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2018-01 28

[Special][Op-ed] Invisible and Silent, Yet Deadly

What are some of the best-selling items these days? Sanitary masks are, indeed, one of the most compelling products. There has been a 380 percent increase in nasal sanitizer product sales, with a 213 percent rise in sanitary mask sales. What is the cause of this phenomenon? The severity of the fine dust in the air seems to be the catalyst of the sales boom. With the emission of toxicant chemicals from automobiles and industrial sites being the main culprit of the fine dust pollution crisis, Korean is going through a major pollution issue and is on its way to address that problem. What’s all the fuss about? Recently, emergency text messages informing citizens that the fine dust level is particularly bad that day are sent directly from the government, not to mention the myriad of people that can be seen wearing sanitary masks outdoors. This means the situation is really getting serious now, unquestionably demanding some counteractions to be taken. Korea has the highest density of fine dust concentration among the member countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), recording 32 micrograms of fine dust per cubic meter, while Iceland is on record for being the least polluted country, showing 2.9 micrograms of fine dust per cubic meter. The size of fine dust is about seven times smaller than the width of an average person’s hair, which can freely and effortlessly enter human bodies through the nasal cavity or through the skin, reaching deep inside and inducing various health issues such as dementia, stroke, dysrhythmia, angiosis, hair loss, nasal inflammation and much more. The biggest problem with the fine dust is that the particles are so small that they are unfilterable, meaning they can get to any part of the body and cause a wide variety of diseases. Fine dust is seven times smaller than a strand of hair. Among the developed nations in the OECD, South Korea has the worst air pollution. (Photo courtesy of It is not the thought that counts, it is the action It is not hard to figure out that there is no quick-fix solution for Korea’s situation now. In response to the deteriorating issue, the Korean Ministry took action: since the harmful emission from automobiles is a great contributor to the overall situation, the government hoped to entice people to take public transportation by making it free of charge for one day. Though it sounds reasonable, this approach received considerable criticism for several reasons. First of all, this solution is only temporary, yet very costly. Moreover, voices were heard that the money should rather have been invested in developing technologies to converting current automobiles into electronic or other non-harmful types or in developing technologies to absorb or cleanse the polluted air. This approach was one of the four emergency actions established by the government, which are to be taken as the situation gets irrevocably worse. The other actions include an odd-even license plate policy (cars with license plates that end in an odd number can only be driven on an odd number date and vice versa), the reduction of factory operation hours, and the closing of parking lots. All these approaches evidently aim to reduce the toxic emissions from automobiles but do not aim to provide an alternative direction to remove the root of the problem. Citizens express great dissatisfaction about the actions the government has taken, voicing that they are only temporarily or partially resolving the trouble. However, to remove the root cause of the whole situation would cost a lot of money and if the government raises the tax rate to do so, people will surely show hostility as well. In an individualistic society, such as the one we live in today, people would care more about their own future than their country’s. In such a case, how can the government afford to meet both the requirements of the people and this monstrous disaster? Being aware that the silent monster is growing more and more powerful everyday, both the government and citizens are nervous. What we need in this situation is not arguments and criticisms but cooperation. The current situation necessitates a multilateral approach since its scale has exceeded the moderate level. More than one solution should be carried out by more than one group of people. An unilateral solution cannot effectively address such problem, meaning the government alone cannot single-handedly resolve the tragedy. There must be a cooperation between the government and the people, at the level of both individuals and corporations. The government should provide the least burdensome and the most effective solution and the citizens should cooperate in order to maximize the effect and to defeat the common enemy. Fine dust overwhelmingly covers the city. (Photo courtesy of DBpia Report for Research) Jeon Chae-yun

2018-01 01

[Special]Hampyeong Seawater Spa and Fatigue Therapy

It is the beginning of the new year, which means it is time to make the new year’s resolution and put them into action. For a lot of people, it usually includes fixing bad habits, making better plans, and making oneself a better person than the previous year. But what about the fatigue from last year? To start the new year fresh and light, the accumulation of last year’s weariness on the shoulders must be removed first. To do so, the spa is always a good option. In Hampyeong, Jeollanam-do Province, the traditional seawater spa could make the physical fatigue evaporate along with the hot steam of the sauna. Let’s greet the new year with a relieved, rejuvenated body. The secret to becoming younger Changing into the spa attire and entering the spa house, an individual can see rows of doors of small spa rooms. Each room has a wooden rectangular bath in the middle, the size of which is perfect for three to four people to fit in. Entering the room and sitting around the bath at the center, an epiploon with foremost mugwort inside floats on the water which creates the fresh scent in the room. A moment later, the door opens and a man walks in with a shovel full of red stones saying, “it’s very hot, please be careful.” Pouring the stones into the bath, the room fills full of clouds of steam coming from the hot water. An important note is that the bath is not to be entered, as the stones in it are heated to 1300 degrees Celsius, which makes the water steaming hot. The combination of natural seawater and the broiling stones provides a miraculous remedy for fatigue. Each person is given a big and small towel, for the water is not to be directly touched; rather, the towels are to be dipped in the water and drawn out to press-squeeze the water with a round bucket, then placed over the shoulders and back for a relaxing foment effect. A beneficial tip is that wiping the face with the moderately-cooled towel will make the facial skin extremely soft and look rejuvenated because of the the foremost mugwort brewed in the natural seawater. The steamy towel soaked with natural cure for knotted muscles along with the skin care effect will refresh not only the body but also the emotion, as being in the steamy room will make sweat ooze out. The hunched back and shoulders from stress and coldness will naturally unfurl. Having the effect of both a massage and skin care, the seawater spa can kill two birds with one stone. The sulfuric stones are being heated in the fire. (Photo courtesy of Korea Tourism Organization) Stones heated to 1300 degrees Celsius are being put into the bath in the middle. (Photo courtesy of the Korea Tourism Organization) 200 years of tradition The seawater spa is a remedy which has its roots in the 19th century Joseon Dynasty era. It was a widely-used folk remedy for the well being of the body. It was recorded in the Sejong chronicles that stones with sulfuric components and some medical herbs brewed in hot seawater create a great effect for relieving neuralgia, postnatal care, arthritis, and dermatitis. Especially effective for those in their mid to late adulthood, the seawater spa has been the folk therapy for various defects. Currently located in Hampyeong in Jeollanam-do Province, the 200 years of tradition has been well preserved, and now it has become a popular cultural attraction among Koreans. The way of enjoying the spa today is the same as it had been 200 years ago; thus, visitors can experience the true tradition of the precursors. It is the new year’s winter, so why not brush off the stress and fatigue from the previous year and greet the new one with a fresh, light body and mind? After the water cools, the bath can be a foot bath and the water can be poured onto the body. (Photo courtesy of the Korea Tourism Organization) Jeon Chae-yun

2017-12 10

[Special]Experience is the Best Teacher

What could be the most difficult challenge a student can face? Perhaps, it is to get all straight A’s in every class, socializing with new people, making it to graduation, or getting the degrees. Then, what if all these tasks had to be carried out in a foreign language and in a foreign country? It is easy to decide to go abroad for a short trip, but it takes considerable prudence and courage to make the decision to go abroad and reside for studying. From ordering food in a restaurant to attending Hanyang University, the international research students in Hanyang are facing daily challenges in Korea. Three international research students shared their story this week. میں کوریا میں خوش ہوں. (I’m happy in Korea) Saba Haq (Life Science, Doctoral Program) is a research student from Pakistan, whose research primarily lies in the treatment of cancer. Since her youth, Saba has always been interested in biology and not in any other subjects. After majoring in Life Science, she was determined to go abroad to get her Ph.D. The time period during which she was offered the scholarship for foreign students by the Korean government was called the Korean Government Scholarship Program (KGSV). After coming to Korea, she spent a year in a language school in Busan to learn Korean. Through her experience of studying Korean in Busan, she was able to familiarize herself with Korean culture. She added that staying in Busan was one of her best experiences because she became acquainted with students from all over the world and learned about their cultures as well, while learning Korean. “I also love Korean dramas such as ‘It’s Okay, It’s Love’, ‘Boys over Flowers’, and ‘Secret Garden,” smiled Saba. It has been a little more than two years since Saba came to Hanyang, and there has been many ups and downs in her life. Although she barely has any communication problems because her professor is a foreigner, and a lot of her lab mates are English speakers, she sometimes struggles with her research. “When it’s the end of the week, and I don’t have a satisfying result, I can’t motivate myself for the following week. In such a case, my friends and I encourage each other because we are in a similar situation.” She confessed that compared to her own country, the working hours in Korea are generally longer, which makes her feel exhausted, sometimes. “This could be one cultural difference. In Pakistan, we have time for family after working. But in Korea, people work until eight or later. I wonder when they spend time with their family.” Nonetheless, Saba has had no particular difficulty in adjusting to her new life in Korea. “I think I became a stronger and a more self-dependent person because I taught myself how to survive by myself.” "Hanyang is very nice and friendly. I like my professor and my lab mates. I've learned so much." "不怕慢,只怕站.” (do not fear slowness, fear stopping) Yu Chung-won was a transfer student from the Business School in Hanyang in 3rd year, heading into the graduate school after graduating. Currently researching on the relationship between the street culture and the result of the Olympics, Yu is interested in finding out the impact that street culture has on the number of medals a country could acquire in the Olympics and how the Olympics could affect the streets themselves. As Chinese is her mother tongue, doing the research in English is one of the difficulties she faces. Having to understand English and translating the knowledge into Korean requires a strenuous effort. However, this could be an inevitable aspect of studying in a foreign country. “I want to thank my Korean friend for catching the errors in my paper after writing,” grinned Yu. Her interest in Korea first sprang when she was a middle school student. Being a big fan of the K-pop group named Super Junior, her decision to come to Korea was not only fueled by an academic purpose but also partially by her love for hallyu. Even to this day, she buys albums and goes to concerts. “I went to a Korean language academy in middle school to learn Korean, which was run by a Korean couple. I always wished to live in Korea and experience the culture.” Now that she has fulfilled her dream, she has a lot to talk about her experience. Since Yu is from the southern part of China where it never snows, she was not comfortable with going to the public sauna at first, not to mention the body-scrubbing lady who continuously offered the service, both of which she is familiar with now. She tries to improve her Korean skill by trying to watch the television without subtitles, communicating with her fellow Korean students, and enjoying the culture. Yu is still not certain about her goals after graduating from Hanyang. As for now, she is enjoying her life in Hanyang. "My first impression of Korea and Hanyang was very cordial, full of kind people." ຂອບໃຈ! (thank you) Toulany Thavisay, entering Hanang as a Ph.D. student from Laos, is in his 5th semester now and has done a wide range of research so far in the field of International Management; the broad idea of which is sustainability of the economy in Korea and consumer behavior. As a research student in Hanyang, Toulany has a tight daily schedule: waking up early in the morning and studying late until the night, barely having any free time. When first coming to Hanyang, one difference he noticed was the education system. He confessed that as a foreign student, adjusting to the system was a bit challenging. In Laos, the university makes the syllabus and provides students the syllabus, whereas in Korea, students are responsible for every task from organizing the time table to registering and dropping courses. Nonetheless, he never considers such difficulty as an obstacle, but rather, a positive challenge. “When you’re living in a different country, it’s something you have to go through and learn. I try to view all the challenges that I face in a positive manner.” As a KGSP student and having studied Korean in a language school for a year, Toulany’s Korean is very fluent, going beyond just communicative. “My Korean teacher told me that if I wanted to learn Korean, I had to like Korea first.” He remarked that practice makes perfect and that being good in a language is very beneficial because the more you communicate, the more friends you make and the more things you can explore about the culture. Being fluent in Korean helped him to understand Korean culture better. “What excites me a lot in Korea is the style of living and its infrastructure, in terms of the public transportation and its accessibility and speed of the Internet.” He refused to call the cultural difference a culture shock but rather an experience. After going back to Laos, his goal is to become a professor in the university he graduated from. He is eager to contribute his knowledge and the experience back to his school and expand the educational development in his home country. "Life in a foreign country could be challenging. Keep your goals to motivate yourself." It’s all about the climb Even though taking the first step is always difficult, nothing is impossible. Through consistent effort and continuous challenges, big, hard walls can be broken down into constructive stairs. The international research students of Hanyang will always surmount any difficulties and move toward their goals. Jeon Chae-yun Photos by Lee Jin-myung

2017-11 25

[Special]Familiar but Exotic!

Did you know that doing something you regard as hackneyed or ordinary could sometimes feel as new and interesting? As a Korean, wearing a hanbok or visiting the traditional palaces sounds trite. However, perhaps due to the lengthy interval of visiting such a place or wearing a hanbok, a visit to the Bukchon Hanok (traditional Korean house) Village combined with a hanbok experience was offbeat! Bukchon Hanok Village is close from Anguk Station, line 3. (Photo courtesy of havehalalwilltravel) Coming out of the subway station through the exit 6 and walking straight to the main road of Insa-dong, numerous Hanbok rental shops were spotted, along with some groups of tourists and Koreans strolling down the way in the attire. The street was lined with souvenir stores, displaying things that represented Korea such as the traditional masks, pots, fans and more. Those items are normally not considered extraordinarily valuable or as must-haves because Korean people tend to think they are something they can get anytime and anywhere if desired, had it not been for the fact that those items are unwanted due to their familiarity. Nonetheless, an urge to buy one of the souvenirs was felt because of being familiar does not mean including in possession! Korea-smelling souvenirs! The view of the street on the way to hanbok shop. Restaurant and cafe menus were all Korean. After renting a full hanbok set, an eye-catching sight was spotted on the way to Bukchon Hanok Village: signs of foreign stores with names written in Korean. At first, it was hard to believe what was being seen, because the names such as Baskin Robins or Starbucks is never written in Korean, but only in English in every corner of Korea except the Sejong Road (in respect to the king who created hangul, or Korean). It all looked very awkward and weird at first, but after a moment of staring, things came to make sense because of the traditional hanok that started to show themselves. The hanok village is one of the few places in the entire country that stands proud for its preservation of Korea’s tradition. Having said this, it would be ironic if the names were still written in a foreign language. More and more hanok were seen and the excitement grew and grew. Baskin Robins and Starbucks were written in Korean on the way to Hanok Village. Even souvenir shops and cafes resembeled hanok. The idea of hanok was not that novel, but what truly fascinated me was the scene of combining the past and present. The picture of hanok may always be there in a Korean’s mind, as it is too prevailing to forget. However, the traditional building amid the modern ones was a different story. There were cars and motorcycles passing by, modern constructions neighboring, and a traditional hanok standing. This mixture of present and past scenery was unprecedented. As a contemporary person of this developed society, standing in the area full of tradition wearing the traditional dress was an odd feeling. It was as if time was switching gears uncontrollably. Originally thinking that hanbok and hanok are too conventional to be interesting, today’s experience was a new lesson. One’s tradition and culture could be boring and unexciting, but do not lose the preciousness because of familiarity. Sometimes paying a visit to somewhere conventional, accustomed, and ordinary could teach some valuable lessons and awaken one to be aware of things that are buried deep in consciousness. One of the greatest aspects of Bukchon Hanok Village is perhaps that it combines the contemporary and the traditional color of Korea in one sight. It was nice to be reminded of the beauty of Korea’s tradition and the sensation derived from pondering upon the view. This hanok in isolation was fenced by a traditional wall. Going up the hill, rows of hanok were seen, with some non-traditional buildings. Wonder how it feels to live in a hanok! How about a souvenir? Time to return the hanbok! Jeon Chae-yun Photos by Jeon Chae-yun

2017-10 23

[Special]The Fastest, Oldest, and Gravest!

What adjective can describe Korea the most fittingly? Perhaps, one can argue it would be the word fast. On the surface of Korean society, some clues are shown to account for this argument: fast delivery, fast internet speed, fast drivers and walkers, fast development of technology, and fast working speed. Korea is especially remarked for its incredible economic growth rate over the past four decades, becoming the only country to overturn its state from a beneficiary to a donor. However, unfortunately, the adjective does not only apply in positive aspects but also in a negative direction as well: Korean society is aging at a rapid pace! What’s going on? By 2060, 40.1 percent of Korean population will be 65 or older, thus becoming a post-aged society. (Photo courtesy of The Korean Herald) According to the census conducted in 2017, Korea’s population reached 51 million with the population growth rate of 0.5 percent and the birth rate of 0.83 percent—153rd and 220th in world comparison, respectively. In contrast to this strikingly low rate of population growth, the nation’s life expectancy seems to get higher, currently averaging to 82.4 years, due to technological development enhancing medical field. This is accompanied by low death rate, counting six deaths per every 1000 population. What do these data suggest? Korea is only getting older and there are no signs of population growth in the future. The significantly low birth-rate and the increasing life span play a big role in changing the demographic structure drastically, possibly bringing up the median age of Korean society from 41.2 to 52.6 in a couple of decades. Analysis based on statistics revealed that after the population peaking at 52 million in 2030, it will start to fall from then. More alarmingly, more than half of Koreans will be older than 52 in 2040 and people aged 65 or older will make up 40.1 percent of total population in 2060. Korea is evidently on the brink of transforming from the aging society to an aged society fast! The fence or the ambulance? So why is Korea having such problem? What is the root cause? In a word, all this situation could be blamed to the low birth-rate, which plays the biggest role in shaping the demography and in navigating the future of Korean society. Why do young generation so often refuse to get married and have children? In the past, when Korea was going through a big economic development, there seemed to be far broader range of opportunities for people to make a living because the competition was not as fierce as it is today, and the blue ocean was somehow greater. As Korea entered the phase of stable development, however, the quality of life has greatly increased, and people began competing for what is better and the best. The culprit for this phenomenon, I believe, is ambiguous. It is true that due to societal factors such as financial stability and promising occupation, people are either convinced or deterred to get marriage or have children. But is it really the fault of these factors that people are looking away from the possibility of marriage and reproduction? Frankly speaking, the real reason is because people are ambitious. In the past, just as much as there were opportunities for people to become successful, there were difficulties and risks in having numerous children and raising them but people still went through the hardship. Can this mean being not “rich enough” to have children is just an excuse to avoid the duty? In other words, other than societal factors such as unemployment and unstable income, a lot of people refuse to have children is because of their ambition. In this fierce society, people are full of goals and strive to achieve them as much as they can. Maintaining livelihood has become a difficult task today, thus people will not be favorable to any factor that could get on th way. Realistically speaking, the duty of taking care of children and raising them came to be regarded as one of those factors, due to a large amount of time and money required in doing so. Though it is not completely impossible to consider the option of having a family, people view it as something burdensome and try to avoid it for themselves. The society today have turned people into reality-oriented thinkers! This illustration connotes greed that is never satisfied. (Photo courtesy of Jeon Chae-yun

2017-09 18

[Special]Lounges, Where Are They?

Every student of Hanyang University (HYU) might want to pay attention to what this article is about to unfold: the collection of lounges throughout the campus. There seems to be a lot of students who do not know what to do during their not-too-long but not-too-short time between classes. For those who need a place to pass their time before their next class, for those who think cafes are too loud and libraries too suffocating to lock themselves for assignments and studying, and for those who are tired--consider the following options! Rest & Information 501- Paiknam Library; 701- HIT building Located on the first floor of the Paiknam Library, the Lee Jong-hun Lounge awaits students with open arms. Accommodating divided spaces for group projects, rows of desktops, mini cinemas, and big open spaces with various shapes of chairs and desks, students are free to use the facilities as they please. DVD CD’s can be rented if a student brings the CD case from the shelf and presents his or her student ID card at the renting desk. Those who need to write a paper could do so on the desktop, and those who want to read could pick out a book from the shelf or even go upstairs and borrow a book and read it in the lounge. Do not miss the piano by the window with headphones waiting for those who want to enjoy music! Divided spaces and desktops are next to each other. (Photo courtesy of Paiknam) Eight mini cinemas and a DVD CD room are next to each other. (Photo courtesy of Paiknam) A big, open space with sofas and an undivided table are in one area, with a piano by the window. (Photo courtesy of Paiknam) Just behind Paiknam, HIT (Hanyang Institute of Technology) building offers two lounges: HIT Lounge and Yang Min-yong Lounge. Located in the lobby of the HIT building, the Lounge displays innovative products and inventions created by students and others and VR (virtual reality) machines. Students could try the VR device; please make sure to put on the face mask! Taking up some space by the wall are an exhibition of figures made with 3D printers. Figures made with the 3D printer and the VR experiencing machines are available. Inventions made by students are displayed. Moving on, to the left of HIT Lounge, Yang Min-yong Lounge welcomes its visitors. Providing students with spaces to work, either individually, or as a group, the open space with a window-walled lounge gives warmth to the students who come. The inner part of the lounge, divided into the A,B,C,D zones (Action, Bridge, Challenge, and Design, respectively) allows students to have consultation with counselors of various corporations and obtain information about employment. Different shapes and sizes of tables and chairs are arranged. ABCD zones are in order. Alone & Together 212- Engineering Building 1 Going over the hill into the Engineering Building 1, Noh Young-baek Lounge is situated on the first floor of the building. Those working on a group project or looking for a comfortable space to read with their shoes off--this place is ideal. Harboring divided spaces with the tables for multiple people, Noh Young-baek Lounge looks like a perfect place for group projects and discussions. In addition, when not only your mood feels suffocating but also your feet feel the same, give them some break in this lounge. The staired space in the innermost part of the lounge allows students to relax with their shoes off, even lying down if desired. Groups of students are studying together, while some others are reading individually with their shoes off. Art & Technology 208- Fusion Tech Center Chung Seung-il Arts Space is a space presenting the harmony of art and technology, as its name indicates. Located on the first floor of the Fusion Tech Center, the lounge provides an open space for students to chill out and chat. The sun-embraced space harbors round tables and chairs, parasoled tables, and the individual research room. The big window creates a warm, bright mood. Business & Global 706- Business Building; 108- International Building Next, going to the Business building, there is the Shinhan Lounge on the second floor. Featuring group study rooms, debate rooms, and a reading room, the lounge offers more of a quiet and focused mood for those who need to get down to business with their assignments and study. If there is no space in the Paiknam Library, Shinhan Lounge could be another option. Lastly, entering the International Building, the Global Lounge is the first thing in sight. Fitting to its name, the lounge has a walled-time of various countries, with each time fixed on the spot of the corresponding country. As one big open space, no privacy is guaranteed but students could get together and work on their tasks, either individually or together. Both international and Korean students can be seen in the lounge, using multiple languages. The time-map wall and several different languages make the Global Lounge more global! The open space of Shinhan Lounge outside the study reading room. Small and big tables and sofas are in the Global Lounge. Coming Soon Yet to be constructed are the Hanyang Startup Town and the Hanyang Theater, each located in front of the HIT building at the back of the Olympic Gymnasium, respectively. Both are currently under construction, which are planned to be finished in October this year. Their names indicate new and different places from the lounges previously mentioned! See you in October! If you are wandering around because you do not know where to kill some time, or if you want to take a break before your next class, visit one of these lounges. They are perfect for resting, studying, and working on group projects. What better places are there than lounges when you have an hour or two on campus. Jeon Chae-yun Photos by Oh Sang-hoon, Choi Min-ju Design by O Chae-won

2017-09 11

[Special][Op-ed] Do Not Judge a Book by Its Cover

While walking down the streets in Gangnam, one of the biggest districts in Seoul, it takes no effort to find women with bandages all over their faces and around their heads, completing the look with sunglasses attempting to cover the fresh bruises and swellings. What happened to them? Certainly not a traffic accident, as indicated by their intact body--plastic surgery is what happened. Then the question is, why would they get plastic surgery? Obviously, because they want to be “prettier.” Beauty and charm are considered absolute in Korean society where lookism predominates and overrules all other supposedly more valuable factors. Let us zoom the issue in. The social norms: are you pretty enough? Is lookism bad? Or is it justifiable? Some people argue that it is next to impossible to deny lookism because being attracted to beautiful things and people is an instinctive tendency that everyone has, no matter how hard they try to deny. Others, on the contrary, assert that it is an unfair and inexcusable revolver that massacres those who are not “lucky enough.” It is almost an accepted, yet unspoken fact that attractive, good looking people have small and big perks in Korean society. “When I was a teenager, my teacher used to indoctrinate me that the only way for me to become successful is to enter one of the top universities. However, even after graduating from one of the most prestigious universities in Korea, I was nowhere near successful,” revealed Park Ji-sun, a famous female comedian. “Dear teacher, the answers were right in my face, not in the books!” added Park. This confession was made during one of her shows, which seem to be highly related to lookism. What she meant is that her success was achieved through becoming a comedian, far from studying, because her humor comes from her face. This made a lot of people laugh, instead of puzzled. "My high school teacher emphasized studying hard exclusively to me." (Photo courtesy of breaknews) ‘You need to study hard because you are not good looking’ is something that most people would nod to without negating. Could this be interpreted that those who are deemed unattractive need to be superior in academic achievements because they are “inferior” or behind the game than the others in the race of being handsome or pretty? ‘Same clothes, different look’, ‘the finishing touch to a look is a good-looking face’, ‘worth the face’, ‘it’s okay because they are handsome or pretty’, or ‘appearance is competence’ are all lookism-rooted sayings that people accept as facts in Korea. An article from 2015 reported that a 17 year old girl committed suicide because she had too many insecurities about her appearance, not to mention others that report school bullying is based on lookism, as well as workplace bullying. “Why is she dating him? Oh, maybe he is rich.” is a common logic applied to a couple behind their back when one of the two is judged to be better looking than the other. From an unidentified moment, Korea became a place where everything is evaluated essentially by how it looks on the outside. Where is all this leading to? Lookism plays a major role in school bullying. (Photo courtery of sedaily) Yes pain no gain As some people argue, lookism is undeniable—perhaps, it is something that everyone is aware of but is afraid to go against, because they have all accorded to it before, either consciously or unconsciously, or it is too true to deny. Under societal pressure, one may come to the point where plastic surgery is obligatory. Without plastic surgery, an “unattractive” person may be discriminated and be marked as inferior, or even be criticized if worse. But the thing is, getting plastic surgery would not let that person escape from criticism because plastic surgery is another perfect element for further criticism. The word sung-gwe is a newly coined term referring to those who had too much plastic surgery, often resulting in a face that looks exactly the same. Nonetheless, people choose to go through all the physical and mental pain, only to have more criticism waiting for them. A famous illustration of sung-gwe, implying that they look like clones. (Photo courtesy of timeforum) Plastic surgery clinics are seen in a cluster. (Photo courtesy of sportschosun) There may not be a clever solution for lookism besides the cliché “love yourself” or “inside is what matters the most.” People consider them as meaningless clichés and do not realize the changes they could bring into their lives if taken into account. Rather than changing the outside, reforming the inside would be much more effective. This could sound too optimistic and idealistic because we all secretly admit that lookism may be inevitable. With no choice, appearance could be a means of happiness. However, it should never be the means to misery. Being ugly, going through plastic surgery, being fat, being different are all targets of negative eyes in a lookism-oriented society. Then, what is the use of trying so hard to cram oneself into the fixed standard of beauty and succumbing to the society’s invisible but present demand? What is the honest reason for getting plastic surgery? (Photo courtesy of ohmynews) Jeon Chae-yun

2017-07 03

[Special]From Fashionable to Affordable

Ubiquitous, affordable, and trendy are the most suitable terms to describe Korean beauty shops and their products. It is no secret that Korea is outrunning its competitors in the global beauty market, with both its domestic and global popularity skyrocketing as new products are introduced by various brands. The so-called “road-shops” in Korea (because they are on roads) are easily found in the country. From numerous brands, road-shops are stocked with beauty items that are reasonably priced. From being accessible to affordable, K-beauty brands are seeing continuous growth in their sales in the global market. Brands and trends Famous Korean mid-range beauty brands. (Photo courtesy of Etude House, Tonymoly, Innisfree, Missha, The Face Shop, Nature Republic, Skin Food, and Holika Holika are all famous and popular cosmetic brands in Korea. Each brand boasts its own series of beauty products, loved not just for the products themselves but because of their eye-catching, likeable packaging. Korean beauty brands have also gained recognition for their innovative formulas, ingredients, and manufacturing processes. On top of all these, the sophisticated and demanding customers in the local Korean market have also been one of the major drivers. The facets aforementioned push K-beauty brands way ahead of the game, differentiating them from other international beauty brands and even in the highly competitive beauty market. The short product development cycle compared with the international players helps Korean beauty brands respond more quickly to evolving customer demands and trends. Innovation in product development is driven in part by the heavy investment in research and development. Mid-range beauty brands also has an impact on its domestic aspect. Since it is very accessible and affordable, young students, ranging from elementary to high school students can also be the tarketed customers. This has lowered an entry barrier to cosmetics, teenagers showing scorching interest in makeup products and makeup trend. The outcome was the so-called “student makeup” which is basically makeup style worn by teenage students. Examples of unique packaging of K-beauty products. (Photo courtesy of Shop to shop, country to country Even though there are an increasing number of Korean beauty brand shops abroad, an influx of tourists is visiting Korea with the main interest of shopping for beauty products. Myeongdong and Ewha Woman’s University shopping street are the two most famous places to shop for cosmetic products, since virtually all brands of beauty stores are lining up in the street. Makeup lovers from various countries fly over to Korea and satisfy their beauty appetite with mid-range beauty products. Beauty brands in a row in Myeongdong (Photo courtesy of Road-shops in a line in Ewha Woman's University street (Photo courtesy of Floating on the wave of K-beauty, the mid-range beauty brands are emerging as a rising star in the world’s beauty market and finding overseas niche to meet the foreign demands as well. Just as K-pop and Hallyu is giveing quite of a cultural influence in the global stage, Korean beauty brands and the K-beauty trend is becoming increasingly popular and is being spotlighted in the makeup empire. Makeup trends of Korea, partly established by K-pop celebrities, idols’ fashion, and partly formed by beauty brands, are gaining popularity as Korean culture is further promoted overseas. Travellers from overseas purchasing dozens of K-beauty products (Photo courtesy of LookMazing) Jeon Chae-yun

2017-03 13 Important News

[Special]Korea’s Delivery Service

A peaceful, relaxing Sunday afternoon at home seems perfect, until one’s stomach suddenly growls for survival. At this moment, it is only natural to not want to get up and cook a meal, but it is also impossible to ignore the call coming from one's stomach. From grocery shopping, cooking and then cleaning up afterwards, it could be a real hassle to make one’s own meal. Perhaps all these things are simply unaffordable due to one's busy life. In Korea, a convenient option for these circumstances exists: food delivery service. The metal box and motorcycle Korea, a historically agricultural nation, regarded food highly and followed strict table manners from days past. On top of this, Confucian teachings taught not to carry food or even lift them off the table. This may sound contradictory, as Korea is often dubbed as the “baedal minjok,” or delivery nation when translation. The trend first began around the middle of the twentieth century with the introduction of Chinese food and portable military food supply from America during times of war. Jjajang-myun is the most classic delivery food that set this trend in motion. Jjajang-myun (black bean sauce noodles) is the pioneer of delivery food. (Photo courtesy of On the streets, in front of personal or franchise restaurants and in parking lots, delivery motorcycles with a metal box attached to its back can easily be found. Almost all food delivery is done with a motorcycle, not a car, to increase time and fuel efficiency. The diversity of food being delivered has greatly increased, literally, to include any menu item. Most restaurants today offer delivery service in an attempt to boost their competency, and, thus, not fall behind on the trend. A deliverer is holding a metal box saying "quick delivery." (Photo courtesy of Delivery and culture The delivery culture does not only bring convenience and advantages to people's lives but also it fosters an enjoyable and conventional culture. Most typically, the picnic culture has grown hand-in-hand with the delivery culture. Clement weather equates to picnic day usually at parks with friends, family, or significant others. Either hand packaged or delivery food is accompanied to the picnic, with the majority opting for the latter. The most popular picnic site in Seoul is Han River park, with the most frequently chosen menu being fried chicken and beer as its partner. “Chimaek” is a recently coined term referring to chicken and beer, and this word is incredibly often linked with another word, “Hangang,” Han River. A blogger's picture of chimaek along Han River. (Photo courtesy of In addition, another trend has formed as a result of the flourishing delivery food service: late-night meals. Born together is yet another newly coined term “yashik,” meaning late-night food. Since food can be obtained with zero effort at anytime, people began to enjoy food late at night, usually after getting home from work. Lying on the sofa and watching television, it is tempting to reach for the phone and dial a number to order some food to satisfy the puckish belly. Apparently, more than just a few people feel this desire at night, eventually giving rise to yashik culture which was happily consummated by the delivery culture. Famous delivery applications on smartphones. (Photo courtesy of To further make it easier and handy, food delivery applications has entered the picture. With a smartphone at hand, one can painlessly skim through all the menus and prices of food available and that are ready to order and enjoy anytime and anywhere. School, the park, office, home, hospital, even at the beach, delivery food reaches every corner of the country and is a big part of the culture today. Jeon Chae-yun

2017-02 13

[Special]A Typical Day at School During Winter Break

On a typical Thursday during winter vacation, the campus seems quite empty and idle on the surface. As It turned out, beneath it were some bustling Hanyangians working on their own tasks. Taking a glimpse into their schedules, it was clear that students were spending their break being occupied by various duties and responsibilities. News H this week brought few students’ stories about their life during this winter break. As student council officers Park Yun-dong (English Language and Literature, 2nd year) and Ko Ga-yeon (English Language and Literature, 2nd year) are the president and vice president of their major and are therefore in charge of assisting numerous events and activities. Attending weekly meetings held among the student council members of the department, school affairs seem to lie at the center of their vacation. Their main objectives are to outline programs for the two-nights-three-days bonding camp for the freshmen, increase the number of convenient facilities in the basement room, and plan for upcoming back-to-school events. “Doing what I’m delegated to keeps me busy enough. Giving myself more time to focus on my personal concerns would be too overwhelming. As the president, I don’t want to fail anybody!” exclaimed Park. Park (left) and Ko (right) are planning upcoming back-to-school events. As seniors At the café near the outdoor theater, a group of three were putting their heads together, working on a task with flaming devotion. It turned out that they are seniors at the Department of Mechanical Engineering, trying to get their graduation thesis finished. They unfolded their achievements of the past two months during the break, most of which were heavily related to academics and career-building: taking official exams, preparing for graduate school, and looking for jobs. It was evident that the three had no spare time to invest in enjoyable, relaxing activities. They are all ready to graduate and step into the bigger society. Kim Jae-yoon, Kim Tae-wan, and Lee Gun-woo (left to right) are working on their graduation thesis with ardor. As a band member Alone in the practice room of the club Dasalnolae was an electronic guitarist Heo Ji-min (Department of Chinese Language and Literature, 2nd year), rehearsing a song to be performed at the freshmen bonding camp. Dasalnolae is a band club in the College of Humanities, performing at events like camps and school festivals. The nearest performance is going to be at the camp aforementioned, possibly attracting new recruiters. “I come to school more than three times a week to practice. The song I was just practicing is Uptown Funk, which is one of the songs we are performing in less than two weeks. I am actually the captain of the electronic guitar team, so it's only natural that I practice more. I guess during this break I didn't do anything much besides coming to school for music practice,” recalled Heo. Heo comes to school more than three times a week to practice. As a graduate student A graduate student couple from the Department of Earth Resources and Environmental Engineering were near the Hanyang Plaza, on their way to grab a bite to eat during lunch break. Eldalatony Marwa is currently studying to get her doctorate degree, while her husband El-Sayed Salama had already achieved the same goal. As full-time student and researcher, they are required to come to school every day to carry out experiments, rendering their vacation virtually nonexistent. “Although we would like to go on trips, we obviously can’t. We still manage to visit places nearby, like Namie Island or even to Busan during weekends. I’m eagerly looking forward to getting my doctorate degree this June,” remarked Marwa. El-Sayed (left) and Marwa (right) goes to their laboratory everyday. As individual students Enjoying hot coffee and cordially conversing, Kim Jae-hyun (Bio-Engineering Major, 3rd year) and Kim Jae-yoon (Department of History, 1st year) were in a café in the Humanities Building. When asked why they came to school during vacation, they simply answered they wanted to hang out since they hadn't seen each other for a while. Jae-hyun is currently taking a year off because he wants to focus on his personal studies aside from school work. His goal is to become a prominent pharmacy researcher. On the other hand, Jae-yoon just returned from military service and is ready to return to school this semester. He made the big decision to reregister as a first-year student, although he was to be a sophomore this year. Jae-yoon wasn't content with his achievements during his first year, which is why he wants to start over and put more effort into academic work. Jae-yoon (left) and Jae-hyun (right) are talking about their school plans. Jeon Chae-yun Photos by Moon Ha-na

2017-02 06

[Special]Genealogy of Korean Surnames

A family tree of genealogy is a record of the totality of one’s ancestors from its originators to recent times by connecting numerous family units. It structures a family history where relations by blood and other factors are depicted in a systematic way, including personal details of family members. With a relatively high interest in family histories by the general public, Korea has the highest number of preserved genealogical records in the world. Being called 'jokbo', the genealogical table of Korea has been well preserved and stored by the Korean Ministry of Information and Communication to complete and smoothen the understanding and the holistic picture of its contents. Genealogical record of the Yoo family. (Photo courtesy of The Academy of Korean Studies) History of genealogy Reflecting Chinese influence of using its characters, Korean ancestors had adopted the use of Chinese letters for their family names since the Era of the Three Kingdoms. The very first family name of Korean history is recorded to be 'Go' (or 'Ko'), borne by the founder of the nation Goguryeo, Jumong. Conceivably, the king acquired his surname from the first letter of the country, all three letters in which were written in Chinese. Forerunners of history obtained their surnames in the identical manner, picking up a letter from words that has relevance to their lives or that holds personal meanings. For instance, the exceedingly dominant last name of Korea, Kim, came to its being through King Suro, who was said to be born in a golden egg—the Chinese character for Kim means gold. As it was the initial stage of family-name-system endorsement, people without surnames surpassed those with one in number during the Era of the Three States. Each nation had its indigenous surnames, differing in its formation and origin. According to the method aforementioned, people very often derived their surnames from the location of their habitation: a man who lived in Kangsu will have Kang as his family name. Genealogical database Ten of most common surnames in Korea. Collecting the scattered genealogical records from all over the country and arranging it in a database system could benefit both the scholars and and the general Korean public. Academically, it will help strengthen the foundation of the Korean discipline and expand its horizon with the wealth of diverse raw data it can provide for its studies. Additionally, by Koreanizing the genealogical data that is currently recorded in Chinese, making it more accessible, the general population will gain more interest in this subject. According to a census in 1997, there exists 287 different family names in Korea, all of which descended from different backgrounds and origins. Although not mainstream, a number of Korean surnames such as Kyo, Keun, Myo, Sam, Jeo, and Jeup exist, while most dominant groups are ranked as shown in the chart. Jeon Chae-yun

2017-01 23 Important News

[Special]Representations of Hanyang

The word 'Hanyang' can be linked up with various objects and ideas: lion, Korean forsythia, the color blue, the founding philosophy, 'Love in Deed and Truth', the slogan, 'the Engine of Korea' and more. Commingling sundry representations and symbolic images together, the symbol and the character of Hanyang University play a major role in establishing the identity of Hanyang more distinctly and uniquely as a university. Underneath the character mark lies the designers of the Hanyang logo- the Design Management Center, which has been managing the symbol of HYU, and Kim Yoon-shik (Department of Visual Package Design, '07), who designed the logo of Hanyang that resembles a lion’s face. Additionally, Jang Dae-jin (Department of Advertising and Public Relations, 4th year) has sketched buildings of our campus and produced them into postcards, which are distributed at occasional events by the admission office or the promotion team. The evolution of Hanyang’s logo A symbol of a university portrays the school’s identity, vision, and tradition, which altogether represents the university itself. It greatly contributes to formation of University Identity—the symbol mark and the logotype—that summarizes the overall characteristics and values of the school. The Design Management Center has been in charge of designing and managing the logo of Hanyang University since its establishment in 2005, ultimately aspiring to make Hanyang a brand and increase the competitiveness of the university. The center not only plans and manages Brand Hanyang, but also navigates the application of the University Identity, arranges school events, and consults promotional images of the school. The logo of Hanyang University has gone through three major changes, adding additional meanings in each phase. The first stage of the logo includes the word Hanyang in Korean, framed by the Chinese character meaning ‘head’ and ‘big’. At this stage, the logo failed to contain more of the school’s philosophical aspects, which necessitated the second logo to be more comprehensive. Commemorating the 37th anniversary of the school’s establishment, the symbol contained the school’s founding philosophy, the founding year, and the symbolic flower. The overall shape of the symbol evolved to be round, indicating an active campus. At last, the newest logo was formed in 2009, on monumentalizing the 70th anniversary of Hanyang's founding. The new version took the implication of the logo to the next level: the round shape symbolized Hanyang’s embracing love towards mankind, and the letter 'Hanyang University' on top connotates Hanyangians’ direction towards the global stage. Logos are visual images of the school's values, philosophy, and purpose. (Photos courtesy of the Design Management Center) From creativity to innovation Another form of Hanyang’s logo was designed by Kim Yoon-shik in 2011, exhibiting the word 'Hanyang' in Korean as a lateral view of a lion’s face. Kim, as the vice president of his department, was given the duty of sketching the design of the department’s flag. He started out with a determination that the lion image must be included. Then coming across a similar idea of his senior’s, he differentiated and designed a lion’s face with the word 'Hanyang' in Korean. Receiving rounds of applause for his work, Kim was offered to expand the usage of his logo, eventually rendering it the school’s official symbol. “I was simply honored and thankful that my design was regarded with such dignity. I intended to use Korean letters to create this design, hoping to enlarge the language’s scope in artistic domains. One thing I hope is to not set a restriction on designing other schools’ symbols by using Korean letters, simply because our school already made a preceding one. Nonetheless, I made the lion’s facial expression appear fierce and spirited, to indicate Hanyang’s vigorous and strong pride,” remarked Kim. Kim's design of Hanyang symbol. (Photo courtesy of Hanyang University) Views of Hanyang on postcards On top of the cherished symbols, Jang Dae-jin also contributed to Hanyang’s promotional aspects, sketching various views of the university’s buildings and producing them as postcards. He filled his notebook page by page in his spare time during his military service and sent it to the school’s promotional team, which selected a number of them and turn them into postcards. Jang’s drawings not only show his love for Hanyang University, but also manifests his passion for drawing as an urban sketcher. Jang possesses incredible drawing skills, which he hopes to use as a driving force toward his ultimate goal- to promote the beauty of Korea abroad and to draw many different cities worldwide in his notebook. Postcards of Jang's sketches portray the Hanyang campus. (Photo courtesy of Jang) Jeon Chae-yun