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2017-08 27

[Special][Op-ed] Accommodation, Ready to go?

Logistical problems and accommodation issues have always been a huge concern before large multinational events like the Olympics. With time ticking down, Pyeongchang Olympics is scheduled to start from February 9, 2018, which means that a lot has to be done within five months’ period. 2018 Pyeongchang Olympics is the largest scale in the Winter Olympics history with the highest number of participants, countries, events, and medals yet the thought of something being missing is hard to dispel. After some thorough research about the accommodations of Pyeongchang province, agreements have reached that there is a lot to be done about the issue. What is the main problem? According to Pyeongchang province, estimated number of accommodation facilities needed during the Olympics period is over 54,500 rooms with the number of visitors being 140 thousand per day along with directly related people (IOC committee, media, national teams) being around 50 thousand. During the Chef de Mission Seminar Pyeongchang 2018, issues have been raised about the accommodation and transportation around venue cities. Although the construction of the venues has impressed the committee, the problem was that since Pyeongchang is a mountain cluster, vital team officials and coaches would have to move to coastal cluster around Gangreung province or even further. As for the transportation, although KTX trains are scheduled to run on 20 minute intervals during Olympics period from Seoul to Pyeongchang, lack of shuttle bus within the city has been one of the problems pointed out by the officials. During the International Bobsleigh & Skeleton Federation World Cup held in Pyeongchang from March 17 to 19, the shuttle buses were available at 30 minute intervals uphill towards the stadium, but the audience had to stop at mid-point for a safety check-up and must walk the remaining distance. Getting back to the main point of accommodation, due to the hotels being fully booked in Pyeongchang, the price of the room charge has skyrocketed to 5 to 10 times compared to regular season. It is estimated that motels and 3 star hotels would charge about $700 to $800 or even more per night for double-bed standard rooms. Some of the Airbnb studio flats around Gangreung demanded $5 thousand for 20 days of stay. Gangreung province tourism officials have stated that it is hard to control the charge rate set by individual accommodation businesses due to autonomic price policy. The cheapest fee for media teams are set at $250 per night which is higher than 2010 London Olympics ($100 per night average), 2014 Sochi Olympics ($180 per night average) and similar to 2016 Rio Olympics ($254 per night in average). In addition, the parking fee for all Olympic facilities for one-month period costs $4,715 which is about $900 more expensive compared to 2014 Sochi Olympics parking fee. Some of these fees are set for appropriation of expenses by the organization committee and they are at about $2.6 billion deficit in budget. It is hard to say that the costs would be rational for international visitors staying in Korea during the Olympics season. From top left to clockwise, speed skating, ice hockey, short track, and bobsleigh stadium. (Photo courtesy of Wikitree) What are the solutions? A lot of experts have agreed that it would be a waste of budget to create huge hotels which will be less of use after the Olympics. It would be wiser to consider creating simple facilities that would be more efficient considering the costs needed to build large hotels. One of the solutions could be the caravans. In 2015, Mungyeong International Military Sports Council World Games has been held in Korea with 7,045 representative squad participating from 117 countries. Although it has not been as large scale as the Olympics, they have provided 350 caravans as the provisional residence for the national team members. The overall cost needed to provide 350 caravans was only $3.1 million which could have been $70 million if the committee had decided to provide proper building facilities. Looking at Germany’s Octoberfest, the largest beer festival held in München for 2 weeks, 14 huge tents accommodate six million visitors with only three months of preparation. This is a highly efficient festival with low costs and Pyeongchang would have to focus on it in order to be the main city. Obviously it will be hard to provide huge tents as accommodation in Pyeongchang considering the weather, but it is highly possible to create camping facilities with big tents providing a glamping experience for the visitors at the same time. Cruise hotel used in 2014 Sochi Olympics (Photo courtesy of Samsung) The last solution could be to provide cruise hotels around the eastern coast of Korea as they have already tried during 2010 Vancouver Olympics and 2014 Sochi Olympics. During the Vancouver Olympics, three large vessels have been used as accommodation and during the Sochi Olympics, 100 thousand tons weight of cruise has been used as a provisional residence. As the Pyeongchang Olympics is to be the largest scale Winter Olympics, huge expectations lie ahead of it. Although the solutions suggested so far may not be the only ones, it seems quite reasonable and highly efficient considering the fact that these solutions have already been used during diverse national events. Since Olympics is the global festival for all, I hope that all accommodation problems and pricing issues are solved to provide a positive appearance of Korea towards the visitors. Pyeongchang Olympics official mascots, Soohorang and Banabi (Photo courtesy of Ohmynews) Kim Seung Jun nzdave94@hanyang.ac.kr

2017-07 24

[Special]Dokkebi, the Korean Goblins

Korean goblins, known as dokkebi, are often described with high horns, big eyes, clothes made out of tiger leather, and carrying an iron mace. These goblins often appear in old Korean tales and if we take a careful look into these tales, it is not hard to find that the image that people have about dokkebi is quite wrong. The idea of dokkebi with horns came from Japan’s Oni, which is a Japanese version of goblin. The famous story of “old man with a lump” is also what has been spread to Korea during Japanese colonial times. Diverse types of myths exist on where they came from, but it is hard know where they really came from. Different Types of Dokkebi Bride dokkebi is the only goblin with the shape of a beautiful lady. They are known to appear at night to fool around with drunk men. They have the best trait of a dokkebi in that they lure people well. Most of the men who are lured by the bride dokkebi are found under the bridges or inside the bushes talking nonsense. These goblins showed traits of god which rewards the good and punish the bad. One-eyed dokkebi is one of the most famous goblin which are known to appear in Jeolla province or around Jeju island. Other than being one-eyed, they have good appetite which can be guessed from their huge mouth and belly. With their appetite, they sneak into people’s houses and eat up buckwheat jelly, steamed rice cake, and rice wine as much as they could then disappear the next morning. One-legged dokkebi is also one of the most popular characters used in the traditional comics and tales. Although they only have one leg, they love doing Korean wrestling (ssireum). They are known to smell fishy and because they have one leg, it seems easy to beat them but it’s actually harder to win against them for some reason. One tip for winning against them is to push them towards the left since they won’t move an inch being pushed towards the right. Later on, these creatures have been brought back into the spotlight as TV drama characters. This is a commonly mistaken idea of how dokkebi looks like which is actually Oni, a Japanese goblin. (Photo courtesy of fr.aliexpress.com) Dokkebi in Korean soap opera Dokkebi became quite an issue through Korean drama earlier this year. By recreating the image of dokkebi in the modern world, it depicted the goblin as a god-like figure with ultimate power. Although some scenes described dokkebi different from what it should have been, there were aspects similar with the conventional goblin in Korean traditional tales. Dokkebi has been depicted as a god-like figure in modern day drama (Photo courtesy of tvN) These goblins are known to be well adapted to warfare and they are born from old broomsticks, furniture, or materials that have human blood on it. The dokkebi from the drama is also a great warrior and was born from a sword stained with blood. Real, or older dokkebi is generally depicted as a huge, hairy man who enjoys wearing white trousers and bamboo braided hat. Drama depicted the goblin as tall, handsome man (being hairy yet to be identified) who wears a stylish outfit. As for the characteristics they have, it shares quite similar traits while being quite different suited to modern day style. These goblins are known to be party animals being surrounded by people all night long drinking rice wine. They are quite naïve that they are tricked by humans a lot. In addition, they are known to be playful yet ill tempered. The drama shares a similar trait in that they are competitive yet naive. Other than that, this goblin does not enjoy being around people or drinking alcohol a lot. As such, the character of dokkebi created in the modern drama refers to the original idea of the goblin although changes have been made to suit the modern day viewers. As such, there are diverse types of dokkebi in Korea and the list would go on ranging from baby ones to elderly and even the furniture being a type of dokkebi. Although some of them may seem quite different from humans, a lot of Korean goblins share a similar trait that they reward the good and punish the bad. For they are quite fair and square, it would be best to be kind to people around you to avoid any mishaps. Korean dokkebi would look similar to this picture, a hairy man without horns. (Photo courtesy of blog.naver.com/kcis) Kim Seung-jun nzdave94@hanyang.ac.kr

2017-05 01

[Special]All About Balling

After having searched for some of the most popular sports around the world, the rankings differ from each media but one thing for sure is that basketball is definitely one of the most beloved sports for sure. I myself also love basketball so much that I play it at least once a week. This editorial would be focusing on some of the differences in regulations and rules of NBA (National Basketball Association) and KBL (Korean Basketball League) and highlight some of the top players in each league. Updates on the playoffs information would also be provided. Rules & regulations Pointing out the rules of basketball from A to Z would be a whole list of boredom. Instead, some of the key differences in regulations that exist between NBA and KBL would be pointed out. First off, there is the differences in the game time between the two leagues. Although both leagues have 4 quarters in a game, NBA has 12 minutes in every quarter while KBL is only 10 minutes per quarter adding up to 48 minutes and 40 minutes of game time respectively. Although KBL has once decided to extend the time into 12 minutes in 2014-15 season, there has been an outcry of opposition among fans and players which made it postpone its decision. Some of the main reason for this was health conditions of players, and with less energy, the game would definitely become loose losing more fans. 2017 Hall of Famer Tracy McGrady (left) and his team mate Yao Ming (right) (Photo courtesy of clutchpoints.com) Some of the most fascinating plays could be the dunks that players slam down into the hoop but nowadays, 3 pointers are being widely loved in the NBA as we could see in the case of Stephen Curry. There was the famous “T-Mac Time” as a lot of NBA fans remember it. It was when Tracy McGrady has scored 13 points in the final 33 seconds against San Antonio Spurs with 3 pointers. NBA has the 3-point line drawn in a 7.24m distance while KBL is 6.75m. 3 pointer regulation have been brought into the NBA in 1979 for a more advantageous play by players with shorter heights. As for the foul-outs, NBA regulates 6 fouls to be fouled out while KBL only allows 5. Technical fouls, which are given with more aggressive and ill-mannered plays, are given twice before a player is ejected from the game which is the same for the both leagues. This could be one reason why KBL basketball players may seem to play with more cautiousness while defending an opponent. Playoff ladder These are the playoff ladders from each league. There are 30 teams in the NBA all separated in either East Conference or the West Conference and it is categorized into smaller divisions - Northwest, Pacific, Southwest, Atlantic, Central, Southeast. KBL does not categorize the teams into divisions since it is a much smaller league compared to the NBA. Current status on NBA playoffs. (Photo courtesy of NBA) KBL consists of 10 teams and 6 teams compete in the playoffs while NBA has 16 teams competing. In the case of NBA, top 8 teams from regular season in each division are selected for the playoffs which makes it sometimes unfair for some of the teams. This is because the 9th team from a particular division may have more wins than some of the teams competing in the playoffs from an opposite division. Although there are some on going arguments on the level differences of East and West divisions, it seems that NBA would keep this system for now. Current status on KBL playoffs. (Photo courtesy of KBL) As of today, NBA’s most of the conference semi-final teams have been decided with only one spot left to go. Being tied at 3-3, Los Angeles Clippers and Utah Jazz would compete for the last remaining spot. Key players It’s not just something about the NBA, but there are so many types of records they keep on players. One of the MVP candidates that we need to eye on this season from the NBA is Russell Westbrook. He has set up some magnificent numbers on the board with a season triple-double (averaging more than 2-digit numbers in scores, assists, rebounds) although Oklahoma Thunder was unable to enter the conference semi-finals. Russell Westbrook's 2016-17 seasonal statistics. (Photo courtesy of NBA) As for KBL, although they keep a separate record from foreign players to domestic players, it seems that Andre Emmett is showing a high performance ranking the 1st in scoring, field goals made, and free throws made. Andre Emmett's profile (Photo courtesy of KBL) After taking a look at some of the differences in the NBA and KBL, it seems that although there have been some minor distinctions between the two leagues, they exist to make the games more exciting to watch. Enjoy the warm weather and breeze and play some basketball games outside as the exam period is over and keep an eye out for who would be the champions of both leagues. Kim Seung-jun nzdave94@hanyang.ac.kr

2017-03 20 Important News

[Special]How To Be the Top Student

Romance and lethargy along with the spring breeze is yet to be seen on campus, with a tsunami of exams and assignments silently creeping up. The campus, filled with the energetic vibes of students, will soon turn to chaos with the exam period approaching. Since being prepared is better than not, News H gathered ssome great tips from six students with excellent grades. They give insight into studying more efficiently, and most importantly, becoming the top student of your department! Mastering the art When attending a variety of classes, team projects are often required- they could be a box of chocolates or Pandora's box if unlucky. As was said famously in the movie 'Forrest Gump', “You never know what you’re going to get.” Sometimes one may do all the work alone, or, if lucky, people would do their equal share unlike the freeriders who only add their names to the final presentation. No Kyung-min (Division of International Studies 3rd year), the top student of the 2016 spring semester, always studies regularly. As for the assignments, he completes it the day he receives the instructions. “I have a habit of reading books out loud as if I’m teaching myself. It works for me,” said No. He recommends students to look for the flow in information and obtain new knowledge by conversing with fellow classmates.“ As for team projects, it's important to set deadlines and evenly distribute the work,” No added. Lee Soo-bin uses diagrams, notes, and colored pens for taking notes. (Photos courtesy of Lee) Lee Soo-bin (Department of Dance, 2nd year) is the top student of 2016 with an average GPA of 4.4. The Dance Department consists of three majors: Korean Dance, Modern Dance, and Ballet. Lee is majoring in Korean Dance. “Sometimes the assignment is to perform a dance out of my own creation,” said Lee. In departments that require such performances, Lee believes that it is most important to practice- over and over again. She also has a habit of reading, writing, and speaking out loud at the same time when studying. “Assignments are an extension of what you learn in lectures, so what is learnt in class should be utilized to the fullest for perfect understanding,” Lee concluded. Park Sung-woo (Department of Computer Science, 2nd year) is also the top student of 2016, with an average GPA of 4.35. Park usually studies for an average of one hour every day. A habit of Park's is to take notes on everything in class, although it may not make sense at the time. “Most people do not like to preview class materials, which is the same for me. That’s why studying for exams and handing in assignments should be done on a regular basis,” said Park. Kim Han-gyeol has experience in producing animation and design. (Photos courtesy of Kim) Kim Han-gyeol (Department of Entertainment Design, ERICA, 3rd year) was the top student in the 2015 fall semester, with a GPA of 4.46. Since Kim is attending the College of Design, a lot of exams are replaced with midterm and final assignments. A tip that Kim provides is to get the confirmation from professors from time to time while doing assignments. “It not only leaves a good impression, but it also helps greatly in creating better work.” As for most of the exams, Kim prepares for about two weeks. “I have a revision session which I repeat about four times,” said Kim. As with other top students, Kim also writes and reads out loud while studying. Bae Da-hui (Division of Advertising & Public Relations, ERICA, 4th year) is the overall top student with an average GPA of 4.25. The thing about Bae is that she doesn't take notes during class. “No matter how good you are at multitasking, you would lose concentration as time goes,” said Bae. She studies for about three hours a day with intense focus. As with other top students, Bae also reads, writes, and speaks out loud while studying. “You should memorize with your own method of storytelling. It really helps a lot." Kim Hee-ryung's work from last semester. (Photos courtesy of Kim) Kim Hee-ryung (Department of Applied Art Education, 3rd year) is the top student overall, with an average GPA of 4.28. Her department is divided into Pure Fine Arts and Applied Arts. A lot of the exams are replaced by presentation portfolios consisting of a storyline with the intention of expressing th entire semest'er work piece, materials, and technique. “It is important to have a purpose for creating a work piece and how it should be made,” said Kim. A habit of Kim is to scribble down notes on a spare piece of paper. “Projects should be done with mutual respect and preparation of everything should be done beforehand,” concluded Kim. Like other top students, Kim Hee-ryung has a habit of reading out loud. (Photo courtesy of Kim) We all know that there is no shortcut to studying. Even if you have photographic memory, what good would it be if the knowledge cannot be applied because of not having understood it fully? Some of the tips provided above may have seemed too basic, but remember, in the end, it is always the basics that produce great results. Kim Seung-jun nzdave94@hanyang.ac.kr

2017-03 13 Important News

[Special]Fashion Meets Hanyang

As the new semester begins, bright colors light up the whole campus. Different shades of clothes reflect the fresh mindset of students, yet some newcomers find the new freedom of wearing whatever they choose, unlike high school, to be difficult. News H has been busily bustling through campus to find stylish students who can provide fashion tips for the freshmen. S/S Hanyang Men Left: Jin Shil Right: Park Byung-jun Jin Shil (Department of Mechanical Engineering 4th year) enjoys his neat sense of style. “I have always thought that wearing fancy clothes is too uncomfortable for me.” Jin has placed fashion emphasis on his shoes matching the color of his bicycle. “I think that my style is what most average people wear. I would like to try a leather jacket once the weather gets warmer,” said Jin. Tips for freshmen: “Try some basic items such as sweaters or shirts. Clothes with no patterns may seem boring, but they are essential items to own.” Park Byung-jun (Division of International Studies 3rd year) likes dressing himself in casual street wear. When asked about his style of the day, Park said: “Today, I have my vintage X-large size Adidas hoodie on, and I mean vintage.” Both Park and Jin wanted an everyday casual look that would blend in with others. Park wishes to try some popular and expensive street brands such as Supreme in the future. Tips for freshmen: “Have confidence in yourself. It’s always good to look your best while you can becauese during exams everyone will be wearing the same dull sweats.” Left: Lee Hyun-hu Right: Kim Do-un Lee Hyun-hu (Department of Organic and Nano Engineering 2nd year) usually likes to wear work style clothes. Being a student, Lee mostly shops in relatively cheaper roadside shops. “I really love wearing hats since it covers up my hair but adds a point to my look,” said Lee. “I want to try checkerboard pants next.” Tips for freshmen: “Clothes that seem 'pretty' may not suit you. Ask the female students for some fashion advice. It helps a lot!” Kim Do-un (Department of Clothing & Textiles 2nd year) loves tone-on-tone coordination and prefers tone-downed colors. Kim is also fond of normcore (norm + hardcore) or the Amekaji (American + casual) style as well. “I sometimes create clothes to suit my look like the pants I'm wearing today,” said Kim. Kim stresses the importance of color sense and how they are matched together. Tips for freshmen: “Try reading fashion magazines such as Vogue or HYgenic. Follow the trend but always maintain your own sense of style. Do not care about what others think of your fashion.” S/S Hanyang Women Left: Kim Kyung-min Right: Son Yoon-ju Kim Kyung-min (Department of Business 3rd year) does not have a set style that she wears. She likes to try different items. “I tried matching this flower pattern with a black long coat for a subdued calm look,” said Kim. She stresses that no matter how pretty the clothes may look being comfortable is the best. “I also try to maximize the merits of my body type by wearing crop tops since I have a thin waist,” added Kim. Tips for freshmen: “Different types of clothes need to be experimented to maximize the merits of your body and your style. Make-up is an important part of fashion as well.” Son Yoon-ju (Department of Techno Product Design 2nd year) enjoys shopping in designer select shops since they display a variety of similar styles. “Clothes that can be worn for a long time is the best since it can blend in with what you wear later on,” said Son. “I want to try the Amekaji style that is popular nowadays. Long fatigue skirts along with checkerboard shirts would make me look like a tomboy.” Tips for freshmen: “Clothes can be the tools to cover your weaknesses. Being aware of your style and body shape is something to consider.” Left: Hwang Sang-young Right: Choi Hye-won Hwang Sang-young (Department of Japanese Language & Culture 3rd) loves wearing basic items and making a one-point focus with hats, shoes, or bags. She enjoys shopping in SPA brands due to the vast styles available. “I don’t really know what being yourself means. Being natural could be defined as being you, I guess,” commented Hwang. Tips for freshmen: “I would recommend denim textiles for casual looks or light toned colors since spring is approaching.” Choi Hye-won (Division of Advertising & Public Relations 4th year) usually wears classic style of clothes. “I usually love clothes with vivid colors like the this fleece I have on today,” said Choi. “I love cute designs and that is why I can’t stop using them to emphasize lovely styling points for each day,” she added. She would like to try more formal styles as she gets older. Tips for freshmen: “Try a lot of different clothes and match them in different ways to create your own style. Don’t forget to take a lot of pictures!” Reasonable and efficient fashion tips have been brought to you by the eight students who happily accepted the interviews. As spring approaches and the weather gets warmer, News H hopes to see more lively and vivid colors from freshmen to express their own identity and fashion sense. Remember that being yourself is the best way to being a fashion icon. Kim Seung-jun nzdave94@hanyang.ac.kr Photos by Kim Youn-soo

2017-03 05 Important News

[Special][LIFESTYLE] Homemade Korean Food

Selecting the right ingredients to plating beautifully makes a great cook, but, ordinary people, who live on mere bread and rice as their meals, find it difficult to cook proper food for themselves. Although quite modest compared to fancy dishes served in restaurants, the following are some of the most beloved meals for Koreans. Recipes for gimbap, soybean sprout bulgogi, and royal stir-fried rice cake now follows, so be ready to take notes. Gimbap Ingredients: dried seaweed, cucumber, egg, carrot, pickled radish, imitation crab meat, ham, rice, sesame oil, someone to go on a picnic with Top: Chop up the ingredients evenly. Bottom: Stir-fry the ingredients. Top: Roll up the ingredients on the dried seaweed. Bottom: Cut the gimbap to the size you want. Enjoy your picnic with gimbap! Soybean sprout bulgogi (two servings) Ingredients: soybean sprout, pork loin, spring onion, onion, winter mushroom, sesame leaf, cooking wine, soy sauce, sugar, crushed garlic, chili powder, red chili paste, (sesame seed, sesame oil – optional), someone to invite to your place From top left, clockwise (1-4) 1: Pour in 300g of soybean sprout 2: Chop up the spring onions and onion. Add to the pan 3: Add the winter mushroom according to your taste 4: Cut up 10 sesame leaves and add 400g of pork loin From left to right (5-6) 5: Mix together cooking wine, soy sauce, sugar, crushed garlic, chili powder, red chili paste at a 1:1:1:1:1 ratio and add in ½ tablespoons of crushed garlic and sesame oil 6: Pour the sauce on top and add in sesame seed to your taste Boil the ingredients on the pan until the meat is well-cooked. Royal stir-fried rice cake (two servings) Ingredients: rice cake, beef sirloin, onion, paprika, oyster mushroom, spring onion, sugar, soy sauce, crushed garlic, (sesame seed, sesame oil, pepper – optional), someone to enjoy your food 1 paprika, 400g beef sirloin, 1 spring onion, ½ onion, oyster mushroom as preferred From top left, clockwise (1-4) 1: Pour in 100ml water, 2 tablespoons of sugar, and cook the beef 2: Add in 50ml soy sauce and 1 tablespoon of crushed garlic 3: Put 300g rice cake into the pan 4: Throw in the rest of the vegetables From left to right (5-6) 5: Add some sesame seeds, 1 tablespoon of sesame oil and pepper to your taste 6: Do some plating for your visitor and enjoy the food These simple steps will turn you into a great cook even without the lavish plating skills or the senses of a professional cook. Preferences differ from person to person, so the recipe can be modified and custom-made according to your own taste. Always remember: confidence in cooking is the first step to becoming an excellent chef. Invite your partner, friends, or family to your home this weekend and let them taste the best homemade Korean food- made by none other than you! Kim Seung-jun nzdave94@hanyang.ac.kr Photos by Kim Seung-jun

2017-02 20

[Special][TRAVEL] Take Two: Gwangju

Especially famous for its diverse types of food, Gwangju is a city worth being visited by anyone. This article covers some of the famous places within Gwangju that will dazzle its wayfarers. News H paid a real visit to capture its beauty and relish in its ambience firsthand. [1913 Songjeong Market] Located in front of the KTX station, this market is one of the most accessible places to visit. The market opened with the construction of Songjeong Train Station, and its entrance sign proudly boasts its year of completion- 1913. While keeping the traditionality within the market, it has been remodeled to attract the younger generation to the markets, creating a trendy and tidy place to go shopping. On the pavements, in front of every store, the year of the store's grand opening is engraved, which gives the site an increased sense of heritage. 1913 Songjeong Market connects the past with the present. [Penguin Village] Famous for its wall paintings, Penguin Village is possibly one of the most artistic villages in Korea. Although the place is not big in scale, a lot of art figures and paintings decorate the whole village making it a hot spot for photographers. It was once an abandoned village only inhabited by the elderly. The way the inhabitants walked resembled that of penguins, which is why the village was named in such a way. The people who lived in the village started decorating the place with pieces of junk- it developing into a form of art, people started to pique interest in the Penguin Village. Penguin Village is one of the most artistic and picturesque villages in Korea. Tours with different themes are offered by the village, as well. [5.18 Memorial Park] On May 18, 1980, Gwangju and the Jeolla Province held massive democratic demonstrations against the new military regime, leading a coup to topple the government at the time. Countless citizens, including students and the elderly, were injured or killed during the incident, as orders to massacre civilians came from the then-government and President. The Memorial Park was created in Gwangju in order to commemorate and atone those who fought for democracy and justice. The park consists of a 5.18 reference room, auditorium, statues, fountain squares and other convenience facilities. People visit the park to commemorate the victims or simply take a peaceful stroll along its paths. The Memorial Park is appreciated by the many, reminding them of the 5.18 tragedy. Maintained by Gwangju Metropolitan City, Gwangju's tourism website provides tour schedules and optimal routes for visitors. It would be a great idea to plan a visit to the city in all its tranquility as a short trip before the new semester begins. Click here for the website Kim Seung-jun nzdave94@hanyang.ac.kr Photos by Kim Seung-jun

2016-12 04

[Special]Korean Hip-Hop from the US

Hip-hop influences the culture and lifestyles of today's youths. As more and more people aspire to become rap stars, wannabe rappers upload their mixtapes online for people to listen to. Through this process, they become associated with music labels and groups, or join entertainment agencies. Some Korean rappers are now active overseas and MKIT RAIN, a hip-hop label based in Los Angeles, is of substantive support to them. The name MKIT RAIN comes from the phrase 'make it rain', which is widely used in the hip-hop scenes as is throwing money in the air. This shows people the pride and goal of the musicians of the fact that they will earn enormous amounts of money as rappers. As for the members of the label, there are: Loopy, Nafla, Bloo, Owen Ovadoz, and Young West. The label was established on 22nd January, 2016 by Loopy, Nafla, and Bloo. Strong characteristics As many rappers wish to create their rap name into something that best contains their character and music style, Loopy creates songs with tight beats and lyrics. The name Loopy comes from 'loop', which is the repetition of a song. It also holds the meaning 'half insane'. Although Loopy has not lived in the United States for as long as the other members of MKIT RAIN, he has his unique flows that appear original in taste. Loopy won the Best Mixtape Song of the Year 2015 from Hiphop LE, an online webzine and community for African-American music. “The goal of MKIT RAIN is to bring the native [US] hip-hop vibe to Korea. We would like to introduce the new genre of hip hop,” said Loopy during an interview with Wikitree. “Korea seems to concentrate only on the fashion of hip-hop and that's not all there is to the genre,” he added. Nafla came up with his name from some words written on a fizzy drink. 'Natural flavor' combined together becomes his name, Nafla. Born in Los Angeles, he used to work with 42 crew members, most of whom are now in the MKIT RAIN records. Nafla’s rap style used to be very aggressive since it was used to show his sense of anger until now. He is currently at the stage of finding his real music style. “We knew that our first official concert, First Class, would be sold out. A lot of people are interested in our group and we have been preparing as if a foreign artist is visiting Korea,” said Nafla during an interview with Wikitree. The Best Mixtape of the Year 2015 Award, and Best Mixtape Performance of the Year 2015 Award have been received by Nafla from Hiphop LE. From the top left clockwise: Loopy, Nafla, Owen Ovadoz, Bloo (Photo courtesy of MKIT RAIN Records) Bloo used to work under the name of Daniel Prynne. He got his name from Badboyloo. He believes that originality in music comes from the roots of where it originated from, which is the United States. “Korean lyrics would all meet at a point where people have had similar experiences at school and while dating. It has to be limited. In the United States, there is a culture that makes people understand the roots to where hip-hop music has originated from,” said Bloo during an interview with Wikitree. He has strong faith and conviction in his music that he concentrates on making a piece of music that the public wants to listen to. “I have worked on the storytelling part of music so that my memories take place within the music,” he said during a listening session with Hiphop LE. Owen Ovadoz has his name from a Bible verse, 'if someone strikes you on the right cheek, turn to him the other also'. Owen is the generous ego while Ovadoz is the negative ego that adds up to the two sides of human being. Owen, who spent his childhood years in the United States, is famous for his amount of songs produced. He has produced so many mixtapes until now and a lot of rappers say that it is hard to keep up with the pace since he is so passionate at his work. During an interview with Hiphop LE, he said that “I am a very greedy person when it comes to creating songs. I write the lyrics fast and I spend a whole day recording the songs created." He added, "I create blueprints in my life as a steroid. It drives me forward and achieve things one by one, which motivates me to go even further." Young West has recently joined the MKIT RAIN records. (Photo courtesy of Street) Last but not least, Young West, who is from the 42-person crew with Nafla and Bloo, has also joined the MKIT RAIN as the fifth member. As of the ‘Bad Bad Good Good Tour in DAEGU’, which was a concert held in Daegu, Korea, he has officially joined the label. “I moved to California when I was young. My starting point was listening to different types of music. The relationship among the 42-member crew started by hanging out together since junior high,” said Young West during an interview with Street. “I try to create a free, out-of-the-box type of music. I want to make the listeners move and be remembered as more than just a rapper,” he added. Although these five different musicians each have unique characteristics, they come together to create a well-balanced synergy that is affecting the Korean hip-hop scene. Since they have ambitious goals with a lot to offer to Koreans, why not give them a listen. Kim Seung-jun nzdave94@hanyang.ac.kr

2016-10 31

[Special]Korean Hip-Hop

Tight beats combined with lyrics are the main components of hip-hop. It is a genre of music that formed in the late 1970s through African Americans and Hispanics and it used to be referred to as a new cultural movement. Hip-hop consists of four factors: rap, D Jing, graffiti, and breakdancing. Out of the four, DOK2 is an music artist who represents one of the best rappers of Korea. DOK2's Career Lee Joon-kyung, better known by his stage name DOK2 (pronounced dokki), was born between a Spanish-Filipino father and a Korean mother. Since his uncle was an American soldier, he grew up listening to Nas and The Fugees. While attending an international school, he was discriminated for his looks. When he turned 12, his father’s restaurant went out of business and DOK2 dropped out of school. “My family was poor, and I started out as a musician because they seemed to earn a lot of money,” said DOK2 during an interview on the TV program Yoo Hee-yeol’s Sketchbook. At the age of 13, DOK2 started making mixtapes through karaoke melodies and started producing. As he joined the Movement crew, a group of Korean rappers, he formed a hip-hop duo (All Black) with Microdot and became known for being the youngest rapper in Korea. Through the 2nd album of Dynamic Duo, Circus, DOK2 started featuring in professional hip-hop albums but did not make much money. After All Black split up due to financial reasons, DOK2 produced his first mix tape (Thunderground Musik Mixtape Vol. 1) in 2008, in a limited amount of 3000 CDs. DOK2's career as a music producer started in 2009 through collaborating with Drunken Tiger, Epik High and other rappers. As he was producing for these well-known Korean rappers, he held his first concert in 2010. DOK2’s contract with production agencies did not work out well, which got him working independently. He continuously produced mixtapes and performed in concerts. In 2011, DOK2 and The Quiett announced that they established 1llionaire Records, now one of the most renowned hip-hop music labels in Korea. The name '1llionaire' is a combination of ill and millionaire, with the ambition of being the best hip-hop music label in Korea. In the same year of June, Beenzino also joined the label. DOK2, a producer and rapper (Photo courtesy of 1llionaire) DOK2 Swagger “Just because somebody is older and has more experience, they shouldn’t all be trusted. Although that person may have been regarded as successful, if that success was not maintained for over 10 years, there are plenty of reasons to doubt the advice given by the person. There is nobody in the world that has contemplated and thought of my problems more than I have.” The quotation above is an excerpt from DOK2’s autobiography, Illionaire Life. This is the part of the book where DOK2 is defined along with his independent features. He is well known for being a sincere Buddhist, not drinking or smoking and controlling anger. Although a lot of people criticize him for wasting money, he has something to say. “I used to be dirt poor and everyone I knew told me that I would not be able to succeed through music. I have succeeded now, having overcome the prejudice of many and I am very proud of that. People should believe in their dreams to achieve it,” said DOK2. “I have always wanted to be like the rap stars in America while watching the MTV- their big houses, closets full of Jordans. I envied that. I wanted to be like them through my music,” he added during an interview with Hiphopplaya, Korea's hip-hop webzine site. DOK2 sees his music as matjib which means a place where the most famous and delicious foods are sold. He says that large production agencies are like family restaurants in that there is a lot to be seen and very popular, but since the cost of production is too much, not having much left over in terms of money- while his music is like pork soup in Busan which regular customers consume. “You should be bragging about your money and life when you have independently earned it yourself. That’s what gives real swag and respect to your story,” DOK2 added. He wishes to buy a house in Hawaii for his father who has not traveled abroad for 30 years whilst working in Korea. "You should be bragging about your money and life when you have independently earned it yourself." (Photo courtesy of 1llionaire) DOK2's music has not simply developed this much overnight. Since becoming a professional, he produced 320 songs in 10 years. Although DOK2 is well known for his trap beats such as YGGR, he is also quite familiar with boom bap beats as well. One of the songs that has both beats in it could be Air-Do-The-Q produced by DOK2 during a mission on a Korean hip-hop TV show, Show Me The Money. Over time, DOK2 has built up his reputation as a representative Korean rapper, with diligent working habits and faith in himself. Although he only graduated from primary school and did not receive higher education, he wishes that people who watch him would be inspired to chase their own dreams and succeed in life as he himself did. Kim Seung-jun nzdave94@hanyang.ac.kr