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2020-03 29

[Academics][Researcher of the Month] A Cause of Parkinson’s Disease Recently Discovered

Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a long-term degenerative disorder of the central nervous system that mainly affects the motor system. The cause of PD is still unknown, other than its suggested correlation with genetic and environmental factors. Professor Lee Sang-hun (College of Medicine) has recently come up with a model that supports the hereditary cause of disease. Professor Lee Sang-hun's (College of Medicine) research presents a new clue about the cause of Parkinson's disease (PD). PD is found to be associated with the degeneration of midbrain-type dopamine (mDA) neurons. Lee’s research team found out that the RNA-binding protein Lin28 plays a role in neuronal stem cell development, and that the gene mutation of Lin28 causes the degeneration of mDA neurons. Also, the experiment showed that when the Lin28 mutation was corrected, the symptoms related to Parkinson’s disease disappeared. Lee came up with an in vitro human embryonic stem cell/human induced pluripotent stem cell‐based disease model. The model proposes that the Lin28 R192G mutation leads to developmental defects and modification of Lin28 opens up the possibility of rescuing the patient from the disease. “People normally think that PD is deeply related to one’s age,” said Lee. “This research suggests that it is also highly likely to be a genetic defect. This finding will provide a more accurate diagnosis model.” Lee's team found out that an RNA-binding protein called Lin28 plays a role in the manifestation and treatment of PD. (Photo courtesy of Lee) Researchers spent four years trying to identify the distinct characteristics that two young PD patients shared with each other. The team conducted numerous biological trials to prove their findings. The model was a reward for their ceaseless efforts, taking them a step closer to finally identifying the cause of PD. However, there is still no cure for PD or for many other neurodegenerative diseases. Lee said he intends to develop a practical treatment during his last five years of tenure. “I am now working on projects with bio-venture companies,” explained Lee. “I hope my research enables a more pragmatic approach in overcoming neurodegenerative diseases.” Lee plans to work on pragmatic treatments during his last five years of tenure. Lee asked students to be more ambitious in deciding what they long to achieve. “He who works hard will get the chance to show himself,” advised the professor, leading by example for all young scholars. Oh Kyu-jin alex684@hanyang.ac.kr

2020-03 26

[Special][Photo] 8 Scenic Points of Hanyang

Hanyang Pal-kyung (漢陽八景, 8 Scenic Points of Hanyang) has connected 8 beautiful viewpoints within the campus. Hanyang members can take a walk around the Dulle-gil when they are tired from their work and studies, and those who are visiting the school for the first time can easily learn about Hanyang University. Let's learn about the viewpoints within the course, the "8 Scenic Points of Hanyang." View 1. The Lion's Rumble ▲Lion statue in front of the Administration Building is the starting point of the Dulle-gil. View 2. Memorial Stone's Reflection ▲The symbol of Hanyang's spirit of humanities can be seen in the middle of the 158 stairs. View 3. Namsan's Twilight ▲Located on the back terrace of the College of Humanities. The place is known for its beautiful night view. View 4. Riverside's Night Lights ▲A view of Jungnangcheon and Cheonggyechen being merged View 5. War Horse's Tracks ▲Trail in front of the Paiknam Academic Information Center & Library are grounds where the Majodan of the Joseon Dynasty used to be located. View 6. Haengwon Park Stroll ▲Conversations being made on the hill of Haengdangdong. Haengwon Park in front of the School of Business View 7. Outdoor Stadium's Youthful Energy ▲Photograph of Track and Field in March 2020. Due to the construction, the view cannot be seen yet. View 8. The Amphitheater's Cheers ▲The amphitheater in front of the Chung Mong-Koo Automotive Research Center is a place filled with the romance of campus life. Global News Team Translated by: Lee Wonyoung global@hanyang.ac.kr

2020-03 26

[Special][Photo] Same March 12th as Last Year, but With Different Lives...Campus Scene that Shows the Changes Caused by COVID-19

To prevent the spread of the Novel Corona Virus (COVID-19), Hanyang University postponed the first day of school by two weeks and decided to conduct online lectures for the next two weeks. The main club recruitment exposition that was held on March 12th of 2019 did not reopen this year. Here is the comparison between last year and this year. ▲ March 12th of this year (left) and last year at Hanmadang. While the main club recruitment exposition is held every year at Hanmadang, the area was empty this year. ▲ Hanmadang, which was filled with club booths and people (right), is now empty. A COVID-19 related banner can be seen at the back of Hanmadang. ▲ Spring of 2019 where it was filled with club experience booths (right). The energetic spring is no longer to be seen, with only a few people hurrying through the area with their masks on. ▲ Space where club booths were installed is now empty. ▲ In front of the KB Kookmin Bank's 365 ATM Center, students' laughter used to be heard . Now, there is an announcement posted in front of the ATM that preventive measures are being taken every day (left). Global News Team Translated by: Lee Wonyoung global@hanyang.ac.kr

2020-03 26

[Academics]Hanyang University Professor Kim Jong-Ho, Developed a Nanocatalyst that Enhances the Performance of Metal-Air Batteries

Professor Kim Jong-ho Hanyang University announced on March 26th that Professor Kim Jong-ho's team in the Department of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering of Hanyang University ERICA campus has developed a new nanocatalyst that enhances the performance of metal-air batteries. A "metal-air battery" is a next-generation battery that is charged and discharged through oxygen in the air, which has bigger energy storage, a lower price, and no possibility of explosion compared to the Lithium-ion batteries, and therefore is attracting the attention of the electric vehicle industry. The performance of a metal-air battery that can be charged and discharged is determined by the oxygen's oxidation and deoxidation rate of reaction happening within the cathode. Up until now, expensive catalysts such as platinum (Pt) and ruthenium (Ru) have been used to catalyze the oxidation and deoxidation of the oxygen. However, these catalysts had the problem of reducing the lifespan of the battery, due to its high price and low stability. For this reason, the need for a carbon catalyst with a low price and great performance has been understood. Professor Kim's team coined the "Solvothermal Radical Synthesis," solving the problem through delicately adjusting the nanostructure and vitality of the carbon catalyst. Professor Kim's team attached cobalt atoms or cobalt nanoparticles to porous carbon nanostructures, in order to adjust the interaction between organic-inorganic molecules and precisely control the structure and vitality of the catalyst, thereby enhancing the performance and stability of the catalysts. The metal-air battery produced through the use of this carbon-nanocatalyst has a 30% lower price than the original catalyst, which maintains its stabilized performance above 100%, even after its long charging and discharging. Professor Kim mentioned that "when the carbon-nanocatalyst with a cheap price and high performance is applied to metal-air batteries, it will remarkably reduce the unit cost of electric vehicles," and added, "This research provides a new method to develop a next-generation nanocatalyst material with precisely adjusted structure and performance through molecular controlling." This research was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea and was conducted with Professor Lee Sang-uck's team from Hanyang University ERICA Departement of Chemical and Molecular Engineering, and the result of the research (Paper Title: Molecular engineering of nanostructures and activities on bifunctional oxygen electrocatalysts for Zinc-air batteries) that was published online on one of the top internationally renowned academic journals within the field of chemical and environmental engineering, Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, on March 9th. ▲ Synthesis of carbon-based nanocatalyst through effective molecule control <Reference> Related paper: 2020_3_Molecular engineering of nanostructures and activities on bifunctional oxygen electrocatalysts for Zinc-air batteries 『Applied Catalysis B: Environmental』 Global News Team Translated by: Lee Wonyoung global@hanyang.ac.kr

2020-03 26

[Policy][COVID-19] Online Lectures Will Continue Until April 11th... Offline Lectures Under Necessary Circumstances Are Allowed Upon Approval

The distance learning period of the 2020 Spring semester has been extended for another week, through the 4th week of the semester. The Academic Service Team announced on March 25th that the distance learning format will continue until April 11th, while some lectures will be partially approved to hold offline classes during the two weeks after the 11th. ▲ Distance lectures will continue until April 11th, the 4th week of the semester. On February 7th, after the original first day of school had already been postponed for two weeks from March 2nd, the date was again moved back to March 16th. On February 28th, the schedule was re-announced to start the school on the 16th, but only under the form of online classes for two weeks from March 16th to 28th. On March 19th, the online lectures were extended for an additional week, which was until April 4th. According to the announcement made this time, online lectures are again extended for another week, which is expected to continue until this April 11th. In the end, the adjustments were made so that the offline classes were not possible until the 4th week of the semester. Despite these facts, during the 3rd and 4th week of the semester, the school will allow courses for which offline lectures are necessary to conduct them. When requests for offline lectures are made from March 30th to April 11th, the approved result will be announced through the course room. There are a few circumstances to meet in order for offline lectures to be approved. First, it is limited to experiment practice and theory practice courses. Professors of these types of courses need to go through the process of approval from the affiliated college and the Disease Control Committee. The agreement of all students of the lecture is also necessary for procedural purposes. Moreover, the physical distance between the students and between the lecturer and the students has to be more than 2 meters, which should be considered in advance when selecting the lecture room. This suggests that the number of seats in the lecture room should be double the number of students taking the course; for example, a lecture room with more than 60 seats will be needed for a class with 30 students. When the conducting of offline courses is finally approced, participants should still follow related instructions, such as mandatorily wearing masks and continuous ventilation of the lecture room air. Meanwhile, the possible online lecture types have been announced as the live online lecture, online video lecture, and assignment focused lecture, while assignment focused lecture is limited to only 2 times within one semester. Global News Team Translated by: Lee Wonyoung global@hanyang.ac.kr

2020-03 25

[HOT Issue][COVID-19] "Love in Deed and Truth at ERICA"...a Continuing Wave of Donations from Students

(Contributed by: Facebook page of ERICA Ambassador of Hanyang University) The waves of donations from students were collected over the course of a week. Following the donations of Seoul campus students, the ERICA campus is also taking part in heartful donations in the struggle against COVID-19. On March 11th, the ERICA Ambassador of Hanyang University began collecting donations for the people and medical teams who are struggling against COVID-19 and those who have been harmed by it. The donation drive ran until March 18th, and a total of 135 students participated. The accumulated donation amount was 2,328,542 won. This amount was delivered to the "Hope Bridge Korea Disaster Relief Association" on March 19th, under the name of Hanyang University ERICA. The Ambassador of Hanyang University mentioned that "we would like to thank every Hanyang family again, who took part in practicing 'Love in Deed and Truth' through the donation," and added that "we also hope COVID-19 will soon come to an end so that the nation can finally get past this era." The list of participating students, the amount of contributions, and the certificate of donation can be found on the Facebook page of the Ambassador of Hanyang University. * https://ko-kr.facebook.com/hanyangerica.love/ Global News Team Translated by: Lee Wonyoung global@hanyang.ac.kr

2020-03 23

[Special]Suffering Wangsimni After Coronavirus Outbreak

The atmosphere around campus is very different compared to previous years. Wangsimni in March is usually crowded with people, but this year, it has stayed dormant as if the winter holiday has not yet ended, bringing a striking change in Wangsimni's scenery as well as in the lives of the local restaurant owners and student residents. The usually-crowded Wangsimni in March is empty due to coronavirus. Normally, Wangsimni at this time would be buzzing from morning to night with new and old friends, social outings – and perhaps a few drinks. Another feature is the many events held by departments and student clubs at the beginning of school. However, due to the coronavirus outbreak, people have been refraining from going out and most events have been canceled. "This March has been a hard time to run a business,” said a restaurant owner in Wangsimni. As the virus went viral, the restaurant's sales plunged sharply. The owner anchored his hope on the quick decline in the number of patients. "Where there is a will, there is a way,” said the owner. "I just hope that everything goes back to normal as quickly as possible.” Most meetings and events have been canceled, affecting the local restaurant owners and students. Students are also feeling the change. Choi Soo-jin (Department of Education, 2nd year), a Wangsimni resident said, "When my department held an event in early February, there were quite a lot of people enjoying their night in Wangsimni.” However, towards late February, she could see a drastic decrease in the floating population. International students, on the other hand, viewed the situation differently. Liana Ivashynenko (Division of International Studies, 2nd year), who is an exchange student and was also in Seoul last summer, said that she could not see much difference. "One thing different is that people are all wearing masks,” said Ivanshynenko. Another foreign student, Zukhra Kamalova (Division of International Studies, Master's Program), said that she looks forward to the virus being contained soon and to finally see her new friends at school. Yun Hyuk-jin, the owner of Tip of the Spear, started a mask donation campaign for the underprivileged neighbors around Seongdong-gu. Meanwhile, some locals decided to voluntarily help their neighbors through the hard time, making for a heartwarming story. Tip of the Spear, a restaurant near the campus, has been featured in the media for holding a mask donation campaign. As the demand for KF masks has surged, vulnerable social groups had relatively less opportunity to buy the masks. Yun Hyuk-jin, the owner, made a donation box where people can donate their masks to the Seongdong-gu neighbors who are economically disadvantaged. The donors are offered a small order of roasted kimchi and pork in return for four donated masks. "When I was young, there was a gold-collecting campaign to overcome Korea’s financial crisis,” recalled Yun. That is when he learned that changes come from small beginnings. Yun said that approximately 200 masks were donated by the members of Hanyang and the local community. He looks forward to seeing more people participate in the campaign. “This will reflect the warmth of the community that is cooperating to overcome the coronavirus outbreak,” said Yun. Oh Kyu-jin alex684@hanyang.ac.kr Photos by Oh Kyu-jin

2020-03 23

[Special]Professors Behind the Screen

Switching to online lectures changed many things for the professors. While students listen to lectures and study at home, professors come to school to record lectures in their various chosen ways. Behind the screens, Hanyang's professors continue to work tirelessly for students’ academic progress even during the pandemic. Interviewing Klaus Heese (Graduate School of Biomedical Science and Engineering) via video call in Skype. Heese conducts his lectures likewise. Live broadcast video lectures by Professor Klaus Heese Klaus Heese (Graduate School of Biomedical Science and Engineering) is currently teaching Comparative Biology for undergraduate students at Hanyang University. He also teaches multiple courses in the graduate program, including Selective Lab-work, Biochemistry Laboratory, Current Topics in Neuro-Immunology, Biomedical Tissue Engineering, and Current Topics in Genetics. Currently, he teaches these subjects through live broadcast video lectures. When asked if there were any difference he had felt between teaching online and offline, he said that he generally felt no difference. He found the Blackboard system convenient and efficient for uploading textbooks and homework, which was also what he always did for his normal courses. Moreover, since he holds his classes live, there was no tangible difference in interacting with his students. Nevertheless, there were minor inconveniences while holding a live session when he was logged out of the website without notice. Because there was no sign on the screen that indicated whether he was logged in, he realized many moments later that his screen showed nothing. In addition, he said the live sessions are extremely inconvenient for foreign students. Since most international student have been staying in their homeland, the time difference often results in their having to watch the lecture during the nighttime or early morning. However, he maintained that other than that, he has been generally satisfied with the system. In addition, he said he is trying to respond to the current problems by uploading the recorded version of the class on Blackboard, and advised students to make use of the videos. "Student will be able to use them to revise or make up for missed class materials," said Heese. Comparative Biology class conducted live through the blackboard system. Youtube live stream lectures by Professor Hong Ilhan Hong Ilhan (Graduate School of International Cultures) teaches an elective course, the World of Global Entertainment and Reading Trends. His chosen medium is Youtube’s live streaming. Unlike Professor Klaus Heese, Hong said that he feels a huge difference between teaching online and offline, even saying “They do share the same class title but fundamentally, they are different in every way.” Hong admitted that not having to go to school itself was a big convenience for him. However, there were many downsides to the system as he had to learn many online technologies in a very short time and also had to fix the curriculum he had already prepared in order to suit the system. Preparing the equipment was also difficult for him, too. More than anything, not being able to interact with the students as much is what he is most dissatisfied with. In order to overcome the inconveniences caused by the online lecturing system, Hong went over the reviews of the past online lecturing videos. He is also trying out different equipment to improve the audio and screen quality and uses a separate tablet to write on the textbook to replace the whiteboard. Another problem was interaction within classrooms. “Not every student owns a camera and microphone, so we use Youtube’s "raising hand" and chatting options to interact with each other, which has solved the problem.” Hong added that a change in mindset is the key. “I try to hold the lecture session with the mindset of –rather than a professor- a Youtuber or a radio DJ. It’s not easy but I am trying.” He thanked his students for patiently understanding the situation and keeping up with their work diligently despite the inconvenience. “I really wish to meet them as soon as possible in the classroom,” said Hong. Lee Yoon-seo cipcd0909@hanyang.ac.kr

2020-03 22

[Special]Hanyang's Dataset Can Predict the Coronavirus

As the coronavirus became a global epidemic, a Hanyang student developed a coronavirus dataset to help predict the spread of coronavirus. The dataset, named Data Science 4 COVID19 (DS4C), contains conveniently reprocessed data about the spread of the disease and is currently being shared with the world’s data scientists, conveying a message of willingness to work together in the face of this pandemic. DS4C is a structured dataset which offers reprocessed data about the coronavirus spread for easy analysis. It analyzes and visualizes the information provided by Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (KCDC) and local governments. Kim Ji-hoo (Department of Computer Science, Master’s program), the project manager, explained that the aim of the dataset is to provide data in a more comprehensible format, ultimately to find meaningful patterns that can help predict the disease. The coronavirus dataset, Data Science 4 COVID19 (DS4C), developed by Kim Ji-hoo (Department of Computer Science, Master’s program). The dataset is shared on Kaggle for the world's researchers. (Photo courtesy of Kim) Kim started the project because despite the seriousness of the virus and his willingness to help the situation by using the data, information available was very complicated to digest. So, he developed his own coronavirus dataset as a tool for any further data analysis. The dataset organizes detailed information including patient information; patient routes traveled; Seoul’s floating population; time series data based on age, gender, and province weather; and more. This categorized information can perform various tasks, such as help predict the changes in the number of confirmed cases, visualize the data into a more legible format, and analyze the connections between the confirmed cases. The English version of the dataset is currently available on Kaggle, an online community of data scientists from around the world, in order to help other data experts who are working on similar tasks. It has become hugely popular, quoted and referred to by many scientists around the world. "A developer in France even called me to personally thank me for sharing my dataset,” said Kim. Thanks to his contribution, he received a gold medal on Kaggle as the most referenced project, making him the first Korean recipient of this honor. Kim was the first Korean to win a gold medal on Kaggle for developing the most referenced project. (Photo courtesy of Kim) Kim expressed his gratitude towards his colleagues who worked together on the project. “It helped me in many ways because their feedback allowed me to discover methods that I could never have thought of alone,” he said. Kim also said he is proud that his work contributed in making the data flow, reprocess, and reach other researchers and encouraged his fellow Hanyangians to help overcome the pandemic in their own individual fields. Hwang Hee-won whitewon99@hanyang.ac.kr

2020-03 19

[Alumni][COVID-19] Beating COVID-19 with a "Happy Virus" from the love of colleagues

While various activities are subsiding due to the impact of COVID-19, the Hanyang University class of ‘87 is delivering warmth through gift giving. On March 14th, a message was posted in the class of '87 Band (an online community) regarding the gift sharing event. The chairman of the alumni association, Han Ki-soo, would be sending presents to his colleagues. Healthy foods will be delivered to applicants who are going through hard times due to COVID-19. They also gave options such as a strawberry jam set, a Jeju hallabong set, and a Jeju natural herb set. The presents are more meaningful in that they are all products that are sold by alumni, and they are intended to help economic growth during the difficult situation. As of the 17th, three days after the notice was posted, the applicants exceeded 500. The announcement received grateful and inspiring comments such as “I think it will get rid of the stuffy and difficult feeling right away,” and “The class of ’87 organization is great.” ▲Han Ki-soo, the president of the alumni association of class of ‘87 Han Ki-soo, the chairman of the alumni association of class of ’87, who prepared this surprise gift said that “Because of COVID-19, planned alumni events have been reduced or canceled, and private gatherings of alumni intended to change the mood of the situation also have to be refrained from”, and added that “although it is not a fundamental solution, I hope that it will help us overcome the regrets and depression that the alumni can’t see often.” . Meanwhile, the alumni association of the class of ’87, sent masks by post three times to their colleagues who are residing in the Daegu and North Gyeongsang province, by launching a campaign to send masks around mid-February to February 29th. For this to happen, lots of alumni participated in the mission to supply and send masks and have been cited as an example of an active alumni association management using an online community to rapidly gather applicants. ▲ Masks were delivered to alumni in Daegu and Northern Gyeongsang province through the post office (photo by the class of ’87 alumni association). Global News Team global@hanyang.ac.kr

2020-03 17

[Alumni][COVID-19] Drive-Through virus test method suggested by Kim Jin-yong, alumnus of the Graduate School of Public Health

While Korea’s response to the Corona virus is the focus of attention worldwide, it was confirmed that the medical faculty who proposed the drive-through method that enables virus testing inside cars is an alumnus of Hanyang University Graduate School of Public Health. Kim Jin-yong, director of infectious internal medicine at Incheon Medical Center, was in charge of treating the first confirmed patient of COVID-19. Director Kim is also from the first graduating class of the Hanyang University Graduate School of Public Health upon it’s opening. Kim's major is in the field of medical science and health statistics. According to an article by the Hankook Daily on February 27, Chilgok Gyeongbuk National University Hospital first installed the container on February 23 and introduced the drive-through screening clinic before other districts. This started from his proposal at a conference to "Create selective clinics in a wide playground to protect the safety of both patients and medical staff while increasing the speed of examination and medical care." The installation is known to have been set up after Kwon Ki-tae, a professor of infectious internal medicine at Chilgok Gyeongbuk National University Hospital, heard about the idea and proceeded an internal discussion. Meanwhile, the number of drive-through method screening clinics nationwide reached 70 as of March 16. Global News Team global@hanyang.ac.kr

2020-03 16

[Special]Publication 40-year History of ERICA Campus

The ERICA Campus celebrated their 40th anniversary last year. To commemorate the milestone, the External Affairs and Development Team published The 40-Year History of ERICA Campus, a book which details information about ERICA's growth. The book is not merely a documentation of the past, but the essence of ERICA Campus, capturing its 40-year history in four sections: Prologue, "40 Years of ERICA" (further divided into 1979 to 1989, 1990 to 1999, 2000 to 2009, and 2010 to 2019), "40 Years of ERICA's Education" and "40 years of ERICA as Viewed by the Media." To celebrate the 40th anniversary of ERICA Campus, Hanyang University published 40-Year History of ERICA Campus. (Photo courtesy of the External Affairs and Development Team) The prologue “40-Year of ERICA in photos” shows chronological changes to the campus since 1980 through photographs. It shows images of an ERICA we have never known. The captions add to our imagination, reading, for instance, “When it rained, the campus used to turn into a mud puddle because the roads were not paved. Then, students went to their lectures in a pair of boots.” Image of ERICA in 1980 in the prologue "40-Year of ERICA in Photos” (Photo courtesy of the External Affairs and Development Team) Student activities were also recorded as an important part of ERICA’s history. There is a list of all student councils since the opening of the school with a note on whether they were involved in student activism, as well as records on student movements that occurred at the time. The book also includes images of present-day ERICA, introducing the current student council, school clubs, school events, and press institutions. In the second section "student activity," information about various school activities is detailed. (Photo courtesy of the External Affairs and Development Team) Turning one page after another, we see the enormous growth of ERICA Campus over the past 10 years. Moon Mi-sun, chief of the External Affairs and Development Team said, “For us, the last 10 years have repeated brilliant growth and innovation, greater than that of any other university in Korea…I hope Hanyangians share a sense of pride by reading this book.” Moon also expressed gratitude toward the senior staffs, elder professors, and team staff who supported the making of the book. “It was difficult to collect old data and thus required a great deal of effort from the External Affairs and Development Team to successfully finish the book.” Hanyangians can get 40-Year History of ERICA Campus for free by inquiring at the External Affairs and Development Team (limited number available) or read online at 40-Year History of ERICA Campus. Hwang Hee-won whitewon99@hamyang.ac.kr