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South Korea has the reputation of having a competitive educational environment for students. Korean students are constantly either in school or in private educational institutions, spending about 15 hours a week just studying. However, the Korean educational model is always described as a very stressful, authoritarian, brutally competitive, and unidirectional educational method. The unidirectional, teacher-centered model has always been criticized as it hinders students from formulating their own thoughts. That is why Kim Dong-sik, professor of the Department of Educational Technology, and his two students Shin Yoon-hee and Jung Jae-won, collaborated in writing the paper, “The Effects of Representation Tool (Visible-Annotation) Types to Support Knowledge Building in Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning.” Process of collaborative knowledge construction (Photo courtesy of Kim) The adoption of technology as a learning mechanism has led to the wide use of online platforms such as knowledge forums and concept maps. Such online education platforms help to maximize the efficiency of learning and the cultivation of high-quality information through active discussions. Kim, Shin, and Jung emphasize that communication activities that include sharing professional knowledge and different perspectives can enhance the level of learning performance. However, being in a computer-supported collaborative learning (CSCL) environment in the absence of appropriate discussion tools can lead to ineffective learning processes and unsuccessful learning performance, due to a lack of accuracy during the knowledge-sharing stage and failure of fostering higher-quality knowledge construction for online discussion. Kim explains the importance of collaborative learning in his office on May 16th. To overcome the limitations, Kim, Shin, and Jung came up with a new tool of visible annotations, adopting the linking annotation method. This method basically links a participant’s contributions with the entire related text provided by the other participants or the instructor. It plays a significant role in forming a shared frame of reference from which to draw higher-level solutions through meaningful conversations. Kim, Shin, and Jung’s visible annotations can be seen as a developed version of the shared frame of reference which attempts to overcoming limitations of linked annotations, as it had no influence on promoting interactions aimed at clarification and interpretation. “Collaboration is crucial. There is collaboration everywhere in our society. We collaborate wherever we are, except at school. Education is unidirectional, and we want to change that,” said Kim. Structure of visible annotations (TLL type) (Photo courtesy of Kim) To investigate which representative tool type would enhance the accuracy of shared knowledge and foster a high level of constructed knowledge in the CSCL environment, Kim, Shin, and Jung came up with three types of visible annotations to test out on college students. They are TL type (content-understanding learning phase and content-understanding), TLL type (concept-understanding for key concepts, content-understanding, then problem-solving learning phase for completing the lesson) and C type (controlled content-understanding learning phase). The concept-understanding type of learning phase focuses on defining the meaning and explaining the pros and cons of key terms; the content-understanding learning phase focuses on asking, explaining, and commenting on the sentence-based learning content; and the problem-solving learning phase focuses on negotiating various opinions and deriving solutions for completing the lesson task. Shin is a very talented student, soon to receive her doctorate in educational technology. After weeks of experimenting, Kim, Shin, and Jung were able to conclude that the TLL type of visible annotation was the most effective in enhancing the accuracy of shared knowledge. “The conventional representation tool has limitations, as it cannot help shared knowledge reach a higher-quality cognitive domain as processes leading to problem awareness, opinion sharing, and collaborative troubleshooting have not been fully considered,” said Shin. Kim added, “TLL specifically divides the stage for the users to first understand the concept key words, then move on to the next step of understanding specific content, and then lastly create active discussions to help individuals consolidate their opinions based on accurate shared knowledge. That’s the true meaning of collaborative education." Park Joo-hyun email@example.com Photos by Kang Cho-hyun
Hanyang University held the opening ceremony of "COMMAX Startup Town" at the square in front of HIT, Seoul Campus, at 10 am on April 26th (Thursday). COMMAX Startup Town is a business incubation space created through a business agreement with the alumni company COMMAX (Chairman Byeon Bong-duk) to enable students to realize innovative and creative ideas and to activate university-based technology startups. This place is full of storage containers repurposed into 2 story buildings with 231.5 square meters in floor space. Some of the featured facilities are a unicorn room for founders, Decacon room, idea factory to help founders produce their prototypes, an area for networking, and a rest space. The opening ceremony was attended by Byeon Bong-Duk the Chairman of COMMAX, his wife Lee Mae-yeon, COMMAX President Byeon Woo-suk, Son Yong-Geun president of the Hanyang Alumni Association, and Yang Won-Chan honorary president of an alumni association. Kim Chong-ryang, chairman of Hanyang Foundation, Hanyang University President Lee Young-moo, Professor Choi Duck-kyun of the Division of Materials Science & Engineering (Executive Vice President, Academic Affairs) and Professor Lee Seung-chull of the Division of International Studies (Executive Vice President, Business& External Affairs) attended the ceremony. ▲ On April 26th, Chairman Byeon Bong-duk of Commax is greeting the opening ceremony of COMMAX Startup Town held at the plaza in front of HIT, Seoul Campus. ▲ (from the front row of the photo) President Lee Young-moo, Chairman Byeon Bong-duk of Commax, and his wife Lee Mae-yeon. ▲ On April 26th (Thursday), attendees at the opening ceremony of COMMAX Startup Town held at the plaza in front of HIT of Seoul Campus are performing the ribbon cutting ceremony. ▲ Participants are taking commemorative photos at the opening of COMMAX Startup Town held at the plaza in front of HIT, Seoul Campus on April 26th.
Hanyang University (headed by President Lee Young-moo) has been selected as the ‘Changemaker Campus’ as a college of global social innovation by Ashoka U (University) for the first time among East Asian Universities. Ashoka U is the higher education program of 'Ashoka,' an organization that discovers and supports social entrepreneurs as the world’s largest social innovation network. Prior to making the Changemaker Campus selection, Hanyang University was evaluated in three stages: a document screening, an onsite visit, and a panel review from the perspective of social innovation. The selection was finalized on April 15th. The Changemaker campuses help students realize their potential as a change maker in responding to a rapidly changing society and to lead to positive social change. As of May, more than 40 universities around the world, including Brown University, Cornell University, and Duke University are playing a role as Changemaker campuses. In Asia, the Singapore Business College (SMU) was selected for the first time in 2016. These universities are leading the way in which universities play a hub for social innovation by establishing a consortium through the Ashoka network. Professor Shin Hyun-sang, who is responsible for social innovation education at Hanyang University, said, “I am honored that our university is being recognized for social innovation education by Ashoka U, and that we were chosen as a Changemaker Campus.” He added, “We will contribute more in the field of social innovation by working with leading universities in the future.” Meanwhile, Hanyang University has been making efforts to open social entrepreneurship classes, create a new interdisciplinary major in social innovation, and establish a new department in global socio-economic studies (master’s degree) since 2015 in order to join the Changemaker Campuses. He also operated the social venture "Sibsi-ilbap," which has changed the lives of Seoul residents at the student level, and "Kidari Bank," the first financial public interest business organization at the university. *Ashoka: Ashoka means "to actively drown sorrow " in Sanskrit and is also the name of the emperor of India in the 3rd century B.C. He is a distinguished figure who came up with practical measures to promote the public interest, leading to massive social changes. This network is named after the emperor in that his achievements bear resemblance to a social entrepreneur who can change the patterns of society as a whole through sheer innovation.
The office of Sajamajo is small, but packed with a vibrant atmosphere. Everywhere you look, photos of the association’s activities, paperwork of future plans, and various props for upcoming events can be seen. It is a clear scene of passion, especially considering the fact that all its members work for no wages. So what exactly is Sajamajo? It is an association of merchants that are situated on Majo Street, the streets that are located right outside the university’s campus. Simply told, the majority of the restaurants and bars surrounding Hanyang University are included in the association. To find out more about the organization, News H visited the president of Sajamajo, Lim Tae-hyun. A picture board in the office of Saramajo displaying past activities of the association Introducing Sajamajo The name Sajamajo is a combination of two words: saja and majo. Saja in Korean means lion, which is the mascot character that represents Hanyang University. The word majo has traditional depth, as it had been the name of an organization that was established in the Koryeo era (918 – 1392). It is said that the Majo-dan worked to contain the spread of diseases in its area, and that area happens to be the very location of our school. This is why the government, in the re-issuing project of national addresses, named the street Majo-ro. Sajamajo combines these two words, representing its local heritage and its close connection to Hanyang University. Although a merchant association had existed in the area since 1969, it was a rather nominal entity. No projects on the regional nor government level had been pursued, and there had not been many activities at all. This was the case until Sajamajo was established in 2015. The new association constituted of an executive team, a business team, and its members. A regular meeting was scheduled every two weeks, and the activities of the association became more systemized. Since its establishment, the streets of Majo have changed significantly, with projects on the roads, street lamps, parks, and so on. Rather than a gathering of shop owners for the purpose of increasing profit, Sajamajo works to fundamentally change the environment of its streets. Lim Tae-hyun is a founding member, as well as the first and the current president of Saramajo. Of course, this renovation was not made easily. According to Lim, the most difficult task in leading Sajamajo in the initial stage was attaining members. “We began with only 10 members. Now we have more than 70," mentioned Lim. It took much effort and persuasion on Lim’s part to have achieved this growth. There are still many shops on Majo Street that are not members of the association, but Lim added that a couple of shop owners approach Sajamajo each month. Activities Some of the specific projects that Saramajo has pursued were the reconstruction of the roadwork on Majo Street, which used to be bleak, concrete roads that were worn out after years of use. Now the bumpy streets have been smoothed out and recolored to add a modern touch. Furthermore, the street lamps were improved to provide better lighting, and projectors were installed around the streets to depict various messages. Extensive artwork was also painted across the wall of the metro stations and walls, encouraging visitors to take pictures. Street markets, traditional holiday events, singing competitions, elderly volunteer work, are just a few of their projects. Lim commented that the biggest change that has come along with the success of the projects was the amount of promotion. Through SNS platforms and various blogs, the streets of Majo gained huge recognition. As a result, more people came to visit the area. The repainted roads of Majo Street (Photo courtesy of Seongdong District Office) These successful projects would have never been realized without the efforts of Sajamajo. To accomplish them, Lim had to attend various government project meetings, submit business plans, and prepare extensive project plans. Other than attaining project contracts, Lim visits other merchant associations to exchange information and to benchmark other projects. According to Lim, there is still a long way to go. “Our next big project is expanding parking spaces, and aside from that, I am hoping to strengthen cooperation with Hanyang University." Lim’s idea is that Hanyang students are essential visitors and consumers of the Majo markets. Therefore, he would like to establish a cooperation that could benefit both groups. For example, there could be street performances given by the school vocal clubs or weekend flea markets supported by students. A closing message “I want Majo Street to be a place that people want to walk through and really enjoy. Enjoyment for the eyes, the ears, and the appetite as well,” claimed Lim. Though he has achieved much in building the infrastructure to realize his dream, Lim sees the next step being the attraction of more visitors. Naturally, he allocates much of his time to extending promotion, through internet platforms and banners across the streets. One of his main areas of concern is how quickly shops in the area close and get replaced by others. Not only does this rate affect the value of the commercial sphere, he sees it as a deterioration of tradition. On that note, he wished to urge more students to take part in the various events held at the association. “I think it would be a great chance for both the school and our district to shine brighter." Kiosks, which provide a variety of information about local restaurants such as descriptions, locations, and menus, can now be found on the corners of Majo Street. Lee Chang-hyun firstname.lastname@example.org Photos by Lee Jin-myung
The field of physics is largely divided into three categories: particle, optics, and condensed matter physics. Especially in the field of particle physics, the Standard Model is a theory that explains almost every phenomenon in the universe. However, how would you feel if something that you’ve been trusting for the last 50 years turned out to be wrong? Professor Cheon Byung-gu (Department of Physics), is trying to solve this question through his new research project titled "Study of Heavy Flavor Physics using e+ e- Collision." News H met Cheon Byung-gu (Department of Physics) to hear more about New Physics. The Standard Model is a theory describing three of the four fundamental forces in the universe, which are the electromagnetic, weak, and strong interactions, not including the gravitational force, along with classifying all known elementary particles This has been believed to be consistent due to successfully providing all experimental predictions, but leaves certain phenomena, such as dark matter and dark energy, unexplained. Therefore, this signifies there is a certain particle that has not yet been discovered and yet must be in existence. Cheon, therefore, is developing and planning to proceed with research through a Belle Ⅱ experiment, to search for this very particle. Cheon proceeds with his experiment through colliding an electron and a positron together to uncover a new particle through rare decay events. They are so extremely small that making these two particles collide is extremely difficult; therefore, it can only be done using special vehicles, the SuperKEKB collider and the Belle Ⅱ detector, which is a kind of microscope capable of seeing objects smaller than a nucleus. Once these new particles are discovered, they could provide the foundation for a novel theory named New Physics, beyond the Standard Model. An image of an electron and a positron colliding, making an occurance of new particles seen as blue lines. (Photo courtesy of Cheon) The Super KEKB shoots countless electrons from one side and positrons from the other side, providing an instantaneous luminosity 40 times higher than that of the previous KEKB collider. Then the Belle Ⅱ detector identifies the particles, using seven kinds of sub-detector systems, including a calorimeter trigger system, that selects events that are valuable enough to investigate further. The researchers could have better sorted sets of events to analyze through this detector at real time operation, which Hanyang University group is leading its own independent line. Cheon’s final goal is to find a New Physics phenomenon beyond the current Standard Model through the Belle Ⅱ. These physical studies might not look like something that could directly be connected to everyday life. However, much of our abundant technology in our life has its foundation in physics. “Medical technological skills such as X-ray, CT, and PET detectors all started with knowledge of physics. In the field of physics, new discoveries and new acknowledgements contribute to the mental wealth of humankind,” said Cheon. "Don't be afraid to show your abilities as a world leader!" Cheon is currently working not only as a researcher, but also continues his lectures and manages academic affairs as the dean of the Department of Physics. He has online meetings with researchers in Japan every week to continue his research, trying to let his students improve to be talented people who can contribute to society. “I wish to provide my students with an environment where they can work with foreign researchers. I hope all Hanyangians in the 21st century will also be willing to look not only at Korea, but to the whole world.” On Jung-yun email@example.com Photos by Kang Cho-hyun
The development of smart technology has brought forth a spectacular display of new products in recent years. Under the common label "smart," smartphones, smartwatches, smart homes and other technology used to gather, process, and analyze massive amounts of data have now seeped into some of the most critical parts of our daily lives. In fact, the only limit on the ways of utilizing this technology is our imaginations. In this sense, Professor Bae Ji-hyun (Department of Clothing and Textiles) has made a new attempt to tear down another wall between smart technology and an essential component of our lives: clothing. Introducing the clothes of the future In essence, Bae’s research is an adaptation of wearable devices. Specifically, she aims to introduce electronic devices to our everyday clothing. Among a diverse array of available options, this research targets the field of healthcare. The idea is that by planting electronic devices in our clothes, we can codify data such as bio-signals, physical movements, or even environmental changes to monitor our health status. Generally speaking, clothing and electronic devices intuitively dawn on us as two very disparate domains. This probably has to do with the nature of clothing, which necessitates regular washing, as well as the imaginable discomfort of having metallic devices attached to our clothes. So how does Bae plan to overcome this fixation? The secret is in the fabric. Bae Ji-hyun (Department of Clothing and Textiles) uses a prototype glove to give an explanation of her research. The functional fibers in the glove allow movements to be detected and transmitted in the form of electrical signals. In the big picture of introducing electronic devices to clothing, Bae’s specific area of research is the development of functional fibers that can act as sensors. Furthermore, she has to design the textile organization in a way that allows it to be woven into a wearable form. By endowing fiber, the most basic unit of clothing, with the ability to react to stimuli such as light, movement, and temperature, we could use clothing to transmit, store, and analyze a variety of changes. According to Bae, the most prominent method to enable this function is by mixing conductive macromolecule particles or nano-particles in the process of weaving the fiber strands. Another common method is to coat ordinary thread, such as nylon or silk, with functional substances. Although Bae’s research is only in its initial stage, the projected benefits of the study raise great anticipation. For one, it will bring an immense improvement to the quality of healthcare for the elderly. This is especially timely considering the growth of the elderly population in our society. Not only will smart clothes reduce the cost of healthcare for retired citizens, it will provide higher efficiency by constantly monitoring and diagnosing the state of the wearer. It can also be used to service the disadvantaged such as the monitoring of infants or people with disabilities. Bae also expressed the hope of adapting this new technology to assist the activities of people working under dangerous conditions, such as soldiers or fire fighters, to improve their safety. As previously mentioned, the ways in which the technology can be used is only limited by our imaginations. (a) The sensor part of the glove woven with conductive fiber (b) The change of resistance value following the movement of the finger (c) Demonstration of a sign language detection system using the conductive-fiber based glove (Photo courtesy of Bae) The background story It has only been a year since Bae was recruited as a professor at Hanyang University. Prior to the position as a professor, she worked at an electronics company. Having earned her degree in textile engineering, Bae became immersed in the relationship between textiles and electronic technology while working at the firm. “Once I saw the connection, there were so many possibilities that became obvious to me," answered Bae. Through her previous firm, she was able to participate in a government project to develop wearable devices, providing her with an insight into the prospect of the technology. According to Bae, the hardest part of her research so far has been the novelty of the field. As is true in the case of most technologies these days, her research requires extensive collaboration with other fields. For the immediate research of smart clothes, the fields of electronic engineering and textiles are crucial. Furthermore, as the target of her research is the field of healthcare, some medical insight is also required. Other than that, convergence with a wide scope of academic fields is necessary in order to consider the subsidiary details of the research, such as the environmental impact of the product or the economic costs of commercializing the technology. However, a lack of public interest in the field makes it difficult for Bae to secure opportunities for cooperation with other fields. Although most of Bae's existing joint research projects are done through external networks, she hopes that internal convergence studies at Hanyang will also take place soon. Efforts as an educator Despite the difficulties of her research, Bae confessed that the hardest part of her job is teaching students. As she had no prior experience of interacting with pupils, she devotes a significant amount of her hours to understanding the needs of her students. “I believe that my current priority is to figure out how to be a good professor to my students,” added Bae. Bae wants to encourage students to maintain an open attitude when communicating with others. “Even in joint research, you need to have respect for others’ expertise in their respective fields, as well as an open mind to approach a common problem from diverse directions.” Bae argued that the same holds true for human interaction, which is an important lesson to take to heart when entering society. In the end, she believes that the synergy created from interactions and convergence is what provides us with the momentum to grow. Lee Chang-hyun firstname.lastname@example.org Photos by Lee Jin-myung
The ERICA campus of Hanyang University recently concluded an industry-academia cooperation agreement with Samtan Art Mine (representative Sohn Hwa-soon) for securing off-season tourists in coal mining villages. Samtan Art Mine is an art and culture complex made from abandoned mines in Jeongseon coal mines in Gangwondo. They are also famous as a filming location in the popular drama Descendents of the Sun starting actress Song Hye-Kyo and actor Song Jung-Ki. Samtan Art Mine was looking for a novel idea to solve the problem of "securing low-demand tourists," which is a constant issue of companies in Gangwondo. Thus, ERICA campus of Hanyang University, which is famous for activating Problem Based Learning (PBL), joined the project. Through this agreement, Samtan Art Mine aims to generate profits and revitalize the local economy, and ERICA campus at Hanyang University expects students to improve their problem solving abilities. In accordance with the agreement, Samtan Art Mine provides support for the cost of classes, support for on-the-job training during the vacation, and ERICA campus of Hanyang University adopts the strategy of securing low-demand customers as a class task for one semester. The institution has also promised to operate the "Critical Quality Attributes (CQA)" that is necessary for the provision. Students will present the results of their work at Gangwondo and Hanyang University ERICA campus in May and June, respectively, and all rights to the results will be owned by Samtan Art Mine. Professor Jeon Sang-gil, who has a leading position in instructing PBL classes, said, "The PBL class is a good way to raise problem solving abilities in the problem solving process. I expect a lot of exchanges." he said. Sohn said, " Through the cooperation with the ERICA campus of Hanyang University, I would like to clearly mark the identity established by Samtan Art Mine for many years and share the results with residents of Jeongseon area, Gangwondo, and ERICA campus of Hanyang University”.
From the 27th to the 30th of April, the 73rd National Assortment Gymnastics Championship, hosted by the Korea Sports Promotion Foundation, took place in Jecheon Gymnasium. Hanyang University’s (HYU's) gymnastics team also actively took part, resulting in the splendid achievement of three students winning medals. News H met these three heros: Kim Tae-hwan (Sport Coaching, 4th year), Im Chang-do (Sport Coaching, 3rd year) and Kim Dong-hwi (Sport Coaching, 2nd year) in the Olympic Gymnasium. From left to right, Kim Tae-hwan, Im Chang-do and Kim Dong-hwi. (Photo courtesy of Sajahoo) As a representative of Hanyang Kim Tae-hwan, the team leader, won bronze in rings and horizontal bar, Im received gold in horizontal bar and bronze in parallel bar, and Kim Dong-hwi earned a silver in vault. The National Assortment Gymnastics Championship, the first competition in this year’s season, is especially important to all gymnasts as it determines their pride as university representatives. After the championship was over, all three students showed a sense of relief and regret at the same time. Kim Dong-hwi was injured during the preparing period, so the championship’s result gave him an especially great delight. “I couldn’t prepare as much as my fellow players, but I am extremely relieved with my result. I simply think I was very lucky and will practice harder,” reminisced Kim Dong-hwi. Now that the National Assortment Gymnastics Championship are over, the three students took a short rest and prepare for the next national games, taking place in August. However, in order to get enough practice during a season, a day is too short for all athletes at HYU. All three students major in Sport Coaching, which is a division within the ERICA Campus in Ansan, but live and practice at the Seoul Campus. Therefore, they wake up at 6 o’clock to get to their classes on time, and return back to Seoul in the afternoon. Then they spend three hours practicing in the Olympic Gymnasium until 10 o’clock. It is indeed a harsh schedule for anyone, trying to find success both in academics and in training, so they tend to rely on each other to get better results. News H was able to find them still in the Olympic Gymnasium even after the game was finished. The life of a gymnast All three students started gymnastics at a very young age, without any determinate thoughts. Kim Tae-hwan and Im Chang-do both started in their second grade of elementary school on the recommendation of their teachers, solely for fun. They simply did what they were told, found they had talent in it, and arrived at their current destination of HYU. “I didn’t have particular interest in gymnastics until recently. However, I found out that exercising and managing myself physically was fun,” said Kim Tae-hwan. Kim Dong-hwi laughed out, “I started sports because the gym gave us candies.” These not-so-impressive little chances changed their lives - these students who are just about to become professionals. Kim Dong-hwi hasn't fully recovered from his finger injury sustained before the championship, but still achieved a great result. Despite their passion towards gymnastics, their current situation at school is not as welcoming. The HYU gymnastics team consists of two students from each grade, making a total of eight athletes. However in 2014, this team was on the verge of disperse, due to financial problems within HYU. The gymnastics team, along with the judo and track team, was temporarily eliminated, until a demonstration was made to receive these teams back. After these incidents, the gymnastics team is still lacking financial aid and are continuing the practices through their own willpower. They suffer with countless injuries, especially with their shoulders, backs, and ankles, but are continuing their practices to achieve better results. All of these students had the same goal – to lead the HYU gymnastics team to victory. They all had their individual dreams as professionals, but at the same time had their own pride as a Hanyangians. “I want to change the perception of people to think of HYU when they hear the word gymnastics,” smiled Kim Dong-hwi. By spending most of the day together as friends, a family, and a team, all three athletes created a single, bright atmosphere. Now these students are off and ready to express themselves in all the tournaments facing them. The HYU gymnastics team is planning to practice hard again before the next big event in August, to show their abilities even more. On Jung-yun email@example.com Photos by Lee Jin-myeong
Hanyang University will establish a training course for nuclear dismantling, as well as decontamination and waste management technology, at the Graduate School of Nuclear Engineering from September of this year. Their goal is to train experts on dismantling nuclear power plants. Nuclear dismantling technology is becoming increasingly popular in the world, but there are not many experts in Korea. The new process will be developed to nurture talented people with backgrounds in fusion and complex management in the field of decontamination and waste management, which is a core element of the nuclear dismantling industry. Nuclear engineering, mechanical engineering, and civil engineering undergraduate degree holders are welcome to apply. The selected students will receive scholarships to train in energy manpower projects conducted by the Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning, as well as various educational programs such as academic theory education and research, on-site training, and overseas dismantling field trips. The application period will be held from May 3rd to 10th, and the interviews will be conducted on the 26th. Details can be found on the homepage of the Graduate School of Hanyang University (http://www.grad.hanyang.ac.kr).
Each year, hundreds of people prepare for the press examination as well as interviews to become reporters. Passing the whole process for each broadcasting company is such an arduous journey that people even refer to it as a type of state level examination. Yang Won-bo (Political Science and International Studies, ’04) is a JTBC political journalist of 13 years who overcame the challenge and is currently living his dream as a reporter. How it all started “Ever since I can remember, I’ve always wanted to become a newspaper reporter. I started working for The Segye Times, a Korean newspaper company, in 2005, and for 13 years I’ve been working as a political journalist.” During those 13 years, Yang was also scouted by the JoongAng Ilbo, which is one of Korea’s three biggest newspaper companies. Now he is proudly working as a political journalist at JTBC, a broadcasting company which is also part of the JoongAng Ilbo’s cable TV network. “I always pictured myself going to the Blue House and interviewing people,” said Yang. Yang admits that becoming a news reporter was quite hard. Not only is the press examination itself a gruesome process, but even after you pass the exam, you won’t make it if you fail to appeal to the head of the broadcasting company. It is quite common to see someone who got rejected by one broadcasting company become a reporter in another. Luckily for Yang, he was able to get through the whole process within a year after graduating. Working as a broadcast journalist Yang worked as a newspaper reporter for six years. It was only after he started working at JTBC in 2013, that he became a political broadcast journalist. According to Yang, even though both professions are refered to as “journalist” or “reporter,” they are two completely different jobs. It took Yang by surprise when he was told to write a short article based on a phone call soon after he became a broadcast journalist. In his previous job, all articles were based on the number of manuscript pages. “I found out later on that I was only supposed to write a few sentences. In a way, it baffled me because I always thought that writing was an essential part of being a reporter. Only after I started working and gained more experience as a broadcast reporter did I realize that it is a respectable job as it requires you to really think like a TV program producer, picturing every single scenario possible when reporting on an issue.” Yang also emphasized how crucial it was not to make any news bloopers and to be prepared for all kinds of situations in order to properly and promptly deliver the message to viewers. He recalled last year’s Gyeongju earthquake incident, and he described how anchor Son, JTBC’s main anchor, was able to deliver the news on the spot without any preparation while it took much longer for other broadcasting companies to finally make a report. Yang ready to report in the JTBC newsroom (Photo courtesy of Yang) Unforgettable moments When asked about an unforgettable moment as a reporter, Yang right away picked the “Choi Sun-shil incident.” Yang believes that journalism is all about withstanding strong pressure. “The reason why I respect anchor Son so much is because he persevered through all the internal and external pressure that former President Park Geun-hye gave him to get him off the case. October 24th, 2016 was the historical day that JTBC reported about Choi’s tablet PC incident, which worked as a trigger leading to the impeachment of former President Park.” He recalled how that night, all the political journalists stayed up all night, anxiously waiting for a response from the Blue House. The next day, late in the afternoon, former President Park finally made an official apology, admitting her relation to Choi. This is the only case where a news report alone acted as a strong trigger to actually bring down a powerful authority. Of course, working as a journalist does not always carry benefits. According to Yang, there are times when you have to report a certain issue that involves someone you know. When you have to criticize them, it ruins your relationship with that person, and most of the time it is unamendable. This also happened to Yang, but he stood his ground as it is a journalist’s job to deliver facts and not get swayed by personal emotions. “I strongly believe that it is crucial for a journalist to remain unswayed by dichotomous logic and to take on the watchdog role of keeping authority in check,” said Yang. He ended the interview expressing a hope that there are more Hanyang students challenging themselves and not giving up on becoming journalists, as it is a job people can be proud of. Park Joo-hyun firstname.lastname@example.org Photos by Lee Jin-myeong
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