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2017-08 14

[Special][Op-ed] The Buried Sorrows of Koreans

On the 26th of July, a movie named Gunhamdo (Battleship Island) was released, shading a new light on the forced labor of Koreans during the Japanese colonial era. This movie is based on an island named Hashima, and focuses on the Koreans facing extreme labor dominated by the Japanese. This movie pulled out great attention towards the historical facts of Hashima island, and revealed some historical facts people should know. A photo of Hashima Island, also known as Battleship Island. (Photo courtesy of Chosun news) Hashima Island, which is also called as a battleship island due to their appearance, is a small island near Nagasaki, which all 6.3 hectares were used as a coal mine. During the 1950s, this island thrived because of enormous amounts of coal mines production and thus was able to support the modernization of Japan. This little island contained the first reinforced concrete structured apartment in Japan along with various modernized recreation facilities such as theaters and restaurants. However, this island has been abandoned since 1974 when coal mines shut down. In 2015, Hashima island was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage site as it was recognized as a site that contributed to the modernization of Japan. This island is now used as a tourist sight, to show the introduction of Japan’s modernization. However, on the other side of this island, contains huge sacrifice of Koreans. A lot of Koreans, most of them fifteen or sixteen, were taken to the island and were forced to work 1000m under the ground in narrow coal mine tunnels. The average temperature exceeded 45° with excessive amounts of coal dust when the workers only had their underwear on, let alone decent working suits. They constantly suffered from the threats of methane explosions and mines caving in. Moreover, the workers only received a single chunk of the leftovers of soybean oil for their meals. A survivor Choi Jang-sub reminisced, “No one would be full even when we eat our breakfast and lunch all at once. Desperate screams were heard all day through concrete walls due to hunger. My only wish was to have a simple meal with rice and soup.” Workers who were only teenagers were forced to work for an average of 12 hours a day. If they couldn’t fulfill their quota, the supervisors would whip them and not ration their meals. If they were caught escaping, they would be beaten to death on the spot or tortured. There is a record that water mixed with coal ashes were poured into noses of people hung upside-down for this torture. The workers therefore called this island, "the Hell Island". A photo of a Korean working in the mine of Hashima Island. (Photo courtesy of MBC) The mine workers didn't receive enough food to eat. (Photo courtesy of MBC) In 2015, a variety show in Korea, Muhandojeon, introduced a tower in Takashima Island that was erected for the souls of the Korean workers in Hashima Island. Citizens fund-raised money to modify the road to this tower, as it was shown covered with bushes, looking as if it were intended to be hidden. However, after the modification, Nagasaki hung a danger sign across the road with improvised direction boards, referring that it isn’t certain Korean workers’ remains are under the tower. As more Koreans visited this site despite this sign, Nagasaki blocked the whole road with large wooden sticks and copperplates. Japan has now completely blocked the single way Koreans could visit and pray for the workers sacrificed through forced labor. Japan is now facing a deadline made by the UNESCO. As there were fierce oppositions made by Korea before being designated as a world heritage site, Japan has mentioned they would indicate Koreans were ‘forced to work’, and make a progress report until December this year. However, right after the designation, Japan declared that the phrase ‘forced to work’ didn’t mean forced labor, but was intended as mine workers in Japanese. Japan is currently denying all forced labor made upon Koreans and blocking all ways of approach, and therefore pulls attention on how they are going to make through their progress report. Even in the current tour course, the sites which are expected to be worksites, are blocked due to ‘restoration work’. There are still a lot of facts to be identified between Korea and Japan. What is truly needed is the interests of all global citizens to reveal what is right and what is wrong. Messages were found on the walls of coal mine tunnels. (Photo courtesy of EBS) On Jung-yun jessica0818@hanyang.ac.kr

2017-07 31

[Special]Korean Films Drawing Attention from the World

A Korean historical movie on the May 18 Democratic Uprising ‘A Taxi Driver (2017)’ has been selected as a closing movie at this year’s Fantasia Film Festival in Montreal, Quebec. It was the very first Korean movie to close the festival. As more and more movies from Korea are invited to numerous international film festivals such as Fantasia, Cannes and Berlin International, attention from the world to Korean films are also growing year by year. Some movie journalists call 2017 as one of the most significant years in the Korean film history. The poster for the movie 'Okja (2017)'. Released in June 28th, it is available on Netflix and small theaters. Standing ovation in Cannes ‘Okja’ is a name of Director Bong Joon-ho’s most recent film but also a name of a super pig in the movie, which refers to a genetically modified species invented to feed millions with the least environmental impact. Another main character Mija is a farmer girl who is Okja’s best friend and family. She fights for Okja against people who try to take it. The movie tries to deliver the message of veganism and the cruelty within a meat diet. Bong revealed that he also turned vegan through numerous interviews. ‘Okja’ was spotlighted for various reasons. To begin with, it was produced by the world-wide video streaming service Netflix, with famous casts such as Tilda Swinton, Paul Dano, and Lily Colins. It’s unprecedented way of distribution also brought attention to the film itself. Netflix’s decision to release it online only in most markets induced heated debates across the world. This is why Korean audiences cannot watch 'Okja' in major multiplexes in Korea such as CGV, Megabox and Lotte Cinema. Despite all the stories behind, the film was officially selected in Cannes and also got an unexpected standing ovation that lasted for four minutes in its premiere. Berlin best actress winning film also in Cannes From the left, actress Kim Min-hee and director Hong Sang-soo. Kim is holding her Silver Bear trophy from Berlin International Film Festival. Actress Kim Min-hee also received attention from world-wide by winning the best actress award at Berlin International Film Festival, for 'On the Beach at Night Alone (2017)'. Directed by Hong Sang-soo, two other movies of theirs also made it to the Cannes this year. 'The Day After (2017)' in competition, and 'Claire’s Camera (2017)' in special screening segment. This is the filmmaker’s fourth time competing in Cannes. The Silver Bear winner actress Kim Min-hee is on both of the movies, too. Unlike the speculation of many Korean press expecting one, the films did not win any awards. However, it definitely was a step forward to shed the light on Korean films and film workers behind the scene. Other than the movies made by renowned directors, movies such as 'Villainess (2017)' by Jung Byung-Gil and 'The Merciless (2017)' by Byun Sung-hyun also received invitations from the Cannes, both in the midnight screening area. This made two out of three cinemas in the area to be Korean. This opens many doors for Korean film industry to explore various themes with the support of international funds, even for people who are relatively new to the industry. For foreigners in Korea Demand for English, Chinese and Japanese subtitled Korean films has been increasing due to such international interests. Thanks to Seoul city and CJ’s ‘English Subtitles on Korean Movies Business’ in 2010, many foreigners can still enjoy some films without having to find illegal routes. Also, there are about a dozen of Korean movies including the famous “Okja” on Netflix, of course with subtitles for foreigners. Kim So-yun dash070@hanyang.ac.kr

2017-07 24

[Special]Dokkebi, the Korean Goblins

Korean goblins, known as dokkebi, are often described with high horns, big eyes, clothes made out of tiger leather, and carrying an iron mace. These goblins often appear in old Korean tales and if we take a careful look into these tales, it is not hard to find that the image that people have about dokkebi is quite wrong. The idea of dokkebi with horns came from Japan’s Oni, which is a Japanese version of goblin. The famous story of “old man with a lump” is also what has been spread to Korea during Japanese colonial times. Diverse types of myths exist on where they came from, but it is hard know where they really came from. Different Types of Dokkebi Bride dokkebi is the only goblin with the shape of a beautiful lady. They are known to appear at night to fool around with drunk men. They have the best trait of a dokkebi in that they lure people well. Most of the men who are lured by the bride dokkebi are found under the bridges or inside the bushes talking nonsense. These goblins showed traits of god which rewards the good and punish the bad. One-eyed dokkebi is one of the most famous goblin which are known to appear in Jeolla province or around Jeju island. Other than being one-eyed, they have good appetite which can be guessed from their huge mouth and belly. With their appetite, they sneak into people’s houses and eat up buckwheat jelly, steamed rice cake, and rice wine as much as they could then disappear the next morning. One-legged dokkebi is also one of the most popular characters used in the traditional comics and tales. Although they only have one leg, they love doing Korean wrestling (ssireum). They are known to smell fishy and because they have one leg, it seems easy to beat them but it’s actually harder to win against them for some reason. One tip for winning against them is to push them towards the left since they won’t move an inch being pushed towards the right. Later on, these creatures have been brought back into the spotlight as TV drama characters. This is a commonly mistaken idea of how dokkebi looks like which is actually Oni, a Japanese goblin. (Photo courtesy of fr.aliexpress.com) Dokkebi in Korean soap opera Dokkebi became quite an issue through Korean drama earlier this year. By recreating the image of dokkebi in the modern world, it depicted the goblin as a god-like figure with ultimate power. Although some scenes described dokkebi different from what it should have been, there were aspects similar with the conventional goblin in Korean traditional tales. Dokkebi has been depicted as a god-like figure in modern day drama (Photo courtesy of tvN) These goblins are known to be well adapted to warfare and they are born from old broomsticks, furniture, or materials that have human blood on it. The dokkebi from the drama is also a great warrior and was born from a sword stained with blood. Real, or older dokkebi is generally depicted as a huge, hairy man who enjoys wearing white trousers and bamboo braided hat. Drama depicted the goblin as tall, handsome man (being hairy yet to be identified) who wears a stylish outfit. As for the characteristics they have, it shares quite similar traits while being quite different suited to modern day style. These goblins are known to be party animals being surrounded by people all night long drinking rice wine. They are quite naïve that they are tricked by humans a lot. In addition, they are known to be playful yet ill tempered. The drama shares a similar trait in that they are competitive yet naive. Other than that, this goblin does not enjoy being around people or drinking alcohol a lot. As such, the character of dokkebi created in the modern drama refers to the original idea of the goblin although changes have been made to suit the modern day viewers. As such, there are diverse types of dokkebi in Korea and the list would go on ranging from baby ones to elderly and even the furniture being a type of dokkebi. Although some of them may seem quite different from humans, a lot of Korean goblins share a similar trait that they reward the good and punish the bad. For they are quite fair and square, it would be best to be kind to people around you to avoid any mishaps. Korean dokkebi would look similar to this picture, a hairy man without horns. (Photo courtesy of blog.naver.com/kcis) Kim Seung-jun nzdave94@hanyang.ac.kr

2017-07 12

[Special]Black Enjoyment Given From Nature

Splashes of mud are thrown back and forth with loud screams and laughter. People become unrecognizable with mud. Boryeong-si is hosting Boryeong Mud Festival, the largest foreigner-participating festival in Korea, starting this 21st until the 30th. The combination of mud and festival is indeed unfamiliar to a lot of foreigners. However, this feature with generally not-so-clean perception has some unique characteristics. A picture of people enjoying the mud festival. (Photo courtesy of boryeongmudfestival.com) Tomatoes in Europe, mud in Korea A lot of people have a prejudice that mud is dirty. Contrasted with its appearance, mud is used in various cosmetic products. There is a record on mud that it was used in Cleopatra’s make-up and in Chinese cosmetics since the ancient times. There are also records that tells mud was used for skin care, also to treat skin diseases. Nowadays, mud is not only used for make-up and skin care, but also for dying clothes and sauna. Mud, contrary to the general belief, has a broad impact on human daily life. The manufactured mud contains various natural minerals that is effective in terms of preventing skin aging. Moreover, mud allows physical therapy as it has abilities to restrain and resist bacteria. Using these traits of mud, various big and small events involving mud started to emerge in Korea. Along the coastal areas of Southwest Chungcheongnam-do province, fine sea mud rich in minerals is found. The sea mud has abundant amount of Germanium and Bentonite that radiates high level of far-infrared rays making it helpful for skin care. Using this valuable trait of mud, Koreans combined entertainable features and made it a unique festival. Boryeong-si first hosted this festival in 1998 for four days with sixteen programs. Despite the unfamiliar and small scaled festival, 30 million tourists participated, leading to a huge success. Now, Boryeong Mud Festival is one of the most famous festivals in Korea. The mascots of Boryeong Mud Festival (Photo courtessy of boryeongmudfestival.com) The biggest mud festival The 20th Boryeong Mud Festival is being held for ten days this month mainly in Daecheon beach, which is 100m wide and 3.5km long. This shell beach is famous for its moderate water temperature and gentle slopes making it more attractive for a summer vacation spot in the West Sea. Only 30 percent of the day’s sales are available online during June and the rest are sold on-site. Diverse programs are made to allow all tourists to enjoy the mud in various ways. As the festival is held in a large area, tourists can enjoy different zones with interest. The festival provides numerous programs starting from a giant mud bath and slides, to color mud painting. Tourists can experience the thrills through the slides and fun through bathing in the mud. They can also take unique, memorable pictures in prison-like structures with mud all over their bodies. The programs are made not only to enjoy the mud, but also to enjoy the environment of Boryeong itself. People visiting the festival can also enjoy the Daecheon beach to cool themselves off, and look around numerous busking, parades and stage performances. The festival offers uncountable programs to see, feel and listen to. Tourists are enjoying the stage performance of Boryong Mud Festival. (Photo courtessy of boryeongmudfestival.com) So how can you fully enjoy this festival? Boryeong Mud Festival is a lot different from other festivals since ‘mud’ is involved in almost all activities. As mud is not very easy to wash off, a spare set of clothes would be necessary. Moreover, in order to keep the cash and waterproof cameras, a waterproof bag would be required. Moreover, packing earplugs would make you a sensible person since they will help preventing mud from going in your ears. Beside these notes, just feel free to have fun. The Mud Festival is an experience one should try at least once in their lifetime. As mud itself is a unique feature, anyone would be able to make unforgettable memories through this helpful substance. Simply with an open heart, anyone would be able to make great friends regardless of age, gender and nationalities. Make new friends through the festival! (Photo courtessy of boryeongmudfestival.com) On Jung-yun jessica0818@hanyang.ac.kr

2017-07 03

[Special]From Fashionable to Affordable

Ubiquitous, affordable, and trendy are the most suitable terms to describe Korean beauty shops and their products. It is no secret that Korea is outrunning its competitors in the global beauty market, with both its domestic and global popularity skyrocketing as new products are introduced by various brands. The so-called “road-shops” in Korea (because they are on roads) are easily found in the country. From numerous brands, road-shops are stocked with beauty items that are reasonably priced. From being accessible to affordable, K-beauty brands are seeing continuous growth in their sales in the global market. Brands and trends Famous Korean mid-range beauty brands. (Photo courtesy of wevio.com) Etude House, Tonymoly, Innisfree, Missha, The Face Shop, Nature Republic, Skin Food, and Holika Holika are all famous and popular cosmetic brands in Korea. Each brand boasts its own series of beauty products, loved not just for the products themselves but because of their eye-catching, likeable packaging. Korean beauty brands have also gained recognition for their innovative formulas, ingredients, and manufacturing processes. On top of all these, the sophisticated and demanding customers in the local Korean market have also been one of the major drivers. The facets aforementioned push K-beauty brands way ahead of the game, differentiating them from other international beauty brands and even in the highly competitive beauty market. The short product development cycle compared with the international players helps Korean beauty brands respond more quickly to evolving customer demands and trends. Innovation in product development is driven in part by the heavy investment in research and development. Mid-range beauty brands also has an impact on its domestic aspect. Since it is very accessible and affordable, young students, ranging from elementary to high school students can also be the tarketed customers. This has lowered an entry barrier to cosmetics, teenagers showing scorching interest in makeup products and makeup trend. The outcome was the so-called “student makeup” which is basically makeup style worn by teenage students. Examples of unique packaging of K-beauty products. (Photo courtesy of pinterest.com) Shop to shop, country to country Even though there are an increasing number of Korean beauty brand shops abroad, an influx of tourists is visiting Korea with the main interest of shopping for beauty products. Myeongdong and Ewha Woman’s University shopping street are the two most famous places to shop for cosmetic products, since virtually all brands of beauty stores are lining up in the street. Makeup lovers from various countries fly over to Korea and satisfy their beauty appetite with mid-range beauty products. Beauty brands in a row in Myeongdong (Photo courtesy of trend-traveller.com) Road-shops in a line in Ewha Woman's University street (Photo courtesy of pinterest.com) Floating on the wave of K-beauty, the mid-range beauty brands are emerging as a rising star in the world’s beauty market and finding overseas niche to meet the foreign demands as well. Just as K-pop and Hallyu is giveing quite of a cultural influence in the global stage, Korean beauty brands and the K-beauty trend is becoming increasingly popular and is being spotlighted in the makeup empire. Makeup trends of Korea, partly established by K-pop celebrities, idols’ fashion, and partly formed by beauty brands, are gaining popularity as Korean culture is further promoted overseas. Travellers from overseas purchasing dozens of K-beauty products (Photo courtesy of LookMazing) Jeon Chae-yun chaeyun111@hanyang.ac.kr

2017-06 19

[Special][Insight] Art at the Tip of a Brush

A white, prickling brush stained with black ink grinded on a stone embroider a hanji (traditional Korean paper made of mulberry trees). While writing is just an ordinary routine of a civilization, there can be found the art and soul. Seoyae refers to Chinese calligraphy which dates back to when Korea appointed its official language as Chinese- Goryeo dynasty. Based on the artist’s character and skills, the written words gleam their specialty. Continued for centuries, Seoyae is again attracting the public attention for the humanities fulfillment. South Korean calligrapher Hyun Byung-chan is demonstrating the art of Korean calligraphy. (Photo courtesy of YTN) Retracing the course of Seoyae The earliest pieces of Seoyae is found in many Buddhist Sutras of the Goryeo Dynasty. Even though there is documentation regarding the existence of seoyae in the Silla Dynasty, the actual work is not yet found. Seoyae is an expression of the artist’s aesthetic consciousness. The special point in the Korean calligraphy is that not only does Seoyae involve the beauty of the words, but also involves training the artist’s spirit. Goryeo was a devout Buddhist dynasty and thus developed a calm, concentrated Goryeo Font. Then in the Joseon Dynasty, corrupted Buddhism was abandoned and in 1446, King Sejong invented the Korean language. Since then, diversity of characteristics, fonts, and styles of the Korean calligraphy was augmented. Chusa font's characteristics are very harsh and sorrowful. (Photo courtesy of Goodsense Tistory) The beginning was the Gojeon font, meaning traditional. Its peculiarity is that the time spent on writing took longer and the edge of each letter was sharp, but soft. Then during the 15 to 17th centuries of the warring state, the national calligraphy style changed to the Gungseo font, meaning the shape of an archer. It resembles the shape of an archer who needs to quickly shoot an arrow, while concentrating. This font developed in this era, because communication through epistle ought to be immediate but accurate. At the end of the Joseon Dynasty, a scholar of the Realist school and a calligrapher Kim Jeong-hui with his pen name Chusa, developed a daring but unique Chusa font. Kim used to be exiled for political reasons and his sorrow was developed into the Chusa font. It does not have a regular structure, and the touch of a brush is very harsh. Modern Korean calligraphy After the Japanese annexation of Korea and the Korean War, South Korea was not able to enjoy arts and prosperity. After the rapid economic development, South Korea suddenly began to pay a careful attention to traditional arts, and among them was seoyae. There are often two types of people who learn calligraphy- children and the modern adults. The former is the case which their parents force them to learn the Chinese letters through interesting calligraphy. Because learning a language by playing with brush and ink intrigues children’s attention, their parents choose this way of education. In addition, the primary reason of teaching Chinese is because for centuries, Korea’s official language was Chinese letters and many classic literature and history books are written in Chinese. On the other hand, the latter is the case which modern adults who lost the joy in their busy life try to find their hobbies through calligraphy. The new South Korean trend allowed the supply and demand of the calligraphy market prospered which in turn led to the easy and cheap access to it. With a set of seoyae pens and brushes with the calligraphy practicing books sold at book stores, anyone can enjoy expressing their aesthetic consciousness through writing arts. Calligraphy practicing books are easily found at book stores. (Photo courtesy of Glecole) Kim Ju-hyun kimster9421@hanyang.ac.kr

2017-06 19

[Special][HY Talk] Sexism in Online Games, What Do You Think?

HY (Hanyang) Talk is a newly opened series in News H, which deals with different societal issues happening inside Korea. With different topics every time, around three to four students of HYU who wish to take part, will be joining. For their freedom of speech, their anonymity will be guaranteed. This week, HY Talk selected a subject which is some of the most serious problem inside a gaming environment, sexism in online games. Discrimination of woman users inside a game is becoming more serious with the advent of a game called ‘Overwatch’ (which is a team-based shooting game from the Blizzards Entertainment) with increasing number of woman users. We have gathered 3 female users and 1 male users who think it is the reflection of gender inequality inside our society and that it should to be solved to create more clean and equal gaming environment. Discrimination against woman users, how and why? Chairperson: Hello everyone, thank you all for participating. Before we start our talk, please briefly introduce yourself. A: Hello, I played computer games since last year. To me, it is a good hobby, I play it about three to four times a week, about 2 hours a day. B: Hi, I also started playing it since last fall and I really enjoy playing games because I can fully concentrate during the short amount of time while feeling extremely excited, just as if I'm working out. C: Nice to meet you all, I started playing games since last summer and Overwatch was my first computer game. It is now one of my good hobbies and I play it about twice a week during the weekends. D: Hello, I also started playing it since the last summer and as I am the only male user in this conversation, I hope I can hear more perspectives of woman users and share mine as a male game user. News H also opened a real Kakao Talk chat room to hear opinions from more people. Chairperson: Now that all of you are active game users, we want to hear your opinions on discrimination towards female users in online games. What do you think? A: People think picking a certain character inside a game has a relation with a user being a woman or a man. Inside ‘Overwatch’, I often play a character named ‘Mercy’ which is in a healer or support position. When I enter into a voice talk while I pick Mercy, users say ‘Oh you picked Mercy because you are a woman’. This, already is quite frustrating. What’s worse is that when the team is losing male users frequently blame women users. ‘We totally lost because of Mercy. Women are no good for the team.” C: I had a very similar experience once. When I joined voice chat once by myself, I heard a member of the team saying “Did you borrowed your boyfriend’s account? Then you better try hard not to lose for him.” It was really annoying but scary at the same time. From that incident, I always join voice talk only when I am playing with my friend. Funny thing is that people don’t say that when I am with other male friends inside a voice chat. Diva and Mercy are the two most frequently played characters by Korean female users. (Photo courtesy of Blizzards Entertainment) B: I didn’t had personal experience like A and C but come to think of it, I think that is the reason why I have never joined voice talk on my own. When I started to play computer games, I saw in other SNSs (Social Networking Services) how woman users are frequently blamed without a legitimate reason. That is absurd and stupid and I thought I do not need to do voice talk if I am prone to be discriminated just because I am a woman. Chairperson: Then, why do you guys think such unreasonable discrimination occurs in a gaming society? Would there be any specific reasons? D: Even as a male user, I cannot possibly understand why they do that. I mean the woman users they encounter in a game is in a similar level or scores. On what standards can they blame women? To be honest, although it might sound a little funny, I think they do that simply because of bad experiences they had with women in real lives. Like, they must have had rejected brutally in a relationship. A: When these users lose the game, they want to blame other people although it could be because of their lack of performance in the game. The target become a woman because they think women just can’t play game as good as male. It’s stupid. B: I agree with what D and A have said. To add, I think it is because some men view women as a subject and image of ‘sex’. While a ‘user’ in a game is supposed to mean both male and female users, it becomes ' a woman user' when a player is a female. A said that the most annoying thing about the discrimination is that she is not allowed to enjoy game as freely as men do. Chairperson: What would be stereotypes woman users have to face because of their gender? C: I think the most representative one is that men can play computer games better than women. It is because men think that games has been the hobby of men for a longer period, and increase of women in a gaming environment somewhat threatens them I guess. B: While there are increasing number of women playing computer games, we are still minorities. I think that is why male users think women just can’t play games as well as themselves. A: I agree, and I think I have to reflect on that too. Even as a woman myself, when I hear that another woman user is in a higher tier, I think ‘wow she is good although she is a woman’. I don’t think I would think the same if a male user is in a higher tier. B said anonymity makes the situation worse. Chairperson: What could be the demerits woman users have to suffer because of such discrimination? A: Participating in a voice talk is very important to win the game as it is a team-based shooting game. While better communication with other members is crucial, it is sad that a lot of woman users cannot do it as often because they are intimidated by male users. D: I agree, the fact that woman users just cannot enjoy the game like other male users is unfair. B: Just like any other users, I think I can be good in some games and not in other matches. Even if I played well in a one match, I have to hear ‘Oh you are good for a woman, which just makes me feel upset. D said that it is unfortunate to equal rights of women cannot be protected, even in a game environment. Chairperson: Thank you all for your frank and honest opinions. For the last question, what do you guys think is the possible solution for the issue? A: I think there should be a policy inside a game where users can report on others who talks hate speech inside a game. C: I agree, there are already other categories like ‘Trolling, bullying, and harassing’. Specific categories for reporting ‘This user disrespected another user because she is a woman’ should be installed inside a game. B: Yes I think that is totally necessary and I hope more female progamers would appear to reduce misconception that a man somewhat has better genetic for games than a woman. Yun Ji-hyun uni27@hanyang.ac.kr Photos courtesy of Yun Ji-hyun and Choo Hwa-jeong Designed by Kim Hye-im

2017-06 19

[Special]Korean Superstitions about Dreams

Dream interpreting existed in various civilizations, especially in the ancient times and the Eastern part of the world. Korea is not an exception to the culture of dream interpreting. Many modern Koreans think that dreams may denote certain meanings related to one’s fortune. As a result, specific details about the meanings of diverse dreams exist in Korea. Auspicious dreams and ominous dreams Dreams are generally distinguished as lucky or unlucky according to its content and prominent symbols related to it. Dreams without any notable symbols are considered to have no significant meaning and can be ignored. Due to the importance of the presence and meanings of the symbols, sometimes even nightmares may be a dream with good meaning. Even though a good or bad figure appears, what happens to it in the dream is most important when interpreting the dream. For example, if something bad happens to a good symbol, or vice versa, the meaning of the dream changes. In cases where others want to buy one’s dreams, selling the dream is possible with the exchange of money or valuable items. Generally, dreams about dragons are considered the best of dreams as they are thought to bring huge success and fortune. There is an old belief that dragons are imaginary but auspicious animals. Dreams about pigs are also the lucky kind that may foretell the procurement of money. This is because ‘don’, the pronunciation of Chinese character for ‘pig’, is similar with that of ‘money’. Strangely, a death of a family member in a dream denotes that that certain individual would live long. Additionally, dreams about one’s ancestors reappearing means good luck. Beautiful natural elements such as a rainbow, stars, and flowers are thought to bring luck as well. Pig dreams are thought to bring large sums of money. (Photo courtesy of lomangce.tistory.com/77) Conversely, dreams about losing a tooth is a bad omen because they signify that something bad will happen to one’s intimate friends or family. Many dreams regarding babies, such as hugging them, are strangely unlucky. They mean that some agony or worry will trouble the dreamer, and one’s honor and fortune will also collapse. Losing one’s shoes is also one of the bad dreams that is thought to deprive one of of his or her job or friends. In addition, being chased by someone means that one is feeling nervous or isolated, and may experience failure. Taemong, or dreams before a birth of a baby Most Koreans have vivid dreams before conceiving a child, which are called taemong. The dreamer is not limited to the baby’s mother but includes its father, other family members, or even friends. Different symbols in the dream tell whether the baby is a boy or a girl. For example, some taemong that symbolize the birth of a boy are the sun, a big fish, a serpent, and red pepper. On the other hand, a half moon, a small snake, and flowers are a few of the elements of a girl’s taemong. Korean mothers are very interested in taemong, because they may fortell whether the baby is boy or a girl and also its future. (Photo courtesy of blog.naver.com/ynp0052/140172062101) There are various stories of special taemong that were dreamt for the birth of famous people in Korean history. An enormous bull with a fiery red sun perched between its two horns, riding a cloud in the mountains appeared in the taemong of King Sejong, who created hangul with his men in the Joseon Dynasty. As the bull tripped and the sun tumbled down, a boy dressed in red jumped in and swallowed the sun. The taemong of the former president Kim Dae-jung who won a Nobel Peace Prize in the year 2000 showed the gods from the heavens. Also, a dragon and a snake twisted together and rising to the heavens is the taemong of Park Ji-sung, a legendary soccer player. Although Koreans enjoy the idea that dreams may foretell the future, or possess a special kind of meaning, most people today do not seriously believe in dream interpreting. However, some people tend to take precautions when they have had bad dreams, and decide to buy a lottery ticket after having good dreams. Jang Soo-hyun luxkari@hanyang.ac.kr

2017-05 22

[Special]Confusing Korean Words (1)

In every country, there are some confusing pairs of words with analogous pronunciations and meanings, even though the words are clearly different. The Korean language is not an exception, and there are quite a few pairs of words that even Koreans sometimes get mixed up. This week’s article in News H is to help foreign learners of Korean to be aware of the differences of those words, and use them properly in correct situations. Words that have either similar meanings or sounds Natda (낫다, 낮다) Nata (낳다) are three separate words that sound almost the same but have anything to do with each other. 낫다 is used in situations where somebody recovers from an illness or pain, or when something is superior than the other. 낮다, on the other hand, simply means ‘low’. 낳다 means to ‘give birth’ or ‘bring about a certain result’. Deokbun(덕분), ttaemun (때문), and tat (탓) are words that have similar meanings but used in different contexts. If a certain outcome occurs because of some matter, 때문 is used. However, 덕분 can be used if, and only if, a positive result occurs due to a certain cause. On the contrary, 탓 only works with causes that trigger undesirable situations. The three words come right after the cause, and the result follows after these words. Although ttaemun (때문) can be used in all cause-and-effect situations, it is generally used negatively. The calligraphy above means "Lead your life thinking that a result happened 'thanks to' a cause rather than 'because of' the cause." (Photo courtesy of http://blog.naver.com/yong1004kr/220883042877) Dareuda (다르다) and teullida (틀리다) are misused very often even by Koreans, most notable by senior citizens. The former means ‘two things that are being compared are different’ or ‘something stands out more than others’. The latter means ‘something, such as a fact or an answer to a question, is wrong’ or ‘to be hopeless’. Due to the fact that many people get mixed up with the two words, there is a well-known expression, “다른거지 틀린게 아니다” which means ‘something is different, not wrong’. Words with both similar sounds and meanings Gareuchida (가르치다) and garikida (가리키다) are commonly confused Korean words not only because of their smiliar pronunciations but their due to their definitions as well. 가르치다 means 'to teach somebody a skill or a knowledge' and 가리키다 means 'to point at somebody or something'. The reason for the confusion comes from the idea that the definitions of both words are related, in the way that teaching and pointing are actions that are both directing something. The mistake of misusing machida (맞히다) and matchuda (맞추다) is frequent due to their complicated usages and similar pronunciations. In cases where an answer to a question is correct, 맞히다 is used. When comparing something with another, 맞추다 is used. Therefore, 맞추다 is used when comparing an examination paper with a separate answer sheet. Another definition of 맞히다 and 맞추다 is ‘to aim or hit’ and ‘to set, adjust, or assemble’, respectively. Thus, when a person tries to hit a bird with a bow, 맞히다 is used. In addition, when a person gets his suit made, 맞추다 is used. Itda (잊다) and ilta (잃다) are words that have analogous sounds and definitions, such as in the case of 맞히다 and 맞추다 mentioned above. The former means ‘to forget’, and the latter means ‘to lose’. People get mixed up because the two words means to lose something. In the case of 잊어버리다, it means to lose what one had remembered. Itda (잊다) and ilta (잃다) is one example of various confusing Korean word pairs. To find out more about the Korean language, click here to visit the National Institute of Korean Language website. (Photo courtesy of Daehak Naeil) Familiarizing yourself with the aforementioned words would help greatly, especially when writing in Korean. To be a knowledgeable user of the Korean language, it is a necessity to be mindful of these words instead of continually misusing them. To find more confusing words or commonly misspelled or misused words, visit the website of theNational Institute of Korean Language, an institute that researches and organizes the rules of the Korean language, including its confusing vocabulary. Jang Soo-hyun luxkari@hanyang.ac.kr

2017-05 01

[Special]All About Balling (1)

After having searched for some of the most popular sports around the world, the rankings differ from each media but one thing for sure is that basketball is definitely one of the most beloved sports for sure. I myself also love basketball so much that I play it at least once a week. This editorial would be focusing on some of the differences in regulations and rules of NBA (National Basketball Association) and KBL (Korean Basketball League) and highlight some of the top players in each league. Updates on the playoffs information would also be provided. Rules & regulations Pointing out the rules of basketball from A to Z would be a whole list of boredom. Instead, some of the key differences in regulations that exist between NBA and KBL would be pointed out. First off, there is the differences in the game time between the two leagues. Although both leagues have 4 quarters in a game, NBA has 12 minutes in every quarter while KBL is only 10 minutes per quarter adding up to 48 minutes and 40 minutes of game time respectively. Although KBL has once decided to extend the time into 12 minutes in 2014-15 season, there has been an outcry of opposition among fans and players which made it postpone its decision. Some of the main reason for this was health conditions of players, and with less energy, the game would definitely become loose losing more fans. 2017 Hall of Famer Tracy McGrady (left) and his team mate Yao Ming (right) (Photo courtesy of clutchpoints.com) Some of the most fascinating plays could be the dunks that players slam down into the hoop but nowadays, 3 pointers are being widely loved in the NBA as we could see in the case of Stephen Curry. There was the famous “T-Mac Time” as a lot of NBA fans remember it. It was when Tracy McGrady has scored 13 points in the final 33 seconds against San Antonio Spurs with 3 pointers. NBA has the 3-point line drawn in a 7.24m distance while KBL is 6.75m. 3 pointer regulation have been brought into the NBA in 1979 for a more advantageous play by players with shorter heights. As for the foul-outs, NBA regulates 6 fouls to be fouled out while KBL only allows 5. Technical fouls, which are given with more aggressive and ill-mannered plays, are given twice before a player is ejected from the game which is the same for the both leagues. This could be one reason why KBL basketball players may seem to play with more cautiousness while defending an opponent. Playoff ladder These are the playoff ladders from each league. There are 30 teams in the NBA all separated in either East Conference or the West Conference and it is categorized into smaller divisions - Northwest, Pacific, Southwest, Atlantic, Central, Southeast. KBL does not categorize the teams into divisions since it is a much smaller league compared to the NBA. Current status on NBA playoffs. (Photo courtesy of NBA) KBL consists of 10 teams and 6 teams compete in the playoffs while NBA has 16 teams competing. In the case of NBA, top 8 teams from regular season in each division are selected for the playoffs which makes it sometimes unfair for some of the teams. This is because the 9th team from a particular division may have more wins than some of the teams competing in the playoffs from an opposite division. Although there are some on going arguments on the level differences of East and West divisions, it seems that NBA would keep this system for now. Current status on KBL playoffs. (Photo courtesy of KBL) As of today, NBA’s most of the conference semi-final teams have been decided with only one spot left to go. Being tied at 3-3, Los Angeles Clippers and Utah Jazz would compete for the last remaining spot. Key players It’s not just something about the NBA, but there are so many types of records they keep on players. One of the MVP candidates that we need to eye on this season from the NBA is Russell Westbrook. He has set up some magnificent numbers on the board with a season triple-double (averaging more than 2-digit numbers in scores, assists, rebounds) although Oklahoma Thunder was unable to enter the conference semi-finals. Russell Westbrook's 2016-17 seasonal statistics. (Photo courtesy of NBA) As for KBL, although they keep a separate record from foreign players to domestic players, it seems that Andre Emmett is showing a high performance ranking the 1st in scoring, field goals made, and free throws made. Andre Emmett's profile (Photo courtesy of KBL) After taking a look at some of the differences in the NBA and KBL, it seems that although there have been some minor distinctions between the two leagues, they exist to make the games more exciting to watch. Enjoy the warm weather and breeze and play some basketball games outside as the exam period is over and keep an eye out for who would be the champions of both leagues. Kim Seung-jun nzdave94@hanyang.ac.kr