Foreign Towns in Korea
Replica towns of China and Germany
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There are different foreign towns or villages in Korea which possess a unique historical background. It boasts exotic scenery and sites. People in Korea can have the chance to learn about foreign culture. For special experiences in Korea, two foreign towns are worth taking a look.
One with the Longest History, Incheon China Town
Incheon China Town is located at Jung-gu, Incheon. It is easily accessible if people use the subway and get off at the Incheon station, Line 1. The first thing that draws people in is the color red and the large, decorative gate. As red is the favorite color of the Chinese, a lot of the buildings, store signs and lights are decorated with red.
The history of Incheon China Town started with the Hwagyo. Hwagyo refers to Chinese people living outside of China. It traces back to 1882 when China was in the Qing Dynasty. About 40 Hwagyo people came to Joseon (the name of Korea then) as military merchants providing materials needed by the Chinese military. They also had frequent deals with Koreans as well. As the scale of their business grew, an official concession for the Chinese was granted in 1884. The official consulate of Qing was established in the several months that followed. In the year 1890, the number of Hwagyo increased up to 1000.
Hwagyo successfully promoted benefits in between Qing and Joseon. They brought in materials that were very rare in Joseon at the time. It included products like silk and cotton cloth. It is said that vegetables like onions, carrots, and tomatoes were also first introduced in Joseon by the Chinese merchants. More Chinese people were attracted to Joseon because of the high possibility of successful business. Consequently, more Hwagyo began residing in Joseon, building Chinese-style architecture that remains until this day in Incheon.
Although Hwagyo once suffered from the Sino-Japanese war from 1894 to 1895, and more regulations by the Korean government made the lives of Hwagyo hard, the spread of globalization in the 21st century shed light on the cultural and historical values of the Incheon China Town. With the support of the Korean government, now there are more tourism infrastructures like museums, stores and decorated streets in the town. Museums provide Korean and Chinese language courses and Chinese traditional music performances. Chinese food in streets and restaurants also adds up to the flavor of the town.
Home of the Patriots, Namhae German Village
History of Namhae German Village located in Namhae is closely affiliated with Korea’s heightened economic development in the 60s. In the early 1960s, Korea was suffering from economic depression. It was extremely hard for young people in Korea to get a job. Germany, on the other hand, had a serious shortage of labor force in so-called 3-D jobs: 'Difficult, Dirty and Dangerous'. To solve employment problems and supplement foreign currency reserves, about 20,000 nurses and miners were sent to Germany to work there.
Despite many hardships like language and harsh labor conditions, young Koreans greatly aided in solving Korea's economic depression by transferring their earnings to families at home. The Korean government inferred that this contribution largely helped to accomplish the 'miracle of the Han river'. To compensate the nurses and miners who came back, the government started to build the Namhae German Village in 2000. German people live in the village, too, who are married to Korean citizens.
There are now about 40 houses built inside the village. All the houses are built in the unique style of German architecture with red roofs. It is also in close proximity to the coastline, embodying a calming and beautiful landscape. About 30 houses run private room rental services, used by visitors of the village.
As a small German community within Korea, the village provides food, festivals, and landscape that let people truly enjoy the German culture. Popular German beer and sausages are easily attained. Festivals composed of various programs are held annually to attract tourists. This includes performances and beer-drinking contests. Information on the lives of Korean miners and nurses is exhibited in the village museum. It opened in 2004 to raise awareness about the hardships confronted by young Korean workers in Germany.
Yun Ji-hyun firstname.lastname@example.org
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