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2018-03 06

[Opinion][Op-ed] The Backstage of the Olympics, Gwandong Hockey Center

The 2018 Pyeongchang Olympics finished successfully thanks to millions of people participating and lending a hand to the procedures of the Olympics. I myself also took part in the Gwandong Hockey Center, as a translator in the Sports Presentation Department (SPP) for 18 days. The actual field of the Olympics required much more work than normal people think and was concluded successfully due to the participants’ hard work. What was my job? The Olympics do not require solely the players on the field. For a game to run, announcers have to tell the crowd what’s going on and increase their excitement through music and videos. Various entertainment consisting of celebrity appearances and unique events during the intermission periods are also required. All of these tasks listed above are accomplished through the SPP. They mostly work inside the control room, divided as the audio, video, entertainment team and the announcers. Therefore, all of the videos, excluding the actual broadcast of the games, and all of the sound the spectators hear are the result of the SPP’s work. Within these complicated procedures, I worked as a translator on the video team, in the SPP of the Gwandong Hockey Center. The blue box seen in the center of the picture is the control room. As the Olympics are an international event, it is not only Koreans working behind the stage. On the video team, the team directors were American, with the rest of the video team – the editors, playback operators, camera directors and the runners being Korean. That meant that the translators had to know everything going on in the video team and had to make simultaneous translations during the whole Olympic period. Each person on the video team had their own roles, and translators had the extra job of writing daily reports related to all of the videos played that day. The SPPs schedule’ was decided by the number of games that day. People would go to work four hours before the start of the first game. The doors for the spectators open an hour and a half before the game, meaning they have to be fully ready in two hours. Therefore, when we had three games, we had to leave our accommodation at 7:20 a.m. in the morning and come back around 12:30 to 1:00 a.m. at night. People generally had four hours of sleep everyday and then continued their work. Playback operators checked new daily videos and kept track of them while the editors made new highlight videos of the games and various announcement videos. The camera directors and the runners went through the events and performances planned for the day, since their filming had to be played live on the electronic display board. All questions, instructions and comments were translated by me, including the cameras filming events and performances. Each and every one in the Olympics worked hard behind the scenes. The woman hockey, Team Corea Not only was Gwandong Hockey Center my workplace, but it was also the center of attention during the Olympics. North and South Korea’s unified team played in the Gwandong Hockey Center, pulling in great attention worldwide. Even though Team Corea lost their matches, media outlets around the world payed attention to the games and the incidents surrounding them. Personally, being able to watch all of the incidents going on in the arena, I was able to come back home with unique experiences. After Team Corea's game ended, loud cheers were heard in the arena. The cheer squad in red also caught the spectators' eyes during the game. During the first game of Team Corea, North Korea’s cheering squad was present in the arena. As I normally stand beside the stage before the game and during intermissions, I was able to have a full view of the spectators and was able to see flocks of red. Endless lines of women in red clothes entered, filling up the seats one by one in several groups all around the arena. They seemed to stay still, but all of a sudden, they started cheering all at once. They continued cheering during the pre-games and intermissions, with no one leaving for the bathroom whatsoever. Moreover, quite a lot of people from our country also participated in the cheers, making the arena even more active. This however resulted in all of the SPP outside the control room to have problems listening to the intercom, which was essential to continue our events and performances. As the translator, I stood with the camera director beside the stage and the speakers. I had already been struggling to hear over the loud noises, but I had to increase the volume of the intercom to the highest level in order to translate the director’s words accurately. The attendance of the cheer squad was indeed meaningful, but at the same time gave hardships to workers like us. There were a couple more incidents related to Team Corea’s games even after the first game. These gave me headaches as a staff. However, looking back at it, they were such unique experiences that no one else could ever have had. A group photo of the SPP crew. A lot more people than you think were behind the scenes during the Olympics. 18 days of lack of sleep and tension are now finished. Everyone was extremely stressed out and sharp to finish the Olympics successfully, but still had each other to rely on. I was able to meet such passionate, enthusiastic people in their own areas, and am extremely glad such a chance like this came across to me. On Jung-yun Photos by On Jung-yun

2018-03 01

[Special][Saranghandae] Hanyang University: A National Hub

Business. Theater and film. Electronics and computer engineering. Each with different majors, motives, and even nationality, one thing that ties an otherwise random group of students together is their identity as a Hanyang University student. Attending to a growing influx of students from all around the world, HYU shares the stories of three foreign students who are looking forward to and looking back on, their days in HYU. In an era of collapsing international borders, Hanyang University is serving as a major port for students looking to set foot in Korea. Korea, a country that has achieved economic development of unprecedented scale and speed, served as a benchmark case for many countries and economists. With leading manufacturers and experts in various fields such as telecommunication, semiconductors, and medicine, Korea also serves as a crucial hub for research and business. In recent years, the growth of Korean pop culture referred to as Hallyu, also known as the Korean wave, became another factor of attraction for foreigners. Among this crowd, a growing number of international students are turning to Korea as their destination for education and adventure. In turn, the role that HYU plays in catering to various academic interests and career pursuits of international students has gradually developed over the years. All Abroad Kim Yekaterina(Electronics and Computer Engineering 17) and Gustavo Kawashita(Theater and Film 17) have received their acceptance letters not much long ago. Excitement and laughter were shared as they traded stories of their initial experience in HYU. The first thing they related to was their reason for coming to Korea; extensive education. Yekaterina was from Kazakhstan, where she had already finished her bachelor program in telecommunications. The sole purpose of her decision to come to Korea was to continue her education, and Korea happened to be one of the most prominent countries in the field of telecommunications. For Gustavo, who is from Brazil, the purpose of his venture was to learn the ins and outs of Korean production. First captured by Korean culture through K-pop, Gustavo recalled that his first Korean film, Old Boy, left him mesmerized. “I felt that Korean productions had their own color, different from Japanese, American, or Brazilian productions”. As a student already deeply involved in photography, filming, and editing, he felt a strong desire to study and understand how Korean films and soap operas were created. Although their areas of interest had not much in common, Yekaterina and Gustavo both shared an urge to learn from Korea in their respective fields. They both added that Korea also offered more scholarship opportunities than most countries. Another common trait was how they decided on HYU as their destination. Having no prior knowledge of Korean universities, Yekaterina and Gustavo referred to a list of Korean university ranking. HYU had a reputable program in their respective fields, which led them to their decisions. In addition, the two students shared great empathy in their experiences learning the Korean language. Having studied in the Hanyang Institute of International Education both students recalled how difficult it was to learn Korean in the beginning. “Looking back, the language institute helped me learn Korean very efficiently within the time that I was given. However, it was often stressful at the time, as they pushed us to study a lot” Gustavo answered. Yekaterina replied that she can now verbally express 60 to 70 percent of her thoughts in Korean, and expects that it will take about two more years for her to communicate her emotions to full extent. Both students pointed out that finding the right words to express their exact feelings was the hardest barrier at the moment. Despite their similarities, the Hanyang experience that Yekaterina and Gustavo are living is quite different from one another. For one, Yekaterina is in a graduate program, where extensive research and studying is required from her. She explained that the form of education in Korea is very different from that of Kazakhstan or the United States. “The Korean way of education is stressful but very efficient. I am learning more intensively compared to my undergraduate years”. Meanwhile, Gustavo is in an undergraduate program, getting used to life as a university student in Korea in the same manner as his peers. He expressed happiness as he talked of his experiences making new friends and attending department events. The change in the perception of Korea and Koreans were also quite different. Regarding stereotypes and misconceptions, Gustavo answered that he did not have much understanding or bias about Koreans before his visit. However, he soon began observing and understanding how Koreans lived and interacted. He pointed out the language institute as having played a great role in his understanding of Korean culture, as it was his initial place of education and interaction. Although there were many similarities between Koreans and Brazilians, such as being energetic, passionate, and that Gustavo noticed was the social form of respect. Though both cultures cherish the value of respect, he pointed out that there was a stricter form of hierarchy in Korea. He confessed that he was initially very cautious about talking to professors or seniors in his department. However, he is now grateful, as it was an experience that made him more open and respectful of other cultures. Yekaterina explained that there is a stereotype in Kazakhstan that Koreans do not get angry. There is a perception that Korean people are generally kind and gentle. She laughed as she added that no one completely believes it. “It obviously couldn’t be true. How could humans not get angry?”. Also, she mentioned that there is a wide belief that Koreans are quick to hide their emotions. After spending a year at HYU, Yekaterina realized that although most of the stereotypes were not true, she understood how they came to be. “Koreans are very strict about their attitude in the public and personal environment. People are very professional and strict in their workplace, but become much more expressive and friendly after work”. She jokingly added that it becomes even more so when people get together to drink after work, a gathering quite common in Korea. Kim Yekaterina Gustavo Kawashita Li Yu(李宇) "More often than not, you will discover that Korean students were eager to help you out." Bon voyage Li Yu(Business Administration 14) is a student from China, who entered Hanyang University with a dream to establish a business that connects Korea and China. Graduating this year, he plans to continue his study in HYU, pursuing a master’s degree in the Department of Strategic Management. Recalling the moment of his decision to come to Korea and Hanyang University, he began by explaining his heritage. Referred to as the Chosun race, Yu belongs to a nationality that shares its roots in both Korea and China. Therefore, the two cultures were naturally quite familiar to him, providing him with an insight in planning a business venture between the two countries. Yu’s decision to enter Hanyang University was deeply influenced by his cousin, who was himself a graduate of the Business Administrations department. He advised Yu that the Hanyang business courses revolved around the principle of entrepreneurship, supporting start-up ventures and business establishments. Recognizing a critical relation to his future goals, Yu applied to the department of Business Administrations Looking back on his years as an undergraduate, Yu expressed satisfaction and happiness. “There are hardly any negative memories that I can recall”. He confessed that it was difficult to make friends at first, as he did not share the same life experiences with his peers. “I grew up in a different environment, and it was hard to find a common trait”. However, he was approached by many friends who were interested and curious about Chinese culture. Furthermore, he was part of a start-up club in the Business Administration department, where Chinese and Korean students with similar ideas could be paired into start-up groups. There he made many friends with similar interests and hobbies. Yu also had a part-time job in the Office of International Affairs until his graduation, where he developed a sense of solidarity with the school staff. In addition, he was given a number of opportunities to travel in Korea, supported through scholarships and various programs. “I think I spent more money on travels in China than in Korea”. As a word of advice for fellow international students entering HYU, Yu emphasized the importance of approaching with a smile. “From my experience, Korean students are just as willing to become friends as we are. Most of the time, both parties just find it too awkward to talk to each other. Whether it’s getting help with something or befriending someone, just find the courage to approach with a smile. More often than not, you will discover that Korean students were eager to help you out”. By. Lee Chang-hyun(student reporter)

2018-02 12

[Special]Changing Events for Freshmen

The freshmen of 2018 only have a few weeks left until they begin a brand new chapter in their university life. Before becoming an actual university student, various freshman events are usually prepared for a better, more comfortable start. Student council members from all departments thoroughly prepare for the best event, as it is the first encounter between the new students and Hanyang University (HYU). However, various controversies have been arising and have required alteration. Before-semester programs for freshmen Commonly at HYU, there are two events prepared for freshmen. Commonly known as ‘Mi-teo’ and ‘Sae-teo’, freshmen have the chance to meet their seniors and friends. Mi-teo and sae-teo are usually the first event that freshmen face while they are awaiting the start of school. These events are not official but still take up a lot of a freshmen’s school life. They can not only meet their friends and seniors, but they can also receive information that helps them proceed in their school life. However, there is also a dark side to these events. Various divisions accommodate in various places. (Photo courtesy of HYU Division of International Studies) There have been constant issues at this time of year regarding sae-teo. Various incidents related to safety or sexual harassment have happened each year, and quite a lot of people have made opinions on these alterations. Currently in HYU, The student councils from all departments have been making new measures for better safety each year, hoping for improvement through frequent meetings. The Seoul Campus has started their first sae-teo with the College of Business on the 11th. However, a lot of discussion had taken place in order to make this year’s events happen. At the start of this year, the Ministry of Education announced that all 4-year-universities must “proceed the orientation in the school, only for a day without any accommodations.” This announcement was hard-pushed mentioning that each division’s budget can be reduced when proceeding with the sae-teo before March, as freshmen aren’t official students of HYU before then. As a lot of people were sensitive to safety issues, HYU could not ignore the announcement that came down from the Ministry of Education. Different programs have been made to allow freshmen to settle into school. (Photo courtesy of HYU Division of International Studies) A change needed in the long-run The presidents from all departments had extremely frequent meetings within the division and between other departments, as they had already been proceeding with these events. On the official Facebook page of HYU's emergency planning committee, a statement was uploaded explaining the difficulties of having to cancel all events that had been planned. After a number of meetings, the president of HYU allowed the planned events to proceed with a couple of divisions, cancelling or delaying the sae-teo. It is inevitable for the school to take a careful stance since the overall responsibility for student safety is on the school. As many students have to go out of school to accommodate their events in another area, the possibilities for accidents increases. Moreover, as alcohol is included in the midst of these events, even more accidents can occur. The various, so-called, ‘cultures’ of universities are one of the people’s most worrisome problems, such as talent shows and the forcing of one to drink. All divisions and departments of HYU are, therefore, eliminating these talent shows and are making extra education programs regarding alcohol and sexual harassment issues. While they might not be perfect, they are, indeed, trying their best. More consideration is needed for freshmen events. (Photo courtesy of Hanyang University) It is obvious that students should be safe no matter what. Issues regarding budgets and in-school orientations are again a problem that needs to be dealt with in the near future. A radical change is not something that gives the best result. A long-term solution and plan needs to be considered by both the school and the students, as they feel the problems surrounding them. The culture is already gradually changing. It is time to gradually speed up this procedure so that these freshmen events can still remain--with its strength emphasized to its best. On Jung-yun

2018-02 04

[Special]What is More than Meeting the Eye

Lookism is defined as a “discriminatory treatment toward physically unattractive people.” This stereotype is spread throughout all sorts of social settings, and affects an individual in the important parts of their lives as in employment, romantic relationships, and so on. The term “lookism” was coined in the 1970s, and despite that, the word came into being quite recently, the phenomenon had been existent since human interaction. Criticism concerning appearance-oriented preference dates back to ancient and medieval records, from a wide array of scholars and religious figures. However, a new word having been coined to dedicate itself to this issue well describes how much the society has grown to become aware of it in recent times. Korea is a country that has not escaped this phenomenon. In fact, it is one of the most deeply influenced countries with lookism, being a mecca of plastic surgery and a massive consumer of cosmetic goods. Teen lookism As a fair indicator of lookism, sales of beauty products for teenagers have grown substantially in recent years. According to data provided by SK Planet, which operates a major platform for online commerce, the overall sale of beauty products increased by 29 percent in 2017. The growth percentage had recorded 251 percent rise in the previous year. One of the most dramatic rises in sales was in lip products such as lipsticks or liptints targeted towards teenagers, which rose by 549 percent. Cosmetics, as a long held subject of consumption for women, has transcended to men, and now even to young children. A result of a survey conducted by the Korea Citation Index reported that 42.4 percent of elementary school students wear makeup, and 43.4 percent of them began applying makeup in the fifth grade. Children's cosmetic usage has become so prevalent that the South Korean government is under discussion to create a new cosmetic's category to monitor and mandate children's products under stricter standards for their safety. An array of self teaching contents can be accessed on the internet (Photo courtesy of Youtube) This increased focus on beauty products and appearance has diverse contributing factors. For one, the advanced telecommunication technology provides a means of advertisement more pervasive and aggressive than ever, and the increased number of media outlets sheds light on a plethora of celebrities or Youtube stars that teenagers look up to and mimic. Furthermore, e-commerce platforms and numerous blogs and videos regarding makeup tips and recommendations lowers the entry barrier of purchasing and learning to apply makeup. This and the perennial desire of teenagers to appear as adults provides the driving force for the surge in cosmetic sales. Lookism for the 20s According to a market report done by a professional market research firm, Trendmonitor, among Korea, China, and Taiwan, Koreans in their 20s to 30s have expressed the lowest satisfaction towards their appearance. This may suggest that Koreans have a higher standard of beauty, or a somewhat higher level of inferiority. Whatever the reason may be, Korean youth spend countless hours and money on their appearance. Aside from cosmetics, plastic surgery is definitely one of the most common means that Koreans turn to for aesthetic improvement. According to the Economist, although Korea came in 7th place when it comes to the absolute number of plastic surgery done, the number of plastic surgeries in ratio to the population was by far the highest. A curious phenomenon in Korea is “employment plastic surgery,” illustrating the growing group of people going under the knife to increase their chances of getting employed. Another growing field of aesthetic consumption is hair loss treatment for men. Although the issue is not much of a problem for women, it has become a critical problem for young men. The treatment cost for hair loss targeting men in their 20s has risen by 34.2 percent during the past 5 years, surpassing that of men in their 30s and even 40s. In addition to hair treatment, Korean men have maintained the highest rate of individual cosmetic spending since 2014, according to the Wall Street Journal. This suggests that Lookism affects both genders with growing intensity. An iconic image that illustrates the prevalence of plastic surgery in Korea (Photo courtesy of Allkpop) Spending for the older generations A new consumer group dubbed the “young forty” has received focus in 2017 with people in their late 30s to 40s spending more on their looks and interests. In addition to this trend, the idea of “You Only Live Once” (YOLO) has pervaded through to the late generation. Although YOLO, a term and idea that began in the United States, originally referred to the youth who take risks and adventures, the term has taken a slight turn in Korea. It has caught the attention of older people who have taken it as a reminder that the time to enjoy life is limited, and that it is “never too late" to do anything. As a result, the national spending on traveling, sports, entertainment, and of course, looks, have increased profoundly by people in their 40s. Furthermore, plastic surgery, especially those targeting the eyes, has become popular for people in their 40s to 50s. As for people in their 30s, a growing number of people invest in their looks as an outlet of their desire to stand out. As the majority of workers in their 30s live a somewhat uniform life, working in offices in similar outfits, their desire to be noticed as original and unique has led to increased spending on clothes, cosmetics, and plastic surgery. Their financial capacity allows them to indulge in their desires without too much financial pressure. Young forty is a term coined and popularized here in Korea. (Photo courtesy of Mediask) The implications of Lookism One of the things that make lookism so hard to criticize and contain is that it is deeply inherent for us to be drawn to people who possess physically desirable traits. However, in the social realm, this instinctive preference that once may have been related to survival has now become harder to defend. With increased awareness of equality and materialism, there is now a definitive breach of morals when lookism prevails in a certain social interaction. Although romantic relationships are still a large part of personal preference, opportunities of employment and education should never be hindered by lookism. The mandate of “blind recruitment,” the receiving of resumes that do not contain photos, is a recent and a rather very late change that Korea has taken to address this issue. On the other hand, another critical and complicated issue of lookism is the problem of who gets to decide the standard of beauty. So far, conglomerates of cosmetic products and media outlets have massively influenced the public ideal and standards of beauty. But then again, if being plump and healthy had been a standard of physical epitome in medieval times, is it so wrong for the standard to now be skinny and tall? Historically, it has been proven that an appearance-oriented preference has existed with or without conglomerates and businesses. Although the public and society subject lookism under a negative light, it is an issue that has been created by, and can only be solved through individual choices. One small, yet critical step that we could take is to become more aware of the choices we make even if we do indulge in lookism. Regardless of whether we believe that lookism is immoral or natural, thinking about how large of a factor physical appearance plays in our individual social interactions will eventually help us define how we want to address this issue. Lee Changhyun

2018-01 29

[Special][Op-ed] Unified Korean Women's Ice Hockey Team in PyeongChang

The 2018 PyeongChang Olympics is about to raise its curtains in 10 days. Aside from the fact that the Olympics is the quadrennial global festival, PyeongChang is drawing the world's attention because of the IOC's (International Olympic Committee) approval of a unified team of the two Koreas. Although the discussion of unified participation began back in 2011 during the foundation of the PyeongChang Organizing Committee for the 2018 Olympic & Paralympic Winter Games, the decision was made when the deadline for submission was way overdue due to the seemingly hasty decision to share the 22 player roster in women's hockey. South and North Korean ice hockey players are taking a photo after the 2017 IIHF Women's Ice hockey World Championship in April 6th, 2017. (Photo courtesy of Yonhap News) Ice hockey is considered ‘the game’ in winter Olympics. The South Korean National Ice Hockey Team has never made it to the Olympics because they were not qualified. Therefore, 2018 is the first year ever for Korea to play in the big game. The International Ice Hockey Federation and the International Skating Union approved Korea’s entry as part of a special favor for the hosting country. Granting entry for the hosting country was abolished in 2006, while the following Winter Olympics – Toronto and Sochi – were hosted by countries with strong ice hockey teams. Korea ranks 23rd internationally. The issue of the unified team in women’s ice hockey appeared on the table in early January after Kim Jong-un's new year's greeting speech where he expressed his positive opinion in participating in the PyeongChang Olympics. In the high-level talks in the Panmunjom, North Korea’s participation in the game was discussed, leading to related discussions such as the use of the unified flag or how many athletes and cheerleaders should go to the South. In the following vice-minister level conference, both Koreas agreed to march together under the unified flag, and the ‘fear’ of the united team for women’s ice hockey became a real concern for many people. Then, the IOC agreed to ‘the Olympic deal’ on the 21st of January to grant united entry with 22 North Korean athletes, and most symbolically, accepting the South Korean government’s request to enlarge the quota for women’s hockey. The two Koreas will participate in the game with a total of thirty-five players, with twelve of them being North Korean. The coach, Sarah Murray – now the coach for the united team – will be mandated to use three North Korean players in each game according to the Olympic Korean Peninsula Declaration. South Korean president Moon Jae-in and the president of IOC Thomas Bach. Moon is assuring Bach that the Olympic Games would not be threatened by regional conflicts in September 20th, 2017. (Photo courtesy of insidethegames) The legal base for the unified team lies in the Special Act on the Support for the 2018 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Game, article 85, which was established in 2011. Despite the fact that the unified team is not a news, more than 70 percent of the South Koreans seem to disapprove the government’s decision. An Instagram post from the national hockey team player Lee Minji on 20th, January raised sympathetic sentiment among the people, too. She mentioned that “a second in the field is invaluable for every player” and that she cannot understand how “the decision will have a minor impact on the athletes”, criticizing the authority. Thomas Bach, president of IOC spoke “The Olympic Games show us what the world could look like, if we were all guided by the Olympic spirit of respect and understanding,” and I agree to his point that the Olympics should be about the spirit of peace and global unification. Although many Korean people harshly criticize the Moon administration as far as to call '2018 Pyongyang Olympics', it is understandable for the president to take the international spotlight to show the world how the two Koreas are working towards peace. One of the main reasons why South Korean corporates are having a hard time receiving foreign investment is the unstable political situation in the peninsula. Although many Koreans do not foresee the war to break anytime soon, the ten-year long hostility during the Lee and Park administration and Trump sitting in the Whitehouse did not help the situation between the North and South Korea. Now that Moon struggles to thaw the relationship, the Olympics seems like a huge opportunity to alleviate the distrust. 2018 PyeongChang Olympic will be the first Olympic in history for the two Koreas playing as one. Taking the Olympic spirit; "to build a peaceful and better world" into account, peacemaking after the tensions built up due to the missiles late 2017 seems like an adequate timing. Moreover, there are several widespread misunderstanding behind the name 'Pyongyang Olympics'. One is that the South Korean flag will not be raised during the games. The unified flag will fly only after the events where the North and South Koreas have jointly participated. Another misunderstanding that shared code of 'COR' is by the request of North Korea, while in fact, the code comes from French term (IOC's official language aside from English) Corée du Sud and Corée du Nord. The North and South Korea is entering the 2000 Sydney Olympics with a unified flag. The two Koreas marched together in the opening ceramony. (Photo courtesy of Hankyoreh) There are disagreements to the decision from the general public and the politics, pointing out that South Korea and the United States have agreed to postpone the annual joint military drill for North Korea taking part in the Olympic Games. Some papers wrote that this is all part of North Korea's plan to acquire more ballistic missiles and strengthen their military power. We do not know if that allegation is true or not, but North Korea would not have agreed to take part in the games if they had nothing to benefit from. By showing the two government's will to build peace and bring security in the international society, both nations will benefit during and after the games. Kim So-yun

2018-01 28

[Special][Op-ed] Invisible and Silent, Yet Deadly

What are some of the best-selling items these days? Sanitary masks are, indeed, one of the most compelling products. There has been a 380 percent increase in nasal sanitizer product sales, with a 213 percent rise in sanitary mask sales. What is the cause of this phenomenon? The severity of the fine dust in the air seems to be the catalyst of the sales boom. With the emission of toxicant chemicals from automobiles and industrial sites being the main culprit of the fine dust pollution crisis, Korean is going through a major pollution issue and is on its way to address that problem. What’s all the fuss about? Recently, emergency text messages informing citizens that the fine dust level is particularly bad that day are sent directly from the government, not to mention the myriad of people that can be seen wearing sanitary masks outdoors. This means the situation is really getting serious now, unquestionably demanding some counteractions to be taken. Korea has the highest density of fine dust concentration among the member countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), recording 32 micrograms of fine dust per cubic meter, while Iceland is on record for being the least polluted country, showing 2.9 micrograms of fine dust per cubic meter. The size of fine dust is about seven times smaller than the width of an average person’s hair, which can freely and effortlessly enter human bodies through the nasal cavity or through the skin, reaching deep inside and inducing various health issues such as dementia, stroke, dysrhythmia, angiosis, hair loss, nasal inflammation and much more. The biggest problem with the fine dust is that the particles are so small that they are unfilterable, meaning they can get to any part of the body and cause a wide variety of diseases. Fine dust is seven times smaller than a strand of hair. Among the developed nations in the OECD, South Korea has the worst air pollution. (Photo courtesy of It is not the thought that counts, it is the action It is not hard to figure out that there is no quick-fix solution for Korea’s situation now. In response to the deteriorating issue, the Korean Ministry took action: since the harmful emission from automobiles is a great contributor to the overall situation, the government hoped to entice people to take public transportation by making it free of charge for one day. Though it sounds reasonable, this approach received considerable criticism for several reasons. First of all, this solution is only temporary, yet very costly. Moreover, voices were heard that the money should rather have been invested in developing technologies to converting current automobiles into electronic or other non-harmful types or in developing technologies to absorb or cleanse the polluted air. This approach was one of the four emergency actions established by the government, which are to be taken as the situation gets irrevocably worse. The other actions include an odd-even license plate policy (cars with license plates that end in an odd number can only be driven on an odd number date and vice versa), the reduction of factory operation hours, and the closing of parking lots. All these approaches evidently aim to reduce the toxic emissions from automobiles but do not aim to provide an alternative direction to remove the root of the problem. Citizens express great dissatisfaction about the actions the government has taken, voicing that they are only temporarily or partially resolving the trouble. However, to remove the root cause of the whole situation would cost a lot of money and if the government raises the tax rate to do so, people will surely show hostility as well. In an individualistic society, such as the one we live in today, people would care more about their own future than their country’s. In such a case, how can the government afford to meet both the requirements of the people and this monstrous disaster? Being aware that the silent monster is growing more and more powerful everyday, both the government and citizens are nervous. What we need in this situation is not arguments and criticisms but cooperation. The current situation necessitates a multilateral approach since its scale has exceeded the moderate level. More than one solution should be carried out by more than one group of people. An unilateral solution cannot effectively address such problem, meaning the government alone cannot single-handedly resolve the tragedy. There must be a cooperation between the government and the people, at the level of both individuals and corporations. The government should provide the least burdensome and the most effective solution and the citizens should cooperate in order to maximize the effect and to defeat the common enemy. Fine dust overwhelmingly covers the city. (Photo courtesy of DBpia Report for Research) Jeon Chae-yun

2018-01 23

[Special][Op-Ed] Is Banning the Early Education Really Necessary?

Korea is known to have excessive enthusiasm towards education, and one of the very first private forms of education children receive is English. Nevertheless, the Korean government, alongside with the Ministry of Education is working hard to ban early education, which usually refers to private education for children under 8, which is when elementary school begins. As part of the effort, the Ministry of Education announced in December 2017 that they will ban after-school English classes for pre-schoolers starting March 2018. This ignited the already existing conflict of interests between the parents wanting to teach English to their child as early and as fast as possible, and the government trying to restrict such actions and protect young children’s rights. It is somewhat a norm for pre-school children to learn English. There are even English kindergartens where they intensively use English throughout the day. To provide some background information, children aging from five, or sometimes as young as two to three, go to either pre-school (what is known as yoo-chi-won in Korean) or a daycare center (which is known as uh-lin-eeh-jib in Korean). It might sound similar, but they are established under different laws and operate under different ministries. The former has its foundation under the Early Childhood Education Act, and the Ministry of Education supervises and manages 9,029 pre-schools all over the nation. On the other hand, the daycare centers are founded and are operating based on the Infant Care Act, and managed by Ministry of Health and Welfare. But the Lee Myung-bak administration contrived the Noori Curriculum (the name itself was created during the former Park Geun-hye administration) through the amendment of Enforcement Decree of the Infant Care Act, article 23 to take a step forward towards free education for children from three to five. This is how the Ministry of Education can prohibit after-school English education in the curriculums of both pre-school and daycare centers. This annunciation, as anyone can easily expect, triggered a heated debate within the nation. Many parents are against the policy and show concern on the balloon effect, which refers to a situation where the phenomena moves into another area of less resistance rather than disappearing, like when a latex balloon is squeezed: The air is moved but does not disappear. They voice out that early English education is not an option anymore, so banning it in the pre-schools and daycare centers would simply herd the children to private institutions, which are more expensive and, therefore, put more burden on families. They also argue that early education is the key to language education and that most of the after school classes for English are taught through playing, such as singing or gaming. Some even mention that the Ministry of Education has to also take back the resembling restriction for the first and second-grade elementary school students. Although they did take a step back, the government seems to remain obstinate in their position regarding early education. Announcing for the entire reexamination of the policy on the 16th of January, the Ministry of Education made it clear that there still is no change in their principle that early education should be restricted. Their argument is mainly based on recent findings in neuroscience that early education, in fact, does not help the infants or young children to learn a second language. Numerous studies, namely from the Korean Institute of Child Care and Education, have shown that children, equally at best, absorb less of a new language. Therefore, the government seems to consider after-school education as a physical and psychological burden for young minds and should be restricted by law. Korea is one of the top countries with the most private education per person. However, as an individual who speaks English through early education and without a single month abroad, I think it is a matter of ‘how’ pre-schools deliver the education than ‘if’ they should. One of the main reasons why the Ministry of Education took a step back, in this case, was because people pointed out that the way the education carried out in the field is not child-abusive as they think it is. Many children are actually having fun learning a new language in an entertaining way, and it is vastly beneficial for their future being able to speak English fluently, especially considering the quality of English education in the current school curriculum. The way they are being taught right now, the children will be ‘acquiring’ English rather than ‘learning’ it. Without significant innovation of the current school curriculum to be actually effective, banning pre-school extracurricular activity seems like a tape to a dam crack. If they truly wish to tackle the widespread enthusiasm for early education, the government should first explain thoroughly and persuade the people, strengthen public education, and then ban both public and private early education. Wishing parents to suddenly stop being thirsty for more education like a child waiting for Santa Claus does not solve the root issue. Kim So-yun

2018-01 15

[Special]Say Hello to 2018, the Year of Golden Dogs!

Another year has come to an end, and now we have started a new year with golden dogs. 2018, also known as ‘mu-sul’ year according to the Chinese zodiac, stands for the year of golden dogs. ‘Mu(戊)’, stands for a big soil mountain, which represents the color yellow and gold. ‘Sul(戌)’ represents the 11th animal of the Chinese Zodiac, a dog, which represents the image of activeness. This year, therefore, prays for an affluent, enthusiastic year for all citizens. The main character of this year, dogs, had close relationships with human beings throughout the changes in generations. 2018 is the year of golden dogs. (Photo courtesy of Woman Travellers) Dogs in the past Dogs are known to be one of the first domestic animals people have raised. They are known as creatures evolved from wolves, as wolves were tamed by human beings who hunted and collected plants. The history of man and dog started since then by mutually helping each other. Dogs were able to maintain their lives through the food people gave, and protected people and their houses from possible danger. Korea’s native dog, the Jindo dog has a strong homing instinct and intrepidity. They have an upright characteristic, never betraying the family members that looked after them. Sapsal dog, a dog fully covered with long fur, has an old saying ‘A ghost cannot even consider approaching near a Sapsal dog’, due to their ascetic-like-appearance. The Pungsan dog has been favored as a hunting dog, due to their outstanding reactiveness and endurance. They are known to be courageous and bold that there used to be a saying you can catch a tiger with two Pungsan dogs. Sapsal dogs have their unique characteristics of long furs covering their bodies. (Photo courtesy of Chosun News) However, at the same time, a lot of the dogs were utilized as a ‘health food’ in Korea. As a lot of Koreans lacked protein in their daily food, ‘dogs’ were one of their few options. Since pigs or cows were two expensive to consume as a food, most of the dogs except for the ones used for hunting were set on the table. In a record of <Dongguksesigi> containing the customs of Joseon dynasty, a written record is left that a lot of citizens ate dog-soups in Boknal (Click HERE for more information). Moreover, there is a record dog meat was placed on a royal family’s feast during the regime of King Jeong-jo. Dogs in the current society Nowadays, dogs are more familiarly called as ‘Ballyeogyeon’; ‘Ballyeo’ standing for a companion, and ‘gyeon’ standing for a dog. The awareness of dogs as a friend and a member of family is becoming higher as time passes, and now we are living in a country of 10 million pet population. Dogs have the closest relationships with human beings and are called symbols of loyalty. There are increasing research results that pets give positive influences to the health of those raising them. There are however downsides to this rapidly increasing number of pets in Korea. Sixty thousand dogs are abandoned every year in Korea, solely counting the numbers figured by animal shelters. Proper responsibility of the owners and the support of the government seems to be required. 2017 was a year dog phobia (Click HERE for more information) being a big issue, due to the lack of awareness of petiquettes. More attention should be required for the welfare of dogs. (Photo courtesy of Dream Dictionary) The increase of people embracing dogs as their family members has both its ups and downs. A brand new market has been created due to pet owners trying to provide better lifestyles for their pets. Dogs are now filling the empty spaces of people’s emotions with their unique sensation. Then or now, there is no doubt dogs are man’s best friend. On Jung-yun

2018-01 09

[Special]The Ultimate Winter Stage

It has begun. The inspirational slogans and advertisements from the Olympic Winter Games in PyeongChang 2018 can now be seen nearly everywhere in Korea: from television commercials to advertisements all over public transportation. With just 17 days before the initiation of the event, Korea is gradually getting into the mood for the symbolic international celebration, which revolves around the values of respect, excellence, and friendship. The Olympics also has a special meaning for Korea, as the last Olympics, held 30 years ago in 1988, succeeded in creating an economic platform on which Korea could achieve unprecedented domestic and international growth. As such, the PyeongChang Olympics had been a national victory since its announcement, and the entire country holds a sense of hope and expectation for the success of the event. The entire nation shook in joy when PyeongChang was selected to host the 2018 Winter Olympics (Photo Courtesy of Zimbio) PyeongChang 2018: a timeline July 2, 2003 – The PyeongChang Olympics came to being after three attempts. The first attempt was made in July 2nd, 2003 at the International Olympics Committee (IOC) in Prague, Czech Republic. Despite winning the most votes in the first round of voting, PyeongChang lost to Vancouver by a shortage of 3 ballots in the final round. July 5, 2007 – The second unsuccessful trial for the PyeongChang Olympic took place four years later in the next IOC session, held in Guatemala City, the Republic of Guatemala. However, Korea was handed a similar defeat as in the previous session, leading with the highest number of votes from the first round of votes and losing in the final round. 4 votes determined the outcome, designating Sochi, Russia, as the next country to hold the Winter Olympics. June 22, 2010 – Along with Munich, Germany, and Annecy, France, PyeongChang was designated as a shortlist candidate by the IOC, bidding to become a hosting city for the 2018 Winter Olympics. July 6, 2011 – Finally, in the 123rd IOC session held in Durban, South Africa, PyeongChang was elected to become the host city for the 2018 Olympic Winter Games. Winning an overwhelming majority of 63 votes out of 95, the announcement of its victory brought about a burst of joy throughout the nation. October 19, 2011 – The PyeongChang Organizing Committee for the 2018 Olympic and the Paralympic Winter Games were founded, and preparations for the event officially went underway. February 9-25, 2018 – The Olympic Winter Games of PyeongChang 2018 will begin with the opening ceremonies held in Pyeong chang, located in the Gang won Province of the Republic of Korea. The majority of the snow sports will also be conducted in this city, as well as the closing ceremony. Meanwhile, alpine speed events will be held in Jeong seon, and all ice sports will be held in the city of Gang neung, both located in the same province as Pyeong chang. The symbol “ㅍ” is taken from the first consonant of the word Pyeong chang in Hangeul, the Korean alphabet, and represents a harmonious abstraction of the Earth, Heaven, and Man. “ㅊ” is the first consonant of the second syllable of Pyeong chang, representing snow, ice, and the winter athletes. (Photo Courtesy of PyeongChang 2018) The slogan for the PyeongChang Olympics is “Passion. Connected.” As two symbolic words that represent the value of the event, the slogan is an abstraction of the message that everyone is connected through passion. It aims to emphasize the interconnectedness that each individual shares through their enthusiasm for winter sports, regardless of the discipline, age, and the manner in which they take part in the festivity. Tips for spectators For people interested in observing the games in real life, the experience begins with the purchase of the ticket, available on the official website of the PyeongChang Olympics 2018. Note that individual transportation will not be granted access into the venue sites of the games, and visitors will have to take a free shuttle bus from the four designated Park & Ride sites, only available for ticket holders. Another huge factor for visitors will be accommodations, and luckily there is a spectator guide provided by the official website that provides a detailed explanation of nearby cities where accommodations can be found. Not only is there a chart that indicates how far each location is from each venue in Pyeong chang, Gang neung, and Jeong seon, it also provides a link that specifies accommodation options available in each of these regions and their ratings. Furthermore, there is an additional reference through which visitors can access information regarding tourism in the area such as Temple Stay and Hanok (traditional Korean houses) Stay. A closely detailed spectator guide is provided on the offical website of PyeongChang Olympics 2018. (Photo Courtesy of PyeongChang 2018) Lee Changhyun

2018-01 01

[Special][Saranghandae] Global Stories of Hanyang University

Recently, Hanyang University is ranked 23rd place in Normalized Lens influence metric of Nature Index 2017 Innovation by Nature Publishing Group. This achievement is noteworthy in that Normalized Lens influence metric indicates that there is high connection between Hanyang’s high-quality research and the commercialization of new products and services. In other words, the higher the score, the more the paper is reflected in new technology development. Hanyang University not only takes an honor to be ranked 1st in nation, but also proves the world the pursuit of our founding principle ‘Application of Knowledge’. In 1970s, baby boomers in Korea went to overseas to financially support their families. The most widely known example is that they got jobs at mines and hospitals in Germany. This was the only international ties Korea has made with other countries at that moment. However, after Korea made economic growth, the way of interchange has changed. Human resources, the biggest power of development in the past, paved the new road for global interaction. So HYU’s scholarly recognition from different countries shows global aspect of both school itself and a nation. More and more international students from diverse countries choose to study at HYU and make their own global paths in Korea. Three international students of Hanyang University will share their stories. Be Special and Memorable “I liked that Hanyang University showed clear guidance for the application process and what students will learn at school.” said Julia Anna Nathalia Bärlund(Business Administration 16). Julia is from Finland, majoring in Business Administration in HYU and it is the second year now. Actually, this is not the first time for her to study in Korea. She went to Korean high school for one year as an exchange student in 2012 and that was when she learned her Korean language and culture. So during an interview for Hanyang International Scholarship Program (HISP) where she got the full scholarship, she could speak in Korean. She expressed her enthusiasm about her life in HYU saying, “I am part of Global Saranghandae and I am doing a project with other students to make a volunteer program in the Philippines this February.” “I am glad that there are programs that global students can take part in and hope to see more coming because 17% of HYU students are international students as far as I know,” added she. Sometimes she feels stressed with exams and the curved grading system, the one she can’t find in Finland, she is concentrating what she wants to do in the future. Julia is interested in environmental issues and thinking of being a social entrepreneur. “I got great ideas from a class about the new business environment. Every week, a different speaker form organizations or companies came and told his or her life story mostly about how he or she ended up doing the current job,” she said. She does not set her goals too specifically yet to leave the chances wide. She explained, “I even consider to become a diplomat. I am not sure what I will choose in the end but I am going to do what I want to do and make a living at the same time no matter what career path I choose.” Also, she observes the small difference in Korean society that more and more people care about their own unique life stories. Julia said, “It is very slowly and gradually changing but still it is a positive one. I think Koreans do know how to be up for themselves.” “However, I think a willingness to understand others is a key to being open. Understanding others’ opinions is more important than just having the same opinion,” she added. News Doors Open Ewout Pieter Emile de Vos(International Studies 15) is from the Netherlands and studying international relations in Department of International Studies. “As my mother was born in Korea, I wanted to know more about my Korean side. I have been really enjoying my life here and creating new opportunities,” said Emile. “When I sent an e-mail to Hanyang University, HYU was very responsive and friendly from the start. So I got a good feeling and I got accepted luckily and I am here now,” he added. Also, Emile got a full scholarship through HISP. He has had various work experience since he got into HYU in 2015. He worked in Hanyang’s Office of International Affairs and startup company and is currently doing his internship as a consultant. “If you are willing to adapt and learn, you can take a lot of opportunities. I met nice people and talking about my experience, the first impression I had towards other people was always wrong. So I think it is really important to be open-minded and have many conversations to know someone better,” said he. This is why he put emphasis on diverse discussions saying, “From an international student’s point of view, Korean students tend to form a lot of circles or friend groups and slightly feel afraid to stand out from the crowd.” He went on, “However a different individual has different qualities, so exploring yourself and focusing on what you are good at is getting really important these days.” To him being global means that people are gathering together in a harmonious way. Emile sees himself working in the consulting field after graduation because the work is suitable for him. Plus, managing a number of people and human relations is what he likes about the work. Then after five years, he hopes to do something else on his own regardless of the workplace. During his stay in Korea, however, he is going to make the most of his time. “I am used to balance my work and life since I am from the Netherlands and I try to fully spend my free time doing what I like to do. Korea is a beautiful country to go hiking and see landscapes. I can say Je-ju Island is my favorite place in Korea,” he said. Work Hard, Communicate Harder “You can call me Nina!” Nor Amanina Binti Ruslan(Industrial Engineering 15), a junior majoring in Industrial Engineering, said brightly. Nina is from Malaysia and her future goal is to become a businesswoman related to both Malaysia and Korea. Being asked why she chose Industrial Engineering as her major in HYU, she said “It is often said that engineers can do business but businessman cannot do engineering. I want to be a businesswoman who can do both so I am studying to have an insight on handling the system.” The economic and cultural growth of Korea inspired Nina with her goals. She expressed her surprise with the technology and well-organized system of Korea. “I am amazed that Korea became globally renowned country despite the geographical difficulties and lack of natural resources. Koreans are really hard-working people,” she said. She is a workaholic who feels more energetic and motivated when she is keeping herself busy. She has done a number of extracurricular activities that are directly related to communication such as Global Saranghandae, Shinhan bank ambassador, Malaysian Student Dance Crew, Malaysian Student Organization in Korea. Also, Nina could get a scholarship from Global Saranghandae and the scholarship offed by HYU for international students who get a high score from TOPIK, Test of proficiency in Korea. She said, “Studying at HYU is academically tense but I like to challenge myself and get a new experience. Going to the interviews and meeting new people taught me how to be independent.” She plans to work in Korea first and start her own business back in Malaysia. Nina sees a lot of potential in trade between Malaysia and Korea. As she set her main focus on business, she is printing some ideas on minds regarding trade plus service, specifically online service. She explained by saying, “In Malaysia, people do not really trust online service so it is not widely used yet. I want to build a platform that consumers can use without worries. Also, Malaysia is abundant with natural resources and Malaysian people love Korean products. I think I can find a network and make it productive.” Finally, Nina emphasized the importance of opening up one’s mind so that his or her capabilities can be newly found and used. “I think it is no harm to be more open-minded and speak out more. It takes courage but communicating with other people gives new thoughts and opens up new chances sometimes.” By Choi Mi-rae (Student Reporter)