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2017-07 12

[Special]Black Enjoyment Given From Nature

Splashes of mud are thrown back and forth with loud screams and laughter. People become unrecognizable with mud. Boryeong-si is hosting Boryeong Mud Festival, the largest foreigner-participating festival in Korea, starting this 21st until the 30th. The combination of mud and festival is indeed unfamiliar to a lot of foreigners. However, this feature with generally not-so-clean perception has some unique characteristics. A picture of people enjoying the mud festival. (Photo courtesy of boryeongmudfestival.com) Tomatoes in Europe, mud in Korea A lot of people have a prejudice that mud is dirty. Contrasted with its appearance, mud is used in various cosmetic products. There is a record on mud that it was used in Cleopatra’s make-up and in Chinese cosmetics since the ancient times. There are also records that tells mud was used for skin care, also to treat skin diseases. Nowadays, mud is not only used for make-up and skin care, but also for dying clothes and sauna. Mud, contrary to the general belief, has a broad impact on human daily life. The manufactured mud contains various natural minerals that is effective in terms of preventing skin aging. Moreover, mud allows physical therapy as it has abilities to restrain and resist bacteria. Using these traits of mud, various big and small events involving mud started to emerge in Korea. Along the coastal areas of Southwest Chungcheongnam-do province, fine sea mud rich in minerals is found. The sea mud has abundant amount of Germanium and Bentonite that radiates high level of far-infrared rays making it helpful for skin care. Using this valuable trait of mud, Koreans combined entertainable features and made it a unique festival. Boryeong-si first hosted this festival in 1998 for four days with sixteen programs. Despite the unfamiliar and small scaled festival, 30 million tourists participated, leading to a huge success. Now, Boryeong Mud Festival is one of the most famous festivals in Korea. The mascots of Boryeong Mud Festival (Photo courtessy of boryeongmudfestival.com) The biggest mud festival The 20th Boryeong Mud Festival is being held for ten days this month mainly in Daecheon beach, which is 100m wide and 3.5km long. This shell beach is famous for its moderate water temperature and gentle slopes making it more attractive for a summer vacation spot in the West Sea. Only 30 percent of the day’s sales are available online during June and the rest are sold on-site. Diverse programs are made to allow all tourists to enjoy the mud in various ways. As the festival is held in a large area, tourists can enjoy different zones with interest. The festival provides numerous programs starting from a giant mud bath and slides, to color mud painting. Tourists can experience the thrills through the slides and fun through bathing in the mud. They can also take unique, memorable pictures in prison-like structures with mud all over their bodies. The programs are made not only to enjoy the mud, but also to enjoy the environment of Boryeong itself. People visiting the festival can also enjoy the Daecheon beach to cool themselves off, and look around numerous busking, parades and stage performances. The festival offers uncountable programs to see, feel and listen to. Tourists are enjoying the stage performance of Boryong Mud Festival. (Photo courtessy of boryeongmudfestival.com) So how can you fully enjoy this festival? Boryeong Mud Festival is a lot different from other festivals since ‘mud’ is involved in almost all activities. As mud is not very easy to wash off, a spare set of clothes would be necessary. Moreover, in order to keep the cash and waterproof cameras, a waterproof bag would be required. Moreover, packing earplugs would make you a sensible person since they will help preventing mud from going in your ears. Beside these notes, just feel free to have fun. The Mud Festival is an experience one should try at least once in their lifetime. As mud itself is a unique feature, anyone would be able to make unforgettable memories through this helpful substance. Simply with an open heart, anyone would be able to make great friends regardless of age, gender and nationalities. Make new friends through the festival! (Photo courtessy of boryeongmudfestival.com) On Jung-yun jessica0818@hanyang.ac.kr

2017-07 03

[Special]From Fashionable to Affordable

Ubiquitous, affordable, and trendy are the most suitable terms to describe Korean beauty shops and their products. It is no secret that Korea is outrunning its competitors in the global beauty market, with both its domestic and global popularity skyrocketing as new products are introduced by various brands. The so-called “road-shops” in Korea (because they are on roads) are easily found in the country. From numerous brands, road-shops are stocked with beauty items that are reasonably priced. From being accessible to affordable, K-beauty brands are seeing continuous growth in their sales in the global market. Brands and trends Famous Korean mid-range beauty brands. (Photo courtesy of wevio.com) Etude House, Tonymoly, Innisfree, Missha, The Face Shop, Nature Republic, Skin Food, and Holika Holika are all famous and popular cosmetic brands in Korea. Each brand boasts its own series of beauty products, loved not just for the products themselves but because of their eye-catching, likeable packaging. Korean beauty brands have also gained recognition for their innovative formulas, ingredients, and manufacturing processes. On top of all these, the sophisticated and demanding customers in the local Korean market have also been one of the major drivers. The facets aforementioned push K-beauty brands way ahead of the game, differentiating them from other international beauty brands and even in the highly competitive beauty market. The short product development cycle compared with the international players helps Korean beauty brands respond more quickly to evolving customer demands and trends. Innovation in product development is driven in part by the heavy investment in research and development. Mid-range beauty brands also has an impact on its domestic aspect. Since it is very accessible and affordable, young students, ranging from elementary to high school students can also be the tarketed customers. This has lowered an entry barrier to cosmetics, teenagers showing scorching interest in makeup products and makeup trend. The outcome was the so-called “student makeup” which is basically makeup style worn by teenage students. Examples of unique packaging of K-beauty products. (Photo courtesy of pinterest.com) Shop to shop, country to country Even though there are an increasing number of Korean beauty brand shops abroad, an influx of tourists is visiting Korea with the main interest of shopping for beauty products. Myeongdong and Ewha Woman’s University shopping street are the two most famous places to shop for cosmetic products, since virtually all brands of beauty stores are lining up in the street. Makeup lovers from various countries fly over to Korea and satisfy their beauty appetite with mid-range beauty products. Beauty brands in a row in Myeongdong (Photo courtesy of trend-traveller.com) Road-shops in a line in Ewha Woman's University street (Photo courtesy of pinterest.com) Floating on the wave of K-beauty, the mid-range beauty brands are emerging as a rising star in the world’s beauty market and finding overseas niche to meet the foreign demands as well. Just as K-pop and Hallyu is giveing quite of a cultural influence in the global stage, Korean beauty brands and the K-beauty trend is becoming increasingly popular and is being spotlighted in the makeup empire. Makeup trends of Korea, partly established by K-pop celebrities, idols’ fashion, and partly formed by beauty brands, are gaining popularity as Korean culture is further promoted overseas. Travellers from overseas purchasing dozens of K-beauty products (Photo courtesy of LookMazing) Jeon Chae-yun chaeyun111@hanyang.ac.kr

2017-06 19

[Special][Insight] Art at the Tip of a Brush

A white, prickling brush stained with black ink grinded on a stone embroider a hanji (traditional Korean paper made of mulberry trees). While writing is just an ordinary routine of a civilization, there can be found the art and soul. Seoyae refers to Chinese calligraphy which dates back to when Korea appointed its official language as Chinese- Goryeo dynasty. Based on the artist’s character and skills, the written words gleam their specialty. Continued for centuries, Seoyae is again attracting the public attention for the humanities fulfillment. South Korean calligrapher Hyun Byung-chan is demonstrating the art of Korean calligraphy. (Photo courtesy of YTN) Retracing the course of Seoyae The earliest pieces of Seoyae is found in many Buddhist Sutras of the Goryeo Dynasty. Even though there is documentation regarding the existence of seoyae in the Silla Dynasty, the actual work is not yet found. Seoyae is an expression of the artist’s aesthetic consciousness. The special point in the Korean calligraphy is that not only does Seoyae involve the beauty of the words, but also involves training the artist’s spirit. Goryeo was a devout Buddhist dynasty and thus developed a calm, concentrated Goryeo Font. Then in the Joseon Dynasty, corrupted Buddhism was abandoned and in 1446, King Sejong invented the Korean language. Since then, diversity of characteristics, fonts, and styles of the Korean calligraphy was augmented. Chusa font's characteristics are very harsh and sorrowful. (Photo courtesy of Goodsense Tistory) The beginning was the Gojeon font, meaning traditional. Its peculiarity is that the time spent on writing took longer and the edge of each letter was sharp, but soft. Then during the 15 to 17th centuries of the warring state, the national calligraphy style changed to the Gungseo font, meaning the shape of an archer. It resembles the shape of an archer who needs to quickly shoot an arrow, while concentrating. This font developed in this era, because communication through epistle ought to be immediate but accurate. At the end of the Joseon Dynasty, a scholar of the Realist school and a calligrapher Kim Jeong-hui with his pen name Chusa, developed a daring but unique Chusa font. Kim used to be exiled for political reasons and his sorrow was developed into the Chusa font. It does not have a regular structure, and the touch of a brush is very harsh. Modern Korean calligraphy After the Japanese annexation of Korea and the Korean War, South Korea was not able to enjoy arts and prosperity. After the rapid economic development, South Korea suddenly began to pay a careful attention to traditional arts, and among them was seoyae. There are often two types of people who learn calligraphy- children and the modern adults. The former is the case which their parents force them to learn the Chinese letters through interesting calligraphy. Because learning a language by playing with brush and ink intrigues children’s attention, their parents choose this way of education. In addition, the primary reason of teaching Chinese is because for centuries, Korea’s official language was Chinese letters and many classic literature and history books are written in Chinese. On the other hand, the latter is the case which modern adults who lost the joy in their busy life try to find their hobbies through calligraphy. The new South Korean trend allowed the supply and demand of the calligraphy market prospered which in turn led to the easy and cheap access to it. With a set of seoyae pens and brushes with the calligraphy practicing books sold at book stores, anyone can enjoy expressing their aesthetic consciousness through writing arts. Calligraphy practicing books are easily found at book stores. (Photo courtesy of Glecole) Kim Ju-hyun kimster9421@hanyang.ac.kr

2017-06 19

[Special][HY Talk] Sexism in Online Games, What Do You Think?

HY (Hanyang) Talk is a newly opened series in News H, which deals with different societal issues happening inside Korea. With different topics every time, around three to four students of HYU who wish to take part, will be joining. For their freedom of speech, their anonymity will be guaranteed. This week, HY Talk selected a subject which is some of the most serious problem inside a gaming environment, sexism in online games. Discrimination of woman users inside a game is becoming more serious with the advent of a game called ‘Overwatch’ (which is a team-based shooting game from the Blizzards Entertainment) with increasing number of woman users. We have gathered 3 female users and 1 male users who think it is the reflection of gender inequality inside our society and that it should to be solved to create more clean and equal gaming environment. Discrimination against woman users, how and why? Chairperson: Hello everyone, thank you all for participating. Before we start our talk, please briefly introduce yourself. A: Hello, I played computer games since last year. To me, it is a good hobby, I play it about three to four times a week, about 2 hours a day. B: Hi, I also started playing it since last fall and I really enjoy playing games because I can fully concentrate during the short amount of time while feeling extremely excited, just as if I'm working out. C: Nice to meet you all, I started playing games since last summer and Overwatch was my first computer game. It is now one of my good hobbies and I play it about twice a week during the weekends. D: Hello, I also started playing it since the last summer and as I am the only male user in this conversation, I hope I can hear more perspectives of woman users and share mine as a male game user. News H also opened a real Kakao Talk chat room to hear opinions from more people. Chairperson: Now that all of you are active game users, we want to hear your opinions on discrimination towards female users in online games. What do you think? A: People think picking a certain character inside a game has a relation with a user being a woman or a man. Inside ‘Overwatch’, I often play a character named ‘Mercy’ which is in a healer or support position. When I enter into a voice talk while I pick Mercy, users say ‘Oh you picked Mercy because you are a woman’. This, already is quite frustrating. What’s worse is that when the team is losing male users frequently blame women users. ‘We totally lost because of Mercy. Women are no good for the team.” C: I had a very similar experience once. When I joined voice chat once by myself, I heard a member of the team saying “Did you borrowed your boyfriend’s account? Then you better try hard not to lose for him.” It was really annoying but scary at the same time. From that incident, I always join voice talk only when I am playing with my friend. Funny thing is that people don’t say that when I am with other male friends inside a voice chat. Diva and Mercy are the two most frequently played characters by Korean female users. (Photo courtesy of Blizzards Entertainment) B: I didn’t had personal experience like A and C but come to think of it, I think that is the reason why I have never joined voice talk on my own. When I started to play computer games, I saw in other SNSs (Social Networking Services) how woman users are frequently blamed without a legitimate reason. That is absurd and stupid and I thought I do not need to do voice talk if I am prone to be discriminated just because I am a woman. Chairperson: Then, why do you guys think such unreasonable discrimination occurs in a gaming society? Would there be any specific reasons? D: Even as a male user, I cannot possibly understand why they do that. I mean the woman users they encounter in a game is in a similar level or scores. On what standards can they blame women? To be honest, although it might sound a little funny, I think they do that simply because of bad experiences they had with women in real lives. Like, they must have had rejected brutally in a relationship. A: When these users lose the game, they want to blame other people although it could be because of their lack of performance in the game. The target become a woman because they think women just can’t play game as good as male. It’s stupid. B: I agree with what D and A have said. To add, I think it is because some men view women as a subject and image of ‘sex’. While a ‘user’ in a game is supposed to mean both male and female users, it becomes ' a woman user' when a player is a female. A said that the most annoying thing about the discrimination is that she is not allowed to enjoy game as freely as men do. Chairperson: What would be stereotypes woman users have to face because of their gender? C: I think the most representative one is that men can play computer games better than women. It is because men think that games has been the hobby of men for a longer period, and increase of women in a gaming environment somewhat threatens them I guess. B: While there are increasing number of women playing computer games, we are still minorities. I think that is why male users think women just can’t play games as well as themselves. A: I agree, and I think I have to reflect on that too. Even as a woman myself, when I hear that another woman user is in a higher tier, I think ‘wow she is good although she is a woman’. I don’t think I would think the same if a male user is in a higher tier. B said anonymity makes the situation worse. Chairperson: What could be the demerits woman users have to suffer because of such discrimination? A: Participating in a voice talk is very important to win the game as it is a team-based shooting game. While better communication with other members is crucial, it is sad that a lot of woman users cannot do it as often because they are intimidated by male users. D: I agree, the fact that woman users just cannot enjoy the game like other male users is unfair. B: Just like any other users, I think I can be good in some games and not in other matches. Even if I played well in a one match, I have to hear ‘Oh you are good for a woman, which just makes me feel upset. D said that it is unfortunate to equal rights of women cannot be protected, even in a game environment. Chairperson: Thank you all for your frank and honest opinions. For the last question, what do you guys think is the possible solution for the issue? A: I think there should be a policy inside a game where users can report on others who talks hate speech inside a game. C: I agree, there are already other categories like ‘Trolling, bullying, and harassing’. Specific categories for reporting ‘This user disrespected another user because she is a woman’ should be installed inside a game. B: Yes I think that is totally necessary and I hope more female progamers would appear to reduce misconception that a man somewhat has better genetic for games than a woman. Yun Ji-hyun uni27@hanyang.ac.kr Photos courtesy of Yun Ji-hyun and Choo Hwa-jeong Designed by Kim Hye-im

2017-06 19

[Special]Korean Superstitions about Dreams

Dream interpreting existed in various civilizations, especially in the ancient times and the Eastern part of the world. Korea is not an exception to the culture of dream interpreting. Many modern Koreans think that dreams may denote certain meanings related to one’s fortune. As a result, specific details about the meanings of diverse dreams exist in Korea. Auspicious dreams and ominous dreams Dreams are generally distinguished as lucky or unlucky according to its content and prominent symbols related to it. Dreams without any notable symbols are considered to have no significant meaning and can be ignored. Due to the importance of the presence and meanings of the symbols, sometimes even nightmares may be a dream with good meaning. Even though a good or bad figure appears, what happens to it in the dream is most important when interpreting the dream. For example, if something bad happens to a good symbol, or vice versa, the meaning of the dream changes. In cases where others want to buy one’s dreams, selling the dream is possible with the exchange of money or valuable items. Generally, dreams about dragons are considered the best of dreams as they are thought to bring huge success and fortune. There is an old belief that dragons are imaginary but auspicious animals. Dreams about pigs are also the lucky kind that may foretell the procurement of money. This is because ‘don’, the pronunciation of Chinese character for ‘pig’, is similar with that of ‘money’. Strangely, a death of a family member in a dream denotes that that certain individual would live long. Additionally, dreams about one’s ancestors reappearing means good luck. Beautiful natural elements such as a rainbow, stars, and flowers are thought to bring luck as well. Pig dreams are thought to bring large sums of money. (Photo courtesy of lomangce.tistory.com/77) Conversely, dreams about losing a tooth is a bad omen because they signify that something bad will happen to one’s intimate friends or family. Many dreams regarding babies, such as hugging them, are strangely unlucky. They mean that some agony or worry will trouble the dreamer, and one’s honor and fortune will also collapse. Losing one’s shoes is also one of the bad dreams that is thought to deprive one of of his or her job or friends. In addition, being chased by someone means that one is feeling nervous or isolated, and may experience failure. Taemong, or dreams before a birth of a baby Most Koreans have vivid dreams before conceiving a child, which are called taemong. The dreamer is not limited to the baby’s mother but includes its father, other family members, or even friends. Different symbols in the dream tell whether the baby is a boy or a girl. For example, some taemong that symbolize the birth of a boy are the sun, a big fish, a serpent, and red pepper. On the other hand, a half moon, a small snake, and flowers are a few of the elements of a girl’s taemong. Korean mothers are very interested in taemong, because they may fortell whether the baby is boy or a girl and also its future. (Photo courtesy of blog.naver.com/ynp0052/140172062101) There are various stories of special taemong that were dreamt for the birth of famous people in Korean history. An enormous bull with a fiery red sun perched between its two horns, riding a cloud in the mountains appeared in the taemong of King Sejong, who created hangul with his men in the Joseon Dynasty. As the bull tripped and the sun tumbled down, a boy dressed in red jumped in and swallowed the sun. The taemong of the former president Kim Dae-jung who won a Nobel Peace Prize in the year 2000 showed the gods from the heavens. Also, a dragon and a snake twisted together and rising to the heavens is the taemong of Park Ji-sung, a legendary soccer player. Although Koreans enjoy the idea that dreams may foretell the future, or possess a special kind of meaning, most people today do not seriously believe in dream interpreting. However, some people tend to take precautions when they have had bad dreams, and decide to buy a lottery ticket after having good dreams. Jang Soo-hyun luxkari@hanyang.ac.kr

2017-05 22

[Special]Confusing Korean Words (1)

In every country, there are some confusing pairs of words with analogous pronunciations and meanings, even though the words are clearly different. The Korean language is not an exception, and there are quite a few pairs of words that even Koreans sometimes get mixed up. This week’s article in News H is to help foreign learners of Korean to be aware of the differences of those words, and use them properly in correct situations. Words that have either similar meanings or sounds Natda (낫다, 낮다) Nata (낳다) are three separate words that sound almost the same but have anything to do with each other. 낫다 is used in situations where somebody recovers from an illness or pain, or when something is superior than the other. 낮다, on the other hand, simply means ‘low’. 낳다 means to ‘give birth’ or ‘bring about a certain result’. Deokbun(덕분), ttaemun (때문), and tat (탓) are words that have similar meanings but used in different contexts. If a certain outcome occurs because of some matter, 때문 is used. However, 덕분 can be used if, and only if, a positive result occurs due to a certain cause. On the contrary, 탓 only works with causes that trigger undesirable situations. The three words come right after the cause, and the result follows after these words. Although ttaemun (때문) can be used in all cause-and-effect situations, it is generally used negatively. The calligraphy above means "Lead your life thinking that a result happened 'thanks to' a cause rather than 'because of' the cause." (Photo courtesy of http://blog.naver.com/yong1004kr/220883042877) Dareuda (다르다) and teullida (틀리다) are misused very often even by Koreans, most notable by senior citizens. The former means ‘two things that are being compared are different’ or ‘something stands out more than others’. The latter means ‘something, such as a fact or an answer to a question, is wrong’ or ‘to be hopeless’. Due to the fact that many people get mixed up with the two words, there is a well-known expression, “다른거지 틀린게 아니다” which means ‘something is different, not wrong’. Words with both similar sounds and meanings Gareuchida (가르치다) and garikida (가리키다) are commonly confused Korean words not only because of their smiliar pronunciations but their due to their definitions as well. 가르치다 means 'to teach somebody a skill or a knowledge' and 가리키다 means 'to point at somebody or something'. The reason for the confusion comes from the idea that the definitions of both words are related, in the way that teaching and pointing are actions that are both directing something. The mistake of misusing machida (맞히다) and matchuda (맞추다) is frequent due to their complicated usages and similar pronunciations. In cases where an answer to a question is correct, 맞히다 is used. When comparing something with another, 맞추다 is used. Therefore, 맞추다 is used when comparing an examination paper with a separate answer sheet. Another definition of 맞히다 and 맞추다 is ‘to aim or hit’ and ‘to set, adjust, or assemble’, respectively. Thus, when a person tries to hit a bird with a bow, 맞히다 is used. In addition, when a person gets his suit made, 맞추다 is used. Itda (잊다) and ilta (잃다) are words that have analogous sounds and definitions, such as in the case of 맞히다 and 맞추다 mentioned above. The former means ‘to forget’, and the latter means ‘to lose’. People get mixed up because the two words means to lose something. In the case of 잊어버리다, it means to lose what one had remembered. Itda (잊다) and ilta (잃다) is one example of various confusing Korean word pairs. To find out more about the Korean language, click here to visit the National Institute of Korean Language website. (Photo courtesy of Daehak Naeil) Familiarizing yourself with the aforementioned words would help greatly, especially when writing in Korean. To be a knowledgeable user of the Korean language, it is a necessity to be mindful of these words instead of continually misusing them. To find more confusing words or commonly misspelled or misused words, visit the website of theNational Institute of Korean Language, an institute that researches and organizes the rules of the Korean language, including its confusing vocabulary. Jang Soo-hyun luxkari@hanyang.ac.kr

2017-05 16

[Reviews]Democracy Blossoms in South Korea (1)

The beginning of the Republic of Korea dates back to 1948, when an indirect presidential election took place in July. On August 15 of 1948, President Rhee Syng-man proclaimed South Korea, and embarked on the road to democracy. True democracy shines after 70 years The First Republic of President Rhee turned into an autocratic regime, which then was replaced by a democratic interim government that was overthrown by military rule in less than a year. Inciting military rule in the Fourth Republic of 1979, President Park Chung-hee founded the Yushin Constitution to maintain a longer presidential term and take absolute control of the parliament. When Park was assassinated, President Chun Doo-hwan came into power through a coup d’état. In the following year, number of university students and civilians led vigorous protests against the authoritarian rule, and the government responded by massacring civilians in the city of Gwangju. Students of Chonnam University are protesting President Chun's autocratic government. (Photo courtesy of 7578bus Tistory) Beginning with President Kim Young-sam in 1993 and Kim Dae-jung, to Roh Moo-hyun until 2008, the democratic party won the presidential election. After the suicide of late President Roh, President Lee Myung-bak set out to revitalize the weakening economy. Lee’s successor, President Park Geun-hye took the baton and was inaugurated in 2013. Despite the weight of being the daughter of a former president and the first female president, she was impeached due to irresponsible and illegal tracks after a series of candlelight rallies by citizens. On May 9th of 2017, President Moon Jae-in was newly elected with 41.1% of polling rate. Flower of democracy- Voting After the protests in the earlier days of RoK, what overthrew the disappointing government was not a coup but a voting system. In order to increase the turnout rate and to guarantee suffrage opportunities to all electorates, South Korea affords various voting systems. In order to be listed as a valid electorate, a Korean national of 19 years of age or above should be registered as a resident in the district under the jurisdiction of a local government concerned as of the record date of the voters. The following is a list of methods mainly referred to: Original Ballot National Election Commissions (NECs) prepare and send out voting guidance pamphlets that include information regarding voting- date and time of voting, location of a polling station, and more. Pamphlets are sent out to each household in two days after the confirmation day of the voters list. The voting begins from 6 AM and continues until 8 PM. After the officers at the polling station confirm individual’s identification and residential appropriateness, the voter may receive a ballot paper and head to the polling booth. Preliminary Ballot If the electorate can’t make time on the original election day to vote from 6 AM to 8 PM, the voter can receive two days of chance to vote on different days. The most prestigious advantage of this preliminary ballot is that the voter does not need to consider his or her current location or residence. The electorate can take a vote, even if it is not the registered residence. The preliminary vote is implemented on the Thursday and Friday right before the original election date. Overseas Voting There are two types of overseas voting: overseas absentee voting and overseas election. The former applies to those who are just absent in South Korea due to work, school, or more. The voter must have the residence registered and should apply for preliminary election at the South Korean embassy. On the other hand, the latter applies to those who do not have a residency permit or identification registered in South Korea, but who maintains South Korean citizenship. This requires the voter to request for election in the embassy with identifications such as passport. "You, who voted, are beautiful." (Photo courtesy of NamuWiki) South Korea maintained a low turnout rate between the ages of 20 to 50 until this year, when young citizens were enraged by the monopoly of state affairs by Park Geun-hye. Together with the candlelight vigils, in showing the democratic will and the power of each vote, South Korea is stepping ahead to realize true democracy. Kim Ju-hyun kimster9421@hanyang.ac.kr

2017-05 01

[Special]All About Balling (1)

After having searched for some of the most popular sports around the world, the rankings differ from each media but one thing for sure is that basketball is definitely one of the most beloved sports for sure. I myself also love basketball so much that I play it at least once a week. This editorial would be focusing on some of the differences in regulations and rules of NBA (National Basketball Association) and KBL (Korean Basketball League) and highlight some of the top players in each league. Updates on the playoffs information would also be provided. Rules & regulations Pointing out the rules of basketball from A to Z would be a whole list of boredom. Instead, some of the key differences in regulations that exist between NBA and KBL would be pointed out. First off, there is the differences in the game time between the two leagues. Although both leagues have 4 quarters in a game, NBA has 12 minutes in every quarter while KBL is only 10 minutes per quarter adding up to 48 minutes and 40 minutes of game time respectively. Although KBL has once decided to extend the time into 12 minutes in 2014-15 season, there has been an outcry of opposition among fans and players which made it postpone its decision. Some of the main reason for this was health conditions of players, and with less energy, the game would definitely become loose losing more fans. 2017 Hall of Famer Tracy McGrady (left) and his team mate Yao Ming (right) (Photo courtesy of clutchpoints.com) Some of the most fascinating plays could be the dunks that players slam down into the hoop but nowadays, 3 pointers are being widely loved in the NBA as we could see in the case of Stephen Curry. There was the famous “T-Mac Time” as a lot of NBA fans remember it. It was when Tracy McGrady has scored 13 points in the final 33 seconds against San Antonio Spurs with 3 pointers. NBA has the 3-point line drawn in a 7.24m distance while KBL is 6.75m. 3 pointer regulation have been brought into the NBA in 1979 for a more advantageous play by players with shorter heights. As for the foul-outs, NBA regulates 6 fouls to be fouled out while KBL only allows 5. Technical fouls, which are given with more aggressive and ill-mannered plays, are given twice before a player is ejected from the game which is the same for the both leagues. This could be one reason why KBL basketball players may seem to play with more cautiousness while defending an opponent. Playoff ladder These are the playoff ladders from each league. There are 30 teams in the NBA all separated in either East Conference or the West Conference and it is categorized into smaller divisions - Northwest, Pacific, Southwest, Atlantic, Central, Southeast. KBL does not categorize the teams into divisions since it is a much smaller league compared to the NBA. Current status on NBA playoffs. (Photo courtesy of NBA) KBL consists of 10 teams and 6 teams compete in the playoffs while NBA has 16 teams competing. In the case of NBA, top 8 teams from regular season in each division are selected for the playoffs which makes it sometimes unfair for some of the teams. This is because the 9th team from a particular division may have more wins than some of the teams competing in the playoffs from an opposite division. Although there are some on going arguments on the level differences of East and West divisions, it seems that NBA would keep this system for now. Current status on KBL playoffs. (Photo courtesy of KBL) As of today, NBA’s most of the conference semi-final teams have been decided with only one spot left to go. Being tied at 3-3, Los Angeles Clippers and Utah Jazz would compete for the last remaining spot. Key players It’s not just something about the NBA, but there are so many types of records they keep on players. One of the MVP candidates that we need to eye on this season from the NBA is Russell Westbrook. He has set up some magnificent numbers on the board with a season triple-double (averaging more than 2-digit numbers in scores, assists, rebounds) although Oklahoma Thunder was unable to enter the conference semi-finals. Russell Westbrook's 2016-17 seasonal statistics. (Photo courtesy of NBA) As for KBL, although they keep a separate record from foreign players to domestic players, it seems that Andre Emmett is showing a high performance ranking the 1st in scoring, field goals made, and free throws made. Andre Emmett's profile (Photo courtesy of KBL) After taking a look at some of the differences in the NBA and KBL, it seems that although there have been some minor distinctions between the two leagues, they exist to make the games more exciting to watch. Enjoy the warm weather and breeze and play some basketball games outside as the exam period is over and keep an eye out for who would be the champions of both leagues. Kim Seung-jun nzdave94@hanyang.ac.kr

2017-04 24

[Special]Short Getaway to Korean Traditional Villages

While having quite distinctive four seasons, Korea boasts a very hot and humid summer. Traveling outside of crowded Seoul, there are two small yet antique villages which will be able to refresh one along with special memories. Damyang Moowol Village Located in Damyang, South Jeolla province, Moowol Village is where one can feel close to nature. Surrounded by a small mountain at the back, a river flows across, which already makes one feel more relaxed. The name ‘Moowol’ implies beautiful moonlight shining on the village at night. As it is a quiet village only composed of hosts running hanok (Korean traditional house), it is a desirable place to visit for people who want to take their busy mind off things while being inspired by something new. Small and tranquil, Damyang is perfect for people who needs a short getaway with friends and family. (Photo courtesy of blog.naver.com/foodnuri/) On the first day, it is recommended to walk around the village along the course called ‘Dalmaji-gil road’. A 30-minute course is easy for everyone to walk along. A walking course surrounding the village. (Photo courtesy of blog.naver.com/foodnuri/) What is also special about the village is that they provide various programs for every season. As it is the village of bamboo forests, one of the most popular activities is to make bamboo rice. Using beans, cooking rice in bamboo leaves grown and made in the village makes the dish a one of a kind. Ingredients for bamboo rice are neatly set. (Photo courtesy of moowol.kr) According to its official homepage, there are other activities to do, such as making Korean traditional snacks, rice cakes and side dishes. If not a big fan of cooking, there are also Korean traditional games on offer, like playing changgu (a Korean drum) and wheel-rolling, to which instructions will follow. Yangpyeong Moggoji Village At the end of spring, Moggoji Village located in Yangpyeong, Gyeonggi province, is an optimal place to visit in the season. Moggoji in Korean means gatherings or parties with people to engage in fun activies. As the name implies, the village hosts small festivals in different seasons. In the spring, which is almost coming to its end, the strawberry festival is most popular in Moggoji village. First sight of the Moggoji Village. (Photo courtesy of joohyunri.modoo) Composed of eight separate greenhouses, the village only provides organic strawberries to its visitors. As the trees are very delicate, instructions will be given from a farmer on how to pick the fruit well. It is also advised to wear dark-colored clothes for possible strawberry stains. Visitors picking strawberries in a greenhouse. (Photo courtesy of joohyunri.modoo) The strawberry festival is not the sole reason to visit the Moggoji village. In the coming summer, Moggji village is to open up a natural resort for swimming and rafting. In the fall and winter, there are programs like crop harvesting and Kimchi making. Summer is another festive season in the Moggoji village. (Photo courtesy of joohyunri.modoo) Yun Ji-hyun uni27@hanyang.ac.kr

2017-04 10

[Special]Korean Couple Culture

The question of whether one is dating or not a big issue in Korea, and Korean couples tend to spend a quite a lot of time together. Korean couples exhibit unified ways of expressing love, which can even be as naturally called as a ‘couple culture’. Although formulaic in some ways, the following features of how Koreans date may enlighten couples on maintaining better relationships. Growing intimate through anniversaries and message-sending Most couples celebrate anniversaries year after year, but Korean couples go even further. It is the norm in Korea to celebrate 100th day anniversaries, counting from the day they officially began their relationship. Korean couples usually celebrate 100th, 200th to 300th, then 500th, and 1000th day. Those days are celebrated by eating out at pleasant restaurants, having cake, exchanging love letters, flowers and presents. Teen couples even go as far as to celebrate their 22nd day calling it ‘two-two’, meaning they became ‘two’ instead of ‘one’. This is because they break up much earlier than adult couples, but still want to celebrate a special event with their loved ones. Some people celebrate 50th-day anniversary as well. Couples exchange presents together on their 100th day anniversaries. (Photo courtesy of S.I.VILLAGE) Other events that Korean couples enjoy which are not related to their dating days are the 14th day of each month. The 14th day events originate from Valentine’s Day. The most famous 14th day event besides Valentine’s is White Day, which is on March 14th. In Korea, women give chocolates to men on Valentine’s and men returns candies to women on White Day. Other days’ include Rose Day on May 14th, and Wine Day on October 14th, which is simply exchanging roses and drinking wine together, respectively. On Black Day, which is on April 14th, some singles eat jajangmyeon, or noodles with black soybean sauce together and promise themselves next year, they would be able to find partners and celebrate White Day. Koreans also like to use text messengers frequently, such as KakaoTalk or Between, in order to feel they are together when they are alone. Many couples constantly report their daily lives if they are not busy. Although this may be bothersome, couples can understand each other more deeply by having these kinds of conversations. The frequency of sending messages can be interpreted as love and attention for their partners. Therefore, couples get upset and fight when their partners seem careless about message-sending. There are, however, some Korean couples who do not want to be bothered by messages- but they also at least send good morning and good night texts to one another. Between is similar to KakaoTalk but different in that it is a one-on-one messenger app. Couples can not only text but record memorable days and post photos. (Photo courtesy of Vulcan Post) Dates courses, couple rings, and matching items Korean couples usually visit cafes, watch movies, and take a walk together. However, to break away from the boring, general style of dating, they prepare a ‘date course’ to make their dates much interesting and enjoyable. Due to Korean couples’ tendency to visit places and make special memories, theme cafes such as cat and dog cafes are very popular. There are also couple date course apps called Daisy and Date Pop. The ‘date course’ varies by weather and season, and the most famous course is visiting Yeouido or Lake Seokchon in spring to see cherry blossoms in full bloom. Cherry blossom festival is a famous date course for Korean couples. (Photo courtesy of http://blog.enter6.co.kr/1733) Couples all over the world buy their rings before their marriage; however Korean couples purchase their rings by the 100th day. The so-called ‘couple rings’ are usually less expensive than marriage rings, but still come with various decorations and designs. Targeting couples who are finding unique couple rings, there also exists ring making theme cafés to help those who desire to create their own rings. Finally, matching clothing items and accessories are worn by Korean couples which include hats, shoes, bracelets, and much more. The similar fashion of couples is called ‘couple look’, and it is on the wish lists of many couples. Korean couples with a ‘couple look’ is not hard to find, varying from clothes with similar patterns to ones with the exact same colors and designs. Usually, couples wear the ‘couple look’ when they are on special dates, such as going to an amusement park. Many Korean couples like to wear matching clothes. (Photo courtesy of Dispatch) Jang Soo-hyun luxkari@hanyang.ac.kr