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2018-06 26

[Special][Card News] [Excellent R&D] Organic-Inorganic Hybrid Multi Layers

▲ Click to read the English article - [Excellent R&D] Organic-Inorganic Hybrid Multi Layers

2018-06 07

[Special]2018 Spring Festival: Enjoyable Festival Without Alcohol, RACHIOS!

Lions, who really know how to relax and have a good time, gathered together for the annual school festival. There was a lot of confusion this year due to the prohibition on selling alcohol, but the festival was a success. The student council said that under the theme of Rachios: Bisang, they showed their desire to offer different types of entertainment. Let's take a glimpse of the day and night of the Seoul Campus Festival, which were a brilliant variety of events and performances by many singers. ▲ One, wo three~! A picture of a student posing for a 'life photo' at the HY-lion exhibition in front of the main building. ▲ The college student game contest finals held by various universities was held at the Seoul campus. The outdoor theater, full of tension, was crowded with spectators. ▲On the 24th of last month, on the night of the first successful day of the festival, the campus was packed with more people. ▲ During the three days of the festival, there were club performances in Hanmadang. This performer is singing a ballad song in a sweet voice that suited the cool weather. ▲ Students are enjoying the cheerleading performance. ▲ Singer Yunha, who visited Seoul campus, had a good time with the students of Hanyang on the 23rd. ▲ Singer 10cm performced in the final concert on the evening of the 23rd . He was touched and his eyes filled with tears by the audience's group singing.

2018-05 09

[Special][Saranghandae] A Big Step to Promote Global Communication

Just a few years ago, the translations for the official Hanyang website were in a state of catastrophe. There was no consistency in the terminology used, and there was an overall insufficiency of contents available in foreign languages. This frail structure soon became a bigger problem as the university gradually increased its engagement in international programs, such as exchange student programs, foreign internships, and language institutes. So what changed all of this? The answer is the Global Communication Committee (GCC). First initiated to address the inconsistencies in the various English titles within the university organization, GCC has extended its role to facilitate Hanyang University’s expansion of activities on a global platform. Providing a wide array of linguistic assistance in English and Chinese, it is now considered an integral tool on Hanyang’s path to becoming a truly global institution. ▲ (from the right) professor Ben Park, Jessica Warren, student assistant Park Hye-jung, Kwon Hee-jung, Nam Hyo-jin Introducing the Global Communication Committee Established in March of 2016, GCC consists of two departments that respectively handle content in English and Chinese. The English department consists of two professors and three graduate student assistants while the Chinese department is made up of one professor with two student assistants. There is also a supervisor and a chairperson who oversee the entire project. Situated on the fourth floor of the new Administration Building, GCC engages in four main activities: 1. Translating promotional content created by the Media Strategy Center, 2. Translating and managing English/Chinese content on the official website of Hanyang University, 3. Translating and consenting of key public documents generated from other departments, 4. Serving in a committee that establishes the official names and titles that exist within Hanyang University. Delving a little deeper into what GCC does, one of their major tasks is translating news articles written by student reporters. In an effort to share recent and noteworthy news with the foreign faculty and students, GCC took special attention in making these articles available in other languages. Regarding the process of translations, much of the writings are done by the student assistants, who then send their work to the professors who work for GCC for review and editing. In addition to news articles, GCC provides English versions of various notifications and updates from the university, which foreign students had trouble comprehending in the past. Other specific tasks include revising the English versions of congratulatory remarks given in major school events such as the bi-annual Paiknam Prize ceremony, and the university’s entrance/graduation ceremonies. The last role of GCC that cannot be stressed enough is the designation of official names for school departments and various titles. In the past, when these titles were translated freely by individuals, there was major confusion among foreign students and professors when discussing certain departments or facilities. Furthermore, the lack of an official, organizational title itself was a major breach in the university’s global competency. At the end of 2017, GCC had provided official titles for all departments, facilities, and faculty positions for Hanyang University. Furthermore, throughout the year, GCC had serviced 67 requests for translation from other departments, published 7 different printed forms of magazines, brochures, and catalogues, and uploaded 285 English news articles as well as 135 in Chinese. "Providing a wide array of linguistic assistance in English and Chinese, it is now considered an integral tool on Hanyang’s path to becoming a truly global institution." The engines behind the committee Ben Park and Jessica Warren are the two professors in charge of the final editing of the various English documents that pass through GCC. Whether it is a letter to be sent to a partner university, or a compilation of a new faculty manual, it is only after Ben and Jessica give consent that they become the official work of Hanyang University. “It’s a very important job. I had often heard from my colleagues that the English translation of the website was, quite frankly, embarrassing. I feel proud of how much progress we’ve made,” commented Ben. The two professors also work for the Center for Creative Convergence Education, where they teach classes such as Professional Academic English and Presentation and Writing Skills in English. It has not been long since Ben and Jessica began working for GCC. Ben began working for GCC in the fall semester of 2017 and Jessica since March of 2018. Prior to their position with GCC, Jessica had worked extensively in the field of English editing. For her, the biggest change in her work as a member of GCC is that the result of her revisions is now much more influential in scope and depth. As she was used to instructing students on a one-on-one basis, her editing tasks for GCC involve the production of something that so many people will see and be affected by was eye awakening. “My proudest moment while working for GCC was taking part in the translation of the new attendance program and its manual,” mentioned Jessica. She explained that her participation felt like a direct and practical effort in helping her English speaking colleagues.Ben has also had extensive experience in editing from his years as an ESL teacher in the United States. As such, he places quite an emphasis on the grammatical soundness of the papers he receives. “I try as much as I can to keep to the original structure intended by the writer,” answered Ben. For him, the hardest part of the job was editing translations that still had a Korean fixture. “Direct translations are usually very dense and awkward. It takes strict mental work to figure them out.” On the other hand, Jessica confessed that she finds these pieces entertaining, in a way that is similar to a puzzle. Either way, it was clear that both professors held great pride and interest in their role with GCC. They also agreed that they were surprised at how many programs and systems the university has in place for its students, and that the thought of making these opportunities more accessible to Executive Vice President Lee Sung-chull ▲ Executive Vice President , Lee Sung-chull Executive Vice President Lee Sung-chull is the founder and current chairperson of GCC. Also having served as the first Dean of the Division of International Studies, he has dedicated his time at Hanyang University by nurturing its global capacity. According to Dr. Lee, the main motivation for the establishment of GCC was the lack of a systematic management in its English affairs, despite the significant scale of our university. “Not only were all of the names of our buildings different, but professors and students could only check school notifications in Korean, and various English publications in the university were coordinated at the individual department level.” He also added that it imposed embarrassing complications when corresponding with foreign institutions. Executive Vice President, Dr. Lee expressed his satisfaction about the progress that GCC has made so far. “Every department, building, and infrastructure now has an official name, and we have sorted out the complicated number of titles for the professors.” Furthermore, he was very content with how the university website has turned out. He felt that what had consisted of rigid, direct translations is now very smooth and natural. Moreover, he felt that the visual design and concept of the improved website went beyond the domain of words, creating a welcoming platform for everyone. Meanwhile, he desires to make GCC more widely known. Though he was happy to hear that there was a steady growth in the requests for translation from other departments, he sought to position GCC in a more integral role at Hanyang University. “We are currently catering to English and Chinese, the two most commonly used languages on our campus. But as Hanyang University grows more global, there will be further expansion of languages as well as faculties to meet this new demand.” Emphasizing the ‘Communication’ in the name, Global Communication Committee, Executive Vice President, Dr. Lee has expressed hope that the committee will not just facilitate communication with foreign institutions, but amongst ourselves as members of Hanyang. With such dedication and support from all levels of GCC, Dr. Lee’ s aspirations do not seem very far-fetched. By Lee Chang-hyun (Student Reporter)

2018-04 09

[Special]Fine Dust Threatening Korean People’s Health

On some days, you must have experienced logging into your social media account to find the endless pictures of blue skies posted by your friends. A day with a blue sky in South Korea has become something to celebrate, take pictures of, and be happy about. This was not the case several years ago. What happened to Korea? A photoshoot of Jamsil, Seoul covered with fine dust on January 4th. (Photo courtesy of Weekly Donga) What is fine dust? Fine dust consists of fine particulate matter (PM). There are two levels of measurement: fine PM is smaller than 10 µm in diameter (PM10), and ultrafine PM is smaller than 2.5 µm in diameter (PM2.5). For understanding, a PM 2.5 particle is thirty times thinner than a human hair. Because the particles are so minute, they are absolutely invisible to bare eyes and can permeate our skin, causing various health problems. Korea is using a six-grade forecast system for fine dust and ultrafine particle concentration: good, normal, poor, bad, very bad, and dangerous. From the poor level (81~150µm/m3per day), vulnerable sections of the population such as the elderly, young, and people with respiratory or cardiovascular disease are advised to refrain from outdoor activities and stay indoors. Fine dust officially became a problem in 2013. Before then, the concentration level of fine dust was not high enough for people to pay attention to. Ever since the official forecast began in February 2014, public awareness about and efforts to reveal the sources and regulate them have been increasing. Fine dust concentration level (Photo courtesy of Seoul Solution) How problematic is it? The effects of fine dust range from a mild sore throat to increased chance of cerebrovascular (related to brain and blood vessels) diseases. According to the Korean Medical Association, the environmental catastrophe can cause respiratory problems such as bronchial or asthmatic diseases, and also expose people to conjunctivitis, namely itchy eyes and skin rashes. This particular symptom is serious due to the infinitesimal size of the dust particles. As it is too microscopic, it can easily pass through our natural filter in the nose and throat, permeate as deep as into the alveolus, the micro-organs in the lungs where gases can pass in or out of the blood. To make matters worse, studies have shown that fine dust can also cause mental diseases such as depression and dementia. Because people are exposed to less sunlight every day and cannot go outside as much as desired, on top of constant worries about the pollution and their health, air quality largely influences people’s daily lives. Namely, the Korean Baseball Organization postponed games scheduled on April 6thin Seoul, Suwon, and Incheon due to the government warning of the fine dust danger level. This had never happened in Korean baseball history before. Same place, different fine dust level. It is getting harder and harder to see a clear sky in Seoul. (Photo courtesy of YTN) Reasons still not clear What is the source of all the dust? Unfortunately, there is no clear answer to the question. The Ministry of Environment has announced that 30 percent to 60 percent of the fine dust floating in Korea's atmosphere is from China. On top of this official statement, Chinese government’s plan to move some of its factories to nearby cities such as Tianjin further provoked Korean citizens’ anger towards the Chinese government. Observation of the air components in Seoul during the Chinese New Year supported the claim that China is a major contributing factor of air pollution, as chemical substances used in massive fireworks were detected. However, there are abundant research that counters such a claim. Many research operations assert that although we cannot deny the influence of Chinese factories for the current phenomenon, domestic ones also contribute to the pollution. Some even suggest that secondary particles generated in the atmosphere as a result of chemical synthesis make up most of the pollutants. Discerning sources and asking for compensation is extremely difficult in the case of solving the air quality dilemma, as chemicals emitted into the air from domestic factories highly resemble those produced in China, and the flow of air and air pressure also play a big role in determining the air quality for the day. The Seoul metropolitan government has been trying to reduce fine dust particles emitted domestically through automobile and construction site regulations, but it has not seemed to alleviate the situation. Careful scrutiny by research institutes along with the government into the sources and possible solutions is an urgent need for people. Kim So-yun

2018-03 20

[Special][Click&Zoom-in] Time Flows Specially in the Hanyang Museum

"Why am I pleased suddenly, as I say what is done cannot be undone? As it is, it has its own meaning. Old memories are beautiful as the world says." These are part of the lyrics of "Past," sung by Yoo Jae-ha on his first album Because I Love You. If the past that passed away is powerful, it means its value continues to the present. Leaving a single album, singer Yoo Jae-ha passed away at the age of 26. An exhibition titled "With you forever, Yoo Jae-ha" memorializes the late Yoo Jae-ha (Department of Composition, '81) as a genius composer on his 30th anniversary of this death, and is being held at the Hanyang University Museum. Written by: Choi Mi-rae(student reporter) / Photo by. Ahn Hong-bum ▲ Landscape of the Hanyang University Museum Time traveling on campus When entering the lobby in the Hanyang University Museum, a calm atmosphere that washes off heat from the campus covers the eyes and ears. On the right side of the lobby, you can see an exhibition for Yoo Jae-ha which opened first in early November last year. The exhibition is largely divided into Yoo Jae-ha's life and the music heritage he left behind. Hwang Na-young, an academic researcher in the museum administrative team, said, "While an exhibition is being shown, music should be heard. I was concerned about how the audience could listen to a lot of music in the exhibition space." She also said, "We also focused on how we could show the vitality of Yoo Jae-ha's music which is so beloved, although he left only one album." In collaboration with this exhibition, "Eco of Sounds," "A Tree Grown by Sounds," and "Gae-bae-jam," Hanyang University music clubs, held busking performances with his songs and showed his musicality with was beyond the times. When Yoo Jae-ha's songs resonated within the voices of the young performers, the campus held the fragrance of the 1980s for a brief moment. In this way, the museum has provided various opportunities to allow visitors a glimpse of the past. The museum, which opened with research and excavation in 1979, will celebrate the 40th anniversary of its opening in 2019. In the five-story building, the first floor is of research in the liberal arts, and the second floor has a seminar room. Visitors can visit special exhibitions on the 3rd floor, and permanent exhibits on the 4th and 5th floors. The special exhibition is held twice a year, normally with a relatively large one in the first half and a small one in the second half. Besides these exhibitions, graduation showcases of students are sometimes held. This Yoo Jae-ha exhibition is a small theme exhibition, highlighting a famous Hanyangian. Theme exhibitions that feature people was on the third floor and it exhibited famous figures including Park Mok-wol, a poet who has served as a professor of Hanyang until now, and Dr. Lee Man-young who produced the first computer in Korea ▲ The third installment of Hanyang's people, an exhibition "With you forever, Yoo Jae-ha" memorializes the late Yoo Jae-ha (Department of Composition, '81) for his 30th anniversary, highlighting his life and works. You can see the guitar and piano he used and the LPs he collected. A section was prepared where you can listen to pop songs and other songs sung by him for his brother. ▲ On the 4th floor of the museum, there is a traditional art room. You can appreciate beautiful Korean pottery from Goryeo Celadon to Buncheong Ceramics and White Porcelain. Preparation for the future of the old ones At the museum, we are making efforts to improve the facilities for safe storage of relic monuments and the convenience of visitors. In the first half of 2017, the constant temperature and humidity controller of the storage room was replaced. Hanyang University Museum is recognized as an excellent institution among university museums. On the 2nd floor, the seminar room, which is a departure point for campus tours targeting high school students, was transformed with the sponsorship of a graduate named Gang Sung-Hui (Department of History, '75). The old outer wall, the museum cafe, and the benches are scheduled to be completely repaired in January. The lighting and showcases of the exhibition spaces are also scheduled to be improved according to recent trends. The permanent exhibition spaces on the 4th and 5th floors will be transformed considerably, aligning with the 80th anniversary of the opening in 2019. At the museum, we do various things besides the obvious exhibition preparation. Excavation of remains such as from Hanam I-sung Mountain Fortress, Hwaseong Dang Castle, and Seoul Amsa-dong are also important. It is also not easy to manage the excavated relics. Since all the artifacts uncovered from the earth are owned by the state, the artifacts stored under the consignment from the National Central Museum and Cultural Heritage Administration undergo periodic inspections every year. A project which is has recently begun is a collection database conversion project which is support by national funding. It is necessary to check the artifacts and update the data of all the collections are 30,000 in total. ▲ The new seminar room in Hanyang Museum A treasure trove worth sharing with others The museum is an institution in the school, but there are also more external visitors than we might realize. There are also educational programs such as a variety of special theme exhibitions and campus tours and career experience programs held in cooperation with the Seongdong Gwangjin Office of Education. In 2018, cultural courses for adults are being prepared. About eight courses will be prepared for each semester. Registered students can also apply for them. Besides these activities, since 2017, we have operated an internship program for students in collaboration with various departments. Through this program, students can learn about museum management and experience exhibition planning directly. Hwang Na-young, an academic researcher, said, "It is a pity that some students miss the opportunities offered by the museum," and "The Hanyang museum is in a good position, which is cool in the summer, warm in the winter, and has a rest area on the 4th floor. I'd like you to come and visit here to use it in comfort." The Hanyang University Museum plays a role as a cultural institution of the local community and plans to show a variety of programs in the future. ▲ Museum Family: from left, Cho Nam-cheol, museum director; Choi Hyo-young·Park Hee-ju·Hwang Na-young·Jang Myung-sun, academic researchers. Hanyang University E-Magazine/ Jan-Feb, 2018 (only in Korean)

2018-03 01

[Special][Saranghandae] Hanyang University: A National Hub

Business. Theater and film. Electronics and computer engineering. Each with different majors, motives, and even nationality, one thing that ties an otherwise random group of students together is their identity as a Hanyang University student. Attending to a growing influx of students from all around the world, HYU shares the stories of three foreign students who are looking forward to and looking back on, their days in HYU. In an era of collapsing international borders, Hanyang University is serving as a major port for students looking to set foot in Korea. Korea, a country that has achieved economic development of unprecedented scale and speed, served as a benchmark case for many countries and economists. With leading manufacturers and experts in various fields such as telecommunication, semiconductors, and medicine, Korea also serves as a crucial hub for research and business. In recent years, the growth of Korean pop culture referred to as Hallyu, also known as the Korean wave, became another factor of attraction for foreigners. Among this crowd, a growing number of international students are turning to Korea as their destination for education and adventure. In turn, the role that HYU plays in catering to various academic interests and career pursuits of international students has gradually developed over the years. All Abroad Kim Yekaterina(Electronics and Computer Engineering 17) and Gustavo Kawashita(Theater and Film 17) have received their acceptance letters not much long ago. Excitement and laughter were shared as they traded stories of their initial experience in HYU. The first thing they related to was their reason for coming to Korea; extensive education. Yekaterina was from Kazakhstan, where she had already finished her bachelor program in telecommunications. The sole purpose of her decision to come to Korea was to continue her education, and Korea happened to be one of the most prominent countries in the field of telecommunications. For Gustavo, who is from Brazil, the purpose of his venture was to learn the ins and outs of Korean production. First captured by Korean culture through K-pop, Gustavo recalled that his first Korean film, Old Boy, left him mesmerized. “I felt that Korean productions had their own color, different from Japanese, American, or Brazilian productions”. As a student already deeply involved in photography, filming, and editing, he felt a strong desire to study and understand how Korean films and soap operas were created. Although their areas of interest had not much in common, Yekaterina and Gustavo both shared an urge to learn from Korea in their respective fields. They both added that Korea also offered more scholarship opportunities than most countries. Another common trait was how they decided on HYU as their destination. Having no prior knowledge of Korean universities, Yekaterina and Gustavo referred to a list of Korean university ranking. HYU had a reputable program in their respective fields, which led them to their decisions. In addition, the two students shared great empathy in their experiences learning the Korean language. Having studied in the Hanyang Institute of International Education both students recalled how difficult it was to learn Korean in the beginning. “Looking back, the language institute helped me learn Korean very efficiently within the time that I was given. However, it was often stressful at the time, as they pushed us to study a lot” Gustavo answered. Yekaterina replied that she can now verbally express 60 to 70 percent of her thoughts in Korean, and expects that it will take about two more years for her to communicate her emotions to full extent. Both students pointed out that finding the right words to express their exact feelings was the hardest barrier at the moment. Despite their similarities, the Hanyang experience that Yekaterina and Gustavo are living is quite different from one another. For one, Yekaterina is in a graduate program, where extensive research and studying is required from her. She explained that the form of education in Korea is very different from that of Kazakhstan or the United States. “The Korean way of education is stressful but very efficient. I am learning more intensively compared to my undergraduate years”. Meanwhile, Gustavo is in an undergraduate program, getting used to life as a university student in Korea in the same manner as his peers. He expressed happiness as he talked of his experiences making new friends and attending department events. The change in the perception of Korea and Koreans were also quite different. Regarding stereotypes and misconceptions, Gustavo answered that he did not have much understanding or bias about Koreans before his visit. However, he soon began observing and understanding how Koreans lived and interacted. He pointed out the language institute as having played a great role in his understanding of Korean culture, as it was his initial place of education and interaction. Although there were many similarities between Koreans and Brazilians, such as being energetic, passionate, and that Gustavo noticed was the social form of respect. Though both cultures cherish the value of respect, he pointed out that there was a stricter form of hierarchy in Korea. He confessed that he was initially very cautious about talking to professors or seniors in his department. However, he is now grateful, as it was an experience that made him more open and respectful of other cultures. Yekaterina explained that there is a stereotype in Kazakhstan that Koreans do not get angry. There is a perception that Korean people are generally kind and gentle. She laughed as she added that no one completely believes it. “It obviously couldn’t be true. How could humans not get angry?”. Also, she mentioned that there is a wide belief that Koreans are quick to hide their emotions. After spending a year at HYU, Yekaterina realized that although most of the stereotypes were not true, she understood how they came to be. “Koreans are very strict about their attitude in the public and personal environment. People are very professional and strict in their workplace, but become much more expressive and friendly after work”. She jokingly added that it becomes even more so when people get together to drink after work, a gathering quite common in Korea. Kim Yekaterina Gustavo Kawashita Li Yu(李宇) "More often than not, you will discover that Korean students were eager to help you out." Bon voyage Li Yu(Business Administration 14) is a student from China, who entered Hanyang University with a dream to establish a business that connects Korea and China. Graduating this year, he plans to continue his study in HYU, pursuing a master’s degree in the Department of Strategic Management. Recalling the moment of his decision to come to Korea and Hanyang University, he began by explaining his heritage. Referred to as the Chosun race, Yu belongs to a nationality that shares its roots in both Korea and China. Therefore, the two cultures were naturally quite familiar to him, providing him with an insight in planning a business venture between the two countries. Yu’s decision to enter Hanyang University was deeply influenced by his cousin, who was himself a graduate of the Business Administrations department. He advised Yu that the Hanyang business courses revolved around the principle of entrepreneurship, supporting start-up ventures and business establishments. Recognizing a critical relation to his future goals, Yu applied to the department of Business Administrations Looking back on his years as an undergraduate, Yu expressed satisfaction and happiness. “There are hardly any negative memories that I can recall”. He confessed that it was difficult to make friends at first, as he did not share the same life experiences with his peers. “I grew up in a different environment, and it was hard to find a common trait”. However, he was approached by many friends who were interested and curious about Chinese culture. Furthermore, he was part of a start-up club in the Business Administration department, where Chinese and Korean students with similar ideas could be paired into start-up groups. There he made many friends with similar interests and hobbies. Yu also had a part-time job in the Office of International Affairs until his graduation, where he developed a sense of solidarity with the school staff. In addition, he was given a number of opportunities to travel in Korea, supported through scholarships and various programs. “I think I spent more money on travels in China than in Korea”. As a word of advice for fellow international students entering HYU, Yu emphasized the importance of approaching with a smile. “From my experience, Korean students are just as willing to become friends as we are. Most of the time, both parties just find it too awkward to talk to each other. Whether it’s getting help with something or befriending someone, just find the courage to approach with a smile. More often than not, you will discover that Korean students were eager to help you out”. By. Lee Chang-hyun(student reporter)

2018-02 12

[Special]Changing Events for Freshmen

The freshmen of 2018 only have a few weeks left until they begin a brand new chapter in their university life. Before becoming an actual university student, various freshman events are usually prepared for a better, more comfortable start. Student council members from all departments thoroughly prepare for the best event, as it is the first encounter between the new students and Hanyang University (HYU). However, various controversies have been arising and have required alteration. Before-semester programs for freshmen Commonly at HYU, there are two events prepared for freshmen. Commonly known as ‘Mi-teo’ and ‘Sae-teo’, freshmen have the chance to meet their seniors and friends. Mi-teo and sae-teo are usually the first event that freshmen face while they are awaiting the start of school. These events are not official but still take up a lot of a freshmen’s school life. They can not only meet their friends and seniors, but they can also receive information that helps them proceed in their school life. However, there is also a dark side to these events. Various divisions accommodate in various places. (Photo courtesy of HYU Division of International Studies) There have been constant issues at this time of year regarding sae-teo. Various incidents related to safety or sexual harassment have happened each year, and quite a lot of people have made opinions on these alterations. Currently in HYU, The student councils from all departments have been making new measures for better safety each year, hoping for improvement through frequent meetings. The Seoul Campus has started their first sae-teo with the College of Business on the 11th. However, a lot of discussion had taken place in order to make this year’s events happen. At the start of this year, the Ministry of Education announced that all 4-year-universities must “proceed the orientation in the school, only for a day without any accommodations.” This announcement was hard-pushed mentioning that each division’s budget can be reduced when proceeding with the sae-teo before March, as freshmen aren’t official students of HYU before then. As a lot of people were sensitive to safety issues, HYU could not ignore the announcement that came down from the Ministry of Education. Different programs have been made to allow freshmen to settle into school. (Photo courtesy of HYU Division of International Studies) A change needed in the long-run The presidents from all departments had extremely frequent meetings within the division and between other departments, as they had already been proceeding with these events. On the official Facebook page of HYU's emergency planning committee, a statement was uploaded explaining the difficulties of having to cancel all events that had been planned. After a number of meetings, the president of HYU allowed the planned events to proceed with a couple of divisions, cancelling or delaying the sae-teo. It is inevitable for the school to take a careful stance since the overall responsibility for student safety is on the school. As many students have to go out of school to accommodate their events in another area, the possibilities for accidents increases. Moreover, as alcohol is included in the midst of these events, even more accidents can occur. The various, so-called, ‘cultures’ of universities are one of the people’s most worrisome problems, such as talent shows and the forcing of one to drink. All divisions and departments of HYU are, therefore, eliminating these talent shows and are making extra education programs regarding alcohol and sexual harassment issues. While they might not be perfect, they are, indeed, trying their best. More consideration is needed for freshmen events. (Photo courtesy of Hanyang University) It is obvious that students should be safe no matter what. Issues regarding budgets and in-school orientations are again a problem that needs to be dealt with in the near future. A radical change is not something that gives the best result. A long-term solution and plan needs to be considered by both the school and the students, as they feel the problems surrounding them. The culture is already gradually changing. It is time to gradually speed up this procedure so that these freshmen events can still remain--with its strength emphasized to its best. On Jung-yun

2018-02 04

[Special]What is More than Meeting the Eye

Lookism is defined as a “discriminatory treatment toward physically unattractive people.” This stereotype is spread throughout all sorts of social settings, and affects an individual in the important parts of their lives as in employment, romantic relationships, and so on. The term “lookism” was coined in the 1970s, and despite that, the word came into being quite recently, the phenomenon had been existent since human interaction. Criticism concerning appearance-oriented preference dates back to ancient and medieval records, from a wide array of scholars and religious figures. However, a new word having been coined to dedicate itself to this issue well describes how much the society has grown to become aware of it in recent times. Korea is a country that has not escaped this phenomenon. In fact, it is one of the most deeply influenced countries with lookism, being a mecca of plastic surgery and a massive consumer of cosmetic goods. Teen lookism As a fair indicator of lookism, sales of beauty products for teenagers have grown substantially in recent years. According to data provided by SK Planet, which operates a major platform for online commerce, the overall sale of beauty products increased by 29 percent in 2017. The growth percentage had recorded 251 percent rise in the previous year. One of the most dramatic rises in sales was in lip products such as lipsticks or liptints targeted towards teenagers, which rose by 549 percent. Cosmetics, as a long held subject of consumption for women, has transcended to men, and now even to young children. A result of a survey conducted by the Korea Citation Index reported that 42.4 percent of elementary school students wear makeup, and 43.4 percent of them began applying makeup in the fifth grade. Children's cosmetic usage has become so prevalent that the South Korean government is under discussion to create a new cosmetic's category to monitor and mandate children's products under stricter standards for their safety. An array of self teaching contents can be accessed on the internet (Photo courtesy of Youtube) This increased focus on beauty products and appearance has diverse contributing factors. For one, the advanced telecommunication technology provides a means of advertisement more pervasive and aggressive than ever, and the increased number of media outlets sheds light on a plethora of celebrities or Youtube stars that teenagers look up to and mimic. Furthermore, e-commerce platforms and numerous blogs and videos regarding makeup tips and recommendations lowers the entry barrier of purchasing and learning to apply makeup. This and the perennial desire of teenagers to appear as adults provides the driving force for the surge in cosmetic sales. Lookism for the 20s According to a market report done by a professional market research firm, Trendmonitor, among Korea, China, and Taiwan, Koreans in their 20s to 30s have expressed the lowest satisfaction towards their appearance. This may suggest that Koreans have a higher standard of beauty, or a somewhat higher level of inferiority. Whatever the reason may be, Korean youth spend countless hours and money on their appearance. Aside from cosmetics, plastic surgery is definitely one of the most common means that Koreans turn to for aesthetic improvement. According to the Economist, although Korea came in 7th place when it comes to the absolute number of plastic surgery done, the number of plastic surgeries in ratio to the population was by far the highest. A curious phenomenon in Korea is “employment plastic surgery,” illustrating the growing group of people going under the knife to increase their chances of getting employed. Another growing field of aesthetic consumption is hair loss treatment for men. Although the issue is not much of a problem for women, it has become a critical problem for young men. The treatment cost for hair loss targeting men in their 20s has risen by 34.2 percent during the past 5 years, surpassing that of men in their 30s and even 40s. In addition to hair treatment, Korean men have maintained the highest rate of individual cosmetic spending since 2014, according to the Wall Street Journal. This suggests that Lookism affects both genders with growing intensity. An iconic image that illustrates the prevalence of plastic surgery in Korea (Photo courtesy of Allkpop) Spending for the older generations A new consumer group dubbed the “young forty” has received focus in 2017 with people in their late 30s to 40s spending more on their looks and interests. In addition to this trend, the idea of “You Only Live Once” (YOLO) has pervaded through to the late generation. Although YOLO, a term and idea that began in the United States, originally referred to the youth who take risks and adventures, the term has taken a slight turn in Korea. It has caught the attention of older people who have taken it as a reminder that the time to enjoy life is limited, and that it is “never too late" to do anything. As a result, the national spending on traveling, sports, entertainment, and of course, looks, have increased profoundly by people in their 40s. Furthermore, plastic surgery, especially those targeting the eyes, has become popular for people in their 40s to 50s. As for people in their 30s, a growing number of people invest in their looks as an outlet of their desire to stand out. As the majority of workers in their 30s live a somewhat uniform life, working in offices in similar outfits, their desire to be noticed as original and unique has led to increased spending on clothes, cosmetics, and plastic surgery. Their financial capacity allows them to indulge in their desires without too much financial pressure. Young forty is a term coined and popularized here in Korea. (Photo courtesy of Mediask) The implications of Lookism One of the things that make lookism so hard to criticize and contain is that it is deeply inherent for us to be drawn to people who possess physically desirable traits. However, in the social realm, this instinctive preference that once may have been related to survival has now become harder to defend. With increased awareness of equality and materialism, there is now a definitive breach of morals when lookism prevails in a certain social interaction. Although romantic relationships are still a large part of personal preference, opportunities of employment and education should never be hindered by lookism. The mandate of “blind recruitment,” the receiving of resumes that do not contain photos, is a recent and a rather very late change that Korea has taken to address this issue. On the other hand, another critical and complicated issue of lookism is the problem of who gets to decide the standard of beauty. So far, conglomerates of cosmetic products and media outlets have massively influenced the public ideal and standards of beauty. But then again, if being plump and healthy had been a standard of physical epitome in medieval times, is it so wrong for the standard to now be skinny and tall? Historically, it has been proven that an appearance-oriented preference has existed with or without conglomerates and businesses. Although the public and society subject lookism under a negative light, it is an issue that has been created by, and can only be solved through individual choices. One small, yet critical step that we could take is to become more aware of the choices we make even if we do indulge in lookism. Regardless of whether we believe that lookism is immoral or natural, thinking about how large of a factor physical appearance plays in our individual social interactions will eventually help us define how we want to address this issue. Lee Changhyun

2018-01 29

[Special][Op-ed] Unified Korean Women's Ice Hockey Team in PyeongChang

The 2018 PyeongChang Olympics is about to raise its curtains in 10 days. Aside from the fact that the Olympics is the quadrennial global festival, PyeongChang is drawing the world's attention because of the IOC's (International Olympic Committee) approval of a unified team of the two Koreas. Although the discussion of unified participation began back in 2011 during the foundation of the PyeongChang Organizing Committee for the 2018 Olympic & Paralympic Winter Games, the decision was made when the deadline for submission was way overdue due to the seemingly hasty decision to share the 22 player roster in women's hockey. South and North Korean ice hockey players are taking a photo after the 2017 IIHF Women's Ice hockey World Championship in April 6th, 2017. (Photo courtesy of Yonhap News) Ice hockey is considered ‘the game’ in winter Olympics. The South Korean National Ice Hockey Team has never made it to the Olympics because they were not qualified. Therefore, 2018 is the first year ever for Korea to play in the big game. The International Ice Hockey Federation and the International Skating Union approved Korea’s entry as part of a special favor for the hosting country. Granting entry for the hosting country was abolished in 2006, while the following Winter Olympics – Toronto and Sochi – were hosted by countries with strong ice hockey teams. Korea ranks 23rd internationally. The issue of the unified team in women’s ice hockey appeared on the table in early January after Kim Jong-un's new year's greeting speech where he expressed his positive opinion in participating in the PyeongChang Olympics. In the high-level talks in the Panmunjom, North Korea’s participation in the game was discussed, leading to related discussions such as the use of the unified flag or how many athletes and cheerleaders should go to the South. In the following vice-minister level conference, both Koreas agreed to march together under the unified flag, and the ‘fear’ of the united team for women’s ice hockey became a real concern for many people. Then, the IOC agreed to ‘the Olympic deal’ on the 21st of January to grant united entry with 22 North Korean athletes, and most symbolically, accepting the South Korean government’s request to enlarge the quota for women’s hockey. The two Koreas will participate in the game with a total of thirty-five players, with twelve of them being North Korean. The coach, Sarah Murray – now the coach for the united team – will be mandated to use three North Korean players in each game according to the Olympic Korean Peninsula Declaration. South Korean president Moon Jae-in and the president of IOC Thomas Bach. Moon is assuring Bach that the Olympic Games would not be threatened by regional conflicts in September 20th, 2017. (Photo courtesy of insidethegames) The legal base for the unified team lies in the Special Act on the Support for the 2018 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Game, article 85, which was established in 2011. Despite the fact that the unified team is not a news, more than 70 percent of the South Koreans seem to disapprove the government’s decision. An Instagram post from the national hockey team player Lee Minji on 20th, January raised sympathetic sentiment among the people, too. She mentioned that “a second in the field is invaluable for every player” and that she cannot understand how “the decision will have a minor impact on the athletes”, criticizing the authority. Thomas Bach, president of IOC spoke “The Olympic Games show us what the world could look like, if we were all guided by the Olympic spirit of respect and understanding,” and I agree to his point that the Olympics should be about the spirit of peace and global unification. Although many Korean people harshly criticize the Moon administration as far as to call '2018 Pyongyang Olympics', it is understandable for the president to take the international spotlight to show the world how the two Koreas are working towards peace. One of the main reasons why South Korean corporates are having a hard time receiving foreign investment is the unstable political situation in the peninsula. Although many Koreans do not foresee the war to break anytime soon, the ten-year long hostility during the Lee and Park administration and Trump sitting in the Whitehouse did not help the situation between the North and South Korea. Now that Moon struggles to thaw the relationship, the Olympics seems like a huge opportunity to alleviate the distrust. 2018 PyeongChang Olympic will be the first Olympic in history for the two Koreas playing as one. Taking the Olympic spirit; "to build a peaceful and better world" into account, peacemaking after the tensions built up due to the missiles late 2017 seems like an adequate timing. Moreover, there are several widespread misunderstanding behind the name 'Pyongyang Olympics'. One is that the South Korean flag will not be raised during the games. The unified flag will fly only after the events where the North and South Koreas have jointly participated. Another misunderstanding that shared code of 'COR' is by the request of North Korea, while in fact, the code comes from French term (IOC's official language aside from English) Corée du Sud and Corée du Nord. The North and South Korea is entering the 2000 Sydney Olympics with a unified flag. The two Koreas marched together in the opening ceramony. (Photo courtesy of Hankyoreh) There are disagreements to the decision from the general public and the politics, pointing out that South Korea and the United States have agreed to postpone the annual joint military drill for North Korea taking part in the Olympic Games. Some papers wrote that this is all part of North Korea's plan to acquire more ballistic missiles and strengthen their military power. We do not know if that allegation is true or not, but North Korea would not have agreed to take part in the games if they had nothing to benefit from. By showing the two government's will to build peace and bring security in the international society, both nations will benefit during and after the games. Kim So-yun

2018-01 28

[Special][Op-ed] Invisible and Silent, Yet Deadly

What are some of the best-selling items these days? Sanitary masks are, indeed, one of the most compelling products. There has been a 380 percent increase in nasal sanitizer product sales, with a 213 percent rise in sanitary mask sales. What is the cause of this phenomenon? The severity of the fine dust in the air seems to be the catalyst of the sales boom. With the emission of toxicant chemicals from automobiles and industrial sites being the main culprit of the fine dust pollution crisis, Korean is going through a major pollution issue and is on its way to address that problem. What’s all the fuss about? Recently, emergency text messages informing citizens that the fine dust level is particularly bad that day are sent directly from the government, not to mention the myriad of people that can be seen wearing sanitary masks outdoors. This means the situation is really getting serious now, unquestionably demanding some counteractions to be taken. Korea has the highest density of fine dust concentration among the member countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), recording 32 micrograms of fine dust per cubic meter, while Iceland is on record for being the least polluted country, showing 2.9 micrograms of fine dust per cubic meter. The size of fine dust is about seven times smaller than the width of an average person’s hair, which can freely and effortlessly enter human bodies through the nasal cavity or through the skin, reaching deep inside and inducing various health issues such as dementia, stroke, dysrhythmia, angiosis, hair loss, nasal inflammation and much more. The biggest problem with the fine dust is that the particles are so small that they are unfilterable, meaning they can get to any part of the body and cause a wide variety of diseases. Fine dust is seven times smaller than a strand of hair. Among the developed nations in the OECD, South Korea has the worst air pollution. (Photo courtesy of It is not the thought that counts, it is the action It is not hard to figure out that there is no quick-fix solution for Korea’s situation now. In response to the deteriorating issue, the Korean Ministry took action: since the harmful emission from automobiles is a great contributor to the overall situation, the government hoped to entice people to take public transportation by making it free of charge for one day. Though it sounds reasonable, this approach received considerable criticism for several reasons. First of all, this solution is only temporary, yet very costly. Moreover, voices were heard that the money should rather have been invested in developing technologies to converting current automobiles into electronic or other non-harmful types or in developing technologies to absorb or cleanse the polluted air. This approach was one of the four emergency actions established by the government, which are to be taken as the situation gets irrevocably worse. The other actions include an odd-even license plate policy (cars with license plates that end in an odd number can only be driven on an odd number date and vice versa), the reduction of factory operation hours, and the closing of parking lots. All these approaches evidently aim to reduce the toxic emissions from automobiles but do not aim to provide an alternative direction to remove the root of the problem. Citizens express great dissatisfaction about the actions the government has taken, voicing that they are only temporarily or partially resolving the trouble. However, to remove the root cause of the whole situation would cost a lot of money and if the government raises the tax rate to do so, people will surely show hostility as well. In an individualistic society, such as the one we live in today, people would care more about their own future than their country’s. In such a case, how can the government afford to meet both the requirements of the people and this monstrous disaster? Being aware that the silent monster is growing more and more powerful everyday, both the government and citizens are nervous. What we need in this situation is not arguments and criticisms but cooperation. The current situation necessitates a multilateral approach since its scale has exceeded the moderate level. More than one solution should be carried out by more than one group of people. An unilateral solution cannot effectively address such problem, meaning the government alone cannot single-handedly resolve the tragedy. There must be a cooperation between the government and the people, at the level of both individuals and corporations. The government should provide the least burdensome and the most effective solution and the citizens should cooperate in order to maximize the effect and to defeat the common enemy. Fine dust overwhelmingly covers the city. (Photo courtesy of DBpia Report for Research) Jeon Chae-yun