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2020-01 22

[Special]A Hanyang Student Co-Founded the Social Salon ‘Tobekant,’ Opening Another Phase of Discussion

Lee Jong-won (Political Science and International Studies) and Park Jun-su (Civil and Environmental Engineering), the founders of Tobekant, were surprised at a phenomenon that millennials (those who were born between the early 1980s and the early 2000s) and Generation Z (those who born in the digital environment between the mid-1990s and early 2000s) understand social and political issues only by reading the titles of news articles or from popular comments. Lee and Park wanted to make a center point that people can get information considerably and get along with people who share similar values. As a result, Tobekant, a social salon—which is a meeting to share one's own preferences and opinions on a certain topic—was born. ▲ Tobekant aims for ‘a meeting for current issues and news for the 2030 generations.’ (Photo courtesy of Tobekant) Tobekant began with a slogan of ‘a meeting for current issues and news for the 2030 generations.’ It holds meetings not only under the topics of current issues and politics, but also under love, business, start-ups, and movies. For more information, please refer to the website of Tobekant. The executive members of Tobekant provide an environment to share opinions freely after opening gatherings according to topics. There are no limitations such as occupation, age, or gender to be a member, but one has to keep the first principle of ‘listening to others carefully and unconditionally.’ Through unconditional attention, members share their thoughts. Adhering to the first principle forms an atmosphere that people can share their preferences and opinions. Lee and Park said, “Members can form shared thoughts, and it can further develop into a healing process to keep one’s composure.” ▲Members of Tobekant are speaking candidly with a mask. (Photo courtesy of Tobekant) One can see members of Tobekant wearing a mask within Tobekant activities. The ‘Mask Debate’ where people talk to each other with a mask is a special characteristic of Tobekant. Lee found out that people are hesitant to join a conversation on political and social issues after interviewing more than 50 people. He sought ways to cultivate an active debating culture. Inspired by a quote from Oscar Wilde: 'Man is least himself when he talks in his person. Give him a mask, and he will tell you the truth.’ He also gained inspiration from a TV show called the ‘Masked Singer,’ from which he made the ‘Mask Debate.’ ▲The founding members of Tobekant are Kim Hyeong-jun (Yonsei University Class of `15), Lee Jong-won (Political Science and International Studies Class of `04), Jo Hyeon-seok (Civil and Environmental Engineering Class of `04), and Park Jun-su (Civil and Environmental Engineering Class of `04) from the left. (Photo courtesy of Lee Jong-won) Lee and Park dreamed of starting a start-up while taking classes for around two years as convergence startup majors. They made their mind to open a start-up as they took an actual start-up workshop class by Professor Kang Chang-gyu (Startup Support Foundation). With the help of Professor Kang and their trials, their dream was boosted as the idea was chosen as a pre-startup package project of the Korea Institute of Startup & Entrepreneurship Development. Furthermore, the team of Tobekant was born last July as they scouted Jo Hyeon-seok (Civil and Environmental Engineering Class of `04) and their high school friend Kim Hyeong-jun (Yonsei University Class of '15). They will apply for the early startup package project when support from the pre-startup package ends this March. As a strength of Tobekant, Lee said being all-student founders is the one. “Since we are students who studied at universities that promote startups, we have the composure to fail, not to be impatient for success,” said Lee. Being all friends, their startup goals are trust and friendship, not success. A strong trust is a priority in any situation, and it could be found in their partnership agreement. In the document, it is written: ‘the ultimate goal of this Partnership Agreement is to make sure that the friendship of the four founding members is not damaged.’ Global News Team

2020-01 20

[Special]YouTube Becomes a Field of Discipline

YouTube is a free video platform in which people around the world spend their pastime. It has become a vital part of people’s lives since the popularization of smartphones. Following the ripple effect of YouTube, influencers started to earn unprecedented profits through the platform. Here is Kim Eun-jae (Department of Media Communication, Master’s Program) who reflected this phenomenon into a field of study. Kim Eun-jae (Department of Media Communication, Master's Program) studied how YouTube influencers earned their profits efficiently. (Photo courtesy of Google) Kim published a paper titled 'A Study on Advertising Effect Depending on Type of Information Source and Displaying of Economic Support in Influencer Marketing: Focusing on YouTube' on the Journal of Digital Contents Society. The paper has received some media attention as it was selected as one of the most read papers in DBPia – Korea’s largest multidisciplinary full-text database platform for journal articles – last year. “The research was conducted to seek the difference in advertising effects as spending patterns in legacy media and new media vary,” said Kim. With the help of Professor Whang Sang-chai (Department of Media Communication) as a corresponding author, Kim analyzed the advanced studies and made a survey based on two criteria – whether the influencer is a celebrity and whether the economic interest emerged in an explicit way. The status of the influencer did not show a significant difference in the advertising effect. Kim attributed this to the communicating feature of new media. “I expect that both being familiar with the audience contributed to the undistinguishable result,” explained Kim. However, the overtness of advertising had a prominent effect. “As Personal Media gained popularity, sponsorship indicates one’s standing as an influencer,” said Kim. “This result was against our expectations, rather meeting the forecast of Great Library – a famous YouTube content creator.” Kim found out that influencers received more profit by showing off their sponsorship to subscribers. (Photo courtesy of Kim) Kim recently made a follow-up study on YouTube subscriptions. “Demanding ‘Like’ and ‘Subscription’ explicitly has become a culture as it is deeply related to the profit model,” said Kim. “I was curious about how people wear out on this phenomenon and cancel a subscription.” Some say that you can find something truly important in an ordinary minute. Kim is expanding the horizons of academics as he explores what pass by casually in their daily life. Oh Kyu-jin

2020-01 18

[Special]Hanyang University’s Members-Only Bank That Seeks to Help Students Financially

Pursuing higher education can be quite challenging for college students, especially for people who are having difficulties making ends meet. According to a 2019 report by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) on education, tuition fees in independent private tertiary institutions were on average $8,760 for bachelor degree programs per year, placing Korea in fourth place among OECD countries with the highest tuition fees. Hanyang University’s Kidaribank, a members-only bank that is run by students, seeks to alleviate financial pressure by offering quick loans, education, and various services to Hanyang University students. Founded in 2015, Kidaribank has 20 to 30 executives and around 235 members. The organization is not an ordinary bank, as it is actually a club that offers loaning services exclusively to Hanyang University students. Kidaribank also does not require background checks or financial statements from clients when they grant loans. Instead, collateral is based on the status of the loaner as a Hanyang University student, and the plans they submit on how the money will be used. Kidaribank seeks to create an impact on society as members are not only offered financial support, but are also educated on financial management and other highly-sought-after job skills, such as Microsoft Excel and the programming language R that will help them become financially independent. Kidaribank’s official logo (Photo courtesy of Lee) In order to become a Kidaribank member, applicants must friend the bank on Kakao Talk’s Plus Friend and submit their information. Regardless of nationality or financial status, one can become a member as long as they are currently enrolled in Hanyang University or are taking a leave of absence (visiting students from other universities are not eligible). Members are required to make a minimum investment of 10,000 won ($8.6). The money invested reflects how much a member can loan from the bank, with the maximum loan being 10 times the amount that the member invested in the bank. Kidaribank currently offers one fund called ‘short-dari,’ which means short legs in Korean (the opposite of kidari, long legs). The fund lends members a maximum of 300,000 won and is without interest. However, members are given the chance to donate an ‘autonomous interest,’ a policy in line with the bank’s objective to create social impact that seeks to help students financially. (From left) The chairman of the board of directors Lee Jae-hyuk (Department of Sociology, 3rd year) and a former chairman of the board of directors Kim Min-jae (Department of Financial Management, 4th year) of Kidaribank In order to apply for the loan, members need to download the application at the Kidaribank Kakao Talk page, fill it out, and send it to The application is currently offered in Korean, but one can chat with an executive through the Kidaribank Kakao Talk chat room, who will then offer assistance in filling out the form. Once the application is submitted, applicants will be evaluated non-face-to-face, based on the applicant’s plans on how the loan will be used. After this step, applicants will be interviewed by an executive, face-to-face. During this interview, new members will be also educated on their newfound status as a member. Loans can take up to a week and are to be paid back in six months. Overdue payments have a penalty of 1,000 won per month. “What Kidaribank really wants to do is to not only lend people 300,000 won, but to also promote the idea that this place creates social value by lending this money to Hanyang University students,” said Lee Jae-hyuk (Department of Sociology, 3rd year), the chairman of the board of directors of Kidaribank. “Not only do we offer loaning services such as the short-dari fund, but we also offer financial management classes, late-night snack give-outs, and education classes on Excel, stock exchange, or R programming to members.” Kidaribank has also collaborated with companies such as Kakao and the National Credit Union Federation of Korea (NACUFOK). Through these memorandums of understandings, Kidaribank has offered installment savings programs with guest lectures with the objective to help members achieve their dreams. Starting in 2020, Kidaribank plans on offering loans for monthly rent and a ‘quick-dari fund’ that simplifies the process of applying for a loan and shortens the timespan between application and loan deposit. Pictured is Kidaribank’s general meeting with members, which is held twice a year. (Photo courtesy of Lee) Kidaribank’s influence is not limited to Hanyang University alone. Starting with Hanyang, the bank has expanded its services to the University of Seoul, Dankook University’s Cheonan Campus, and Konkuk University. The branches are managed independently by students of each university. “Kidaribank’s members need to increase in order to offer more loans for the organization to be something more than just a lending business,” said Kim Min-jae (Department of Financial Management, 4th year), a former chairman of the board of directors of Kidaribank. “There are more students benefiting from it than one thinks, as the funds are created by the accumulated investments of Hanyang University students, which is circulated and always helping someone.” Lee (left) and Kim are posing in front of Kidaribank’s office. Kidaribank is located on the fifth floor of Hanyang University’s Hanyang Plaza Building. Jung Myung-suk Photos by Jung Myung-suk

2020-01 12

[Special]Startup Is a Stepping Stone to Success

People seek to relax and find satisfaction after the stressful moments of everyday life. Some may prefer to stay home, but others would prefer to involve themselves in social intercourse. As a consequence, the ‘social salon’ has gained popularity from people in their 20s and 30s. Here is Park Jun-soo (Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, 4th year) and Lee Jong-won (Department of Political Science and International Studies, 4th year) who established a social salon startup named To Be KANT. To Be KANT is a social salon startup led by two Hanyang students, Park Jun-soo (Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, 4th year) and Lee Jong-won (Department of Political Science and International Studies, 4th year). (Photo courtesy of To Be KANT) The social salon finds its roots in 18th century France. Intellectuals and artists would gather in a ‘salon’—which means room in French—and engage in discussions and debates. To Be KANT provided a contemporary definition of a social salon—a cultural space where people make gatherings depending on their tastes. The business started as a team project in one class in the Department of Entrepreneurship. “News curation was what we initially had in mind,” said Park, the co-founder of the company. “With the process of model verification, To Be KANT was launched as a social salon where people curate their ideas based on their preferences.” A social salon is a space of gathering in accordance with people's interests. (Photo courtesy of To Be KANT) To Be KANT holds get-togethers that deal with current affairs, film reviews, and pastime activities. The members meet in a dedicated space called ‘igloo,’ which implies warmth beneath the cold modern society. “The number one principle in To Be KANT is listening courteously,” said Lee, the other co-founder. “Our goal is to provide a field of communication that supports members to regain their mental composure.” Mask debate is a program that represents To Be KANT as a social salon platform. It is a get-together where participants wear masks and discuss controversial issues. The program was inspired by Lee’s experience as an intern reporter. “I was surprised to see my peers refrain from being dragged to social conflicts,” recalled Lee. Oscar Wilde’s quote—“Man is least himself when he talks in his own person. Give him a mask, and he will tell you the truth.”—flashed across the CEO’s mind. After going through countless pilot tests, To Be KANT developed a unique type of mask debate with three players: the controller, speaker, and playmaker. The startup aims to set a stage for sharing divergent opinions, especially for the upcoming parliamentary elections. “We expect people to express their honest opinions on current events through their masks,” said Lee. Mask debate is a representative program in To Be KANT which lets the participants discuss controversial issues with their masks on. (Photo courtesy of To Be KANT) To Be KANT has benefited from the preliminary business launch package funded by the Korea Institute of Startup and Entrepreneurship Development. As termination of the support is forthcoming, the startup is planning to apply for the next step—the early-stage business launching package. To Be KANT is building up a portfolio to get support from startup accelerators as well. Park and Lee advised fellow Hanyang students not to be afraid of challenges. “The results might not work out as expected,” said Park, passionately. “However, we are improving day by day through numerous failures.” The two co-founders gave credit to their teamwork in overcoming these hardships. “We fully acknowledge our competence and each other’s roles,” said Lee. “It is a good opportunity to learn the fundamentals of business despite the slow pace.” To Be KANT is making progress as Park and Lee relish challenges with a strong partnership. (Photo courtesy of To Be KANT) The greatest glory in living lies not in never falling, but in rising every time we fall. The student CEOs of To Be KANT are boldly moving toward their dreams as successful entrepreneurs. Oh Kyu-jin Design by Oh Chae-won

2020-01 11

[Special]Kim Gun-woo, an Entrepreneur Who Saw Both Sides of the Startup World

In line with the Korean government's vow to increase support for venture firms, Hanyang University has been supporting young entrepreneurs as it has a fair number of venture firms that were supported through the school’s Startup Support Foundation. One such benefactor of the foundation’s program was Kim Gun-woo (Department of Electronic Engineering, ‘13), who referred to himself as a “serial business shutter.” He initially started with his first startup Bigfan, a sports magazine, and three more succeeding startups, which all failed to stay afloat. Nevertheless, instead of being dismayed, Kim led himself to new challenges. Today, he makes principle investments as part of an alternative investment team at a security firm in Korea. Having been on both sides of the startup world, Kim recently published Startup White Paper, which offers a guideline for future entrepreneurs by introducing readers to the dos and don'ts of creating one's own business. Kim Gun-woo (Department of Electronic Engineering, ‘13) has recently published Startup White Paper to introduce young dreamers into the world of startups. Kim dreamed of founding his own company since 2010, dreaming of success and large paychecks. He first thought of a sports season pass transfer platform that would allow people to sell and buy various passes including baseball, basketball, and soccer. Initially, the business seemed promising. He was selected by a government support program called "the 1,000 project" and was admitted into an incubating center to develop his business model. In 2012, Kim launched a sports magazine startup, Bigfan. However, two years later, Bigfan was shut down, to which Kim said it was inevitable, as it was his first business, and there were limitations to the assets and the number of employees he could acquire. Even after countless failures, Kim found opportunities in niche markets. Today, he uses his experience to find potential in startups as an investor. Despite Bigfan’s failure, Kim continued to pursue his dream to create startups. Kim created a matchmaking platform for startups called Buildup, which introduces people interested in startups with talent-seeking businesses. In 2016, Kim founded a real estate third dimensional modeling solution which allowed businesses to examine estates without having to travel to the actual locations. Although Kim was unsuccessful with his business pursuits, his experience was prized by investment companies when he decided to seek employment. In 2014, Kim went to the other side of startups, as a person who assesses companies instead of making them. Kim’s journey into this industry has had many obstacles, as he went through four jobs until he was employed by his current employer, Meritz Securities, late last year. Kim's Startup White Paper (Photo courtesy of Seulgi Books) Kim invites young entrepreneurs who want to create their own startup to start fast to do right away. He added that money is not an issue these days, compared to a few years ago, as universities and the government are shoveling in assets to give young dreamers with big ideas a chance. However, Kim warned that only 1 percent of startups are successful and the other 99 percent of people who failed need to prepare for another career. He also advised students to stay in school instead of dropping out like Mark Zuckerberg or Bill Gates, refraining from abandoning everything in order to pursue their dream. Kim shares his experience and feelings in Startup White Paper, which includes “the most basic information that people would definitely know when they create their own startup and go through the process in building their business.” “I hope that the number of cases where startups are evaluated as good companies increase in Korea and accumulate,” said Kim. “I bet my life on startups, and I wish others can grow with me.” Jung Myung-suk Photos by Jung Myung-suk

2020-01 07

[Special]The First Day of 2020, Who Is on Campus?

The first day of a new year means holiday, that is, for most of us. For some diligent Hanyangians, the first week of January means time spent on campus for an early start of a fruitful year. As the saying goes, the early bird catches the worm. What are the early Hanyangians wishing to catch? The campus is already busy early into the new year. Which Hanyangians are staying on campus during the first week of January? The winter holiday has started, but Hanyang students' passion towards education continues. Jeon Ye-jin (Department of English Language and Literature, 4th year) stayed on campus during the first week of 2020 to study for the winter classes. "I will be preparing for graduate school next semester, so I wanted to take undergraduate classes while I'm less busy. Also, I plan to spend the holiday studying academic papers and books at the school library," said Jeon. Although she could not rest even during the new year's day, Jeon said that planning her future is more meaningful to her. "My new year's wish is to get accepted to the graduate school I wish to go!" said Jeon. Jeon Ye-jin (Department of English Language and Literature, 4th year) was one of the students who stayed on campus during the first week of 2020 to study for winter classes and prepare for graduate school. The Olympic Gymnasium is restless, even in the first week of January. Professors and students of Hanyang sports teams are practicing fiercely for this year’s upcoming tournaments. The coach of the Hanyang men's volleyball team, Professor Yang Jin-woong (Department of Physical Education) explained that there will be heavy training until the tournament starts in March. During the last three years with Yang as the coach, the volleyball team achieved remarkable records in various tournaments. However, last year, they closely missed the title of all-round champion. “Our 2020 goal is to win the all-round championship. Everyone in the team is practicing hard for it,” said Yang. The Hanyang men's volleyball team and their coach Yang Jin-woong (Department of Physical Education) are practicing on court for the upcoming tournaments during the first week of 2020. Over the holiday, some foreign students also decided to stay on campus. They were eager to spend a valuable holiday, attending Hanyang International Winter School or enjoying various activities in Korea. Okita Satsuki (Division of Tourism, 3rd year) was one of the students on campus on the first week of the new year. “Although I do miss spending the new year in my home country Japan, I wanted to have a meaningful winter break, so I stayed at Hanyang and joined volunteer activities,” said Okita. “In 2020, I wish to work hard on my linguistic skills. My goal is to pass the TOPIK (Test of Proficiency in Korean) L6 as well as the HSK (Hanyu Shuiping Kaoshi) L4.” International students also kept busy during the first week of 2020. Okita Satsuki (Division of Tourism, 3rd year) stayed on Hanyang campus to participate in volunteer activities. Even with less students, the campus needs many hands to be maintained clean and safe. Kim Sang-yun, one of the eight traffic attendants of Hanyang, was on duty during the first week of new year. "Working during the holiday season made me realize how hard-working the students of nowadays are. It was very good to see Hanyang students come to study with such bright eyes. I receive a lot of positive energy from them." Kim said his new year's wish is for his second child to go to the university they hoped for. "As for myself, I just want to become a better person with each passing year," he smiled. Many busy hands are keeping the campus safe and clean while the students are away. Kim Sang-yun, one of Hanyang's traffic attendants who was on duty on the first week of 2020, expressed that his work is very rewarding. The new year has started and Hanyang got off to a lively start. With each of the Hanyangians already eager to make the year 2020 better than the previous one, a brighter 2020 is expected for all of Hanyang's members. Lim Ji-woo Photos by Kim Ju-eun

2020-01 04

[Special]The Danger Within a Cup of Alcohol

The New Year brings more than a shift in time as the Korean health ministry has taken an action to deglamorize drinking. Starting from 2020, the so-called provocative sounds such as 'kyaa' or 'keu', sounds that people make after drinking alcohol, are banned from advertisements promoting the beverage. In November 2019, the ministry stated that the policy is an extension of the country's anti-smoking campaign as it deemed government efforts insufficient in this field. Regardless of the government’s efforts to promote a healthier lifestyle, the number of Koreans who drink at least once a month for a year from 2005 to 2017 increased from 54.6 percent to 62.1 percent, according to a study by the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs. Professor Kang Bo-seung (College of Medicine) warns people of Korea’s drinking culture by arguing that alcohol is poison for 30 percent of Koreans. Kang elaborates on his research in his book The Medical Science Within a Cup of Alcohol, which was published in December of 2019. Professor Kang Bo-seung (College of Medicine) published The Medical Science Within a Cup of Alcohol to inform people of the misconception that small amounts of alcohol can benefit all people. The process of alcohol conversion within the human body After consuming alcohol, the ethanol within the drink is partially oxidized by the liver enzyme (proteins and biological catalysts that help speed up chemical reactions in the body) alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH), which produces acetaldehyde, a type of intermediate metabolite during alcohol metabolism that can be hazardous to our bodies, said Kang. Then, it is changed into a material that is not harmful to our bodies called acetic acid by an enzyme in our bodies called aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH2). Behind this metabolism is the reason why Koreans and people from adjacent countries such as China and Japan have such a hard time drinking alcohol; 30 percent of the population have half or even less than half of the activity of these enzymes. “Of the 30 percent, 3 to 4 percent have one tenth of the normal capacity to break down acetaldehyde, transformed from alcohol, and for 25 to 26 percent, they only retain 40 percent,” said Kang. On the other hand, Kang said that people of other races are more tolerable to alcoholic beverages (exactly acetaldehyde), especially those from Western cultures. The World Health Organization’s (WHO’s) International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) declares acetaldehyde as “carcinogenic to humans” (acetaldehyde included in and generated endogenously from alcoholic beverages is a Group 1 human carcinogen). However, before Kang started to warn people of the possible dangers of Korean's biological compositions, a medical community in Korea was neglecting Kang's discovery. A neurology research team at 15 nationwide university hospitals in Korea claimed that small amounts of alcohol consumption lowers the risk of people having ischemic strokes (brain vessel obstruction type) in 2015. The team’s findings were published in Neurology, a biweekly peer-reviewed prestigious medical journal in the United States, which motivated Kang to send a letter to the journal to point out that the claim was only partially true. Soon, Kang's letter was published by Neurology, and Kang took further action by sending letters to reporters as the neurology research team's publication could endanger the lives of some 30 percent of the population. However, no one replied to Kang’s letters, until December 2015, when he received a letter from a reporter associated with one of Korea’s top news outlets. The Medical Science Within a Cup of Alcohol by Professor Kang Bo-seung (Photo courtesy of Kang) “The reporter wrote an article titled ‘Drinking Small Amounts of Alcohol is Dangerous for 40 percent of Koreans,’ and I never expected that such a sensation would follow its publication,” said Kang. Although this ratio was revised to 30 percent after further research, the article was a turning point for Kang’s mission to spread the dangers of drinking. Soon, Kang started writing the The Medical Science Within a Cup of Alcohol to raise awareness of the possible dangers of drinking alcohol for Koreans, which took three years in the making. Kang offered a simple test to those who wanted to know whether they had a sufficient capacity of enzymes in order to drink without having to worry about their health. “In order to test whether one has a small capacity of enzymes, one can drink 180 cubic centimeters (cc) of beer, a normal glass, and wait for 5 to 10 minutes,” said Kang. “If one’s face turns red after this time, it means that their enzyme power is weak.” Kang added that it is best for those who have a low capacity of enzymes to not drink at all. "20 years have passed since the 21st century. I wish this becomes an opportunity for all of society to wake up," said Kang. "Schools, the health ministry, clinics or hospitals don't emphasize the importance of these findings, so I believe that these organizations should put in more effort to stress the issue. In addition, when we come across a red light, we stop, and in the same manner, when we see a person whose face is all red during drinking sessions, we should be aware that they are being attacked by carcinogens within their bodies." Jung Myung-suk Photos by Lee Hyeon-seon

2019-12 31

[Special]International Politics from the Students’ Point of View

“International politics is too important to be left to the scholars,” quotes Professor Eun Yong-soo (Department of Political Science and International Studies) in the preface of his recently published book, ‘International Politics by the Public.’ In the book, authored by Eun and his 17 students, he suggests the necessity of cultivating diverse ‘narrators’ of international politics, thus resulting in “politics by the public” and not by the scholars. The book was the first step, a collection of 17 theses written and examined entirely from the students’ point of view -- i.e., the public’s point of view. The book is the first case in which undergraduates were the authors of a professional academic book. Eun Yong-soo (Department of Political Science and International Studies) and 17 students from a Foreign Policy Study class published an academic book titled ‘International Politics by the Public.' (Photo courtesy of YES24) The book, ‘International Politics by the Public’ was written and published by students from the 2019 Foreign Policy Study IC-PBL (Industry-Coupled Problem-Based Learning) class. The core purpose of the project, said Eun, was for the students to stand, not as a consumer of knowledge by scholars, but as a subject of narrating and producing knowledge. “Narration of the politics is extremely important, but the interpretation of facts hugely differ depending on who the narrator is. Although the research of formal scholars is important, it is very professionalized; therefore, there is a wide gap between professional knowledge and living knowledge,” said Eun. “It’s time that we need more than the popularization of studies. We need studies by the public.” During the first eight weeks of class, students researched different topics of international politics. For the next seven weeks, they each selected what they deemed the most urgent problem, and analyzed its meaning, cause, and solution. The deduced topics were diverse, discussing international politics of Korea, Asia, and the world, including the foreign policy of the Moon Jae-in government, the multi-lateral security cooperation system of Northeast Asia, and global, environmental pollution. (Front row, middle) Eun and students from the Department of Political Science and International Studies pose for a photo. (front row, from left) The students who authored the book are Hong Tae-ho (3rd year), Jeong Hye-young (1st year), Jo Eun-jeong (1st year), and Kim Ji-won (4th year). As a first-year class, it was a challenge for many of the students to complete a thesis. The two first-year students, Jo Eun-jeong (Department of Political Science and International Studies) and Jeong Hye-young (Department of Political Science and International Studies), said the project almost felt like an unclimbable mountain at the start. “However, getting to author a book is a valuable experience, and we are very proud,” said Jo. Kim Ji-won (Department of Political Science and International Studies, 4th year) explained that it was exciting to be able to apply the theoretical knowledge onto a real-life situation. Another student, Hong Tae-ho (Department of Political Science and International Studies, 3rd year), agreed that it was a valuable opportunity to study deep into the topic he chose. “Also, listening to and discussing the topics presented by other students helped me to contemplate deep into other, more diverse topics of international politics.” Eun said it was a meaningful experience for him too. “I remember every moment I spent making this book with students. There were hardships, of course. It was especially challenging to share the idea that not scholars but the ordinary public such as students can become the producers of knowledge. However, it will be a huge asset for students and a step towards the politics by the public,” said Eun. Lim Ji-woo Photos by Kim Ju-eun

2019-12 29

[Special]Where Cinema Becomes a Field of Study

“Parasite,” directed by Korean auteur Bong Joon-ho, won the Palme d’Or – the top prize at the Canne Film Festival – this year. This feat proved that the Korean film industry has developed into a world-class level with the accumulated efforts of 100 years. Here is a research institute in Hanyang who arranges these century-long achievements. Cinema has long been counted more like art rather than humanities for the past decades. It was not until the early 2000s that cinema studies have been systematically organized as an academic discipline. The Contemporary Cinema Research Institute (COCRI) is the first university-based research organization specializing in such studies. The Contemporary Cinema Research Institute (COCRI) was established in 2005 as the first university-based research organization in cinema studies. (Photo courtesy of COCRI) The institute inherits the academic tradition of Hanyang University's Department of Theater and Film Studies. “Since its foundation in 1960, the Department of Theater and Film Studies has produced significant manpower in the Korean film industry through a multidisciplinary approach,” said Ham Chung-beom, a research professor at the COCRI. “Hanyang’s emphasis on cinema as a liberal art is the soil of our research.” Since 2005, COCRI is digging deeper into the contemporary status of cinema, analyzing in regards to history, aesthetics, criticism, and cultural phenomenon. The institute aims to lead the development of cinema studies in Korea and play its role as the central hub in the field. “Cinema studies were dependent on Western culture in the past,” said Ham. The research professor revealed the objective of research – to unpack contemporary Korean cinema authentically in light of the Korean context. Research Professor Ham Chung-beom highlighted the role of humanities in unpacking contemporary Korean cinema in an authentic way. COCRI issues the quarterly academic journal called Contemporary Cinema Studies. The journal covers cinema studies in a broad sense, involving both domestic and foreign scholars. Contemporary Cinema Studies is currently the most frequently cited academic journal in the discipline. Besides, the institute seeks to expand its scope on the global level. Last year, CineEast was launched towards foreign scholars who are interested in Korean cinema. The institute additionally publishes a series of books on contemporary Korean cinema which concentrates on a certain theme. Moreover, COCRI annually holds colloquia, lectures, and conferences to share the results of research. Recently, a conference was held on December 21st, 2019, under the theme of ‘Cinema and Technoculturalism.’ “We are on the halfway of a government-funded project,” said Ham, who acted as the chairperson of the conference. The organizer sought to present how cinema has expressed power, culture, and art in the medium of film. The conference was notable in that five Ph.D. students participated as the main speakers. “It is expected to be a field of communication between scholars who are immersed in different subjects of study,” said Ham. “It will help future generations of researchers gain experience through debate and criticism on their theme.” The conference was a field of communication between researchers with different cinematic and scholastic backgrounds. Some say that research is to see what everybody else has seen but to think what nobody else has thought. COCRI is pioneering the field of cinema studies with Hanyang’s tradition in humanities. Oh Kyu-jin Photos by Lee Hyeon-seon

2019-12 16

[Special]Wrapping Up 2019

Here comes another year’s end. Wrapping up 2019, different thoughts come to students of different year levels. For some, it is time to step up as a senior and welcome new freshman. For many, it is merely a repeating cycle of another school year. Yet for others, it is time to leave Hanyang and step into society. So how are students of each year feeling now, at the end of 2019? Ham Chae-won (Department of German Language and Literature, 1st year) Ham Chae-won (Department of German Language and Literature, 1st year) said her 2019 was full of surprises. “Everything was new! New friends, new studies, and new school.” Ham said she thinks she did pretty well on her initial resolution to spend her first year fruitfully. “I’ve travelled a lot, drank a lot, and did many things that were possible because I was a freshman.” So many plans await her in the upcoming year. “I plan to study foreign languages, practice driving, go travelling, and make regular donations,” Ham smiled, hoping her future three years in Hanyang to be brighter and happier. Lee Myeoung-eun (Department of Chemical Engineering, 2nd year) For Lee Myeoung-eun (Department of Chemical Engineering, 2nd year), 2019 was very different from her freshman year. “Last year, everything was new and exciting. In the second year, however, there were exams after exams that I felt like I did not have enough time for myself,” said Lee. Reflecting on this thought, she thinks it is a good idea to take a rest during the holiday, as laborious studying is inevitable during semesters. Next year, she looks forward to taking a semester off and doing the things she has always wanted to do, such as participating in a volunteer service club and exercising. Hong Ji-young (Department of Applied Art Education, 3rd year) Hong Ji-young (Department of Applied Art Education, 3rd year) described her third year as the most difficult but fruitful year so far. “I wanted to challenge many different things in my third year: joining a volunteer service club, doing extra curriculum activities, and ticking out the travel bucket list. It was exhausting, but it will be a very memorable year,” said Hong. For the future third graders, she emphasized the importance of keeping in health. “If I had a chance, I’d want to tell myself before 2019, as well as the third years of 2020, that the outcomes will be good sometimes and bad sometimes, so do not get overly agitated by those. You are progressing anyhow.” Her 2020 will be filled with yet another set of challenges as she hopes to learn video editing and 3D design for her portfolio. Hong’s plan is to apply for an internship next year. Park Seo-hee (Department of Policy Studies, 4th year) The 4th year of Park Seo-hee (Department of Policy Studies, 4th year) has been busy with various activities, such as Youth Change Makers, Zero waste project, Sustainable Development Goals, and the counselling club. At the end of the school years, Park said she feels an unavoidable pressure and a slight depression. “I’m turning 25 now, and people have started asking if I've graduated or gotten a job. It’s hard to not feel the pressure.” Park said she hopes the new fourth graders do not think they’re alone in suffering. “It may seem like everyone else is so far ahead and better. However, each has their individual stress and problem that you do not know of, so don’t compare yourself with others. Quitting SNS and exercising is a good remedy.” In 2020, Park is preparing for employment at an international organization. Standing at the end of 2019, each of us pauses to reflect on the past year. What have I achieved? Am I a better person now than a year before? What will I be doing next year? As students, life full of uneasy questions and no tangible answers could be frustrating. Nevertheless, that is also what defines youth and endless possibilities. To everyone who has come through 2019, great job and fighting! Lim Ji-woo Photos by Kim Ju-eun, Jeong Yeon, Lim Ji-woo Design by Lim Ji-woo

2019-12 12

[Special]An Introduction to Settling in Korea

Korea’s ever-increasing presence in the world is luring foreigners into the country thanks to the country’s strong economy and trendy pop-culture. As one of the four Asian Tigers (Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea and Taiwan), Korea has proven successful in many industries including electronics, automobile, beauty and entertainment. Hallyu, or the Korean wave, has dominated the world, from music to movies, such as the latest fad in the music industry, K-pop's mega-star BTS, and the black comedy blockbuster, Parasite (2019) directed by Bong Joon-ho. More than two million foreigners are living in the country, some 200,000 having naturalized as Korean citizens, and around 3,000 foreign students study at Hanyang University today. Due to this trend, more foreigners are interested in settling in Korea. Some of the most sought-after methods of settling in Korea include obtaining a work visa, marriage visa, permanent residency status, or through naturalization. Korea's K-pop mega-star BTS, the black comedy blockbuster, Parasite (2019), and leading industries in semiconductors and shipbuilding are pushing the country into the spotlight. (Photo courtesy of KOREA NOW) One of the most popular and easiest ways to stay and work in Korea is by getting a work visa, which can be obtained by people who have a legitimate employer who can vouch for their employees. For those who are planning on teaching English and come from an English-speaking country, the E1 and E2 work visas allow native English speakers to teach at schools and universities. Applicants must have at least a bachelor’s degree and a valid passport from a specified number of countries. While E2 visa holders can work for public schools, private schools, and language institutes, E1 visa holders can work in Korean universities. On the other hand, foreigners who are employed short term are issued C4 visas, whereas those sent by foreign companies to companies' Korean branches are issued D7 visas (intra-company transferee). E5 visas are issued to foreigners whose expertise lie in accounting, law, medicine, or other professional fields approved by Korean law. Finally, E9 work visas are issued to those with non-professional employment. Another way to live in Korea is through marriage. Foreigners who marry a Korean citizen can apply for marriage visas (F6) or, with the right qualifications, can obtain permanent residency status (F5). Acquiring a marriage visa or permanent residency status have similar benefits, such as being able to live in the country for as long as one likes and receiving health care. The registration process for legalizing one’s marriage may be cumbersome as documents must be submitted in both languages of the spouses, which needs to be translated by certified translators. Then, with approval by Korea’s Ministry of Justice, the marriage is legitimized. However, marriages can break apart, which makes it difficult for a foreign spouse to reside in a country if they are unable to obtain an alternative status after their divorce. On the other hand, permanent residency is maintained regardless of the state of one’s marriage and brings additional rights such as voting at local elections, after one has maintained their status for a certain period. In order to obtain permanent residency status, one must be over 18 years old, an adult recognized by Korean Law, have lived within the country two years or over, and receive a passing score for either the Test of Proficiency in Korean (TOPIK) fourth level or the Korea Immigration and Integration Program (KIIP). The Ministry of Justice's Soci-Net where foreigners can apply for the Korea Immigration and Integration Program is displayed above. (Photo courtesy of Socinet Immigration & Social Integration Network) click to learn more about the Korea Immigration and Integration Program For those who want to take the final step and become a Korean citizen, they can do this through general or special naturalization. Naturalization requirements are similar to permanent residency; general naturalization requires a subject to have lived in Korea for at least five years, and applying for citizenship through this method may take up to two years, whereas special naturalization decreases the residence period to two years and can take three to four months until one can naturalize after submitting their application. The naturalization process consists of three steps. First, related documents need to be submitted to the Ministry of Justice including the subject’s state of affairs, criminal records, qualification papers, and a letter of recommendation. Then, subjects are interviewed to evaluate whether they are suitable candidates for obtaining Korean citizenship, and in the case of foreigners naturalizing under special conditions such as people with outstanding academic talent or investors who have invested a large sum of money in Korean industries, they are tested during this session on Korean language, history, and culture. Subjects who do not pass their interview session are given one more chance. When a subject successfully passes all of their evaluations, they participate in their oath ceremony with fellow naturalized citizens, finally recognized as a Korean citizen from this day on. Korea continues to surprise the world with its economic development and rise in status as a political power. In line with this phenomenon, Korea is taking the next step by moving forward to create foreigner-friendly policies that embrace and protects the rights of those who come to live within its borders. No longer will Korea be just a hub for business and culture, but a safe haven for those who wish to contribute to and live in such a country. click to read about Hanyang Professors sharing their own experience on settling in Korea Jung Myung-suk

2019-12 12

[Special]Hanyang University Official Promotional Video_English Short Ver.

At Hanyang University, you learn about a world that's constantly evolving so that you can lead the evolution of the world yourself. Hanyang fosters talented individuals that the world needs to create a better future. Hanyang University.