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2017-09 25

[Special][Op-ed] Sometimes, Too Much Is Poison

“I don’t want to go to an academy, but my parents force me to. How can a sleepless day full of studying be happy?” In South Korea, young students heading straight to private academies after school is a familiar sight, often caught on the street. Often times, elementary students, barely taller than a height of a meter, are spotted on a street with heavy backpacks. What emotion does this scenery convey to you? Despite the fact that South Korea provides a 12 year long public education, demand for private academies is rising annually. What caused Korea to cry with pain and is there any cure for this illness? Play by the rule like AlphaGo Facta, non verba. Here is the time schedule of a 17 year old me: OECD (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development) suggests a teenager to sleep at least eight to ten hours a day. However, eliminating the time for public school, private education, assignments, and personal studies from 24 hours of a day, only 6 hours remain on the table. Surprisingly, this is a common schedule of a South Korean student. What led Korea here? As a country lacking resources, land, and capital after the Korean War, South Korea was a rare, but successful case of democratization. Without anything to trade, human resources were the only resource to export. Arduous efforts to educate people continued, and the young generation of the mid 20th century left their motherland to earn foreign currency needed to develop their country. However, efforts became habit. Back in the days, chosen people with intelligence got the opportunity to receive advanced education provided by the penniless Korean government. In the process of the selection, students frequently took examinations and were lined up according to their grades. 60 years later, students today still get report cards with their ranking on them. According to the survey: 1,955 teenagers answered that the major reason for their stress was going to academies everyday, followed by grades, tiredness, and more. Competition intensified, and more exertion to outrun classmates festered over time. Private education helped individuals overtake one another, and both parents and students were strained if they were missing out on private institutes that their classmates were attending. The result was all students having the same timetables of a day, like AlphaGo, trying not to lag behind by each other. In order to line up all students by ranking, the yardstick of the CSAT (College Scholastic Ability Test) had to be objective, in other words--thoughtless. Memorizing well like robots became a primary strength in South Korean education. Private tutoring expanded students’ capacity to remember what they learned in their grade and prepare for upper grade level lessons. Can students be rescued from this robotic education? According to the data presented by the Ministry of Education, 18.6 trillion Won was spent annually on private tutoring, bringing about an individual spending of 240 thousand won on average. Considering the polarization of private education expenses, there was a ten times difference in the budget between the bottom 20 percent and top 20 percent of the income group. Believing that more tutoring in elementary school will lead to a better middle and high school that will eventually consolidate a rigid route to a prestigious university, the new trend of the private kindergarten arose. Little kids that barely know their mother tongue now learn a foreign language, in addition to math, science, and art. If nothing is done, this situation will get worse and this should not be the future of Korean students forever. Among various solutions that experts suggest, I do believe that two cures will work out, though time and effort will be material to gradually amend these problems. Alternation in the CSAT format The proportion of setting exam questions in the multiple-choice type should be reduced. Objective style exams are effective in grading and ranking the answers of students. However, it does not necessarily allow students to show their critical thinking process and opinions. In the era of the fourth Industrial Revolution, memorization and multiple-choice are the not the tasks of humans anymore. Students should be given the opportunities to think and forge their ideas and realize them. Thus, increasing the subjective examinations will mark the starting point of both reduction in private education and magnification of creativity. Improvements in the non-academic sector Despite the efforts to increase creativity in students utilizing subjective tests, the South Korean education system may not change. Perhaps, academies such as ‘idea generation’ or ‘creativity augmentation’ may proliferate. What Korea needs to know is that academic intelligence is not the only way individuals can become successful. Taking the non-academic road should also be regarded as a great career option. In the case of Germany, industry, technical, and art schools are all equally treated and managed as academic schools. Figuratively speaking, technicians and professors have few difference in pay and honor. Freedom of choice in occupation and school are then automatically provided for German students. South Korea will become a more blissful country if such a policy and cognition change could be adopted. Picture of South Korean students finishing their assignments given from school and academy (Photo courtesy of Teen On Generation) Kim Ju-hyun kimster9421@hanyang.ac.kr

2017-09 07

[Special]Historians of Hanyang and Their New Page of the Book

In the 21st century when the passion for history is decreasing among students due to its utility in employment, there are true historians trying to preserve the value of history at Hanyang University. The heroes are alumni Han Sang-hyeop and Cho Soo-yeon, Ph.D student Lee Seung-ah, and a third year student Jeon Yae-mok. With the passion to learn deeper on history, the four Hanyangians gathered to introduce their career. Cho has been funded by the South Korean government for her mastery degrees at Canada. Winners of the KGSP South Korea has been sponsoring university students from various fields to augment their educational strength. Since the early 2010’s, the government has decided to increase its sponsor on humanities sphere through the KGSP-Korean Government Scholarship program. Two alumni of the Department of History- Han Sang-hyeop and Cho Soo-yeon, have been chosen as the winners to grab tickets abroad for the in-depth studies aborad. Han’s advancement in China Han has received the Bachelor’s and Master’s degree from the Department of History at Hanyang University. Throughout the 10 years of achievements at Hanyang, Han is now mapping out his career at Tsinghua University for his doctoral degree. “There are several areas you can apply for the KGSP, but I selected comparative history for my doctoral degree. Luckily enough, I was chosen as the beneficiary of the governmental sponsor, which I owe my gratitude to my professors,” said Han. More specifically, Han’s comparative history refers to the difference in the Nationality Act between the late Qing Dynasty, Netherlands, and Japan. Through intricate studies and comparison, Han is planning to discover the origin and meanings of the term “People.” “I wish my fellow juniors at the Department of History will feel pride in their major, since history is such a special subject that allows us to reorganize the past with given documents,” emphasized Han. Korean Government Scholarship Program (KGSP) provides financial support for students studying overseas for intellectual researches. (Photo courtesy of KGSP) Grafting history and education at Canada After her graduation this February, Cho decided to achieve her mastery and doctoral degrees on education related to history. “My attention on history concentrated on the cases produced outside of Korea, which influenced my decision to study abroad,” said Cho. However, studying overseas requires substantial burden on financial ability which motivated Cho to apply for the KGSP. “It was a great honor for me to be selected as the only student sponsored by the government heading to Canada,” described Cho. Cho is currently studying historical education on multi-culturalism and the world citizenship. “While I was full of questions learning history at Hanyang University, I thought that the answer to all the questions was in education which led all the way here to Canada,” mentioned Cho. The most imperative factors to Cho’s success are HY-WEP (Hanyang Work Experience Program) internships, knowing specific field to study, and patience while studying. “Department of History is a great start for sprout historians to grow upon. I recommend all Hanyangians to use all the opportunities that our school is providing!” Toward the completion of research task by NRF National Research Foundation of Korea, also known as NRF, has been running the Global Ph.D. Fellowship program that supports students pursuing a Ph.D. degree in a Korean university in order to foster the nation's core human resources. Lee Seung-ah of the Department of History at Hanyang University has been selected as one of the winners of the program despite the intense competition. The task Lee decided to research on is China’s changes of agricultural technology and social disparities in accordance with the global market. “When I first began my doctoral career and realized that this research needs financial support, I decided to apply for the NRF program for funding. Fortunately, I was drafted for this task and I’m planning for my research presentation on January at Japan,” said Lee. For preparation, Lee picks Hanyang University’s Industry-University Cooperation Foundation’s English interview for the NRF program the most helpful. “Utilizing school’s help is extremely valuable. If students of Hanyang are planning for their research funding, I recommend them to practice continuously with the aid of our school!” National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funds various majors of South Korean universities. Junior of Hanyang toward the brighter future Jeon in his junior year at the Department of History has recently received 100 Years Humanities Scholarship by Korea Student Aid Foundation. Currently studying in his intensive major courses, Jeon has revealed his ardor for history. “I began learning history to understand humans. Deeper I study the past of humans and their events, I start to grasp why different kinds of human beings with various actions are around me,” explained Jeon. Jeon also expressed the special gratitude for his parents and professors. “I was grateful that my parents were proud of me. Also, without the great teachings of my professors, I would never be able to take this scholarship,” said Jeon. For the farther college education and beyond learnings, Jeon is excited to step ahead for deeper lessons at Hanyang. Kim Ju-hyun kimster9421@hanyang.ac.kr Photos by Lee Jae-oh

2017-08 21

[Special]What Makes You Strong Under the Burning Sun

Back in the days when the air conditioner did not exist to avoid the heat of hot summer, Koreans found their escape plans from food. Boknal refers to a particularly hot period during the summer in Korea. Boknal is divided into three periods- chobok, jungbok, and malbok which refer to the first, second, and the third hottest days of summer. Traditionally, Korea was an agricultural society which required strength to farm even under the hot Sun. Thus, Koreans during the summer consumed various foods they believed to be bringing stamina for them during summer. Every year, the date of three Boknals vary upon the lunar calendar. Above is the date of Chobok, Jungbok, and Malbok of 2017. Boknal cuisine varied upon the social class one belonged to since the Joseon Dynasty. First, people of the royal family could enjoy the privileges that no others could dare to gape for. In fact, they were the only ones able to intake cow- including all meat and milk. For their Boknal food, the royal family of the Joseon Dynasty chose Tarak Stew, which is made of cow milk. Since consumption of cow among people was forbidden by law, this method of stamina improvement on the Boknal was considered exclusive and special. Among the Yangbans, who belonged to the aristocrat class, Samgyetang was considered to be restoring their health during the hot days of summer. Samgyetang is a chicken soup with ginseng and other oriental ingredients forged in Korean traditional way. First, they cooked Samgyetang by emptying the inner parts of the chicken and filling it up with healthy ingredients such as ginseng, jujube, garlics, and sticky rice. Since chicken was not a cheap poultry to grow in an agricultural society, only the ones with fiscal ability could enjoy Samgyetang. People from the low class, however, could not obtain valuable meat or ingredients eaten by higher strata. Thus, there were two dishes they could consume- dog meat and red beans. Because dogs were comparatively less productive in farming, people ate bred one dog to share it on Boknal with entire neighbors in the village. Also, red bean soup was popular among farmers on a hot day. Tarak stew, Samgyetang, dog stew, and red bean soup are representative dishes during Boknal. (in the clockwise order) (Photo courtesy of Naver) Korea has been denounced by several Western countries due to the culture of regarding dog as food. However, it is important to note that the culture began with the scarcity of protein back in the days. Also, one village took one dog which was bred only for the consuming purpose. Thus, historians of South Korea assert that this culture is not worth being rebuked for. However, there are also suggestions that indiscriminate consumption of dogs under the false hearsay that canine intake is healthy should be halted. Also, many animal activist associations around the world is currently recommending Korea to prepare a legal production procedure of dog meat like cattle, so that those being eaten can die in the most humanitarian way. In the modern era, the most popular dish on Boknal is Samgyetang. This is because the ingredients added inside the chicken are proven to be healthy. Also, Tarak stew is no longer considered special due to everyday consumption of milk and dog stew’s negative image deters people from having it. Recipe of Samgyetang (Video courtesy of Make Food, Eat Food) Samgyetang restaurants are prevalent in South Korea. However, homemade Samgyetang is also a trend, due to the supply of simple and convenient ingredients. In supermarkets, there are processed chickens and bundles of oriental ingredients sold. Thus, even foreigners can try out Samgyetang in cheaper price with their own style. Restore your stamina well on Boknal! Kim Ju-hyun kimster9421@hanyang.ac.kr

2017-06 19

[Special][Insight] Art at the Tip of a Brush

A white, prickling brush stained with black ink grinded on a stone embroider a hanji (traditional Korean paper made of mulberry trees). While writing is just an ordinary routine of a civilization, there can be found the art and soul. Seoyae refers to Chinese calligraphy which dates back to when Korea appointed its official language as Chinese- Goryeo dynasty. Based on the artist’s character and skills, the written words gleam their specialty. Continued for centuries, Seoyae is again attracting the public attention for the humanities fulfillment. South Korean calligrapher Hyun Byung-chan is demonstrating the art of Korean calligraphy. (Photo courtesy of YTN) Retracing the course of Seoyae The earliest pieces of Seoyae is found in many Buddhist Sutras of the Goryeo Dynasty. Even though there is documentation regarding the existence of seoyae in the Silla Dynasty, the actual work is not yet found. Seoyae is an expression of the artist’s aesthetic consciousness. The special point in the Korean calligraphy is that not only does Seoyae involve the beauty of the words, but also involves training the artist’s spirit. Goryeo was a devout Buddhist dynasty and thus developed a calm, concentrated Goryeo Font. Then in the Joseon Dynasty, corrupted Buddhism was abandoned and in 1446, King Sejong invented the Korean language. Since then, diversity of characteristics, fonts, and styles of the Korean calligraphy was augmented. Chusa font's characteristics are very harsh and sorrowful. (Photo courtesy of Goodsense Tistory) The beginning was the Gojeon font, meaning traditional. Its peculiarity is that the time spent on writing took longer and the edge of each letter was sharp, but soft. Then during the 15 to 17th centuries of the warring state, the national calligraphy style changed to the Gungseo font, meaning the shape of an archer. It resembles the shape of an archer who needs to quickly shoot an arrow, while concentrating. This font developed in this era, because communication through epistle ought to be immediate but accurate. At the end of the Joseon Dynasty, a scholar of the Realist school and a calligrapher Kim Jeong-hui with his pen name Chusa, developed a daring but unique Chusa font. Kim used to be exiled for political reasons and his sorrow was developed into the Chusa font. It does not have a regular structure, and the touch of a brush is very harsh. Modern Korean calligraphy After the Japanese annexation of Korea and the Korean War, South Korea was not able to enjoy arts and prosperity. After the rapid economic development, South Korea suddenly began to pay a careful attention to traditional arts, and among them was seoyae. There are often two types of people who learn calligraphy- children and the modern adults. The former is the case which their parents force them to learn the Chinese letters through interesting calligraphy. Because learning a language by playing with brush and ink intrigues children’s attention, their parents choose this way of education. In addition, the primary reason of teaching Chinese is because for centuries, Korea’s official language was Chinese letters and many classic literature and history books are written in Chinese. On the other hand, the latter is the case which modern adults who lost the joy in their busy life try to find their hobbies through calligraphy. The new South Korean trend allowed the supply and demand of the calligraphy market prospered which in turn led to the easy and cheap access to it. With a set of seoyae pens and brushes with the calligraphy practicing books sold at book stores, anyone can enjoy expressing their aesthetic consciousness through writing arts. Calligraphy practicing books are easily found at book stores. (Photo courtesy of Glecole) Kim Ju-hyun kimster9421@hanyang.ac.kr

2017-05 16

[Reviews]Democracy Blossoms in South Korea

The beginning of the Republic of Korea dates back to 1948, when an indirect presidential election took place in July. On August 15 of 1948, President Rhee Syng-man proclaimed South Korea, and embarked on the road to democracy. True democracy shines after 70 years The First Republic of President Rhee turned into an autocratic regime, which then was replaced by a democratic interim government that was overthrown by military rule in less than a year. Inciting military rule in the Fourth Republic of 1979, President Park Chung-hee founded the Yushin Constitution to maintain a longer presidential term and take absolute control of the parliament. When Park was assassinated, President Chun Doo-hwan came into power through a coup d’état. In the following year, number of university students and civilians led vigorous protests against the authoritarian rule, and the government responded by massacring civilians in the city of Gwangju. Students of Chonnam University are protesting President Chun's autocratic government. (Photo courtesy of 7578bus Tistory) Beginning with President Kim Young-sam in 1993 and Kim Dae-jung, to Roh Moo-hyun until 2008, the democratic party won the presidential election. After the suicide of late President Roh, President Lee Myung-bak set out to revitalize the weakening economy. Lee’s successor, President Park Geun-hye took the baton and was inaugurated in 2013. Despite the weight of being the daughter of a former president and the first female president, she was impeached due to irresponsible and illegal tracks after a series of candlelight rallies by citizens. On May 9th of 2017, President Moon Jae-in was newly elected with 41.1% of polling rate. Flower of democracy- Voting After the protests in the earlier days of RoK, what overthrew the disappointing government was not a coup but a voting system. In order to increase the turnout rate and to guarantee suffrage opportunities to all electorates, South Korea affords various voting systems. In order to be listed as a valid electorate, a Korean national of 19 years of age or above should be registered as a resident in the district under the jurisdiction of a local government concerned as of the record date of the voters. The following is a list of methods mainly referred to: Original Ballot National Election Commissions (NECs) prepare and send out voting guidance pamphlets that include information regarding voting- date and time of voting, location of a polling station, and more. Pamphlets are sent out to each household in two days after the confirmation day of the voters list. The voting begins from 6 AM and continues until 8 PM. After the officers at the polling station confirm individual’s identification and residential appropriateness, the voter may receive a ballot paper and head to the polling booth. Preliminary Ballot If the electorate can’t make time on the original election day to vote from 6 AM to 8 PM, the voter can receive two days of chance to vote on different days. The most prestigious advantage of this preliminary ballot is that the voter does not need to consider his or her current location or residence. The electorate can take a vote, even if it is not the registered residence. The preliminary vote is implemented on the Thursday and Friday right before the original election date. Overseas Voting There are two types of overseas voting: overseas absentee voting and overseas election. The former applies to those who are just absent in South Korea due to work, school, or more. The voter must have the residence registered and should apply for preliminary election at the South Korean embassy. On the other hand, the latter applies to those who do not have a residency permit or identification registered in South Korea, but who maintains South Korean citizenship. This requires the voter to request for election in the embassy with identifications such as passport. "You, who voted, are beautiful." (Photo courtesy of NamuWiki) South Korea maintained a low turnout rate between the ages of 20 to 50 until this year, when young citizens were enraged by the monopoly of state affairs by Park Geun-hye. Together with the candlelight vigils, in showing the democratic will and the power of each vote, South Korea is stepping ahead to realize true democracy. Kim Ju-hyun kimster9421@hanyang.ac.kr

2017-04 03

[Reviews]Sewol Resurfaced- A Record of 1037 Days

At 8:55 AM on 16th April 2014, a ferry with 476 people on board capsized and began to sink in the middle of the sea at Jindo, South Jeolla province. Out of the passengers, 304 people have been determined dead or missing. 250 people on board were students leaving to Jeju Island for their school excursion trip from Danwon High School. At the age of 17, young and promising students lost their lives. The remaining 50-odd people, who were teachers, crew members and others, also gave out their final breaths in the deep ocean. On 23rd March 2017, the ferry Sewol has been dragged out of the water with grief. Citizens and the bereaved families had been, and stil are, lamenting the tragedy for as long as 1037 days. Resentment towards the incompetent government, the deep sorrow for lost lives, and ongoing interrogation concerning those behind the incident still cut across a wide swath of South Korea. Vestige of the 1037 days 2014 April 16 of 2014 was the day governmental institutes of South Korea proved themselves to be inadequate. The Central Disaster and Safety Countermeasures Headquarters altered its announcements regarding the number of the rescued from all saved to 368 to 164 in five hours. In the acute situation, families and people concerned with the losses had their hearts tormented. Also, the captain of ferry Sewol- Lee Jun-seok did not announce any leaving instructions to the passengers, and left the ferry alone in his underwear. With all lifeboats wrecked and all crew members bunged off, 304 students and passengers slowly were confronted with death. Absence of the control tower also enraged the bereaved and the citizens. Former president Park Geun-hye revealed her appearance seven hours after the incident occurred. The mysterious whereabouts of Park- the one person who must have shared the agony of the losses, is still unknown. Ferry Sewol is about to completely sink under the water at 1 PM on April 16 of 2014. (Photo courtesy of Youbube channel-BJ Kim) 2015 The official searching operation for the missing passengers continued for eight months, and was completed on November 11. On April 22 of 2015, which is a year after the incident, the government decides to refloat the hull. Since then, suicidal scandals of the assistant principal and the president of Cheonghaejin Shipping Corporation, suspicions regarding ferry Sewol and the exceeded amount of military commodities loaded up in the luggage room, and discords between the families of the deceased threw Korea into the utter confusion. The Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries organized the ferry Sewol’s resolving Task Force team to prepare salving the sunken vessel. However, people’s suspicious glances never halted, as the government kept announcing the excessive cost of the task and enacting special laws on ferry Sewol. The special laws on ferry Sewol was granting university admission privileges for the survivors, life-long financial supports, construction of memorial parks, and more. These favors, according to JTBC, are not asserted by the families of the deceased. However, this news began to stir up grievance and disturbance between people and the concerned. 2016 After much meandering, the salvage operation was embarked on. However, the doubts on salvage enterprise selection began to rise on the surface. The Dutch salvage company, “Smit Consortium” was evaluated as the first, while the Chinese company “Shanghai Salvage” was evaluated the second. However, these two companies had 60 billion dollars difference and the Korean government selected Shanghai Salvage. The Chinese salvage company affirmed of the operation due date by July of 2016. However, their technique “floating dock” failed, and the due date was extended. After the six months long trial, the salvage company renounced its technique and switched to the ordinary method and demanded 10 billion more dollars. Park of the Ferry Sewol is being revealed on March 23. (Photo courtesy of Huffington Post) 2017 Former president Park has been impeached on March 10 of 2017. The ferry Sewol has been successfully refloated and has greeted sunshine for the first time in 1037 days. The families of the deceased passengers on ferry Sewol encountered their closest tragedy. The recovery operation of the ferry is still on going, until all bodies lost under the sea are found. The distrusted government The South Korean government under President Park has kicked off its ambitious beginning in 2013. However, the Anti-Terrorism Act, a government-designed history textbook, and the agreement to the Japanese Government for appeasing sexual slaves at the former Japanese military with money caused enormous resistance and collision between main political parties. In 2014, ferry Sewol that sank with 250 high school students and 54 passengers aroused doubts on the government’s ability to handle national matters. Also, the mysterious whereabouts of President Park during the disaster and settlements of this affair also brought about the seriousness and trustworthiness of the government. Then in 2016, the influence peddling incident of Choi Sun-shil in the South Korean government under President Park was officially covered on the news. The citizens were furious and they walked to the streets to appeal their resentment. The head of the government had to step down. CNN is reporting on the impeachment of President Park in South Korea. (Photo courtesy of CNN) When the government was selecting the salvage company to refloat the ferry Sewol, the primary concern of them was the cost. Perhaps, the most expensive cost of salvage was not 140 billion dollars of the Dutch salvage consortium, but the distrust of the people. The sunken ferry Sewol has been refloated in 1037 days. The ferry Sewol shipped with students of Danwon High School who had to return from their field trip on Friday the 18th of April in 2014 came back on Friday the 24th of March in 2017. The long journey of them awakens the citizen to vote for their new, just government. Kim Ju-hyun kimster9421@hanyang.ac.kr

2017-01 23 Important News

[Special]Registration Warfare with Mouse-Shields and Finger-Swords (1)

Universities in South Korea operate their course registration system through a fiercely competitive method. It is employing computers, laptops, or mobile phones (limited in some schools) to log in to a school enrollment website and register for wanted courses right on a designated day and time. However, due to the limited number of students that can sign up to each course, only a few can set up their new timetable with the courses of their wishes. The reasons behind the successes of so-called ‘winners' are varied, such as fast internet, server, or computer, along with the golden time that led the deliberate mouse-clicking to success, which tend to involve luck. Due to the ramifications the Korean course enrollment system brings, university administrators are at a deadlock over what method is most appropriate for fair and practical registration. Traditional mode of registration Many universities of South Korea, also involving Hanyang University, operate their course registration system on a first come, first served basis. First, students get ready before the assigned registration date with their computers and the Internet server connection ready. Because PCs (personal computers) and home Wi-Fi (wireless fidelity, a system that transmits mass data wirelessly) may incur malfunction, a host of students go to South Korean PC rooms for guaranteed internet connection speed and computer quality. Then, students open up the server time clock, a virtual countdown that will guide them to click the registration button at a precise moment. Below is an example of the course registration system of Hanyang University. After careful consideration of what courses one should or wants to take, one would open the course registration site (http://sugang.hanyang.ac.kr) and log in. Then, subjects will be added to the ‘desired courses’ list. The list resembles the following: Red box 1 means ‘view the schedule of selected courses’. When clicked, it shows how the student’s timetable will look like. Example: 2. When red box 2 is clicked on, a syllabus and additional information about the selected course will pop up. Example: 3. Clicking red box 3 at the designated registration time would lead to the enrollment of a student to the selected course. However, the flaw of this registration system is found as follows: If the number of the enrolled students (number in the red box) exceeds the maximum number of students acceptable (number in the blue box), it means that students have to compete for the course. Whomever clicks on the 'Register' button first will get the course safely into their timetables. Even though all students pay the same tuition fees to receive equal opportunities to education, the courses they will end up taking depend on the millisecond the registration buttons are clicked, including the state of the computer being used and the Internet speed. In the case of a popular major, such as the Department of Business Administration, a number of students from other divisions apply for double or multiple majors to this department. In this case, the students desiring business administration courses are increased, causing fiercer competition between students to grab desired courses as their own. Pupils whose original major is Business Administration are rendering this circumstance as terribly unfair, as they are losing their rights to rightfully receive education from their majoring department. In addition, students who lack the financial ability to afford better internet connection will have significantly lower chances of being enrolled to their desired courses. Due to these problems, numerous South Korean universities are figuring out ways to amend the system. Alternative mechanisms One of the course enrollment systems that some universities now implement is the ‘registration basket system’. Konkuk University is one that employs this system. The way it works is analogous to the traditional system, but it distributes time prudently for students. First, students will select courses that they desire and add them to the registration basket, which is akin to Hanyang University's 'desired courses tab'. The number of students enrolled for the desired courses will not be shown until the registration date. Then, at the first registration date, the university server will automatically register students to the courses that did not have exceeding numbers of enrolled students. Those whose chosen courses had exceeding numbers will not be signed up, which means that some of them will need to decide whether they will keep the course for possible registration at a later date, or not. After a few changes, the second registration date will come and the server will again automatically sign students up. Those who could not register even on the second go will have to compete for their desired courses in the traditional way for the third time. Even though this system is considered effective in that it gives equal opportunities for students, it is criticized by busy students. Because the system requires a maximum of three registration dates, some are bound to consider the system time-consuming. Another system that Yonsei University implements is called the ‘Mileage and Time Ticket System’. The university bestows each student 5000 mileage points for course registration. The amount may differ depending on the number of courses a student wishes to take. Each student has an opportunity to distribute and bet a certain amount of points to each course. For example, if a course is popular, then a bigger mileage number will be bet on it. After the betting, the university server automatically calculates the sum and signs students up considering the mileage and the maximum enrollment number. Even though the system requires profound mental calculation and probability skills, it is considered one of the best registration systems due to its creativeness and legitimacy. Kim Ju-hyun kimster9421@hanyang.ac.kr

2017-01 16 Important News

[Special]Discourse with the 45th Student Council - Seoul Campus

With the simple but significant name 'Hanmadi,' meaning one word, the 45th student council of Hanyang University has embarked upon its prologue. Listening to the words of all students and representing them, the student council is preparing to achieve grand goals to enhance students’ rights and quality of life at school. Based on the teamwork they developed through voluntary activities for rural communities and the supporting experiences at the 44th student council, President Lee Kyung-eun and Vice-president Choi Kyung-sang are full of hope and desire to advance the council together. News H met the student council to hear about the holistic scheme and the current progress of preparation. The logo of the 45th student council shows its aspirations to carefully listen to and consider students' needs of Hanyang University. (Photo courtesy of the Hanmadi Student Council) Satisfying the rudimentary needs of students Three biggest concerns of the student council are lowering of tuition fees and increasing entrance rates to the school dormitory. Due to a host of students going through hardships paying tuition fees, previous student councils have been trying their best to reduce the fee. “Reduction in tuition fee is the most significant problem to be resolved and this concern is being carefully debated at the Hanyang University Tuition Advisory Committee,” said Choi. Also, the importance of scholarship programs is being addressed, since the appropriation of the scholarship budget is being reduced. Another goal of the Hanmadi Council is to publish the “living expenses scholarship for the future,” or the Misaeng scholarship in Korean, as an official policy. This Misaeng scholarship program, which about 600 students applied and 364 students got accepted to, provides students with living expenses based on their economic conditions. “It is crucial to establish the Misaeng scholarship as an official policy of the school and settle the student council as the vanguard position to stimulate this scholarship program. Considering the flaws of this recent scholarship program, we are planning to enhance it through reviewing student surveys,” said Lee. Along with reductions in tuition fee, increasing the dormitory acceptance rate is another momentous goal of the council. The newly built accommodations have been announced to be accepting only freshmen beginning from the following semester. Initiated by strong oppositions, the council has negotiated with the school authorities to change the policy by allowing dormitory entrance of more seniors. “The original plan was successful, as many seniors who live away from home can now reside in dormitories. We think that the next step should be contacting and persuading with Seongdong-gu Office to allow more dormitory constructions,” added Choi. According to Lee, there are problems such as an unclear standard in dormitory acceptance and irregularities in assigning rooms, which she ponders to be an urgent problem to be solved. Lee Kyung-eun, the president of the student council (left), and Choi Kyung-sang, the vice-president (right), are explaining the plans for 2017. Necessity of impartial debate based operation Both Lee and Choi emphasize the significance of debate and conversation between the school and students, while the student council being the linking medium. The Hanyang University Tuition Advisory Committee is one of the debates considered imperative by the council. The committee consists of five students from the Seoul and ERICA campuses, five school administrators, and a recommended guest. “Since the recommended guest is the key holder of a fierce debate of five to five, it is crucial that the guest is selected with care. However, the guest is currently recommended by the University president, which our council considers to be impartial,” added Lee. Thus, the council is in the progress to renovate the operation of the committee to lead the results to reduction in tuition fee. Another debate session that the Hanmadi council is looking forward to be successful is the College Education Issue Joint Confrontation T/F team for the 2016-2017 reorganization of education. “This team is a debate session proceeded during the Central Operation Committee. The committee consists of presidents and vice presidents of all departments and during the debate session, we discuss each department’s concerns regarding their educational environment, contents, dissatisfactions, and more,” said Lee. The committee along with the discussion session is kicking off its start with flattering anticipations. Student Council of 2017- Hanmadi, with its motto of listening to students, is looking forward to enhance the rights and quality of life for students. “It has been almost three years since we worked together at the student council, and now we became the president and a vice president. We are not in these positions to be greeted with cheerful ovations, but to serve the students to meet their needs and solve problems,” said both Lee and Choi. Because school and the society are interconnected worlds, the student council of 2017 is looking forward to agonize together with students about both matters and try their best to bring out the effortful results. The Hanmadi student council is looked forward by students, while singing out its beginning with hopeful visions. Kim Ju-hyun kimster9421@hanyang.ac.kr Photos by Kim Youn-soo

2016-12 27

[Special]Pet Dog Cafés in Korea

There is an increasing trend of visiting peculiar theme cafés in South Korea and a ‘pet dog café’ is deemed a charming and attractive place to visit. Like an ordinary café, they sell drinks and provide warm and snug atmosphere to couples, friends, and family. However, what’s novel about this pet dog café is that there are a diversity of dogs welcoming you, and also visitors can bring their own pets to the café. Confluent of animal-friendly theme and a cozy café became an innovative idea in the leisure market and the continuing popularity is demanding for more pet dog cafés. Changing social attitudes towards dogs Due to the rapid economic growth of South Korea, social development could not keep up with the increasing wealth in the country. Unlike other OECD countries where the pace of economic development was equivalent to the social recognition development, South Korea struggled with instilling ethical values among the citizens. One of the issues that South Korea was putting forward as its main predicament was enhancing the social recognition of animals, especially dogs. Attitudes of people treating animals as a 'possession' were often found in the increasing rate of animal abandonment. However, with the advent of pet dog café, people received closer accessibility to dogs and time to share a sympathetic communion with animals. This change occurred, further enhancing the social recognition on dogs- people began to regard dogs as their friends or family. In average, a pet dog café holds about a dozen dogs and facilities needed to take care of their welfare. Thus, when visitors make a call on the café, they are able to experience firsthand the rearing dogs for a short time. As people learn about rearing dogs and the singularities of them, they can make the ultimate decision of whether they can be potential and ethical owners or not when they adpt dogs. Many animal protection activists claim for the necessity of this process which South Korea lacks. However, with the prevalence of pet dog cafés, people had closer accessibility to dogs and the experience of nurturing them, which led people to be careful and mature in considering all odds before the adoption of dogs. Above is the biggest pet dog café in South Korea located near Hapjeong Station- 'Bow Story'. (Photo courtesy of Bow Story) Defects of pet dog cafés and how to overcome them Despite the positive social effects that pet dog cafés are creating, few defects are detected as the café market grows. The most bulky concern of animal protection activists is the welfare of animals. Even though there are many café owners who treat their dogs as family, some vicious owners were found to be treating their dogs as only a means to lucrative business. According to Hankook Ilbo, “part-timers lacking professional knowledge about dogs have to handle the responsibility of 10 to 20 dogs at a time, which results in inappropriate hygiene and canine management method.” The size of the café is also a concern, since for active dogs, 10 meter-squared sized space is not enough for them to relieve their physical stress. Since part-timers are often times unable to distinguish what food can and can’t be given to dogs, there are increasing perils for the health and hygiene of dogs. In order to resolve these problems, the most significant solution to ponder upon is amending the law. If the animal protection law is amended, then it will strictly forbid any pet dog cafés that are trying to run its business with inappropriate facilities, hygiene, and staff. The pet dog cafés should be large enough to accommodate numerous dogs, and the owner must relieve all dogs’ stress through physical activities. Also, the bodily secretion of dogs should be instantly cleaned and their hygiene and health should be kept up to a high level- through methods such as bathing dogs once a month, taking the dogs to regular checkups, taking care of their fur and dental health periodically. Further, when owners employ part-timers, they should pass certain tests regarding knowledge on dogs to prove themselves to be qualified enough to take responsibility of caring for a number of dogs. Pet dog café owners should adopt responsibility for their dogs, akin to a family member. (Photo courtesy of Cosmopolitan) Even though pet dog cafés need more improvement, they were effective enough to influence South Korea’s social recognition on animals. With the proximity to dogs and their lifestyles, people were able to approach them as their friends or family. As the Korean government is considering the amendment of national animal protection law, it is time for pet dog café owners to also regard themselves not only of business managers but of their dogs’ mothers and fathers. Kim Ju-hyun kimster9421@hanyang.ac.kr

2016-12 05

[Special][Op-ed] Cherish Your Canine Family

As the number of nuclear families, bachelors, spinsters, and old couples increase in South Korean society, the rate of raising dogs as companions is a rising trend. According to the Ministry of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs of Korea, it is estimated that about five to six million dogs are being bred nationwide. However, the Huffington Post claims there are 60,000 dogs abandoned every year, wandering around the streets without a destination. What is more staggering is that this is the governmental data of officially registered dogs, inferring that there would be more stray dogs undiscovered on the streets. Tragedy of the abandoned dogs When stray dogs that seem to have been neglected are found, they are reported to the local government agency. It is a fortunate situation for the dogs, if they possess identification chips. However, a series of misfortunes befall on the reported dogs, because a host of them do not own identification chips as they are intentionally marooned on the streets by their previous owners. As the dogs are moved to public protection centers or pounds, the officials send out a public announcement for 10 days through the Animal and Plant Quarantine Agency’s animal care and service system. The percentage of these dogs finding their owners is a mere 20%, and 30% of the rest of dogs find new owners who will start new lives. However, during this process, the ruled out ones are bound to either be euthanized or become ill and meet their deaths. The reasons behind this tragedy usually arise from thoughtless decisions to breed dogs without any economic precautions. Since the insurance system for animals is lacking, the costs resulting from various veterinary treatments are unbearable for some owners. According to the Joongang Daily, a skin suture surgery, which is frequently performed on pets, costs 550 thousand won. Also, an X-ray costs a minimum of 100 thousand won, a shot of inoculation, 20 thousand won, and heartworm prevention medicine,10 thousand won. Expensive medical care for dogs often lead the owners to abandon their dogs. A poster of the movie 'The Secret Life of Pets', which advocated the importance of responsibility in taking care of animal companions. (Photo courtesy of IMDB) Solutions to enrich the lives of pet dogs Numerous people who desert their dogs often do not sincerely study about them but rather, they bring dogs to their home due to their looks. The problem arises in the decision-making process on whether to keep a pet or not. If I were to have a pet, it is extremely vital to ponder about whether I am to be an appropriate and responsible owner. In order to judge myself, learning about a particular dog's history, environment, eating habits, characteristics, health and costs to raise them, and more, is demanded. The best solution to this problem is to follow the path of Germany. The German Animal Welfare Act gives rights to animals that are similar to human rights. Thus, grave responsibility is tested before humans gain the legal right to breed and raise pets at home. According to Article 2 of the Act, “any person keeping and caring for or required to care for an animal must possess the knowledge and skills necessary for providing the animal with adequate food, care, and housing in accordance with its behavioral requirements” (German Federal Law, 2010). This federal law also bestows selling rights to only certain animal enterprises that are consistently under governmental surveillance. These enterprises hence require anyone willing to keep pets to pass certain prior knowledge tests and interviews. Also, abandonment of animals subjects the keeper(s) to a fine of a minimum of 25 thousand euros, which also prevents irresponsible people relinquishing their possession of pets. Responsibility is the key to the eradication of animal abandonment. (Photo courtesy of Etsy) Looking into the eyes of neglected animals on streets or in pounds, they seem to pine for their invaluable, happy memories with their owners. It is important to keep in mind that pets are not possessions, but family members that hold sacred lives of their own. Kim Ju-hyun kimster9421@hanyang.ac.kr