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* This article is published in 2019 Hanyang Research Magazine Vol.2 Professor Jeon Byong-hun, Earth Resources and Environmental Engineering The Era of Sustainable Bioenergy Is Coming The current climate crisis from the rapid increase in carbon emissions of modern society is recognized as a planet-wide problem that exceeds regional and national boundaries, and the global interest in the production of carbon-neutral renewable energy "from the various" sources such as wind, sunlight, and tide has been raised more than ever before. Meanwhile, research on biomass-based renewable energy has also been actively conducted in recent years. Prof. Jeon Byong-Hun (Department of Earth Resources and Environmental Engineering at Hanyang University) is a renowned expert in the international bioenergy research society. Prof. Jeon’s pioneering works have been primarily on biogas production by anaerobic co-digestion using various biomass sources such as FOG (Fat, oil and grease), and on liquid biofuels production from microalgal biomass to address the solution toward the global warming. Prof. Jeon stated that, “As marine dumping of organic wastes (e.g. sewage sludge, livestock manure and food waste) has been prohibited, careful attention in their alternative treatments was emphasized for simultaneous recovery of renewable bioenergy during the treatment process of biomass.” The conventional ways of treating organic waste biomass (e.g. incineration, landfill or compost) are limited in their energy recovery and usage. However, utilizing different wastes including FOG in anaerobic digestion can lead to high yield of methane as clean renewable energy while reducing the volume of organic waste. Furthermore, unlike other types of renewable energy, biofuels can not only be utilized for the production of electricity but also directly used for combustion in engines. A researcher in Jeon’s laboratory said “The anaerobic digestion research had been somewhat difficult due to the sanitary issues related to sampling and handling of sludges produced from domestic wastewater treatment process that is used for research, plus the biological complexity and sensitivity of the anaerobic microbes in them. But I find it worthwhile to conduct the research using difficult-to-treat organic wastes that contain number of organic wastes to produce useful renewable energy.” In the concluding remarks, Prof. Jeon said, “I have obtained B.S., M.S. & Ph.D. degrees from Hanyang University, and Pennsylvania State University, USA, in natural resources and environmental engineering so I have been participating in the converged research studies, and I wanted to solve social problems such as global warming through my research. I also wish that more people and the government will get to have more interest on the societal importance of renewable energy in the future and pay their attention on the commercialization of bioenergy production from various biomass.” Click to Read Hanyang Research 2019 Vol.2
The Hanyang University Institute for Euro African Studies is planning on holding an international academic event with the theme being, ‘Africa public diplomacy vitalization of Asian countries based on the Africa market environment analysis’ at the Hanyang University Museum, 2nd floor, in the Kang Seong-hee Seminar Room on Friday, October 25th at 10 a.m. This international academic event is a special event commemorating the 80th anniversary. Scholars from African and Asian countries will be invited including Algeria, Tanzania, Ethiopia, China, Japan and Vietnam to discuss local information of Africa, the status quo of African public diplomacy, and the achievements of Korean public diplomacy and expansion strategy. If you wish to participate, please fill out the online submission form located here (https://forms.gle/7z1nDro1UvXty78y9) and submit. For more details on the event, please contact the Hanyang University Museum (02-2220-1394~6) or the Hanyang University Institute for Euro African Studies (02-2220-0805). Hanyang Global News Team Global@hanyang.ac.kr
The Hanyang University College of Humanities held 'The Eleventh East Asia Humanities Forum' from October 18-19th in Room 205 of the International Conference Room in the College of Humanities. Starting with a special lecture from Jung Min, a professor in the Department of Korean Language & Literature, and a celebration speech from president Kim Woo-seung, the forum included professors' presentations and debates from foreign universities and Hanyang University. Under the theme of 'The Transformation and Symbolization of East Asian Culture,' this forum celebrated the 80th anniversary of Hanyang University and the 60th anniversary of the College of Humanities. 26 professors from 5 different countries and 6 universities joined the forum including Tsinghua University (China), Nankai (China), National Taiwan University (Taiwan), Waseda University (Japan), Hong Kong Polytechnic University (Hong Kong), and Hanyang University (Korea). The East Asia Humanities Forum was formed for personal and academic exchange among five colleges in the humanities from four East Asian countries. Each participating university held the forum in turn with Hanyang University hosting the eleventh forum. In this year's forum, Hong Kong Polytechnic University was invited to join for the first time. From this forum, Hanyang University is expected to be a hub for East Asia Humanities exchange and to promote the active exchange of research and students among East Asian universities. Hanyang Global News Team Global@hanyang.ac.kr
Hanyang University will open an ‘Invitation lecture on environmental protection’ in the international conference room (6th floor) of the Paiknam Academic Information Center & Library (Seoul Campus) on Friday, October 25th at 2 p.m. Hosted by the Hanyang University Environmental Foundation and the Office of Student Affairs, this invitational lecture is being held for the purpose of improving awareness of environmental issues for students and members of the school. In this lecture, the board president of the Environmental Foundation, Choi Yeol will be lecturing on the theme, ‘From carbon economy to economic circulation.’ Professor of special affairs, Cho Chun-ho will lecture on the theme, ‘The turning point of change for the climate crisis generation,’ and ‘The new relationship’ by an architect Cho Jin-man. Hanyang Global News Team email@example.com
▲Professor Nam Jin-woo(left) and professor Hwang Jeong-wook(right) Professor Nam Jin-woo from the Department of Life Science and professor Hwang Jeong-wook from the Department of Genetics team developed a technology that enhances the predictability accuracy of micro RNA target genes through investigating a gene control mechanism that is due to micro RNA. Micro RNA, messenger RNA, etc. are formed through DNA with genetic information. Micro RNA adjusts the proliferation, differentiation(분화), and extinction of cells by decomposing messenger RNA ,which is the cast for creating protein that drives vital phenomenon. There are around 2,000 varieties of micro RNA, and each one targets hundreds to thousands of messenger RNAs. Therefore, several prediction algorithms are used due to the costs and the time needed to verify target genes respectively through experiments. Previously, microRNAs were paired with each other based on their complementary sequence information to predict the targeted messengerRNA genes, but it is anticipated that it will be able to narrow down the target by adding information on characteristic sequence information (CUG motif) in the future. Through superparallel ranking analysis, the professor team identified the new gene control mechanisms in which the quality control protein (UPF1) of messengerRNA and microRNA work together, and named it UMD. To prevent abnormal proteins from being produced from messengerRNA that did not receive proper information from DNA, it was known that a quality control protein exists to break down the corresponding messenger RNA. However, it was newly discovered that when micro RNA is added, quality control protein is combined into a characteristic part (CUG motif) that is different from the previous one. The professor team noted the correlation between decomposition by microRNA and decomposition by quality control protein based on the better disassembly by quality control protein if messengerRNA has a microRNA binding site. In effect, it has been found that binding sites of quality control proteins (CUG motifs) are better preserved evolutionally in a microRNA combining site. Instead of controlling the proteins that are related to the disease or the genes that are passed on to the next generation, adjusting the messengerRNA, which functions as the intermediate product in the process of producing proteins from genes and disappears, seems to have advantages in drug designs. The achievements of this research, which was carried out with the support of mid-sized research support projects and bio·medical technology development projects by the Ministry of Science and ICT(MSIT)‧ National Research Foundation of Korea were published in the Journal of Nature Communications on September 13th. ▲ UMD decomposition mechanism investigation experiment and a mechanism molecular structure mimetic diagram
▲Professor Kim Sun-jeong A research team led by Professor Kim Sun-jeong of the Department of Biomedical Engineering at Hanyang University, in collaboration with a multinational research team that includes Professor Ray Baughman of the University of Texas at Dallas in the U.S., developed ‘sheath-run artificial muscles (STAMs)’ that is 40 times stronger than human muscle. With this study, the newly developed artificial muscle is relatively cheap in materials and will be available commercially in the future. The outcome of this research has been published in 「Science」, the world’s most authoritative magazine on the 12th. The multinational research team that Kim is a member of has been researching carbon nanotube yarn (CNT)-based artificial muscle over the past 15 years. However, due to the high price of carbon nanotube yarns, its commercial usage was difficult. In contrast, the sheath-run artificial muscles developed in this research possess a performance ability 9 times higher than that of the existing artificial muscles, overcoming the financial problem that existing artificial muscle faced at the same time. Breaking away from the carbon nanotube yarns that were unsuitable for commercial use due to its high price, sheath-run artificial muscles demonstrate a high likelihood for commercial usage in the future as it utilizes nylon and silk, of which, prices are relatively low. For example, economic artificial muscles can be produced with inexpensive yarns, and artificial muscles made with yarns suitable for intelligent structures such as a wearable system can be also produced. Kim’s team, the co-author of the paper, also contributed to the development of artificial muscle that runs as glucose levels increase, opening the possibility of artificial muscle’s application in the bio sector. In this research, Kim’s team developed hydrogel, which reacts to glucose, and applied it to the sheath-run artificial muscles. Synthetic hydrogel, which was used as skin, was combined with surrounding glucose to change its volume, which was converted into a driving force of artificial muscle to react to the glucose concentration. This sheath-run artificial muscles is applicable to drug release systems based on blood sugar levels in the body. This research was funded by the Leader Research Support Project (Center for Self-Powered Actuation) and executed by the Ministry of Science and ICT’s National Research Foundation of Korea. ▲An explanation of the illustration: the production of sheath-run artificial muscles - (Pictured on the left) Schematic lateral and cross-sectional views of a twisted CNT yarn and an SRAM, made by coating a twisted CNT yarn with a polymer sheath. - (Pictured on the right) An SRAM made by self-coiling a sheath-coated twisted yarn. ▲Cover of international journal 「Science」 that published the thesis on artificial muscle on the 12th. (Photo courtesy of Ken Richardson)
The death rate of firefighters was 38 per 100,000 people in 2017, which was 4.8 times that of the U.S. In the last five years, 438 police officers have died while on duty. As such, a group of job security workers have been exposed to numerous dangers. Those who need to be protected, such as emergency patients or the elderly living alone, are also vulnerable. Kim Tae-won, a professor in the Division of Mechanical Engineering, is studying ways to increase their survivability rate. It was selected by the Convergence Research Center (CRC) of the Ministry of Science and ICT's leading research center, developing 'Survivability Signal Information Technology'. Survivability Signal Information Survivability analysis techniques are based on changes in the state of the body and things caused by an accident. This technique can help save a person from an emergency. Bio-signals tell if a person lying on the road is asleep or physically dangerous. In the case of emergency patients, survivability indicators and information, such as viability, are derived through biological signals. The selected information is sent to the appropriate medical staff during transport to the emergency center. This information allows medical staff to prepare for emergency measures, including surgery. As the bio-signals enable quick judgment and response, the survivability rate of patients can be increased. Kim’s source technology based on survivability signal information is at the world’s highest level, which is expected to produce new concepts of invention. In recognition of the creativity and spirit of the research subjects, the research is being conducted through the support of the Korea Research Foundation, selected as a CRC (fusion field). It formed a business group with a joint research institute, including 10 core researchers, and students with master's and doctorate degrees. The total study period is seven years and consists of two stages. ▲ Professor Kim Tae-won (Division of Mechanical Engineering) explained that the study of survivability signal information involves experts from various fields such as social studies and psychology as well as mechanical engineering. For the past nine years, Kim studied basic technologies such as analysis and model development related to survivability skills at the Defense Specialized University Research Center. Now, beyond the survival of soldiers, his research has extended its coverage to civilian safety. In addition to the already proven track record, they have teamed up with experts in engineering, medicine, medical engineering, and social psychology to add further technologies. It integrates physical signals, body signals, and psychological analysis to enable more accurate index settings. "Reinterpreting physical signals and vital signs into psychological data to obtain the substantial information necessary for survivability." As the scope of application has expanded, it is to prepare for a number of risk factors. First, experts from various fields classified the 'work environment information', 'risk factors' and 'risk levels' to apply survivability information technology. In addition, it will conduct verification and empirical research development technologies through collaborating with relevant institutions, such as hospitals, fire and police departments. It is going to analyze physical and psychological risk factors and protection factors of each occupational group responsible for social safety, which will be linked to biometric recognition systems. The technology also identifies the relationship between vital signs, body and psychological data. This will help develop risk prevention programs and post-treatment programs for each occupational group. ▲ Along with the advancement of survivability signal information platform technology based on biometric measurements and analysis, psychosocial link survivability enhancement programs are also being developed. For more, more precious lives The empirical goal of the research is to build signal information measurement sensors, antennas, and communication systems into wearable forms and attach them to the human body. Through an invention with wearable sensors, it is planning to use it widely, from social safety to life safety. Based on IoT, it can be utilized in all fields such as Smart Home, Smart Car, Distribution Industry, Wearable Mobile, Health Care, and others. In order to effectively apply the survivability signal information technology, legal and institutional issues such as privacy and personal information laws should be solved together. "The technology to be developed through this research will contribute, not only to social safety workers, but also the physical and mental safety and health of the general public, including emergency patients,” said Kim. ▲ Professor Kim Tae-won (Division of Mechanical Engineering) poses with students who have conducted the research together.
As of last year, there were more than 1.71 million foreign residents in Korea, which is 3.4% of the total population. The number of marriage migrants, also known as multicultural marriages, is also a large part of the total population at around 150,000. Professor Kim Doo-seop (Department of Sociology) has built a foundation for migrant research since establishing the ‘CSMR Multiculture Institute’ in 2011. This year, Hanyang University SSK Multicultural Research Project was selected as a project to enter the large-scale stage. ▲On the 6th, News H met Professor Kim Doo-seop (Department of Sociology) and discussed the contents of the SSK multiculture research project and the selected items to enter the large-scale stage. An ongoing process of building data on foreign migrants Unlike conventional wisdom, Korea is becoming a country where various cultures coexist. As mentioned above, nearly 4% of the total population are foreign residents or marriage migrants. Socio-scientific research on this phenomenon is crucial but various data such as related literatures should be preceded. Since 2011, Professor Kim's research team has built a foundation for migrant research through archives and database construction. In addition, he published four academic books on marriage immigrants and migrant workers, ten books on foreigners' statistics, and 54 papers in domestic and international journals. He has also internationally carried out other academic activities such as academic conferences, joint seminars, a colloquium, and academic presentations. Recently, as a result of the examination by the Korea Research Foundation, the SSK multicultural research project of Hanyang University was recognized as a significant research project with its importance and timeliness and selected as a large-scale research progect. This selection has been applied since last September and will receive research funds of 580 million won per year over the next four years. The name was also changed from 'CSMR Multicultural Institute' to 'CSMR Multiculture Management Center'. Professor Kim 's research team will expand the research project. A leap forward as a hub for immigrant and multicultural research First, the archive for migrants and DB construction, which have been done in the past, will continue to be supplemented. By August 31, the research team has collected about 1,300 related papers in the CSMR archive and will be adding future papers and constantly supplementing the search menu. The research subjects have also been expanded to set targets for collecting data on ethnic minorities abroad. Until now, archives and databases have been organized mainly on problems related to domestic issues such as multicultural families, marriage migrants, migrant workers, multicultural children, foreign students, etc. By expanding the study's target groups and diversifying the construction data, the center pursues stepping up to a global DB center for multiculture. In addition, the center plans to expand exchanges with scholars and research institutes in Korea and abroad and also exert their active efforts to nurture students by linking with the in-school research institute and graduate school curriculum. In line with the name of the Multiculture Management Center, they will ultimately make a leap into the hub of multicultural research and immigrants who have formed networks with major research institutes and scholars in the world. ▲ Professor Kim Doo-seop said, "We will contribute to policy alternatives and social consensus through future research." Professor Kim said, "The center provides a center for research on migrants through document archives and DB construction" and added, “It is meaningful to promote research through various interdisciplinary approaches and to form an international network of migrants and multicultural researchers. " Furthermore, he stated that the ultimate goal of the study is to contribute to the accumulation of demographic knowledge on migration and multiculturalism that Korean society faces and to provide policy alternatives and social consensus through ongoing activities of the Multiculture Management Center.
Chronic diseases, such as Parkinson's disease, diabetes, dementia, and degenerative arthitis, cannot be cured and should be managed for life. To treat this, stem cells are being studied in medicine. Professor Lee Sang-hoon (Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, College of Medicine) has been conducting research on embryonic stem cell research for treatment of chronic diseases at the Medical Research Center (MRC) of Hanyang University since 2008. He will carry out further research until 2024. ▲ On November 6th, News H visited Prof. Lee Sang-hoon (Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, College of Medicine) and talked about stem cell and tissue regeneration research. (Source: Professor Lee Sang-hoon) Increased understanding of stem cells The relationship between chronic diseases and stem cell research is inevitable. First, in order for the disease to be treated, it is necessary to restore the cells that have been damaged by the disease. The reason why chronic diseases are not treated is because the damaged tissue is an organ that can not be recovered by the human body itself. Neurons and brain cells are destroyed, or genetic problems do not occur due to specific hormones, making a cure impossible. But there is a possibility. If the patient's stem cells can be cloned and cultured well, the cells can theoretically be differentiated into desired cells. Professor Lee has studied the theoretical techniques in detail. In 2008, Hanyang University MRC (Medical Research Council) conducted a research on the basic mechanism of stem cells under the name 'Stem Cell Control Research Center'. In detail, stem cells are cultured, and the number of stem cells is differentiated into tissue cells. Professor Lee conducted a 'stem cell behavior control study' that controlled this behavior. Since the study of stem cells at the time was at the beginning stage, he has been working on the mechanism of how a series of processes take place. Based on the research, he will carry out this research project. First of all, this research project will continue the basic mechanism research. In addition to the existing understanding, he will improve the understanding of stem cells, the understanding of the differentiation process, and the plan to apply it to other fields such as stem cells. ▲ Professor Lee's team will continue to study for higher stem cell understanding. (Source: Professor Lee Sang-hoon) Clinical application, industrialization and internationalization Through this project, his research team will receive a total of 7 billion research grants for seven years, one billion annually. As a new name, Hanyang University MRC 'Tissue Regeneration Promotion Research Center's goal is to develop cell transplantation and gene therapy technologies for Parkinson's disease, mass-production of stem cells with excellent therapeutic effects, and research on the development of affected parts using astrocytes. Parkinson's disease causes the destruction of dopamine-producing substantia nigra, which is intended for clinical application of cell transplantation or gene therapy. Mass production of stem cells can be used for clinical treatment, so mass production and industrialization are also important targets. Finally, research using stellate cells is also an important goal. When diseases such as dementia or Parkinson's disease are destroyed, not only the destroyed cells but also the surrounding environment becomes bad. Some of the environment is astrocytes. By transplanting stellate cells made by differentiating stem cells, it can improve the surrounding environment of the brain and help regenerate brain tissue. In this way, internationalization of research results through clinical application and industrialization process is being prepared. In addition to the domestic medical industry, it is also possible to enter the overseas markets in cooperation with Indonesian companies. In addition, research on the basic mechanism will be carried out continuously, so that degenerative diseases, which were chronic diseases in the future, will be gradually transferred to the treatment side.
Hanyang University Institute for Euro-African Studies recently signed an MOU, the first among domestic universities, with government institutions and universities in Tanzania and Morocco. Hanyang University will support the training of experts in Africa and advancement of Korean SMEs. The Institute signed an MOU with major economic ministries, including Tanzania Trade Development Agency, Tourism and Investment Office, University of Dar es Salaam, and Ardhi University, on May 13th. In particular, the Tourism Authority of Tanzania has decided to appoint Hanyang University Institute for Euro-African Studies as the Korean Goodwill Ambassador to Tanzania. Prior to this, the Institute sought to cooperate with the Ministry of Urban Policy and Development in Morocco last December and signed a MOU with Mohamed V. University of Rabat the capital of Morocco. After the agreement, the Institute joined Nanjing University, China and Meiji University, Japan to co-host the Asia-Africa Cooperation International Conference. The two-way agreement with Tanzania and Moroccan agencies and universities signifies the expansion of their foundations for training regional experts on Africa and opens the way into the African market for small-to-medium Korean enterprises as well as academic exchanges. Kim Sung-soo, a professor in the Department of Political Science and International Studies, said on December 22, "The agreement has an economic significance in addition to academic significance." He added, “The entry of Korean SMEs to Africa will also greatly help Korea's economy. " ▲Prof. Kim Sung-soo
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