination in different parts of their lives, it is also true that we are better off than the past as we are provided with greater access to education, nearly equitable pay with men, legal protection, and so on. To make further progress, it is crucial to be able to reflect on where we are now exactly and to have clearer goals. Unfortunately, feminism has many branches which makes this harder, but if not dealt with now, it will only derive further conflict among people. Two problems of feminism One of the major problems of feminism is that unlike other movements, it doesn’t have any clearly defined or measurable goals to accomplish, which makes it absent of a definite end. In a sense, this means that it is impossible for some feminists to have a satisfying conclusion. This can be seen in the case where French, one of the major languages in Europe, is en peril mortel (“in mortal danger”). Some feminists argue that the gendered nature of French promotes sexist outcomes, and that it should be changed to become gender-neutral or gender-inclusive. To some, changing the core foundation of a language may sound bizarre, but for these radical feminists who believe that they must do whatever they can to free themselves from the inherently oppressive and dominating patriarchal system, it is another reminder of their struggles and suffering. “Feminism isn’t about making women strong. Women are already strong. It’s about changing the way the world perceives that strength.” G.D. Anderson (author) Another one of the few problems of feminism, is the fact that the term “anti-feminist” is used to silence academic debate about feminism. Being able to reflect and absorb constructive criticism is a crucial step to making improvements. However, when it comes from the opposite sex, some feminists label their opponents as “anti-feminists” and prevent them from identifying with feminist struggles, as men are supposedly granted inherent privileges that prevent them from truly understanding. When such criticism come from women, they too are seen as anti-feminists who have betrayed fellow women. Can we still call these women true feminists? What actually defines a true feminist? The current feminist trend in the West seems to show how a lot of the so-called feminists have forgotten that they actually have what other women in the world like Uganda and Somalia are struggling for in life-threatening situations. In Uganda, a man can claim a women as his wife through rape. These women aren’t provided with proper education or legal protection, and they are still denied moral and financial support. They are the ones who are truly oppressed while women in the West are coming up with “safe spaces” (created by teachers, educational institutions, or student bodies who refuse to tolerate certain topics) and “trigger warnings” (statements at the start of something to warn someone that it may possibly distress them) to “protect” themselves from the “oppressive patriarchal rape culture.” Too many young feminists are too occupied with their own constant struggle and supposed victimhood to reach out to the women who are truly suffering from oppression. Park Joo-hyun

2018-02 28

[Academics]What Makes People Prosocial

Have you ever wondered what makes some people particularly social and not others? Kim, Sanghag (Department of Sociology) tried to identify the relationship among empathy, attachment to parents, and prosociality. Prosociality refers to behaviors that are intended to benefit others. Kim mentioned that there was not a lot of research done to figure the relations among the aforementioned three aspects of human psychology. To make matters worse, research on empathy predominantly focused on older children from around 11 to 15 years of age, as morality was conceived as a cognitive process. Kim is enthusiastically explaining about his work. That focus has recently shifted to younger children – as young as just a few months old – and the findings in the differences in emotional empathy at such an early stage have emphasized the importance in the influence of nurture on empathy and the prosociality of a person. Kim stressed that one of the strengths of his recent paper titled, ‘Relational Antecedents and Social Implications of the Emotion of Empathy: Evidence from Three Studies’ is the quality of data that the team has collected over the course of 12 years. In order to discern the link among empathy, attachment, and prosociality, the research team had used three forms of studies: family study, play study, and the parent-child study. In the studies, a child’s empathy for either the mother or father was elicited under a scripted, stimulated distress paradigm, where the parents acted upon a detailed script to see the child’s reaction. The entire process was recorded for later coding, capturing the child’s expressions of emotion through facial, verbal, and behavioral means. The child’s attachment security was measured under the Strange Situation Paradigm (SSP) and the Attachment Q-Set. In the former measure, the child was left with a stranger and the action was analyzed through coding; while in the latter measure, the parents were asked about the attachment security. The last and probably the most important measure, the child’s prosociality was measured in a peer context in order to determine whether the child took turns when playing, askings for things nicely, and so on. The solid line represents a significant effect, and the dashed line represents a nonsignificant effect. Graph A represents the mother– child dyads and B for the father– child dyads. Further explanation is below. Photo courtesy of Kim Through such vigorous research from middle class families with various educational and ethnic backgrounds to high risk families with financial issues, Kim and the research team were able to draw lines between the factors. Attachment here turned out to be a moderated mediation. Moderated mediation is a statistical term where the effect of an independent variable A on an outcome variable C via a mediator variable B differs depending on the levels of a moderator variable D. In this context, the effect of ‘empathy’ on the outcomes ‘prosociality’ depends on the level of the moderator's ‘attachment security’, as you can see in the graph. There is an arrow pointing to the solid line between empathy and prosociality. What is surprising about the finding is the impact of empathy on prosociality, which is stronger when the attachment level is lower. This goes against the common perception that the better the relationship between the parents and a child, the better the child behaves in society. However, this does not necessarily mean that children are more prosocial when they have a bad relationship with their parents, but that the impact of empathy is noticeably stronger under an undesirable context. “This research will provide supporting evidence that prosocial behavior and empathy is at least partially due to the environment, as infants are a good subject to see the effects of nature and nurture. They do not have any other contaminating factors that the researchers have to take into account,” said Kim. "Don't be afraid to take the path that nobody else chooses. With the know-hows acquired from the deserted place, you will be able to succeed in the well known fields too," encouraged Kim. Kim, unlike most social science researchers, is highly interested in what induces positive aspects from people such as happiness, morality, and identity. “Social science and social psychology to be specific, are great tools in explaining to me and the people around me. What we feel, acknowledge, and learn is what makes this area so fascinating for me,” smiled Kim. He plans to continue his research further on the three key words both in Korea and in the United States. Kim So-yun Photos by Choi Min-ju