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2017-05 22

[Special]Confusing Korean Words

In every country, there are some confusing pairs of words with analogous pronunciations and meanings, even though the words are clearly different. The Korean language is not an exception, and there are quite a few pairs of words that even Koreans sometimes get mixed up. This week’s article in News H is to help foreign learners of Korean to be aware of the differences of those words, and use them properly in correct situations. Words that have either similar meanings or sounds Natda (낫다, 낮다) Nata (낳다) are three separate words that sound almost the same but have anything to do with each other. 낫다 is used in situations where somebody recovers from an illness or pain, or when something is superior than the other. 낮다, on the other hand, simply means ‘low’. 낳다 means to ‘give birth’ or ‘bring about a certain result’. Deokbun(덕분), ttaemun (때문), and tat (탓) are words that have similar meanings but used in different contexts. If a certain outcome occurs because of some matter, 때문 is used. However, 덕분 can be used if, and only if, a positive result occurs due to a certain cause. On the contrary, 탓 only works with causes that trigger undesirable situations. The three words come right after the cause, and the result follows after these words. Although ttaemun (때문) can be used in all cause-and-effect situations, it is generally used negatively. The calligraphy above means "Lead your life thinking that a result happened 'thanks to' a cause rather than 'because of' the cause." (Photo courtesy of http://blog.naver.com/yong1004kr/220883042877) Dareuda (다르다) and teullida (틀리다) are misused very often even by Koreans, most notable by senior citizens. The former means ‘two things that are being compared are different’ or ‘something stands out more than others’. The latter means ‘something, such as a fact or an answer to a question, is wrong’ or ‘to be hopeless’. Due to the fact that many people get mixed up with the two words, there is a well-known expression, “다른거지 틀린게 아니다” which means ‘something is different, not wrong’. Words with both similar sounds and meanings Gareuchida (가르치다) and garikida (가리키다) are commonly confused Korean words not only because of their smiliar pronunciations but their due to their definitions as well. 가르치다 means 'to teach somebody a skill or a knowledge' and 가리키다 means 'to point at somebody or something'. The reason for the confusion comes from the idea that the definitions of both words are related, in the way that teaching and pointing are actions that are both directing something. The mistake of misusing machida (맞히다) and matchuda (맞추다) is frequent due to their complicated usages and similar pronunciations. In cases where an answer to a question is correct, 맞히다 is used. When comparing something with another, 맞추다 is used. Therefore, 맞추다 is used when comparing an examination paper with a separate answer sheet. Another definition of 맞히다 and 맞추다 is ‘to aim or hit’ and ‘to set, adjust, or assemble’, respectively. Thus, when a person tries to hit a bird with a bow, 맞히다 is used. In addition, when a person gets his suit made, 맞추다 is used. Itda (잊다) and ilta (잃다) are words that have analogous sounds and definitions, such as in the case of 맞히다 and 맞추다 mentioned above. The former means ‘to forget’, and the latter means ‘to lose’. People get mixed up because the two words means to lose something. In the case of 잊어버리다, it means to lose what one had remembered. Itda (잊다) and ilta (잃다) is one example of various confusing Korean word pairs. To find out more about the Korean language, click here to visit the National Institute of Korean Language website. (Photo courtesy of Daehak Naeil) Familiarizing yourself with the aforementioned words would help greatly, especially when writing in Korean. To be a knowledgeable user of the Korean language, it is a necessity to be mindful of these words instead of continually misusing them. To find more confusing words or commonly misspelled or misused words, visit the website of theNational Institute of Korean Language, an institute that researches and organizes the rules of the Korean language, including its confusing vocabulary. Jang Soo-hyun luxkari@hanyang.ac.kr

2017-05 16

[Reviews]Democracy Blossoms in South Korea

The beginning of the Republic of Korea dates back to 1948, when an indirect presidential election took place in July. On August 15 of 1948, President Rhee Syng-man proclaimed South Korea, and embarked on the road to democracy. True democracy shines after 70 years The First Republic of President Rhee turned into an autocratic regime, which then was replaced by a democratic interim government that was overthrown by military rule in less than a year. Inciting military rule in the Fourth Republic of 1979, President Park Chung-hee founded the Yushin Constitution to maintain a longer presidential term and take absolute control of the parliament. When Park was assassinated, President Chun Doo-hwan came into power through a coup d’état. In the following year, number of university students and civilians led vigorous protests against the authoritarian rule, and the government responded by massacring civilians in the city of Gwangju. Students of Chonnam University are protesting President Chun's autocratic government. (Photo courtesy of 7578bus Tistory) Beginning with President Kim Young-sam in 1993 and Kim Dae-jung, to Roh Moo-hyun until 2008, the democratic party won the presidential election. After the suicide of late President Roh, President Lee Myung-bak set out to revitalize the weakening economy. Lee’s successor, President Park Geun-hye took the baton and was inaugurated in 2013. Despite the weight of being the daughter of a former president and the first female president, she was impeached due to irresponsible and illegal tracks after a series of candlelight rallies by citizens. On May 9th of 2017, President Moon Jae-in was newly elected with 41.1% of polling rate. Flower of democracy- Voting After the protests in the earlier days of RoK, what overthrew the disappointing government was not a coup but a voting system. In order to increase the turnout rate and to guarantee suffrage opportunities to all electorates, South Korea affords various voting systems. In order to be listed as a valid electorate, a Korean national of 19 years of age or above should be registered as a resident in the district under the jurisdiction of a local government concerned as of the record date of the voters. The following is a list of methods mainly referred to: Original Ballot National Election Commissions (NECs) prepare and send out voting guidance pamphlets that include information regarding voting- date and time of voting, location of a polling station, and more. Pamphlets are sent out to each household in two days after the confirmation day of the voters list. The voting begins from 6 AM and continues until 8 PM. After the officers at the polling station confirm individual’s identification and residential appropriateness, the voter may receive a ballot paper and head to the polling booth. Preliminary Ballot If the electorate can’t make time on the original election day to vote from 6 AM to 8 PM, the voter can receive two days of chance to vote on different days. The most prestigious advantage of this preliminary ballot is that the voter does not need to consider his or her current location or residence. The electorate can take a vote, even if it is not the registered residence. The preliminary vote is implemented on the Thursday and Friday right before the original election date. Overseas Voting There are two types of overseas voting: overseas absentee voting and overseas election. The former applies to those who are just absent in South Korea due to work, school, or more. The voter must have the residence registered and should apply for preliminary election at the South Korean embassy. On the other hand, the latter applies to those who do not have a residency permit or identification registered in South Korea, but who maintains South Korean citizenship. This requires the voter to request for election in the embassy with identifications such as passport. "You, who voted, are beautiful." (Photo courtesy of NamuWiki) South Korea maintained a low turnout rate between the ages of 20 to 50 until this year, when young citizens were enraged by the monopoly of state affairs by Park Geun-hye. Together with the candlelight vigils, in showing the democratic will and the power of each vote, South Korea is stepping ahead to realize true democracy. Kim Ju-hyun kimster9421@hanyang.ac.kr

2017-05 01

[Special]All About Balling

After having searched for some of the most popular sports around the world, the rankings differ from each media but one thing for sure is that basketball is definitely one of the most beloved sports for sure. I myself also love basketball so much that I play it at least once a week. This editorial would be focusing on some of the differences in regulations and rules of NBA (National Basketball Association) and KBL (Korean Basketball League) and highlight some of the top players in each league. Updates on the playoffs information would also be provided. Rules & regulations Pointing out the rules of basketball from A to Z would be a whole list of boredom. Instead, some of the key differences in regulations that exist between NBA and KBL would be pointed out. First off, there is the differences in the game time between the two leagues. Although both leagues have 4 quarters in a game, NBA has 12 minutes in every quarter while KBL is only 10 minutes per quarter adding up to 48 minutes and 40 minutes of game time respectively. Although KBL has once decided to extend the time into 12 minutes in 2014-15 season, there has been an outcry of opposition among fans and players which made it postpone its decision. Some of the main reason for this was health conditions of players, and with less energy, the game would definitely become loose losing more fans. 2017 Hall of Famer Tracy McGrady (left) and his team mate Yao Ming (right) (Photo courtesy of clutchpoints.com) Some of the most fascinating plays could be the dunks that players slam down into the hoop but nowadays, 3 pointers are being widely loved in the NBA as we could see in the case of Stephen Curry. There was the famous “T-Mac Time” as a lot of NBA fans remember it. It was when Tracy McGrady has scored 13 points in the final 33 seconds against San Antonio Spurs with 3 pointers. NBA has the 3-point line drawn in a 7.24m distance while KBL is 6.75m. 3 pointer regulation have been brought into the NBA in 1979 for a more advantageous play by players with shorter heights. As for the foul-outs, NBA regulates 6 fouls to be fouled out while KBL only allows 5. Technical fouls, which are given with more aggressive and ill-mannered plays, are given twice before a player is ejected from the game which is the same for the both leagues. This could be one reason why KBL basketball players may seem to play with more cautiousness while defending an opponent. Playoff ladder These are the playoff ladders from each league. There are 30 teams in the NBA all separated in either East Conference or the West Conference and it is categorized into smaller divisions - Northwest, Pacific, Southwest, Atlantic, Central, Southeast. KBL does not categorize the teams into divisions since it is a much smaller league compared to the NBA. Current status on NBA playoffs. (Photo courtesy of NBA) KBL consists of 10 teams and 6 teams compete in the playoffs while NBA has 16 teams competing. In the case of NBA, top 8 teams from regular season in each division are selected for the playoffs which makes it sometimes unfair for some of the teams. This is because the 9th team from a particular division may have more wins than some of the teams competing in the playoffs from an opposite division. Although there are some on going arguments on the level differences of East and West divisions, it seems that NBA would keep this system for now. Current status on KBL playoffs. (Photo courtesy of KBL) As of today, NBA’s most of the conference semi-final teams have been decided with only one spot left to go. Being tied at 3-3, Los Angeles Clippers and Utah Jazz would compete for the last remaining spot. Key players It’s not just something about the NBA, but there are so many types of records they keep on players. One of the MVP candidates that we need to eye on this season from the NBA is Russell Westbrook. He has set up some magnificent numbers on the board with a season triple-double (averaging more than 2-digit numbers in scores, assists, rebounds) although Oklahoma Thunder was unable to enter the conference semi-finals. Russell Westbrook's 2016-17 seasonal statistics. (Photo courtesy of NBA) As for KBL, although they keep a separate record from foreign players to domestic players, it seems that Andre Emmett is showing a high performance ranking the 1st in scoring, field goals made, and free throws made. Andre Emmett's profile (Photo courtesy of KBL) After taking a look at some of the differences in the NBA and KBL, it seems that although there have been some minor distinctions between the two leagues, they exist to make the games more exciting to watch. Enjoy the warm weather and breeze and play some basketball games outside as the exam period is over and keep an eye out for who would be the champions of both leagues. Kim Seung-jun nzdave94@hanyang.ac.kr

2017-04 24

[Special]Short Getaway to Korean Traditional Villages

While having quite distinctive four seasons, Korea boasts a very hot and humid summer. Traveling outside of crowded Seoul, there are two small yet antique villages which will be able to refresh one along with special memories. Damyang Moowol Village Located in Damyang, South Jeolla province, Moowol Village is where one can feel close to nature. Surrounded by a small mountain at the back, a river flows across, which already makes one feel more relaxed. The name ‘Moowol’ implies beautiful moonlight shining on the village at night. As it is a quiet village only composed of hosts running hanok (Korean traditional house), it is a desirable place to visit for people who want to take their busy mind off things while being inspired by something new. Small and tranquil, Damyang is perfect for people who needs a short getaway with friends and family. (Photo courtesy of blog.naver.com/foodnuri/) On the first day, it is recommended to walk around the village along the course called ‘Dalmaji-gil road’. A 30-minute course is easy for everyone to walk along. A walking course surrounding the village. (Photo courtesy of blog.naver.com/foodnuri/) What is also special about the village is that they provide various programs for every season. As it is the village of bamboo forests, one of the most popular activities is to make bamboo rice. Using beans, cooking rice in bamboo leaves grown and made in the village makes the dish a one of a kind. Ingredients for bamboo rice are neatly set. (Photo courtesy of moowol.kr) According to its official homepage, there are other activities to do, such as making Korean traditional snacks, rice cakes and side dishes. If not a big fan of cooking, there are also Korean traditional games on offer, like playing changgu (a Korean drum) and wheel-rolling, to which instructions will follow. Yangpyeong Moggoji Village At the end of spring, Moggoji Village located in Yangpyeong, Gyeonggi province, is an optimal place to visit in the season. Moggoji in Korean means gatherings or parties with people to engage in fun activies. As the name implies, the village hosts small festivals in different seasons. In the spring, which is almost coming to its end, the strawberry festival is most popular in Moggoji village. First sight of the Moggoji Village. (Photo courtesy of joohyunri.modoo) Composed of eight separate greenhouses, the village only provides organic strawberries to its visitors. As the trees are very delicate, instructions will be given from a farmer on how to pick the fruit well. It is also advised to wear dark-colored clothes for possible strawberry stains. Visitors picking strawberries in a greenhouse. (Photo courtesy of joohyunri.modoo) The strawberry festival is not the sole reason to visit the Moggoji village. In the coming summer, Moggji village is to open up a natural resort for swimming and rafting. In the fall and winter, there are programs like crop harvesting and Kimchi making. Summer is another festive season in the Moggoji village. (Photo courtesy of joohyunri.modoo) Yun Ji-hyun uni27@hanyang.ac.kr

2017-04 10

[Special]Korean Couple Culture

The question of whether one is dating or not a big issue in Korea, and Korean couples tend to spend a quite a lot of time together. Korean couples exhibit unified ways of expressing love, which can even be as naturally called as a ‘couple culture’. Although formulaic in some ways, the following features of how Koreans date may enlighten couples on maintaining better relationships. Growing intimate through anniversaries and message-sending Most couples celebrate anniversaries year after year, but Korean couples go even further. It is the norm in Korea to celebrate 100th day anniversaries, counting from the day they officially began their relationship. Korean couples usually celebrate 100th, 200th to 300th, then 500th, and 1000th day. Those days are celebrated by eating out at pleasant restaurants, having cake, exchanging love letters, flowers and presents. Teen couples even go as far as to celebrate their 22nd day calling it ‘two-two’, meaning they became ‘two’ instead of ‘one’. This is because they break up much earlier than adult couples, but still want to celebrate a special event with their loved ones. Some people celebrate 50th-day anniversary as well. Couples exchange presents together on their 100th day anniversaries. (Photo courtesy of S.I.VILLAGE) Other events that Korean couples enjoy which are not related to their dating days are the 14th day of each month. The 14th day events originate from Valentine’s Day. The most famous 14th day event besides Valentine’s is White Day, which is on March 14th. In Korea, women give chocolates to men on Valentine’s and men returns candies to women on White Day. Other days’ include Rose Day on May 14th, and Wine Day on October 14th, which is simply exchanging roses and drinking wine together, respectively. On Black Day, which is on April 14th, some singles eat jajangmyeon, or noodles with black soybean sauce together and promise themselves next year, they would be able to find partners and celebrate White Day. Koreans also like to use text messengers frequently, such as KakaoTalk or Between, in order to feel they are together when they are alone. Many couples constantly report their daily lives if they are not busy. Although this may be bothersome, couples can understand each other more deeply by having these kinds of conversations. The frequency of sending messages can be interpreted as love and attention for their partners. Therefore, couples get upset and fight when their partners seem careless about message-sending. There are, however, some Korean couples who do not want to be bothered by messages- but they also at least send good morning and good night texts to one another. Between is similar to KakaoTalk but different in that it is a one-on-one messenger app. Couples can not only text but record memorable days and post photos. (Photo courtesy of Vulcan Post) Dates courses, couple rings, and matching items Korean couples usually visit cafes, watch movies, and take a walk together. However, to break away from the boring, general style of dating, they prepare a ‘date course’ to make their dates much interesting and enjoyable. Due to Korean couples’ tendency to visit places and make special memories, theme cafes such as cat and dog cafes are very popular. There are also couple date course apps called Daisy and Date Pop. The ‘date course’ varies by weather and season, and the most famous course is visiting Yeouido or Lake Seokchon in spring to see cherry blossoms in full bloom. Cherry blossom festival is a famous date course for Korean couples. (Photo courtesy of http://blog.enter6.co.kr/1733) Couples all over the world buy their rings before their marriage; however Korean couples purchase their rings by the 100th day. The so-called ‘couple rings’ are usually less expensive than marriage rings, but still come with various decorations and designs. Targeting couples who are finding unique couple rings, there also exists ring making theme cafés to help those who desire to create their own rings. Finally, matching clothing items and accessories are worn by Korean couples which include hats, shoes, bracelets, and much more. The similar fashion of couples is called ‘couple look’, and it is on the wish lists of many couples. Korean couples with a ‘couple look’ is not hard to find, varying from clothes with similar patterns to ones with the exact same colors and designs. Usually, couples wear the ‘couple look’ when they are on special dates, such as going to an amusement park. Many Korean couples like to wear matching clothes. (Photo courtesy of Dispatch) Jang Soo-hyun luxkari@hanyang.ac.kr

2017-04 03

[Reviews]Sewol Resurfaced- A Record of 1037 Days

At 8:55 AM on 16th April 2014, a ferry with 476 people on board capsized and began to sink in the middle of the sea at Jindo, South Jeolla province. Out of the passengers, 304 people have been determined dead or missing. 250 people on board were students leaving to Jeju Island for their school excursion trip from Danwon High School. At the age of 17, young and promising students lost their lives. The remaining 50-odd people, who were teachers, crew members and others, also gave out their final breaths in the deep ocean. On 23rd March 2017, the ferry Sewol has been dragged out of the water with grief. Citizens and the bereaved families had been, and stil are, lamenting the tragedy for as long as 1037 days. Resentment towards the incompetent government, the deep sorrow for lost lives, and ongoing interrogation concerning those behind the incident still cut across a wide swath of South Korea. Vestige of the 1037 days 2014 April 16 of 2014 was the day governmental institutes of South Korea proved themselves to be inadequate. The Central Disaster and Safety Countermeasures Headquarters altered its announcements regarding the number of the rescued from all saved to 368 to 164 in five hours. In the acute situation, families and people concerned with the losses had their hearts tormented. Also, the captain of ferry Sewol- Lee Jun-seok did not announce any leaving instructions to the passengers, and left the ferry alone in his underwear. With all lifeboats wrecked and all crew members bunged off, 304 students and passengers slowly were confronted with death. Absence of the control tower also enraged the bereaved and the citizens. Former president Park Geun-hye revealed her appearance seven hours after the incident occurred. The mysterious whereabouts of Park- the one person who must have shared the agony of the losses, is still unknown. Ferry Sewol is about to completely sink under the water at 1 PM on April 16 of 2014. (Photo courtesy of Youbube channel-BJ Kim) 2015 The official searching operation for the missing passengers continued for eight months, and was completed on November 11. On April 22 of 2015, which is a year after the incident, the government decides to refloat the hull. Since then, suicidal scandals of the assistant principal and the president of Cheonghaejin Shipping Corporation, suspicions regarding ferry Sewol and the exceeded amount of military commodities loaded up in the luggage room, and discords between the families of the deceased threw Korea into the utter confusion. The Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries organized the ferry Sewol’s resolving Task Force team to prepare salving the sunken vessel. However, people’s suspicious glances never halted, as the government kept announcing the excessive cost of the task and enacting special laws on ferry Sewol. The special laws on ferry Sewol was granting university admission privileges for the survivors, life-long financial supports, construction of memorial parks, and more. These favors, according to JTBC, are not asserted by the families of the deceased. However, this news began to stir up grievance and disturbance between people and the concerned. 2016 After much meandering, the salvage operation was embarked on. However, the doubts on salvage enterprise selection began to rise on the surface. The Dutch salvage company, “Smit Consortium” was evaluated as the first, while the Chinese company “Shanghai Salvage” was evaluated the second. However, these two companies had 60 billion dollars difference and the Korean government selected Shanghai Salvage. The Chinese salvage company affirmed of the operation due date by July of 2016. However, their technique “floating dock” failed, and the due date was extended. After the six months long trial, the salvage company renounced its technique and switched to the ordinary method and demanded 10 billion more dollars. Park of the Ferry Sewol is being revealed on March 23. (Photo courtesy of Huffington Post) 2017 Former president Park has been impeached on March 10 of 2017. The ferry Sewol has been successfully refloated and has greeted sunshine for the first time in 1037 days. The families of the deceased passengers on ferry Sewol encountered their closest tragedy. The recovery operation of the ferry is still on going, until all bodies lost under the sea are found. The distrusted government The South Korean government under President Park has kicked off its ambitious beginning in 2013. However, the Anti-Terrorism Act, a government-designed history textbook, and the agreement to the Japanese Government for appeasing sexual slaves at the former Japanese military with money caused enormous resistance and collision between main political parties. In 2014, ferry Sewol that sank with 250 high school students and 54 passengers aroused doubts on the government’s ability to handle national matters. Also, the mysterious whereabouts of President Park during the disaster and settlements of this affair also brought about the seriousness and trustworthiness of the government. Then in 2016, the influence peddling incident of Choi Sun-shil in the South Korean government under President Park was officially covered on the news. The citizens were furious and they walked to the streets to appeal their resentment. The head of the government had to step down. CNN is reporting on the impeachment of President Park in South Korea. (Photo courtesy of CNN) When the government was selecting the salvage company to refloat the ferry Sewol, the primary concern of them was the cost. Perhaps, the most expensive cost of salvage was not 140 billion dollars of the Dutch salvage consortium, but the distrust of the people. The sunken ferry Sewol has been refloated in 1037 days. The ferry Sewol shipped with students of Danwon High School who had to return from their field trip on Friday the 18th of April in 2014 came back on Friday the 24th of March in 2017. The long journey of them awakens the citizen to vote for their new, just government. Kim Ju-hyun kimster9421@hanyang.ac.kr

2017-03 29
2017-03 20 Important News

[Special]For a Convenient Campus Life

A school is the students' hub of life. Spending almost two-thirds of their day, students not only take lectures but also take breaks, hang out with friends and study. With so much work to do, many would have encountered difficulty not knowing where to print assignments before class, or where to withdraw money after banks have closed. It would be much more helpful to maintain a convenient campus life to be equipped with the knowledge of the location of school facilities and services. School Facilities One may prefer a quiet atmosphere to study, but a moderate amount of white noise may increase concentration. In the case where one favors a comfortable environment, empty classrooms and cafes are not the only alternative to Paiknam library study rooms. Study lounges in some college buildings in HYU are available to every Hanyangian. The newly built study lounges of engineering building 1, 2 have spacious interior and plenty of room to study and rest. A much quieter study room, which is also new and pleasant, is provided in the humanities building. A part of the student lounge in engineering building 1. Study lounge in the humanities building. Those who study in groups can reserve study rooms and empty classrooms in each college through corresponding administrative offices. Additionally, seminar rooms and creative zone in Paiknam Library, and the library in the college of law building are able to be reserved on-line through Paiknam Library’s online homepage. In addition, group study room in the renovated student cafeteria in Hanyang Plaza is preparing to be provided for the use of students. There are a lot of facilities that can aid students besides study lounges, such as ATM machines, printing shops, resting lounges for female students, and shower rooms. For students who have to use banking services can visit the Shinhan bank in the Alumni Association Building. However, because the building is far from many places in the university, ATM machines are located from place to place in the campus. Although printing is available in most PC rooms in each college building, many printing shops are also there for quicker service. However, be aware that T-money card is mainly used for paying copies in PC rooms, but one has to pay in cash in printing shops when the price is lower than 1,000 won. A map of ATMs and printing shops in school. Resting lounges for female students vary in sizes and interior, and the most cleanest and comfortable ones are in the Engineering Building 1, the Humanities Building, and the College of Natural Sciences. The woman-only resting lounge in the student union building is currently in the process of renovation. One resting room for male students is available in the B1 floor of the Business Administration building. Shower rooms are also situated here and there in the campus, however, only cold water is provided in most places. Therefore, using them in only in hot weather or emergency situations is recommended. A map of women and men's resting lounges. A map of shower rooms in the campus. Jang Soo-hyun luxkari@hanyang.ac.kr Photos by Choi Min-ju Designs by Kim Hye-im

2017-03 20

[Special]History of Makeup: from Goryeo to Joseon

Makeup is derived from the instinctual human desire to make oneself more beautiful. Makeup has been used to fulfill various purposes from about 4000 years ago. Cosmetics were used to protect oneself from the environment, to practice religious rituals, and to express one’s social status. In today's society, makeup has become indispensible to display one’s own personality and image. The history of makeup during Goryeo and Joseon dynasties can be traced back to understand the historical background and meaning of makeup. Flourishing of makeup, Goryeo In Korea, appearance of makeup started to emerge during the years of the three kingdoms Silla, Goguryeo, and Baekje (BC 37~668). It is said that the introduction of Buddhism greatly influenced the culture of makeup in Silla. After the unification of the three kingdoms, there came Goryeo (918~1392), where the culture of makeup reached its peak. A lot of the makeup skills and its products were passed over from Silla and started to develop from it. What is special about Goryeo is that it is the first country in Korean history to have promote and teach about makeup. It is said that the first king of Goryeo, Tae Jo Wang geon, ordered that Gisaengs (who served the king inside the palace) be taught how to properly wear makeup and the etiquette that followed it. An example of Goryeo's gisaeng makeup. (Photo courtesy of blog.naver/ahn640301) People have differentiated their makeup looks based on their social status at a particular time. Gisaengs who always have to wear makeup due to their job wore comparatively heavier makeup than the average. It was called bundae makeup. They wore hair oils to make their hair appear shiny, and white face powder to make their complexsion pale with contrasting vivid red rouge on the lip and cheeks. Eyebrows were thin and drawn in semicircular shape. On the other hand, average women preferred less makeup without the use of color on their cheeks and lips. Celadon cosmetics containers in Goryeo. (Photo courtesy of Coreana Cosmetics Museum) In addition to the social influence that encouraged using makeup, the development of celadon and the mirror also greatly contributed to its popularity. At the time, the technology of manufacturing celadon in Goryeo was eclipsing to the point of having it exported to different countries such as China. It soon led to production of different commodities used in people’s daily lives. A lot of the makeup containers were made with celadon. Skillful Goryeo people also made themselves a mirror based on the skills learned from China. Soon enough, the technology developed so that mass production was possible. It was soon dispersed to people and allowed the makeup culture in Goryeo to flourishment . Simple and natural beauty, Joseon On the other hand, the makeup culture of Joseon was more simple and plain compared to that of Goryeo. Compared to the social tendency to promote a luxurious appearance, Joseon (1392~1910) emphasized inner beauty rather than outer beauty, a ruling ideloogy rooted in Confucianism. It was even banned to wear extravagant garments or heavy makeup. Bundae makeup, popularized among gisaengs in Goryeo was also thought of as “too much” or inappropriate. Thus, the makeup looks in Joseon were very confined to its natural appearance. The brows, skin, cheeks and lips all had to look “natural”. If the before and after makeup the on a person looked vastly different, it was considered despicable. An 18th century beauty in Joseon by Kim Hong-do. (Photo courtesy of Seoul National Museum) While the makeup trend in Joseon was simpler than that of Goryeo, that didn’t necessarily mean women at the time didn’t wear makeup at all. In fact, while the overall look is still natural, women in Joseon focused on keeping their skin clear and their look natural yet put together. They made themselves a lotion to keep their skin moisturized and applied honey mixed with its residue as a facial mask. According to the book Gyuhap Chongseo (1809), there were a number of ways to style one’s hair, ten ways to draw one’s brows, and several ways to apply lip makeup. It is noticeable that the book was read mostly by average Joseon women, not gisaeng or yangban (people in higher social class). While most of the makeup products were hand-made in homes, makeup industries and its market started to emerge in the later period of Joseon. According to the records, there were separate makeup stores in markets and merchants who visited homes to sell makeup or hair products. In the painting called Taepyung sung sido which depicts scenes of people’s daily life during the Joseon era, it is interesting to spot stores selling accessories, combs, and mirrors. Compared to the mirrors made in Goryeo, mirrors made in glass were imported from countries like Russia or China and became more popular as it was much lighter and clearer. A lot of people, usually men, would buy their wives a mirror as a gift if they have a chance to travel to China. Makeup accessories and portraits from Goryeo to Joseon. (Photo courtesy of Tistory/dreamlives) Yun Ji-hyun uni27@hanyang.ac.kr

2017-03 20 Important News

[Special]How To Be the Top Student

Romance and lethargy along with the spring breeze is yet to be seen on campus, with a tsunami of exams and assignments silently creeping up. The campus, filled with the energetic vibes of students, will soon turn to chaos with the exam period approaching. Since being prepared is better than not, News H gathered ssome great tips from six students with excellent grades. They give insight into studying more efficiently, and most importantly, becoming the top student of your department! Mastering the art When attending a variety of classes, team projects are often required- they could be a box of chocolates or Pandora's box if unlucky. As was said famously in the movie 'Forrest Gump', “You never know what you’re going to get.” Sometimes one may do all the work alone, or, if lucky, people would do their equal share unlike the freeriders who only add their names to the final presentation. No Kyung-min (Division of International Studies 3rd year), the top student of the 2016 spring semester, always studies regularly. As for the assignments, he completes it the day he receives the instructions. “I have a habit of reading books out loud as if I’m teaching myself. It works for me,” said No. He recommends students to look for the flow in information and obtain new knowledge by conversing with fellow classmates.“ As for team projects, it's important to set deadlines and evenly distribute the work,” No added. Lee Soo-bin uses diagrams, notes, and colored pens for taking notes. (Photos courtesy of Lee) Lee Soo-bin (Department of Dance, 2nd year) is the top student of 2016 with an average GPA of 4.4. The Dance Department consists of three majors: Korean Dance, Modern Dance, and Ballet. Lee is majoring in Korean Dance. “Sometimes the assignment is to perform a dance out of my own creation,” said Lee. In departments that require such performances, Lee believes that it is most important to practice- over and over again. She also has a habit of reading, writing, and speaking out loud at the same time when studying. “Assignments are an extension of what you learn in lectures, so what is learnt in class should be utilized to the fullest for perfect understanding,” Lee concluded. Park Sung-woo (Department of Computer Science, 2nd year) is also the top student of 2016, with an average GPA of 4.35. Park usually studies for an average of one hour every day. A habit of Park's is to take notes on everything in class, although it may not make sense at the time. “Most people do not like to preview class materials, which is the same for me. That’s why studying for exams and handing in assignments should be done on a regular basis,” said Park. Kim Han-gyeol has experience in producing animation and design. (Photos courtesy of Kim) Kim Han-gyeol (Department of Entertainment Design, ERICA, 3rd year) was the top student in the 2015 fall semester, with a GPA of 4.46. Since Kim is attending the College of Design, a lot of exams are replaced with midterm and final assignments. A tip that Kim provides is to get the confirmation from professors from time to time while doing assignments. “It not only leaves a good impression, but it also helps greatly in creating better work.” As for most of the exams, Kim prepares for about two weeks. “I have a revision session which I repeat about four times,” said Kim. As with other top students, Kim also writes and reads out loud while studying. Bae Da-hui (Division of Advertising & Public Relations, ERICA, 4th year) is the overall top student with an average GPA of 4.25. The thing about Bae is that she doesn't take notes during class. “No matter how good you are at multitasking, you would lose concentration as time goes,” said Bae. She studies for about three hours a day with intense focus. As with other top students, Bae also reads, writes, and speaks out loud while studying. “You should memorize with your own method of storytelling. It really helps a lot." Kim Hee-ryung's work from last semester. (Photos courtesy of Kim) Kim Hee-ryung (Department of Applied Art Education, 3rd year) is the top student overall, with an average GPA of 4.28. Her department is divided into Pure Fine Arts and Applied Arts. A lot of the exams are replaced by presentation portfolios consisting of a storyline with the intention of expressing th entire semest'er work piece, materials, and technique. “It is important to have a purpose for creating a work piece and how it should be made,” said Kim. A habit of Kim is to scribble down notes on a spare piece of paper. “Projects should be done with mutual respect and preparation of everything should be done beforehand,” concluded Kim. Like other top students, Kim Hee-ryung has a habit of reading out loud. (Photo courtesy of Kim) We all know that there is no shortcut to studying. Even if you have photographic memory, what good would it be if the knowledge cannot be applied because of not having understood it fully? Some of the tips provided above may have seemed too basic, but remember, in the end, it is always the basics that produce great results. Kim Seung-jun nzdave94@hanyang.ac.kr