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2016-12 05

[Special][Op-ed] Cherish Your Canine Family

As the number of nuclear families, bachelors, spinsters, and old couples increase in South Korean society, the rate of raising dogs as companions is a rising trend. According to the Ministry of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs of Korea, it is estimated that about five to six million dogs are being bred nationwide. However, the Huffington Post claims there are 60,000 dogs abandoned every year, wandering around the streets without a destination. What is more staggering is that this is the governmental data of officially registered dogs, inferring that there would be more stray dogs undiscovered on the streets. Tragedy of the abandoned dogs When stray dogs that seem to have been neglected are found, they are reported to the local government agency. It is a fortunate situation for the dogs, if they possess identification chips. However, a series of misfortunes befall on the reported dogs, because a host of them do not own identification chips as they are intentionally marooned on the streets by their previous owners. As the dogs are moved to public protection centers or pounds, the officials send out a public announcement for 10 days through the Animal and Plant Quarantine Agency’s animal care and service system. The percentage of these dogs finding their owners is a mere 20%, and 30% of the rest of dogs find new owners who will start new lives. However, during this process, the ruled out ones are bound to either be euthanized or become ill and meet their deaths. The reasons behind this tragedy usually arise from thoughtless decisions to breed dogs without any economic precautions. Since the insurance system for animals is lacking, the costs resulting from various veterinary treatments are unbearable for some owners. According to the Joongang Daily, a skin suture surgery, which is frequently performed on pets, costs 550 thousand won. Also, an X-ray costs a minimum of 100 thousand won, a shot of inoculation, 20 thousand won, and heartworm prevention medicine,10 thousand won. Expensive medical care for dogs often lead the owners to abandon their dogs. A poster of the movie 'The Secret Life of Pets', which advocated the importance of responsibility in taking care of animal companions. (Photo courtesy of IMDB) Solutions to enrich the lives of pet dogs Numerous people who desert their dogs often do not sincerely study about them but rather, they bring dogs to their home due to their looks. The problem arises in the decision-making process on whether to keep a pet or not. If I were to have a pet, it is extremely vital to ponder about whether I am to be an appropriate and responsible owner. In order to judge myself, learning about a particular dog's history, environment, eating habits, characteristics, health and costs to raise them, and more, is demanded. The best solution to this problem is to follow the path of Germany. The German Animal Welfare Act gives rights to animals that are similar to human rights. Thus, grave responsibility is tested before humans gain the legal right to breed and raise pets at home. According to Article 2 of the Act, “any person keeping and caring for or required to care for an animal must possess the knowledge and skills necessary for providing the animal with adequate food, care, and housing in accordance with its behavioral requirements” (German Federal Law, 2010). This federal law also bestows selling rights to only certain animal enterprises that are consistently under governmental surveillance. These enterprises hence require anyone willing to keep pets to pass certain prior knowledge tests and interviews. Also, abandonment of animals subjects the keeper(s) to a fine of a minimum of 25 thousand euros, which also prevents irresponsible people relinquishing their possession of pets. Responsibility is the key to the eradication of animal abandonment. (Photo courtesy of Etsy) Looking into the eyes of neglected animals on streets or in pounds, they seem to pine for their invaluable, happy memories with their owners. It is important to keep in mind that pets are not possessions, but family members that hold sacred lives of their own. Kim Ju-hyun

2016-12 04

[Special]Korean Hip-Hop from the US

Hip-hop influences the culture and lifestyles of today's youths. As more and more people aspire to become rap stars, wannabe rappers upload their mixtapes online for people to listen to. Through this process, they become associated with music labels and groups, or join entertainment agencies. Some Korean rappers are now active overseas and MKIT RAIN, a hip-hop label based in Los Angeles, is of substantive support to them. The name MKIT RAIN comes from the phrase 'make it rain', which is widely used in the hip-hop scenes as is throwing money in the air. This shows people the pride and goal of the musicians of the fact that they will earn enormous amounts of money as rappers. As for the members of the label, there are: Loopy, Nafla, Bloo, Owen Ovadoz, and Young West. The label was established on 22nd January, 2016 by Loopy, Nafla, and Bloo. Strong characteristics As many rappers wish to create their rap name into something that best contains their character and music style, Loopy creates songs with tight beats and lyrics. The name Loopy comes from 'loop', which is the repetition of a song. It also holds the meaning 'half insane'. Although Loopy has not lived in the United States for as long as the other members of MKIT RAIN, he has his unique flows that appear original in taste. Loopy won the Best Mixtape Song of the Year 2015 from Hiphop LE, an online webzine and community for African-American music. “The goal of MKIT RAIN is to bring the native [US] hip-hop vibe to Korea. We would like to introduce the new genre of hip hop,” said Loopy during an interview with Wikitree. “Korea seems to concentrate only on the fashion of hip-hop and that's not all there is to the genre,” he added. Nafla came up with his name from some words written on a fizzy drink. 'Natural flavor' combined together becomes his name, Nafla. Born in Los Angeles, he used to work with 42 crew members, most of whom are now in the MKIT RAIN records. Nafla’s rap style used to be very aggressive since it was used to show his sense of anger until now. He is currently at the stage of finding his real music style. “We knew that our first official concert, First Class, would be sold out. A lot of people are interested in our group and we have been preparing as if a foreign artist is visiting Korea,” said Nafla during an interview with Wikitree. The Best Mixtape of the Year 2015 Award, and Best Mixtape Performance of the Year 2015 Award have been received by Nafla from Hiphop LE. From the top left clockwise: Loopy, Nafla, Owen Ovadoz, Bloo (Photo courtesy of MKIT RAIN Records) Bloo used to work under the name of Daniel Prynne. He got his name from Badboyloo. He believes that originality in music comes from the roots of where it originated from, which is the United States. “Korean lyrics would all meet at a point where people have had similar experiences at school and while dating. It has to be limited. In the United States, there is a culture that makes people understand the roots to where hip-hop music has originated from,” said Bloo during an interview with Wikitree. He has strong faith and conviction in his music that he concentrates on making a piece of music that the public wants to listen to. “I have worked on the storytelling part of music so that my memories take place within the music,” he said during a listening session with Hiphop LE. Owen Ovadoz has his name from a Bible verse, 'if someone strikes you on the right cheek, turn to him the other also'. Owen is the generous ego while Ovadoz is the negative ego that adds up to the two sides of human being. Owen, who spent his childhood years in the United States, is famous for his amount of songs produced. He has produced so many mixtapes until now and a lot of rappers say that it is hard to keep up with the pace since he is so passionate at his work. During an interview with Hiphop LE, he said that “I am a very greedy person when it comes to creating songs. I write the lyrics fast and I spend a whole day recording the songs created." He added, "I create blueprints in my life as a steroid. It drives me forward and achieve things one by one, which motivates me to go even further." Young West has recently joined the MKIT RAIN records. (Photo courtesy of Street) Last but not least, Young West, who is from the 42-person crew with Nafla and Bloo, has also joined the MKIT RAIN as the fifth member. As of the ‘Bad Bad Good Good Tour in DAEGU’, which was a concert held in Daegu, Korea, he has officially joined the label. “I moved to California when I was young. My starting point was listening to different types of music. The relationship among the 42-member crew started by hanging out together since junior high,” said Young West during an interview with Street. “I try to create a free, out-of-the-box type of music. I want to make the listeners move and be remembered as more than just a rapper,” he added. Although these five different musicians each have unique characteristics, they come together to create a well-balanced synergy that is affecting the Korean hip-hop scene. Since they have ambitious goals with a lot to offer to Koreans, why not give them a listen. Kim Seung-jun

2016-11 20 Important News

[Special]Wisdom in Proverbs

There are hundreds of Korean proverbs, all of which originated from the thoughts-incorporated daily lives of our ancestors, allowing us to take a glimpse of their livelihood. They teach us sympathetic lessons that are applicable in our lives even today, showing deep wisdom and keen insight embedded in our ancestors’ minds. Even though the lifestyle and circumstances changed over centuries, the proverbs inherited from our precursors are still relatable and usable at modern times, put in use of people’s everyday conversation suiting to the situation. Transcending over time, the proverbs have provided us with valuable teachings. Categories of Proverbs Proverbs are often defined as concise and accurate expressions containing wit and wisdom, often derived from ordinary people’s daily lives and experiences. They are formed from abstraction of a particular instance, in which the situation itself becomes a figure of speech that contains a specific meaning or a lesson that corresponds to the situation. According to each situation, proverbs can be largely divided into four types: critical, didactic, experimental, and jocular proverbs. Critical proverbs involve criticizing or admonishing the opponent about their behavior, pinpointing the blunder with the tone of sarcasm or scolding. An exemplary critical proverb would be “a frog forgets about its tadpole days,” meaning someone who stands at a high position belittles those at a lower position, not remembering the fact that they, too, once stood at the same position. This saying contains the teaching that no matter how well your being is, you should not look down upon the others because you are demeaning yourself in the past as well. Moreover, another critical proverb that makes you ponder about your own behavior is “a stool-stained dog rebukes a mud-stained dog.” This proverb aims to condemn those who have big faults yet tries to reproach those with minor faults, reminding them their own places. ▲ "A frog forgets about its tadpole days" Didactic proverb is the most abundant one of all, delivering a teaching as the core meaning. This type is rather instructive than admonishing, setting the truth and affirming what is right or wrong. For example, “knock on the stone bridge before crossing” is underscoring the importance of always being cautious, even with the most easy and familiar task because overlooking an easy task can result in a mistake. Adding on, “downstream can only be clear when upstream is clear” emphasizes the fact that those who set examples have a great impact on those who learns from them, meaning only when they act right will the followers learn good acts. Therefore, it is of their duty to demonstrate good deeds first. Furthermore, “a bull’s horn should be drawn at a breath” gives an advice that a task should not be procrastinated and be carried to action without further do—when a bull’s horn is drawn, heat is applied onto the horn to make the process quick and easy, at least when the heat is still effective, suggesting that the work be done when there is higher energy or will. Moreover, experimental proverbs give a prediction about a situation, based on the occurrence of a similar situation in previous and the lesson derived from it. To exemplify, “a theft brings cramps on his own feet” is a proverb that anticipates a situation, where a person feels too guilty about his own sin that he unintentionally exposes it by himself. This saying is referring to the situation in which someone who committed a bad deed flinches everytime a similar issue is mentioned and acts abnormally, eventually hinting that he is guilty for it. Also, “underneath the lamp is the darkest” predicts that the solution to a problem is not always far away, indicating that you should always be watchful in close approximates. ▲ "Underneath the lamp is the darkest" Lastly, jocular proverbs are expressions that function like similes, by using them as a comparison to a situation. “Pillaging and eating a flea’s liver” is comparable to a situation where someone who is affluent is benefiting from someone who is much underprivileged. Since a flea is an extremely small insect, taking out its liver to eat is pillaging off someone who owns very little, almost exploiting them. Additionally, “licorice in pharmacy” virtually means “an indispensable thing” due to the omnipresence of licorice in any oriental medicine stores. Thus,if something is said to be the licorice in pharmacy, it means that thing is always present in a place or situation. In short, proverbs can be used to describe a situation briefly in one expression or to make a witty comparison. Stemming from the daily lives of our ancestors, each and every proverb conveys a valuable meaning and teaching that we can easily encounter in our daily lives as well. Jeon Chae-yun

2016-11 14

[Special]Volleyball Superstar Kim Yeon-koung

An accurate spike is a crucial attacking strategy in a volleyball game where higher the ball-contact point to the hand is, the better it is for players to score an easy point. Likewise, maintaining a positive spirit during the game is just as essential when one single point can determine the outcome. Possessing these two necessities as an outstanding volleyball player, Kim Yeon-koung stands out amongst international women athletes as one of the best volleyball players in the world. After dominant years in the domestic league, Kim has made Korea proud by reaching the international level of professional women’s volleyball. 'Kimvincible' ▲ Kim plays as an outside hitter (Photo courtesy of OSEN) It is nearly impossible to list all the achievements and honors that Kim has achieved in her volleyball career so far. Yet, there is one that describes her the best – the highest paid volleyball player in the world, including both male and female. When she entered Europe for the first time, she was signed a contract for 1.2 million euros. Also, wherever she went, from Korea, Japan, to Turkey, the team that she played for always won the league titles, giving her the nickname of 'Kimvincible'. She has won the most valuable player awards in the three nations as well as in international tournaments like the London Olympics in 2012. Kim plays as an outside hitter, the main attacker on the court. Her height of 192 centimeters stands out as the most powerful weapon in leading the attacking plays. The overwhelming ball-spiking point and blocking point give her an absolute advantage in stacking up points for her personal statistics. She usually scores about half of the points that the entire team makes in a single game. Also, as a high-spirited player, Kim leads the teams, both professional league and national teams in acquiring positive environment on and off the court. Korea, Japan, and Turkey Kim began playing volleyball after being influenced by her older sister, a volleyball player then. However, she was only 170 centimeters when she graduated from middle school, making it difficult for Kim to play regularly in her team. Instead of leading the attacks on the team, she had to take the position as a libero, a player that focuses mainly in receiving and defending. This unexpected hardship pushed Kim to practice even harder, starting her day at five o’clock in the morning and training until eleven o’clock at night. Then, miraculously, she grew about 20 centimeters more in high school and ended up changing her position to an attacker. The persistence in training was finally awarded and Kim was selected to represent Korea in the national team. At about the same time, Kim was drafted as the first pick by the Heungkuk Life Pink Spiders in the 2005 Korean V-League Draft. Before Kim signed with Heungkuk Life, the team was lowest ranked in the league; however, as soon as Kim played that year, the team won the V-League title and she won the most valuable player award as a rookie. A few years later, Kim moved to Japan to start a new challenge with JT Marvelous in the V-Premier League. After leading the Japanese team to its league titles, Kim gained international attention as many coaches described her as the 'player of the century'. Then, she went further to become the best player in the world by joining the Turkish team, Fenerbahçe in 2011. As the highest paid player in the world, she has proven the worth by winning European tournaments and Turkish league titles with the team. Today, Kim continues to play for Fenerbahçe, leading the team for more success in the future. Playing for the National Team Kim has starred in Korean television shows to promote women’s volleyball in Korea. As the best player in Korea, she has shown candid affection and strong leadership for the national team. Even though Kim had a chance to be naturalized in Turkey after undesired conflict regarding the contract with the Heungkuk Life, she decided to endure the suffering to stay and play for Korea in the Olympics and other international tournaments. The results were incredible. The Korean team won gold medal in the 2014 Incheon Asian Games and silver medal in the 2012 London Olympics. These honors were not achieved solely by Kim but it is undeniable to say that she has brought the team together as one. ▲ Being only 28 years old, Kim has bright prospects for the future. (Photo courtesy of MoneyToday) Park Min-young

2016-11 07

[Special]The Life of Korean High School Students

This year's suneung, the Korean university entrance examination, is on November 17th, which only leaves one weekend. Right now, at this moment, Korean high school students, especially the seniors (3rd year students), are exerting themselves in a final push to prepare for the test. High schoolers brace themselves not only for suneung, but also for midterms and finals in each semester, taking classes from early morning to late afternoon, and studying well into the night. This, at first glance, seems tough- but most Koreans who study in Korea go through and overcome this tedious livelihood. A Day of a Korean High School Student 6:30 a.m.~7:50 a.m. Waking up and preparing to go to school. Most Korean students are required to wear school uniforms, which include PE clothes. Nowadays, however, more casual clothes are provided to enhance comfort for students. In some schools, seondobu, the student committee for enforcing school rules, is present with teachers who are in charge of student supervision to check students’ dress and hair. Students in each class take turns doing jubeon activities, which requires arriving school early and being the last to leave the classroom. Their job is to clean and tidy up their homeroom. High school students wear uniforms in Korea. (Photo courtesy of 7:50 a.m.~1:00 p.m. Classes start. After the homeroom teacher’s short announcements and words of encouragement for the day, jaseup is held, which means that some time is given to students to do some self-studying in the morning. After jaseup, classes begin. Students stay in each of their designated classrooms which is decided before the beginning of each year, and wait for teachers come to the classroom to teach. The education curriculum for Korean students is divided into two different parts: i-kwa (Natural Sciences) and mun-kwa (Liberal Arts). Students can choose between these two divisions, regarding their preference, skill, and future careers. However, the long tradition of i-kwa and mun-kwa will end in the school year of 2018, being merged into one curriculum. The subjects that students typically learn are Korean language and literature, English, mathematics, science (biology, chemistry, physics and earth science), social studies (such as history, economics, and ethics), and a second language (Chinese, Japanese, French and more). On Wednesdays, there are special hours that allow students to engage in club activities, such as the school news broadcasting system, the school press, bands, or sports clubs. On the other hand, students who are not associated in any clubs are able to engage in other activities, such as cooking, watching movies, or drawing cartoons. 1:00 p.m.~2:00 p.m. Lunch break. School lunch is equally distributed to students in the student cafeteria, or the homeroom if there is no dining area in the school. After eating lunch, male students tend to play soccer or basketball in the school yard. Girls like to chat with their friends or go around the field for a walk. Others visit their friends in different homerooms. Some students use this time to study more, or get some sleep. Korean school lunch. (Photo courtesy of 2:00 p.m.~5:00 p.m. Three more classes are held. After they end, the homeroom teacher comes in and gives some additional announcements and dismisses the students. When the teacher leaves, pre-arranged groups of students take turns to clean up the class as designated cleaners for the week. 6:00 p.m.~10:00 p.m. Yaja session. Students participate in yaja, studying by themselves after school, or go to hagwons (private academies) to complement their learning. There are also after-school lessons provided by teachers as well, usually at a much lower fee than private academies. Yaja session is held in each classroom or in a separate building or room. Students study by themselves, doing their homework, revising, or preparing for the next day's classes. Yaja session in high school. (Photo courtesy of The Sun Shines at the End of the Marathon Living as a Korean high school student is extremely burdensome because of high competition, an immense workload, a tight schedule, and the stress arising from the pressure and the uncertainty of whether they would be able to enter their dream university or not. However, many Koreans treasure memories from their high school days. They reminisce that those days were the time of their lives when they put in their best efforts and achieved the huge accomplishment of entering university. In addition, because high school students need to depend on one another to find the strength to carry on, Koreans typically make lasting best friends in those years. As the saying goes, “The night is darkest before dawn”, students’ hard endeavors are not in vain. Their work would be rewarded as a lasting reminder of what they earned through their efforts to reach whatever dreams they aspire towards. Jang Soo-hyun

2016-11 07

[Special]Dining Etiquette in Korea

Diverse cultures formed within the deep roots of each nation’s history result in a variety of ethnic codes of conduct. Among these cultural behaviors, a dining etiquette is considered vital to exteriorize ethnic lineaments. In Korea, the Confucian teachings brought into the Joseon Dynasty have contributed substantially to modern-day dining etiquettes. However, the distinctive features of the Korean dish also contours the endemic Korean dining etiquettes that engender the harmony of the Confucian and Korean values. Blend of Confucianism and the Korean Culinary Arts Korean cuisine pursues the harmony of taste, color, fragrance, and temperature. Thus, when served on a dining table, the main and side dishes should be arranged in the right sequence that ponders the au fait harmony of the dishes. The conventional way of arranging the dishes is called bansang-charim. Rice, soup (also called guk), kimchi, and paste sauce must be distributed in front of every individual diner at the table. Then, the main dish, which should unconditionally remain hot, must be displayed in the middle of the table. The side dishes, also called banchan, should be set in an ordered array of hues. Tenebrous-colored plates should remain near the main dish, while the lighter-colored dishes should be placed spherically around the main plate. The whole theme of the cuisine is decided by the taste and fragrance of the main dish, which adjures the cook to exquisitely scheme the entire dishes and harmonize them with the main plate. Photo of a bansang-charim (Photo courtesy of Cultural Heritage Administration of Korea) These harmonious characteristics of the Korean cuisine are then blended with Confucianism to concoct the distinctive etiquette. The Confucian book that many historians refer to when researching for origins of the Korean dining etiquettes, is “Sasojeol”, written in 1775 by Lee Deok-moo from the Joseon Dynasty. The book advises the appropriate proprieties for bureaucrats and the people of Joseon in a Confucian manner. Among these proprieties, dining etiquettes are considered fundamental to people behaving as a rightful citizen of Joseon Dynasty. The main values of Confucianism are in, ui, ye, and ji. The term in indicates the sequence of spreading love and appreciation for people. If the behavior of caring for others is spread among the intimate group of people, it would be possible for these values to spread out to the bigger communities. Then, people will begin to cherish each other, respect the elderly, and eradicate the immoral behaviors. Ui means the rightful standard of the ethical behaviors and people’s compliance to it. The standard of ethics develops through time, and people have the capacity to comply and understand what ethics is. Third, ye signifies the formal and normative standards of people. It is distinguished from ui, in that ui defends for ethics while ye stands for rational validity in social activities. Lastly, ji indicates the intelligence of people to differentiate what is right and wrong. The Korean dining etiquette concentrates on the value ji, because practicing the rightness and learning the distinction between the virtue and the wicked were possible only when they were fulfilled on a daily basis. Thus, dining manners taught individuals of the rightfulness through strict etiquettes three times a day. Furthermore, the conversation and teachings between people at the table enabled them to learn acquire the well-conditioned, ethical knowledge. Though extremely intricate, the Confucian values that Koreans pursued emphasize the decorum, reverence, and solicitude for others. This cultural dining etiquette of Korea signifies the prudence of people to appreciate and respect others, even at the dining table. Caligraphy of the Confucian values: in, ui, ye, and ji (Photo courtesy of Joongang Daily) Korean Dining Etiquettes of the Modern Day The dining etiquette of Korea today still cherishes the Confucian values, while the practical manners have been developed throughout the course of time. The main themes of the etiquette now emphasize respect for the elders, making gentle and edifying conversation, and exhibiting appropriate manners using the correct culinary tools and consuming dishes in the correct order. There are total of eight main rules abided by Koreans at the dining table. The first rule is that Korean food is only eaten with chopsticks or spoons, and only one set of tools should be used at a time. Then, the elders at the table must be seated and their spoons or chopsticks should be poised for eating, before the rest of the people may begin the meal. Also, solid food, such as rice or banchan, are not eaten until the palate is first wetted with a spoonful of soup or the juices of kimchi. In addition, when a guest is invited to a meal, the host first should raise his or her dining tool to urge the guest to eat. The specially prepared dishes should be placed nearer to the guest. Then, at the end of the meal, the host shall not put his or her dining tools down until the guest does so. The last rule is that after the meal, the spoons and chopsticks are placed neatly and evenly down on the dining table. Students of Gunyang University learning the modern-day dining etiquettes of Korea. (Photo courtesy of Newsis) Originated from the Confucian teachings and accustomed to the Korean culture, dining etiquettes of Korea emphasize the significance of appreciating others. Values such as respect for the elders, hospitality for guests, harmony among neighbors, and exchange of appreciation are the true beauty found in the Korean customs centered around shared meals. Kim Ju-hyun

2016-10 31

[Special]Korean Hip-Hop

Tight beats combined with lyrics are the main components of hip-hop. It is a genre of music that formed in the late 1970s through African Americans and Hispanics and it used to be referred to as a new cultural movement. Hip-hop consists of four factors: rap, D Jing, graffiti, and breakdancing. Out of the four, DOK2 is an music artist who represents one of the best rappers of Korea. DOK2's Career Lee Joon-kyung, better known by his stage name DOK2 (pronounced dokki), was born between a Spanish-Filipino father and a Korean mother. Since his uncle was an American soldier, he grew up listening to Nas and The Fugees. While attending an international school, he was discriminated for his looks. When he turned 12, his father’s restaurant went out of business and DOK2 dropped out of school. “My family was poor, and I started out as a musician because they seemed to earn a lot of money,” said DOK2 during an interview on the TV program Yoo Hee-yeol’s Sketchbook. At the age of 13, DOK2 started making mixtapes through karaoke melodies and started producing. As he joined the Movement crew, a group of Korean rappers, he formed a hip-hop duo (All Black) with Microdot and became known for being the youngest rapper in Korea. Through the 2nd album of Dynamic Duo, Circus, DOK2 started featuring in professional hip-hop albums but did not make much money. After All Black split up due to financial reasons, DOK2 produced his first mix tape (Thunderground Musik Mixtape Vol. 1) in 2008, in a limited amount of 3000 CDs. DOK2's career as a music producer started in 2009 through collaborating with Drunken Tiger, Epik High and other rappers. As he was producing for these well-known Korean rappers, he held his first concert in 2010. DOK2’s contract with production agencies did not work out well, which got him working independently. He continuously produced mixtapes and performed in concerts. In 2011, DOK2 and The Quiett announced that they established 1llionaire Records, now one of the most renowned hip-hop music labels in Korea. The name '1llionaire' is a combination of ill and millionaire, with the ambition of being the best hip-hop music label in Korea. In the same year of June, Beenzino also joined the label. DOK2, a producer and rapper (Photo courtesy of 1llionaire) DOK2 Swagger “Just because somebody is older and has more experience, they shouldn’t all be trusted. Although that person may have been regarded as successful, if that success was not maintained for over 10 years, there are plenty of reasons to doubt the advice given by the person. There is nobody in the world that has contemplated and thought of my problems more than I have.” The quotation above is an excerpt from DOK2’s autobiography, Illionaire Life. This is the part of the book where DOK2 is defined along with his independent features. He is well known for being a sincere Buddhist, not drinking or smoking and controlling anger. Although a lot of people criticize him for wasting money, he has something to say. “I used to be dirt poor and everyone I knew told me that I would not be able to succeed through music. I have succeeded now, having overcome the prejudice of many and I am very proud of that. People should believe in their dreams to achieve it,” said DOK2. “I have always wanted to be like the rap stars in America while watching the MTV- their big houses, closets full of Jordans. I envied that. I wanted to be like them through my music,” he added during an interview with Hiphopplaya, Korea's hip-hop webzine site. DOK2 sees his music as matjib which means a place where the most famous and delicious foods are sold. He says that large production agencies are like family restaurants in that there is a lot to be seen and very popular, but since the cost of production is too much, not having much left over in terms of money- while his music is like pork soup in Busan which regular customers consume. “You should be bragging about your money and life when you have independently earned it yourself. That’s what gives real swag and respect to your story,” DOK2 added. He wishes to buy a house in Hawaii for his father who has not traveled abroad for 30 years whilst working in Korea. "You should be bragging about your money and life when you have independently earned it yourself." (Photo courtesy of 1llionaire) DOK2's music has not simply developed this much overnight. Since becoming a professional, he produced 320 songs in 10 years. Although DOK2 is well known for his trap beats such as YGGR, he is also quite familiar with boom bap beats as well. One of the songs that has both beats in it could be Air-Do-The-Q produced by DOK2 during a mission on a Korean hip-hop TV show, Show Me The Money. Over time, DOK2 has built up his reputation as a representative Korean rapper, with diligent working habits and faith in himself. Although he only graduated from primary school and did not receive higher education, he wishes that people who watch him would be inspired to chase their own dreams and succeed in life as he himself did. Kim Seung-jun

2016-10 19

[Special]Improper Solicitation and Graft Act

According to data from the Korean Anti-Corruption and Civil Rights Commission (ACRC) in 2014, about 63 percent of Korean people believe that the Korean society is corrupt. As a member country of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), having the obligation to meet specific global standards in the political and economic sectors, South Korea has taken a brave step towards reducing corruption within public governmental institutions and in private and public schools. The following article will guide you through the newly implemented Improper Solicitation and Graft Act, also commonly referred to as the Kim Young-ran Act, and its effect on Hanyang University. Kim Young-ran Act In Korea, coping with corruption within public institutions was difficult with the preexisting laws, such as the Criminal Act and the Public Service Ethics Act. To enact a comprehensive law to prohibit improper solicitations and the reception of graft, the bill for the Improper Solicitation and Graft Act was first proposed in August 2012 by Kim Young-ran, the then-head of ACRC. Recently, on September 28, 2016, the law officially entered into force, establishing specific rules regarding solicitations and grafts. Kim Young-ran (Photo courtesy of Huffington Post) The scope of the application of this Act includes: all public institutions, private and public schools of various levels, media corporations, public officials, spouses of public officials, and the general public involved in improper solicitations. The general concept of improper solicitation is that no one should solicit, either directly or through a third party, a public official or any relevant person mentioned above. Briefly, there are 14 types of improper solicitation in total, one being “intervening or exerting influence in the appointment, promotion, job transfer or any other personnel management of public officials…” (Article 5 of Improper Solicitation and Graft Act). Besides, there are strict guidelines in prohibiting the acceptance of financial or other advantages. According to Article 8 of the Act, the subjects can be punished if one receives any form of graft which the amount exceeds one million won at a time, or three million won in a year from the same person. In addition to this, public officials are limited to the 3-5-10 rule, which sets a maximum limit on expenditure for food, gifts, and event fees respectively, by 30 thousand, 50 thousand, and 100 thousand won. Furthermore, disciplinary actions and penalties for those who violate the Act range from fines up to 30 million won to imprisonment for no more than two years based on the committed violations regarding improper solicitations and graft. Law-Abiding Citizens As expected, the Act can be applied to the school president, professors, office workers, and students of Hanyang University who are categorized as employees and members of a private educational institution. Out of the 14 types of improper solicitation that should not be violated, there are points that school members may need to take into account as a precautionary measure. It includes: trading in influence so that admission, grades, performance tests related to schools are manipulated in violation of the Act, exerting influence in the appointment of personnel into the school, trading in influence so that certain personnel wins an award or prize for outstanding performance, and much more. However, the Act is criticized for its vagueness because there are differing interpretations according to various situations. Therefore, it is important to make sure no invalid suspicions are raised regarding relationships among students, staff, and professors. Some specific examples regarding how the Improper Solicitation and Graft Act can affect the school environment are worth going over. For instance, a professor who accepts a student’s request of credits for an absence is a violation of the Act for improper solicitation, and the professor will either be fined or imprisoned up to two years. Likewise, if a student presents a cake to a professor that is worth 15,000 won, both the student and the professor will be breaking the Act if the event leads to some sort of academic advantage for the student. Lastly, part-time professors will also be subject to the Act, starting from the beginning of 2018 which is when the revision of the Act enters into force. Many are concerned about the Act possibly breaking some close relations among students, staff, and professors. Questions are also raised concerning the monitoring of all personal affairs in order to prevent improper solicitation and grafts. These issues must be resolved to avoid corruption from rooting deeply within the school. Yet, the success of the Act lies on the fact that the government is working towards creating a transparent society. Hopefully, Hanyang University will set an example by abiding by the law in all circumstances. The Improper Solicitation and Graft Act will reduce corruption within the society. (Photo courtesy of News Chosun) Park Min-young

2016-10 10 Important News

[Special]Development of the Korean Automobile Industry

It is a known fact that South Korea has gone through a miraculous economic development since the end of the Korean War. There are several factors that have contributed to the success of the Korean economy, but the automobile industry has been the prime sector that led to its current economic status. This is the story of cars manufactured in Korea from the beginning of the 1950s to the modern day. The First Start Sibal, the car. Photo courtesy of NamuWiki Currently, according to the International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA), Korea is ranked as the fifth largest automobile industry in the world. Statistically, as reported in 2015, about 4.5 million automobiles have been manufactured in Korea. Leading the industry, there are well-known automobile companies such as Hyundai, Kia, SsangYong, and General Motors Korea that represent the nation. To this day, those companies continue to impact the global automobile industry through the creativity and innovation of smart cars. However, today’s success in the industry did not take on an easy route. Initially, before cars began to be made in Korea, vehicle-related operations were merely centered around assembling functioning parts imported from foreign companies. Soon after the increase in the popularity of automobiles in Asia, many businessmen became interested in manufacturing cars in Korea. Then in 1955, Choi Mu-seong, a Korean businessman, and his two brothers created a military jeep-style automobile, made with sheet metal from a junk oil drum can. The first functioning car to be manufactured was called 'Sibal', which means a new start in Korea. Soon after the introduction of Sibal, other businesses, with the help of Japanese car industries, began to launch its own manufactured automobiles. In 1960, Shinjin Automobiles created the Shinjin Publica under technical support from Toyota, a Japanese automobile company. Then several years after the release of Shinjin Publica, three companies were established that led to the boom of Korean automobile industry- Hyundai, Kia, and SsangYong. They were able to grow steadily with the help of the Korean government. The Automobile Industry Protection Act protected the then-infant automobile industries. Yet, even though all these companies did manufacture on their own, they were merely automotive assembling companies, importing parts from overseas partners like Japan and the United States. Hyundai, Leading the Industry In 1970, Hyundai created the Hyundai Pony, which made the Korean automobile industry known to the world. It was exported to countries in South America, becoming the first Korean-developed car to be exported. Then, the same car entered the United States' automobile market and set a record for selling the most automobiles in its first year of business compared with any other car brand (126,000 vehicles in total). Interestingly, the Hyundai Pony was sold under a different name- as the Excel, in the United States. Hyundai soon rose as the top Korean automobile industry, producing more car models such as the Sonata, a medium-sized sedan, and the Avante. The Hyundai Pony, or the Excel, was the first exported automobile. Photo courtesy of Hyundai Motors Hyundai's success was also met with some difficulties regarding their best-selling Excel. In efforts to bring the cost down, the quality and reliability of Hyundai's cars suffered, imprinting a bad image on the company over time. That was followed by a drastic drop in car sales dealerships in the United States. Fortunately, the company made a firm decision to innovate, investing heavily in the quality, design, and research for their cars. This effort led to well-established trust between the company and the buyers. Today, Hyundai stands as the number one automobile company in Korea. According to Forbes, it is ranked nine among the largest automobile companies in the world. Pride of Korea Today, automobiles are valuable assets for both convenient transportation and style. Its industry continues to grow, with the slow change from anti-environmental gasoline cars to environmental-friendly cars occurring. Green technology is key for the future economic development of any automobile industry. It is quite amazing, looking back on the past, to see Korean automobile industries excel today in the global market. Not only does this success represent the industry’s achievement, but it also strengthens national pride that motivate people in Korea to aspire for greater advancement. Park Min-young

2016-09 25 Important News

[Special]Foreigners Who Loved Korea

Korea was colonized by Japan from 1910 to 1945. During that period, Japan illegally exercised sovereign power in Joseon, which was the name of Korea then. For the independence of Korea, there were thousands of activists who fought Japan’s violence. Among them, there were foreign activists who deeply empathized with Joseon’s hardship and accommodated with Koreans to accuse Japans’ brutality to the world. This week, the Internet Hanyang News (IHN) introduces two foreign independence activists- Ernest Thomas Bethell and Frank William Schofield. ▲Bethell established the Korea Daily News with Yang which was printed in both Korean and English.Photo courtesy of the Independence Hall of Korea Englishman Who Established the Korean Daily News Bethell, also known as Bae Seol as his Korean name, first came to Korea in 1904 as a correspondent for the Daily Chronicle, a British newspaper, to cover the Russo-Japanese War. However, when he witnessed the reality of Korea, he decided to report on Japanese imperialism in Korea instead. Although there are no official records, it is said that he was able to relate with Koreans well as Jews himself. With Yang Gi-tak, a Korean independence activist, Bethell founded the Daehan Maeil Shinbo (the Korea Daily News) which was published in both Korean and English. The content of the newspaper was strongly antagonistic to Japanese rule and many Korean activists and historians contributed to it. As Bethell was British, he could enjoy extraterritorial rights, protecting the newspaper against the Japanese colonialists’ strong suppression against the media at the time. The Korea Daily News had two aspects of influence internationally and domestically. Since the newspaper covered a lot about Japanese imperialism and Koreans’ resistance toward it, they could lead international public opinion to go against Japan. Within Korea, the strong tone words used in articles greatly instilled Korean people to actively participate in independence movements. Right before the Russo-Japanese war, Japan tried to forcefully gain the right to cultivate the wasteland of Korea for more than 50 years. Japan wanted to claim more than two thirds of Korean land to immigrate the overgrowing population of Japan and supplement more crops from Korea. Korean newspapers’ articles were stirring up opposition among citizens. Although it was just four days after its establishment, the Korea Daily News also issued an article that strongly criticized Japan’s plan. It helped Joseon, which had no supportive diplomatic relationship at the time, to spread the world about its situation to other countries like Britain, which was in a favorable relationship with Japan. In the perspective of Japan, the Korean Daily News was a very disturbing obstacle to conquer Korea and remain in amicable relationships with other countries. Japan constantly asserted to Britain the need to capture and expel Bethell from Joseon. While the Korea Daily News reproached Japan repeatedly, Japan continuously requested the British to punish Bethell. Britain’s consul general Henry Cockburn had no choice but to sentence him 6 months of probation. Even after the probation, Japan saw Bethell as a problem and continued to oppress the Korean Daily News. Due to many hardships that struck him, Bethell suddenly faced death in 1909 due to cardiectasis. Many Koreans mourned his death and voluntarily started to collect money to erect a gravestone for Bethell. He died, leaving behind the famous saying “Even after I die, protect the newspaper and save Koreans.” ▲The Korea Daily News not only informed the world of Japan's brutal crimes in Korea but also greatly motivated Koreans to engage in independence movements. Photo courtesy of Korea Times One Canadian among 48 National Activists Frank William Schofield came to Korea as a missionary and a professor at the Severance Medicine School. He taught bacteriology in Korea from 1916. Since then, Schofield sympathized with the Koreans who were under Japan’s harsh imperialistic condition and decided to help them. From 1910, Japan was both politically and economically taking advantage of Korea. ▲Schofield was the only foreign activist who was informed of the 3.1 movement the day before it occurred. Photo courtesy of the Independence Hall of Korea After World War I, the US President Woodrow Wilson declared the 14 points- peace principles. One of them was the principle of national self-determination. As many other countries that were influenced by the principle, there were independence movements held in different regions of Korea since March 1st, 1919. It was meaningful in the sense that it was the first movement of Koreans to declare sovereignty and democracy. It also motivated the establishment of the provisional government of the Republic of Korea. Schofield was the only foreigner who was notified of the event a day earlier to translate the declaration of independence and send it to the White House. Even though Schofield was suffering from polio and his one leg and arm deterred him from moving freely, he took photos of the 3.1 movement, beginning on its first day. Almost all photos related to the movement were taken by him. While the 3.1 movements were spread all across the country, Japan committed a dreadful crime to strike against the 3.1 movement. At April 4th, in Jae-am-ni, Kyunggi-do where citizens shouted out for independence of Korea, Japan massacred more than 30 citizens. Schofield visited the place and helped the people. He also reported on the crime with his article “The massacre of Jae-am-ni” to newspapers in China and the US. Schofield didn’t hesitate to personally meet and contact officials of the Japanese Government’s General of Korea to stop the ruthless torture of Korean activists. He was able to do so, as he also enjoyed extraterritorial rights in Korea as an English-Canadian. After Schofield reported on the 3.1 movement, he was threatened to be killed by an unknown robber. After such an incident, he had to go back to Canada for his safety but still continued to support and advise Koreans through articles. Once in one of his articles, Schofield stated, “I think of myself more as a Korean than a Canadian”, and showed how deeply he loved Korea. Unlike other Western missionaries who thought they were superior to Koreans, Schofield was truly considerate towards Koreans. ▲Schofield was also a professor of bacteriology who loved his Korean students. Photo courtesy of the Independence Hall of Korea Even after Korea’s independence, Schofield came to Korea in 1958 with the Korean government’s invitation to celebrate the 10th year anniversary of the birth of the Korean government. He subsequently stayed in Korea as a professor in Seoul National University. While Korea was still unstable with its new democratic form of rule, Schofield didn’t stop advising the Korean people to remember the spirit of the 3.1 movement. He continuously emphasized the importance of human rights and free country. Schofield died in 1970 due to cardiac asthma he suffered from for years, leaving a famous saying, “Always remember the people and their sacrifice in 1919.” Yun Ji-hyun

2016-09 25 Important News

[Special]Hanyang Job Discovery Festival

The Job Discovery Festival, an annual job fair held in Hanyang University, took place in the Olympic Gymnasium of HYU’s Seoul campus on September 5th and 6th. On the 5th, 124 companies and 310 human resources managers joined the event, and more came the next day. Korean and international students at Hanyang gathered at the fair to obtain information about companies that they were interested in applying to. This week, the Internet Hanyang News (IHN) reporters visited the Hanyang Job Discovery Festival to attend job Job Consultations Held for Korean and International Students information booths and find out how HYU prepared for the event. Job Consultations Provided to Hanyang Students In each booth, job information and consultations were provided for HYU students. Due to the diverse characteristics of each company, different advice was given to the job-seekers. Yu Hyeon-jun of POSCO, a Korean steel corporation, said, “Because there are many corporate bodies of POSCO outside of Korea, global competence would be an important ability in order to be employed here.” Since POSCO is a government-run firm, responsibility, independence and diligence are qualities that are also very significant. “We do not prefer people of specific majors but we do want to recruit people who are interested in gaming and have knowledge of programming. We like people who are persistent and have the experience of delving into one specific area,” said Lim Su-bin of Smilegate, a global entertainment company that prioritizes game development. ▲Students participating in job consultations Students who participated in the event displayed feelings of nervousness and anticipation. Lee Yong-wu (Architectural Engineering, class of ‘12) said, “I am here because I want to hear what kind of people companies want as their employees, and also to find out the processes of employment.” Lee’s friend, Ha Jae-yun (Architectural Engineering, class of ‘10), commented, “I feel very earnest about getting a job right now.” Son Seung-dong (Industrial Engineering, class of ‘12) said, “I came to check my understanding of one specific vocation I am interested in, which is technology management. I felt that applying for jobs seemed far off, but now here it is.” Booths for Foreign Students Near the entrance of the gymnasium, job information booths for foreign students were arranged. Seven companies, including Lotte and KOTRA, were present. Deputy Yeo So-yeong of Lotte said that, “Lotte recruits foreigners from Vietnam, Thailand, India, China and Japan twice a year. This is because those are the countries where we have affiliates.” According to Paik Chung-hun from Kyungdong Navien, a company famous for its boilers, many foreign job-seekers are interested in the sales, management and marketing of the company. “Responsible people are suited to work at the sales department, and departments of management and marketing require people who have practical business skills.” Kim Eun-ju of KOTRA explained, “International students can work as a bridge between foreign employees and Koreans. That is why that Korean communication skills and the understanding of Korean culture are prerequisites for getting hired.” ▲Job information booths for international students were also present at the festival, marked by orange flags. Quite a few international students could be seen near job booths for foreigners. Dana Staca (Tourism, class of ‘15), an international student from Romania, said. “I participated in this event because I am planning to get a job in Korea next year. I came to Korea because I studied Korean before [back in Romania] and I thought it would be a good chance to get a job here.” Ferdinand Koranling, (Biomedical Engineering, class of 13), a student from Ghana, said, “This is my final year at Hanyang, so I came to find which options I have in terms of jobs. The companies I am interested in are medical and transport companies.” Koranling became interested in Korea because of its technology and that recently, there have been a lot of partnerships between Korea and Ghana. Hanyang’s Preparation for the Fair Shin yong-zin of Hanyang’s Career Development Center explained that this year’s event focused on liaising companies that students of Hanyang would prefer most. “We tried to enhance the festival’s quality by increasing the number of participating companies. There are more students who joined the event compared to last year, and it could be seen that they were very enthusiastic about finding employment,” said Shin. The participants of the event were private for-profit companies. Big corporations such as Samsung and LG were the main participants of the event. However, there were other corporations as well, such as Binggrae, a food business, and Juvis, a diet consulting enterprise. Shin explained about how HYU prepared for the event, one of which was providing the mobile website of the festival. (Click to be directed to the mobile website.) Shin explained how the school prepared for the event. “First of all, HYU made a mobile website for students to search the companies of their interest easily and find the locations of corresponding booths. Booklets on corporations, job interviews, and special qualifications were provided.” There were also additional booths that consulted students on their resumes and interviews. According to Shin, there is no other university other than Hanyang that holds job recruitment information booths for international students. The booths were quite small in size this year, but it is to be expanded in the future so that it would be of more help for foreign students at HYU. Shin advised, “Not only should students participate in the event, but it is also important for them to prepare in advance by searching up to four or five companies that they want to enter before visiting each booth.” He also mentioned that because there were a lot of Hanyang graduates present at the event, it would have been helpful for students to ask them questions. At the Job Discovery Fair, students may have found what they are lacking and are in need of to succeed in this year’s recruitment season. Jang Soo-hyun Photos by Ha-na Moon

2016-09 24

[Special]Korean Cartoons Online, the Webtoon

First driven by the spread of K-pop and K-drama, the Korean Wave is flourishing with growing popularity on the global stage. Amidst these forms of Korean culture, another emerging content prominent in Korea is entering the stage, the Webtoon: South Korean webcomics or manhwa that are published online. Originally beginning as a domestic wave, it has now ripened to be a global phenomenon, carried by the Internet and the social media. What could have otherwise been a simple means of entertainment functions not only as a time killer but also as a lesson giver and cultural promoter of South Korea. From Paper to Screen Countless cartoonists have been writing and publishing comic books since several decades ago, so the idea of comics is not new. However, a new idea of comics has been on the rise since its advent. Adjusting to the contemporary circumstances, where computers and smartphones are easy to find, webtoons are made accessible online. Webtoon was first introduced in Korea by the Korean web portal Daum in 2003 and in the following year by Naver. Released regularly on a weekly basis on each portal, most webtoon serials are available for free. In 2014, Naver and Daum published more than 520 and 430 webtoons, respectively. While it is true that webtoons are geared towards and are mostly fueled by an army of a younger audience, they often appeal to a wider range of age. Each webtoon has its own genre, plot, drawing style, and length depending on the cartoonist, meaning that there are no standards to the ideals of a webtoon. This makes it even more appealing to different types of people. Even more interestingly, webtoons are not produced by professionals but by laypersons who have outstanding drawing skills and creativity to capture people’s attention. Thus, webtoons are rated by the viewers, and the rank is determined by their popularity. With the predominance of smartphones, webtoons, on top of being free of charge, became even more easily accessible to people with the help of the gadget. Anyone with a smartphone has free access to hundreds of webtoons with just a few touches on their screen. The convenience brought about by technology elevated the popularity of webtoons even reaching out abroad. Ironically, some of the most popular webtoons are printed into hard copies for sale. ▲Webtoons on each portal are organized in weekly arrangements and ranked by popularity. (Photo courtesy of Naver) There are several websites, either legitimate or illegitimate, that translate webtoons into English for non-Korean readers abroad. Naver has published a website dedicated to offering some of their top-rated webtoons in English. Some of the top-rated webtoons in English are “Siren’s Lament,” “Tower of God,” “Orange Marmalade,” and “Noblesse,” each recording a rating of 9.73, 9.63, 9.51, and 9.66 out of 10, respectively. Webtoons as Message Conveyers Instead of merely being an entertaining time killer, some webtoons have inspiring lessons and messages to be grasped by the audience. For instance, the webtoons “SangJoongHa” by Han and “Golden Spoon” by HD3 have similar plots: the main characters become troubled by the life-changing dilemma that compel them to choose between family and money. Although the two webtoons still have not reached their ends yet, the point the authors are trying to get across is this: money is not the most important thing in life and happiness is not only derived from wealth. ▲This picture is featuring main characters of some of the top-rated webtoons published by Naver (Photo courtesy of Naver) In the former webtoon “SangJoongHa”, triplet brothers betray, fight, and eventually kill one another over matters of money, specifically to take over the place of the billionaire’s son. On a similar note, the latter story, “Golden Spoon,” features a young boy who intentionally chose to switch his and his friend’s parents because he was born into a poor family, while his friend was enjoying an affluent life under a prosperous father. In both webtoons, the authors intend to allow the readers to sense that the main characters’ actions and choices were not advisable. As these two exemplary works show, a lot of webtoons have morals and messages to convey, which could also be another attraction for more readers. With its popularity soaring through the roof, webtoons clearly show the potential of expanding the size of its industry as big as that of K-pop and K-drama. They are so prevalent and popular that it became not only a part of Korean culture but also the cultural promoter of the country that attracts more and more viewers as time goes by. ▲The graph shows the increasing value of webtoon market each year. (Photo courtesty of Joongang Daily) Jeon Chae-yun