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2020-02 01

[Special]Startup Support Foundation Hosts 247 Startup Dome Demo Day

Hanyang University’s Startup Support Foundation hosted its biannual 247 Startup Dome Demo Day on January 31st at the Di Nozze Convention Center in Wangsimni. This year, 19 teams presented their startup’s progress during the past year and their business strategy for the future in front of professors and fellow dorm mates. Startups of various fields attended the day’s event including apparel, education, healthcare, and mobile applications. Teams were given ten minutes to pitch and answer questions from the audience during the 247 Startup Dorm Demo Day. The 247 Startup Dorm is a dormitory for young entrepreneurs who want to start their own business located on the fifth floor of the first Student Residence Hall in Hanyang University’s Seoul Campus. The dormitory is managed by the Startup Support Foundation and is comprised of three-person dormitories, a co-working space, and meeting rooms. Students selected by the foundation get to reside in the dormitory as they are offered a room, a chance to attend startup classes, and receive exclusive mentoring by specialists. Teams can stay in the dormitory for a period of two years. The name 247 symbolizes the 24 hours a day, seven days a week spent by young entrepreneurs in order to build their businesses. Choi Jong-bong (Department of Biomedical Engineering, Doctoral Program) is the CEO of AIMD (Artificial Intelligence Medical Device) Inc., a startup that designs medical equipment. “Being in an environment surrounded by people building startups creates synergy in itself,” said Choi Jong-bong (Department of Biomedical Engineering, Doctoral Program), the CEO of AIMD (Artificial Intelligence Medical Device) Inc., a medical equipment startup that designs a laryngoscope which uses artificial intelligence to assist in the process of respiratory tract insertion within patients. “The dormitory also allows us to save time on traveling, allowing us to take systematic action.” AIMD has already developed its product and is waiting to introduce it to the market. The company’s initial goal of achieving sales of eight billion won still stands, and AIMD seeks to sell its product in the global market in the future. Choi Moon-jo (Department of Physics, 4th year) is the CEO of Maronmav, an online education platform that offers computer coding classes. On the other hand, Choi Moon-jo (Department of Physics, 4th year), the CEO of Maronmav, an online education platform that offers computer coding classes, said that the mentoring support offered by the 247 Startup Dorm was important in that there were designated professors who would be in charge of their business who were able to have a deep understanding of the startup. “It is important to get a chance to be absorbed in one’s work,” said Choi. “I liked the fact that we were able to work even after a day’s work at the office. We didn’t have an office at first, and the dorm became our office, a garage for our garage startup.” Maronmav has met its 2019 goal of capturing 8 percent of the engineering education maker market and offers its platform to around 300 schools. Today's pitch was Maronmav’s last presentation as a member of the 247 Startup Dorm because the company’s two-year contract is near its end. The company plans on expanding its business to three additional developing countries and raise its market dominance in Korea's education sector to 20 percent. “Other than the 247 Startup Dorm, there are programs within the school for improving students’ competence in the startup environment like systematic startup education, various training and networking programs, and infrastructures,” said Ryoo Chang-wan, the head of the Startup Support Foundation. “We would like for individuals to actively use these programs according to their current situation and goals.” The Startup Support Foundation plans on promoting autonomous student councils to create seminars and special lectures by former dorm residents that have graduated. The foundation also plans on expanding its global startup mentoring group that was limited to the Silicon Valley in California, United States, to China and Vietnam starting in February. This expansion will allow students to get hands-on experience in locations regarded as startup hotspots. Jung Myung-suk kenj3636@hanyang.ac.kr Photos by Lee Hyeon-seon

2020-01 22

[Special]The Relationship Between Birth Control and Women’s Rights

Contrary to Korea’s rapid development that thrusted the country from a war-ridden land to a leading nation of the information technology sector, many people have expressed concern over the conservative culture of the hermit kingdom which has yet to follow its development. Sex and birth control are subjects of taboo—which have been regarded as things to be discussed behind closed doors. However, Kim Sun-hyung (School of Nursing, Master's Program) sees them as directly related to human health, which should be understood by both genders. In her recent book, We Don’t Know Birth Control examines these issues with an introduction to the history of birth control, the various methods of contraception, and women’s rights. Kim Sun-hyung (School of Nursing, Master's Program) worked as a nurse for 10 years before she became an editor for the book publishing company Param. “There are many diseases and difficulties regarding pregnancy, and many people express concern over having no choice but to give birth,” said Kim. “I think that bringing these issues out can improve society. Throwing away the humiliation that comes from this topic will make people take an active role in taking care of their health.” Working as a nurse for 10 years, Kim has seen many women in various stages of life. Teenagers, pregnant women, housewives and working mothers would lay down their worries to Kim and talk of their real-life issues. Kim was interested about how their lives and relationships with their families affect the society, which was why she started writing her book. Kim's We Don’t Know Birth Control published by Param (Photo courtesy of Param) The earliest records of birth control date back to the ancient Mesopotamian and Egyptian eras in 1850 BC. These records show that there were birth control methods that placed honey, acacia leaves, and crocodile dung in the vagina. At the time, people thought it would block sperm from entering the womb. On the other hand, the most widely used contraceptive device, condoms, were invented in the early 18th century. Unlike today’s latex condoms, they were at first made of linen or the intestines of young sheep. Thanks to Charles Goodyear’s invention of vulcanized rubber in 1844, its mass production become possible, which offered a cheap and safe solution to safe sex that is used to this day. There are other contraceptive methods such as birth pills and chemical shots. However, Kim said that people should always stay on the safe side by using condoms or female condoms with an additional birth control method when they have sex. She added that wearing a condom or a female condom is especially important because creating a physical barrier between sexual organs is the only way to prevent sexually transmitted diseases (STD) such as the human immunodeficiency virus infection (HIV). Kim now works at Param as an editor. She writes and translates books on women's health and human rights. Shifting to the topic of women’s rights and the ban on birth control, the author introduced a revolutionary incident that became a landmark for contraception and the rights of women. Griswold v. Connecticut was a 1965 case about the access to contraception in Connecticut, United States. Before the trial, Connecticut law prohibited anyone from using "any drug, medicinal article or instrument for the purpose of preventing conception." The Supreme Court invalidated the law as a violation to the right to marital privacy, which established a basis for the right to privacy with respect to intimate practices. Putting contraception in line with privacy enabled women to take care of themselves, allowing them to be in charge of their own bodies. “The right to reproduce and the right to choose for oneself are consequently the freedom not to give birth and the freedom to decide for themselves,” said Kim. “We need to recognize these things: ‘I have these rights,’ ‘I have the right to stay healthy,’ and ‘preventing conception is also my right.’ In a way, this is an act that takes responsible for ‘me’ in the future.” click to order a copy of We Don’t Know Birth Control Jung Myung-suk kenj3636@hanyang.ac.kr Photos by Lee Hyeon-seon Design by Oh Chae-won

2020-01 18

[Special]Hanyang University’s Members-Only Bank That Seeks to Help Students Financially

Pursuing higher education can be quite challenging for college students, especially for people who are having difficulties making ends meet. According to a 2019 report by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) on education, tuition fees in independent private tertiary institutions were on average $8,760 for bachelor degree programs per year, placing Korea in fourth place among OECD countries with the highest tuition fees. Hanyang University’s Kidaribank, a members-only bank that is run by students, seeks to alleviate financial pressure by offering quick loans, education, and various services to Hanyang University students. Founded in 2015, Kidaribank has 20 to 30 executives and around 235 members. The organization is not an ordinary bank, as it is actually a club that offers loaning services exclusively to Hanyang University students. Kidaribank also does not require background checks or financial statements from clients when they grant loans. Instead, collateral is based on the status of the loaner as a Hanyang University student, and the plans they submit on how the money will be used. Kidaribank seeks to create an impact on society as members are not only offered financial support, but are also educated on financial management and other highly-sought-after job skills, such as Microsoft Excel and the programming language R that will help them become financially independent. Kidaribank’s official logo (Photo courtesy of Lee) In order to become a Kidaribank member, applicants must friend the bank on Kakao Talk’s Plus Friend and submit their information. Regardless of nationality or financial status, one can become a member as long as they are currently enrolled in Hanyang University or are taking a leave of absence (visiting students from other universities are not eligible). Members are required to make a minimum investment of 10,000 won ($8.6). The money invested reflects how much a member can loan from the bank, with the maximum loan being 10 times the amount that the member invested in the bank. Kidaribank currently offers one fund called ‘short-dari,’ which means short legs in Korean (the opposite of kidari, long legs). The fund lends members a maximum of 300,000 won and is without interest. However, members are given the chance to donate an ‘autonomous interest,’ a policy in line with the bank’s objective to create social impact that seeks to help students financially. (From left) The chairman of the board of directors Lee Jae-hyuk (Department of Sociology, 3rd year) and a former chairman of the board of directors Kim Min-jae (Department of Financial Management, 4th year) of Kidaribank In order to apply for the loan, members need to download the application at the Kidaribank Kakao Talk page, fill it out, and send it to shortdarifund@gmail.com. The application is currently offered in Korean, but one can chat with an executive through the Kidaribank Kakao Talk chat room, who will then offer assistance in filling out the form. Once the application is submitted, applicants will be evaluated non-face-to-face, based on the applicant’s plans on how the loan will be used. After this step, applicants will be interviewed by an executive, face-to-face. During this interview, new members will be also educated on their newfound status as a member. Loans can take up to a week and are to be paid back in six months. Overdue payments have a penalty of 1,000 won per month. “What Kidaribank really wants to do is to not only lend people 300,000 won, but to also promote the idea that this place creates social value by lending this money to Hanyang University students,” said Lee Jae-hyuk (Department of Sociology, 3rd year), the chairman of the board of directors of Kidaribank. “Not only do we offer loaning services such as the short-dari fund, but we also offer financial management classes, late-night snack give-outs, and education classes on Excel, stock exchange, or R programming to members.” Kidaribank has also collaborated with companies such as Kakao and the National Credit Union Federation of Korea (NACUFOK). Through these memorandums of understandings, Kidaribank has offered installment savings programs with guest lectures with the objective to help members achieve their dreams. Starting in 2020, Kidaribank plans on offering loans for monthly rent and a ‘quick-dari fund’ that simplifies the process of applying for a loan and shortens the timespan between application and loan deposit. Pictured is Kidaribank’s general meeting with members, which is held twice a year. (Photo courtesy of Lee) Kidaribank’s influence is not limited to Hanyang University alone. Starting with Hanyang, the bank has expanded its services to the University of Seoul, Dankook University’s Cheonan Campus, and Konkuk University. The branches are managed independently by students of each university. “Kidaribank’s members need to increase in order to offer more loans for the organization to be something more than just a lending business,” said Kim Min-jae (Department of Financial Management, 4th year), a former chairman of the board of directors of Kidaribank. “There are more students benefiting from it than one thinks, as the funds are created by the accumulated investments of Hanyang University students, which is circulated and always helping someone.” Lee (left) and Kim are posing in front of Kidaribank’s office. Kidaribank is located on the fifth floor of Hanyang University’s Hanyang Plaza Building. Jung Myung-suk kenj3636@hanyang.ac.kr Photos by Jung Myung-suk

2020-01 11

[Special]Kim Gun-woo, an Entrepreneur Who Saw Both Sides of the Startup World

In line with the Korean government's vow to increase support for venture firms, Hanyang University has been supporting young entrepreneurs as it has a fair number of venture firms that were supported through the school’s Startup Support Foundation. One such benefactor of the foundation’s program was Kim Gun-woo (Department of Electronic Engineering, ‘13), who referred to himself as a “serial business shutter.” He initially started with his first startup Bigfan, a sports magazine, and three more succeeding startups, which all failed to stay afloat. Nevertheless, instead of being dismayed, Kim led himself to new challenges. Today, he makes principle investments as part of an alternative investment team at a security firm in Korea. Having been on both sides of the startup world, Kim recently published Startup White Paper, which offers a guideline for future entrepreneurs by introducing readers to the dos and don'ts of creating one's own business. Kim Gun-woo (Department of Electronic Engineering, ‘13) has recently published Startup White Paper to introduce young dreamers into the world of startups. Kim dreamed of founding his own company since 2010, dreaming of success and large paychecks. He first thought of a sports season pass transfer platform that would allow people to sell and buy various passes including baseball, basketball, and soccer. Initially, the business seemed promising. He was selected by a government support program called "the 1,000 project" and was admitted into an incubating center to develop his business model. In 2012, Kim launched a sports magazine startup, Bigfan. However, two years later, Bigfan was shut down, to which Kim said it was inevitable, as it was his first business, and there were limitations to the assets and the number of employees he could acquire. Even after countless failures, Kim found opportunities in niche markets. Today, he uses his experience to find potential in startups as an investor. Despite Bigfan’s failure, Kim continued to pursue his dream to create startups. Kim created a matchmaking platform for startups called Buildup, which introduces people interested in startups with talent-seeking businesses. In 2016, Kim founded a real estate third dimensional modeling solution which allowed businesses to examine estates without having to travel to the actual locations. Although Kim was unsuccessful with his business pursuits, his experience was prized by investment companies when he decided to seek employment. In 2014, Kim went to the other side of startups, as a person who assesses companies instead of making them. Kim’s journey into this industry has had many obstacles, as he went through four jobs until he was employed by his current employer, Meritz Securities, late last year. Kim's Startup White Paper (Photo courtesy of Seulgi Books) Kim invites young entrepreneurs who want to create their own startup to start fast to do right away. He added that money is not an issue these days, compared to a few years ago, as universities and the government are shoveling in assets to give young dreamers with big ideas a chance. However, Kim warned that only 1 percent of startups are successful and the other 99 percent of people who failed need to prepare for another career. He also advised students to stay in school instead of dropping out like Mark Zuckerberg or Bill Gates, refraining from abandoning everything in order to pursue their dream. Kim shares his experience and feelings in Startup White Paper, which includes “the most basic information that people would definitely know when they create their own startup and go through the process in building their business.” “I hope that the number of cases where startups are evaluated as good companies increase in Korea and accumulate,” said Kim. “I bet my life on startups, and I wish others can grow with me.” Jung Myung-suk kenj3636@hanyang.ac.kr Photos by Jung Myung-suk

2020-01 04

[Special]The Danger Within a Cup of Alcohol

The New Year brings more than a shift in time as the Korean health ministry has taken an action to deglamorize drinking. Starting from 2020, the so-called provocative sounds such as 'kyaa' or 'keu', sounds that people make after drinking alcohol, are banned from advertisements promoting the beverage. In November 2019, the ministry stated that the policy is an extension of the country's anti-smoking campaign as it deemed government efforts insufficient in this field. Regardless of the government’s efforts to promote a healthier lifestyle, the number of Koreans who drink at least once a month for a year from 2005 to 2017 increased from 54.6 percent to 62.1 percent, according to a study by the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs. Professor Kang Bo-seung (College of Medicine) warns people of Korea’s drinking culture by arguing that alcohol is poison for 30 percent of Koreans. Kang elaborates on his research in his book The Medical Science Within a Cup of Alcohol, which was published in December of 2019. Professor Kang Bo-seung (College of Medicine) published The Medical Science Within a Cup of Alcohol to inform people of the misconception that small amounts of alcohol can benefit all people. The process of alcohol conversion within the human body After consuming alcohol, the ethanol within the drink is partially oxidized by the liver enzyme (proteins and biological catalysts that help speed up chemical reactions in the body) alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH), which produces acetaldehyde, a type of intermediate metabolite during alcohol metabolism that can be hazardous to our bodies, said Kang. Then, it is changed into a material that is not harmful to our bodies called acetic acid by an enzyme in our bodies called aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH2). Behind this metabolism is the reason why Koreans and people from adjacent countries such as China and Japan have such a hard time drinking alcohol; 30 percent of the population have half or even less than half of the activity of these enzymes. “Of the 30 percent, 3 to 4 percent have one tenth of the normal capacity to break down acetaldehyde, transformed from alcohol, and for 25 to 26 percent, they only retain 40 percent,” said Kang. On the other hand, Kang said that people of other races are more tolerable to alcoholic beverages (exactly acetaldehyde), especially those from Western cultures. The World Health Organization’s (WHO’s) International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) declares acetaldehyde as “carcinogenic to humans” (acetaldehyde included in and generated endogenously from alcoholic beverages is a Group 1 human carcinogen). However, before Kang started to warn people of the possible dangers of Korean's biological compositions, a medical community in Korea was neglecting Kang's discovery. A neurology research team at 15 nationwide university hospitals in Korea claimed that small amounts of alcohol consumption lowers the risk of people having ischemic strokes (brain vessel obstruction type) in 2015. The team’s findings were published in Neurology, a biweekly peer-reviewed prestigious medical journal in the United States, which motivated Kang to send a letter to the journal to point out that the claim was only partially true. Soon, Kang's letter was published by Neurology, and Kang took further action by sending letters to reporters as the neurology research team's publication could endanger the lives of some 30 percent of the population. However, no one replied to Kang’s letters, until December 2015, when he received a letter from a reporter associated with one of Korea’s top news outlets. The Medical Science Within a Cup of Alcohol by Professor Kang Bo-seung (Photo courtesy of Kang) “The reporter wrote an article titled ‘Drinking Small Amounts of Alcohol is Dangerous for 40 percent of Koreans,’ and I never expected that such a sensation would follow its publication,” said Kang. Although this ratio was revised to 30 percent after further research, the article was a turning point for Kang’s mission to spread the dangers of drinking. Soon, Kang started writing the The Medical Science Within a Cup of Alcohol to raise awareness of the possible dangers of drinking alcohol for Koreans, which took three years in the making. Kang offered a simple test to those who wanted to know whether they had a sufficient capacity of enzymes in order to drink without having to worry about their health. “In order to test whether one has a small capacity of enzymes, one can drink 180 cubic centimeters (cc) of beer, a normal glass, and wait for 5 to 10 minutes,” said Kang. “If one’s face turns red after this time, it means that their enzyme power is weak.” Kang added that it is best for those who have a low capacity of enzymes to not drink at all. "20 years have passed since the 21st century. I wish this becomes an opportunity for all of society to wake up," said Kang. "Schools, the health ministry, clinics or hospitals don't emphasize the importance of these findings, so I believe that these organizations should put in more effort to stress the issue. In addition, when we come across a red light, we stop, and in the same manner, when we see a person whose face is all red during drinking sessions, we should be aware that they are being attacked by carcinogens within their bodies." Jung Myung-suk kenj3636@hanyang.ac.kr Photos by Lee Hyeon-seon

2019-12 12

[Special]An Introduction to Settling in Korea

Korea’s ever-increasing presence in the world is luring foreigners into the country thanks to the country’s strong economy and trendy pop-culture. As one of the four Asian Tigers (Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea and Taiwan), Korea has proven successful in many industries including electronics, automobile, beauty and entertainment. Hallyu, or the Korean wave, has dominated the world, from music to movies, such as the latest fad in the music industry, K-pop's mega-star BTS, and the black comedy blockbuster, Parasite (2019) directed by Bong Joon-ho. More than two million foreigners are living in the country, some 200,000 having naturalized as Korean citizens, and around 3,000 foreign students study at Hanyang University today. Due to this trend, more foreigners are interested in settling in Korea. Some of the most sought-after methods of settling in Korea include obtaining a work visa, marriage visa, permanent residency status, or through naturalization. Korea's K-pop mega-star BTS, the black comedy blockbuster, Parasite (2019), and leading industries in semiconductors and shipbuilding are pushing the country into the spotlight. (Photo courtesy of KOREA NOW) One of the most popular and easiest ways to stay and work in Korea is by getting a work visa, which can be obtained by people who have a legitimate employer who can vouch for their employees. For those who are planning on teaching English and come from an English-speaking country, the E1 and E2 work visas allow native English speakers to teach at schools and universities. Applicants must have at least a bachelor’s degree and a valid passport from a specified number of countries. While E2 visa holders can work for public schools, private schools, and language institutes, E1 visa holders can work in Korean universities. On the other hand, foreigners who are employed short term are issued C4 visas, whereas those sent by foreign companies to companies' Korean branches are issued D7 visas (intra-company transferee). E5 visas are issued to foreigners whose expertise lie in accounting, law, medicine, or other professional fields approved by Korean law. Finally, E9 work visas are issued to those with non-professional employment. Another way to live in Korea is through marriage. Foreigners who marry a Korean citizen can apply for marriage visas (F6) or, with the right qualifications, can obtain permanent residency status (F5). Acquiring a marriage visa or permanent residency status have similar benefits, such as being able to live in the country for as long as one likes and receiving health care. The registration process for legalizing one’s marriage may be cumbersome as documents must be submitted in both languages of the spouses, which needs to be translated by certified translators. Then, with approval by Korea’s Ministry of Justice, the marriage is legitimized. However, marriages can break apart, which makes it difficult for a foreign spouse to reside in a country if they are unable to obtain an alternative status after their divorce. On the other hand, permanent residency is maintained regardless of the state of one’s marriage and brings additional rights such as voting at local elections, after one has maintained their status for a certain period. In order to obtain permanent residency status, one must be over 18 years old, an adult recognized by Korean Law, have lived within the country two years or over, and receive a passing score for either the Test of Proficiency in Korean (TOPIK) fourth level or the Korea Immigration and Integration Program (KIIP). The Ministry of Justice's Soci-Net where foreigners can apply for the Korea Immigration and Integration Program is displayed above. (Photo courtesy of Socinet Immigration & Social Integration Network) click to learn more about the Korea Immigration and Integration Program For those who want to take the final step and become a Korean citizen, they can do this through general or special naturalization. Naturalization requirements are similar to permanent residency; general naturalization requires a subject to have lived in Korea for at least five years, and applying for citizenship through this method may take up to two years, whereas special naturalization decreases the residence period to two years and can take three to four months until one can naturalize after submitting their application. The naturalization process consists of three steps. First, related documents need to be submitted to the Ministry of Justice including the subject’s state of affairs, criminal records, qualification papers, and a letter of recommendation. Then, subjects are interviewed to evaluate whether they are suitable candidates for obtaining Korean citizenship, and in the case of foreigners naturalizing under special conditions such as people with outstanding academic talent or investors who have invested a large sum of money in Korean industries, they are tested during this session on Korean language, history, and culture. Subjects who do not pass their interview session are given one more chance. When a subject successfully passes all of their evaluations, they participate in their oath ceremony with fellow naturalized citizens, finally recognized as a Korean citizen from this day on. Korea continues to surprise the world with its economic development and rise in status as a political power. In line with this phenomenon, Korea is taking the next step by moving forward to create foreigner-friendly policies that embrace and protects the rights of those who come to live within its borders. No longer will Korea be just a hub for business and culture, but a safe haven for those who wish to contribute to and live in such a country. click to read about Hanyang Professors sharing their own experience on settling in Korea Jung Myung-suk kenj3636@hanyang.ac.kr

2019-12 04

[Special]Changemake Ship Class Students Talk About ‘Love in Deed and Truth’ and Social Innovation

Hanyang University was established in 1939 with a philosophy that believes in ‘love in deed and truth.’ In line with the university’s founding spirit, Hanyang now seeks to promote social innovation that will ensure long-term development in society. Starting this year, Hanyang has been offering a Changemake Ship class to foster students with innovative mindsets. The class is led by professor Park Seoung-soo (Leader in Industry-university Cooperation+), who teaches students about “change making” for the first part of the semester, and Social Balance CEO Lee Yeong-dong, who guides students through making their own social innovating projects. As of December, the class has started their own projects, and 10 teams, each with a different goal, are trying their best at finding solutions to problems, such as teenager depression, food delivery, and recycling issues. Students sit with their teams during the Changemake Ship class and carry out their own projects to improve society. (From left) Professor Park Seoung-soo (Leader in Industry-university Cooperation+) and Social Balance CEO Lee Yeong-dong lead the Changemake Ship class together. Team “Tri-Empathy,” made up of Lee Ji-su (Department of Information System, 2nd year), Shin Ga-hyun (Department of German Language and Literature, 3rd year), and Seo Su-ung (Division of Business Administration, 3rd year), seeks to tackle teenager depression by creating a platform where teenagers can converse with each other anonymously in a chat room with an expert who would host and guide the conversations being present. The platform is similar to anonymous meetings prevalent in Western countries that are part of a patient's treatment. Tri-Empathy tried to find a way for individuals to find comfort and receive treatment without having to feel the pressure that comes from a culture where psychological therapy is not prevalent and can be seen negatively. “Innovation as in social innovation carries the meaning of creating something new, but it is also a process that accompanies pain,” said Lee Ji-su. “I believe that starting something is in itself already the first step to innovation. I think that the small actions made are social innovations; thus, the relationship between ‘love in deed and truth’ and social innovation is only different in its directional nature.” (From left) Members of Tri-Empathy: Shin Ga-hyun (Department of German Language and Literature, 3rd year), Seo Su-ung (Division of Business Administration, 3rd year) and Lee Ji-su (Department of Information System, 2nd year) Team “Happy City,” made up of Jeong Seung-yun (Department of Electronic Engineering, 4th year), Choi Dong-hwan (Department of Architectural Engineering, 4th year), Kim Ji-hyeon (Department of Korean Language Education, 3rd year), Park Tae-hyeong (Department of Architecture, 1st year) and Kang Cho-hyun (Department of Applied Art Education, 3rd year), seeks to find a solution to recent problems regarding food deliverymen committing misdemeanors and the trust between consumers and vendors. Viral videos showing part-time deliverymen eating the food they were delivering highlighted petty crimes carried out behind the scenes. The team agreed that social innovation is not only about making new things but is also about improving existing things and solving problems. “I believe ‘love in deed and truth’ is ultimately an essential mindset in social innovation,” said Kim. Park added that he believes that social innovation comes from individuals, which he thinks is their duty. “Before, people would wait for the government to solve problems, but in the future, I think that us, college students and citizens, solving various personal social problems by ourselves is social innovation,” said Park. (From left) Members of Happy City: Kim Ji-hyeon (Department of Korean Language Education, 3rd year), Choi Dong-hwan (Department of Architectural Engineering, 4th year), Kang Cho-hyun (Department of Applied Art Education, 3rd year), Jeong Seung-yun (Department of Electronic Engineering, 4th year) and Park Tae-hyeong (Department of Architecture, 1st year) Some students who have taken the Changemake Ship class continue their social mission outside of class in Hanyang. Kim So-hee (Division of International Studies, 3rd year) and Kim Gong-min (Department of Educational Technology, 3rd year) of team “킹리적 갓리수거,” which is a play on words that means rational recycling in Korean, took the class early this year and have since been part of Hanyang’s Environmental Supporters. The team’s aim was to find a solution to disposable waste that filled up trash cans too fast and leftover contents inside the trash made it harder to recycle. By analyzing and comparing data that showed them what kinds of trash created the most problems, the team concluded that the best solution would be to install an additional trash can for liquids so that plastic containers could be stacked and disposed of in a compact way. Kim So-hee said that she thinks ‘love in deed and truth’ is about looking at everyday things with a perspective that does not take things for granted and taking small actions. Kim Gong-min added that we should rethink the everyday problems that we face and define them, while looking for an answer. click to read about their next recycling plans project (From left) Members of “킹리적 갓리수거": Kim So-hee (Division of International Studies, 3rd year) and Kim Gong-min (Department of Educational Technology, 3rd year) Hanyang University continues to expand its influence upon society by supporting and fostering students, seeking to imbue them with civic mindedness. Thanks to classes such as the Changemake Ship class, Hanyang’s founding spirit of ‘love in deed and truth’ can be spread and materialize as social innovation. Jung Myung-suk kenj3636@hanyang.ac.kr Photos by Jung Myung-suk

2019-11 18

[Special]Hanyang University Lab Attracts Company Interest with Composites Research

Hanyang University’s Structures and Composites Lab invited companies participating in the JEC Asia 2019, a leading composites exhibition in the Asia Pacific, to demonstrate its research on November 15th. Professor Ha Sung-kyu (Division of Mechanical Engineering), who leads the lab, presented their latest research on creating product components with composites, a material made from two or more different materials that are stronger when combined: two such components utilizing composite innovations are the engine brackets for automobile engines and the hydrogen tanks and propellers that can be used for wind generators. Ha emphasized the lab’s objective of creating stronger and environmentally-friendly components which are lighter and more efficient to produce. Professor Ha Sung-kyu (Division of Mechanical Engineering) presented the Hanyang Structures and Composites Lab's research to company representatives. Agenda of the JEC ASIA 2019 (Photo courtesy of Park) The host of the exhibition in which the Hanyang Structures and Composites Lab participated was the JEC Group, a company dedicated to the development of information and business connection channels and platforms supporting the growth and promotion of the composite materials industry. This year’s 2019 JEC Asia was held in Seoul from November 13th to the 15th, during which the lab was presented the JEC’s Innovation Award for its automobile engine bracket made of Carbon/PA6, a nylon-based thermoplastic resin. Park Hong-gi (Division of Mechanical Engineering, Master's Program), a graduate student at the lab who developed the engine bracket, conducted the research for around 16 months, which was a project carried out in collaboration with the Hyundai Motor Group and Kolon Plastics. Park Hong-gi (Division of Mechanical Engineering, Master's Program) poses with the carbon engine bracket that he developed and the 2019 JEC Asia trophy awarded to the lab in recognition of his research. Steel and composite engine bracket comparison (Photo courtesy of Park) “The engine brackets used in automobiles today are heavy because they are made of steel,” said Park. “By making the engine brackets with composite materials, we were able to reduce its weight by 60 percent and also improve mechanical performance, such as noise and vibration.” Park added that the engine brackets passed all tests by the Hyundai Motor Group, including test drives. Another product that the lab created out of composites was a carbon hydrogen tank for automobiles. Trends in the automobile industry include eco-friendly and cost-effective products that are powered by hydrogen or electricity. Hydrogen-fueled vehicles carry heavy tanks that are not only dangerous, but are always prone to internal or external damage. In order for automobiles to use hydrogen as fuel, tanks must maintain a pressure of 700 bars, which is almost equivalent to 700 times the atmospheric pressure on Earth. However, durable material, such as steel or aluminum, can cause explosions. This is where carbon comes into the equation. Although carbon is lightweight and sturdy, when it is damaged internally, its fibers dissipate the damage instead of releasing its contents in a short period of time, allowing for the gas to leak without causing massive explosions. The lab improved its composite hydrogen tanks by using robots in the production process, which layers long strips of carbon tape in patterns to form the outer layer of the tank. Pictured is a machine that cuts carbon strips into the same length, which can be implemented as part of an automated manufacturing process. Although composite materials were at the center of the day’s presentation, automatized production was also a key ingredient deeply embedded in its innovations. Ha said the Fourth Industrial Revolution will bring automation, starting with factory production, and composites will be used to create automobiles, aircrafts, and drones. The key will be to lose weight, even one or two kilograms out of 200, with the goal being to maximize efficiency. Automation will also be crucial in the future, as manpower will only increase in cost. “I find that the research here is very interesting. The students work hard for the latest technology, which I find good, and is quite similar to Germany,” said Bin Wei, a representative from the Chinese electric vehicle company, NIO. “It's not like more traditional Asian companies more focused on paper, but tries to build bridges between serrated works, engineering works, and real-life things, which I find is a good starting point for many Asian universities.” The Hanyang Structures and Composites Lab will continue to collaborate with both domestic and foreign companies. The lab will go to France to present its newest findings next year at the JEC 2020. Ha (far left) and Park (fifth from left) are posing with Hanyang Structures and Composites Lab students. Jung Myung-suk kenj3636@hanyang.ac.kr Photos by Lee Hyeon-seon