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2016-10 24

[Alumni]Yoyoma’s Kitchen, a music-filled restaurant

Cervantes, the Spanish writer, once said that “Where there’s music, there can be no evil”. Music with positive vibes has strong impacts on people. Do Boo-min (Department of String and Wind Instruments, '82), a cellist and businessman, runs the famous restaurant 'Yoyoma’s Kitchen' in Seocho-dong, Seoul. Although Do is currently more in the field of business than orchestral music, he has successfully combined the two to create a unique restaurant. Opening the Restaurant In Yoyoma’s Kitchen, Do owns a workshop with string musical instruments such as the violin and the cello in the basement. He retained this workshop for 15 years and before that, he used to play for the Korean Symphony Orchestra, one of the most renowned orchestras in Korea, as a cellist. After Do retired from the orchestra, he started wondering about what to do next and went traveling to Hong Kong. While looking around there, he saw some cellos from a shop window and went inside. While talking with the owner of the shop, Do was offered a business partnership. Although he got back and researched musical instrument shops, waiting to be contacted, the anticipated call never came. Do Boo-min, cellist and restaurant owner Do started off small 15 years ago, just opening up an instrument workshop on his own. Because the business did better than expected, he thought of starting up a new workshop along with it. “I thought my business would continue to sell this many instruments until the end,” said Do. However, he was faced with the global economic crisis around the year 2008, and could not keep maintaining his workshop only as it was. “Since there was too much space in the workshop, I thought of starting a café for efficiency.” After having opened up his café and run it for over a year, Do was given the idea to change it into a restaurant. “An interior designer came up to me and commented that it would be great for a restaurant and workshop to be combined in the same space instead of a café, and I agreed to that idea,” said Do. Since Do admired the famous cellist Yoyoma, Do named the new restaurant after him. That is how Yoyoma’s Kitchen came to be. Music and Restaurant After opening up Yoyoma's Kitchen, the restaurant became very famous for its interior, as well as the food it served. Because a restaurant with a music workshop was not a common concept, it worked quite well business-wise. “My place was filled with customers who wanted to enjoy their meals and gaze at the musical instruments around them,” said Do. It is located in Seocho-dong, close to the Seoul Arts Center (SAC), which is a frequented spot for many musicians. “A lot of musicians come to my restaurant to and from their way to the SAC, and others just stop over to look around the place,” explained Do. Do, proud of the interior of Yoyoma's kitchen Yoyoma’s Kitchen has a special distinction from other restaurants, in that small music performances are held there. House concerts, meaning concerts held inside the restaurant, takes place twice a month. Sometimes the profits made through the concerts are used for helping the needy. Performers are mostly professors from universities and musicians who are affiliated with Do from orchestras or through recommendations. Sometimes Do also plays the cello himself as a performer. Do mentioned that the cello has its charm in creating sounds similar in tone to the human voice. “It has the vibration that resonates inside people. The deep sound of it draws me in every time I hear it,” said Do. Do, as a musician, plans to volunteer through his amateur orchestra, and as a businessman, wishes that his restaurant becomes more widely known. Due to the love that he has for music, Do says that his future businesses will also be somehow related to music. Do has practical suggestions for students in the music department. “It is a blessing to be a musician, but often economic circumstances do not allow many to become or stay as one. You must become the best in the field or it would be better to just enjoy music as a hobby, since it is realistically very hard to live as a professional musician,” said Do. Kim Seung-jun nzdave94@hanyang.ac.kr Photos by Choi Min-ju

2016-10 19

[Faculty]Bionano Technology Leading the Medical Industry

Professor Choo Jae-beom of the Department of Bionano Engineering is a researcher who studies bionano microfluidics, a study which practical applications to systems in which small volumes of fluids are handled, and develops models that help diagnose different diseases such as respiratory tract infection, and cancer. As shown through his research, “Wash-free magnetic immunoassay of the PSA cancer marker using SERS and droplet microfluidics,” the significance of his research is that it will allow doctors to detect such diseases in patients within a short period of time. The previous study that Choo had worked on was using pregnancy diagnostic apparatus and the strips to discover different types of diseases. The diagnoses took about 5 weeks, which is usually how long it takes for expectant mothers to find out whether they are pregnant or not. Diagnoses using the microfluidic chips instead of pregnancy diagnostic apparatus will now only take about one week. What is more important is that it will give much more accurate results compared to the last model. When diseases such as MERS or Zika suddenly appears, there are two things to be taken care of. First, there must be a vaccine to cure the disease and second, the diagnosis of the disease should be quick to discover the new virus. If such diseases hadn’t been known to humankind, there would be no medicine available in the first place. This is why Choo’s research is so important. Shortening the time to analyze the DNA structures of the disease taken from a patient’s blood sample, then decoding it to suggest a cure for the illness will help save many more lives. ▲ Professor Choo is holding the silicon mold Professor Choo’s research points toward methods in detecting prostate cancer at an early stage using microfluidic chips instead of strips. Using strips used to have the method of developing the pregnancy diagnostic apparatus to detect different types of viruses but the new research has taken the equipment to a whole different level. The new hypersensitive protein diagnosis platform technology is carried out through a semiconductor process to build a silicon mold. Nanoparticles with the microfluidic chips are added inside a mold to hold the samples altogether so that when blood sample is mixed together, the nanoparticles will decidedly combine with the viruses. Once the particles are hit with laser beams, the concentration rate of the virus will be revealed. Knowing the concentration of such viruses is important since all diseases have cut-off points to determine whether the patient is actually contaminated with the virus or not. The goal of Choo and his research team is to develop an early diagnosis system for infectious diseases using the microfluidic system and through that, developing the vaccine that can just eliminate the viruses. Since the old methods of analyzing the DNA results in a higher percentage of error and takes much longer, Choo is trying to develop his model to be more sensitive, accurate and fast in terms of detecting the viruses. Microfluidic chips and an optical measuring system combined allows the blood sample to become naturally absorbed within the channel. By measuring the strength of the signals, the virus concentration can be detected. There are different types of nanoparticles, involving elements such as gold (Au) or silver (Ag) and a combination of other elements as well. This is because certain signals are captured when hit with laser beams, and the specific types of disease-provoking protein and DNAs are washed out and the leftover particles within the mold will result in a higher concentration of virus. ▲ Professor Choo explains about the microfluidic chip Myocardial infarction, cancer, or hormone disorders used to be what Choo focused on in the present studies along with the help of several doctors. Because new, unknown infectious diseases like MERS will become such an issue in the future, he will be working to develop a method to diagnose them in a short period of time. The technique being used now takes a whole lot of time since it requires a certain amount of blood sample from the patient, with particles needing to be separated using a centrifuge. More procedural steps follow. Strip methods are convenient but with the low sensitivity detection, it is hard to be sure whether the patient is infected with a certain virus or not. This is why decoding blood samples using the microchip reading method, which is fast, precise, and does not require much processes compared to the other analysis methods, is the future study that Choo will be focusing on. Kim Seung-jun nzdave94@hanyang.ac.kr Photos by Moon Ha-na

2016-10 19

[Student]Music Never Stops

The experience of attending a piano concert can be truly unforgettable. The exhilarating moment, in which music seems to run inside the veins and pump the heart, invoke people to applaud heartily for the performers. The players live for the moment of ovation, the driving force of their arduous practice which blossoms into another great showcase that would move the emotions of the audience. This dramatic sensation is what moves the pianist Lee Jae-hyun (Department of Piano, 4th year) to strive for his best to give his best performance. Winner of Four Competitions Lee is a young but promising piano player who won four competitions: the 3rd Chuncheon National Music Concours (1st place), the 8th Korea Herald Music Competition (2nd place), the 48th Nanpa Concours (2nd place), and the 35th Competition of the Music Association of Korea (3rd place). Talented student pianists from top universities participate in these contests. Especially, the prestigious Nanpa Concours boasts an old history, and the Chuncheon National Music Concours awards a 300,000-won prize with an opportunity to give a performance with a full orchestra. “These were the last piano competitions that I could participate in before going to Germany to study. I feel honored to be granted the chance to perform with the orchestra of Chuncheon city,” Lee said. ▲ Lee was awarded at piano competitions such as the 3rd Chuncheon National Music Concours, the 8th Korea Herald Music Competition, and the 48th Nanpa Concours. The two music pieces that Lee practiced for the competitions are Franz Liszt’s Rhapsodie Espagnole and Sonata in B Minor. “Rhapsodie Espagnole is a high-level composition piece modeled on Spanish folk songs. The interesting aspect of the introduction is that it gives the performer autonomy regarding the way that it is played. The whole piece alternates between major and minor, creating dark and beautiful atmospheres. Sonata in B Minor has a silent beginning but becomes fancier as the music goes on.” Lee says that to play the piano well, it is important to see the music score and think about what the artist had in mind when he or she was composing the piece. “These pieces are my favorites, and I played them for about two years. I think the reason I could do well in the competitions was due to the familiarity and deep understanding of the pieces, in addition to the technical difficulties of the songs which impressed the judges,” Lee explained. Tears and Smiles of a Pianist “I was seven when I started playing the piano. This was because I wanted to get complimented by my family and relatives when I played the instrument.” When Lee was young, he simply played the piano for fun. However, as he went to Busan High School of Arts, Lee became more serious about the instrument because he decided it as his major. It was during his high school years when Lee reassured himself that the piano was his career path. Being picked as an annual performer for the Geumjeong Art Spot when he was a senior at high school, Lee performed a piano piece with an orchestra in front of 1,300 people. “I don’t remember much of what I did while playing, but what I clearly recall is the applause and cheers from my audience. It was the best moment of my life that I cherish in my heart. That makes me stay strong and keep on going,” Lee reminisced. However, there were a lot of times when Lee wanted to give up playing the piano, both because of financial and personal reasons. “There are so many talented people out there, and I thought I wasn’t skilled enough as I experienced failure in some competitions. Even so, I thought that the piano is what I am most competent at. Considering it as my greatest ability, I made up my mind to not back down and continue my practices once again.” Lee was able to win awards in four competitions in part because of this resolution. Lee is planning to study in Germany this year or the next, in order to receive Master’s and Doctoral degrees in piano. He wants to become a professional pianist and after that, he wants to educate and foster future pianists. Lee advised, “Playing the piano or any kind of musical instrument in front of people is an artistic performance, evaluation of which depends on how the player actually does on stage. However, I want to emphasize that the stage is not everything. Practicing is most important, no matter how much time it costs. It’s beneficial to always practice with the attitude that ‘I am here on the stage, right now, at this moment’.” ▲ Lee on the stage at a piano contest. (Photo courtesy of Lee Jae-hyun) Jang Soo-hyun luxkari@hanyang.ac.kr Photos by Kim Youn-soo

2016-10 19

[Faculty]Leader of Korean Civil Law

Korea went through massive economic development since the 1970s. Various aspects of Koreans’ lives also greatly shifted along with it. Life expectency increased alongside quality of life. With the efforts of numerous citizens, democracy and human rights are now more settled in Korean society than it has ever been. To reflect new changes in society, it was essential for civil law, which adheres most closely to the lives of individuals, to develop as well. One former Supreme Court judge, Yang Chang soo, contributed highly to the development of Korean civil law. He is now a professor at Hanyang University’s School of Law. Yang majored in law at university and passed the Korean judicial examination in 1974, the year when he graduated. He first started his career as a judge for the Seoul Central District Court, and then later spent 20 years teaching law at a university. Then, in 2008, he was nominated as a Supreme Court judge, a position he held until 2014. After his retirement from the Court, Yang chose HYU and started teaching law here. It has now been two years since Yang started teaching at HYU. One of the reasons behind choosing HYU derived from the fact that HYU puts in a lot of effort in improving the quality of law education as an institution. “I appreciate that I am now back where I belong. I regard myself more as an educator than a jurist,” said Yang. Even when Yang worked diligently as a jurist, he also paid good amount of attention in setting the right direction of Korean law and how to educate it properly to students who are preparing to be a jurist. ▲ Yang was a jurist in the Seoul Central District Court and the Supreme Court. In between, he worked as a law professor. One of Yang’s most remarkable achievements was to write the ‘Study of Civil Law’ series in nine volumes. “While I was working as a judge at the Seoul Central District Court, I realized there weren’t many detailed researches or papers done on civil conflicts that are actually occurring within Korea,” said Yang. To supplement existing civil law and to suggest a new perspective to it, Yang started to write the law series from 2004. It was a great hit after a while it was published, being acknowledged by courts in Korea. Regional courts bought hundreds of Yang’s books to designate them as a new material to educate judges working in the court. Even until today, Yang’s publications are reputed to be one of the best that built fundamental frames of Korean civil law while upgrading it to the next level. After 20 years of working as a law professor, Yang reached the highest authority of law- serving as a judge for the Korean Supreme Court from 2008 to 2014. As the magnitude of the position implies, there were tremendous amounts of tasks to be done on a daily basis. “Every judge at the Supreme Court has to deal with more than 3000 cases a year, which made my life quite hectic at the time,” recalled Yang. Even though there was a considerable amount of duties he had to bear, Yang mentioned how his years of being a Supreme Court judge was a very momentous time in his life. “I was glad to have participated in the Korea’s top judiciary during the years when the country was reforming its laws based on different social economic circumstances,” commented Yang. Yang always tries to deliver to students what is important in law. “When we look into the Korean Constitution, there are 10 rules that state the basic rights of an individual to pursue his or her happiness, including the responsibility of the state to ensure a citizen’s basic rights. Korea was a society with a huge Confucian influence in the past, which emphasizes the duty of an individual to a group, society, and a state. I think law shows which path the nation should take in the future- that is to put more priority in protecting and supporting every citizen’s rights, which will naturally lead to a country where democracy and the economy flourishes.” ▲ Yang emphasized to students to develop an insight to deal with different situations flexibly. Yang left advice for HYU students, including those who dream to work in the field of law. “Of course, it is important to understand and study facts in textbooks, improving one’s ability in thinking and analyzing logically. However, I believe that what more important is to emotionally understand and imagine in different circumstantial cases in courts. I don’t think this should be confined to certain fields of jobs. It encompasses other field of studies or jobs that HYU students will strive for with passion,” said Yang. Yun Ji-hyun uni27@hanyang.ac.kr Photos by Choi Min-ju

2016-10 10

[Student]Future Assignment of Territory Reunification

Hosted by Chosun Ilbo, the Korea Planning Association, and the Korea Developer Association, the Future Assignment of Territory Reunification contest was held from May 5th to August 8th this year. Having gotten through roughly three months of fierce competition, Han Jang-hee (Architecture, 3rd year) and Yoon Jun-hyeok (Architecture, 3rd year) of Hanyang University (HYU) won the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport Minister Prize on September 29th. This contest was significant in that it was held for the first time, and participants had to imagine the cityscape of North Korean cities after becoming reunified with the South. Their task was thus to create their own city plan of Pyongyang accordingly. The requirement that the participants needed to meet was to envelop a thorough understanding of the North Korean city's economical and sociological situation, under the presumption that reunification will take place in the near future. Preparation and Development The work Han and Yoon submitted to the contest was You, I, and Us – Primary Unification Stage of North Korean Collective Residential Area. Yoon remarked that he had always been interested in collective residential areas. “Since the topic was so unique and we had studied North Korea before, we decided to apply for the contest,” said Yoon. “Han and I took a Residence course in our sophomore year. During the semester, we were able to learn about the diverse styles of living in North Korea and what kinds of structures the people lived in.” Han and Yoon decided to apply for various contests during the summer holidays early this year. Han found out about the Future Assignment of Reunification of Territory contest, the notice for which had been posted in June. Yoon stated that they started preparing for the contest from July onwards. “We had just over a month to prepare, which didn't leave us with enough time. We had to study liberal humanities and the physical, materialistic aspects of the environment at hand in order to design our model,” said Yoon. “We studied deeply on the political models of North Korea for about two weeks and through that, we had our concept set up in three days.” Yoon explains about the model. Since this wasn't work that could be done alone, Yoon needed his partner, Han, to cooperate as fully as possible alongside him. However, Han had to leave in August for Singapore to study there, which was one week before the contest's due date. They had both agreed on planning ahead for the model design, which was the hardest part. “Floor plans or drawings are something that can be shared via means of networking, but the designing was something that had to be decided and finalized together. We wanted to finish up on the design and then add more quality to it, but that didn't work out quite well at the time,” admitted Yoon. He also commented that they were able to finish up on the design of the housing part, but regrettably, not enough meetings were held to actualize the rest of the facilities they had devised. You, I, and Us – Primary Unification Stage Han and Yoon's model lacked in academic references, and they had a hard time finding sufficient sources online. With references from the Residence course and with the help of Professor Shin Geom-soo, who taught the course, they were able to find several books and theses on North Korea. Through the books, they found information on a variety of topics, ranging from societal issues to economics. Through this, Han and Yoon were able to develop their ideas on the livelihoods of North Koreans and their habitual abodes. “Most apartments in Pyeongyang are quite empty, unlike the way we normally think. Nobody is really living there. Also, they don't have elevators since they are recognized by the nation as a waste of electricity,” explained Yoon. Realistic houses that North Koreans live in are slums, and houses that seem 'normal' by South Korean standards are for flaunting wealth. “I went to visit the Geumgang Mountain in North Korea when I was in middle school, and found that the houses there are grouped together in order to monitor one another under the authoritarian regime,” added Yoon. “Han and I were so excited to win the prize. We decided to use the prize money to go on a vacation.” From what he had seen and learnt, Yoon developed the model into a more community-friendly one than the existing homes in North Korea. They had to create a scenario on what would happen after reunification and design houses accordingly. “We thought that grouping homes together and providing a communal space as co-housing would allow North Koreans to feel more unified among the South Koreans,” said Yoon. The conventional housing model in Pyeongyang today is set with only one entry route for four to five houses in order to be able to watch who goes in and out. instead, Han and Yoon created different doors for each houses. As for keeping the groups of houses together, Yoon elaborated that it was for making the module a more closely-knit society. They thought that separating each homes would not create a sense of community as effectively. Han and Yoon's model of North Korean houses in the current state (left), and how they would change once unified (right) Photo courtesy of Han Jang-hee and Yoon Jun-hyeok Having won such a huge prize, Yoon commented that it had been a great opportunity in the sense that they were able to study North Korea thoroughly. “Han and I were so excited to win the prize. We decided to use the prize money (5 million won) to go on a vacation together,” said Yoon. As for future goals, Yoon is planning to get a job in the field of architecture for hands-on-experience in the field, and study abroad afterwards. “I would like to design a building at HYU with my name on it,” said Yoon. “Hanyangians would be proud to have an alumni-built structure at the university. I want to try designing various different buildings that will inspire people as well.” Kim Seung-jun nzdave94@hanyang.ac.kr Photos by Kim Youn-soo

2016-10 09

[Faculty]Switching and Upgrading Mobile Device Circuits

Professor Yoo Chang-shik of the Department of Electronic Engineering is a researcher who studies the layouts of integrated, analog and digital circuits at Hanyang University (HYU). For the past year, as shown through his paper, “Switching Battery Charger Integrated Circuit for Mobile Devices in a 130-nm BCD MOSBCDMOS Process,” Yoo has been researching on developing an upgraded integrated circuit for mobile devices that could stand a higher voltage of electric current when charging. His research also encloses data on lengthening the lifespan of mobile phone batteries by retaining the right 'profile' shape when plugged in, which is the key determinant of long-lasting batteries. Battery Charging and Charging Profile According to Yoo’s research, a battery, when charging, must formulate and maintain the proper shape of the charging profile. That is, the time of charging and the battery voltage must meet at the right point, as shown in the diagram below- otherwise, the battery will be short-lived in the long run. When an application is in process, BCDMOS (Bipolar Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor) is activated. BCDMOS is an intricate type of an integrated circuit that can tolerate high currencies of electric voltage. Circuits of mobile devices, however, are incapable of enduring such high current and manifest a considerable rate of power consumption. To improve this aspect, Yoo saw the need for a stronger PMIC (Power Management Integrated Circuit) so that the BCDMOS would prevent the high electric voltage from damaging the device itself. PMICs are integrated circuits that handle and manage electric power. Charging profile for a lithium-ion battery. Photo courtesy of Professor Yoo's research paper Additionally, if the mobile device is used when it is being charged, not only the speed of charging slows down but also the amount of power consumed doubles. While this happens, the function of dividing the power for the phone to be used and charged at the same time is crucial. It was essential that Yoo managed both functions in harmony so that the final outcome would be progressive. Possible configurations for a mobile system where a battery charger supplies power (a) only to battery and (b) to both battery and system. Photo courtesy of Professor Yoo's research paper Yoo’s Research and its Meaning Yoo's academic principle as an engineer is not to be a scientist, but to be a practical engineer. Yoo places significance on the fact that his paper is the first to be academically published on the subject material, despite numerous others that virtually cover the necessity of his own research. He puts meaning to his work of systematically putting into an organized research paper what has already been created, in support of the fact that research done at a university can actually be utilized in real life. In this sense, Yoo does not expect a dramatic change or improvement in the field of electronic engineering and mobile devices, since there are plenty that have been put in use already. Nonetheless, he is proud to have turned the import-oriented item PMIC into a domestic product that can be manufactured here in Korea- a necessary development in the powerful semiconductor-producing country. Yoo is currently investing his time in developing a better PMIC. He is working on a project that goes by the name of “Designing an Innovative Analog”. Analogs are systems of displaying the successive changes in electric current or voltage, which is completely different from the digital system, which is required to operate visible and audible functions. He believes in the significance of analogs' roles as humans interact with their devices through touch screens, sound, and vision. With these functions falling behind, digital products will be met by critical hindrance on their way towards advancement. In this sense, improving the sound quality, screen definition, and manual systems of a device is indispensable. “We engineers are not scientists; we are not striving to create what is best. We’re simply making attempts to create what is moderately good at an adequate timing by appropriately applying already-existent principles and theories unveiled by scientists. That’s what engineers do,” remarked Yoo. He wanted the students of his department to invent and present to the world what they themselves need and benefit from. "In order to create something that the world needs, they have got to see the necessity of it first." Jeon Chae-yun chaeyun111@hanyang.ac.kr Photo by Kim Youn-soo

2016-09 25 Important News

[Faculty]Protecting Our Water Sources

Professor Han Myung-soo of the Department of Life Science is a researcher whose interests lie in algal phenomena such as red and green tides. Recently, he revealed the reason behind the unusual red tide caused by a sudden growth of planktons, frequenting the Korean waters in his paper titled “A mutualistic interaction between the bacterium Pseudomonas asplenii and the harmful algal species Chattonella marina (Raphidophyceae),” which was selected as the paper of the week. You may have heard that one of the side effects of global warming is red and green tides, or ‘algal bloom’ where algae suddenly flourish and cover vast areas of waters. The rise in ocean temperature, as well as in lakes, rivers and other types of freshwater causes the algae to flourish, threatening organisms as well as to people who equate freshwater as drinking water. Water pollution is another cause, with eutrophication creating excellent conditions for these photosynthetic unicellulates. ▲Cochlodinium causes red tides, which have a detrimental effect on water biology as well as humans. Photos courtesy of Shinhanilbo and CIMT Not only does red and green tides affect physical health biology and people, the perishing of fish in fish farms impacts fisherman economically, adding to the fact that this is aesthetically displeasing. The unicellular algae have evolved to protect themselves from possible predators, by producing harmful toxins that may cause diarrhea, amnesia, or even paralysis. "There have actually been cases where people have died, tens at a time due to drinking water or consuming shellfish affected by harmful algae. The fact that these toxins cannot be destroyed in boiling water makes it an even bigger danger," mentioned Han. However, the rise in water temperature and eutrophication alone cannot explain the cause of harmful algae suddenly 'blooming' in certain conditions. "Yes, these algae being plants, they thrive in warm, nutritious conditions with lots of light. It is usual for red and green tides to last for one or two weeks. However, in the last couple of decades, we have seen a single type of algae dominate all three adjacent waters of the Korean peninsula from late August into the end of November. This is the most unusual phenomenon, and have puzzled many scientists," commented Han. Thus, Han and his lab set up a theory that a third biological factor must be contributing to the abnormal blooming of algae. Focusing on Cochlodinium, the algae that are affecting the Korean waters the most, Han looked into bacteria that may be interacting with the algae. “We came to recognize that a type of bacteria called pseudomonas asplenii may be the biological factor we were looking for. It has already been revealed by other researchers that this bacteria produces minerals, that allows algae to flourish even in adverse conditions,” Han said. He and his lab gathered field samples from nearby waters twice a week, monitoring how the algae was blooming, as well as the activity of the bacteria. “It was a long-term project. The monitoring process spans months, not to mention that algal bloom didn’t always occur where we wanted it to. If we couldn’t get field samples, we would have to wait until the next red tide, which could occur the next year for all we know,” Han explained. Han applied the field of molecular biology to his research. “We used something called ‘next generation sequencing,’ which allowed us to conduct a quantitative and qualitative analysis on the bacteria. We found out that the bacteria grew in number and thrived at the same rate and time as the algae.” Now that a new mechanism has been revealed, this new development may lead to forecasting technologies that may prevent damages caused by algal tides. He added, “We think that there may be mutualistic interaction and coexistence between the algae and bacteria, but we haven’t figured out exactly what the algae provides for the bacteria. Our next goal is to reveal that part, as well as studying the cause of green tides which occur in fresh water. I’m glad that we have experts in diverse fields to conduct combined researches between fields.” ▲Han takes pride in his work, saying that the ability to collaborate with different fields is the strength and tradition of his lab. Nam-Hyung Kim lucipucy@hanyang.ac.kr Photo by Younsoo Kim

2016-09 25 Important News

[Alumni]Winning Millions as Research Funds

Engineering is fundamentally about solving human problems. There is a continuous need for engineers who are capable of solving societal problems such as clean water, diverse and sustainable energy sources, and improved health care. In the United States, there is an independent federal agency created by the Congress called the National Science Foundation (NSF), which supports the states’ education and research. This week, the Internet Hanyang News (IHN) introduces Kang Sung-pil (Education ’95) who won 2 million dollars of research funds from NSF with his team in the University of New Mexico (UNM) to renovate the university’s chemical and bio engineering curricula. Chemical Engineers to Transform Society Kang is working as an assistant professor at the department of Organization, Information, and Learning Sciences (OILS) at UNM. After graduating from HYU, he attained a Ph.D. in Instructional Systems Technology (IST) in the United States. His major and interest are closely related with human performance technology, instructional design, change management, and school reforms. Kang worked with many global companies and inter-governmental organizations like the Bank of America, McDonalds, Samsung, LG, and Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC). While his earlier careers were largely relevant to increasing the effectiveness of workers at corporations, the project he and his team are working on is to revolutionize how undergraduate engineering is taught in the US and to attract more groups that are currently under represented in the discipline. ▲With fellow professors at UNM, Kang worked as a social scientist and agent to monitor and manage the overall process of the project. Photo courtesy of Kang Sung-pil “In the last two years, there has been an attempt to improve and develop a new curriculum of chemical engineering at UNM. Then professors from the department submitted a grant proposal last year to NSF but was rejected because the processes of revolutionizing the education system was unclear. In that period, I was asked if I wanted to join the team to work as a social scientist and agent to oversee the process,” said Kang. Today, there are three professors from chemical engineering, and two from OILS including Kang. They started to work on the project again, beginning last summer in 2015. It took them several months to improve their grant proposal. During the process, Kang and his team held workshops to reflect the feedbacks and opinions of other professors, students, and corporations onthe engineering curriculum. Last December, the team submitted their proposal and won the grant among 60 other university teams. “The average amount of grant funds that NSF usually awards is 160,000 dollars which shows how much expectation the US government has toward the project.” “It could be regarded as a burden somewhat, by receiving that much money. I was glad that our research had that much value and potential. Our team is now greatly motivated to further our research based on the proposal,” said Kang. Focusing on Practical and Communal Values “In next three years, curriculum will be changed in steps, by focusing on increasing the practicality of engineering education the university with two core ideas called ‘design challenge’ and ‘badge system’,” said Kang. Conventional engineering education in the US emphasizes fundamental knowledge, and students do not get to practice engineering in the late academic years. They end up learning tons of concepts and equations but not much on how to actually utilize the theories in different situations that requires critical and creative thinking. As a result, many students drop out because they cannot make the connection between their courses and the real work of engineers. ▲Kang and his team focused on 'design challenge' and 'badge' systems to be set as core components in the new chemical and bioengineering curricula. Photo courtesy of Kang Sung-pil “The design challenge requires students to actually solve problems by utilizing learned concepts in classes. It will be comprised of tackling challenges that the regional society, chemical and bio engineering industries face in real life, including research subjects that are popular at a certain period of time. Badges that are given to students who accomplished certain design challenges will be able to officially prove students’ abilities to industries and corporations.” Kang and his team also wanted to focus more on engaging students who are female or from the lower classes of society. “Conventional researches show that male students are more inclined to do better in the fields of math and science, but when we test female students using the method of the aforementioned design challenge, female students show better problem-solving skills, being more flexible than their male peers,” said Kang. With the new education approach, Kang hopes there will be a break in the glass ceiling in the field of engineering. “In addition, it is a fact that students from the middle or higher social class are more likely to perform better at schools. It is due to what is called cultural capital, giving them an invisible but a very powerful advantage compared to students who are born in poorer families. We wanted the new curriculum to interest students from different economic classes by planning design challenges that can effectively motivate them to be engaged,” explained Kang. To Be a Better Educator While Kang chose to continue his studies in the US to delve into the fields of his interest such as corporate education, it took him much effort to adjust well to a different working environment where language and culture are dissimilar with that of Korea. “I was able to overcome many challenges up until now because of good teachers I have met in my life. Many of them are from the Department of Education at Hanyang University. I learned how my attitude should be and what values I should hold in my life as an educator. Every day when I go to work, I remind myself that I should live my life to benefit others which I believe connects to Hanyang’s spirit, love in deed,” said Kang. ▲Kang mentioned how he always reminds himself of Hanyang University's motto- 'Love in Deed'. Photo courtesy of Kang Sung-pil Yun Ji-hyun uni27@hanyang.ac.kr

2016-09 21

[Student]‘Yonadab,” a Play

For about twelve days from August 17th through 28th, the 2016 H-STAR Festival, a nationwide university drama and musical competition, was hosted by the Hyundai Motors Group and Kore Association of Performing Arts Producers (KAPAP). The drama team ‘Yonadab’ comprised of students from the Department of Theater and Film of Hanyang University (HYU), shined brightly in the competition by winning both the grand prize and production prize in the drama sector. To celebrate this great achievement, the Internet Hanyang News (IHN) interviewed the winner of the production prize and the two main actors in the drama, ‘Yonadab.’ ▲ Chang Ji-soo (Department of Theater and Film ’15), Kim So-hyun (Department of Theater and Film ’13) and Oh Kyung-joo (Department of Theater and Film ’11) A Story in the Bible The entire crew of ‘Yonadab’ worked together to produce a brilliant performance in the H-STAR Festival. Yet, the three members of the team, Kim So-hyun (Department of Theater and Film ’13), Oh Kyung-joo (Department of Theater and Film ’11), and Chang Ji-soo (Department of Theater and Film ’15) have shown exceptional talents as director and as actors. Kim was the main director of the play, who won the best production prize in the competition. Also, Oh and Chang played the two main characters in “Yonadab,” Yonadab and Tamar respectively. ▲'Yonadab' is a historical play created based on a story of King David in the Old Testament, the Bible. (Photo courtesy of 'Yonadab' crew) The play, “Yonadab,” was originally written by renowned English screenwriter, Peter Scaffer. He wrote plays like “Amadeus” and “Equus.” The story is based on a famous tale from the Old Testament of the Bible, specifically in the time during King David’s reign. Yonadab was King David’s nephew who denied the existence of God and its influence on the Israelites. Trying to disprove the power of God by destroying King David’s family, Yonadab tempted one of the sons of King David, Amnom, to rape his stepsister, Tamar. The tragedy led to a domestic war between Amnom and Absalom, Tamar’s brother, and eventually to the destruction of family relationship. The play focuses on the emotional and spiritual aspects of Yonadab who struggles between good and evil. Thankfully, the crew successfully performed the exorbitant play, a result of the hard work on and off stage. The reporters of IHN probed deeper to hear about their story behind the scenes. Q. How do you feel about winning the grand prize? Kim – “Two years ago, I participated in the same competition as one of the crew members. Unfortunately, we were not able to win any awards. However, I am amazed that we were able to win both the grand prize and production prize this year. I wouldn’t have felt great by just winning the production prize myself, but since we won the grand prize as a single team, I am proud of all of the members.” Oh – “Our crew spent about six months for the final performance and I feel like the hard work has paid off. I am grateful for the crew members and the professors who have spent late nights preparing for the play with the crew.” Chang – “This was my first official performance in a play and I was very nervous about how it would turn out. Thanks to the help of the fellow actors, the director, and backstage crew, I was able to do well in acting Tamar. I am very glad we won the grand prize.” Q. Can you tell us about the process in creating the play? What were some of the difficulties? Kim – “As the director of the play, I had to look over the entire crew which included acting, stage setting, make-up and many more. I was involved in all meetings regarding the play and it was important for me to make sure the team agreed on the details of the play. One of the difficulties before the actual performance was the difference in stage size- the competition stage and the stage we practiced on at school. We had to reduce the number of crops used in the play in order to make sure it fit within the performance stage. The hardest part of all was doing that within ten hours before the performance!” Oh – “Since I played the main character of the play, my job was to understand completely who Yonadab is and to sympathize with his feelings. To do that, I spent most of my time reading the script and taking detailed notes on it to make sure every scene would look as if a real Yonadab had come into existence onstage.” Chang – “I learned to have faith in the other actors on stage while preparing for the play. Because I have never experienced the new role of Tamar which required seductive and sexual expressions in acting. There were times when I struggled emotionally on and off the stage. However, the professors and actors, including Oh, supported me to endure it and to perform to my full potential.” Q. How will this experience, as being part of the winning play, help you in the future? Kim – “As a senior waiting for graduation and director of many plays, I was uncertain whether I was capable of pursuing what I had done so far at HYU after leaving. However, the experience at this year’s H-STAR Festival has given me confidence to continue the job in producing plays after graduation. It will be an unforgettable event for me.” Oh – “Dramas and plays lead me in life- it throws important life questions that I need to consider. They correlate intimately with my decisions. For example, ‘Yonadab’ makes us think about the conflicting ideas of faith and distrust which we encounter in daily matters. Therefore, through the play, I have learned that it gives us opportunity to consider our life and to help us make decisions. It is like a signpost that guides us through the way.” Chang – “As I mentioned earlier, this was my first performance. Being a part of the winning play might be a perfect start to my acting career. Yet, I want to make sure that I always remember the effort and the time I have put into this piece to keep me going in future projects. I have attached the poster and the script on the walls of my room for me to remember it all.” Q. What does a ‘play’ mean to you? Kim – “A play helps us to understand what it is like to live because it is a story, whether my own or someone else’s. It is interesting to hear and learn about the many stories that unfold within a play. Therefore, it is like a teacher to me, helping me to understand the world.” Oh – “It is what I love and what I enjoy the most. Simply, like the word, “play,” it is like playing my favorite game. I am not acting in a play because I have to but because I enjoy it with my heart.” Chang – “A play provides me with a space to act in as much as I want and by doing that, I feel l alive. Without plays, I wouldn’t have been able to feel such a lively sensation, expressing different emotions and pouring it out on stage.” Reason for Success The Department of Theater and Film at Hanyang has a rich history of producing skilled actors and producers in the current field of media and theater. These successful phenomena can be explained by the everlasting support and work of past graduates, current professors, and active students who form a sound unison in planting seeds in developing the department. Just by looking at the act of the ‘Yonadab’ crew members and Kim donating the prize money to the school department, there is a reason why the team has gained such glory through the competition and why the school is proud of them all. ▲ The three interviewees did not forget to mention that the entire crew, from actors to staff members, worked hard together for the performance. Park Min-young manutdmin@hanyang.ac.kr Photo by Kim Youn-soo

2016-09 21

[Faculty]Collaborative Work of 12 Oriental Scholars

Classics, just like any other subject, is a field that requires a lot of in-depth knowledge to decipher and comprehend. Those with little or no familiarity with the subject might feel daunted with its contents and stay well away. Being aware of this commonly-mistaken perception of non-classicists, the 12 scholars including Professor Kim Tae-yong (Department of Philosophy) of Hanyang University, devoted their time and effort in publishing ‘The Four Books.’ They paved the road for the Oriental Classics to become an easy read. First starting as a small group in 1992 that discussed desirable paths in which our society should take after Oriental philosophy, it eventually became what is now called the Research Institute of Oriental Classics, consisting of Chinese and Korean philosophy experts. Joining the crew in 2009 from the invitation of professor Kim Byung-chae, the former vice-president of Hanyang University, Kim has been with the crew for eight years until the ultimate accomplishment—the translation of the ‘Four Books’ from Chinese into Korean. The Four Books There are lots of other Oriental philosophy books that deal with the same lessons but the ‘Four Books’ distinguish themselves by not writing any of the old words in Chinese, but putting them into easy-reading translations. The ‘Four Books’ are translated versions of Confucian classics in the archaic Chinese language into the modern Korean language, which are divided into four series: The Analects of Confucius, Mencius, Moderation, and University. Professor Kim said that translations of the metaphorically-illegible classics should be available so that more people could approach them without being troubled. Non-experts could feel less tortured to study them as well. In this sense, he hopes that the completion and publication of the ‘Four Books’ will lay a bridge to melting down the preconception that Oriental Classics is infinitely challenging. He also holds the view that Oriental philosophy is not necessarily more strange or difficult than Western philosophy. ▲The completion of the Four Books can be witnessed with these hard copies, published by Minumsa publishing company in August 2016. In brief, The Analects of Confucius is composed of dialogues of Confucius’s disciples about his teachings and lessons that were gathered after his death. Mencius handles the thoughts and perspectives of Mencius, who succeeded Confucius and tried to expand and intensify his teachings. Finally, Moderation and University delivers the scriptures of Confucianist roots that helps an individual to elevate to a higher spiritual place by governing one’s mind. “If you take a moment to think about it, Oriental philosophy is embedded in our day-to-day speech and behavior. Such common notions include practicing filial piety, respecting the elderlies, and stressing emphasis on love among siblings. These concepts may feel new to the head but they’re blended in our culture,” commented Kim. The society that we live in today is faced with globalization and multi-culturalism. “In such a condition,” the professor adds, “the acceptance and promulgation of Western philosophy and its culture into our own without any filtering have a great impact on our people’s perspective towards Oriental philosophy-simply fearing it.” ▲Professor Kim thinks Oriental philosophy is just as familiar to us as Western philosophy. Maintaining Unity When he was first introduced to the work, Kim hesitated whether to take on the task because his main area of study was slightly digressive from the primary concern of the books. Nonetheless, after the publication of the books, he came to realize that his decision was worthy and began to view ‘Lao-tzu,’ his primary concern of studying, more objectively, which he plans to research further on. In the process of translating the books, combining different ideas and coming to an agreement among the 12 scholars had been a fastidious task. Translating the books from archaic Chinese words was unquestionably laborious but finding the middle ground of different interpretations and translations among the scholars was also a big trouble. Despite many disputes over the matter of compromising, the driving force that bound the scholars together was their sense of responsibility. They felt responsible for contriving the most appropriate translation for the future generation, as they will be seeking for a good start-up material to begin Oriental studies with. Thus, in a sense, the books were produced to become a guide in the field. The Books as Teachers Just as first impression matters by having a long-lasting impact on a person, when studying a subject, the first teacher can determine how the study will go forth in subsequent times. Professor Kim hopes that the ‘Four Books’ serve as the first teacher to those who want to study Oriental philosophy and open the door for them to go further into the discipline. ▲ Professor Kim and the 11 scholars worked on the Four Books in hopes of connecting Oriental philosophy with our daily lives. In the book University, the four-character idiom (‘格物致知’) –each character meaning formality, material, achieving, and knowing—that holds the meaning ‘gaining knowledge by the study of things’ exemplifies the professor’s assertion that Oriental philosophy dwells nearby in our daily lives. The idiom employs the concept found in a university, where knowledge is accumulated through years of studying. The knowledge acquired could be the foundation of both good and bad deeds, depending on the will of the learner. This also gives rise to the thought that straightening out one’s mindset and earnestly taking into account the true meanings of knowledge are one of the highlights of Oriental philosophy. The completion of the books, as the professor hopes, will do its job in its mission as a teacher for all. Jeon Chae-yun chaeyun111@hanyang.ac.kr Photo by Moon Hana