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2018-01 28

[Special][Op-ed] Invisible and Silent, Yet Deadly

What are some of the best-selling items these days? Sanitary masks are, indeed, one of the most compelling products. There has been a 380 percent increase in nasal sanitizer product sales, with a 213 percent rise in sanitary mask sales. What is the cause of this phenomenon? The severity of the fine dust in the air seems to be the catalyst of the sales boom. With the emission of toxicant chemicals from automobiles and industrial sites being the main culprit of the fine dust pollution crisis, Korean is going through a major pollution issue and is on its way to address that problem. What’s all the fuss about? Recently, emergency text messages informing citizens that the fine dust level is particularly bad that day are sent directly from the government, not to mention the myriad of people that can be seen wearing sanitary masks outdoors. This means the situation is really getting serious now, unquestionably demanding some counteractions to be taken. Korea has the highest density of fine dust concentration among the member countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), recording 32 micrograms of fine dust per cubic meter, while Iceland is on record for being the least polluted country, showing 2.9 micrograms of fine dust per cubic meter. The size of fine dust is about seven times smaller than the width of an average person’s hair, which can freely and effortlessly enter human bodies through the nasal cavity or through the skin, reaching deep inside and inducing various health issues such as dementia, stroke, dysrhythmia, angiosis, hair loss, nasal inflammation and much more. The biggest problem with the fine dust is that the particles are so small that they are unfilterable, meaning they can get to any part of the body and cause a wide variety of diseases. Fine dust is seven times smaller than a strand of hair. Among the developed nations in the OECD, South Korea has the worst air pollution. (Photo courtesy of npr.org) It is not the thought that counts, it is the action It is not hard to figure out that there is no quick-fix solution for Korea’s situation now. In response to the deteriorating issue, the Korean Ministry took action: since the harmful emission from automobiles is a great contributor to the overall situation, the government hoped to entice people to take public transportation by making it free of charge for one day. Though it sounds reasonable, this approach received considerable criticism for several reasons. First of all, this solution is only temporary, yet very costly. Moreover, voices were heard that the money should rather have been invested in developing technologies to converting current automobiles into electronic or other non-harmful types or in developing technologies to absorb or cleanse the polluted air. This approach was one of the four emergency actions established by the government, which are to be taken as the situation gets irrevocably worse. The other actions include an odd-even license plate policy (cars with license plates that end in an odd number can only be driven on an odd number date and vice versa), the reduction of factory operation hours, and the closing of parking lots. All these approaches evidently aim to reduce the toxic emissions from automobiles but do not aim to provide an alternative direction to remove the root of the problem. Citizens express great dissatisfaction about the actions the government has taken, voicing that they are only temporarily or partially resolving the trouble. However, to remove the root cause of the whole situation would cost a lot of money and if the government raises the tax rate to do so, people will surely show hostility as well. In an individualistic society, such as the one we live in today, people would care more about their own future than their country’s. In such a case, how can the government afford to meet both the requirements of the people and this monstrous disaster? Being aware that the silent monster is growing more and more powerful everyday, both the government and citizens are nervous. What we need in this situation is not arguments and criticisms but cooperation. The current situation necessitates a multilateral approach since its scale has exceeded the moderate level. More than one solution should be carried out by more than one group of people. An unilateral solution cannot effectively address such problem, meaning the government alone cannot single-handedly resolve the tragedy. There must be a cooperation between the government and the people, at the level of both individuals and corporations. The government should provide the least burdensome and the most effective solution and the citizens should cooperate in order to maximize the effect and to defeat the common enemy. Fine dust overwhelmingly covers the city. (Photo courtesy of DBpia Report for Research) Jeon Chae-yun chaeyun111@haynayg.ac.kr

2018-01 23

[Special][Op-Ed] Is Banning the Early Education Really Necessary?

Korea is known to have excessive enthusiasm towards education, and one of the very first private forms of education children receive is English. Nevertheless, the Korean government, alongside with the Ministry of Education is working hard to ban early education, which usually refers to private education for children under 8, which is when elementary school begins. As part of the effort, the Ministry of Education announced in December 2017 that they will ban after-school English classes for pre-schoolers starting March 2018. This ignited the already existing conflict of interests between the parents wanting to teach English to their child as early and as fast as possible, and the government trying to restrict such actions and protect young children’s rights. It is somewhat a norm for pre-school children to learn English. There are even English kindergartens where they intensively use English throughout the day. To provide some background information, children aging from five, or sometimes as young as two to three, go to either pre-school (what is known as yoo-chi-won in Korean) or a daycare center (which is known as uh-lin-eeh-jib in Korean). It might sound similar, but they are established under different laws and operate under different ministries. The former has its foundation under the Early Childhood Education Act, and the Ministry of Education supervises and manages 9,029 pre-schools all over the nation. On the other hand, the daycare centers are founded and are operating based on the Infant Care Act, and managed by Ministry of Health and Welfare. But the Lee Myung-bak administration contrived the Noori Curriculum (the name itself was created during the former Park Geun-hye administration) through the amendment of Enforcement Decree of the Infant Care Act, article 23 to take a step forward towards free education for children from three to five. This is how the Ministry of Education can prohibit after-school English education in the curriculums of both pre-school and daycare centers. This annunciation, as anyone can easily expect, triggered a heated debate within the nation. Many parents are against the policy and show concern on the balloon effect, which refers to a situation where the phenomena moves into another area of less resistance rather than disappearing, like when a latex balloon is squeezed: The air is moved but does not disappear. They voice out that early English education is not an option anymore, so banning it in the pre-schools and daycare centers would simply herd the children to private institutions, which are more expensive and, therefore, put more burden on families. They also argue that early education is the key to language education and that most of the after school classes for English are taught through playing, such as singing or gaming. Some even mention that the Ministry of Education has to also take back the resembling restriction for the first and second-grade elementary school students. Although they did take a step back, the government seems to remain obstinate in their position regarding early education. Announcing for the entire reexamination of the policy on the 16th of January, the Ministry of Education made it clear that there still is no change in their principle that early education should be restricted. Their argument is mainly based on recent findings in neuroscience that early education, in fact, does not help the infants or young children to learn a second language. Numerous studies, namely from the Korean Institute of Child Care and Education, have shown that children, equally at best, absorb less of a new language. Therefore, the government seems to consider after-school education as a physical and psychological burden for young minds and should be restricted by law. Korea is one of the top countries with the most private education per person. However, as an individual who speaks English through early education and without a single month abroad, I think it is a matter of ‘how’ pre-schools deliver the education than ‘if’ they should. One of the main reasons why the Ministry of Education took a step back, in this case, was because people pointed out that the way the education carried out in the field is not child-abusive as they think it is. Many children are actually having fun learning a new language in an entertaining way, and it is vastly beneficial for their future being able to speak English fluently, especially considering the quality of English education in the current school curriculum. The way they are being taught right now, the children will be ‘acquiring’ English rather than ‘learning’ it. Without significant innovation of the current school curriculum to be actually effective, banning pre-school extracurricular activity seems like a tape to a dam crack. If they truly wish to tackle the widespread enthusiasm for early education, the government should first explain thoroughly and persuade the people, strengthen public education, and then ban both public and private early education. Wishing parents to suddenly stop being thirsty for more education like a child waiting for Santa Claus does not solve the root issue. Kim So-yun dash070@naver.com

2018-01 15

[Special]Say Hello to 2018, the Year of Golden Dogs!

Another year has come to an end, and now we have started a new year with golden dogs. 2018, also known as ‘mu-sul’ year according to the Chinese zodiac, stands for the year of golden dogs. ‘Mu(戊)’, stands for a big soil mountain, which represents the color yellow and gold. ‘Sul(戌)’ represents the 11th animal of the Chinese Zodiac, a dog, which represents the image of activeness. This year, therefore, prays for an affluent, enthusiastic year for all citizens. The main character of this year, dogs, had close relationships with human beings throughout the changes in generations. 2018 is the year of golden dogs. (Photo courtesy of Woman Travellers) Dogs in the past Dogs are known to be one of the first domestic animals people have raised. They are known as creatures evolved from wolves, as wolves were tamed by human beings who hunted and collected plants. The history of man and dog started since then by mutually helping each other. Dogs were able to maintain their lives through the food people gave, and protected people and their houses from possible danger. Korea’s native dog, the Jindo dog has a strong homing instinct and intrepidity. They have an upright characteristic, never betraying the family members that looked after them. Sapsal dog, a dog fully covered with long fur, has an old saying ‘A ghost cannot even consider approaching near a Sapsal dog’, due to their ascetic-like-appearance. The Pungsan dog has been favored as a hunting dog, due to their outstanding reactiveness and endurance. They are known to be courageous and bold that there used to be a saying you can catch a tiger with two Pungsan dogs. Sapsal dogs have their unique characteristics of long furs covering their bodies. (Photo courtesy of Chosun News) However, at the same time, a lot of the dogs were utilized as a ‘health food’ in Korea. As a lot of Koreans lacked protein in their daily food, ‘dogs’ were one of their few options. Since pigs or cows were two expensive to consume as a food, most of the dogs except for the ones used for hunting were set on the table. In a record of <Dongguksesigi> containing the customs of Joseon dynasty, a written record is left that a lot of citizens ate dog-soups in Boknal (Click HERE for more information). Moreover, there is a record dog meat was placed on a royal family’s feast during the regime of King Jeong-jo. Dogs in the current society Nowadays, dogs are more familiarly called as ‘Ballyeogyeon’; ‘Ballyeo’ standing for a companion, and ‘gyeon’ standing for a dog. The awareness of dogs as a friend and a member of family is becoming higher as time passes, and now we are living in a country of 10 million pet population. Dogs have the closest relationships with human beings and are called symbols of loyalty. There are increasing research results that pets give positive influences to the health of those raising them. There are however downsides to this rapidly increasing number of pets in Korea. Sixty thousand dogs are abandoned every year in Korea, solely counting the numbers figured by animal shelters. Proper responsibility of the owners and the support of the government seems to be required. 2017 was a year dog phobia (Click HERE for more information) being a big issue, due to the lack of awareness of petiquettes. More attention should be required for the welfare of dogs. (Photo courtesy of Dream Dictionary) The increase of people embracing dogs as their family members has both its ups and downs. A brand new market has been created due to pet owners trying to provide better lifestyles for their pets. Dogs are now filling the empty spaces of people’s emotions with their unique sensation. Then or now, there is no doubt dogs are man’s best friend. On Jung-yun jessica0818@hanyang.ac.kr

2018-01 09

[Special]The Ultimate Winter Stage

It has begun. The inspirational slogans and advertisements from the Olympic Winter Games in PyeongChang 2018 can now be seen nearly everywhere in Korea: from television commercials to advertisements all over public transportation. With just 17 days before the initiation of the event, Korea is gradually getting into the mood for the symbolic international celebration, which revolves around the values of respect, excellence, and friendship. The Olympics also has a special meaning for Korea, as the last Olympics, held 30 years ago in 1988, succeeded in creating an economic platform on which Korea could achieve unprecedented domestic and international growth. As such, the PyeongChang Olympics had been a national victory since its announcement, and the entire country holds a sense of hope and expectation for the success of the event. The entire nation shook in joy when PyeongChang was selected to host the 2018 Winter Olympics (Photo Courtesy of Zimbio) PyeongChang 2018: a timeline July 2, 2003 – The PyeongChang Olympics came to being after three attempts. The first attempt was made in July 2nd, 2003 at the International Olympics Committee (IOC) in Prague, Czech Republic. Despite winning the most votes in the first round of voting, PyeongChang lost to Vancouver by a shortage of 3 ballots in the final round. July 5, 2007 – The second unsuccessful trial for the PyeongChang Olympic took place four years later in the next IOC session, held in Guatemala City, the Republic of Guatemala. However, Korea was handed a similar defeat as in the previous session, leading with the highest number of votes from the first round of votes and losing in the final round. 4 votes determined the outcome, designating Sochi, Russia, as the next country to hold the Winter Olympics. June 22, 2010 – Along with Munich, Germany, and Annecy, France, PyeongChang was designated as a shortlist candidate by the IOC, bidding to become a hosting city for the 2018 Winter Olympics. July 6, 2011 – Finally, in the 123rd IOC session held in Durban, South Africa, PyeongChang was elected to become the host city for the 2018 Olympic Winter Games. Winning an overwhelming majority of 63 votes out of 95, the announcement of its victory brought about a burst of joy throughout the nation. October 19, 2011 – The PyeongChang Organizing Committee for the 2018 Olympic and the Paralympic Winter Games were founded, and preparations for the event officially went underway. February 9-25, 2018 – The Olympic Winter Games of PyeongChang 2018 will begin with the opening ceremonies held in Pyeong chang, located in the Gang won Province of the Republic of Korea. The majority of the snow sports will also be conducted in this city, as well as the closing ceremony. Meanwhile, alpine speed events will be held in Jeong seon, and all ice sports will be held in the city of Gang neung, both located in the same province as Pyeong chang. The symbol “ㅍ” is taken from the first consonant of the word Pyeong chang in Hangeul, the Korean alphabet, and represents a harmonious abstraction of the Earth, Heaven, and Man. “ㅊ” is the first consonant of the second syllable of Pyeong chang, representing snow, ice, and the winter athletes. (Photo Courtesy of PyeongChang 2018) The slogan for the PyeongChang Olympics is “Passion. Connected.” As two symbolic words that represent the value of the event, the slogan is an abstraction of the message that everyone is connected through passion. It aims to emphasize the interconnectedness that each individual shares through their enthusiasm for winter sports, regardless of the discipline, age, and the manner in which they take part in the festivity. Tips for spectators For people interested in observing the games in real life, the experience begins with the purchase of the ticket, available on the official website of the PyeongChang Olympics 2018. Note that individual transportation will not be granted access into the venue sites of the games, and visitors will have to take a free shuttle bus from the four designated Park & Ride sites, only available for ticket holders. Another huge factor for visitors will be accommodations, and luckily there is a spectator guide provided by the official website that provides a detailed explanation of nearby cities where accommodations can be found. Not only is there a chart that indicates how far each location is from each venue in Pyeong chang, Gang neung, and Jeong seon, it also provides a link that specifies accommodation options available in each of these regions and their ratings. Furthermore, there is an additional reference through which visitors can access information regarding tourism in the area such as Temple Stay and Hanok (traditional Korean houses) Stay. A closely detailed spectator guide is provided on the offical website of PyeongChang Olympics 2018. (Photo Courtesy of PyeongChang 2018) Lee Changhyun pizz1125@hanyang.ac.kr

2018-01 01

[Special][Saranghandae] Global Stories of Hanyang University

Recently, Hanyang University is ranked 23rd place in Normalized Lens influence metric of Nature Index 2017 Innovation by Nature Publishing Group. This achievement is noteworthy in that Normalized Lens influence metric indicates that there is high connection between Hanyang’s high-quality research and the commercialization of new products and services. In other words, the higher the score, the more the paper is reflected in new technology development. Hanyang University not only takes an honor to be ranked 1st in nation, but also proves the world the pursuit of our founding principle ‘Application of Knowledge’. In 1970s, baby boomers in Korea went to overseas to financially support their families. The most widely known example is that they got jobs at mines and hospitals in Germany. This was the only international ties Korea has made with other countries at that moment. However, after Korea made economic growth, the way of interchange has changed. Human resources, the biggest power of development in the past, paved the new road for global interaction. So HYU’s scholarly recognition from different countries shows global aspect of both school itself and a nation. More and more international students from diverse countries choose to study at HYU and make their own global paths in Korea. Three international students of Hanyang University will share their stories. Be Special and Memorable “I liked that Hanyang University showed clear guidance for the application process and what students will learn at school.” said Julia Anna Nathalia Bärlund(Business Administration 16). Julia is from Finland, majoring in Business Administration in HYU and it is the second year now. Actually, this is not the first time for her to study in Korea. She went to Korean high school for one year as an exchange student in 2012 and that was when she learned her Korean language and culture. So during an interview for Hanyang International Scholarship Program (HISP) where she got the full scholarship, she could speak in Korean. She expressed her enthusiasm about her life in HYU saying, “I am part of Global Saranghandae and I am doing a project with other students to make a volunteer program in the Philippines this February.” “I am glad that there are programs that global students can take part in and hope to see more coming because 17% of HYU students are international students as far as I know,” added she. Sometimes she feels stressed with exams and the curved grading system, the one she can’t find in Finland, she is concentrating what she wants to do in the future. Julia is interested in environmental issues and thinking of being a social entrepreneur. “I got great ideas from a class about the new business environment. Every week, a different speaker form organizations or companies came and told his or her life story mostly about how he or she ended up doing the current job,” she said. She does not set her goals too specifically yet to leave the chances wide. She explained, “I even consider to become a diplomat. I am not sure what I will choose in the end but I am going to do what I want to do and make a living at the same time no matter what career path I choose.” Also, she observes the small difference in Korean society that more and more people care about their own unique life stories. Julia said, “It is very slowly and gradually changing but still it is a positive one. I think Koreans do know how to be up for themselves.” “However, I think a willingness to understand others is a key to being open. Understanding others’ opinions is more important than just having the same opinion,” she added. News Doors Open Ewout Pieter Emile de Vos(International Studies 15) is from the Netherlands and studying international relations in Department of International Studies. “As my mother was born in Korea, I wanted to know more about my Korean side. I have been really enjoying my life here and creating new opportunities,” said Emile. “When I sent an e-mail to Hanyang University, HYU was very responsive and friendly from the start. So I got a good feeling and I got accepted luckily and I am here now,” he added. Also, Emile got a full scholarship through HISP. He has had various work experience since he got into HYU in 2015. He worked in Hanyang’s Office of International Affairs and startup company and is currently doing his internship as a consultant. “If you are willing to adapt and learn, you can take a lot of opportunities. I met nice people and talking about my experience, the first impression I had towards other people was always wrong. So I think it is really important to be open-minded and have many conversations to know someone better,” said he. This is why he put emphasis on diverse discussions saying, “From an international student’s point of view, Korean students tend to form a lot of circles or friend groups and slightly feel afraid to stand out from the crowd.” He went on, “However a different individual has different qualities, so exploring yourself and focusing on what you are good at is getting really important these days.” To him being global means that people are gathering together in a harmonious way. Emile sees himself working in the consulting field after graduation because the work is suitable for him. Plus, managing a number of people and human relations is what he likes about the work. Then after five years, he hopes to do something else on his own regardless of the workplace. During his stay in Korea, however, he is going to make the most of his time. “I am used to balance my work and life since I am from the Netherlands and I try to fully spend my free time doing what I like to do. Korea is a beautiful country to go hiking and see landscapes. I can say Je-ju Island is my favorite place in Korea,” he said. Work Hard, Communicate Harder “You can call me Nina!” Nor Amanina Binti Ruslan(Industrial Engineering 15), a junior majoring in Industrial Engineering, said brightly. Nina is from Malaysia and her future goal is to become a businesswoman related to both Malaysia and Korea. Being asked why she chose Industrial Engineering as her major in HYU, she said “It is often said that engineers can do business but businessman cannot do engineering. I want to be a businesswoman who can do both so I am studying to have an insight on handling the system.” The economic and cultural growth of Korea inspired Nina with her goals. She expressed her surprise with the technology and well-organized system of Korea. “I am amazed that Korea became globally renowned country despite the geographical difficulties and lack of natural resources. Koreans are really hard-working people,” she said. She is a workaholic who feels more energetic and motivated when she is keeping herself busy. She has done a number of extracurricular activities that are directly related to communication such as Global Saranghandae, Shinhan bank ambassador, Malaysian Student Dance Crew, Malaysian Student Organization in Korea. Also, Nina could get a scholarship from Global Saranghandae and the scholarship offed by HYU for international students who get a high score from TOPIK, Test of proficiency in Korea. She said, “Studying at HYU is academically tense but I like to challenge myself and get a new experience. Going to the interviews and meeting new people taught me how to be independent.” She plans to work in Korea first and start her own business back in Malaysia. Nina sees a lot of potential in trade between Malaysia and Korea. As she set her main focus on business, she is printing some ideas on minds regarding trade plus service, specifically online service. She explained by saying, “In Malaysia, people do not really trust online service so it is not widely used yet. I want to build a platform that consumers can use without worries. Also, Malaysia is abundant with natural resources and Malaysian people love Korean products. I think I can find a network and make it productive.” Finally, Nina emphasized the importance of opening up one’s mind so that his or her capabilities can be newly found and used. “I think it is no harm to be more open-minded and speak out more. It takes courage but communicating with other people gives new thoughts and opens up new chances sometimes.” By Choi Mi-rae (Student Reporter) global@hanyang.ac.kr

2018-01 01

[Special]Hampyeong Seawater Spa and Fatigue Therapy

It is the beginning of the new year, which means it is time to make the new year’s resolution and put them into action. For a lot of people, it usually includes fixing bad habits, making better plans, and making oneself a better person than the previous year. But what about the fatigue from last year? To start the new year fresh and light, the accumulation of last year’s weariness on the shoulders must be removed first. To do so, the spa is always a good option. In Hampyeong, Jeollanam-do Province, the traditional seawater spa could make the physical fatigue evaporate along with the hot steam of the sauna. Let’s greet the new year with a relieved, rejuvenated body. The secret to becoming younger Changing into the spa attire and entering the spa house, an individual can see rows of doors of small spa rooms. Each room has a wooden rectangular bath in the middle, the size of which is perfect for three to four people to fit in. Entering the room and sitting around the bath at the center, an epiploon with foremost mugwort inside floats on the water which creates the fresh scent in the room. A moment later, the door opens and a man walks in with a shovel full of red stones saying, “it’s very hot, please be careful.” Pouring the stones into the bath, the room fills full of clouds of steam coming from the hot water. An important note is that the bath is not to be entered, as the stones in it are heated to 1300 degrees Celsius, which makes the water steaming hot. The combination of natural seawater and the broiling stones provides a miraculous remedy for fatigue. Each person is given a big and small towel, for the water is not to be directly touched; rather, the towels are to be dipped in the water and drawn out to press-squeeze the water with a round bucket, then placed over the shoulders and back for a relaxing foment effect. A beneficial tip is that wiping the face with the moderately-cooled towel will make the facial skin extremely soft and look rejuvenated because of the the foremost mugwort brewed in the natural seawater. The steamy towel soaked with natural cure for knotted muscles along with the skin care effect will refresh not only the body but also the emotion, as being in the steamy room will make sweat ooze out. The hunched back and shoulders from stress and coldness will naturally unfurl. Having the effect of both a massage and skin care, the seawater spa can kill two birds with one stone. The sulfuric stones are being heated in the fire. (Photo courtesy of Korea Tourism Organization) Stones heated to 1300 degrees Celsius are being put into the bath in the middle. (Photo courtesy of the Korea Tourism Organization) 200 years of tradition The seawater spa is a remedy which has its roots in the 19th century Joseon Dynasty era. It was a widely-used folk remedy for the well being of the body. It was recorded in the Sejong chronicles that stones with sulfuric components and some medical herbs brewed in hot seawater create a great effect for relieving neuralgia, postnatal care, arthritis, and dermatitis. Especially effective for those in their mid to late adulthood, the seawater spa has been the folk therapy for various defects. Currently located in Hampyeong in Jeollanam-do Province, the 200 years of tradition has been well preserved, and now it has become a popular cultural attraction among Koreans. The way of enjoying the spa today is the same as it had been 200 years ago; thus, visitors can experience the true tradition of the precursors. It is the new year’s winter, so why not brush off the stress and fatigue from the previous year and greet the new one with a fresh, light body and mind? After the water cools, the bath can be a foot bath and the water can be poured onto the body. (Photo courtesy of the Korea Tourism Organization) Jeon Chae-yun chaeyun111@hanyang.ac.kr

2017-12 27

[Special]Not Helpful, HELP

Finally, another semester has ended, and the grades are all out. For the second and third graders, A HELP score is also included in their GPA this semester. And as usual, HELP is once again at the center of confusion due to the massively miscalculated difficulty by many students. Let us look into issues related to HELP in detail. What is HELP? In order to better understand the controversies and issues, first, a reader must understand what HELP is at Hanyang University (HYU). The series, of course, was developed in 2007, in order to prepare Hanyangians to become leaders in society. Professor Song Young-su, chief officer of the Leadership Center mentioned: “The Leadership Center developed a textbook for leadership and tried to integrate such leadership processes into the culture of HYU” in the 171st issue of College Education. The HELP curriculum consists of four respective courses: HELP 1 through 4. Each course is mandated to the students in according to grade and included in the graduation requirement. Each course has its unique focal point and contents. For instance, HELP 1 is also known as ‘Value Leadership’. The course focuses on the values of Hanyang University, induce ‘Pride in Hanyang’, and the core value in the contemporary society and business. From the official description given by the school, it almost makes the curriculum look perfectly reasonable or even beneficial for Hanyang students. However, there is a wide disparity between the idea and the reality. Issue number one; HELP 4 (self-leadership) In May of 2016, two pictures that were irreverent to the lecture were shown in the ninth week of the HELP 4 lecture. The pictures were both implying that women are materialistic, which seemed to promote sexism, materialism, and lookism. The contents instantly provoked rage among Hanyangians and the General Student Council. Han-ma-di handled the issue in a quite satisfactory way. A screen capture from the 2016 HELP 4 lecture. The caption says 'steal the heart! provoke the desire! sell the dream!' (Photo courtesy of HYU Leadership Center) First, they openly required the school to instantly delete the problematic pictures and apologize with a promise that a similar incident would not happen to the students. The school did accordingly after six days, guaranteeing they would form a task force to review the whole contents and notify the student body about the revision made, if any. Second, Han-ma-di did a survey among 3443 Hanyangsians asking whether HELP should be canceled or excluded from the graduation requirement, of which 73.8% responded yes. Therefore, the General Student Council demanded the school to lift the requisite of the entire HELP curriculum. The school countermanded only the troubled course, HELP 4. Furthermore, they granted a full revision of the content along with the name of the subject starting in 2018. Although the due date has yet to come, it seems like the anti-discriminatory texts they have promised have not been realized up until today. Here are some statements provided during the lecture in lesson 13 of English HELP 2, fall semester, 2017. Before going to a meeting, check if your makeup is too thick. Do you have an extra pair of stockings? They should be in apricot or neutral color. Is your outfit or accessory too showy? The above-stated comments are bluntly discriminatory towards women, and it is a shame that in the year of 2017, Hanyang University is mandating such materials to all of the students. This was part of the guideline for final assignment of English HELP 2 this semester. Although the course is supposed to be entirely in English, some of the key information is delivered in Korean, and the website they used to explain it is also in Korean, with all the functions and buttons in Korean. Photo courtesy of Leadership Center Issue number 2, HELP in English HYU is proudly known as one of the most global schools in Korea, aiming to have 2500 full-time international students by 2020. There were 2247 international students in HYU counted until 2014, which is a substantial number. These students, because they are also full-time students like the domestic students, are also subject to the HELP requirement for graduation. Thus, they take the English version of HELP along with some domestic students who feel English is more comfortable or for some other reasons. Another problem lies in the translation of the course. Personally, I would consider it not to be done. Here are some example sentences taken from this year’s English HELP 2. I would like to mention that these are the exact words. When we usually look for a book regarding science, we only find a book written by the scientists, or a book by the philosopher of science who wrote about the scientific method, or a book written by the science historian writing about the history of science after thoroughly mastering the history of science, I shall say that his book generalized those three methods. Firstly when we think of science and technology, we don’t have any ideas about the background or any knowledge even though we are in a hurry to implement the technology such as TV media, internet, car, or trains we know the convenience. In fact, even when we drive a car, we don’t know well about the mechanism, so, like Korean, when they have to become familiar with machine civilization, people get confused, and people often face the various problems when using state-of-the-art science and technology especially when they are in pre-modern mental attitude, so in order to overcome those problems, we need to know how we get science and technology while relishing it. The translation that seems to have been done by Google rather than a person gives confusion to the course takers who cannot understand the Korean lectures given in the course. Considering that this is part of the essential courses and that they have to take a test with the materials, the situation is lamentable. As the promised deadline of the full improvement on the text is coming up, I look forward to the leap. Kim So-yun dash070@hanyang.ac.kr

2017-12 19

[Special]Concluding the end of 2017

With little over a week left in 2017, everyone is busy preparing to celebrate the passing of a year and the approach of a new one. Now that final exams are coming to an end, students of Hanyang are also joining in the fun, each preparing an end-of-the-year festivity of their own. Whether you are planning to go out drinking with your friends, spend time with your family, or stay home alone, here are some places worth sightseeing to help you get into the holiday spirit, and possibly make valuable memories with your loved ones. Seoul Christmas Festival (2017.12.09 – 2018.01.02) The first recommended location is the Seoul Christmas Festival. As suggested by its quite literal name, it is a festival for everyone, with no cost of admission. Beginning from the Gwanghwamun Metro Station, the festival stretches throughout the Cheonggye Stream, reaching to the streets of Jongno. The Cheonggye Stream itself is a popular visiting spot for many people, perfect for an afternoon walk for desk workers nearby or a date venue for couples. The stream path has become even more alluring, with spectacular lights and Christmas decorations adorned on the walls and even hanging in the air. Furthermore, there are numerous food vendors along the festival, selling snacks such as chicken skewers, tteok bokki and fish cake, roasted chestnuts, and warm beverages. For foreign students, Cheonggye Stream is a must-go location even if it isn’t for the festival; however, with the celebration going on, it is a wonderful opportunity to experience Christmas that captures the essence of Korean culture. For Koreans, Christmas is not as much a family-gathering occasion as it is in the West. Rather, it is usually spent with friends and lovers, enjoyed largely by the youth. Family gatherings revolve around the seasons of New Years, as marked in the lunar calendar, as well as Korean Thanksgiving, Chuseok. The festival is right around the corner of Gwanghwamun Metro Station exit 5, and many visitors can be expected to be seen despite the cold weather. The Cheonggye Stream is already a popular attraction for many people. Many people were visiting the festival despite the extremely cold weather. Deoksugung Outdoor Project: Light∙Sound∙Landscape (2017.09.01 – 2017.12.28) Here is another popular sight-seeing spot for many foreigners, as well as Koreans. The Deoksugung, or Deoksu Palace, has served as the royal palace of the King from the year of 1593. It was temporarily used as a detached palace in 1623, and later returned to its royal status with the rise of King Gojong from 1897 to 1907. One of the most attractive aspects of this site is its convenient location, located in the midst of the buildings around City Hall. Not only is it easy to reach, just in front of exit 2 of the City Hall Metro Station, it is intriguing to see a cultural monument surrounded by modern infrastructure. In the same sense as the Cheonggye Stream, it is a worthwhile place to visit on its own, as a cultural asset that well captures the heritage of our nation. However, the outdoor project, a collaboration with the National Museum of Contemporary Art and the Cultural Heritage Office of Deoksugung Palace, provides another good reason to stop by. To celebrate the 120th anniversary of Korea’s Independence, nine modern artists worked together to recreate the establishment of Korea’s independent government. By adapting modern technology related to lights, sound, and even virtual reality, the project offers an extraordinary experience. As the project is planned to end on the 28th of December, those who wish to visit may need to hurry. The Deoksugung Palace has a large number of foreign visitors as well as Koreans. Inside the antique buildings are modern, flashing lights. One of the art installations, Dream in a Dream, is in the form of virtual reality. Shinchon Christmas Street Festival (2017.12.23 – 2017.12.25) Situated near three major universities, Shinchon is a restless area with numerous students, workers, and shoppers bustling throughout the streets. Street performances, such as busking, magic shows, and dance performances can be seen on a daily basis. The streets of Shinchon also cater to a number of festivals, such as the Water Gun Festival in the summers, or the Handmade Beer Festival held this autumn. Due to the location's popularity and great exposure, festivals held there are usually a big success. The Shinchon Christmas Street Festival is no exception. Held every year, the streets are decorated with huge Christmas trees and spectacular light ornaments. Furthermore, there are carolers in the streets, which is not a common tradition enjoyed by Koreans on Christmas. Although the exact decorations and activities for this year have yet to be revealed, those seeking a Christmas experience shared by university students should definitely make a visit. Christmas time and New Year may bring about homesickness for many foreign students. For Korean students, it is a time to look back and make closure with the past year and make plans for the coming year. Wherever your minds are at in this season of celebration, reflection, and anticipation, here are some places to visit to make new memories with the few remaining days of 2017. Lee Chang-hyun pizz1125@hanyang.ac.kr Photos by Lee Chang-hyun

2017-12 11

[Special]Alert on the College Online Community (3)

Every South Korean university has an online student community to share and exchange their experiences, knowledge, and thoughts. All students and graduates have access to the community and most of the contents are published anonymously. However, a series of recent cybercrimes and unconditional, denigrating remarks online are letting down individuals with suspicion of university students’ awareness of their civil responsibility and cyber manners. It is time that administrators from all communities take appropriate actions to halt such social wickedness. Social harm is not a matter of freedom anymore There are two representative online associations in the college society: mobile application called “Everytime” and the individual autonomous student-led university community. For example, Hanyang University’s online student community is called “Weehan.” Both systems consist of online bulletin boards for opinion and experience share, helpful reference and resources for lectures and exams along with general lifestyle boards with secondhand market, room rent, and more. The composition that we have to focus on is the bulletin boards where students are allowed to share their thoughts on any social and political issues. Weehan (top) and Everytime (bottom) are two popular online community of Hanyang University students. (Photo courtesy of Weehan and Everytime) Boards of gerneral organizations are operated based on anonymity. However, the problem arises from unconditional assaults and reproach of a community’s certain people or groups. Behind the mask, some people gain confidence to directly blast at certain specific individuals. If they were to condemn political or social issues arising in the country, world, or even school, the criticism should derive from logical and rational reasons. However, there have been increasing numbers of posts and comments on the online communities that are uncouth and close to being crimes--including sexual assaults and regionalism. South Korea has experienced a rapid economic development in the last 60 years after the truce of the Korean War. Unfortunately, the social development and sense of obligation to keep civic responsibility did not increase as a parallel to the economic development. Gender equality, feminism, regionalism, and academic factionalism became sensitive topics to discuss due to the illogical segmentation between students who are extremely inclined to certain political or social opinions. Thus, the online community where students used to share their knowledge, give helping hands to each other by exchanging academic resources or lifestyle tips became a site of war where students indiscreetly assault each other, which rarely happens in face-to-face communication. Boundaries needed South Korea used to execute a restrictive identification system (also called online real-name policy) to prevent unconditional assaults and cybercrime using language by disclosing part of the name of the writer. However, the law was abolished in 2012 considering it a breach of an individual’s freedom of speech mentioned in the Constitution. However, without any proper restrictions, a few people began to insult others based on regionalism, academic factionalism, lookism, or gender equality. Then the “few” turned into “a lot” which even spread to the online college community. Online communities of universities have recently been criticized for indiscreet posts and comments on factionalism. (Photo courtesy of GettyImages) Then, what kind of regulations do these online websites or applications have? The disclosure of one’s personal information has been outlawed, and the only choices administrators have have been limited into two- warnings and forceful elimination of the posts. However, warnings are barely effectuated as people with meaningless hatred are not concerned with any advices to provoke their conscience. Thus, many online university communities like Weehan of Hanyang University or Ssodam of Sogang University forcibly remove assaultive posts and comments if they fulfill the following requirements. The post should include sexual harassment or insults to specific individuals or groups and should receive a majority of negative votes by people to eliminate it compulsorily. The problem is, even if the post includes assaults or harassments, it still can remain on the website without a majority of dislikes. The quality and contents of the post and the aim of language sword entirely depend on the individual’s rationale and conscience. However, if the online community is to be used as a place where factionalists blame all social tragedies on their disliked group of people, sexually harass others with language, and specifically target individuals and illogically insult them, then it is no more a community where intellectual students learning advanced academics share their knowledge at. The administration of online college communities must create more specific policies to regulate these problems. One solution can be to automatically discern swear words that cause factionalism regarding gender, region, looks, and personal background. Also, warnings that administrators give to a critic should be strengthened in a more severe way. For example, if a user received more than triple warnings, than the administration should consider listing him or her on their blacklist, prohibiting them to upload further posts on the platform. Suitable regulations regarding online university communities should be applied. (Photo courtesy of GettyImages) December 10 is the International Day for the United Nation’s Universal Declaration of Human Rights. “Recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world.” Hatred towards each other in insulting language and degrading others due to their political standard, gender, or ideas are not what human’s inherent dignity stands for. As the bright future of South Korea, university students should restore their civil responsibility and manners online, and, thus, there should be suitable regulations regarding them. Kim Ju-hyun kimster9421@hanyang.ac.kr

2017-12 10

[Special]Experience is the Best Teacher

What could be the most difficult challenge a student can face? Perhaps, it is to get all straight A’s in every class, socializing with new people, making it to graduation, or getting the degrees. Then, what if all these tasks had to be carried out in a foreign language and in a foreign country? It is easy to decide to go abroad for a short trip, but it takes considerable prudence and courage to make the decision to go abroad and reside for studying. From ordering food in a restaurant to attending Hanyang University, the international research students in Hanyang are facing daily challenges in Korea. Three international research students shared their story this week. میں کوریا میں خوش ہوں. (I’m happy in Korea) Saba Haq (Life Science, Doctoral Program) is a research student from Pakistan, whose research primarily lies in the treatment of cancer. Since her youth, Saba has always been interested in biology and not in any other subjects. After majoring in Life Science, she was determined to go abroad to get her Ph.D. The time period during which she was offered the scholarship for foreign students by the Korean government was called the Korean Government Scholarship Program (KGSV). After coming to Korea, she spent a year in a language school in Busan to learn Korean. Through her experience of studying Korean in Busan, she was able to familiarize herself with Korean culture. She added that staying in Busan was one of her best experiences because she became acquainted with students from all over the world and learned about their cultures as well, while learning Korean. “I also love Korean dramas such as ‘It’s Okay, It’s Love’, ‘Boys over Flowers’, and ‘Secret Garden,” smiled Saba. It has been a little more than two years since Saba came to Hanyang, and there has been many ups and downs in her life. Although she barely has any communication problems because her professor is a foreigner, and a lot of her lab mates are English speakers, she sometimes struggles with her research. “When it’s the end of the week, and I don’t have a satisfying result, I can’t motivate myself for the following week. In such a case, my friends and I encourage each other because we are in a similar situation.” She confessed that compared to her own country, the working hours in Korea are generally longer, which makes her feel exhausted, sometimes. “This could be one cultural difference. In Pakistan, we have time for family after working. But in Korea, people work until eight or later. I wonder when they spend time with their family.” Nonetheless, Saba has had no particular difficulty in adjusting to her new life in Korea. “I think I became a stronger and a more self-dependent person because I taught myself how to survive by myself.” "Hanyang is very nice and friendly. I like my professor and my lab mates. I've learned so much." "不怕慢,只怕站.” (do not fear slowness, fear stopping) Yu Chung-won was a transfer student from the Business School in Hanyang in 3rd year, heading into the graduate school after graduating. Currently researching on the relationship between the street culture and the result of the Olympics, Yu is interested in finding out the impact that street culture has on the number of medals a country could acquire in the Olympics and how the Olympics could affect the streets themselves. As Chinese is her mother tongue, doing the research in English is one of the difficulties she faces. Having to understand English and translating the knowledge into Korean requires a strenuous effort. However, this could be an inevitable aspect of studying in a foreign country. “I want to thank my Korean friend for catching the errors in my paper after writing,” grinned Yu. Her interest in Korea first sprang when she was a middle school student. Being a big fan of the K-pop group named Super Junior, her decision to come to Korea was not only fueled by an academic purpose but also partially by her love for hallyu. Even to this day, she buys albums and goes to concerts. “I went to a Korean language academy in middle school to learn Korean, which was run by a Korean couple. I always wished to live in Korea and experience the culture.” Now that she has fulfilled her dream, she has a lot to talk about her experience. Since Yu is from the southern part of China where it never snows, she was not comfortable with going to the public sauna at first, not to mention the body-scrubbing lady who continuously offered the service, both of which she is familiar with now. She tries to improve her Korean skill by trying to watch the television without subtitles, communicating with her fellow Korean students, and enjoying the culture. Yu is still not certain about her goals after graduating from Hanyang. As for now, she is enjoying her life in Hanyang. "My first impression of Korea and Hanyang was very cordial, full of kind people." ຂອບໃຈ! (thank you) Toulany Thavisay, entering Hanang as a Ph.D. student from Laos, is in his 5th semester now and has done a wide range of research so far in the field of International Management; the broad idea of which is sustainability of the economy in Korea and consumer behavior. As a research student in Hanyang, Toulany has a tight daily schedule: waking up early in the morning and studying late until the night, barely having any free time. When first coming to Hanyang, one difference he noticed was the education system. He confessed that as a foreign student, adjusting to the system was a bit challenging. In Laos, the university makes the syllabus and provides students the syllabus, whereas in Korea, students are responsible for every task from organizing the time table to registering and dropping courses. Nonetheless, he never considers such difficulty as an obstacle, but rather, a positive challenge. “When you’re living in a different country, it’s something you have to go through and learn. I try to view all the challenges that I face in a positive manner.” As a KGSP student and having studied Korean in a language school for a year, Toulany’s Korean is very fluent, going beyond just communicative. “My Korean teacher told me that if I wanted to learn Korean, I had to like Korea first.” He remarked that practice makes perfect and that being good in a language is very beneficial because the more you communicate, the more friends you make and the more things you can explore about the culture. Being fluent in Korean helped him to understand Korean culture better. “What excites me a lot in Korea is the style of living and its infrastructure, in terms of the public transportation and its accessibility and speed of the Internet.” He refused to call the cultural difference a culture shock but rather an experience. After going back to Laos, his goal is to become a professor in the university he graduated from. He is eager to contribute his knowledge and the experience back to his school and expand the educational development in his home country. "Life in a foreign country could be challenging. Keep your goals to motivate yourself." It’s all about the climb Even though taking the first step is always difficult, nothing is impossible. Through consistent effort and continuous challenges, big, hard walls can be broken down into constructive stairs. The international research students of Hanyang will always surmount any difficulties and move toward their goals. Jeon Chae-yun chaeyun111@hanyang.ac.kr Photos by Lee Jin-myung