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2018-09 01

[Special][Saranghandae] Special Summer Memories

▲ HISS students celebrated their successful summer vacation through the graduation ceremony The 2018 Hanyang International Summer School (HISS) reached its successful conclusion on the 27th of July with the graduation ceremony held in the Hanyang Olympic Gymnasium. A little over 2,000 students from 49 different countries participated in this year’s HISS, the largest ever, and the feedback was overwhelmingly positive from students and faculty alike. Earning credits and experiencing a range of activities in HISS’ edutainment-based program, this year’s participants expressed their overall satisfaction with many stating their desire to return. Another year of HISS After four weeks of attending intensive, 3-hours per day, 4-days a week classes and joining in a variety of offered activities, the graduation ceremony was held to celebrate not only the end of the program, but also to celebrate the participants’ accomplishment of successfully completing the fast-paced, highly focused curriculum. Since the start of HISS in 1990, when HISS was originally a program for overseas, ethnic Koreans designed to introduce them to Korean language and culture, HISS has been working tirelessly to improve both in quality and quantity. As a result, HISS is now recognized as the largest summer school program in Korea. HISS still maintains its original goal of introducing Korea, but is now far more inclusive and an extensive, offering various activities such as the Han River Cruise Party, Boryeong Mud Festival, and a visit to SM TOWN for K-pop fans. In comparison to last year, 143 additional students from 10 different countries participated as HISS students this summer. Not only did HISS offer students opportunities to partake in fun-filled events, but additionally, 126 more classes were offered in the 9 fields of Art & Design, Communication & Media, Business & Economics, Humanities, International Studies, Korean Studies & Language, Science & Math, Social Studies, and Engineering. Wrapping up four weeks Before the ceremony, students in graduation caps and gowns were busy mingling with friends and taking photos of their last moments at HISS. A mixture of relief, sadness, excitement, and enthusiasm could be seen on their faces as many took turns snapping photos in front of the designated photo wall. Even though the program lasted four weeks, the atmosphere of the ceremony did not seem different from any other graduations. As the clock reached 2:00 pm, the students found their seats, filling up the floor of the Olympic Gymnasium. The ceremony began with a congratulatory farewell speech from the Hanyang University President, Lee Young-moo and Michael Collins, a guest professor from the Dublin Institute of Technology, Ireland. Both congratulated all students for their hard work during the past four weeks and wished all students well as they returned to their home countries. Testimonials by a participating student and two international interns followed. Victoria Morrison from Wilkes University gave the first speech as the student representative. She energetically shared her own experience at HISS, describing herself as a normal university student and avid fan of K-pop and who loves to play and learn new things. Next, Beatriz Guintu from the New Jersey Institute of Technology and Sylvester Sia from the Singapore Institute of Management (SIM), gave their speeches. They were the first international interns at HISS, working for the Office of International Affairs. As students who were able to experience something a bit more unique, they gave testimonials of what they had experienced as international students and interns at HISS. 1 Students are congratulating each other after completing their 4-week course 2 HISS students are performing fan dance on stage 3 Graduates are taking commemorative photos against photo wall 4 A student is receiving a certificate from his professor By On Jung-yun (Student Reporter) global@hanyang.ac.kr

2018-08 24

[Infographics]2 Hanyang graduates became prosecutor through the Korean bar examination

On August 1, among the 21 newly hired law school graduates who passed the fourth bar exam, two graduates are from Hanyang University (9.5 percent), ranked to be the sixth highest among major universities in Korea. According to the analysis of newly hired prosecutor's affiliated college (who passed the 4th bar exam), 5 of them(23.8%) graduated from Korea University, 3 from Seoul National ·Sungkyunkwan·Yonsei University and Postech respectively, and 2 graduated from Hanyang University(9.5%). When it comes to its status by age, 9 of them are 31 years old (42.9 %), 4 are 32 years old(19%), 4 are 28 years old(19%), 3 are 29 years old(14.3%) and one 1 is 33 years old(4.8%). ▶ Link for the article of the law journal (only in Korean)

2018-07 01

[Special][Saranghandae] The Hanyang Global Lions

▲ Members of the Hanyang Global Lions pose together in front of the Administration Building As an ever-growing international institution, Hanyang University serves as a classroom to a growing number of foreign students every year. Roughly 1,300 students visit HYU on a yearly basis, and the number is expected to grow. However, the thirst for education alone does not provide the necessary essentials for students studying on foreign soil. They require assistance with settling into their new environment in addition to activities outside of the curriculum in order to fully savor their experience. The Hanyang Global Lions was created precisely for this purpose. A Friend in Need As an affiliate organization under the Office of International Affairs, the main goal of the Hanyang Global Lions is to instill a sense of identity to foreign students as a member of Hanyang University. According to Hong Seung-woo, the current supervisor of the organization, “the vast majority of exchange students simply pass through the school as temporary visitors, with their stay varying from a single semester to a full year.” They are usually not even aware of the wide array of school events and activities until they take place. Foreign students need assistance adapting to general campus life, and the office wants to improve the satisfaction of their stay. “And what better way to do so than to help them make a friend?” answered Hong. Although there have been some efforts to facilitate foreign students settling into campus life, the Hanyang Global Lions is the first official organization created solely for this purpose. It is also worth noting that their operations revolve closely around the ideas of student members. Hong explained that the planning of projects is largely delegated by the students who prepare the project proposals in great details, from theme, budget, and means of transportation. “Aside from financial support, the role of the Office of International Affairs is to revise the project plans to make them more feasible,” explained Hong. He added that since the student members are the ones who directly interact with foreign students, he tries his best to guarantee their autonomy. In order to learn more about the Hanyang Global Lions in greater depth, an interview was conducted with Jang Su-bin (Division of International Studies 15) and Oh Jin-kyu (Business Administration 17). The two students were members of the executive team, which consisted of the president and four directors, each in charge of Student Support, External Cooperation, Strategic Planning, and General Affairs. As heads of Student Support and General Affairs, Su-bin and Jin-kyu described what it was like to work in the Hanyang Global Lions and shared some of their most memorable experiences. Creating the Blue Print Some of the specific projects that the Hanyang Global Lions have directed are field trips to historic sites and tourist attractions, as well as tours in the city regarding themes such as cherry blossom festivals, K-pop, and so on. They also operate a buddy matching program called HY-buddy, which designates a buddy for exchange students to help out with course applications, campus tours, and even language guidance. Subin and Jinkyu spoke on behalf of the Hanyang Global Lions when they expressed deep satisfaction with their work environment. “Many of our ideas are accommodated by the office, and it’s just a great opportunity to be able to plan, operate, and receive feedback on projects designed on our own,” explained Su-bin. So far, their results seem quite successful. Not only do foreign students find the program extremely helpful, the student members find it fulfilling. According to Jin-kyu, “Not only do we help foreign students, we also gain special memories.” However, this does not come without costs. As a new organization, the Hanyang Global Lions is under construction work. Conferencing among members as well as executives takes place on a frequent basis, which often takes up many hours. The two students agreed that this was a period of establishing the fundamentals of the organization, which will contribute to its future operations. Supervisor Hong added that trial and error is natural at this point, and that with the dedication that he has witnessed from the students, the Hanyang Global Lions will become a respected organization in time. The ultimate goal of the Hanyang Global Lions is to create a ubiquitous interface among foreign students and ordinary Korean students, so that they can feel like a genuine student at HYU. As an organization that members can feel a strong sense of pride, fulfillment, and belonging to the school, the two interviewees strongly urged HYU students to join the Hanyang Global Lions. Furthermore, supervisor Hong encourages foreign students to participate in their various programs, as he believes that it is one of the best ways to improve the quality of their experience in Korea. ▲ The Hanyang Global Lions touring the Seodaemun Prison History Hall By Lee Chang-hyun (Student Reporter) global@hanyang.ac.kr

2018-06 26

[Special][Card News] [Excellent R&D] Organic-Inorganic Hybrid Multi Layers

▲ Click to read the English article - [Excellent R&D] Organic-Inorganic Hybrid Multi Layers

2018-06 10

[Opinion][Op-ed] Hidden Camera Epidemic

More than 12,000 women from different cities gathered in front of Hyehwa Station in Seoul on May 19th. Chanting slogans such as “fair investigations” and “the same punishment for the same crime,” the protest reflected the collective emotional response from women that were triggered by the Hongik University male nude model hidden camera incident. The perpetrator of the incident was arrested just 12 days after the crime, whereas for incidents victimizing females, even when evidence is "collected and taken to the police,” they are said to be “impossible to find the perpetrator.” Such uproar comes from a deeply rooted mix of fear and distress that most South Korean women face everyday regarding hidden camera issues. Hyehwa Station protest on May 19th against supposedly biased investigation processes, after the Hongik University male nude model incident. (Photo courtesy of Yonhap News) The South Korean government censors all obscene materials including hardcore pornography. As it is illegal to distribute porn or any explicit display of sexual acts or body parts, there is an alarming amount of hidden camera (spy cam) footage or revenge porn (filmed with spy cams) online. Such illicit footage is often shot discreetly without the consent of the participants with smartphones or cameras, and are distributed without their knowledge. The problem has been aggravated over the years by the availability and accessibility of miniature cameras that come in all shapes and sizes. The proliferation of spy cam footage and revenge porn has always been an issue. In 2004, the government advised all cellular phone manufacturers to disable the muting of the shutter sound for camera phones in order to prevent inappropriate pictures being taken in crowded public places. However, around 2010, spy cameras became easily available for average citizens thanks to the advancement of technology. According to a miniature camera dealer in Yongsan, cameras in the form of smartphone cases, business card wallets, car keys, water bottles, and lighters are popular. There are even miniature cameras with night vision so one can film in the dark without being caught. Such cameras cost from around 100k won to 250k won, and one can film for about 3.5 hours max. (Photo courtesy of Yonhap News) According to statistics provided by the Korean National Police Agency, the number of crimes involving illegal photography and clips have increased sevenfold over the past few years, from 1,134 (2010) to 7,623 (2015), consisting of 84 percent women and 2.3 percent men. In 2018, 1,288 suspects in hidden-camera cases caught in January through mid-May were nearly all men. Such data naturally drives women to pick up defensive habits to protect themselves from sexual predators, such as scanning the corners of public bathrooms, and checking holes and nails in unusual spots. Of course, the issue does not solely target women, as men are also victimized at times as seen in the cases of Sogang University, Korea University, Sungkyunkwan University, and Hanyang University (ERICA campus), where males using restrooms also fell victims to hidden cameras. Starting from May 17th, 100days of concentrated crack down on female-targeted sexual crimes began, while the police partnered with universities such as the Hanyang ERICA Campus, for hidden camera inspections of campus bathrooms. (Photo courtesy of kpilbo.com) The fear does not just come from becoming a victim, but that the footage taken in all kinds of places may be shared on social media. Such footage is so difficult to take down, that out of 15,000 removal requests the Korea communications commission received over the past three years, only 3.7 percent (570) were erased. For some victims, they end up in prostitution after losing their jobs and social status, forced to spend about three million won each month to keep the contents off the internet. It seems that the aggravation of the issue has three main causes. First, the problem is that spycam or revenge porn is seen as just another genre of porn catering to different tastes, instead of as a criminal violation of women’s privacy. Supply and demand always have a correlation, and to prevent this, thorough sexual education on these subjects is definitely needed. Second, there needs to be a more specified legal definition of obscenity, allowing a stronger crackdown on, enforcement of, and punishment for these types of crimes. Lastly, awareness needs to be raised in order to prevent unhelpful police officers who fail to suffice the victims’ needs. Thankfully, legilation that would force perpetrators to pay for all the costs of deleting the footage they had spread, among other amendments, are in the process of being implemented in hopes of strengthening the prevention of and the prosecution process of digital sexual crimes. Park Joo-hyun julia1114@hanyang.ac.kr

2018-06 07

[Special]2018 Spring Festival: Enjoyable Festival Without Alcohol, RACHIOS!

Lions, who really know how to relax and have a good time, gathered together for the annual school festival. There was a lot of confusion this year due to the prohibition on selling alcohol, but the festival was a success. The student council said that under the theme of Rachios: Bisang, they showed their desire to offer different types of entertainment. Let's take a glimpse of the day and night of the Seoul Campus Festival, which were a brilliant variety of events and performances by many singers. ▲ One, wo three~! A picture of a student posing for a 'life photo' at the HY-lion exhibition in front of the main building. ▲ The college student game contest finals held by various universities was held at the Seoul campus. The outdoor theater, full of tension, was crowded with spectators. ▲On the 24th of last month, on the night of the first successful day of the festival, the campus was packed with more people. ▲ During the three days of the festival, there were club performances in Hanmadang. This performer is singing a ballad song in a sweet voice that suited the cool weather. ▲ Students are enjoying the cheerleading performance. ▲ Singer Yunha, who visited Seoul campus, had a good time with the students of Hanyang on the 23rd. ▲ Singer 10cm performced in the final concert on the evening of the 23rd . He was touched and his eyes filled with tears by the audience's group singing.

2018-05 21

[Opinion]The Future of Korean Energy Development

As a country with very scarce natural energy resources, Korea depends heavily on foreign oil fields and mines to facilitate domestic energy production. With the recent success of investments in the marine oil fields in Vietnam, the national discussion on the current state of foreign energy projects and a prospective direction for policy improvements has emerged. The reason that the investment in the oil field in Vietnam has been in the spotlight is due to the patience that was required for its success. Having purchased the rights to investigate and draw oil from the area in 1992, a notable victory considering that the competitors were global oil conglomerates, it took a lot long for the mines to actually start generating surpluses. The 1997 financial crisis had taken an especially heavy toll, as the lack of foreign currency led to the disposal of a considerable number of foreign mines. However, some that were retained with great patience are now incredibly profitable. A photo of an oil reserve off the coast of Vietnam (Photo courtesy of Oil & Gas Vietnam) The nature of foreign energy projects requires extreme patience and discretion. Aside from the vast amount of capital necessary for investigations and infrastructure, it takes about 7 to 15 years to see the generation of profit. Furthermore, the odds are against the discovery of oil or gas lines in the first place, leading to an approximately 15 percent chance of successful investment. An example case of failure in foreign energy investment is the purchase of shares in the copper mines of Santo Domingo, Chile. With nearly 500 billion Korean won worth of investments made, the project seems to be doomed without having extracted a single kilo of copper. Among numerous reasons for this devastating failure, the predominant reason concluded by experts is the shortfall of government policies and supervision. A photo of the coppermines in Santo Domingo, Chile (Photo courtesy of Mining Technology) According to experts, the domestic method of assessing performance is errored, as it does not distinguish resources that can or cannot be delivered to the domestic market. Furthermore, the structure of foreign projects leaves the blame of failure on public corporations. There was also a lack of a supervising entities to overlook the projects. Aside from policy errors, there is also a lack of proficient analysis of projects. According to Jung Woo-jin, the former head of the Resource Development Strategy Division of The Korea Energy Economics Institute, there is a dire need to distinguish the causes of foreign project failures from policy failures, corruption, and oil price fluctuations. With the new government claiming to be reforming the energy sector, much discretion is called for in the design and implementation of policies regarding foreign energy projects. Furthermore, aside from the success of resource extractions, the government must also set new standards for the future of energy consumption. With recent research findings that have linked the national level of fine dust to thermal power plants, it is clear that our current method of energy production and consumption is not sustainable. The government is therefore burdened with the task of conducting a great deal of discussion and implementing improvements to ensure the sustainable development of our nation. The levels of fine dust have grown increasingly hazardous in Korea, with many concerns facing the energy sector after the discovery that linked fine dust levels with residue from thermal energy plants (Photo courtesy of Wikipedia).

2018-05 15

[Opinion][Op-ed] Not a Princess Anymore

On April 2018, the former vice president of Hanjin Group (a South Korean conglomerate), Cho Hyun-min (also known as Emily Cho), was accused of splashing a cup of water on a member of an advertisement agency. As she is the younger sister of Cho Hyun-ah (also known as Heather Cho), infamously known for her "nut rage," the media and the public paid close attention to the issue. People have generally been raging at the Cho family’s attitude of acting as a royal family. This negative sentiment of the public has led to more testimonials, exposure, and proof of the past behaviors of the Cho family. Cho Hyun-ah (Heather) is leaving the court after her second trial. (Photo courtesy of Hankyoreh) The peanut-return On a Korean airplane at John F. Kennedy International Airport heading to Incheon, Heather Cho was on her way back home in a first-class seat. A flight attendant offered her a bag of macadamia nuts as part of the service. She famously became outraged by the fact that the package was given unopened rather than having the nuts opened and served on a plate. Cho then made the flight attendant kneel down and apologize, and she repeatedly struck his knuckles with her tablet PC. She did not stop there and even made the whole plane with more than 200 people aboard return to the airport just to force the flight attendant off the plane. This incident was dubbed as the "peanut-return" or the "nut rage," and became an internationally notorious story. Cho was sentenced to 12 months in prison for obstructing aviation safety, and she resigned her vice chairman position from Hanjin Group. Although she only served three months and returned to management soon, many Korean people still remember the incident as one of the many cases of chaebol , or family-run conglomerates, abusing their power. Commonly referred to as gabjil, it is not surprising anymore if the chairman of a big company yells at his driver for trivial issues or at his children for mocking "commoners" on social media. However, Cho Hyun-ah’s behavior was one of the most extreme cases that Korean people had ever heard of, and that is why people were angry at the whole family when her sister Cho Hyun-min turned out to be treating her underlings with zero respect as well. Cho Hyun-min (Emily) and her short apology on her Facebook wall which says, "I apologize for my foolish behavior." (Photo courtesy of SBS) The water-rage leading up to investigations After the accusation of her throwing a cup of water at a person during a meeting, there was the publication by an insider of recordings of her screaming at her staff. She did not hesitate to shout, scream, or swear, and she seemed to disregard others' ears. “Don’t you know who I am?”, “You are going to go and trash talk behind me, aren't you?”, and “I know people can hear,” are some of her words in the recordings. Most people's common sense informs them that a boss cannot physically or emotionally abuse his or her staff; however, it turned out that it wasseen as okay to do in the Cho family. Emily and Heather’s mother was also charged with physical violence towards Hanjin Group employees. These sets of behaviors made the public as well as the employees outrage. About 400 former and present workers of Korean Air went to the streets of Gwanghwa-mun, demanding the Cho family to step down from management. The pilot labor union also demonstrated with candle lights for the same matter. Several posts petitioned the Blue House to request that the name of Korean Air change, as their behavior is damaging the reputation of Korea as a whole. The one with the most signatures was signed by 5,136 people. A whole episode on the 9th of May's KBS's "In Depth 60 Minutes" was dedicated to the Cho family’s illegal deeds and misbehaviors. The public rage also led to additional testimonies on possible tax evasion by the family. Cho Yang-ho, the chairman, is now accused of evading inheritance tax totaling 5 billion won, and, based on a number of whistle-blowers, there is now an investigation looking into uncovering the illegal smuggling of goods . As the gabjil culture is fairly spread in Korean culture, regardless of the amount of wealth one owns, it seems quite hopeful that people are trying to change such an atmosphere by condemning the arrogant, disrespectful behavior of the chaebol families. We should keep an eye on the issue of Hanjin Group’s heiress issues but also on our everyday lives where gabjil can happen much more often, although on a lighter scale. Kim So-yun dash070@hanyang.ac.kr

2018-05 09

[Special][Saranghandae] A Big Step to Promote Global Communication

Just a few years ago, the translations for the official Hanyang website were in a state of catastrophe. There was no consistency in the terminology used, and there was an overall insufficiency of contents available in foreign languages. This frail structure soon became a bigger problem as the university gradually increased its engagement in international programs, such as exchange student programs, foreign internships, and language institutes. So what changed all of this? The answer is the Global Communication Committee (GCC). First initiated to address the inconsistencies in the various English titles within the university organization, GCC has extended its role to facilitate Hanyang University’s expansion of activities on a global platform. Providing a wide array of linguistic assistance in English and Chinese, it is now considered an integral tool on Hanyang’s path to becoming a truly global institution. ▲ (from the right) professor Ben Park, Jessica Warren, student assistant Park Hye-jung, Kwon Hee-jung, Nam Hyo-jin Introducing the Global Communication Committee Established in March of 2016, GCC consists of two departments that respectively handle content in English and Chinese. The English department consists of two professors and three graduate student assistants while the Chinese department is made up of one professor with two student assistants. There is also a supervisor and a chairperson who oversee the entire project. Situated on the fourth floor of the new Administration Building, GCC engages in four main activities: 1. Translating promotional content created by the Media Strategy Center, 2. Translating and managing English/Chinese content on the official website of Hanyang University, 3. Translating and consenting of key public documents generated from other departments, 4. Serving in a committee that establishes the official names and titles that exist within Hanyang University. Delving a little deeper into what GCC does, one of their major tasks is translating news articles written by student reporters. In an effort to share recent and noteworthy news with the foreign faculty and students, GCC took special attention in making these articles available in other languages. Regarding the process of translations, much of the writings are done by the student assistants, who then send their work to the professors who work for GCC for review and editing. In addition to news articles, GCC provides English versions of various notifications and updates from the university, which foreign students had trouble comprehending in the past. Other specific tasks include revising the English versions of congratulatory remarks given in major school events such as the bi-annual Paiknam Prize ceremony, and the university’s entrance/graduation ceremonies. The last role of GCC that cannot be stressed enough is the designation of official names for school departments and various titles. In the past, when these titles were translated freely by individuals, there was major confusion among foreign students and professors when discussing certain departments or facilities. Furthermore, the lack of an official, organizational title itself was a major breach in the university’s global competency. At the end of 2017, GCC had provided official titles for all departments, facilities, and faculty positions for Hanyang University. Furthermore, throughout the year, GCC had serviced 67 requests for translation from other departments, published 7 different printed forms of magazines, brochures, and catalogues, and uploaded 285 English news articles as well as 135 in Chinese. "Providing a wide array of linguistic assistance in English and Chinese, it is now considered an integral tool on Hanyang’s path to becoming a truly global institution." The engines behind the committee Ben Park and Jessica Warren are the two professors in charge of the final editing of the various English documents that pass through GCC. Whether it is a letter to be sent to a partner university, or a compilation of a new faculty manual, it is only after Ben and Jessica give consent that they become the official work of Hanyang University. “It’s a very important job. I had often heard from my colleagues that the English translation of the website was, quite frankly, embarrassing. I feel proud of how much progress we’ve made,” commented Ben. The two professors also work for the Center for Creative Convergence Education, where they teach classes such as Professional Academic English and Presentation and Writing Skills in English. It has not been long since Ben and Jessica began working for GCC. Ben began working for GCC in the fall semester of 2017 and Jessica since March of 2018. Prior to their position with GCC, Jessica had worked extensively in the field of English editing. For her, the biggest change in her work as a member of GCC is that the result of her revisions is now much more influential in scope and depth. As she was used to instructing students on a one-on-one basis, her editing tasks for GCC involve the production of something that so many people will see and be affected by was eye awakening. “My proudest moment while working for GCC was taking part in the translation of the new attendance program and its manual,” mentioned Jessica. She explained that her participation felt like a direct and practical effort in helping her English speaking colleagues.Ben has also had extensive experience in editing from his years as an ESL teacher in the United States. As such, he places quite an emphasis on the grammatical soundness of the papers he receives. “I try as much as I can to keep to the original structure intended by the writer,” answered Ben. For him, the hardest part of the job was editing translations that still had a Korean fixture. “Direct translations are usually very dense and awkward. It takes strict mental work to figure them out.” On the other hand, Jessica confessed that she finds these pieces entertaining, in a way that is similar to a puzzle. Either way, it was clear that both professors held great pride and interest in their role with GCC. They also agreed that they were surprised at how many programs and systems the university has in place for its students, and that the thought of making these opportunities more accessible to Executive Vice President Lee Sung-chull ▲ Executive Vice President , Lee Sung-chull Executive Vice President Lee Sung-chull is the founder and current chairperson of GCC. Also having served as the first Dean of the Division of International Studies, he has dedicated his time at Hanyang University by nurturing its global capacity. According to Dr. Lee, the main motivation for the establishment of GCC was the lack of a systematic management in its English affairs, despite the significant scale of our university. “Not only were all of the names of our buildings different, but professors and students could only check school notifications in Korean, and various English publications in the university were coordinated at the individual department level.” He also added that it imposed embarrassing complications when corresponding with foreign institutions. Executive Vice President, Dr. Lee expressed his satisfaction about the progress that GCC has made so far. “Every department, building, and infrastructure now has an official name, and we have sorted out the complicated number of titles for the professors.” Furthermore, he was very content with how the university website has turned out. He felt that what had consisted of rigid, direct translations is now very smooth and natural. Moreover, he felt that the visual design and concept of the improved website went beyond the domain of words, creating a welcoming platform for everyone. Meanwhile, he desires to make GCC more widely known. Though he was happy to hear that there was a steady growth in the requests for translation from other departments, he sought to position GCC in a more integral role at Hanyang University. “We are currently catering to English and Chinese, the two most commonly used languages on our campus. But as Hanyang University grows more global, there will be further expansion of languages as well as faculties to meet this new demand.” Emphasizing the ‘Communication’ in the name, Global Communication Committee, Executive Vice President, Dr. Lee has expressed hope that the committee will not just facilitate communication with foreign institutions, but amongst ourselves as members of Hanyang. With such dedication and support from all levels of GCC, Dr. Lee’ s aspirations do not seem very far-fetched. By Lee Chang-hyun (Student Reporter) global@hanyang.ac.kr

2018-05 07

[Opinion][Op-ed] Cautious Step Towards a Peaceful Peninsula

Until just a few days ago, North and South Korea had different time zones even though the two nations are basically part of one land. According to state media, North Korea turned its country’s clocks forward by 30 minutes beginning at 23:30 local time on Friday, a week after the inter-Korean summit. While the extra 30 minutes was originally a stand against “wicked Japanese imperialists,” the new time zone was seen by the press as “the first practical step” in speeding up unification. Rough past After World War II ended, the Korean peninsula was divided into a communist North and a democratic South. As one of the few remaining communistic countries with closed borders, North Korea was always the isolated evil minion constantly developing nuclear weapons as its protection measure against the “threats of the outer world.” The news was constantly full of stories about how it had successfully launched a missile, or how it was making progress with its nuclear weapons as a response whenever the U.S., Japan, or any other country strongly criticized them or implemented sanctions against them. After several missile launches, it pushed the U.S. and South Korea to execute major war drills that involved three American aircraft carrier strike groups in a massive show of force, which only drew the anger of North Korea. Things only grew worse as the U.S. and North Korea blacklisted each other as terrorist countries, and the rogue nation launched a ballistic missile that gave cause for more sanctions by other countries. Later on, even China presented a united front with South Korea over the North Korean standoff. Kim Jong-un (leader of North Korea - left) and Moon Jae-in (South Korean President - right) crossing the demarcation line (Photo Courtesy of voanews.com) After the North’s missile launches and its sixth nuclear test, the relations between North and South Korea were already at their lowest level, which put many around the world in fear of a possible outbreak of war. There were numerous pranks on Youtube about how North Korea had launched nuclear missiles headed towards the U.S.; the fact that many believed them showed how aware they were of the tensions and how much they feared the instability. Even the countless sanctions pushed forward by countries around the world seemed futile at this point. This was a serious matter, as the outbreak of war in the Far East involving both of the Koreas, China, Japan, Russia, and the U.S. could only mean a World War III. Luckily, this downhill road changed its course as the North started to show interest in peaceful talks. 4.27 Inter-Korean summit The summit took place after the two sides held several meetings in preparation for joint attendance at the 2018 Pyeongchang Winter Olympics. Surprisingly, the North initially brought forward the idea of holding peaceful talks which would even include the North Korean nuclear weapons program and the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula. The historical moment for the two countries, after more than a decade, was held outside the Peace House at Panmunjom. The meeting started out with Kim Jong-un and Moon Jae-in shaking hands over the demarcation line, which was broadcasted live. Route of the talks held in Panmunjom (military compound in the demilitarized zone (DMZ) between the two countries) (Photo Courtesy of bbc.com) After a full day of sharing Korean traditional dishes, conducting ceremonies such as the tree-planting ceremony which used soil and water from both sides, and marching with the South Korean military honor guard, the summit came to a peaceful end with several positive outcomes. These were all stated in the Panmunjom Declaration signed happily by both countries including commitments to “a nuclear-free Korean peninsula,” an end to “hostile activities” between the two countries, the changing of the demilitarized zone (DMZ) into a “peace zone,” the cessation of propaganda broadcasts, arms reduction in the region pending the easing of military tension, a push for four-way talks involving the U.S. and China aimed at turning the armistice that ended the Korean war into a peace treaty, the reunion of families that were divided by the war, and further joint participation in sporting events including this year’s Asian Games. Cautious optimism Whilst many may release a sigh of relief and look forward to a unified Korea with no more nuclear threats, some take a more cautious stance as to why Kim even agreed to hold a summit in the first place. One of several reasons why Kim may have opened up is the sanctions that acted as a new reality check. According to data, North Korea’s economy has been taking a hit from the sanctions as its exports declined by 30-35% last year. China played a major role in this as it is North Korea’s biggest trading partner. Another critical view of the summit was that while the meeting was encouraging, the long history of North Korea’s development of nuclear weapons should quell any over-optimistic about the situation. Kim and Moon during the tree-planting ceremony. (Photo Courtesy of theguardian.com) It is true that Kim’s interest in holding peace summits and being open to and gladly signing a treaty that is committed to the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula despite the unresolved issue of the presence of American troops, do seem rather abrupt. This is especially true since the Panmunjom Declaration did not specify what Kim expected in return for abandoning his nuclear weapons, which were supposed to be the North’s best deterrent against the “hostile U.S.” Thus, this huge step towards a peaceful Peninsula definitely seems a bit confusing. Was it simply because past South Korean presidents were bad at negotiating? Is it because Moon is exceptionally open and inviting? Is it really because Kim felt the threat of a failing economy and a failing regime? Whatever the true intentions behind Kim’s sudden change in stance is, the 2018 inter-Korean summit and the Panmunjom Declaration definitely left a mark on history as a starting point for peace, with all eyes from around the world watching it full of hope. Park Joo-hyun julia1114@hanyang.ac.kr