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2016-11 14

[Alumni]Aria Brewed with Diligence and Modesty

Luciano Pavarotti, one of the three tenors of a popular operatic singing group, and Jo Su-mi, a Grammy Award-winning South Korean soprano, are the world famous opera singers in history. These two renowned opera singers, including others such as Mirella Freni and Hong Seong-hun are the winners who received first prize in the 67-year-old Viotti Music Competition. Jo Chan-hee (Vocal Music, ‘16), along with these legendary figures of music, won first prize in the Viotti music contest held from October 21th to 29th, in Vercelli, Italy. News H met Jo Chan-hee to hear about his life and his music. ▲ Jo, winner of 67th Viotti music contest. (Photo courtesy of Jo Chan-hee) Q1. Congratulations, could you please introduce yourself to the readers? Also, tell us how you felt about your win. Right now, I feel thankful for everyone who congratulated me on winning the award. The reason for my participation of the contest was to check my ability before going abroad to study vocal music in depth. I still cannot forget the moment when my name was shown as a winner, and I feel a bit embarrassed because I was quite nervous during the contest. I could have given a better performance. Q2. How did you prepare for the contest? I did not actually prepare for the contest like preparing for a test. Rather, I always practice singing about two hours every day. My mother, who is a leader of an opera group, gives music lessons to me. Then I look for the meaning of the lyrics of the songs in Italian, German, French, and Russian. Because arias consist of lines from poems, I write the verses over and over to remember them. Memorization, feeling the beat of the music, and delivery are very important. Therefore, I read these words out loud, think a lot about the pronunciation of vowels and consonants. I also use Youtube as a reference, searching for the songs that I have to practice. Although these activities seem like a great deal, I find them very enjoyable. Q3. Could you introduce us the song you performed in the contest? In order to participate in an international music competition, you have to practice the work that is selected by the host. The song I sang is Don Giovanni by Mozart. The part I performed is an aria by the character Leporello, a servant of the womanizer Don Giovanni, who introduces his master’s various love interests. The lyrics are lewd and also humorous. Q4. Was there anything interesting aspects of the contest, and were there any difficulties while participating in the event? The interesting aspect while joining the competition was that we were asked to record videos of the city of Vercelli, and in the finale contest, the scenery that we recorded was put up as a background while we gave performances, like a film festival. The difficult thing was controlling my condition before the contest, such as adjusting to the weather. Q5. Living as an artist, and especially as an opera singer, is very honorable. However, there must be some difficulties in the life of artists. What do you think are the hardships of living as an opera singer? Seeing my professor Ko Seong-hyeon, and my parents, the life of an opera singer is very honorable. However it is also burdensome in terms of responsibility as well. An opera singer‘s body is a musical instrument in itself. So I consistently need to take care of my body and control myself. That way, I will be able to deliver happiness and sadness altogether to the audience. Q6. How did you start studying vocal music? What is the driving force that pushes you on? I’m a bit different from others because I have two sets of parents instead of one. I spent my youth with my real parents, but their situations did not permit them to educate me further. Because of those reasons, I was adopted by my step parents from my middle school 3rd year. My step parents did not have any children, so they regarded me as a gift from God. They truly cared about me and they were the ones who taught me vocal music. My step grandfather was an honorary professor at a university and changed my introvert personality to be more active, fostering leadership through education. I believe that thanks to them and my grandparents, I could accomplish all the things that I achieved now. I love and thank them with all my heart, and always try hard to repay their love. Q7. What is your dream and what are your future plans? I am going to enroll in the HYU graduate school of the same major next semester. In addition, next year, I am planning to participate in famous music competitions in Korea, such as contests hosted by Joongang and Dong-a newspapers, or by Gwangju and Daegu provinces. I am also going to study abroad someday. I have a lot to learn, and I still believe that I need to try very hard to accomplish my future dreams. If I can endeavor as much as I have done until now, I would say that... I really want to become an opera singer. ▲ Jo dreams of becoming an opera singer in the future. (Photo courtesy of Jo Chan-hee) Jang Soo-hyun luxkari@hanyang.ac.kr

2016-11 07

[Student]Winner of KBS Motion Picture Festival

The award ceremony of the 13th KBS Motion Picture Festival was held on October 21st to announce the winners of full-length and short films. The festival, which involved the preliminary round and the media education workshop, was a long-lasting event that began in May and ended in October. Lee Hyun-woo and Min Jeong-eun (both in the Department of Media and Communications, 2nd year) teamed up to create a short film which won the Grand Prize in the university student sector. Their winning short film was titled Passion Has No Age, and it portrayed the story of aged people stepping over the limits of age within the society. In the scenes, there is an aged man and a woman who each enthusiastically participate in an activity: dancing and playing the guitar. Just like any typical college student, the two elders give a genuine expression of what passion is all about- minus the age. Q1. Congratulations on wining the prize! How do you feel about it? Lee: After we received the prize, I was still confused about whether we really did win it. Now, the joy gets more abundant each time I think back on the award ceremony. Min: Our realistic goal was to just pass the preliminary rounds, but after winning the award, I thought it was a dream for about a week. Through this wonderful experience, I hope to have instill more confidence in producing better projects in the future. Lee (left) and Min (right) won the Grand Award for Short Film, winning one million won as a prize. Q2. Can you tell the readers about the short film, Passion Has No Age? Min: Our current generation of people tend to consider aging as a incompetent process, trying helplessly to avoid it in all possible ways. In contrast to this idea, this short film tries to encourage the notion that aging is not that bad. Like the elders in the film, when you passionately pursue various activities, like art and sports, aging can be charming unlike presumed notions of thought. That is the simple message that we wanted to portray through our 2-minute film. Q3. What was the filmmaking process like? Lee: I saw the poster of the festival on a school bulletin board and instantly, it reminded me of Min because I knew her to be skillful in producing motion pictures. That is how we got together to form a team to participate in the festival. Also, the storyline of the film came to us coincidentally after watching a online video of an aged man dancing on a street. That was the start of our film. Min: The entire process of casting to finalizing the film took us about three weeks in total. Once the casting was completed, we already had a set concept and technique we wanted to use to video the scenes. We had to use a tool that could slide along with a camera like a handcart, and Lee contributed a lot to the editing process. I feel that we worked well together as a team because our strengths covered each other’s weaknesses. Q4. Did you have any difficulties in creating the film? Lee: Casting was the toughest part of the entire process. We wanted to cast an aged man who appeared in the online video Min and I watched, but he rejected our request. So I had to take a long trip to his house to talk to him in person. Searching for his house was a problem, but what’s more was that it was too late by the time I reached the place. I thought of giving up and finding a replacement, but thankfully, Min spent some time calling and persuading him to be in the film. Q5. How were university studies helpful in producing the film? Lee: Because our major is Media and Communication, most of our classes and lectures center around the basic theories of filming and video editing. I didn't know anything about filmmaking when I first entered the school. Now, thanks to the professors, I am able to produce some quality films. Min: In addition to the school classes, we are also involved in the school department’s Motion Picture Society. I am currently the president of the Creation of Motion Picture and Sound Society. The society helps the members to improve the practical sides of filmmaking. We share our thoughts on the techniques of filming and actually produce videos together as a group. Q6. What are some tips for students who are interested in creating a film like you have done? Lee: I have seen some awesome videos that have failed to go past the preliminary rounds of the festival. From that, I learned that good films are not all about the quality of filming itself but about the story that lies within the video. Min: For those who are preparing for a competition, I would recommend them to understand what kind of motion pictures that the competition itself is looking for. Also, it is important to consider how the message of the film is delivered to the viewers. The two students are only sophomores- they have more achievements to make in the future. Q7. Can you tell the readers about your plans in the future? Lee: Right now, I want to focus on improving my skills in filmmaking by participating in the school filming society. I think having more experience in motion pictures will benefit me in the future. I am also thinking about applying for the Reserve Officer’s Training Corps (ROTC) because I need to go to the military. That, too, will be a great experience for me. Min: Like Lee, I will continue to study filmmaking by watching various films made by different people with distinct messages. I also want to take a double major in Theater and Arts to learn professional film and producing. Due to copyright protection, the film cannot be posted on the article. However, the winning film will be screened on November 10 on the KBS1 channel at 3 p.m. Park Min-young minyoungpark118@gmail.com

2016-10 31 Important News

[Student]Future Robot Engineers of HYU

The 2016 International Robot Challenge (IRC) was held at Ilsan Kintex from October 14th to 16th. At the finals, the team 'Free Rider' that was formed of six seniors from the Department of Robot Engineering at Hanyang University, won the President award as first place. 2,300 contestants from 11 countries, including Japan and Singapore, participated in this competition. The group leader, Choi Min-jun, and the other members Cheon Hoi-young and Kim Min-ji, spoke about how they cooperated in the contest to be awarded first place. Setting up a Glorious Foundation IRC is a prestigious contest which has been held for 11 years, hosted by the Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy. It is comprised of three stages, the participant test, the preliminary round, and the finals. The winners were decided according to the number of missions they accomplished, the complexity of the tasks, and the speed of completion. Preparing for the contest requires participating teams to possess high creativity, perseverance and cooperation skills. Choi, Kim, and Cheon are talking about how the team cooperated by allocating the operations into processing images and programming motions. The team Free Rider was named to softly urge Cheon to work harder, because he joined the group one month late due to the exchange student program. However, what the team accomplished is ironically the exact opposite of its name. “Our team consists of the first people to graduate from our new, four-year-old major that is robot engineering. So we had no seniors to ask for guidance. With the help of professors, though, we could solve hardship in the process. That is why we strived to do our best, and we are happy to have achieved the results that match our efforts,” Choi said. “Since this is the last time we would be able to participate in a contest due to us being seniors, we were determined to accomplish fruitful results,” he added. Like a Parent of a Robot In the participant test, practicing how to recognize and find the objects utilizing two methods, using colors and dots to draw graphs, were important. “The performance of the given robot in the contest that was used from the preliminary round onwards was not particularly good. It was difficult to make the robot’s motions.” Therefore, the team first focused on the stability of the robot by programming very slow movements. “In the finals, we tried to solve the problem of slowness by compressing pixels to increase the speed eight times along with the technology to make the robot move several times at once when it sees an obstacle,” Choi explained. When the other teams benchmarked the group’s previous strategy of maintaining stability, Free Rider added speed on top of balance. There were various missions to complete in the contest in limited time, such as crossing a red and green bridge the width of 50 and 20 centimeters, leaping over a 12-centimeter huddle, and kicking balls. (Photo courtesy of Choi Min-jun) According to Kim, the team experienced many failures on the first day of the finals, which was the day to decide who would move on to the last day where winners were chosen. The team practiced until all the lights of the tournament site were turned off. Their tenacity was one of the core reasons why they were deemed first place. “We spent lot of time with our robot. We saw it fall and roll doing the missions. Opening its leg and taking off its lid to change its batteries, I felt like I was a parent looking over my child on a field day and was suddenly overwhelmed by emotions,” recalled Cheon. Research for Robots to Help People Kim and Cheon have been interested in robots since they were in middle and high school. Studying the robots, Kim and Choi thought the field of robot engineering was very enjoyable and truly suited their aptitude. In contrast, Cheon came to believe that the field of robots has depth and difficulty. The three are dreaming of entering graduate schools and becoming robot engineers. “Technology has advanced enough to actualize our ideas into real robots. The field of robot engineering is very attractive in this sense,” Cheon said. Kim is planning to join a lab which researches about robots that aid in disastrous situations. Choi’s objective is to develop wearable robots that can aid people who have difficulty walking. Cheon wants to study biometrics robots, which imitate the motions of animals. Choi, Kim, and Cheon are planning to develop robots that would help people. “The ability to program and produce robots is important. However, creativity also makes a great difference, like when we solved a mission by making the robot roll, not by going around the obstacle,” said Choi. Kim advised that it would help to both take classes and participate in contests. Cheon said that being meticulous would be a great advantage for a robot engineer. Being the first to win in a huge scale contest in their major, Free Rider members would become true forerunners in the field of robot engineering. Jang Soo-hyun luxkari@hanyang.ac.kr Photos by Kim Youn-soo

2016-10 30

[Student]Exploring Busan

As an attempt to promote and publicize the film culture of the city and to communicate with the citizens, Busan has been hosting the Media Contents Contest Exhibit since 2002. Marking the 15th this year, Busan opened another contest with the theme 'Oh My Busan! My One and Only Busan' with hopes of seeing the city in unique and idiosyncratic perspectives of each contestant. Winning the Grand Prize, the collaborative film work by Lee Sang-kyun (Department of Journalism and Broadcasting, HYU ERICA, '14) and Lee Jin-soo (Department of Journalism and Broadcasting, HYU ERICA, 4th year) titled 'The Decisive Moment I’ve sought', received positive comments from the judges. The contest was open from June 10th to September 9th and the awards ceremony was held on October 21th. (https://youtu.be/X1vMC7LB0TI) Killing Two Birds with One Stone With great interest in making films, both Sang-kyun and Jin-soo individually had a hobby of producing video clips, holding several records of winning prizes in other contests in the past. Their interest and hobby sure was of great help and acted as a catalyst toward their prize-winning path. The inspiration for their piece seems fascinating: a poet, Kim Min-joon (Journalism and Broadcasting, ERICA Campus, ’16). The entire film is devoted to a traveling story of the poet, where he gets inspired by every little thing he encounters in Busan during his journey for his poem. Kim and the two Hanyangians’ travels to a lot of unknown yet charming places in Busan, especially inland areas far from the well-known tourist attraction, adds to the video’s outstanding characteristic. It was even hard for them to pick the best or the most memorable place because all of them were marvelous. Their trip to Busan has been truly meaningful and productive. The title 'The Decisive Moment I’ve sought' signifies the value of every moment in life and all the little things that motivate one to do great things. This is how the video was produced all together, as both contestants traveled every inch of the city with Kim, the poet, and instantaneously became inspired by the beauty they captured at each moment. The concluding line of the poem in the video reads: “Every place you run into becomes your inspirational source- this is Busan.” “We were very excited to participate in this contest because it also meant something else. It gave us the reason and opportunity to explore Busan and experience the true beauty of it. It was unfortunate that we couldn’t manage to include every single scene we witnessed in the video, but we are extremely pleased with the result. The process of making this film was surely laborious and exhausting, but at the same time, we really enjoyed ourselves,” remarked Lee. It took them four days to film all the necessary scenes and three days to connect them to produce the whole video. Regarding this year’s success as another stepping-stone, both Lee are planning to set further challenges for themselves and produce more films. Their trip to Busan was a big success in that it was both enjoyable and fruitful: although their main purpose of exploring Busan was to participate in the contest, the journey itself became a trip. They are planning to participate in more video-making contests in the future. More Film-Making in the Future Not everything went as they wished during their trip. The weather was inclemently hot, and the lack of fresh ideas hindered them from progressing. Faults were also discovered while editing. They were even faced by uneasy anxiety as they were not guaranteed to get a tangible result, despite all their effort and investment. However, all these factors turned into a worthwhile effort when they were awarded with the grand prize. “The judges complimented on the deep, inherent meaning, which made our work stand out. There were many other competent works to be considered as winning candidates, but the storyline relating to the poet of our video enticed them to pick ours instead of the others,” explained Lee. As proven by their interest and achievements, their career path is heading toward making more films. Both Sang-kyun and Jin-soo plan to participate in more film-making contests and build their career, taking every chance and opportunity they see. Jin-soo, who is a senior, is specifically looking forward to becoming a professional video producer while being willing to participate in more contests in the future. Jeon Chae-yun chaeyun111@hanyang.ac.kr Photos by Moon Ha-na

2016-10 24

[Alumni]Donation from an Architect

On a typical breezy morning, the News H visited the oldest architectural firm in Korea, Samaseung architectural firm. The walls of the antique office room were filled with old books stacked orderly on the shelves and a brown sofa in the corner illumed signs of old age. The head of the firm, Jang Soon-yong (Department of Architectural Engineering, ’72), greeted the reporters with a gentle smile. Jang unraveled the story of donating 13,252 Korean ancient architecture documents and data to Hanyang University (HYU). His generosity is a gift to enhance the future quality of architectural education. Traditional Architectural Material On October 10th, the HYU President announced that Jang made a large contribution to the Department of Architecture by donating historical resources and material to the school. As the head of Samaseung, founded in 1965, Jang has been involved in numerous architectural projects, and the processes and details of them are recorded in the donated documents. “While I was organizing the office and the storehouse, I noticed thousands of unnoticed documents and blueprints. I considered giving it to a museum, but then there was a chance of them being kept mostly unseen by students and experts,” said Jang. “So, as an architect, I wanted these valuable historical documents to be sought and looked at by people who actually needed them for their studies. Hanyang University was the perfect place.” Jang is the head of Samaseung, an architectural firm. The materials that Jang donated to the school comprise of ancient Korean architectural data that preserve the history of unique buildings and historical sites. The bestowed documents include materials relating to the rebuilding of Suwon Castle and the construction of Andong Dam in the 1970s. “Today, we use computer-based storage system to save documents. Before the 1990s, there was no such system and we had to manually map out the architecture with a pencil,” said Jang. The history of the sources go all the way back to the Japanese colonial era when Jang’s father started to study architecture. Therefore, the value of these materials exceeds numerical worth. One Family, Three Architects As the head of Samaseung architectural firm, Jang is currently continuing the legacy of his father, Jang Ki-in, who established the firm. The influence Jang received from his father was immense, leading him to actively participate in architectural projects for the government. Those projects include the reconstruction and maintenance activities of Gyeongbokgung Palace, Bulguksa Temple, Gwanghwamun Gate, and many more. Jang’s son, Jang Phil-gu, is also involved with architecture as a university professor. Surprisingly, all three of them have graduated from Hanyang University, sharing a common passion in both architecture and alma mater. Jang said, “Having the same identity of being a former student at Hanyang, I am proud of my son for his decision to continue the family legacy.” Continuing what Jang’s father had created was not an easy job. Initially, Jang did not have complete knowledge of Korean traditional buildings. “When I was at university, there wasn’t a course on Korean architecture. I had only learned Western-style architecture,” Jang explained. “After experiencing what it was to work in the field, I began to study more of what was Korean by collecting data from abroad.” Jang realized that studying was the fastest way to success. The historical site maintenance work gave him the opportunity to obtain knowledge on the science of preservation, such as chemical and lumber treatment. “For me, architecture is fun because I learn something new and interesting each time I commit to a project.” Providing Sources for Learning “The reason why I decided to donate the materials relates to my passion for learning architecture,” said Jang. “I want the data to be openly used by students. When those materials were kept in my storeroom, the necessary cataloging was not done. Once the Architecture Department building completes its renovation, I hope the school will provide adequate space and service for easy access to donated materials.” Akin to his valuable contribution to the school, Jang’s warm-heartedness was evident during the interview. His love for architecture is the perfect example of Hanyang’s pride. Jang's legacy in architecture is hoped to be continued for more generations to come. Jang's contribution to the school will enhance architectural education at Hanyang University. Park Min-young minyoungpark118@gmail.com Photos by Moon Ha-na

2016-10 24

[Alumni]Yoyoma’s Kitchen, a music-filled restaurant

Cervantes, the Spanish writer, once said that “Where there’s music, there can be no evil”. Music with positive vibes has strong impacts on people. Do Boo-min (Department of String and Wind Instruments, '82), a cellist and businessman, runs the famous restaurant 'Yoyoma’s Kitchen' in Seocho-dong, Seoul. Although Do is currently more in the field of business than orchestral music, he has successfully combined the two to create a unique restaurant. Opening the Restaurant In Yoyoma’s Kitchen, Do owns a workshop with string musical instruments such as the violin and the cello in the basement. He retained this workshop for 15 years and before that, he used to play for the Korean Symphony Orchestra, one of the most renowned orchestras in Korea, as a cellist. After Do retired from the orchestra, he started wondering about what to do next and went traveling to Hong Kong. While looking around there, he saw some cellos from a shop window and went inside. While talking with the owner of the shop, Do was offered a business partnership. Although he got back and researched musical instrument shops, waiting to be contacted, the anticipated call never came. Do Boo-min, cellist and restaurant owner Do started off small 15 years ago, just opening up an instrument workshop on his own. Because the business did better than expected, he thought of starting up a new workshop along with it. “I thought my business would continue to sell this many instruments until the end,” said Do. However, he was faced with the global economic crisis around the year 2008, and could not keep maintaining his workshop only as it was. “Since there was too much space in the workshop, I thought of starting a café for efficiency.” After having opened up his café and run it for over a year, Do was given the idea to change it into a restaurant. “An interior designer came up to me and commented that it would be great for a restaurant and workshop to be combined in the same space instead of a café, and I agreed to that idea,” said Do. Since Do admired the famous cellist Yoyoma, Do named the new restaurant after him. That is how Yoyoma’s Kitchen came to be. Music and Restaurant After opening up Yoyoma's Kitchen, the restaurant became very famous for its interior, as well as the food it served. Because a restaurant with a music workshop was not a common concept, it worked quite well business-wise. “My place was filled with customers who wanted to enjoy their meals and gaze at the musical instruments around them,” said Do. It is located in Seocho-dong, close to the Seoul Arts Center (SAC), which is a frequented spot for many musicians. “A lot of musicians come to my restaurant to and from their way to the SAC, and others just stop over to look around the place,” explained Do. Do, proud of the interior of Yoyoma's kitchen Yoyoma’s Kitchen has a special distinction from other restaurants, in that small music performances are held there. House concerts, meaning concerts held inside the restaurant, takes place twice a month. Sometimes the profits made through the concerts are used for helping the needy. Performers are mostly professors from universities and musicians who are affiliated with Do from orchestras or through recommendations. Sometimes Do also plays the cello himself as a performer. Do mentioned that the cello has its charm in creating sounds similar in tone to the human voice. “It has the vibration that resonates inside people. The deep sound of it draws me in every time I hear it,” said Do. Do, as a musician, plans to volunteer through his amateur orchestra, and as a businessman, wishes that his restaurant becomes more widely known. Due to the love that he has for music, Do says that his future businesses will also be somehow related to music. Do has practical suggestions for students in the music department. “It is a blessing to be a musician, but often economic circumstances do not allow many to become or stay as one. You must become the best in the field or it would be better to just enjoy music as a hobby, since it is realistically very hard to live as a professional musician,” said Do. Kim Seung-jun nzdave94@hanyang.ac.kr Photos by Choi Min-ju

2016-10 19

[Faculty]Bionano Technology Leading the Medical Industry

Professor Choo Jae-beom of the Department of Bionano Engineering is a researcher who studies bionano microfluidics, a study which practical applications to systems in which small volumes of fluids are handled, and develops models that help diagnose different diseases such as respiratory tract infection, and cancer. As shown through his research, “Wash-free magnetic immunoassay of the PSA cancer marker using SERS and droplet microfluidics,” the significance of his research is that it will allow doctors to detect such diseases in patients within a short period of time. The previous study that Choo had worked on was using pregnancy diagnostic apparatus and the strips to discover different types of diseases. The diagnoses took about 5 weeks, which is usually how long it takes for expectant mothers to find out whether they are pregnant or not. Diagnoses using the microfluidic chips instead of pregnancy diagnostic apparatus will now only take about one week. What is more important is that it will give much more accurate results compared to the last model. When diseases such as MERS or Zika suddenly appears, there are two things to be taken care of. First, there must be a vaccine to cure the disease and second, the diagnosis of the disease should be quick to discover the new virus. If such diseases hadn’t been known to humankind, there would be no medicine available in the first place. This is why Choo’s research is so important. Shortening the time to analyze the DNA structures of the disease taken from a patient’s blood sample, then decoding it to suggest a cure for the illness will help save many more lives. ▲ Professor Choo is holding the silicon mold Professor Choo’s research points toward methods in detecting prostate cancer at an early stage using microfluidic chips instead of strips. Using strips used to have the method of developing the pregnancy diagnostic apparatus to detect different types of viruses but the new research has taken the equipment to a whole different level. The new hypersensitive protein diagnosis platform technology is carried out through a semiconductor process to build a silicon mold. Nanoparticles with the microfluidic chips are added inside a mold to hold the samples altogether so that when blood sample is mixed together, the nanoparticles will decidedly combine with the viruses. Once the particles are hit with laser beams, the concentration rate of the virus will be revealed. Knowing the concentration of such viruses is important since all diseases have cut-off points to determine whether the patient is actually contaminated with the virus or not. The goal of Choo and his research team is to develop an early diagnosis system for infectious diseases using the microfluidic system and through that, developing the vaccine that can just eliminate the viruses. Since the old methods of analyzing the DNA results in a higher percentage of error and takes much longer, Choo is trying to develop his model to be more sensitive, accurate and fast in terms of detecting the viruses. Microfluidic chips and an optical measuring system combined allows the blood sample to become naturally absorbed within the channel. By measuring the strength of the signals, the virus concentration can be detected. There are different types of nanoparticles, involving elements such as gold (Au) or silver (Ag) and a combination of other elements as well. This is because certain signals are captured when hit with laser beams, and the specific types of disease-provoking protein and DNAs are washed out and the leftover particles within the mold will result in a higher concentration of virus. ▲ Professor Choo explains about the microfluidic chip Myocardial infarction, cancer, or hormone disorders used to be what Choo focused on in the present studies along with the help of several doctors. Because new, unknown infectious diseases like MERS will become such an issue in the future, he will be working to develop a method to diagnose them in a short period of time. The technique being used now takes a whole lot of time since it requires a certain amount of blood sample from the patient, with particles needing to be separated using a centrifuge. More procedural steps follow. Strip methods are convenient but with the low sensitivity detection, it is hard to be sure whether the patient is infected with a certain virus or not. This is why decoding blood samples using the microchip reading method, which is fast, precise, and does not require much processes compared to the other analysis methods, is the future study that Choo will be focusing on. Kim Seung-jun nzdave94@hanyang.ac.kr Photos by Moon Ha-na

2016-10 19

[Student]Music Never Stops

The experience of attending a piano concert can be truly unforgettable. The exhilarating moment, in which music seems to run inside the veins and pump the heart, invoke people to applaud heartily for the performers. The players live for the moment of ovation, the driving force of their arduous practice which blossoms into another great showcase that would move the emotions of the audience. This dramatic sensation is what moves the pianist Lee Jae-hyun (Department of Piano, 4th year) to strive for his best to give his best performance. Winner of Four Competitions Lee is a young but promising piano player who won four competitions: the 3rd Chuncheon National Music Concours (1st place), the 8th Korea Herald Music Competition (2nd place), the 48th Nanpa Concours (2nd place), and the 35th Competition of the Music Association of Korea (3rd place). Talented student pianists from top universities participate in these contests. Especially, the prestigious Nanpa Concours boasts an old history, and the Chuncheon National Music Concours awards a 300,000-won prize with an opportunity to give a performance with a full orchestra. “These were the last piano competitions that I could participate in before going to Germany to study. I feel honored to be granted the chance to perform with the orchestra of Chuncheon city,” Lee said. ▲ Lee was awarded at piano competitions such as the 3rd Chuncheon National Music Concours, the 8th Korea Herald Music Competition, and the 48th Nanpa Concours. The two music pieces that Lee practiced for the competitions are Franz Liszt’s Rhapsodie Espagnole and Sonata in B Minor. “Rhapsodie Espagnole is a high-level composition piece modeled on Spanish folk songs. The interesting aspect of the introduction is that it gives the performer autonomy regarding the way that it is played. The whole piece alternates between major and minor, creating dark and beautiful atmospheres. Sonata in B Minor has a silent beginning but becomes fancier as the music goes on.” Lee says that to play the piano well, it is important to see the music score and think about what the artist had in mind when he or she was composing the piece. “These pieces are my favorites, and I played them for about two years. I think the reason I could do well in the competitions was due to the familiarity and deep understanding of the pieces, in addition to the technical difficulties of the songs which impressed the judges,” Lee explained. Tears and Smiles of a Pianist “I was seven when I started playing the piano. This was because I wanted to get complimented by my family and relatives when I played the instrument.” When Lee was young, he simply played the piano for fun. However, as he went to Busan High School of Arts, Lee became more serious about the instrument because he decided it as his major. It was during his high school years when Lee reassured himself that the piano was his career path. Being picked as an annual performer for the Geumjeong Art Spot when he was a senior at high school, Lee performed a piano piece with an orchestra in front of 1,300 people. “I don’t remember much of what I did while playing, but what I clearly recall is the applause and cheers from my audience. It was the best moment of my life that I cherish in my heart. That makes me stay strong and keep on going,” Lee reminisced. However, there were a lot of times when Lee wanted to give up playing the piano, both because of financial and personal reasons. “There are so many talented people out there, and I thought I wasn’t skilled enough as I experienced failure in some competitions. Even so, I thought that the piano is what I am most competent at. Considering it as my greatest ability, I made up my mind to not back down and continue my practices once again.” Lee was able to win awards in four competitions in part because of this resolution. Lee is planning to study in Germany this year or the next, in order to receive Master’s and Doctoral degrees in piano. He wants to become a professional pianist and after that, he wants to educate and foster future pianists. Lee advised, “Playing the piano or any kind of musical instrument in front of people is an artistic performance, evaluation of which depends on how the player actually does on stage. However, I want to emphasize that the stage is not everything. Practicing is most important, no matter how much time it costs. It’s beneficial to always practice with the attitude that ‘I am here on the stage, right now, at this moment’.” ▲ Lee on the stage at a piano contest. (Photo courtesy of Lee Jae-hyun) Jang Soo-hyun luxkari@hanyang.ac.kr Photos by Kim Youn-soo

2016-10 19

[Faculty]Leader of Korean Civil Law

Korea went through massive economic development since the 1970s. Various aspects of Koreans’ lives also greatly shifted along with it. Life expectency increased alongside quality of life. With the efforts of numerous citizens, democracy and human rights are now more settled in Korean society than it has ever been. To reflect new changes in society, it was essential for civil law, which adheres most closely to the lives of individuals, to develop as well. One former Supreme Court judge, Yang Chang soo, contributed highly to the development of Korean civil law. He is now a professor at Hanyang University’s School of Law. Yang majored in law at university and passed the Korean judicial examination in 1974, the year when he graduated. He first started his career as a judge for the Seoul Central District Court, and then later spent 20 years teaching law at a university. Then, in 2008, he was nominated as a Supreme Court judge, a position he held until 2014. After his retirement from the Court, Yang chose HYU and started teaching law here. It has now been two years since Yang started teaching at HYU. One of the reasons behind choosing HYU derived from the fact that HYU puts in a lot of effort in improving the quality of law education as an institution. “I appreciate that I am now back where I belong. I regard myself more as an educator than a jurist,” said Yang. Even when Yang worked diligently as a jurist, he also paid good amount of attention in setting the right direction of Korean law and how to educate it properly to students who are preparing to be a jurist. ▲ Yang was a jurist in the Seoul Central District Court and the Supreme Court. In between, he worked as a law professor. One of Yang’s most remarkable achievements was to write the ‘Study of Civil Law’ series in nine volumes. “While I was working as a judge at the Seoul Central District Court, I realized there weren’t many detailed researches or papers done on civil conflicts that are actually occurring within Korea,” said Yang. To supplement existing civil law and to suggest a new perspective to it, Yang started to write the law series from 2004. It was a great hit after a while it was published, being acknowledged by courts in Korea. Regional courts bought hundreds of Yang’s books to designate them as a new material to educate judges working in the court. Even until today, Yang’s publications are reputed to be one of the best that built fundamental frames of Korean civil law while upgrading it to the next level. After 20 years of working as a law professor, Yang reached the highest authority of law- serving as a judge for the Korean Supreme Court from 2008 to 2014. As the magnitude of the position implies, there were tremendous amounts of tasks to be done on a daily basis. “Every judge at the Supreme Court has to deal with more than 3000 cases a year, which made my life quite hectic at the time,” recalled Yang. Even though there was a considerable amount of duties he had to bear, Yang mentioned how his years of being a Supreme Court judge was a very momentous time in his life. “I was glad to have participated in the Korea’s top judiciary during the years when the country was reforming its laws based on different social economic circumstances,” commented Yang. Yang always tries to deliver to students what is important in law. “When we look into the Korean Constitution, there are 10 rules that state the basic rights of an individual to pursue his or her happiness, including the responsibility of the state to ensure a citizen’s basic rights. Korea was a society with a huge Confucian influence in the past, which emphasizes the duty of an individual to a group, society, and a state. I think law shows which path the nation should take in the future- that is to put more priority in protecting and supporting every citizen’s rights, which will naturally lead to a country where democracy and the economy flourishes.” ▲ Yang emphasized to students to develop an insight to deal with different situations flexibly. Yang left advice for HYU students, including those who dream to work in the field of law. “Of course, it is important to understand and study facts in textbooks, improving one’s ability in thinking and analyzing logically. However, I believe that what more important is to emotionally understand and imagine in different circumstantial cases in courts. I don’t think this should be confined to certain fields of jobs. It encompasses other field of studies or jobs that HYU students will strive for with passion,” said Yang. Yun Ji-hyun uni27@hanyang.ac.kr Photos by Choi Min-ju

2016-10 10

[Student]Future Assignment of Territory Reunification

Hosted by Chosun Ilbo, the Korea Planning Association, and the Korea Developer Association, the Future Assignment of Territory Reunification contest was held from May 5th to August 8th this year. Having gotten through roughly three months of fierce competition, Han Jang-hee (Architecture, 3rd year) and Yoon Jun-hyeok (Architecture, 3rd year) of Hanyang University (HYU) won the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport Minister Prize on September 29th. This contest was significant in that it was held for the first time, and participants had to imagine the cityscape of North Korean cities after becoming reunified with the South. Their task was thus to create their own city plan of Pyongyang accordingly. The requirement that the participants needed to meet was to envelop a thorough understanding of the North Korean city's economical and sociological situation, under the presumption that reunification will take place in the near future. Preparation and Development The work Han and Yoon submitted to the contest was You, I, and Us – Primary Unification Stage of North Korean Collective Residential Area. Yoon remarked that he had always been interested in collective residential areas. “Since the topic was so unique and we had studied North Korea before, we decided to apply for the contest,” said Yoon. “Han and I took a Residence course in our sophomore year. During the semester, we were able to learn about the diverse styles of living in North Korea and what kinds of structures the people lived in.” Han and Yoon decided to apply for various contests during the summer holidays early this year. Han found out about the Future Assignment of Reunification of Territory contest, the notice for which had been posted in June. Yoon stated that they started preparing for the contest from July onwards. “We had just over a month to prepare, which didn't leave us with enough time. We had to study liberal humanities and the physical, materialistic aspects of the environment at hand in order to design our model,” said Yoon. “We studied deeply on the political models of North Korea for about two weeks and through that, we had our concept set up in three days.” Yoon explains about the model. Since this wasn't work that could be done alone, Yoon needed his partner, Han, to cooperate as fully as possible alongside him. However, Han had to leave in August for Singapore to study there, which was one week before the contest's due date. They had both agreed on planning ahead for the model design, which was the hardest part. “Floor plans or drawings are something that can be shared via means of networking, but the designing was something that had to be decided and finalized together. We wanted to finish up on the design and then add more quality to it, but that didn't work out quite well at the time,” admitted Yoon. He also commented that they were able to finish up on the design of the housing part, but regrettably, not enough meetings were held to actualize the rest of the facilities they had devised. You, I, and Us – Primary Unification Stage Han and Yoon's model lacked in academic references, and they had a hard time finding sufficient sources online. With references from the Residence course and with the help of Professor Shin Geom-soo, who taught the course, they were able to find several books and theses on North Korea. Through the books, they found information on a variety of topics, ranging from societal issues to economics. Through this, Han and Yoon were able to develop their ideas on the livelihoods of North Koreans and their habitual abodes. “Most apartments in Pyeongyang are quite empty, unlike the way we normally think. Nobody is really living there. Also, they don't have elevators since they are recognized by the nation as a waste of electricity,” explained Yoon. Realistic houses that North Koreans live in are slums, and houses that seem 'normal' by South Korean standards are for flaunting wealth. “I went to visit the Geumgang Mountain in North Korea when I was in middle school, and found that the houses there are grouped together in order to monitor one another under the authoritarian regime,” added Yoon. “Han and I were so excited to win the prize. We decided to use the prize money to go on a vacation.” From what he had seen and learnt, Yoon developed the model into a more community-friendly one than the existing homes in North Korea. They had to create a scenario on what would happen after reunification and design houses accordingly. “We thought that grouping homes together and providing a communal space as co-housing would allow North Koreans to feel more unified among the South Koreans,” said Yoon. The conventional housing model in Pyeongyang today is set with only one entry route for four to five houses in order to be able to watch who goes in and out. instead, Han and Yoon created different doors for each houses. As for keeping the groups of houses together, Yoon elaborated that it was for making the module a more closely-knit society. They thought that separating each homes would not create a sense of community as effectively. Han and Yoon's model of North Korean houses in the current state (left), and how they would change once unified (right) Photo courtesy of Han Jang-hee and Yoon Jun-hyeok Having won such a huge prize, Yoon commented that it had been a great opportunity in the sense that they were able to study North Korea thoroughly. “Han and I were so excited to win the prize. We decided to use the prize money (5 million won) to go on a vacation together,” said Yoon. As for future goals, Yoon is planning to get a job in the field of architecture for hands-on-experience in the field, and study abroad afterwards. “I would like to design a building at HYU with my name on it,” said Yoon. “Hanyangians would be proud to have an alumni-built structure at the university. I want to try designing various different buildings that will inspire people as well.” Kim Seung-jun nzdave94@hanyang.ac.kr Photos by Kim Youn-soo

2016-10 09

[Faculty]Switching and Upgrading Mobile Device Circuits

Professor Yoo Chang-shik of the Department of Electronic Engineering is a researcher who studies the layouts of integrated, analog and digital circuits at Hanyang University (HYU). For the past year, as shown through his paper, “Switching Battery Charger Integrated Circuit for Mobile Devices in a 130-nm BCD MOSBCDMOS Process,” Yoo has been researching on developing an upgraded integrated circuit for mobile devices that could stand a higher voltage of electric current when charging. His research also encloses data on lengthening the lifespan of mobile phone batteries by retaining the right 'profile' shape when plugged in, which is the key determinant of long-lasting batteries. Battery Charging and Charging Profile According to Yoo’s research, a battery, when charging, must formulate and maintain the proper shape of the charging profile. That is, the time of charging and the battery voltage must meet at the right point, as shown in the diagram below- otherwise, the battery will be short-lived in the long run. When an application is in process, BCDMOS (Bipolar Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor) is activated. BCDMOS is an intricate type of an integrated circuit that can tolerate high currencies of electric voltage. Circuits of mobile devices, however, are incapable of enduring such high current and manifest a considerable rate of power consumption. To improve this aspect, Yoo saw the need for a stronger PMIC (Power Management Integrated Circuit) so that the BCDMOS would prevent the high electric voltage from damaging the device itself. PMICs are integrated circuits that handle and manage electric power. Charging profile for a lithium-ion battery. Photo courtesy of Professor Yoo's research paper Additionally, if the mobile device is used when it is being charged, not only the speed of charging slows down but also the amount of power consumed doubles. While this happens, the function of dividing the power for the phone to be used and charged at the same time is crucial. It was essential that Yoo managed both functions in harmony so that the final outcome would be progressive. Possible configurations for a mobile system where a battery charger supplies power (a) only to battery and (b) to both battery and system. Photo courtesy of Professor Yoo's research paper Yoo’s Research and its Meaning Yoo's academic principle as an engineer is not to be a scientist, but to be a practical engineer. Yoo places significance on the fact that his paper is the first to be academically published on the subject material, despite numerous others that virtually cover the necessity of his own research. He puts meaning to his work of systematically putting into an organized research paper what has already been created, in support of the fact that research done at a university can actually be utilized in real life. In this sense, Yoo does not expect a dramatic change or improvement in the field of electronic engineering and mobile devices, since there are plenty that have been put in use already. Nonetheless, he is proud to have turned the import-oriented item PMIC into a domestic product that can be manufactured here in Korea- a necessary development in the powerful semiconductor-producing country. Yoo is currently investing his time in developing a better PMIC. He is working on a project that goes by the name of “Designing an Innovative Analog”. Analogs are systems of displaying the successive changes in electric current or voltage, which is completely different from the digital system, which is required to operate visible and audible functions. He believes in the significance of analogs' roles as humans interact with their devices through touch screens, sound, and vision. With these functions falling behind, digital products will be met by critical hindrance on their way towards advancement. In this sense, improving the sound quality, screen definition, and manual systems of a device is indispensable. “We engineers are not scientists; we are not striving to create what is best. We’re simply making attempts to create what is moderately good at an adequate timing by appropriately applying already-existent principles and theories unveiled by scientists. That’s what engineers do,” remarked Yoo. He wanted the students of his department to invent and present to the world what they themselves need and benefit from. "In order to create something that the world needs, they have got to see the necessity of it first." Jeon Chae-yun chaeyun111@hanyang.ac.kr Photo by Kim Youn-soo

2016-09 25 Important News

[Faculty]Protecting Our Water Sources

Professor Han Myung-soo of the Department of Life Science is a researcher whose interests lie in algal phenomena such as red and green tides. Recently, he revealed the reason behind the unusual red tide caused by a sudden growth of planktons, frequenting the Korean waters in his paper titled “A mutualistic interaction between the bacterium Pseudomonas asplenii and the harmful algal species Chattonella marina (Raphidophyceae),” which was selected as the paper of the week. You may have heard that one of the side effects of global warming is red and green tides, or ‘algal bloom’ where algae suddenly flourish and cover vast areas of waters. The rise in ocean temperature, as well as in lakes, rivers and other types of freshwater causes the algae to flourish, threatening organisms as well as to people who equate freshwater as drinking water. Water pollution is another cause, with eutrophication creating excellent conditions for these photosynthetic unicellulates. ▲Cochlodinium causes red tides, which have a detrimental effect on water biology as well as humans. Photos courtesy of Shinhanilbo and CIMT Not only does red and green tides affect physical health biology and people, the perishing of fish in fish farms impacts fisherman economically, adding to the fact that this is aesthetically displeasing. The unicellular algae have evolved to protect themselves from possible predators, by producing harmful toxins that may cause diarrhea, amnesia, or even paralysis. "There have actually been cases where people have died, tens at a time due to drinking water or consuming shellfish affected by harmful algae. The fact that these toxins cannot be destroyed in boiling water makes it an even bigger danger," mentioned Han. However, the rise in water temperature and eutrophication alone cannot explain the cause of harmful algae suddenly 'blooming' in certain conditions. "Yes, these algae being plants, they thrive in warm, nutritious conditions with lots of light. It is usual for red and green tides to last for one or two weeks. However, in the last couple of decades, we have seen a single type of algae dominate all three adjacent waters of the Korean peninsula from late August into the end of November. This is the most unusual phenomenon, and have puzzled many scientists," commented Han. Thus, Han and his lab set up a theory that a third biological factor must be contributing to the abnormal blooming of algae. Focusing on Cochlodinium, the algae that are affecting the Korean waters the most, Han looked into bacteria that may be interacting with the algae. “We came to recognize that a type of bacteria called pseudomonas asplenii may be the biological factor we were looking for. It has already been revealed by other researchers that this bacteria produces minerals, that allows algae to flourish even in adverse conditions,” Han said. He and his lab gathered field samples from nearby waters twice a week, monitoring how the algae was blooming, as well as the activity of the bacteria. “It was a long-term project. The monitoring process spans months, not to mention that algal bloom didn’t always occur where we wanted it to. If we couldn’t get field samples, we would have to wait until the next red tide, which could occur the next year for all we know,” Han explained. Han applied the field of molecular biology to his research. “We used something called ‘next generation sequencing,’ which allowed us to conduct a quantitative and qualitative analysis on the bacteria. We found out that the bacteria grew in number and thrived at the same rate and time as the algae.” Now that a new mechanism has been revealed, this new development may lead to forecasting technologies that may prevent damages caused by algal tides. He added, “We think that there may be mutualistic interaction and coexistence between the algae and bacteria, but we haven’t figured out exactly what the algae provides for the bacteria. Our next goal is to reveal that part, as well as studying the cause of green tides which occur in fresh water. I’m glad that we have experts in diverse fields to conduct combined researches between fields.” ▲Han takes pride in his work, saying that the ability to collaborate with different fields is the strength and tradition of his lab. Nam-Hyung Kim lucipucy@hanyang.ac.kr Photo by Younsoo Kim