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2020-01 20

[Special]YouTube Becomes a Field of Discipline

YouTube is a free video platform in which people around the world spend their pastime. It has become a vital part of people’s lives since the popularization of smartphones. Following the ripple effect of YouTube, influencers started to earn unprecedented profits through the platform. Here is Kim Eun-jae (Department of Media Communication, Master’s Program) who reflected this phenomenon into a field of study. Kim Eun-jae (Department of Media Communication, Master's Program) studied how YouTube influencers earned their profits efficiently. (Photo courtesy of Google) Kim published a paper titled 'A Study on Advertising Effect Depending on Type of Information Source and Displaying of Economic Support in Influencer Marketing: Focusing on YouTube' on the Journal of Digital Contents Society. The paper has received some media attention as it was selected as one of the most read papers in DBPia – Korea’s largest multidisciplinary full-text database platform for journal articles – last year. “The research was conducted to seek the difference in advertising effects as spending patterns in legacy media and new media vary,” said Kim. With the help of Professor Whang Sang-chai (Department of Media Communication) as a corresponding author, Kim analyzed the advanced studies and made a survey based on two criteria – whether the influencer is a celebrity and whether the economic interest emerged in an explicit way. The status of the influencer did not show a significant difference in the advertising effect. Kim attributed this to the communicating feature of new media. “I expect that both being familiar with the audience contributed to the undistinguishable result,” explained Kim. However, the overtness of advertising had a prominent effect. “As Personal Media gained popularity, sponsorship indicates one’s standing as an influencer,” said Kim. “This result was against our expectations, rather meeting the forecast of Great Library – a famous YouTube content creator.” Kim found out that influencers received more profit by showing off their sponsorship to subscribers. (Photo courtesy of Kim) Kim recently made a follow-up study on YouTube subscriptions. “Demanding ‘Like’ and ‘Subscription’ explicitly has become a culture as it is deeply related to the profit model,” said Kim. “I was curious about how people wear out on this phenomenon and cancel a subscription.” Some say that you can find something truly important in an ordinary minute. Kim is expanding the horizons of academics as he explores what pass by casually in their daily life. Oh Kyu-jin alex684@hanyang.ac.kr

2020-01 18

[Special]Hanyang University’s Members-Only Bank That Seeks to Help Students Financially

Pursuing higher education can be quite challenging for college students, especially for people who are having difficulties making ends meet. According to a 2019 report by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) on education, tuition fees in independent private tertiary institutions were on average $8,760 for bachelor degree programs per year, placing Korea in fourth place among OECD countries with the highest tuition fees. Hanyang University’s Kidaribank, a members-only bank that is run by students, seeks to alleviate financial pressure by offering quick loans, education, and various services to Hanyang University students. Founded in 2015, Kidaribank has 20 to 30 executives and around 235 members. The organization is not an ordinary bank, as it is actually a club that offers loaning services exclusively to Hanyang University students. Kidaribank also does not require background checks or financial statements from clients when they grant loans. Instead, collateral is based on the status of the loaner as a Hanyang University student, and the plans they submit on how the money will be used. Kidaribank seeks to create an impact on society as members are not only offered financial support, but are also educated on financial management and other highly-sought-after job skills, such as Microsoft Excel and the programming language R that will help them become financially independent. Kidaribank’s official logo (Photo courtesy of Lee) In order to become a Kidaribank member, applicants must friend the bank on Kakao Talk’s Plus Friend and submit their information. Regardless of nationality or financial status, one can become a member as long as they are currently enrolled in Hanyang University or are taking a leave of absence (visiting students from other universities are not eligible). Members are required to make a minimum investment of 10,000 won ($8.6). The money invested reflects how much a member can loan from the bank, with the maximum loan being 10 times the amount that the member invested in the bank. Kidaribank currently offers one fund called ‘short-dari,’ which means short legs in Korean (the opposite of kidari, long legs). The fund lends members a maximum of 300,000 won and is without interest. However, members are given the chance to donate an ‘autonomous interest,’ a policy in line with the bank’s objective to create social impact that seeks to help students financially. (From left) The chairman of the board of directors Lee Jae-hyuk (Department of Sociology, 3rd year) and a former chairman of the board of directors Kim Min-jae (Department of Financial Management, 4th year) of Kidaribank In order to apply for the loan, members need to download the application at the Kidaribank Kakao Talk page, fill it out, and send it to shortdarifund@gmail.com. The application is currently offered in Korean, but one can chat with an executive through the Kidaribank Kakao Talk chat room, who will then offer assistance in filling out the form. Once the application is submitted, applicants will be evaluated non-face-to-face, based on the applicant’s plans on how the loan will be used. After this step, applicants will be interviewed by an executive, face-to-face. During this interview, new members will be also educated on their newfound status as a member. Loans can take up to a week and are to be paid back in six months. Overdue payments have a penalty of 1,000 won per month. “What Kidaribank really wants to do is to not only lend people 300,000 won, but to also promote the idea that this place creates social value by lending this money to Hanyang University students,” said Lee Jae-hyuk (Department of Sociology, 3rd year), the chairman of the board of directors of Kidaribank. “Not only do we offer loaning services such as the short-dari fund, but we also offer financial management classes, late-night snack give-outs, and education classes on Excel, stock exchange, or R programming to members.” Kidaribank has also collaborated with companies such as Kakao and the National Credit Union Federation of Korea (NACUFOK). Through these memorandums of understandings, Kidaribank has offered installment savings programs with guest lectures with the objective to help members achieve their dreams. Starting in 2020, Kidaribank plans on offering loans for monthly rent and a ‘quick-dari fund’ that simplifies the process of applying for a loan and shortens the timespan between application and loan deposit. Pictured is Kidaribank’s general meeting with members, which is held twice a year. (Photo courtesy of Lee) Kidaribank’s influence is not limited to Hanyang University alone. Starting with Hanyang, the bank has expanded its services to the University of Seoul, Dankook University’s Cheonan Campus, and Konkuk University. The branches are managed independently by students of each university. “Kidaribank’s members need to increase in order to offer more loans for the organization to be something more than just a lending business,” said Kim Min-jae (Department of Financial Management, 4th year), a former chairman of the board of directors of Kidaribank. “There are more students benefiting from it than one thinks, as the funds are created by the accumulated investments of Hanyang University students, which is circulated and always helping someone.” Lee (left) and Kim are posing in front of Kidaribank’s office. Kidaribank is located on the fifth floor of Hanyang University’s Hanyang Plaza Building. Jung Myung-suk kenj3636@hanyang.ac.kr Photos by Jung Myung-suk

2020-01 12

[Special]Startup Is a Stepping Stone to Success

People seek to relax and find satisfaction after the stressful moments of everyday life. Some may prefer to stay home, but others would prefer to involve themselves in social intercourse. As a consequence, the ‘social salon’ has gained popularity from people in their 20s and 30s. Here is Park Jun-soo (Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, 4th year) and Lee Jong-won (Department of Political Science and International Studies, 4th year) who established a social salon startup named To Be KANT. To Be KANT is a social salon startup led by two Hanyang students, Park Jun-soo (Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, 4th year) and Lee Jong-won (Department of Political Science and International Studies, 4th year). (Photo courtesy of To Be KANT) The social salon finds its roots in 18th century France. Intellectuals and artists would gather in a ‘salon’—which means room in French—and engage in discussions and debates. To Be KANT provided a contemporary definition of a social salon—a cultural space where people make gatherings depending on their tastes. The business started as a team project in one class in the Department of Entrepreneurship. “News curation was what we initially had in mind,” said Park, the co-founder of the company. “With the process of model verification, To Be KANT was launched as a social salon where people curate their ideas based on their preferences.” A social salon is a space of gathering in accordance with people's interests. (Photo courtesy of To Be KANT) To Be KANT holds get-togethers that deal with current affairs, film reviews, and pastime activities. The members meet in a dedicated space called ‘igloo,’ which implies warmth beneath the cold modern society. “The number one principle in To Be KANT is listening courteously,” said Lee, the other co-founder. “Our goal is to provide a field of communication that supports members to regain their mental composure.” Mask debate is a program that represents To Be KANT as a social salon platform. It is a get-together where participants wear masks and discuss controversial issues. The program was inspired by Lee’s experience as an intern reporter. “I was surprised to see my peers refrain from being dragged to social conflicts,” recalled Lee. Oscar Wilde’s quote—“Man is least himself when he talks in his own person. Give him a mask, and he will tell you the truth.”—flashed across the CEO’s mind. After going through countless pilot tests, To Be KANT developed a unique type of mask debate with three players: the controller, speaker, and playmaker. The startup aims to set a stage for sharing divergent opinions, especially for the upcoming parliamentary elections. “We expect people to express their honest opinions on current events through their masks,” said Lee. Mask debate is a representative program in To Be KANT which lets the participants discuss controversial issues with their masks on. (Photo courtesy of To Be KANT) To Be KANT has benefited from the preliminary business launch package funded by the Korea Institute of Startup and Entrepreneurship Development. As termination of the support is forthcoming, the startup is planning to apply for the next step—the early-stage business launching package. To Be KANT is building up a portfolio to get support from startup accelerators as well. Park and Lee advised fellow Hanyang students not to be afraid of challenges. “The results might not work out as expected,” said Park, passionately. “However, we are improving day by day through numerous failures.” The two co-founders gave credit to their teamwork in overcoming these hardships. “We fully acknowledge our competence and each other’s roles,” said Lee. “It is a good opportunity to learn the fundamentals of business despite the slow pace.” To Be KANT is making progress as Park and Lee relish challenges with a strong partnership. (Photo courtesy of To Be KANT) The greatest glory in living lies not in never falling, but in rising every time we fall. The student CEOs of To Be KANT are boldly moving toward their dreams as successful entrepreneurs. Oh Kyu-jin alex684@hanyang.ac.kr Design by Oh Chae-won

2020-01 11

[Special]Kim Gun-woo, an Entrepreneur Who Saw Both Sides of the Startup World

In line with the Korean government's vow to increase support for venture firms, Hanyang University has been supporting young entrepreneurs as it has a fair number of venture firms that were supported through the school’s Startup Support Foundation. One such benefactor of the foundation’s program was Kim Gun-woo (Department of Electronic Engineering, ‘13), who referred to himself as a “serial business shutter.” He initially started with his first startup Bigfan, a sports magazine, and three more succeeding startups, which all failed to stay afloat. Nevertheless, instead of being dismayed, Kim led himself to new challenges. Today, he makes principle investments as part of an alternative investment team at a security firm in Korea. Having been on both sides of the startup world, Kim recently published Startup White Paper, which offers a guideline for future entrepreneurs by introducing readers to the dos and don'ts of creating one's own business. Kim Gun-woo (Department of Electronic Engineering, ‘13) has recently published Startup White Paper to introduce young dreamers into the world of startups. Kim dreamed of founding his own company since 2010, dreaming of success and large paychecks. He first thought of a sports season pass transfer platform that would allow people to sell and buy various passes including baseball, basketball, and soccer. Initially, the business seemed promising. He was selected by a government support program called "the 1,000 project" and was admitted into an incubating center to develop his business model. In 2012, Kim launched a sports magazine startup, Bigfan. However, two years later, Bigfan was shut down, to which Kim said it was inevitable, as it was his first business, and there were limitations to the assets and the number of employees he could acquire. Even after countless failures, Kim found opportunities in niche markets. Today, he uses his experience to find potential in startups as an investor. Despite Bigfan’s failure, Kim continued to pursue his dream to create startups. Kim created a matchmaking platform for startups called Buildup, which introduces people interested in startups with talent-seeking businesses. In 2016, Kim founded a real estate third dimensional modeling solution which allowed businesses to examine estates without having to travel to the actual locations. Although Kim was unsuccessful with his business pursuits, his experience was prized by investment companies when he decided to seek employment. In 2014, Kim went to the other side of startups, as a person who assesses companies instead of making them. Kim’s journey into this industry has had many obstacles, as he went through four jobs until he was employed by his current employer, Meritz Securities, late last year. Kim's Startup White Paper (Photo courtesy of Seulgi Books) Kim invites young entrepreneurs who want to create their own startup to start fast to do right away. He added that money is not an issue these days, compared to a few years ago, as universities and the government are shoveling in assets to give young dreamers with big ideas a chance. However, Kim warned that only 1 percent of startups are successful and the other 99 percent of people who failed need to prepare for another career. He also advised students to stay in school instead of dropping out like Mark Zuckerberg or Bill Gates, refraining from abandoning everything in order to pursue their dream. Kim shares his experience and feelings in Startup White Paper, which includes “the most basic information that people would definitely know when they create their own startup and go through the process in building their business.” “I hope that the number of cases where startups are evaluated as good companies increase in Korea and accumulate,” said Kim. “I bet my life on startups, and I wish others can grow with me.” Jung Myung-suk kenj3636@hanyang.ac.kr Photos by Jung Myung-suk

2020-01 08

[Reviews][Full Transcript] President Kim Woo-Seung’s 2020 Year Opening Ceremony Address

*Below is the full transcript of the year opening ceremony address, which was delivered by President Kim Woo-Seung on January 2nd, 2020 at the '2020 New Years Greetings and Year Opening Ceremony.' Dear beloved Hanyang family! The new year of Gyungja (庚子年) has begun. I wish you a happy new year, a year full of desired accomplishments, healthy and joyful moments. I also wish greatly that your households be abundant in bright spirits of the new year. The year of Gyungja is the year of a powerful and strong white rat, which drives us to remember and strengthen our will to achieve unstoppable development and intelligent changes. Despite the hardships that have occurred inside and outside of the country, I would like to thank you for all of your hard work during the past year, which was done with commitment and passion, day and night, solely for the development of Hanyang. Along with that appreciation, I strongly believe that all of our Hanyang family will move forward with a high spirit in the year of Gyungja, sharing greater hope and passion and believing in each other, with the help of diligence and the strong life force of the white rat. While the environment surrounding universities these days are changing constantly, Hanyang has been making gleaming accomplishments through steady progress and a greater step forward by embracing and encouraging each other. However, when observing the ecological system of higher education, the future ahead of us is facing an era that we have never experienced during any period of history. The change in the fertility rate in Korea is quite dramatic. The total fertility rate, which is an expected number of a woman to give birth within one's lifetime, decreased from 6.0 in 1960 to 2.1 in 1983, which is equal to the number of population replacement levels. The rate decreased to less than 1.3 in 2001, reaching 1.09 in the year of 2005. In the wake of these changes, the number had been fluctuating, until it recently dropped to 0.98 in 2018. Ever since entering this century, Korea's fertility rate has been persisting within the degree of 1.3 and 0.9, which can be considered a record-breaking number when considering both the rate itself and the duration of persistence. It has been stated that Korea will be facing a future in becoming the world's fastest aging society, catching up and going ahead of Japan around the 2040s. Universities are bound to face great hardship soon. According to data that was recently announced by the government, it has been predicted that the number of university entrants will meet with the university entrance quota starting from 2020, due to the rapid reduction in the number of the student population. Assuming that the university entrance rate will decrease after 18 years, from 67% to 60%, which is when the 326,822 newborn babies of 2018 will be eligible for entry into universities, the number of university entrants in the year 2036 will be 196,100. This number is 301,124 less than the number of university entrants in 2018, which was 497,218. After 16 years from now, it can be considered that more than 60% of the current university entrants from the current number is decreasing. It is important for school staff that is leading the school to view this matter with the stance of the colleges and the majors that they belong to. However, because the new faculty that are being hired nowadays will be working after the year of 2050, I believe that looking at the issues beyond one's individual views and to consider them in terms of the bigger structure which would be the greatest help for the professors that will be leading Hanyang University and for the continuity of the Hanyang Foundation, striving hard for the Hanyang community as a whole. With such a situation, the university's role in lifetime studies is crucial. As the number of average life expectancy is constantly increasing, the existing lifetime classification on studies, working, leisure-time, and social involvement according to one's life cycle stages such as adolescence, middle life, senescence and more are becoming less relatable to our lives. In the future aging society where the years of senescence are increasing, all activities of studying, working, leisure, and social involvement should be continued throughout one's life, simultaneously. When taking that side of view, we need to expand the definition of students and include all members of the society within the definition, along with preparing for the changes of the study system under the new definition. A heavy boulder is hard to move in the beginning, but once it starts rolling down, it creates progress that no one can stop. I believe that what Hanyang is accomplishing at the beginning of the Gyungja year looks very similar to that of the boulder. Just as all of our efforts have already moved the heavy boulder, I promise that, in this new year, we will make endless races for Hanyang to make higher and further progress. Dear honorable Hanyang family! Hanyang is reaching its 81st anniversary this year. Today, I want to talk about the new accomplishments and new fruits that we will be yearning for as of this moment. We understand that the high status of this leading private university was due to all of our Hanyang family's passion and devotion for the past 80 years. Therefore, I would like to say that our future accomplishments should also be done with the minds of all of our Hanyang families together. What, we, Hanyang are aiming for is something that cannot be done by one individual, and even if it were possible, it would end with no meaning to be seen. These will be the works that we will strive for and make progress in changing and innovating the areas of studies, research, social innovation, business start-ups, and more, with the core value of 'Love in Deed and Truth' leading Hanyang become more Hanyang throughout the years. I believe that innovation is created through integration based on mutual cooperation. Nevertheless, we have to ask ourselves whether we are making mutual cooperation when we are talking about innovation and integration. Nowadays, there is a coined term called 'AI for All'. I recently visited a university in the U.S., which had 163 core professors from the school of Informatics, Computing and Engineering. Meanwhile, the total number of professors within the 5 majors from the college, which are Computer Science, Informatics, Intelligent Systems Engineering, Data Science, Information and Library Science, reached 217. This was made possible through the joint-appointment professor system. Although I gave an example of a college related to computer studies, I promise that I will make thoughtful deliberation on creating such a mutual cooperation platform throughout the fields of studies with you. Dear Hanyang family! I think the biggest virtue of the word 'New Year' lies at 'being new' or 'starting something new.' Such newness can be realized not by normative activities but by practicing it with a strong will. We can say that greeting a new year is meaningful because we can start something new and try hard to practice it. As the president, I think of the future that the Hanyang community will form. I wish the future that the Hanyang community dreams of would be more diverse and dynamic. As all living things change, I wish dynamic moves to lead and respond to the ever-changing world would sweep around the campus. It will be an important power source, more important than domestic and global university rankings. Some say that the difference between a community and a group is whether the members can share the destiny, superseding their interests. We wish Hanyang's future to march in through active discussion, consensus, and practice within the community of Hanyang. I wholeheartedly thank Hanyang's family for loving and blessing Hanyang. As you are precious members of Hanyang University, I will do my best to make you feel proud of Hanyang this year as president. Have a happy new year, and I wish you the best. Love. Global News Team global@hanyang.ac.kr

2020-01 07

[Special]The First Day of 2020, Who Is on Campus?

The first day of a new year means holiday, that is, for most of us. For some diligent Hanyangians, the first week of January means time spent on campus for an early start of a fruitful year. As the saying goes, the early bird catches the worm. What are the early Hanyangians wishing to catch? The campus is already busy early into the new year. Which Hanyangians are staying on campus during the first week of January? The winter holiday has started, but Hanyang students' passion towards education continues. Jeon Ye-jin (Department of English Language and Literature, 4th year) stayed on campus during the first week of 2020 to study for the winter classes. "I will be preparing for graduate school next semester, so I wanted to take undergraduate classes while I'm less busy. Also, I plan to spend the holiday studying academic papers and books at the school library," said Jeon. Although she could not rest even during the new year's day, Jeon said that planning her future is more meaningful to her. "My new year's wish is to get accepted to the graduate school I wish to go!" said Jeon. Jeon Ye-jin (Department of English Language and Literature, 4th year) was one of the students who stayed on campus during the first week of 2020 to study for winter classes and prepare for graduate school. The Olympic Gymnasium is restless, even in the first week of January. Professors and students of Hanyang sports teams are practicing fiercely for this year’s upcoming tournaments. The coach of the Hanyang men's volleyball team, Professor Yang Jin-woong (Department of Physical Education) explained that there will be heavy training until the tournament starts in March. During the last three years with Yang as the coach, the volleyball team achieved remarkable records in various tournaments. However, last year, they closely missed the title of all-round champion. “Our 2020 goal is to win the all-round championship. Everyone in the team is practicing hard for it,” said Yang. The Hanyang men's volleyball team and their coach Yang Jin-woong (Department of Physical Education) are practicing on court for the upcoming tournaments during the first week of 2020. Over the holiday, some foreign students also decided to stay on campus. They were eager to spend a valuable holiday, attending Hanyang International Winter School or enjoying various activities in Korea. Okita Satsuki (Division of Tourism, 3rd year) was one of the students on campus on the first week of the new year. “Although I do miss spending the new year in my home country Japan, I wanted to have a meaningful winter break, so I stayed at Hanyang and joined volunteer activities,” said Okita. “In 2020, I wish to work hard on my linguistic skills. My goal is to pass the TOPIK (Test of Proficiency in Korean) L6 as well as the HSK (Hanyu Shuiping Kaoshi) L4.” International students also kept busy during the first week of 2020. Okita Satsuki (Division of Tourism, 3rd year) stayed on Hanyang campus to participate in volunteer activities. Even with less students, the campus needs many hands to be maintained clean and safe. Kim Sang-yun, one of the eight traffic attendants of Hanyang, was on duty during the first week of new year. "Working during the holiday season made me realize how hard-working the students of nowadays are. It was very good to see Hanyang students come to study with such bright eyes. I receive a lot of positive energy from them." Kim said his new year's wish is for his second child to go to the university they hoped for. "As for myself, I just want to become a better person with each passing year," he smiled. Many busy hands are keeping the campus safe and clean while the students are away. Kim Sang-yun, one of Hanyang's traffic attendants who was on duty on the first week of 2020, expressed that his work is very rewarding. The new year has started and Hanyang got off to a lively start. With each of the Hanyangians already eager to make the year 2020 better than the previous one, a brighter 2020 is expected for all of Hanyang's members. Lim Ji-woo il04131@hanyang.ac.kr Photos by Kim Ju-eun

2020-01 07

[Reviews][Full Text] 2020 New Year Celebration Speech of Chairman Kim Chong-yang

*This is a full text of the celebration speech read by chairman Kim Chong-yang at the ‘2020 New Year and Kick-off Meeting’ on January 2nd of 2020. The year of Gyeongja has started. I thank you by heart to all Hanyang people who devoted themselves to newly making the future of Hanyang last year. Your passionate love for Hanyang has developed the university, and I expect you to make a meaningful year in 2020. Dear Hanyang families! This year has another meaning as we have passed the 2010s and met the 2020s. At the beginning of the 2000s, the world expected a lot from the new millennium as they celebrated the opening of the new millennium. After then, 20 years have passed. For the last 20 years, changes in the world were astonishing, and they are still ongoing. Oftentimes, I feel worried when thinking ‘to what extent will the change in the world lead us?’ Hanyang University declared the ‘Hanyang Millennium Declaration’ 20 years ago, celebrating a new millennium. In the declaration, we have clarified Hanyang’s concept of talent that Hanyang of the new millennium wants by saying: “The ‘millennium leader’ is an individual we would like to cultivate as a ‘creative leader’ who not only accumulates knowledge but also creates new knowledge, and a ‘loving leader’ who overcomes egoism and respects the life of humans and nature.” The declaration which can be summarized with ‘creative leader’ and ‘loving leader’ seems to be valid 20 years after then. It is more emphasized when looking at the changes within the world. Hence, we would like to keep these two keywords in our minds, on the morning of the beginning of the 2020s. Dear and beloved Hanyang families! The most frequently used word in the field of big data is AI. Achievements in AI are being broadcasted on the media every day. They also say that the creative field of art will be captured by AI, as the media notes that AI, which can write and draw, has emerged. However, strictly saying, it is not a new creation made by AI. It is just a cumulation of the results and learning of the human-created, creative field. The ability of an AI that analyzed and learned the paintings of van Gogh and drew paintings in his styles is astonishing, yet it is not van Gogh with creative ability. Creativity is what it counts. The creativity comes from the liberty of thought of individuals. Further, I think creativity, in its true meaning, has to be valuable. Technology is easy to lose its directions. This is because people only pursue development and achievements, not ethics and values. We can call something as creation only when it is new and valuable and meaningful to humankind. The final destination of such values would be love. The ‘creative leader’ and ‘loving leader’ we talked about at the declaration are the concepts of talent that are necessary for the era of technology and artificial intelligence. I wish the talents of Hanyang could be raised as creative leaders making valuable things and loving leaders having a good-hearted influence. Dear and beloved Hanyang families! I would like to quote a proverb that has been read for more than 2,000 years: “Ye are the salt of the earth: but if the salt have lost his savour, wherewith shall it be salted? It is thenceforth good for nothing, but to be cast out, and to be trodden under foot of men.” Salt is one of the minerals that humans need for survival and a precious thing to add taste to food. It was used as a currency, and also, it was given as a salary. Salary is known to be derived from salt. It becomes a scary dictum to all Hanyang people. When we cannot suffice each others’ roles and missions, one would be neglected from the world. Professors, faculties, students, cleaners, guards, managers of each organization, team managers, and we ourselves should know what our roles are, and I wish the year 2020 to be a loyal year as the salt of the world. The year of the mouse symbolizes fecundity, prosperity, and abundance. I wish all members of Hanyang love and prosperity. Thank you. January 2nd, 2020, Chairman of Hanyang Foundation, Kim Chong-yang Global News Team Translated by: Lee Seong-chae global@hanyang.ac.kr

2020-01 04

[Special]The Danger Within a Cup of Alcohol

The New Year brings more than a shift in time as the Korean health ministry has taken an action to deglamorize drinking. Starting from 2020, the so-called provocative sounds such as 'kyaa' or 'keu', sounds that people make after drinking alcohol, are banned from advertisements promoting the beverage. In November 2019, the ministry stated that the policy is an extension of the country's anti-smoking campaign as it deemed government efforts insufficient in this field. Regardless of the government’s efforts to promote a healthier lifestyle, the number of Koreans who drink at least once a month for a year from 2005 to 2017 increased from 54.6 percent to 62.1 percent, according to a study by the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs. Professor Kang Bo-seung (College of Medicine) warns people of Korea’s drinking culture by arguing that alcohol is poison for 30 percent of Koreans. Kang elaborates on his research in his book The Medical Science Within a Cup of Alcohol, which was published in December of 2019. Professor Kang Bo-seung (College of Medicine) published The Medical Science Within a Cup of Alcohol to inform people of the misconception that small amounts of alcohol can benefit all people. The process of alcohol conversion within the human body After consuming alcohol, the ethanol within the drink is partially oxidized by the liver enzyme (proteins and biological catalysts that help speed up chemical reactions in the body) alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH), which produces acetaldehyde, a type of intermediate metabolite during alcohol metabolism that can be hazardous to our bodies, said Kang. Then, it is changed into a material that is not harmful to our bodies called acetic acid by an enzyme in our bodies called aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH2). Behind this metabolism is the reason why Koreans and people from adjacent countries such as China and Japan have such a hard time drinking alcohol; 30 percent of the population have half or even less than half of the activity of these enzymes. “Of the 30 percent, 3 to 4 percent have one tenth of the normal capacity to break down acetaldehyde, transformed from alcohol, and for 25 to 26 percent, they only retain 40 percent,” said Kang. On the other hand, Kang said that people of other races are more tolerable to alcoholic beverages (exactly acetaldehyde), especially those from Western cultures. The World Health Organization’s (WHO’s) International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) declares acetaldehyde as “carcinogenic to humans” (acetaldehyde included in and generated endogenously from alcoholic beverages is a Group 1 human carcinogen). However, before Kang started to warn people of the possible dangers of Korean's biological compositions, a medical community in Korea was neglecting Kang's discovery. A neurology research team at 15 nationwide university hospitals in Korea claimed that small amounts of alcohol consumption lowers the risk of people having ischemic strokes (brain vessel obstruction type) in 2015. The team’s findings were published in Neurology, a biweekly peer-reviewed prestigious medical journal in the United States, which motivated Kang to send a letter to the journal to point out that the claim was only partially true. Soon, Kang's letter was published by Neurology, and Kang took further action by sending letters to reporters as the neurology research team's publication could endanger the lives of some 30 percent of the population. However, no one replied to Kang’s letters, until December 2015, when he received a letter from a reporter associated with one of Korea’s top news outlets. The Medical Science Within a Cup of Alcohol by Professor Kang Bo-seung (Photo courtesy of Kang) “The reporter wrote an article titled ‘Drinking Small Amounts of Alcohol is Dangerous for 40 percent of Koreans,’ and I never expected that such a sensation would follow its publication,” said Kang. Although this ratio was revised to 30 percent after further research, the article was a turning point for Kang’s mission to spread the dangers of drinking. Soon, Kang started writing the The Medical Science Within a Cup of Alcohol to raise awareness of the possible dangers of drinking alcohol for Koreans, which took three years in the making. Kang offered a simple test to those who wanted to know whether they had a sufficient capacity of enzymes in order to drink without having to worry about their health. “In order to test whether one has a small capacity of enzymes, one can drink 180 cubic centimeters (cc) of beer, a normal glass, and wait for 5 to 10 minutes,” said Kang. “If one’s face turns red after this time, it means that their enzyme power is weak.” Kang added that it is best for those who have a low capacity of enzymes to not drink at all. "20 years have passed since the 21st century. I wish this becomes an opportunity for all of society to wake up," said Kang. "Schools, the health ministry, clinics or hospitals don't emphasize the importance of these findings, so I believe that these organizations should put in more effort to stress the issue. In addition, when we come across a red light, we stop, and in the same manner, when we see a person whose face is all red during drinking sessions, we should be aware that they are being attacked by carcinogens within their bodies." Jung Myung-suk kenj3636@hanyang.ac.kr Photos by Lee Hyeon-seon

2019-12 31

[Special]International Politics from the Students’ Point of View

“International politics is too important to be left to the scholars,” quotes Professor Eun Yong-soo (Department of Political Science and International Studies) in the preface of his recently published book, ‘International Politics by the Public.’ In the book, authored by Eun and his 17 students, he suggests the necessity of cultivating diverse ‘narrators’ of international politics, thus resulting in “politics by the public” and not by the scholars. The book was the first step, a collection of 17 theses written and examined entirely from the students’ point of view -- i.e., the public’s point of view. The book is the first case in which undergraduates were the authors of a professional academic book. Eun Yong-soo (Department of Political Science and International Studies) and 17 students from a Foreign Policy Study class published an academic book titled ‘International Politics by the Public.' (Photo courtesy of YES24) The book, ‘International Politics by the Public’ was written and published by students from the 2019 Foreign Policy Study IC-PBL (Industry-Coupled Problem-Based Learning) class. The core purpose of the project, said Eun, was for the students to stand, not as a consumer of knowledge by scholars, but as a subject of narrating and producing knowledge. “Narration of the politics is extremely important, but the interpretation of facts hugely differ depending on who the narrator is. Although the research of formal scholars is important, it is very professionalized; therefore, there is a wide gap between professional knowledge and living knowledge,” said Eun. “It’s time that we need more than the popularization of studies. We need studies by the public.” During the first eight weeks of class, students researched different topics of international politics. For the next seven weeks, they each selected what they deemed the most urgent problem, and analyzed its meaning, cause, and solution. The deduced topics were diverse, discussing international politics of Korea, Asia, and the world, including the foreign policy of the Moon Jae-in government, the multi-lateral security cooperation system of Northeast Asia, and global, environmental pollution. (Front row, middle) Eun and students from the Department of Political Science and International Studies pose for a photo. (front row, from left) The students who authored the book are Hong Tae-ho (3rd year), Jeong Hye-young (1st year), Jo Eun-jeong (1st year), and Kim Ji-won (4th year). As a first-year class, it was a challenge for many of the students to complete a thesis. The two first-year students, Jo Eun-jeong (Department of Political Science and International Studies) and Jeong Hye-young (Department of Political Science and International Studies), said the project almost felt like an unclimbable mountain at the start. “However, getting to author a book is a valuable experience, and we are very proud,” said Jo. Kim Ji-won (Department of Political Science and International Studies, 4th year) explained that it was exciting to be able to apply the theoretical knowledge onto a real-life situation. Another student, Hong Tae-ho (Department of Political Science and International Studies, 3rd year), agreed that it was a valuable opportunity to study deep into the topic he chose. “Also, listening to and discussing the topics presented by other students helped me to contemplate deep into other, more diverse topics of international politics.” Eun said it was a meaningful experience for him too. “I remember every moment I spent making this book with students. There were hardships, of course. It was especially challenging to share the idea that not scholars but the ordinary public such as students can become the producers of knowledge. However, it will be a huge asset for students and a step towards the politics by the public,” said Eun. Lim Ji-woo il04131@hanyang.ac.kr Photos by Kim Ju-eun

2019-12 29

[Special]Where Cinema Becomes a Field of Study

“Parasite,” directed by Korean auteur Bong Joon-ho, won the Palme d’Or – the top prize at the Canne Film Festival – this year. This feat proved that the Korean film industry has developed into a world-class level with the accumulated efforts of 100 years. Here is a research institute in Hanyang who arranges these century-long achievements. Cinema has long been counted more like art rather than humanities for the past decades. It was not until the early 2000s that cinema studies have been systematically organized as an academic discipline. The Contemporary Cinema Research Institute (COCRI) is the first university-based research organization specializing in such studies. The Contemporary Cinema Research Institute (COCRI) was established in 2005 as the first university-based research organization in cinema studies. (Photo courtesy of COCRI) The institute inherits the academic tradition of Hanyang University's Department of Theater and Film Studies. “Since its foundation in 1960, the Department of Theater and Film Studies has produced significant manpower in the Korean film industry through a multidisciplinary approach,” said Ham Chung-beom, a research professor at the COCRI. “Hanyang’s emphasis on cinema as a liberal art is the soil of our research.” Since 2005, COCRI is digging deeper into the contemporary status of cinema, analyzing in regards to history, aesthetics, criticism, and cultural phenomenon. The institute aims to lead the development of cinema studies in Korea and play its role as the central hub in the field. “Cinema studies were dependent on Western culture in the past,” said Ham. The research professor revealed the objective of research – to unpack contemporary Korean cinema authentically in light of the Korean context. Research Professor Ham Chung-beom highlighted the role of humanities in unpacking contemporary Korean cinema in an authentic way. COCRI issues the quarterly academic journal called Contemporary Cinema Studies. The journal covers cinema studies in a broad sense, involving both domestic and foreign scholars. Contemporary Cinema Studies is currently the most frequently cited academic journal in the discipline. Besides, the institute seeks to expand its scope on the global level. Last year, CineEast was launched towards foreign scholars who are interested in Korean cinema. The institute additionally publishes a series of books on contemporary Korean cinema which concentrates on a certain theme. Moreover, COCRI annually holds colloquia, lectures, and conferences to share the results of research. Recently, a conference was held on December 21st, 2019, under the theme of ‘Cinema and Technoculturalism.’ “We are on the halfway of a government-funded project,” said Ham, who acted as the chairperson of the conference. The organizer sought to present how cinema has expressed power, culture, and art in the medium of film. The conference was notable in that five Ph.D. students participated as the main speakers. “It is expected to be a field of communication between scholars who are immersed in different subjects of study,” said Ham. “It will help future generations of researchers gain experience through debate and criticism on their theme.” The conference was a field of communication between researchers with different cinematic and scholastic backgrounds. Some say that research is to see what everybody else has seen but to think what nobody else has thought. COCRI is pioneering the field of cinema studies with Hanyang’s tradition in humanities. Oh Kyu-jin alex684@hanyang.ac.kr Photos by Lee Hyeon-seon

2019-12 16

[Special]Wrapping Up 2019

Here comes another year’s end. Wrapping up 2019, different thoughts come to students of different year levels. For some, it is time to step up as a senior and welcome new freshman. For many, it is merely a repeating cycle of another school year. Yet for others, it is time to leave Hanyang and step into society. So how are students of each year feeling now, at the end of 2019? Ham Chae-won (Department of German Language and Literature, 1st year) Ham Chae-won (Department of German Language and Literature, 1st year) said her 2019 was full of surprises. “Everything was new! New friends, new studies, and new school.” Ham said she thinks she did pretty well on her initial resolution to spend her first year fruitfully. “I’ve travelled a lot, drank a lot, and did many things that were possible because I was a freshman.” So many plans await her in the upcoming year. “I plan to study foreign languages, practice driving, go travelling, and make regular donations,” Ham smiled, hoping her future three years in Hanyang to be brighter and happier. Lee Myeoung-eun (Department of Chemical Engineering, 2nd year) For Lee Myeoung-eun (Department of Chemical Engineering, 2nd year), 2019 was very different from her freshman year. “Last year, everything was new and exciting. In the second year, however, there were exams after exams that I felt like I did not have enough time for myself,” said Lee. Reflecting on this thought, she thinks it is a good idea to take a rest during the holiday, as laborious studying is inevitable during semesters. Next year, she looks forward to taking a semester off and doing the things she has always wanted to do, such as participating in a volunteer service club and exercising. Hong Ji-young (Department of Applied Art Education, 3rd year) Hong Ji-young (Department of Applied Art Education, 3rd year) described her third year as the most difficult but fruitful year so far. “I wanted to challenge many different things in my third year: joining a volunteer service club, doing extra curriculum activities, and ticking out the travel bucket list. It was exhausting, but it will be a very memorable year,” said Hong. For the future third graders, she emphasized the importance of keeping in health. “If I had a chance, I’d want to tell myself before 2019, as well as the third years of 2020, that the outcomes will be good sometimes and bad sometimes, so do not get overly agitated by those. You are progressing anyhow.” Her 2020 will be filled with yet another set of challenges as she hopes to learn video editing and 3D design for her portfolio. Hong’s plan is to apply for an internship next year. Park Seo-hee (Department of Policy Studies, 4th year) The 4th year of Park Seo-hee (Department of Policy Studies, 4th year) has been busy with various activities, such as Youth Change Makers, Zero waste project, Sustainable Development Goals, and the counselling club. At the end of the school years, Park said she feels an unavoidable pressure and a slight depression. “I’m turning 25 now, and people have started asking if I've graduated or gotten a job. It’s hard to not feel the pressure.” Park said she hopes the new fourth graders do not think they’re alone in suffering. “It may seem like everyone else is so far ahead and better. However, each has their individual stress and problem that you do not know of, so don’t compare yourself with others. Quitting SNS and exercising is a good remedy.” In 2020, Park is preparing for employment at an international organization. Standing at the end of 2019, each of us pauses to reflect on the past year. What have I achieved? Am I a better person now than a year before? What will I be doing next year? As students, life full of uneasy questions and no tangible answers could be frustrating. Nevertheless, that is also what defines youth and endless possibilities. To everyone who has come through 2019, great job and fighting! Lim Ji-woo il04131@hanyang.ac.kr Photos by Kim Ju-eun, Jeong Yeon, Lim Ji-woo Design by Lim Ji-woo

2019-12 12

[Special]An Introduction to Settling in Korea

Korea’s ever-increasing presence in the world is luring foreigners into the country thanks to the country’s strong economy and trendy pop-culture. As one of the four Asian Tigers (Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea and Taiwan), Korea has proven successful in many industries including electronics, automobile, beauty and entertainment. Hallyu, or the Korean wave, has dominated the world, from music to movies, such as the latest fad in the music industry, K-pop's mega-star BTS, and the black comedy blockbuster, Parasite (2019) directed by Bong Joon-ho. More than two million foreigners are living in the country, some 200,000 having naturalized as Korean citizens, and around 3,000 foreign students study at Hanyang University today. Due to this trend, more foreigners are interested in settling in Korea. Some of the most sought-after methods of settling in Korea include obtaining a work visa, marriage visa, permanent residency status, or through naturalization. Korea's K-pop mega-star BTS, the black comedy blockbuster, Parasite (2019), and leading industries in semiconductors and shipbuilding are pushing the country into the spotlight. (Photo courtesy of KOREA NOW) One of the most popular and easiest ways to stay and work in Korea is by getting a work visa, which can be obtained by people who have a legitimate employer who can vouch for their employees. For those who are planning on teaching English and come from an English-speaking country, the E1 and E2 work visas allow native English speakers to teach at schools and universities. Applicants must have at least a bachelor’s degree and a valid passport from a specified number of countries. While E2 visa holders can work for public schools, private schools, and language institutes, E1 visa holders can work in Korean universities. On the other hand, foreigners who are employed short term are issued C4 visas, whereas those sent by foreign companies to companies' Korean branches are issued D7 visas (intra-company transferee). E5 visas are issued to foreigners whose expertise lie in accounting, law, medicine, or other professional fields approved by Korean law. Finally, E9 work visas are issued to those with non-professional employment. Another way to live in Korea is through marriage. Foreigners who marry a Korean citizen can apply for marriage visas (F6) or, with the right qualifications, can obtain permanent residency status (F5). Acquiring a marriage visa or permanent residency status have similar benefits, such as being able to live in the country for as long as one likes and receiving health care. The registration process for legalizing one’s marriage may be cumbersome as documents must be submitted in both languages of the spouses, which needs to be translated by certified translators. Then, with approval by Korea’s Ministry of Justice, the marriage is legitimized. However, marriages can break apart, which makes it difficult for a foreign spouse to reside in a country if they are unable to obtain an alternative status after their divorce. On the other hand, permanent residency is maintained regardless of the state of one’s marriage and brings additional rights such as voting at local elections, after one has maintained their status for a certain period. In order to obtain permanent residency status, one must be over 18 years old, an adult recognized by Korean Law, have lived within the country two years or over, and receive a passing score for either the Test of Proficiency in Korean (TOPIK) fourth level or the Korea Immigration and Integration Program (KIIP). The Ministry of Justice's Soci-Net where foreigners can apply for the Korea Immigration and Integration Program is displayed above. (Photo courtesy of Socinet Immigration & Social Integration Network) click to learn more about the Korea Immigration and Integration Program For those who want to take the final step and become a Korean citizen, they can do this through general or special naturalization. Naturalization requirements are similar to permanent residency; general naturalization requires a subject to have lived in Korea for at least five years, and applying for citizenship through this method may take up to two years, whereas special naturalization decreases the residence period to two years and can take three to four months until one can naturalize after submitting their application. The naturalization process consists of three steps. First, related documents need to be submitted to the Ministry of Justice including the subject’s state of affairs, criminal records, qualification papers, and a letter of recommendation. Then, subjects are interviewed to evaluate whether they are suitable candidates for obtaining Korean citizenship, and in the case of foreigners naturalizing under special conditions such as people with outstanding academic talent or investors who have invested a large sum of money in Korean industries, they are tested during this session on Korean language, history, and culture. Subjects who do not pass their interview session are given one more chance. When a subject successfully passes all of their evaluations, they participate in their oath ceremony with fellow naturalized citizens, finally recognized as a Korean citizen from this day on. Korea continues to surprise the world with its economic development and rise in status as a political power. In line with this phenomenon, Korea is taking the next step by moving forward to create foreigner-friendly policies that embrace and protects the rights of those who come to live within its borders. No longer will Korea be just a hub for business and culture, but a safe haven for those who wish to contribute to and live in such a country. click to read about Hanyang Professors sharing their own experience on settling in Korea Jung Myung-suk kenj3636@hanyang.ac.kr