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2017-03 20

[Special]History of Makeup: from Goryeo to Joseon

Makeup is derived from the instinctual human desire to make oneself more beautiful. Makeup has been used to fulfill various purposes from about 4000 years ago. Cosmetics were used to protect oneself from the environment, to practice religious rituals, and to express one’s social status. In today's society, makeup has become indispensible to display one’s own personality and image. The history of makeup during Goryeo and Joseon dynasties can be traced back to understand the historical background and meaning of makeup. Flourishing of makeup, Goryeo In Korea, appearance of makeup started to emerge during the years of the three kingdoms Silla, Goguryeo, and Baekje (BC 37~668). It is said that the introduction of Buddhism greatly influenced the culture of makeup in Silla. After the unification of the three kingdoms, there came Goryeo (918~1392), where the culture of makeup reached its peak. A lot of the makeup skills and its products were passed over from Silla and started to develop from it. What is special about Goryeo is that it is the first country in Korean history to have promote and teach about makeup. It is said that the first king of Goryeo, Tae Jo Wang geon, ordered that Gisaengs (who served the king inside the palace) be taught how to properly wear makeup and the etiquette that followed it. An example of Goryeo's gisaeng makeup. (Photo courtesy of blog.naver/ahn640301) People have differentiated their makeup looks based on their social status at a particular time. Gisaengs who always have to wear makeup due to their job wore comparatively heavier makeup than the average. It was called bundae makeup. They wore hair oils to make their hair appear shiny, and white face powder to make their complexsion pale with contrasting vivid red rouge on the lip and cheeks. Eyebrows were thin and drawn in semicircular shape. On the other hand, average women preferred less makeup without the use of color on their cheeks and lips. Celadon cosmetics containers in Goryeo. (Photo courtesy of Coreana Cosmetics Museum) In addition to the social influence that encouraged using makeup, the development of celadon and the mirror also greatly contributed to its popularity. At the time, the technology of manufacturing celadon in Goryeo was eclipsing to the point of having it exported to different countries such as China. It soon led to production of different commodities used in people’s daily lives. A lot of the makeup containers were made with celadon. Skillful Goryeo people also made themselves a mirror based on the skills learned from China. Soon enough, the technology developed so that mass production was possible. It was soon dispersed to people and allowed the makeup culture in Goryeo to flourishment . Simple and natural beauty, Joseon On the other hand, the makeup culture of Joseon was more simple and plain compared to that of Goryeo. Compared to the social tendency to promote a luxurious appearance, Joseon (1392~1910) emphasized inner beauty rather than outer beauty, a ruling ideloogy rooted in Confucianism. It was even banned to wear extravagant garments or heavy makeup. Bundae makeup, popularized among gisaengs in Goryeo was also thought of as “too much” or inappropriate. Thus, the makeup looks in Joseon were very confined to its natural appearance. The brows, skin, cheeks and lips all had to look “natural”. If the before and after makeup the on a person looked vastly different, it was considered despicable. An 18th century beauty in Joseon by Kim Hong-do. (Photo courtesy of Seoul National Museum) While the makeup trend in Joseon was simpler than that of Goryeo, that didn’t necessarily mean women at the time didn’t wear makeup at all. In fact, while the overall look is still natural, women in Joseon focused on keeping their skin clear and their look natural yet put together. They made themselves a lotion to keep their skin moisturized and applied honey mixed with its residue as a facial mask. According to the book Gyuhap Chongseo (1809), there were a number of ways to style one’s hair, ten ways to draw one’s brows, and several ways to apply lip makeup. It is noticeable that the book was read mostly by average Joseon women, not gisaeng or yangban (people in higher social class). While most of the makeup products were hand-made in homes, makeup industries and its market started to emerge in the later period of Joseon. According to the records, there were separate makeup stores in markets and merchants who visited homes to sell makeup or hair products. In the painting called Taepyung sung sido which depicts scenes of people’s daily life during the Joseon era, it is interesting to spot stores selling accessories, combs, and mirrors. Compared to the mirrors made in Goryeo, mirrors made in glass were imported from countries like Russia or China and became more popular as it was much lighter and clearer. A lot of people, usually men, would buy their wives a mirror as a gift if they have a chance to travel to China. Makeup accessories and portraits from Goryeo to Joseon. (Photo courtesy of Tistory/dreamlives) Yun Ji-hyun uni27@hanyang.ac.kr

2017-03 20 Important News

[Special]How To Be the Top Student

Romance and lethargy along with the spring breeze is yet to be seen on campus, with a tsunami of exams and assignments silently creeping up. The campus, filled with the energetic vibes of students, will soon turn to chaos with the exam period approaching. Since being prepared is better than not, News H gathered ssome great tips from six students with excellent grades. They give insight into studying more efficiently, and most importantly, becoming the top student of your department! Mastering the art When attending a variety of classes, team projects are often required- they could be a box of chocolates or Pandora's box if unlucky. As was said famously in the movie 'Forrest Gump', “You never know what you’re going to get.” Sometimes one may do all the work alone, or, if lucky, people would do their equal share unlike the freeriders who only add their names to the final presentation. No Kyung-min (Division of International Studies 3rd year), the top student of the 2016 spring semester, always studies regularly. As for the assignments, he completes it the day he receives the instructions. “I have a habit of reading books out loud as if I’m teaching myself. It works for me,” said No. He recommends students to look for the flow in information and obtain new knowledge by conversing with fellow classmates.“ As for team projects, it's important to set deadlines and evenly distribute the work,” No added. Lee Soo-bin uses diagrams, notes, and colored pens for taking notes. (Photos courtesy of Lee) Lee Soo-bin (Department of Dance, 2nd year) is the top student of 2016 with an average GPA of 4.4. The Dance Department consists of three majors: Korean Dance, Modern Dance, and Ballet. Lee is majoring in Korean Dance. “Sometimes the assignment is to perform a dance out of my own creation,” said Lee. In departments that require such performances, Lee believes that it is most important to practice- over and over again. She also has a habit of reading, writing, and speaking out loud at the same time when studying. “Assignments are an extension of what you learn in lectures, so what is learnt in class should be utilized to the fullest for perfect understanding,” Lee concluded. Park Sung-woo (Department of Computer Science, 2nd year) is also the top student of 2016, with an average GPA of 4.35. Park usually studies for an average of one hour every day. A habit of Park's is to take notes on everything in class, although it may not make sense at the time. “Most people do not like to preview class materials, which is the same for me. That’s why studying for exams and handing in assignments should be done on a regular basis,” said Park. Kim Han-gyeol has experience in producing animation and design. (Photos courtesy of Kim) Kim Han-gyeol (Department of Entertainment Design, ERICA, 3rd year) was the top student in the 2015 fall semester, with a GPA of 4.46. Since Kim is attending the College of Design, a lot of exams are replaced with midterm and final assignments. A tip that Kim provides is to get the confirmation from professors from time to time while doing assignments. “It not only leaves a good impression, but it also helps greatly in creating better work.” As for most of the exams, Kim prepares for about two weeks. “I have a revision session which I repeat about four times,” said Kim. As with other top students, Kim also writes and reads out loud while studying. Bae Da-hui (Division of Advertising & Public Relations, ERICA, 4th year) is the overall top student with an average GPA of 4.25. The thing about Bae is that she doesn't take notes during class. “No matter how good you are at multitasking, you would lose concentration as time goes,” said Bae. She studies for about three hours a day with intense focus. As with other top students, Bae also reads, writes, and speaks out loud while studying. “You should memorize with your own method of storytelling. It really helps a lot." Kim Hee-ryung's work from last semester. (Photos courtesy of Kim) Kim Hee-ryung (Department of Applied Art Education, 3rd year) is the top student overall, with an average GPA of 4.28. Her department is divided into Pure Fine Arts and Applied Arts. A lot of the exams are replaced by presentation portfolios consisting of a storyline with the intention of expressing th entire semest'er work piece, materials, and technique. “It is important to have a purpose for creating a work piece and how it should be made,” said Kim. A habit of Kim is to scribble down notes on a spare piece of paper. “Projects should be done with mutual respect and preparation of everything should be done beforehand,” concluded Kim. Like other top students, Kim Hee-ryung has a habit of reading out loud. (Photo courtesy of Kim) We all know that there is no shortcut to studying. Even if you have photographic memory, what good would it be if the knowledge cannot be applied because of not having understood it fully? Some of the tips provided above may have seemed too basic, but remember, in the end, it is always the basics that produce great results. Kim Seung-jun nzdave94@hanyang.ac.kr

2017-03 13 Important News

[Special]Fashion Meets Hanyang

As the new semester begins, bright colors light up the whole campus. Different shades of clothes reflect the fresh mindset of students, yet some newcomers find the new freedom of wearing whatever they choose, unlike high school, to be difficult. News H has been busily bustling through campus to find stylish students who can provide fashion tips for the freshmen. S/S Hanyang Men Left: Jin Shil Right: Park Byung-jun Jin Shil (Department of Mechanical Engineering 4th year) enjoys his neat sense of style. “I have always thought that wearing fancy clothes is too uncomfortable for me.” Jin has placed fashion emphasis on his shoes matching the color of his bicycle. “I think that my style is what most average people wear. I would like to try a leather jacket once the weather gets warmer,” said Jin. Tips for freshmen: “Try some basic items such as sweaters or shirts. Clothes with no patterns may seem boring, but they are essential items to own.” Park Byung-jun (Division of International Studies 3rd year) likes dressing himself in casual street wear. When asked about his style of the day, Park said: “Today, I have my vintage X-large size Adidas hoodie on, and I mean vintage.” Both Park and Jin wanted an everyday casual look that would blend in with others. Park wishes to try some popular and expensive street brands such as Supreme in the future. Tips for freshmen: “Have confidence in yourself. It’s always good to look your best while you can becauese during exams everyone will be wearing the same dull sweats.” Left: Lee Hyun-hu Right: Kim Do-un Lee Hyun-hu (Department of Organic and Nano Engineering 2nd year) usually likes to wear work style clothes. Being a student, Lee mostly shops in relatively cheaper roadside shops. “I really love wearing hats since it covers up my hair but adds a point to my look,” said Lee. “I want to try checkerboard pants next.” Tips for freshmen: “Clothes that seem 'pretty' may not suit you. Ask the female students for some fashion advice. It helps a lot!” Kim Do-un (Department of Clothing & Textiles 2nd year) loves tone-on-tone coordination and prefers tone-downed colors. Kim is also fond of normcore (norm + hardcore) or the Amekaji (American + casual) style as well. “I sometimes create clothes to suit my look like the pants I'm wearing today,” said Kim. Kim stresses the importance of color sense and how they are matched together. Tips for freshmen: “Try reading fashion magazines such as Vogue or HYgenic. Follow the trend but always maintain your own sense of style. Do not care about what others think of your fashion.” S/S Hanyang Women Left: Kim Kyung-min Right: Son Yoon-ju Kim Kyung-min (Department of Business 3rd year) does not have a set style that she wears. She likes to try different items. “I tried matching this flower pattern with a black long coat for a subdued calm look,” said Kim. She stresses that no matter how pretty the clothes may look being comfortable is the best. “I also try to maximize the merits of my body type by wearing crop tops since I have a thin waist,” added Kim. Tips for freshmen: “Different types of clothes need to be experimented to maximize the merits of your body and your style. Make-up is an important part of fashion as well.” Son Yoon-ju (Department of Techno Product Design 2nd year) enjoys shopping in designer select shops since they display a variety of similar styles. “Clothes that can be worn for a long time is the best since it can blend in with what you wear later on,” said Son. “I want to try the Amekaji style that is popular nowadays. Long fatigue skirts along with checkerboard shirts would make me look like a tomboy.” Tips for freshmen: “Clothes can be the tools to cover your weaknesses. Being aware of your style and body shape is something to consider.” Left: Hwang Sang-young Right: Choi Hye-won Hwang Sang-young (Department of Japanese Language & Culture 3rd) loves wearing basic items and making a one-point focus with hats, shoes, or bags. She enjoys shopping in SPA brands due to the vast styles available. “I don’t really know what being yourself means. Being natural could be defined as being you, I guess,” commented Hwang. Tips for freshmen: “I would recommend denim textiles for casual looks or light toned colors since spring is approaching.” Choi Hye-won (Division of Advertising & Public Relations 4th year) usually wears classic style of clothes. “I usually love clothes with vivid colors like the this fleece I have on today,” said Choi. “I love cute designs and that is why I can’t stop using them to emphasize lovely styling points for each day,” she added. She would like to try more formal styles as she gets older. Tips for freshmen: “Try a lot of different clothes and match them in different ways to create your own style. Don’t forget to take a lot of pictures!” Reasonable and efficient fashion tips have been brought to you by the eight students who happily accepted the interviews. As spring approaches and the weather gets warmer, News H hopes to see more lively and vivid colors from freshmen to express their own identity and fashion sense. Remember that being yourself is the best way to being a fashion icon. Kim Seung-jun nzdave94@hanyang.ac.kr Photos by Kim Youn-soo

2017-03 13 Important News

[Special]Korea’s Delivery Service

A peaceful, relaxing Sunday afternoon at home seems perfect, until one’s stomach suddenly growls for survival. At this moment, it is only natural to not want to get up and cook a meal, but it is also impossible to ignore the call coming from one's stomach. From grocery shopping, cooking and then cleaning up afterwards, it could be a real hassle to make one’s own meal. Perhaps all these things are simply unaffordable due to one's busy life. In Korea, a convenient option for these circumstances exists: food delivery service. The metal box and motorcycle Korea, a historically agricultural nation, regarded food highly and followed strict table manners from days past. On top of this, Confucian teachings taught not to carry food or even lift them off the table. This may sound contradictory, as Korea is often dubbed as the “baedal minjok,” or delivery nation when translation. The trend first began around the middle of the twentieth century with the introduction of Chinese food and portable military food supply from America during times of war. Jjajang-myun is the most classic delivery food that set this trend in motion. Jjajang-myun (black bean sauce noodles) is the pioneer of delivery food. (Photo courtesy of http://blog.daum.net/roxy_sl/93) On the streets, in front of personal or franchise restaurants and in parking lots, delivery motorcycles with a metal box attached to its back can easily be found. Almost all food delivery is done with a motorcycle, not a car, to increase time and fuel efficiency. The diversity of food being delivered has greatly increased, literally, to include any menu item. Most restaurants today offer delivery service in an attempt to boost their competency, and, thus, not fall behind on the trend. A deliverer is holding a metal box saying "quick delivery." (Photo courtesy of luckyturtles.com) Delivery and culture The delivery culture does not only bring convenience and advantages to people's lives but also it fosters an enjoyable and conventional culture. Most typically, the picnic culture has grown hand-in-hand with the delivery culture. Clement weather equates to picnic day usually at parks with friends, family, or significant others. Either hand packaged or delivery food is accompanied to the picnic, with the majority opting for the latter. The most popular picnic site in Seoul is Han River park, with the most frequently chosen menu being fried chicken and beer as its partner. “Chimaek” is a recently coined term referring to chicken and beer, and this word is incredibly often linked with another word, “Hangang,” Han River. A blogger's picture of chimaek along Han River. (Photo courtesy of beer2day.com) In addition, another trend has formed as a result of the flourishing delivery food service: late-night meals. Born together is yet another newly coined term “yashik,” meaning late-night food. Since food can be obtained with zero effort at anytime, people began to enjoy food late at night, usually after getting home from work. Lying on the sofa and watching television, it is tempting to reach for the phone and dial a number to order some food to satisfy the puckish belly. Apparently, more than just a few people feel this desire at night, eventually giving rise to yashik culture which was happily consummated by the delivery culture. Famous delivery applications on smartphones. (Photo courtesy of namedia.tistory.com) To further make it easier and handy, food delivery applications has entered the picture. With a smartphone at hand, one can painlessly skim through all the menus and prices of food available and that are ready to order and enjoy anytime and anywhere. School, the park, office, home, hospital, even at the beach, delivery food reaches every corner of the country and is a big part of the culture today. Jeon Chae-yun chaeyun111@hanyang.ac.kr

2017-03 05 Important News

[Special][LIFESTYLE] Homemade Korean Food

Selecting the right ingredients to plating beautifully makes a great cook, but, ordinary people, who live on mere bread and rice as their meals, find it difficult to cook proper food for themselves. Although quite modest compared to fancy dishes served in restaurants, the following are some of the most beloved meals for Koreans. Recipes for gimbap, soybean sprout bulgogi, and royal stir-fried rice cake now follows, so be ready to take notes. Gimbap Ingredients: dried seaweed, cucumber, egg, carrot, pickled radish, imitation crab meat, ham, rice, sesame oil, someone to go on a picnic with Top: Chop up the ingredients evenly. Bottom: Stir-fry the ingredients. Top: Roll up the ingredients on the dried seaweed. Bottom: Cut the gimbap to the size you want. Enjoy your picnic with gimbap! Soybean sprout bulgogi (two servings) Ingredients: soybean sprout, pork loin, spring onion, onion, winter mushroom, sesame leaf, cooking wine, soy sauce, sugar, crushed garlic, chili powder, red chili paste, (sesame seed, sesame oil – optional), someone to invite to your place From top left, clockwise (1-4) 1: Pour in 300g of soybean sprout 2: Chop up the spring onions and onion. Add to the pan 3: Add the winter mushroom according to your taste 4: Cut up 10 sesame leaves and add 400g of pork loin From left to right (5-6) 5: Mix together cooking wine, soy sauce, sugar, crushed garlic, chili powder, red chili paste at a 1:1:1:1:1 ratio and add in ½ tablespoons of crushed garlic and sesame oil 6: Pour the sauce on top and add in sesame seed to your taste Boil the ingredients on the pan until the meat is well-cooked. Royal stir-fried rice cake (two servings) Ingredients: rice cake, beef sirloin, onion, paprika, oyster mushroom, spring onion, sugar, soy sauce, crushed garlic, (sesame seed, sesame oil, pepper – optional), someone to enjoy your food 1 paprika, 400g beef sirloin, 1 spring onion, ½ onion, oyster mushroom as preferred From top left, clockwise (1-4) 1: Pour in 100ml water, 2 tablespoons of sugar, and cook the beef 2: Add in 50ml soy sauce and 1 tablespoon of crushed garlic 3: Put 300g rice cake into the pan 4: Throw in the rest of the vegetables From left to right (5-6) 5: Add some sesame seeds, 1 tablespoon of sesame oil and pepper to your taste 6: Do some plating for your visitor and enjoy the food These simple steps will turn you into a great cook even without the lavish plating skills or the senses of a professional cook. Preferences differ from person to person, so the recipe can be modified and custom-made according to your own taste. Always remember: confidence in cooking is the first step to becoming an excellent chef. Invite your partner, friends, or family to your home this weekend and let them taste the best homemade Korean food- made by none other than you! Kim Seung-jun nzdave94@hanyang.ac.kr Photos by Kim Seung-jun

2017-02 27

[Special][CULTURE] Museums Worth Visiting

The National Museum of Korea The National Museum of Korea, situated in Yongsan-gu, Seoul, is the biggest and most loved museum of Korean and Asian history. The museum mainly features artifacts and treasures from prehistoric times to the Joseon Dynasty and the Korean Empire. The collection also includes relics from China, Japan, and middle, eastern, and southern Asia. The National Museum of Korea. Click here to visit its homepage. (Photo courtesy of Ezy Economy) Some of the museum’s most famous collections are the massive Ten-Story Pagoda of Gyeongcheonsa Temple site from the Goryeo Dynasty, and the Genre Painting Album of Danwon, a famous painter who drew ordinary people’s daily life in the Joseon Dynasty. Other notable artifacts are the golden crown and girdle of Silla during the Three Kingdoms period and Pensive Bodhisattva statue from the same period. Admission is free, although costs for special exhibitions may vary. Currently, the special exhibition “Egyptian Treasures from the Brooklyn Museum” is on display. Ten-Story Pagoda of Gyeongcheonsa Temple site (top right), Dancing Child from Genre Painting Album of Danwon (top left), golden crown and girdle (bottom right), and Pensive Bodhisattva statue (bottom left). (Photos courtesy of Daum and Naver blogs) There is a tourist program in the museum for foreigners called “Korean Culture”, which includes Korea’s traditional cultural activities such as Korean painting and calligraphy, and making lacquerware inlaid with mother-of-pearls and Korean seals. Guided tours for foreigners are provided in English, Chinese, and Japanese. Near the National Museum of Korea, The National Hangeul Museum is located, which is about Hangeul’s history, design, and the principles behind it. To pay a visit to the National Museum of Korea, take a subway and get off at Ichon station on the Jungang Line and Line 4. The museum is open every day except the 1st of January, Seollal, and Chuseok. Seoul Museum of Art The Seoul Museum of Art, or SeMA, comprises three separate museums- the Main Building in Seosomun-dong, Jung-gu, Nam[South]-Seoul Branch near Sadang metro station in Gwanak-gu, and the Buk[North]-Seoul Branch in Nowon-gu. Art exhibitions of all sorts are held in these two museums, spanning vast genres of art from paintings and photography to fashion, design and film. SeMA mainly displays artworks by Korean artists, both young and old, including the permanent exhibition of a famous Korean painter Cheon Kyeong-ja. In addition, Western and non-Western artworks are also displayed in SeMa, and a Latin American arts exhibition is to be opened this year. Currently, at SeMA Seosomun Museum of Art, a special exhibition called “Renoir: Images of Women” is being held. The Seosomun Main Building of SeMA. Click here to visit its homepage. (Photo courtesy of Robert Walters Korea) SeMA holds its own biennale, called SeMA Biennale Mediacity Seoul, which focuses on contemporary art- especially media art. Artists from Korea and all over the world participate in the event. The latest Biennale was held in 2016, with the next one expecting to be held in 2018. There are lots of different educational programs offered: a ceramic clay modeling course and an oriental painting course for foreigners can be registered for at the Nam-Seoul Living Arts Museum. SeMA is closed every Monday and on January 1st. Gwacheon National Science Museum Gwacheon National Science Museum is in the city Gwacheon, Gyeonggi-do, near Seoul Grand Park. It stands as one of the most representative science museums in Korea. The museum covers a broad range in science. By visiting the museum, one can briefly explore the world of the fundamental sciences, such as biology, chemistry and physics. Advanced scientific technology can also be glimpsed upon. The museum features the scientific development of ancient Korea, such as the turtle ship devised by Joseon's naval commander Yi Sun-shin, and geojunggi, a pulley created to be used when constructing the Hwaseong fortress in the city of Suwon by Jeong Yak-yong. There is a planetarium, an astronomical observatory, and an insect ecology center there as well. Gwacheon National Science Museum. Click here to visit its homepage. (Photo courtesy of the Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning's Daum blog) The museum offers on hands-on scientific experience, and tries to make science more approachable for both the young and the old. For instance, one can experience the operations of a Tesla coil and plasma phenomena, as well as seeing various sea animals, insects and fossils. Visiting the Gwacheon Science Museum with children is highly recommended. The admission fee for adults is 4,000 won, and 2,000 won for children. The museum is closed on Mondays and on January 1st. Jang Soo-hyun luxkari@hanyang.ac.kr

2017-02 20

[Special][TRAVEL] Take Two: Gwangju

Especially famous for its diverse types of food, Gwangju is a city worth being visited by anyone. This article covers some of the famous places within Gwangju that will dazzle its wayfarers. News H paid a real visit to capture its beauty and relish in its ambience firsthand. [1913 Songjeong Market] Located in front of the KTX station, this market is one of the most accessible places to visit. The market opened with the construction of Songjeong Train Station, and its entrance sign proudly boasts its year of completion- 1913. While keeping the traditionality within the market, it has been remodeled to attract the younger generation to the markets, creating a trendy and tidy place to go shopping. On the pavements, in front of every store, the year of the store's grand opening is engraved, which gives the site an increased sense of heritage. 1913 Songjeong Market connects the past with the present. [Penguin Village] Famous for its wall paintings, Penguin Village is possibly one of the most artistic villages in Korea. Although the place is not big in scale, a lot of art figures and paintings decorate the whole village making it a hot spot for photographers. It was once an abandoned village only inhabited by the elderly. The way the inhabitants walked resembled that of penguins, which is why the village was named in such a way. The people who lived in the village started decorating the place with pieces of junk- it developing into a form of art, people started to pique interest in the Penguin Village. Penguin Village is one of the most artistic and picturesque villages in Korea. Tours with different themes are offered by the village, as well. [5.18 Memorial Park] On May 18, 1980, Gwangju and the Jeolla Province held massive democratic demonstrations against the new military regime, leading a coup to topple the government at the time. Countless citizens, including students and the elderly, were injured or killed during the incident, as orders to massacre civilians came from the then-government and President. The Memorial Park was created in Gwangju in order to commemorate and atone those who fought for democracy and justice. The park consists of a 5.18 reference room, auditorium, statues, fountain squares and other convenience facilities. People visit the park to commemorate the victims or simply take a peaceful stroll along its paths. The Memorial Park is appreciated by the many, reminding them of the 5.18 tragedy. Maintained by Gwangju Metropolitan City, Gwangju's tourism website provides tour schedules and optimal routes for visitors. It would be a great idea to plan a visit to the city in all its tranquility as a short trip before the new semester begins. Click here for the website Kim Seung-jun nzdave94@hanyang.ac.kr Photos by Kim Seung-jun

2017-02 13

[Special]A Typical Day at School During Winter Break

On a typical Thursday during winter vacation, the campus seems quite empty and idle on the surface. As It turned out, beneath it were some bustling Hanyangians working on their own tasks. Taking a glimpse into their schedules, it was clear that students were spending their break being occupied by various duties and responsibilities. News H this week brought few students’ stories about their life during this winter break. As student council officers Park Yun-dong (English Language and Literature, 2nd year) and Ko Ga-yeon (English Language and Literature, 2nd year) are the president and vice president of their major and are therefore in charge of assisting numerous events and activities. Attending weekly meetings held among the student council members of the department, school affairs seem to lie at the center of their vacation. Their main objectives are to outline programs for the two-nights-three-days bonding camp for the freshmen, increase the number of convenient facilities in the basement room, and plan for upcoming back-to-school events. “Doing what I’m delegated to keeps me busy enough. Giving myself more time to focus on my personal concerns would be too overwhelming. As the president, I don’t want to fail anybody!” exclaimed Park. Park (left) and Ko (right) are planning upcoming back-to-school events. As seniors At the café near the outdoor theater, a group of three were putting their heads together, working on a task with flaming devotion. It turned out that they are seniors at the Department of Mechanical Engineering, trying to get their graduation thesis finished. They unfolded their achievements of the past two months during the break, most of which were heavily related to academics and career-building: taking official exams, preparing for graduate school, and looking for jobs. It was evident that the three had no spare time to invest in enjoyable, relaxing activities. They are all ready to graduate and step into the bigger society. Kim Jae-yoon, Kim Tae-wan, and Lee Gun-woo (left to right) are working on their graduation thesis with ardor. As a band member Alone in the practice room of the club Dasalnolae was an electronic guitarist Heo Ji-min (Department of Chinese Language and Literature, 2nd year), rehearsing a song to be performed at the freshmen bonding camp. Dasalnolae is a band club in the College of Humanities, performing at events like camps and school festivals. The nearest performance is going to be at the camp aforementioned, possibly attracting new recruiters. “I come to school more than three times a week to practice. The song I was just practicing is Uptown Funk, which is one of the songs we are performing in less than two weeks. I am actually the captain of the electronic guitar team, so it's only natural that I practice more. I guess during this break I didn't do anything much besides coming to school for music practice,” recalled Heo. Heo comes to school more than three times a week to practice. As a graduate student A graduate student couple from the Department of Earth Resources and Environmental Engineering were near the Hanyang Plaza, on their way to grab a bite to eat during lunch break. Eldalatony Marwa is currently studying to get her doctorate degree, while her husband El-Sayed Salama had already achieved the same goal. As full-time student and researcher, they are required to come to school every day to carry out experiments, rendering their vacation virtually nonexistent. “Although we would like to go on trips, we obviously can’t. We still manage to visit places nearby, like Namie Island or even to Busan during weekends. I’m eagerly looking forward to getting my doctorate degree this June,” remarked Marwa. El-Sayed (left) and Marwa (right) goes to their laboratory everyday. As individual students Enjoying hot coffee and cordially conversing, Kim Jae-hyun (Bio-Engineering Major, 3rd year) and Kim Jae-yoon (Department of History, 1st year) were in a café in the Humanities Building. When asked why they came to school during vacation, they simply answered they wanted to hang out since they hadn't seen each other for a while. Jae-hyun is currently taking a year off because he wants to focus on his personal studies aside from school work. His goal is to become a prominent pharmacy researcher. On the other hand, Jae-yoon just returned from military service and is ready to return to school this semester. He made the big decision to reregister as a first-year student, although he was to be a sophomore this year. Jae-yoon wasn't content with his achievements during his first year, which is why he wants to start over and put more effort into academic work. Jae-yoon (left) and Jae-hyun (right) are talking about their school plans. Jeon Chae-yun chaeyun111@hanyang.ac.kr Photos by Moon Ha-na

2017-02 12

[Special][Op-ed] Mobility Rights for the Disabled

During national holiday seasons in Korea, issues always arise. In Korea, where people go to visit their parents and relatives living in different locations throughout the country, it is always a problem for the disabled to find proper transportation to travel to locations that are generally more than 2-3 hours away. Most recently, on January 26th, two disabled people tried to take a bus at the Seoul Express Bus Terminal to visit their parents and families in Busan for Seollal, one of the biggest national holidays celebrating the Lunar New Year. However, they were rejected and offered no help. The reason for this was because intercity buses are not properly equipped with special facilities for disabled passengers. An activist is holding a picket saying, "We need a bus that anyone can use". (Photo courtesy of Beminor) While such incidents involving the disabled was deemed a problem a long while back, it's surprising that the law itself already mentions the protection of disabled people's rights akin to the basic human rights of all people. Rights to mobility for the disabled is a part of accessibility rights. It means that a disabled individual should be able to move around and reach a desired destination using different transportation systems. It also states that the government should assure the rights of disabled people to use public transportation like taxis, buses, and the subways in Korea to enable them to travel around freely, just as it is granted for people with no disabilities. “Public” transportation, not for the disabled There are approximately 32.552 buses in Korea and 20 percent of them are made as low-floor buses, with no steps, which allow people with physical difficulties or those on wheelchairs to get onto the bus easily. While the number of such buses are seriously lacking for disabled people, it can even be said that they aren't able to fully utilize the existing ones to their convenience. When people on wheelchairs try to ride on a low-floor bus, drivers would oftentimes ignore and reject them, claiming that they don't know how to control the lift, or that it's simply broken. "We (disabled passengers) want to go home too!" (Photo courtesy of Beminor) The case with trains and subways are not so different. The KTX, run by Korail, has 2 to 4 disabled seats on each train, but disabled passenger is still restricted from using other facilities inside the train like the cinema or restaurant. On other trains besides the KTX - Mugungwha and Saemauel trains - it is almost impossible for the disabled to ride in them, as basic facilities weren't built inside, or the way to get to the trains is unsafe for people in wheelchairs. With taxis, the Seoul Metropolitan City introduced 'call taxis' for the disabled in 2003. It was for people with level 1 and 2 brain damage, or those on wheelchairs. While the project started out with 100 cabs, the number increased to about 500 cabs in 2017. While the introduction of call taxis did increase in other regions as well and did match the number required by law, it is still said by a lot of users that it is hard to get serviced on a daily basis. They have to wait for about 40 minutes when traffic isn't busy, and 3 to 4 hours during rush hour. Getting to work every day, which is just a daily routine for non-disabled people, is a daily concern for the disabled because of limited transportation systems. A disabled passenger is getting on a special call-taxi. (Photo courtesy of Beminor) Better welfare for all While there are increasing demands for the disabled to be guaranteed their rights, it is unnerving to witness that the government’s budget for their welfare is simply not enough. While the budget has been on the increase every year by 20 to 30 percent, because the issue has been gaining more attention in the last several years, existing policies and infrastructures are insufficient compared to the number of people who are in need of more help and attention. In the short run, the government should increase specially equipped taxi and vehicles. In the longer run, buses and subways should be equipped with lifts to help the disabled hop on and off with more ease. To create and implement such policies, a separate department of law and policy for the disabled within the government would be of significant help. While the aforementioned policies could be easier said than done, it is more important for our society to shift our perspectives of the disabled. As disabled people are unable to move around freely, people should understand the importance of their mobility rights, and that being assured for all people regardless of their physical or mental state. For the drivers of various public transportation, it is essential for the companies or institutions to educate their employees to service disabled passengers on par with other passengers. It is important for the Korean society to ponder more about what equality is. (Photo courtesy of disabilityrightsca) Yun Ji-hyun uni27@hanyang.ac.kr

2017-02 07 Important News

[Special]Hanyangians Abroad and Beyond

The number of international students at Hanyang University, as well as within Korea, appear to increase every year. About 90,000 students were estimated to be studying in Korea as of 2016. Reasons behind their visits form around inquisitiveness about and personal interest in Korea and its culture, not excluding job opportunities. Likewise, students of Hanyang fly to countries abroad to learn languages, expose themselves to new cultures and get work experience. This week, News H met four HYU students, Lee Shin-hee (Advertising and Public Relations, ERICA, 4th year), Kim Nam-hyung (Division of International Studies, 4th year), Lee Je-na (Sociology, 4th yr) and Kwon Hyun-min (Industrial Engineering, 4th year), who all went abroad on exchange student programs, an internship and a working holiday respectively. Exchange students in the US and the UK Shin-hee (left) and Nam-hyung (right) each visited the US and the UK respectively as exchange students. Q1. How long did you live abroad as an exchange student, and what countries have you visited? Can you tell us the reason why you went there? Shin-hee: I stayed in America from August 2015 to July 2016 at LeTourneau University in Texas. I spent two semesters there as an international student, taking a minor in Marketing in the School of Business. I chose the US because I wanted to practice my English a lot, and I wanted to experience the student life there. Nam-hyung: I went to the UK and studied at the University College London. I spent the fall semester of my junior year there, and lived there from September 2016 to January this year. My reason for going abroad was to learn politics, studying at a foreign university as a politics major. Because I lived in Europe when I was young, I felt more comfortable with the UK than the US. Since using English wasn't a problem for me, I felt I could understand the lectures better at an English-speaking country. Q2. Are there any routes in making foreign friends? What were some notable experiences you had with foreign students during your stay? Shin-hee: The club I chose in the university I went to was the cross-country running team. Club members were surprised and glad that an exchange student chose to participate, and the atmosphere was really welcoming as a result. There are summer breaks and fall breaks in American universities, which enable students to take a leave from school for about one week. I decided to take a trip to the seaside with my friends during the summer break. During my fall break, I visited to the Grand Canyon with my friends. Another thing that I remember, and definitely don’t regret, is that I threw my own farewell party. That was because I wanted to treat my friends back, who really helped me a lot during my stay. "I prepared my own farewell party because I wanted to treat my American friends back. Like this, you can make a personal influence regardless of whether you're an international student or not." (Photos courtesy of Lee Shin-hee) Nam-hyung: There were five people in my dorm, and those friends were the ones I got very close to. When a new semester starts, there is a welcoming party for one week. I met nice people there. Also, there are lots of clubs, such as Beyonce, Harry Potter, and sci-fi. In Korea, you choose one or two clubs and you devote yourself to it, but in the UK, the choice of clubs has more flexibility and freedom. Nam-hyung's trip to Stonehenge. (Photo courtesy of Kim Nam-hyung) Q3. What did you learn most out of your experience abroad? Shin-hee: I learned that the influence of a given environment affects people beyond imagination. What is left as your asset depends on how much you tried to challenge and adapt to in the culture you are faced with. That’s a matter of courage, you see. Nam-hyung: What I learned is much related to studying. I was surprised by the heated atmosphere of debate that was going around in the classes. It was very different from Korean-style lectures. I learned that by actively searching and striving, you can really make your studying experience more interesting and engaging. Additionally, I learned basic life skills, like cooking and socializing with people. Q4. Any tips on living as an exchange student? Shin-hee: I used my international student status as a privilege. Because I was an exchange student, I don’t have to be in the know about what the other students already know. I asked lots of questions and that was how I could communicate more with the people there. Nam-hyung: Never be afraid of doing things alone. There may be situations where you want to do something but you don’t have any friends to do it with you. Don’t hesitate even then. There may be more dynamic events when you are out alone. Working holiday to Australia, internship to Germany Hyun-min (left) visited Australia for a working holiday, and Je-na (right) went to Germany for an internship at KOTRA. Q1. What country have you visited and why? What was your work there? Je-na: For six months from the second half of 2015 to first half of 2016, I went on a foreign internship to KOTRA (Korea Trade-Investment Promotion Agency)'s trade building in Munich, Germany through the school. KOTRA is a state funded organization that promotes and facilitates trade and investment of Korea's SMEs (Small to medium sized enterprises). I lived in Germany from middle school to high school, so I can speak both German and English. I applied for the internship while I was searching for work experience in Korea and other countries, following a professor’s advice on internship programs the school provides. I assisted office work as an intern, did some cleaning, answered phone calls, and consulted some buyers. I also got a more worthwhile experience, being able to German for work thanks to the trust that the director instilled in me. I participated in interpreting at a BMW conference, and in a special KBS program that featured Munich. I was lucky to be involved in those moments. Je-na's work desk at KOTRA. (Photo courtesy of Lee Je-na) Hyun-min: I went on a working holiday to Australia for 21 months, from April 2014 to January 2016, with three of my friends. I had a great longing for living abroad since I was young. I chose Australia for my working holiday due to the interesting stories I had heard from my private tutor about his own working holiday experience in Australia. I also wanted to feel for myself the active atmosphere of the country. During my stay, I worked in restaurants. I washed dishes, did simple ingredient preparations, and also did room service while I was working in a big hotel. Hyun-min (third from right) and his friends in Australia. (Photo courtesy of Kwon Hyun-min) Q2. Were there any requirements for the jobs? Je-na: Certified English test scores and other language scores are required, corresponding to which country you visit. A copy of your transcript and resume are also needed, and an English interview is held thereafter, with one intern being selected for each trade building. Hyun-min: There are age requirements, from 18 to 30, and there has to be neither medical disqualifications nor criminal records. Q3. What is an advantage of a brief stay abroad? Hyun-min: I now have the confidence to live in any country that I can think of. I have experienced something unique, so I'm now equipped with the ability to manage my life and also broaden my outlook. Hyun-min, Je-na, Nam-hyung and Shin-hee (left to right) pose together. Jang Soo-hyun luxkari@hanyang.ac.kr Photos by Choi Min-ju