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2020-05 19

[Reviews][Experience] Midterm Exams During COVID-19

Seven weeks after introducing online courses for the first time due to COVID-19, how did Hanyang University proceed with its midterm exams? How were the online and offline exams for students? Our reporter will convey the experiences of various student. However, please take into consideration that it contains subjective content of students’ positions. The midterm exam period recommended to all undergraduate departments of the Seoul campus by the Office of Academic Affairs was after April 27, seven weeks after courses began. The format of the midterm exams was in principle by remote testing (online tests), Blackboard assignments, or emails. Other types of tests were also available at the instructors' discretion. If the conditions for compliance with preventative measures could be met, face-to-face exams (offline tests) could be conducted with the approval of the department dean or the Infectious Disease Control Committee. Offline Exam: ‘Relief’ by thorough preparation with social distancing and the wearing of masks Six weeks after the start of online courses, I received an email from a professor from one of my courses regarding the midterm exam. The content was about some worries with problems of online exams and the burden of students at the end of the semester because of the increased scope of the test if midterm/final exams were to be integrated. Therefore, it was informing us about getting student consent to conduct an offline test during week 8. After receiving consent for the midterm exam from all students, the offline exam was carried out with the approval of the department dean and the Infectious Disease Control Committee. On the day of the exam, about 50 students took the exam for 60 minutes in a large classroom that could accommodate about 190 students. Before entering the classroom, body temperatures were taken using an infrared thermometer to minimize physical contact, hand sanitizer was applied, and mask verification was carried out. Students were seated diagonally for social distancing, and the exam started after students filled out the COVID-19 self-health care questionnaire. When I was notified of the offline exam, I was worried about getting infected with COVID-19 due to lots of people gathering in one space, but I felt the possibility would be very low since the temperature checks and hand sanitization were done for all students along with social distancing measures including wearing masks. Online exam : Open book test with 8 questions lasting for 4 hours… preventing cheating with descriptive questions. Meanwhile, one course had an online exam with a form of open book test. It was a course with a total of 40 students. The method was downloading the exam questions which were uploaded on Blackboard at a set date and time and submitting the answers on time through e-mail and Blackboard. As it was an online exam, all test questions were comprised of descriptive questions to lower the likelihood of cheating through using the internet and solving problems in coordination with other students. Unlike the usual test format, using analogy and reasoning from what we learned in class was needed. On the exam day, 8 questions and 4 reference papers were available to us. The alloted test time was 4 hours and 30 minutes, which is far more than the 90 minutes of class time, in consideration of online bugs and unexpected situations in writing answers or uploading times. There were no major problems related to not being able to upload or download files, and I was able to finish the exam after having sufficient time to think due to the generous amount of time provided. Cheating was the biggest concern as it was an online test, but because it was a descriptive exam, having the same answers could be prevented. Amidst the ongoing COVID-19, both the school’s inevitable position of having to conduct tests of any type, and the students’ concerns of getting infected through physical contact during offline exams and cheatings in online exams were both understandable. Offline and online exams may have been the best way to evaluate students' progress in each course although both methods had pros and cons. Hopefully those on both sides understand each other’s position in the midst of the difficulties and can overcome the crisis by caring for each other. Global News Team global@hanyang.ac.kr Translation by: Park Gyeong-min

2020-05 13

[Reviews]81st Anniversary Emblem... Hanyang's Value Expressed in Numbers

▲ University's 81st anniversary emblem (Left) English (Right) Korean With the university's anniversary coming up, the Design Management Center unveiled the 81st anniversary emblem. The emblem will be used for designs related to the university anniversary ceremony, serving its purpose as a symbol of the university's 81 years of history that began in 1993. The biggest characteristic of the 81st year emblem is its connectivity with the 80th anniversary. While the 80th anniversary tried to convey the 3S university innovation strategy within the emblem and included strong movements of 3 circles, the 81st year emblem has taken another step forward and opened up the closed circle to the outer side. The shape of the number 1 is created by connecting a line to the middle point of the number 8. The period indication of 1939-2020 has been included on the connected number 1. Through the process, the numbers 8 and 1 are not two separate numbers but are interconnected. Different from the 80th year emblem, which was only expressed in a single color, a detailed gradation effect was included on the bottom line from number 8, providing a shadow effect with an extra three-dimensional effect. ▲ (Left) 80th Anniversary Emblem (Right) 81st Anniversary Emblem The Design Management Center explained that they tried to include the university's Brand Core Values into this year's emblem. The brand core values in this sense mean contributing to society in smart and creative ways, and creating a global and specialized image of the university while also providing a sustainable development platform for the image. The Design Management Center explained that having this as its concept, it constructed a clear, systematic, and balanced design that presents bright and lively tones, neutral and flexible expressions, and vivid colors. ▲ Design that will be applied to the anniversary ceremony site The anniversary ceremony site's background wall, banners, and pamphlets were created using the design elements included in the emblem, which will be used to creating Hanyang University's ingenious and consistent atmosphere. The designs that are created can be viewed on Hanyang Wiki. [Hanyang Wiki] https://hyu.wiki/81주년 Global News Team global@hanyang.ac.kr Translation by: Lee Won-young

2020-04 13

[Reviews]All the Information You Need for Your Campus Life! <2020 ERICA Campus Guidebook> Published

▲ 2020 ERICA Campus Guidebook On March 17th, Hanyang University ERICA Campus published the 2020 ERICA Campus Guidebook to help freshmen with their new campus life. The guidebook presents all the essential information needed for the students to live a good school life such as a basic introduction to the university, the academic calendar, tips on how to use lecture-related websites, and guides on different degrees. With all this information gathered in one book, this guidebook is expected to easily solve some of the issues that Hanyang students may face during their school life. First of all, "PART 1. Academic Systems" deals with information such as the 2020 academic calendar, how to use the HY-in portal and Blackboard, the course credit system, graduation requirements, and leaves of absence. "PART 2. University Life Guide" provides information such as semester registration and scholarship system, and information about various support centers that can be reached at ERICA Campus. It also includes projects and education programs provided by each center, which will give helpful information to Hanyangians that are interested. Additionally, because there is information on shuttle buses, student ID registration, in-school contacts, there won't be a need to search for such information on the internet. At the end of the guidebook, there is a 2020 calendar with a notes section attached, which can be used as a notepad and a scheduler as well. The 2020 ERICA Campus Guidebook, which holds all the essential information for students, is being distributed in a book form as well as an e-Book format. ▶Go and Check the '2020 ERICA Campus Guidebook' Global News Team Translated by: Lee Won-young global@hanyang.ac.kr

2020-01 08

[Reviews][Full Transcript] President Kim Woo-Seung’s 2020 Year Opening Ceremony Address

*Below is the full transcript of the year opening ceremony address, which was delivered by President Kim Woo-Seung on January 2nd, 2020 at the '2020 New Years Greetings and Year Opening Ceremony.' Dear beloved Hanyang family! The new year of Gyungja (庚子年) has begun. I wish you a happy new year, a year full of desired accomplishments, healthy and joyful moments. I also wish greatly that your households be abundant in bright spirits of the new year. The year of Gyungja is the year of a powerful and strong white rat, which drives us to remember and strengthen our will to achieve unstoppable development and intelligent changes. Despite the hardships that have occurred inside and outside of the country, I would like to thank you for all of your hard work during the past year, which was done with commitment and passion, day and night, solely for the development of Hanyang. Along with that appreciation, I strongly believe that all of our Hanyang family will move forward with a high spirit in the year of Gyungja, sharing greater hope and passion and believing in each other, with the help of diligence and the strong life force of the white rat. While the environment surrounding universities these days are changing constantly, Hanyang has been making gleaming accomplishments through steady progress and a greater step forward by embracing and encouraging each other. However, when observing the ecological system of higher education, the future ahead of us is facing an era that we have never experienced during any period of history. The change in the fertility rate in Korea is quite dramatic. The total fertility rate, which is an expected number of a woman to give birth within one's lifetime, decreased from 6.0 in 1960 to 2.1 in 1983, which is equal to the number of population replacement levels. The rate decreased to less than 1.3 in 2001, reaching 1.09 in the year of 2005. In the wake of these changes, the number had been fluctuating, until it recently dropped to 0.98 in 2018. Ever since entering this century, Korea's fertility rate has been persisting within the degree of 1.3 and 0.9, which can be considered a record-breaking number when considering both the rate itself and the duration of persistence. It has been stated that Korea will be facing a future in becoming the world's fastest aging society, catching up and going ahead of Japan around the 2040s. Universities are bound to face great hardship soon. According to data that was recently announced by the government, it has been predicted that the number of university entrants will meet with the university entrance quota starting from 2020, due to the rapid reduction in the number of the student population. Assuming that the university entrance rate will decrease after 18 years, from 67% to 60%, which is when the 326,822 newborn babies of 2018 will be eligible for entry into universities, the number of university entrants in the year 2036 will be 196,100. This number is 301,124 less than the number of university entrants in 2018, which was 497,218. After 16 years from now, it can be considered that more than 60% of the current university entrants from the current number is decreasing. It is important for school staff that is leading the school to view this matter with the stance of the colleges and the majors that they belong to. However, because the new faculty that are being hired nowadays will be working after the year of 2050, I believe that looking at the issues beyond one's individual views and to consider them in terms of the bigger structure which would be the greatest help for the professors that will be leading Hanyang University and for the continuity of the Hanyang Foundation, striving hard for the Hanyang community as a whole. With such a situation, the university's role in lifetime studies is crucial. As the number of average life expectancy is constantly increasing, the existing lifetime classification on studies, working, leisure-time, and social involvement according to one's life cycle stages such as adolescence, middle life, senescence and more are becoming less relatable to our lives. In the future aging society where the years of senescence are increasing, all activities of studying, working, leisure, and social involvement should be continued throughout one's life, simultaneously. When taking that side of view, we need to expand the definition of students and include all members of the society within the definition, along with preparing for the changes of the study system under the new definition. A heavy boulder is hard to move in the beginning, but once it starts rolling down, it creates progress that no one can stop. I believe that what Hanyang is accomplishing at the beginning of the Gyungja year looks very similar to that of the boulder. Just as all of our efforts have already moved the heavy boulder, I promise that, in this new year, we will make endless races for Hanyang to make higher and further progress. Dear honorable Hanyang family! Hanyang is reaching its 81st anniversary this year. Today, I want to talk about the new accomplishments and new fruits that we will be yearning for as of this moment. We understand that the high status of this leading private university was due to all of our Hanyang family's passion and devotion for the past 80 years. Therefore, I would like to say that our future accomplishments should also be done with the minds of all of our Hanyang families together. What, we, Hanyang are aiming for is something that cannot be done by one individual, and even if it were possible, it would end with no meaning to be seen. These will be the works that we will strive for and make progress in changing and innovating the areas of studies, research, social innovation, business start-ups, and more, with the core value of 'Love in Deed and Truth' leading Hanyang become more Hanyang throughout the years. I believe that innovation is created through integration based on mutual cooperation. Nevertheless, we have to ask ourselves whether we are making mutual cooperation when we are talking about innovation and integration. Nowadays, there is a coined term called 'AI for All'. I recently visited a university in the U.S., which had 163 core professors from the school of Informatics, Computing and Engineering. Meanwhile, the total number of professors within the 5 majors from the college, which are Computer Science, Informatics, Intelligent Systems Engineering, Data Science, Information and Library Science, reached 217. This was made possible through the joint-appointment professor system. Although I gave an example of a college related to computer studies, I promise that I will make thoughtful deliberation on creating such a mutual cooperation platform throughout the fields of studies with you. Dear Hanyang family! I think the biggest virtue of the word 'New Year' lies at 'being new' or 'starting something new.' Such newness can be realized not by normative activities but by practicing it with a strong will. We can say that greeting a new year is meaningful because we can start something new and try hard to practice it. As the president, I think of the future that the Hanyang community will form. I wish the future that the Hanyang community dreams of would be more diverse and dynamic. As all living things change, I wish dynamic moves to lead and respond to the ever-changing world would sweep around the campus. It will be an important power source, more important than domestic and global university rankings. Some say that the difference between a community and a group is whether the members can share the destiny, superseding their interests. We wish Hanyang's future to march in through active discussion, consensus, and practice within the community of Hanyang. I wholeheartedly thank Hanyang's family for loving and blessing Hanyang. As you are precious members of Hanyang University, I will do my best to make you feel proud of Hanyang this year as president. Have a happy new year, and I wish you the best. Love. Global News Team global@hanyang.ac.kr

2020-01 07

[Reviews][Full Text] 2020 New Year Celebration Speech of Chairman Kim Chong-yang

*This is a full text of the celebration speech read by chairman Kim Chong-yang at the ‘2020 New Year and Kick-off Meeting’ on January 2nd of 2020. The year of Gyeongja has started. I thank you by heart to all Hanyang people who devoted themselves to newly making the future of Hanyang last year. Your passionate love for Hanyang has developed the university, and I expect you to make a meaningful year in 2020. Dear Hanyang families! This year has another meaning as we have passed the 2010s and met the 2020s. At the beginning of the 2000s, the world expected a lot from the new millennium as they celebrated the opening of the new millennium. After then, 20 years have passed. For the last 20 years, changes in the world were astonishing, and they are still ongoing. Oftentimes, I feel worried when thinking ‘to what extent will the change in the world lead us?’ Hanyang University declared the ‘Hanyang Millennium Declaration’ 20 years ago, celebrating a new millennium. In the declaration, we have clarified Hanyang’s concept of talent that Hanyang of the new millennium wants by saying: “The ‘millennium leader’ is an individual we would like to cultivate as a ‘creative leader’ who not only accumulates knowledge but also creates new knowledge, and a ‘loving leader’ who overcomes egoism and respects the life of humans and nature.” The declaration which can be summarized with ‘creative leader’ and ‘loving leader’ seems to be valid 20 years after then. It is more emphasized when looking at the changes within the world. Hence, we would like to keep these two keywords in our minds, on the morning of the beginning of the 2020s. Dear and beloved Hanyang families! The most frequently used word in the field of big data is AI. Achievements in AI are being broadcasted on the media every day. They also say that the creative field of art will be captured by AI, as the media notes that AI, which can write and draw, has emerged. However, strictly saying, it is not a new creation made by AI. It is just a cumulation of the results and learning of the human-created, creative field. The ability of an AI that analyzed and learned the paintings of van Gogh and drew paintings in his styles is astonishing, yet it is not van Gogh with creative ability. Creativity is what it counts. The creativity comes from the liberty of thought of individuals. Further, I think creativity, in its true meaning, has to be valuable. Technology is easy to lose its directions. This is because people only pursue development and achievements, not ethics and values. We can call something as creation only when it is new and valuable and meaningful to humankind. The final destination of such values would be love. The ‘creative leader’ and ‘loving leader’ we talked about at the declaration are the concepts of talent that are necessary for the era of technology and artificial intelligence. I wish the talents of Hanyang could be raised as creative leaders making valuable things and loving leaders having a good-hearted influence. Dear and beloved Hanyang families! I would like to quote a proverb that has been read for more than 2,000 years: “Ye are the salt of the earth: but if the salt have lost his savour, wherewith shall it be salted? It is thenceforth good for nothing, but to be cast out, and to be trodden under foot of men.” Salt is one of the minerals that humans need for survival and a precious thing to add taste to food. It was used as a currency, and also, it was given as a salary. Salary is known to be derived from salt. It becomes a scary dictum to all Hanyang people. When we cannot suffice each others’ roles and missions, one would be neglected from the world. Professors, faculties, students, cleaners, guards, managers of each organization, team managers, and we ourselves should know what our roles are, and I wish the year 2020 to be a loyal year as the salt of the world. The year of the mouse symbolizes fecundity, prosperity, and abundance. I wish all members of Hanyang love and prosperity. Thank you. January 2nd, 2020, Chairman of Hanyang Foundation, Kim Chong-yang Global News Team Translated by: Lee Seong-chae global@hanyang.ac.kr

2017-05 16

[Reviews]Democracy Blossoms in South Korea

The beginning of the Republic of Korea dates back to 1948, when an indirect presidential election took place in July. On August 15 of 1948, President Rhee Syng-man proclaimed South Korea, and embarked on the road to democracy. True democracy shines after 70 years The First Republic of President Rhee turned into an autocratic regime, which then was replaced by a democratic interim government that was overthrown by military rule in less than a year. Inciting military rule in the Fourth Republic of 1979, President Park Chung-hee founded the Yushin Constitution to maintain a longer presidential term and take absolute control of the parliament. When Park was assassinated, President Chun Doo-hwan came into power through a coup d’état. In the following year, number of university students and civilians led vigorous protests against the authoritarian rule, and the government responded by massacring civilians in the city of Gwangju. Students of Chonnam University are protesting President Chun's autocratic government. (Photo courtesy of 7578bus Tistory) Beginning with President Kim Young-sam in 1993 and Kim Dae-jung, to Roh Moo-hyun until 2008, the democratic party won the presidential election. After the suicide of late President Roh, President Lee Myung-bak set out to revitalize the weakening economy. Lee’s successor, President Park Geun-hye took the baton and was inaugurated in 2013. Despite the weight of being the daughter of a former president and the first female president, she was impeached due to irresponsible and illegal tracks after a series of candlelight rallies by citizens. On May 9th of 2017, President Moon Jae-in was newly elected with 41.1% of polling rate. Flower of democracy- Voting After the protests in the earlier days of RoK, what overthrew the disappointing government was not a coup but a voting system. In order to increase the turnout rate and to guarantee suffrage opportunities to all electorates, South Korea affords various voting systems. In order to be listed as a valid electorate, a Korean national of 19 years of age or above should be registered as a resident in the district under the jurisdiction of a local government concerned as of the record date of the voters. The following is a list of methods mainly referred to: Original Ballot National Election Commissions (NECs) prepare and send out voting guidance pamphlets that include information regarding voting- date and time of voting, location of a polling station, and more. Pamphlets are sent out to each household in two days after the confirmation day of the voters list. The voting begins from 6 AM and continues until 8 PM. After the officers at the polling station confirm individual’s identification and residential appropriateness, the voter may receive a ballot paper and head to the polling booth. Preliminary Ballot If the electorate can’t make time on the original election day to vote from 6 AM to 8 PM, the voter can receive two days of chance to vote on different days. The most prestigious advantage of this preliminary ballot is that the voter does not need to consider his or her current location or residence. The electorate can take a vote, even if it is not the registered residence. The preliminary vote is implemented on the Thursday and Friday right before the original election date. Overseas Voting There are two types of overseas voting: overseas absentee voting and overseas election. The former applies to those who are just absent in South Korea due to work, school, or more. The voter must have the residence registered and should apply for preliminary election at the South Korean embassy. On the other hand, the latter applies to those who do not have a residency permit or identification registered in South Korea, but who maintains South Korean citizenship. This requires the voter to request for election in the embassy with identifications such as passport. "You, who voted, are beautiful." (Photo courtesy of NamuWiki) South Korea maintained a low turnout rate between the ages of 20 to 50 until this year, when young citizens were enraged by the monopoly of state affairs by Park Geun-hye. Together with the candlelight vigils, in showing the democratic will and the power of each vote, South Korea is stepping ahead to realize true democracy. Kim Ju-hyun kimster9421@hanyang.ac.kr

2017-04 03

[Reviews]Sewol Resurfaced- A Record of 1037 Days

At 8:55 AM on 16th April 2014, a ferry with 476 people on board capsized and began to sink in the middle of the sea at Jindo, South Jeolla province. Out of the passengers, 304 people have been determined dead or missing. 250 people on board were students leaving to Jeju Island for their school excursion trip from Danwon High School. At the age of 17, young and promising students lost their lives. The remaining 50-odd people, who were teachers, crew members and others, also gave out their final breaths in the deep ocean. On 23rd March 2017, the ferry Sewol has been dragged out of the water with grief. Citizens and the bereaved families had been, and stil are, lamenting the tragedy for as long as 1037 days. Resentment towards the incompetent government, the deep sorrow for lost lives, and ongoing interrogation concerning those behind the incident still cut across a wide swath of South Korea. Vestige of the 1037 days 2014 April 16 of 2014 was the day governmental institutes of South Korea proved themselves to be inadequate. The Central Disaster and Safety Countermeasures Headquarters altered its announcements regarding the number of the rescued from all saved to 368 to 164 in five hours. In the acute situation, families and people concerned with the losses had their hearts tormented. Also, the captain of ferry Sewol- Lee Jun-seok did not announce any leaving instructions to the passengers, and left the ferry alone in his underwear. With all lifeboats wrecked and all crew members bunged off, 304 students and passengers slowly were confronted with death. Absence of the control tower also enraged the bereaved and the citizens. Former president Park Geun-hye revealed her appearance seven hours after the incident occurred. The mysterious whereabouts of Park- the one person who must have shared the agony of the losses, is still unknown. Ferry Sewol is about to completely sink under the water at 1 PM on April 16 of 2014. (Photo courtesy of Youbube channel-BJ Kim) 2015 The official searching operation for the missing passengers continued for eight months, and was completed on November 11. On April 22 of 2015, which is a year after the incident, the government decides to refloat the hull. Since then, suicidal scandals of the assistant principal and the president of Cheonghaejin Shipping Corporation, suspicions regarding ferry Sewol and the exceeded amount of military commodities loaded up in the luggage room, and discords between the families of the deceased threw Korea into the utter confusion. The Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries organized the ferry Sewol’s resolving Task Force team to prepare salving the sunken vessel. However, people’s suspicious glances never halted, as the government kept announcing the excessive cost of the task and enacting special laws on ferry Sewol. The special laws on ferry Sewol was granting university admission privileges for the survivors, life-long financial supports, construction of memorial parks, and more. These favors, according to JTBC, are not asserted by the families of the deceased. However, this news began to stir up grievance and disturbance between people and the concerned. 2016 After much meandering, the salvage operation was embarked on. However, the doubts on salvage enterprise selection began to rise on the surface. The Dutch salvage company, “Smit Consortium” was evaluated as the first, while the Chinese company “Shanghai Salvage” was evaluated the second. However, these two companies had 60 billion dollars difference and the Korean government selected Shanghai Salvage. The Chinese salvage company affirmed of the operation due date by July of 2016. However, their technique “floating dock” failed, and the due date was extended. After the six months long trial, the salvage company renounced its technique and switched to the ordinary method and demanded 10 billion more dollars. Park of the Ferry Sewol is being revealed on March 23. (Photo courtesy of Huffington Post) 2017 Former president Park has been impeached on March 10 of 2017. The ferry Sewol has been successfully refloated and has greeted sunshine for the first time in 1037 days. The families of the deceased passengers on ferry Sewol encountered their closest tragedy. The recovery operation of the ferry is still on going, until all bodies lost under the sea are found. The distrusted government The South Korean government under President Park has kicked off its ambitious beginning in 2013. However, the Anti-Terrorism Act, a government-designed history textbook, and the agreement to the Japanese Government for appeasing sexual slaves at the former Japanese military with money caused enormous resistance and collision between main political parties. In 2014, ferry Sewol that sank with 250 high school students and 54 passengers aroused doubts on the government’s ability to handle national matters. Also, the mysterious whereabouts of President Park during the disaster and settlements of this affair also brought about the seriousness and trustworthiness of the government. Then in 2016, the influence peddling incident of Choi Sun-shil in the South Korean government under President Park was officially covered on the news. The citizens were furious and they walked to the streets to appeal their resentment. The head of the government had to step down. CNN is reporting on the impeachment of President Park in South Korea. (Photo courtesy of CNN) When the government was selecting the salvage company to refloat the ferry Sewol, the primary concern of them was the cost. Perhaps, the most expensive cost of salvage was not 140 billion dollars of the Dutch salvage consortium, but the distrust of the people. The sunken ferry Sewol has been refloated in 1037 days. The ferry Sewol shipped with students of Danwon High School who had to return from their field trip on Friday the 18th of April in 2014 came back on Friday the 24th of March in 2017. The long journey of them awakens the citizen to vote for their new, just government. Kim Ju-hyun kimster9421@hanyang.ac.kr