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2018-04 30

[Opinion]0416, Four Years Later

On the 16th of April 2014, the Sewol Ferry caused huge shock not only to the citizens in our country, but those all around the world. 304 passengers were determined dead or lost among 476 people on board, as the ferry sank in the middle of the sea near Jindo. Even though four years has past since then, a lot of questions are left unresolved. (Click HERE to read more about the timeline of the Sewol Ferry). Facing the fourth year after this tragedy, a movie called The Day, The Sea was released on the 12th of April. Focusing on the initial cause The poster for the fim The Day, The Sea with the line "The unforgettable day, the sea that knows eveything." (Photo courtesy of Naver Movie) The movie The Day, The Sea is a political and societal documentary film that focuses on the accident of the Sewol Ferry. While the media exclusively focused on the reason the maritime police could not rescue the passengers on board, the director of this movie, Kim Ji-young, focused on what caused this ferry to sink. Journalist Kim Uh-jun also participated in this process, along with 17,000 citizens who wished to give better a foundation to the research of this film. After three and a half years, this movie debuted, making a breakthrough of 270,000 viewers within a week, despite the sparse theaters showing the film. This movie is divided into six chapters showing the process of the director and the journalist’s research. Through various reenactments in addition to 2D and 3D animation, the director scientifically and objectively approached the matter. Testimonies from the survivors and crew as well as restored video clips from CCTVs and black boxes were thoroughly examined along with the announcements the government made. The ship sank to the left even though they made a sharp left turn. According to the law of inertia (the force that can be easily experienced when our body is forced to the front when a bus makes a sudden halt), that is not possible unless there was another impact. The results of the Automatic Identification System (AIS), which is an automatic record made by the ship to show its location, had two different versions even though they were both given by the government. Making matters even more complicated, a recording of the crucial 20 minutes during the actual accident was somehow not saved. The movie had to go thorugh endless rechecking of information. (Photo courtesy of AtNine Film) This movie presents a theory based on the data they collected and analyzed. Through endless questioning and research, they come to the most reasonable explanation they can deduce, but at the same time they don't show conviction in their conclusion. The director mentioned in his interview. “This theory was posited because we couldn’t think of a more reasonable cause. If there is any other explanation based on enough evidence, I simply hope that my ideas can be any kind of help to uncover the truth.” Outside the movie The process of data evaluation wasn’t the only obstacle the director faced. The protection of their own data also tormented the team. In the midst of the creation of this movie, there was an incident where the CPU of their cine-editor was damaged. “I had a fellow director making a documentary related to the Sewol Ferry who had the same experience as me. He had a CCTV in his room and saw a trespasser in a white mask bend their CPU, reassemble the machine, and walk back out again,” said Kim Ji-yeong in an interview outside. After that, a designated person had to take care of the reference room 24 hours a day for three and a half years. He even had to create a personal vault built into the wall to keep their data safe. Kim Uh-jun and Kim Ji-young (from left) talking about the movie (Photo courtesy of V App) This movie, as the director mentioned, cannot be blindly trusted even though their theory of the tradegy's cause is intensely rooted from facts they collected. However, this movie leaves a big question mark to every single audience member - “why?” Why would there be different records when one day, one ship, sank only once, at a certain time? Now our society is looking at the second Social Disaster Working Party to ascertain the truth, four years after this disaster. Some might say they are still working on this matter. However, we should assiduously and precisely look back at this tragedy. Is the matter settled? Or is this something that has not yet even started? On Jung-yun

2018-04 23

[Opinion]Efforts to Improve Taxi Services

Uniforms are often used as a method to increase a sense of belonging in a more orderly environment. Since the end of 2017, corporation-owned taxi drivers of Seoul have started to wear uniforms, based on the city council's passing of a new framework ordinance on Seoul taxis. The policy is making a U-turn, as there had been regulations regarding the dress code of taxi drivers previously, which was aborted in 2011. Now, the reintroduction of the policy has led to some controversies on the surface. Why a U-turn? Since 2011, taxi drivers have been enjoying freedom in dressing, due to the halt of the regulation by the government. However, granting taxi drivers the freedom to dress with their own choice led to an increase in civil complaints related to this issue. The complaints were mainly due to the fact that taxi drivers had abused their privilege of a free dress code and wore clothes that actually induced displeasure for many taxi users. These included sleeveless undershirts, slippers and even hats that made it hard to confirm the identity of the driver. This was unacceptable considering that it is mandatory for all taxi drivers to provide an assured identity to their customers, by which they provide a safer environment for this particular form of transportation. The Taxi Union and Management has also maintained the need of a unified dress code. Taxis have often been called upon to answer for their inhospitable services. In order to overcome such criticism, the Taxi Union and Management has come to the conclusion that the implementation of a unified dress code can bring improvements in customer services and provide trust to customers. The problematic attire of taxi drivers that has caused displeasure (Photo courtesy of News ZUM) The new uniform provided to Seoul taxi drivers for winter (left) and summer (right) (Photo courtesy of Nocut News) Questioning the effect It has been agreed that Seoul city alone bore the entire cost of uniform supplies in the first year of implementation, and the taxi business corporates cover the following entailed costs in the future. Under this agreement, the city spent 1.6 billion Korean won in providing uniforms to around 35,000 taxi drivers in the first year of the policy's implementation. However, with around half a year passing after the initial execution of this new policy of providing the taxi drivers a uniform, there have been questions rising from among both the drivers and customers. In fact, many taxi users are still unaware of this half-year-old policy, perhaps due to the fact that many taxi drivers do not wear the dress shirt uniform, disregarding the new policy. Furthermore, taking into consideration that the main intention of this uniform policy was to renovate taxi-related service issues, the fact that many users still remain unware of any improvements indicates that the change and its effect have been mediocre. If there are significant enhancements in the provided services, taxi users would have noticed a change in the taxi business environment as the direct beneficiary. In either case, such unawareness by taxi users shows that this novel dress code is far from meeting its original intentions. A Seoul taxi driver wearing the newly provided uniform (Photo courtesy of Wikitree) An attempt in vain The taxi-drivers also have something to say about the newly applied uniform policy. Most taxi drivers are behind the wheel for more than ten hours on a daily basis. In this sense, a dress shirt may be highly inconvenient for those drivers. In addition, taxi drivers maintain that simply wearing a neat dress shirt does not directly lead to a desire to provide hospitable services to their users. Thus, although a neat dress code may seem more polite to taxi users, it is not directly related to the actual services that are provided to them. In light of these details, it is doubtful whether the standardized dress code policy for taxi drivers has produced successful outcomes. The original intentions of enhancing customer services based on a neat appearance have turned out to be moderate. Both the users and drivers have seen trivial benefits after the implementation of this uniform policy. Although, a six month period may be too short to judge the policy’s effectiveness, without considerable improvements, it seems hard to overturn such negative prospects. Rather than simply preparing a uniform, finding the more fundamental cause behind the users’ complaints and providing a fitter measure seems necessary. Choi Seo-yong

2018-04 17

[Opinion]Spring is Approaching

A wave of tension pervaded the country as April 3rd drew closer. It was the date of the North-South Joint Performance in Pyeongyang, the capital of North Korea. The abrupt developments in the relationship between North and South Korea following their co-participation in the Pyeongchang Olympics presented a peculiar situation for citizens. With conflicting sentiments of hope and wariness, the nation waited under a silent tension as the date of the performance grew near. The first cultural interaction of any kind between North and South Korea dates back to 1985. Most of the events were composed in a similar manner: the two countries would prepare a stage for performers and exchanged cultural contents in an effort to ease the sentimental disparities between the divided nations. However, such events were severely criticized by both sides, as they were evaluated as encouraging ideological competition underneath the formalities of the event. Accordingly, efforts to promote harmony gradually moved to the domain of sports, a realm more detached from political ideology. Such efforts eventually dried up as tensions between the nations heightened. The North-South unified team competing in the World Table Tennis Championship in 1991 (Photo courtesy of Yonhap News) Fortunately, this performance was a great success. It was a notable milestone, as it reestablished an air of hope for the public. It was one thing for us to see news reports on the recent growth of diplomatic interactions between North and South Korea, and another to see our favorite singers and K-pop idols performing in what we have grown to perceive as the most dangerous place in the world. Arguably being true, as the two countries are still in a state of ceasefire, the performers were technically behind enemy borders. Despite the nation’s composure, perhaps to the point of preceived indifference by the third party, everyone held their breath until the performers returned safely. Adding to the ripple of relief as the performance ended on a positive note, another noteworthy aspect of the event is its historical significance. Along with the co-participation in this year’s Winter Olympics, this was the first great amicable interaction between the divided nations in nearly a decade. The success of the event is even expected to facilitate further talks of cooperation in the North-South Korea Summit, which is scheduled to take place in the Joint Security Area of Panmunjeom on April 27th. The last summit was held in 2007, and this will be the third official summit between North and South Korea. A celebratory photo of the performers on the stage in Pyeongyang (Photo courtesy of Ilyosisa). The long drought of diplomatic and cultural interaction among the divided peninsula began with a gunshot incident in Geumgang Mountain in 2008, where a South Korean tourist was fatally shot by a soldier in North Korea. When North Korea failed to provide reliable support for their justification of the shooting, ties between the two countries began to crumble. The deterioration of the relationship quickly accelerated as North Korea began to pursue its military ambitions, engaging in nuclear experiments and intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) development, to the dismay of international society. As a result of the North's aggressive stance, people were confused to see the recent eagerness for cooperation by North Korea, and rightfully so. In light of the historical context, how this momentum of reconciliation plays out will greatly shape the public's perception of North Korea in the future. This is especially true for the younger generation, who will witness cooperation between the two countries for the first time. The current situation will exert massive influence on their manner of interaction in the decades to come. Needless to say, every diplomatic step must be taken with great discretion. On that note, the successful completion of the North-South Joint Performance in Pyeongyang is an indicator of a great start. "A good start is half the work" is how the old saying goes, but a good start is nevertheless, only half of the work. Further dedication to establishing a solid foundation for reconciliation and stability will ensure sustainable benefits to be reaped by both nations, and will perhaps be the key to finally ending the war. Lee Chang-hyun

2018-04 09

[Special]Fine Dust Threatening Korean People’s Health

On some days, you must have experienced logging into your social media account to find the endless pictures of blue skies posted by your friends. A day with a blue sky in South Korea has become something to celebrate, take pictures of, and be happy about. This was not the case several years ago. What happened to Korea? A photoshoot of Jamsil, Seoul covered with fine dust on January 4th. (Photo courtesy of Weekly Donga) What is fine dust? Fine dust consists of fine particulate matter (PM). There are two levels of measurement: fine PM is smaller than 10 µm in diameter (PM10), and ultrafine PM is smaller than 2.5 µm in diameter (PM2.5). For understanding, a PM 2.5 particle is thirty times thinner than a human hair. Because the particles are so minute, they are absolutely invisible to bare eyes and can permeate our skin, causing various health problems. Korea is using a six-grade forecast system for fine dust and ultrafine particle concentration: good, normal, poor, bad, very bad, and dangerous. From the poor level (81~150µm/m3per day), vulnerable sections of the population such as the elderly, young, and people with respiratory or cardiovascular disease are advised to refrain from outdoor activities and stay indoors. Fine dust officially became a problem in 2013. Before then, the concentration level of fine dust was not high enough for people to pay attention to. Ever since the official forecast began in February 2014, public awareness about and efforts to reveal the sources and regulate them have been increasing. Fine dust concentration level (Photo courtesy of Seoul Solution) How problematic is it? The effects of fine dust range from a mild sore throat to increased chance of cerebrovascular (related to brain and blood vessels) diseases. According to the Korean Medical Association, the environmental catastrophe can cause respiratory problems such as bronchial or asthmatic diseases, and also expose people to conjunctivitis, namely itchy eyes and skin rashes. This particular symptom is serious due to the infinitesimal size of the dust particles. As it is too microscopic, it can easily pass through our natural filter in the nose and throat, permeate as deep as into the alveolus, the micro-organs in the lungs where gases can pass in or out of the blood. To make matters worse, studies have shown that fine dust can also cause mental diseases such as depression and dementia. Because people are exposed to less sunlight every day and cannot go outside as much as desired, on top of constant worries about the pollution and their health, air quality largely influences people’s daily lives. Namely, the Korean Baseball Organization postponed games scheduled on April 6thin Seoul, Suwon, and Incheon due to the government warning of the fine dust danger level. This had never happened in Korean baseball history before. Same place, different fine dust level. It is getting harder and harder to see a clear sky in Seoul. (Photo courtesy of YTN) Reasons still not clear What is the source of all the dust? Unfortunately, there is no clear answer to the question. The Ministry of Environment has announced that 30 percent to 60 percent of the fine dust floating in Korea's atmosphere is from China. On top of this official statement, Chinese government’s plan to move some of its factories to nearby cities such as Tianjin further provoked Korean citizens’ anger towards the Chinese government. Observation of the air components in Seoul during the Chinese New Year supported the claim that China is a major contributing factor of air pollution, as chemical substances used in massive fireworks were detected. However, there are abundant research that counters such a claim. Many research operations assert that although we cannot deny the influence of Chinese factories for the current phenomenon, domestic ones also contribute to the pollution. Some even suggest that secondary particles generated in the atmosphere as a result of chemical synthesis make up most of the pollutants. Discerning sources and asking for compensation is extremely difficult in the case of solving the air quality dilemma, as chemicals emitted into the air from domestic factories highly resemble those produced in China, and the flow of air and air pressure also play a big role in determining the air quality for the day. The Seoul metropolitan government has been trying to reduce fine dust particles emitted domestically through automobile and construction site regulations, but it has not seemed to alleviate the situation. Careful scrutiny by research institutes along with the government into the sources and possible solutions is an urgent need for people. Kim So-yun

2018-03 20

[Special][Click&Zoom-in] Time Flows Specially in the Hanyang Museum

"Why am I pleased suddenly, as I say what is done cannot be undone? As it is, it has its own meaning. Old memories are beautiful as the world says." These are part of the lyrics of "Past," sung by Yoo Jae-ha on his first album Because I Love You. If the past that passed away is powerful, it means its value continues to the present. Leaving a single album, singer Yoo Jae-ha passed away at the age of 26. An exhibition titled "With you forever, Yoo Jae-ha" memorializes the late Yoo Jae-ha (Department of Composition, '81) as a genius composer on his 30th anniversary of this death, and is being held at the Hanyang University Museum. Written by: Choi Mi-rae(student reporter) / Photo by. Ahn Hong-bum ▲ Landscape of the Hanyang University Museum Time traveling on campus When entering the lobby in the Hanyang University Museum, a calm atmosphere that washes off heat from the campus covers the eyes and ears. On the right side of the lobby, you can see an exhibition for Yoo Jae-ha which opened first in early November last year. The exhibition is largely divided into Yoo Jae-ha's life and the music heritage he left behind. Hwang Na-young, an academic researcher in the museum administrative team, said, "While an exhibition is being shown, music should be heard. I was concerned about how the audience could listen to a lot of music in the exhibition space." She also said, "We also focused on how we could show the vitality of Yoo Jae-ha's music which is so beloved, although he left only one album." In collaboration with this exhibition, "Eco of Sounds," "A Tree Grown by Sounds," and "Gae-bae-jam," Hanyang University music clubs, held busking performances with his songs and showed his musicality with was beyond the times. When Yoo Jae-ha's songs resonated within the voices of the young performers, the campus held the fragrance of the 1980s for a brief moment. In this way, the museum has provided various opportunities to allow visitors a glimpse of the past. The museum, which opened with research and excavation in 1979, will celebrate the 40th anniversary of its opening in 2019. In the five-story building, the first floor is of research in the liberal arts, and the second floor has a seminar room. Visitors can visit special exhibitions on the 3rd floor, and permanent exhibits on the 4th and 5th floors. The special exhibition is held twice a year, normally with a relatively large one in the first half and a small one in the second half. Besides these exhibitions, graduation showcases of students are sometimes held. This Yoo Jae-ha exhibition is a small theme exhibition, highlighting a famous Hanyangian. Theme exhibitions that feature people was on the third floor and it exhibited famous figures including Park Mok-wol, a poet who has served as a professor of Hanyang until now, and Dr. Lee Man-young who produced the first computer in Korea ▲ The third installment of Hanyang's people, an exhibition "With you forever, Yoo Jae-ha" memorializes the late Yoo Jae-ha (Department of Composition, '81) for his 30th anniversary, highlighting his life and works. You can see the guitar and piano he used and the LPs he collected. A section was prepared where you can listen to pop songs and other songs sung by him for his brother. ▲ On the 4th floor of the museum, there is a traditional art room. You can appreciate beautiful Korean pottery from Goryeo Celadon to Buncheong Ceramics and White Porcelain. Preparation for the future of the old ones At the museum, we are making efforts to improve the facilities for safe storage of relic monuments and the convenience of visitors. In the first half of 2017, the constant temperature and humidity controller of the storage room was replaced. Hanyang University Museum is recognized as an excellent institution among university museums. On the 2nd floor, the seminar room, which is a departure point for campus tours targeting high school students, was transformed with the sponsorship of a graduate named Gang Sung-Hui (Department of History, '75). The old outer wall, the museum cafe, and the benches are scheduled to be completely repaired in January. The lighting and showcases of the exhibition spaces are also scheduled to be improved according to recent trends. The permanent exhibition spaces on the 4th and 5th floors will be transformed considerably, aligning with the 80th anniversary of the opening in 2019. At the museum, we do various things besides the obvious exhibition preparation. Excavation of remains such as from Hanam I-sung Mountain Fortress, Hwaseong Dang Castle, and Seoul Amsa-dong are also important. It is also not easy to manage the excavated relics. Since all the artifacts uncovered from the earth are owned by the state, the artifacts stored under the consignment from the National Central Museum and Cultural Heritage Administration undergo periodic inspections every year. A project which is has recently begun is a collection database conversion project which is support by national funding. It is necessary to check the artifacts and update the data of all the collections are 30,000 in total. ▲ The new seminar room in Hanyang Museum A treasure trove worth sharing with others The museum is an institution in the school, but there are also more external visitors than we might realize. There are also educational programs such as a variety of special theme exhibitions and campus tours and career experience programs held in cooperation with the Seongdong Gwangjin Office of Education. In 2018, cultural courses for adults are being prepared. About eight courses will be prepared for each semester. Registered students can also apply for them. Besides these activities, since 2017, we have operated an internship program for students in collaboration with various departments. Through this program, students can learn about museum management and experience exhibition planning directly. Hwang Na-young, an academic researcher, said, "It is a pity that some students miss the opportunities offered by the museum," and "The Hanyang museum is in a good position, which is cool in the summer, warm in the winter, and has a rest area on the 4th floor. I'd like you to come and visit here to use it in comfort." The Hanyang University Museum plays a role as a cultural institution of the local community and plans to show a variety of programs in the future. ▲ Museum Family: from left, Cho Nam-cheol, museum director; Choi Hyo-young·Park Hee-ju·Hwang Na-young·Jang Myung-sun, academic researchers. Hanyang University E-Magazine/ Jan-Feb, 2018 (only in Korean)

2018-03 12

[Opinion][Op-Ed] #MeToo

Min Byung-doo, a member of the Korean National Assembly who was accused of sexual harassment through the widely spreading Me Too movement in South Korea, announced his decision to resign on the 10th of March, 2018. He is the first to voluntarily resign as a result of accusations brought forth by the Me Too movement. Likewise, the movement is gaining much power and influence in Korea, helping women from all walks of life to make their voices heard. The #Me Too movement is now a global movement. How it all started Now a global movement for women’s rights, Me Too was started in the United States in 2006 by Tara Burke and was popularized by Alyssa Milano. The movement gained international acknowledgment just last year when the renowned movie director Harvey Weinstein was accused of sexual harassment and non-consensual sex by more than 80 women. Among the accusers, famous actresses such as Gwyneth Paltrow and Eva Green were included. The phrase #MeToo started to be used on Twitter. The movement spread to other industries within the US, but also to other countries. Now it is estimated that the Me Too movement has been diffused to at least 85 countries worldwide including India, Canada, Japan, and the United Kingdom. Many of the cases involve people working in the same industry with male offenders in a higher position victimizing their female subordinates. Prosecutor Seo Ji-yeon on JTBC Newsroom. The screenshots subsequently say, 'What happened in 2010?' and 'Weren't there other people present, too?' (Photo courtesy of JTBC) Me Too, South Korea Korea, although a bit late, is catching up with the global trend. On January 29th, a brave prosecutor named Seo Ji-yeon reported her experience of sexual assault by her senior who, until this story was released on JTBC’s Newsroom, used to be the Justice Ministry’s Prosecution Bureau chief Ahn Tae-geun. She explained what happened at the funeral eight years ago, whether it was her intention or not, pulling the trigger of the Me Too movement in Korean society. Lee Jae-jung, previously a lawyer and now a congresswoman, showed her support the following day. Lee later shared her experience of sexual harassment, too. The Me Too movement in Korea then started to spread like a wildfire when students and staff anonymously accused renowned writers and celebrities. Poet Go Eun was one of the first big names to be reported. Lee Yoon-taek, Oh Tae-suk, Cho Geun-hyun, and the deceased Cho Min-gi followed in their wake. The movement that started with the legal industry was transmitted to the literary world and the film industry, where seniors and big names have god-like power over the wannabes. Men with power were accused of harassing or raping dozens of women in lower positions. Differences and problems; Korea is not a gender equal society Yet, there seems to be a significant difference between the Me Too movement in Korea and the US. While many famous actresses voiced out to report their experiences and publicly showed support to the movement in the US, the majority of the allegations made in Korea are anonymous. Some say that Korean women are putting less at stake by hiding behind anonymity, and that the movement can be misused to disgrace innocent people. There are already ‘believe-it-or-not’ stories of women threatening their ex-boyfriends or men they're in a hostile relationship with to ‘me-too’ them to the public. However, the truth behind so many Korean women choosing to wear the mask of anonymity to tell their stories is due to the presence of factual defamation and the secondary victimization by the public and the press. Factual defamation is a type of criminal offense where a person can be prosecuted for openly telling something about someone, although it is true. However, Korea still chooses to keep its factual defamation law, along with Myanmar, Kenya, and Indonesia, despite the advice from the United Nations Human Rights Committee to abolish the regulation in 2015. However, the Constitutional Court ruled factual defamation to be constitutional in the following year. It can be tough for victims of sexual violence to officially report the case to the police. That is due to the unique social atmosphere of Korea. Another reason is that there is an uncomfortable culture in Korea where the victim of sexual violence is often accused of being a gold digger or being the cause of the incident. Women luring men with the promise of sex and then threatening to report them to the police unless a settlement is paid is a scam called ‘flower-snakes (ggot-baem)’ in Korea. While only 0.05% of the total sexual violence cases turn out to be scams, it is often questioned whether the accusers are ‘real victims,' especially when the accused is a famous figure. The public's doubt and the press's articles written in an offender-friendly tone inflict secondary harm to the victims. In short, women in Korean society are already putting a lot at stake just by openly sharing their experiences. They could be prosecuted for hurting the offender’s reputation, be portrayed as a flower snake by the public, lose their job, or be counter-sued for calumny. Famous figures would have to put their entire career, as well as future opportunities, on the line to publicly support or participate in the Me Too movement. The fact that the participants of the movement are considered brave and the fact that women have to put their career at risk to tell the truth, shows how much is left for Korean society to improve to achieve equality. Kim So-yun

2018-03 08

[Infographics]Hanyang, received the 3rd largest amount of government subsidy

Hanyang University has the third largest amount of government subsidy in Korea. On January 29th, the Korea Higher Education Research Institute (KHERI) reported a list of private schools who have received large amounts of government subsidy in 2016. According to the report, Yonsei University ranked 1st receiving 315.5 billion won, followed by Korea University receiving 276.3 billion won. Hanyang University received 257.6 billion won, while Sungkyunkwan University received 220.2 billion won, followed by Kyunghee University receiving 141.7 billion won. The additional universities who had received government subsidy included POSTECH at 139.8 billion won, Konkuk University at 138 billion won, Ewha W. University at 123.9 billion, Youngnam University at 115billion won, and Chung-Ang University at 113.6 billion won. KHERI mentioned, “5 trillion, 514.7 billion won was given to private schools in 2016 as government subsidy, rating 22.6% of its earning.” It also reported that 8 out of 10 top universities receiving the most amount of government subsidy were located in the Seoul area (based on its original campus). KHERI added, excluding POSTECH, that the government subsidy was mainly given to large schools located in Seoul carrying more than 20 thousand students. For the amount of government subsidy given per student, POSTECH ranked in first place with 43.16 million won, followed by Korea University of Technology and Education (12.18 million won), Sungkyunkwan University (8.23 million won), Yonsei University (7.93 million won), Sogang University (7.9 million won), Hanyang University (7.79 million won), Korea University (7.41 million won), The Catholic University of Korea (72 million won), Ajou University (7.17 million won), and CHA University (6.71 million won). The amount of government subsidy given per student from the top 10 universities is 6.63 million won per student on average, compared to the 4.1 million won, which is the average amount given to 4 year private schools in Korea. The result is 2.53 million won higher. ▼ Government subsidy for private schools in Korea (unit: 100 million won, %) rank name amount percentage by total percentage by income amount of subsidy per student( 10 thousand won) 1 Yonsei 3105 5.6 21.0 793 2 Korea 2763 5.0 23.7 741 3 Hanyang 2576 4.7 30.2 779 4 Sungkyunkwan 2202 4.0 24.0 826 5 Kyunghee 1417 2.6 19.6 425 6 POSTECH 1398 2.5 33.1 4316 7 Konkuk 1380 2.5 22.8 481 8 Ewha Women's 1239 2.2 20.2 575 9 Young Nam 1150 2.1 24.9 458 10 Chung-Ang 1136 2.1 19.6 393

2018-03 06

[Opinion][Op-ed] The Backstage of the Olympics, Gwandong Hockey Center

The 2018 Pyeongchang Olympics finished successfully thanks to millions of people participating and lending a hand to the procedures of the Olympics. I myself also took part in the Gwandong Hockey Center, as a translator in the Sports Presentation Department (SPP) for 18 days. The actual field of the Olympics required much more work than normal people think and was concluded successfully due to the participants’ hard work. What was my job? The Olympics do not require solely the players on the field. For a game to run, announcers have to tell the crowd what’s going on and increase their excitement through music and videos. Various entertainment consisting of celebrity appearances and unique events during the intermission periods are also required. All of these tasks listed above are accomplished through the SPP. They mostly work inside the control room, divided as the audio, video, entertainment team and the announcers. Therefore, all of the videos, excluding the actual broadcast of the games, and all of the sound the spectators hear are the result of the SPP’s work. Within these complicated procedures, I worked as a translator on the video team, in the SPP of the Gwandong Hockey Center. The blue box seen in the center of the picture is the control room. As the Olympics are an international event, it is not only Koreans working behind the stage. On the video team, the team directors were American, with the rest of the video team – the editors, playback operators, camera directors and the runners being Korean. That meant that the translators had to know everything going on in the video team and had to make simultaneous translations during the whole Olympic period. Each person on the video team had their own roles, and translators had the extra job of writing daily reports related to all of the videos played that day. The SPPs schedule’ was decided by the number of games that day. People would go to work four hours before the start of the first game. The doors for the spectators open an hour and a half before the game, meaning they have to be fully ready in two hours. Therefore, when we had three games, we had to leave our accommodation at 7:20 a.m. in the morning and come back around 12:30 to 1:00 a.m. at night. People generally had four hours of sleep everyday and then continued their work. Playback operators checked new daily videos and kept track of them while the editors made new highlight videos of the games and various announcement videos. The camera directors and the runners went through the events and performances planned for the day, since their filming had to be played live on the electronic display board. All questions, instructions and comments were translated by me, including the cameras filming events and performances. Each and every one in the Olympics worked hard behind the scenes. The woman hockey, Team Corea Not only was Gwandong Hockey Center my workplace, but it was also the center of attention during the Olympics. North and South Korea’s unified team played in the Gwandong Hockey Center, pulling in great attention worldwide. Even though Team Corea lost their matches, media outlets around the world payed attention to the games and the incidents surrounding them. Personally, being able to watch all of the incidents going on in the arena, I was able to come back home with unique experiences. After Team Corea's game ended, loud cheers were heard in the arena. The cheer squad in red also caught the spectators' eyes during the game. During the first game of Team Corea, North Korea’s cheering squad was present in the arena. As I normally stand beside the stage before the game and during intermissions, I was able to have a full view of the spectators and was able to see flocks of red. Endless lines of women in red clothes entered, filling up the seats one by one in several groups all around the arena. They seemed to stay still, but all of a sudden, they started cheering all at once. They continued cheering during the pre-games and intermissions, with no one leaving for the bathroom whatsoever. Moreover, quite a lot of people from our country also participated in the cheers, making the arena even more active. This however resulted in all of the SPP outside the control room to have problems listening to the intercom, which was essential to continue our events and performances. As the translator, I stood with the camera director beside the stage and the speakers. I had already been struggling to hear over the loud noises, but I had to increase the volume of the intercom to the highest level in order to translate the director’s words accurately. The attendance of the cheer squad was indeed meaningful, but at the same time gave hardships to workers like us. There were a couple more incidents related to Team Corea’s games even after the first game. These gave me headaches as a staff. However, looking back at it, they were such unique experiences that no one else could ever have had. A group photo of the SPP crew. A lot more people than you think were behind the scenes during the Olympics. 18 days of lack of sleep and tension are now finished. Everyone was extremely stressed out and sharp to finish the Olympics successfully, but still had each other to rely on. I was able to meet such passionate, enthusiastic people in their own areas, and am extremely glad such a chance like this came across to me. On Jung-yun Photos by On Jung-yun

2018-03 01

[Special][Saranghandae] Hanyang University: A National Hub

Business. Theater and film. Electronics and computer engineering. Each with different majors, motives, and even nationality, one thing that ties an otherwise random group of students together is their identity as a Hanyang University student. Attending to a growing influx of students from all around the world, HYU shares the stories of three foreign students who are looking forward to and looking back on, their days in HYU. In an era of collapsing international borders, Hanyang University is serving as a major port for students looking to set foot in Korea. Korea, a country that has achieved economic development of unprecedented scale and speed, served as a benchmark case for many countries and economists. With leading manufacturers and experts in various fields such as telecommunication, semiconductors, and medicine, Korea also serves as a crucial hub for research and business. In recent years, the growth of Korean pop culture referred to as Hallyu, also known as the Korean wave, became another factor of attraction for foreigners. Among this crowd, a growing number of international students are turning to Korea as their destination for education and adventure. In turn, the role that HYU plays in catering to various academic interests and career pursuits of international students has gradually developed over the years. All Abroad Kim Yekaterina(Electronics and Computer Engineering 17) and Gustavo Kawashita(Theater and Film 17) have received their acceptance letters not much long ago. Excitement and laughter were shared as they traded stories of their initial experience in HYU. The first thing they related to was their reason for coming to Korea; extensive education. Yekaterina was from Kazakhstan, where she had already finished her bachelor program in telecommunications. The sole purpose of her decision to come to Korea was to continue her education, and Korea happened to be one of the most prominent countries in the field of telecommunications. For Gustavo, who is from Brazil, the purpose of his venture was to learn the ins and outs of Korean production. First captured by Korean culture through K-pop, Gustavo recalled that his first Korean film, Old Boy, left him mesmerized. “I felt that Korean productions had their own color, different from Japanese, American, or Brazilian productions”. As a student already deeply involved in photography, filming, and editing, he felt a strong desire to study and understand how Korean films and soap operas were created. Although their areas of interest had not much in common, Yekaterina and Gustavo both shared an urge to learn from Korea in their respective fields. They both added that Korea also offered more scholarship opportunities than most countries. Another common trait was how they decided on HYU as their destination. Having no prior knowledge of Korean universities, Yekaterina and Gustavo referred to a list of Korean university ranking. HYU had a reputable program in their respective fields, which led them to their decisions. In addition, the two students shared great empathy in their experiences learning the Korean language. Having studied in the Hanyang Institute of International Education both students recalled how difficult it was to learn Korean in the beginning. “Looking back, the language institute helped me learn Korean very efficiently within the time that I was given. However, it was often stressful at the time, as they pushed us to study a lot” Gustavo answered. Yekaterina replied that she can now verbally express 60 to 70 percent of her thoughts in Korean, and expects that it will take about two more years for her to communicate her emotions to full extent. Both students pointed out that finding the right words to express their exact feelings was the hardest barrier at the moment. Despite their similarities, the Hanyang experience that Yekaterina and Gustavo are living is quite different from one another. For one, Yekaterina is in a graduate program, where extensive research and studying is required from her. She explained that the form of education in Korea is very different from that of Kazakhstan or the United States. “The Korean way of education is stressful but very efficient. I am learning more intensively compared to my undergraduate years”. Meanwhile, Gustavo is in an undergraduate program, getting used to life as a university student in Korea in the same manner as his peers. He expressed happiness as he talked of his experiences making new friends and attending department events. The change in the perception of Korea and Koreans were also quite different. Regarding stereotypes and misconceptions, Gustavo answered that he did not have much understanding or bias about Koreans before his visit. However, he soon began observing and understanding how Koreans lived and interacted. He pointed out the language institute as having played a great role in his understanding of Korean culture, as it was his initial place of education and interaction. Although there were many similarities between Koreans and Brazilians, such as being energetic, passionate, and that Gustavo noticed was the social form of respect. Though both cultures cherish the value of respect, he pointed out that there was a stricter form of hierarchy in Korea. He confessed that he was initially very cautious about talking to professors or seniors in his department. However, he is now grateful, as it was an experience that made him more open and respectful of other cultures. Yekaterina explained that there is a stereotype in Kazakhstan that Koreans do not get angry. There is a perception that Korean people are generally kind and gentle. She laughed as she added that no one completely believes it. “It obviously couldn’t be true. How could humans not get angry?”. Also, she mentioned that there is a wide belief that Koreans are quick to hide their emotions. After spending a year at HYU, Yekaterina realized that although most of the stereotypes were not true, she understood how they came to be. “Koreans are very strict about their attitude in the public and personal environment. People are very professional and strict in their workplace, but become much more expressive and friendly after work”. She jokingly added that it becomes even more so when people get together to drink after work, a gathering quite common in Korea. Kim Yekaterina Gustavo Kawashita Li Yu(李宇) "More often than not, you will discover that Korean students were eager to help you out." Bon voyage Li Yu(Business Administration 14) is a student from China, who entered Hanyang University with a dream to establish a business that connects Korea and China. Graduating this year, he plans to continue his study in HYU, pursuing a master’s degree in the Department of Strategic Management. Recalling the moment of his decision to come to Korea and Hanyang University, he began by explaining his heritage. Referred to as the Chosun race, Yu belongs to a nationality that shares its roots in both Korea and China. Therefore, the two cultures were naturally quite familiar to him, providing him with an insight in planning a business venture between the two countries. Yu’s decision to enter Hanyang University was deeply influenced by his cousin, who was himself a graduate of the Business Administrations department. He advised Yu that the Hanyang business courses revolved around the principle of entrepreneurship, supporting start-up ventures and business establishments. Recognizing a critical relation to his future goals, Yu applied to the department of Business Administrations Looking back on his years as an undergraduate, Yu expressed satisfaction and happiness. “There are hardly any negative memories that I can recall”. He confessed that it was difficult to make friends at first, as he did not share the same life experiences with his peers. “I grew up in a different environment, and it was hard to find a common trait”. However, he was approached by many friends who were interested and curious about Chinese culture. Furthermore, he was part of a start-up club in the Business Administration department, where Chinese and Korean students with similar ideas could be paired into start-up groups. There he made many friends with similar interests and hobbies. Yu also had a part-time job in the Office of International Affairs until his graduation, where he developed a sense of solidarity with the school staff. In addition, he was given a number of opportunities to travel in Korea, supported through scholarships and various programs. “I think I spent more money on travels in China than in Korea”. As a word of advice for fellow international students entering HYU, Yu emphasized the importance of approaching with a smile. “From my experience, Korean students are just as willing to become friends as we are. Most of the time, both parties just find it too awkward to talk to each other. Whether it’s getting help with something or befriending someone, just find the courage to approach with a smile. More often than not, you will discover that Korean students were eager to help you out”. By. Lee Chang-hyun(student reporter)

2018-02 12

[Special]Changing Events for Freshmen

The freshmen of 2018 only have a few weeks left until they begin a brand new chapter in their university life. Before becoming an actual university student, various freshman events are usually prepared for a better, more comfortable start. Student council members from all departments thoroughly prepare for the best event, as it is the first encounter between the new students and Hanyang University (HYU). However, various controversies have been arising and have required alteration. Before-semester programs for freshmen Commonly at HYU, there are two events prepared for freshmen. Commonly known as ‘Mi-teo’ and ‘Sae-teo’, freshmen have the chance to meet their seniors and friends. Mi-teo and sae-teo are usually the first event that freshmen face while they are awaiting the start of school. These events are not official but still take up a lot of a freshmen’s school life. They can not only meet their friends and seniors, but they can also receive information that helps them proceed in their school life. However, there is also a dark side to these events. Various divisions accommodate in various places. (Photo courtesy of HYU Division of International Studies) There have been constant issues at this time of year regarding sae-teo. Various incidents related to safety or sexual harassment have happened each year, and quite a lot of people have made opinions on these alterations. Currently in HYU, The student councils from all departments have been making new measures for better safety each year, hoping for improvement through frequent meetings. The Seoul Campus has started their first sae-teo with the College of Business on the 11th. However, a lot of discussion had taken place in order to make this year’s events happen. At the start of this year, the Ministry of Education announced that all 4-year-universities must “proceed the orientation in the school, only for a day without any accommodations.” This announcement was hard-pushed mentioning that each division’s budget can be reduced when proceeding with the sae-teo before March, as freshmen aren’t official students of HYU before then. As a lot of people were sensitive to safety issues, HYU could not ignore the announcement that came down from the Ministry of Education. Different programs have been made to allow freshmen to settle into school. (Photo courtesy of HYU Division of International Studies) A change needed in the long-run The presidents from all departments had extremely frequent meetings within the division and between other departments, as they had already been proceeding with these events. On the official Facebook page of HYU's emergency planning committee, a statement was uploaded explaining the difficulties of having to cancel all events that had been planned. After a number of meetings, the president of HYU allowed the planned events to proceed with a couple of divisions, cancelling or delaying the sae-teo. It is inevitable for the school to take a careful stance since the overall responsibility for student safety is on the school. As many students have to go out of school to accommodate their events in another area, the possibilities for accidents increases. Moreover, as alcohol is included in the midst of these events, even more accidents can occur. The various, so-called, ‘cultures’ of universities are one of the people’s most worrisome problems, such as talent shows and the forcing of one to drink. All divisions and departments of HYU are, therefore, eliminating these talent shows and are making extra education programs regarding alcohol and sexual harassment issues. While they might not be perfect, they are, indeed, trying their best. More consideration is needed for freshmen events. (Photo courtesy of Hanyang University) It is obvious that students should be safe no matter what. Issues regarding budgets and in-school orientations are again a problem that needs to be dealt with in the near future. A radical change is not something that gives the best result. A long-term solution and plan needs to be considered by both the school and the students, as they feel the problems surrounding them. The culture is already gradually changing. It is time to gradually speed up this procedure so that these freshmen events can still remain--with its strength emphasized to its best. On Jung-yun